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Socialist, February 21, 1917, at the Post Office at Cleveland, O.,
Under Act of March 3, 1879.
EDITOR ..Elmer T. Allison
Published Weekly by The Communist Labor Party of Ohio at
Telephone: Harvard 3639.
CLEVELAND. 0., FRTDAY, MARCH 19th 1920.
EDITORIAL & PARTY NEWS PAGE
Tho extinction of all humane privileges of the workers in tne U. S. by
the agencies of capitalism thru its Department of Justice and Palmer is
continueing, but with a change of tactics which, while being less conscipicuo
usly in the open, is nevertheless, as repressive and degrading to what are
generally referred to as the national 'deals as any measures have been.
The change la tactics constitutes a guerilla warfare and is directe.l
largely against the alien workers those workers who have been induced by
the rose colored promises of personal and political liberty and high wages
and better living conditions to come to this country and serve its economic
Since the nationwide raids of January and the resultant censure of the
Department of Justice by the liberal minded of the country who saw in this
example of Czarism the final extinction of popular liberties if it continued,
the department has changed tactics and what it did openly and brazenly in
January against all workers, it is doing more secretly and less ostentasiously
to the foreign born. The non-cilizen foreigner does not vote and just now
the political pot is boiling furiously and the highbinders are playing canuily
for the "labor vote" of the American worker and citizen.
Not a week passes but numerous raids are recorded in the press. Great
uumbers of aliens are still being arrested In meetings, in homes or wherever
they have the temerity to foregather. Many are held for deportation and all
are catalogued, thumbmarked and recorded, questioned and terrorized. By
such methods does Palmer attempt to iualify before capitalism for the seat
in the White House for which ho has been playing for many months, and
because of such ambition and the fecrs of capitalists a reign cf terror has
been instituted and is continued by the Department of Justice.
As long as the foreign born were content to slave in abject servitude for
the profits of American capitalism they were allowed to go and come un
molested, tho shunned, intrigued against, and pitilessly exploited. When they
endeavored to organize against capitalism and for themselves and their
families, they at once became the object of the most villanous attacks ever
instigated by a ruthless and robber class drunk with power, The fact that the
power of the State was on the aide of the industrial capitalists was brought
home to them in blow after blow delivered with a mailed fist upon their de
fenseless persons. They are now classed as ' undesirable aliens"'.
It mattered not to capitalism and the henchmen who serve it as political
officials of the nation, that the industries of the nation have been built up
by the hands and Plains of these foreigners. It mattered not that the shining
rails from coast to coast had been laid by them; that the mines were useless
unless the foreignborn went down into them with pick and shovel; that without
their, brawny arms the steel industry would never return a dollar on the in
vestment. Nothing mattered except that the worker's rebellion against en
slavement and exploitation by the master class must be put down. That is tlis
reason and the only reason for continueing this guerilla warfare against tho
foreign born workers But the methods of Palmer to subdue the tidal wane of
revolution are proven false by how mony centuries of human history!
A "SUCCESS" STORY
We have just read in tho daily press of the announced resignation of
Harry Davis from the Mayorship of Cleveland. Not tint Harry will resign
right off he will make sure of his cr.ndidacy for the Governorship before ho
takes tho big leap into a chanceful political abyss.
we have read up on Hairy ah;o from the daily press, a short sketch of
his life or some of it. We don't know how authentic this sketch is, but as
History failed to record another, we will accept it as it runs.
It seems -.hat when a boy, Harry earned his living with his hands in an
honest and straightforward manner by working in a steel mill. This fact alone
ought to euro him tho Governorship at the hands of the steel workers of
Youngstown, Loram and Cleveland. It will bo seen at a glimpse that this
constitutes an affinity and cneness with Labor that must bo recognized by
Ohio wagcslaves next November. Harry knows all their ills, he knows how
hard it is for them to meet their bills. If he isn't a 'friend of Labor' from
now until election we miss our gu.es?.
From rustling steel slabs and iron junk, Harry graduated into the business
cf insurance. But it was not until he got ill the political game In 1909 that
his prowess as a statesman beoan e recogn'zed by those who had political pluui3
to hand out to tho deserving. We are not Informed by this somewhat curtiled
sketch of his life if a period spent as a page in the Ohio legislature served
to whet Harry's appytite for political conquests or not. Very likely the oid
ence of porK barrel success at the Oapnol served as in determining the course
of tho current of his young life.
However that may be, a term as city treasurer of Cleveland was tho begin
ning of a series of games of hide-and seok with about all the remunerative
Jobs on the city pay roll. Sometimes he won and sometimes not but Harry
was never discouraged not as long as there was a better political job ahead
than the one ho had Just won or lost. Tenacious is his middle name.
But still then was something lacking in Harry's life. Somothing was
noodod to "spot light" him rnd to cinch an uncurtain political future some
thing that would forever and a day link him up with the House of Have.
Fate and tho times brought it about. Since this memorablo occurrence the
surety of his future has been as safo gamble as a liborty bond.
A glorious day in May 1919, :n fact it was the first day of that swoet
month, srved as tho point upon which his "standing in" was pivoted. And
tho Socialists were the cause (he ought to thauk his stars that there are
socialists in theso days.) They hold a parade thoro wore 40.000 workers in
lino, led resplendontly by a horseman in rod and white. Red flags were car
riedwith the sanction of tho police and the administration. But 'sanction' Is
.lot power and on the sido of the police thoro was powor there were thugs
and gunmon and rowdies and clubs and tanks and tracks and behind them
all was the majeuty of the law. it was a massacre, but of course with it,
Harry hod nothing to do was he not onjoying a ball gamo in tho park at
the very moment his mounted police wero riding down women and children
on the sidewalks of the Publice Square? What better alibi would you ask"
In fact, why ask'' Yon are only a voter.
Proletarian Science History
By W. E. Reynolds.
An economic interpretation of history especially
ranged for use as a text-book for study clones,
or for home studv.
Copyright 1920 By W. E. R.
Prolot arian study oHflSSOS are more and more cumin"'
to be recognized as an essential part of any okws
eonscious movement having for its aim and object the
establishment of a better social system.
The study class movement has been handicapped in
the past by various obstacles, not the least among them
being the ladk of a sufficient number of text books
adapted to study class use.
This little volume is the result of several years of
practical experience as an organizer and teacher of pro
letarian study classes, and is sent forth in the hope that
other students will find in the subject matter of its
pages, an aid to a better undereitelding of the materialist
conception of history.
The author wishes to acknowledge the valuable
assistance given him in both the preparation and revision
of the manuscript, by Professor John II. De Quer. Valu
able assistance was also given by C. W. Garret, espeeially
iu the arrangement of some of the charts.
Asiide from the class conscious element in society
there are few who recognize the necessity for proltarian
study classes. The rest are ignorant of the class nature
of our educational system, and labor under the delusion
that the public school, with its winked-at compulsory
attendance laws, is all that is necessary.
"The whole history of mankind (since the dissolution
of primitive tribal society holding land in common
ownership) has been a history of class straggles, contests
between exploiter and exploited, ruling and oppressed
classes", says Frederick Engels in the preface to the
Communist Manifesto of 3848.
Here is a fundamental truth which is completely
ignored or concealed by the bourgeois-controlled schools
and colleges of today.
If all history is the history of the struggle (.1' one
class to get and another class to keep supremacy, how
can one be Avell educated if taught in a school' which
ignores the existence of classes and denies the class
natura of sooietv !
Securing an education in proletarian science will
consist largely in substituting the dynamic for the static
concept of life. It is evident that the dominant class in
control of industry will strive to keep from the worker
the fact of the calss nature of society, and to foster in
him meekness, obedience and other mental attitudes thai
will tend to make the worker more productive and Less
A large portion of the things which in bourgeois
society pass for scientific education, is but a mass of
contradictions, half-truths and a muddle of misinfor
fin their daily labors for the dominant class tin
working class is taught many useful bits of information,
h :t most of the education received by the worker, :
given, not for the benefil of the working class but for
the direct benefil of tie- employer. Instead of having an
opportunity to acquire a knowledge of the science of
- wiety, of which he, the worker, is an integral part,
he is purposely kept in ignorance, while his prejudces
aie aroused and his superstitions cultivated.
Armed with a knowledge Of proletarian science; free
Prom ignorance, prejudice and superstition, the working,
class w ill have a tremendous advantage in their struggle
Por Industrial Freedom.
CHART FOR INTRODUCTION
LAW (iO.VKRNSTMK t'XIYUh'SE. t M V MADE
LAW, BUT NATURAL LAW INHERENT
IN TUB rXIVBRNB ITSBLF
THE FOUR CLASSES TUB Born ci.ssi s
SOCIOLOGICAL I DBAS
NOTIIIXG HAPPENS BY CHANCE.
THERE IS Xo RooM IX TUB WHOLE DOMAIN
()B SCIENCE BOK MIRACLES OR TUB SO-CALLED
1 4 FREEDOM-OF-THE WILL."
Words are used primarily to convey ideas or (o i nil
coal their absence. I In older that the COITCCi idea may
be conveyed it is of scientific importance t use exactlj
the right word or word. All students of proletarian
science should strive al all times to use the exact word
needed to convey the idea sought to be expressed.
A definition is a concise statement of the meaning
of a word. A definition to be concise must be all-inclusive
and all exclusive, including al lthat is necessary and ex
cluding all that is non-essential
Law governs the universe.
The law which governs the universe is not man
made law written upon the statute-books by parliament
arians, but natural law, inherent in the universe itself.
Nothing happens by chance. Everything that hap
pens is CAUSED TO HAPPEN by some former cause
or causes. These causes produce effects and these effects
in turn become the causes of future effects. This is
known as the law of causation.
Carefully examine the law of causation, for if it is
true there is no room in the whole field of science for
miracles or the so-called "freedom of the will."
There are two methods of explaining phenomena,
the static and the dynamic. The Static method views life
and history as a collection of unrelated happenings. The
dynamic method views life as a succession of processes;
as links in the chain of universal causation.
The prevalence of static education accounts for the
almost universal stupidity on matters pertaaning to
The static-minded chase effects while the dynamic
minded seek to change effect's by analysis of causes. It is
the ability to analyze cause that gives the dynamic
minded their pre-eminence in the struggle for supremacy.
People who are static minded can rnd see the forest
for the trees; the city for the houses. A knowledge of
science) gives the dynamic-minded a sense of relation
ship which enables them to see not only the trees but
the forest; not only the houses but the city.
An illustration of static-mindedness is to be found
in the workings of certain governmental committees.
One committee will he sent out to ascertain the number
of women working in industry. The committee will
eventually bring in a report that there are ten million
women engaged in gainful occupations in the United
States. That committee will then be dismissed. Another
committee will be sent to find out the wages paid to
women in industry. That committee will report that
the average wage paid to women in industry, is less
than a dollar a day, and that committee will be dis
Anotht v committee will be appointed to find out
tie.' number of prostitutes. That committee will report
and be dismissed and that will be the end of it!
The dynamic-minded would reason this way; ten
million women in industry, wages less than a dollar a
day, of course there must be prostitution caused by the
low wages and the had economic conditions.
According to the dynamic point of view we find
the causes of human misery to be, ignorance, poverty,
disease, etc., in short a lack of understanding of the
natural and social forces and the activity which would
logically flow from such a knowledge.
There are four grand divisions of science, Astron
omy, Physics, Biology, and Sociology. The sum total ot
human knowledge being included in these four general
sciences it is evident that the student of proletarian
science eat: not know everything about all things.
One should know something of the science of cos
mology, the knowledge of the universe and the natural
laws A'hich govern it.
I hie should have a working knowledge of the science
of biology, the science of life,
Next bi order of importance comes a branch of tho
science of biolegv, nthropologv, the science of man.
Last but not least is the science of sociology, a
knowledge of the structure and function of society.
In these l.'ssons the aim is to teach such portions
of tin- above mentioned sciences as most directly con
cern the material interest of the modern proletariat.
) ''We iiro beginning tn understand tbnt science docs not con
cist of a iirvM man of facts, l.it rather in tin- tMertnimnent of the
lawa which li- behind tin' facta end which constitute their Relationship
t" -.nli other " M.'Tlint M. LEWIS, in 'Introduction to Sociology. "
') Huxley nil f in debate with Gladstone Geneaii vs Science,
that when the latter mi thoroly beaten ho retreated under u cloud
of wor I".
QUESTIONS FOR INTRODUCTION.
1. What is the primary use of words
2. Why is the use of exactly the right word im
3. What is a definition .
4. How is tho universe governed?
5. Explain the difference between natural and
6. What is i In law of causation? (Give examples.)
7. Are mirai les possible?
H. Is it possible f or one to lie a "free moral agent"?
!. B what two method are phenomena explained?
Define static? Dynamic?
10. Wh;ii iv thi effeel of static education?
11. What is 'in advantage of dynamic mindodness .'
12. 'live illustration- other than the text of both
(Continued on page 4.)
So It was only natural that when the fall election drew near, the namo
of Harry Davis should nut thine all teh robt on tho political Job board. Hadn't
he boarded Bolshevism la Its dun and destroyed both Bolshevism and tho den?
And thon camo tho dm ax It just escaped bring an anti climax. The
Mayor's home was dynamited Just before the votes were cast. Some bombs
were found In a barn at least it was proved in court that they were found.
Tho Mayor walked back tu the city hail following the election with a
smiling confidence in the future. All fluxes were out of sight If uot entirely
Prophesy often prcves fatal to the prophet's reputation, but we with to
record a forecast here. Davis will be the next Governor of Ohio Realising
the full import if this statement and its lack of flattery of the intelligence
of Ohio workers, still we stand by it. And as soon aa he Is esconced in the
Oovernor's chair he will father some such state law to curb Labor as the
Kansas Court of Industrial Slavery. A cigar to you if it isn't to.
Beneath the sk-tch of Harry ' Ufa as it appears In the daily paper I
Stockholm. Mnr h in. mi. YudenUh. former commander of the Russian
northwest army, arrived here today on board a torpedo boat A dispatch
Feb. 27 said the government of Letvia had permitted Gen. Yudanltch and
some of his staff officers who had been interned tn proceed to Paris by way
of Libau 80, Yndenlch did NOT kill Bolshevism