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CLEVELAND, 0., FRIDAY, MARCH 26th 1920.
Address ail mail to
3207 Clark Ave., Cleveland, 0.
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SIDE LIGHTS ON ATLAN
A. L. Hitchcock.
This Institution maintained by the
Department of Justice! (save the
mark) created and run under the
ancient idea, of "An eye for an eye"
where such a thing as justice has no
part, should be hotter known to the
citizens of these United States.
An Institution where men are sent
under the, to the public, idea that
they will reform and come away
honest; where truth is a stranger,
where manhood is strangled, whero
the Judas is a priveleged person.
There are so many things to bo said
about this cess pool of civilization,
that a book will be required to re
cord it. So I am merely going to
hit a few of the high spots for this
time. First the name, Department of
Justice, is a misnomer; plenty of men
are doing time in that prison who
are only guilty of being poor, hun
dreds there had no chance to secure
justice, being railroaded thru the
courts for no other purpose than to
help cut the records of a struggling
and inefficient district attorney.
An Institution maintained at public
expense, where three criminals arc
made for every one set up. Where pub
lic moneys are spent, not to protect
the citizens from vicious men, but to
furnish jobs for political houchmen and
lame ducks, this is not so evident at
the prison, as in the army of those
who profit indirectly.
The brutalizing of men begins at
the very entrance, and it extends
thru-out the whole place. F.vcry ono
knows that to de-humani.o a man,
makes a brute out of him, so the
process of brutalizing the iumates al
so has the same effect on the offices.
Warden Zerbst poses as a philantro-
phist and upliftcr, but the majority of
the prisoners know him to be a bully,
whose favorite way of starting an
interview, is to take off his coat, lay
his gun on the desk and offer to
fight the defense'.ess man. Tf Cezar
Lnmbrcso could see the warden ho
would lie more confirmed than ever
in his theory of a criminal type.
Ofter the innocent wives and child
ren are mado to suffer for the sins of
the fathers. To the ordinary unthink
ing mind this is intended a doterrant
from crime; but in reality is an in
centive. For be it known that the
irstinct. of self preservation is tho do
minant r' eristic of all mankind,
pad tli."! ii and children aro
bound k . V' sj'his determination to
live, quito aSL leads to socal'cd
What is UiiSH
r, Art UM.of 1fi
Deputy Warden Oirdeau is another
poser, his being that of a christian
gentlemen. A more brutal scoundrel
vould be hard to find. To taunt men
who are in solitary on a bread and
water liet with the fine breakfast he
had this morning, is only one of his
stunts. Another was to chain men up
to the bars for days, until orders
from Washington put a stop to it.
When the good people of Atlanta rais
ed a row about the brutal whipping of
prisoners at City and County Prisons
tho Warden then said, If you think
there is whipping here now, you
hhoulc1 have seen it when Charlie Gi
ardeau was warden". With a bible in
his pocket and a hymn on his lips lie
"could consingn a man to tho "Hole"
on bread and water without a sign of
reason or a show of justice.
Holy Joe Sewell is another shining
light of this so cnllod place of re
form. With his corps of stool pigeons
(Tho lowest known form of animal
life), and the aid of numerous guards,
well armed with full grown clubs, ho
tells tho men, hoarded in the chaplo
whether they wish to hear or not,
about tho loving kindness of Jesus.
This panderer after Judas has tho
suprrine gnll to talk about being up
rirht and true, at the same time un
ablo to look a mnn in the face.
Thcso beauties cultivate a dual per
sonality; a nico suavo voice and man
ner towards tho free men and news
paper reporters; honey could not molt
in their mouth.
But what a difference in both voico
and manner when it is somo poor
unfortunate who has been framed .ip
on and sent to prison looking for a
Oreat stress is laid on religion, every
man being required to cttond Divine!
8cvice as conducted by such a chnr
nefer as the Chaplain is known to bo
by all the men.
Compulsory Church Attendance, is
clearly n violntion of the. Constitution,
especially in a Federal Institution, but
the mnjesty of the law gets no respect
from tho religious fnnntles liko Gl
nrndeau and Howell.
To onp tho whole thing, men nre re
quired to send away the clothes they
wear to the plnce. Then when their
time Is up. they are fitted out with nn
onMit that is tho last word in poo.
clot lies. Tho poor wretch who leaves
prison without friends mny very soon
bo fnreml to stenl to rniso funds, for
if he fnilo to get a new suit, and that
very soon ho will find himself arrost
cd for iudesent oxposuro.
s woman going
ren dr.? The ans these questions
is unquestionably; ' $ ust live, if not
by honorable means, then by what
ever means comes to hand.
Too often this leads to the "eas
iest way" in tno case or women
and girls, and to petty stealing in
the case of boys.
No matter what course is taken, the
result is the samo "CRIME". It is no
easy matter for a man incarcerated in
a penal institution to contemplate tha
results of his absence from home and
it tends to embitter him; he then
'vautj society to make amends for th j
terrible injustice done to his family.
For i risen officials to quote tho
figures cf the number of men who
ave reformed, is as misleading as all
the rest of their propaganda of job
Keeping. Thousands are scut up who
aro not criminals and never would be.
Thee are the reformed.
Now with three such beauties as
these at tho head of an Institution
how in the name of commonsenso can
any decent citizen except men to ro
formt In tho first placo the rules of tho
vintage of 1011 signed by Mr. McRc
nolds, are not enforced except who i
the officials wish to "ride" some one
who has incurred their displeasure
To be sure the rules could not be
tolerated in any penal institution these
clays, as they aro of an age when
mental as well as physical torture was
in vogue. But to be used on certain
men at exceptional times is brutal
ia the extreme.
Then there is the politician's mess
where favored ones have extra food
served, at the expense of the rest of
Some guards seem to be under tho
impression that it is incumbent on
them to resort to reporting men to
have them punished. One case of u
man being reported and punished for
having a murderous look in his eye.
Assault and murder have been commit
ted within the walls and no notice was
taken until guard Ackerman beat a
man on tho head so badly that it was
necessary to give him medical atten
tion at the hospital.
Al! persons who know anything at
all about psychology know that tho
creative instinct is very strong in the
normal man and to attempt to stiflo
that instinct is the very worst thing
that can be dono to him. So if reform
from wrong doing is tho aim of penal
institutions, then the encouraging of
the better side of this creative instinct
would be the logical thing to do.
How then would you, my reader,
j consider the action of deputy warden
fiirndenn, when he issued an order to
th" effect that any rings, trinkets or
boxes must not bo made under penalty
of punishment. There nre three times
as ninny men as there is work so that
tiaie could bo given every mnn to
make anything that would exercise his
Ono of the worst features of this
place is that of the warden nnd doc
tor, Bitting on tho parole h ird. Their
written report of tho eo,.duet And
physical condition of those applying
for parole is all that is required of
them. Numerous cases of men being
denied parole because of the hostility
of either the warden or doctor can
lie sited. The most glaring that enmo
to mv notice nnd will bo more fully
dealt with later wns that of David
Men are robbed of their Christmas
giftd and can get no relief although
tho rub's state that boohs and pnpers
can bo sent direct from tho publishers,
these arc often denied. Monks liko
"Mind Power" and selections from
Shakespeare hnve boon denied Admit
tance. Lntcr on I shall deal wPh th"o
matters In greater detail. Those state
ments may be denied hv tho wnrdeii
and his sycophants but denying them
dees not blot them out nnd I can
take oath as to their vernslty.
THE. tO YEARS
THE A. F. of L.'s LITTLE OLD MAN OF THE SEA.
"In this country ss ft decrepit little person called the Old Man of tho
Sea. He would mount the shoulders of an unsuspecting traveler and despite
all efforts to dislodge him, would remain there untill the traveller died o'
Sinhad the Sailor, in Arabian Nights.
NOT LEADING - JUST RIDING!
The latest event to bring Samuel Oompcrs, Presi
dent of the American Federation of Labor, into the
limelight is h'S pronounoinniAto against Union Labor
forming a political party. Samuel is still handing out
does of political nauseau labeled "reward your
friends, punish your enemies" with your ballot.
Samuel graduated from an ancient school of social
medicine, lie quit learning the day ho hung out his
shingle as a practictioner. He hasn't, even learned
that science hns olng ago discharged his old time
theories of social therapenutics. Samuel is a hard
learner. But then perhaps ono does not need to
learn in order to ride.
Not that we think Labor will mako any headway
with tho present organized Labor Party. On tho con
trary it can only make headway backwards. A
working clnss political party without a revolutionary
programe is about the most useless (to Labor) vehiclo
Labor can tio too.
We here wish to view tho Labor Party as r.n
expression of discontent in the rank and file of the
A. F. of L. We don't think Labor is going to allow
Sammy's medicine to tiekcl its throat this fall nor
any other time again. Tho present insurgency within
tho rnnkB of the A. P. of L. indicate thnt a new
physician will bo called in very soon. Tho fact that
tho patient refuses to take tho proscription is a cer
tain proof that he is growing rebellious. Hut that
of course will not prevent him calling in nnothor
quack as great as Sammy. He will probably try a
few others before ho finally comes out from under
the ether that has been administered to his nostrils
for lo, these many years.
Chaos confronts tho A. F. of L. Insurgency is rifo
within it. Every succeeding strike bears more and
more ti e character of a revolt against, tho methods
of conservative labor unionism. Harder and harder
tho workers stram upon tho leashes of the old rules
aud tho officials. With a growing rebelliousness, the
workers aro coming to view their present leaders as
part ami pared of tho huge maehiao which crushes
their hopes and stands between them and the reali
zation of their dreams.
The fires of Internationlism aro cracking tho
shell of craft unionism. It is breaking under tho
strain. The development of tho machine process has
taken from labor its craft character. The processes
of social production are constantly boating down the
barriers that heretoforo have enabled Labor to
segregate itself into craft groups. Capitalistic pro
duction processes are welding all of Labor into one
compact homogenuous mass with ono idea ono hope
nnd ono common aim Industrial Democracy, the con
trol by the producers of tho means of production.
Those who stand iu the way of tho rapid achievement
of those purposes are but blood sucking leeches,
blind loaders and enemies of the workers.
Snnuiel has sensed to lead. Ho merely rides,
.lust how long the ridden will consent to carry this
useless load remains to be seen, but it will not be
Miner Burned in Explosion
Gets Inhuman Treatment
BKLLAIKK, O. On Feb. 2fith. 1020,
Andrew Nedoma, age 47, employed nt
the Webhmino of the Cambria Coal
Co. wns horribly burned, when his
lump fell into n box containing pOWdCT,
resulted in an explosion. The on';
wonring apparel not burned from his
body consisted of n belt and a pair
of gum shoes. The state mining Inws
provide that the companies shnll keep
n sufficient supply of blankets aid
other first nid facilities. Yet not a
single blanket could be found to wrap
nrnund this unfortunate worker. An
overcoat was placed over his cooked
flesh, and in this condition he wns
taken to the surface. Ono blanket
wns found on tho outside of the mine,
and th in wns smeared with the blood of
the last victim crushed in the mine.
No first aid was rendered, nothing
wai done to relieve his suffering, not
oven sufficient coverings to keep the
biting frost from his burned flesh
untill he reached the hospital whero hi
was able to relate to his fellow work
era the story of how be suffered from
Ho wns in the hospital four days
when death relieved his suffering. His
chances of recovery from the moment
of the explosion wero very slight and
even these were swept nwny through
the negligence of the coal eompnny la
not living up to tho state mining laws
This is onlv one case out of thous
ands, whom human life is sacrificed
on the nltnr of profits. This Coal!
Lm. I 1 , g . . f . 11 I
ro. a man msn lor pnmn iciivp n
no time to provide the necessary equip
ment with which to render some ro
lef nnd comfort to the unfortunate
victims who's labour they exploit.
Tho mino committee report' d the
case to the Local Union, the result
whs thnt en tho day of the accident
not n pound of coal was hoisted nt the
bin mine which employes about six
hundred men. These workers turned
out in a body to pay their respects
to their fellow worker. And aa a
protest acninst tho inhuman treat
ment ho received at the hands of the
Coal Company. It wns a splendid ex
ample of solidarity. Tho miners lired
up at the City building in Bcllniro,
each one wearing an evergreen they
marched to the morguo when tho body
wns brought out every hat went off.
From the morguo they marched to the
grave. Mingled in tho long procession
were mnny nntionnlities, blended with
a goodly number of Americans, a spirit
of internationalism aeemed to pervade
the long line of march which wns
solemnised by two bands which fol
lowed tho remains to its last resting
plnce. As 1 marched my mind wandered
into the future nnd I fancied I eouM
see the workers of nil Industries united
together to bury tho corpse of Ike
outworn aystom of Capitalism that has
hinged the Uvea of million of tha
worlds usofull workers. While oven
some workers may believe such stato
of affair but a dream, who can
say that thia doom will not In tho near
future become a reality.
T. T. HOOK.
By Scott Nearing.
American universities and eoleges
aro engaged in a campaigu to raise
more than $200,000,000. Northwestern
is seeking $25,000,000,000; Pittsburgh
is asking for $16,000,000; Harvard 'or
$15,000,000; Princeton for $14.000.0, ),
and Cornell for $10,000,000. Boston
university, New York university, Ober
lin college, Bryan Mawr college, Mas
sachusetts Institute of Technology, and
some 60 other im-ritutionj of learning
are busy with campaigns to raise en
dowment funds, funds for buildings,
and above all, funds that will mal-e
possible an increase in salaries suf
ficient to offset the recent increa'-u
in the cost of living.
A common denominator appears ir
all of tho campaigns that have made
their appcranco in the daily press
that is an appeal to keep tho higher
educational institutions of the country
on B sane basis of law, order and
100 per cent .Americanism.
One estimate placed the number of
"Bolshevik" professors in American
colleges nnd universities at C.000. Using
ihis as a text, an appeal, circulate!
among the graduates of certain west
ern colleges centering about Chicago,
called attention to the fact that the
professors were turning radical, ani
had actually formed unions in a num
ber of the colleges because their nay
was lower, on the average, than that
of first class mechanics. If this si-
nation is to be met, the argument con
tinued, if the American institutions of
learning are to be kept true to their
traditions and saved from tho rad
icalism that yeas so noticeable a factor
in tho student life of Europe, the
prnfes: ors must be paid at least a
Thus, the ideas of the American
teaching profession aro to be subsi
dized, eased, assuaged and rectified
with plenty of the yellow metal which
has recently found 30 comfortable a
lodgement among manufacturers of
steel and producers of coal. If the
teachers have money enough, argue tha
saviors of America's higher learning,
they will cease to think; or, at any
rate, cease to express their ideas,
which amounts to tho samo thing in
the long run.
Suppose, for the sako of argument,
that there are 6.000 "reds" among
tho professors 6.000 who hold that
the present eoonomic system is cap
ablo of. decided improvement witWa
the presuit generation. Further, fftt
tho sake of argument, suppose that the
$200,0u().0!i0 for which the higher 'a
ditutions are asking would chargo
theso reds Into various shades from
pink to pure white. Who will give thij
The trades unions will not give it.
Somo of them hae large rescrva
funds, but there is no record of any
ono of them having been approached
by any of the colleges in question
Tho organized fnrmcrs will not givr,
it. The rank and file of their organ
: .aions is convinced thnt, in a demo
cracy the funds for education should
come out of the public, treasury.
Who, then, will givo the money?
Those who have it, of course the
manufacturers. merchants, brokers,
financiers, and somo of tho better paid
lawyers and doctors. Theso persons
have big funds of surplus at thoir dis
posal, nnd it is from them alone that
substantial results can bo obtained.
Northwestern university is after
$25,000,000. It would requiro 2.500.000
contributions of $10 each to raise this
amount, nnd tho overhead cost of rais
ing it would oat out the heart of tho
principal. Obviously, the vast sums
that are required by th. institutions of
higher looming enn be raised only in
comparatively large amounts con
tributions of thousands and tens of
thousands of dollars.
t tho timo that tho last published
income figures were compiled, thero
wero 4.12 662 persons in tho United
States who reported incomes of more
thnn $5,000 per yonr. If each of theso
persons gave $462, the institutions of
higher lenrning would have their $200.
000.000. Thero were, at tho anme time,
10,103 persons with Incomes of $50.
000 per year (millionnries).
Tf ench of these persons gave a
little more than $10,000, the sums
asked for would be raised. I every
person who received more than $5,000
per year should contribute to this fund,
.less than of 1 per cent of the
' population of tho United Stntes would
he contributors; if every person who
received more thnn $10,000 per year
contributed to tho fund, less thnn two
j tenths of 1 per cent of the popnlation
of the United Stntes would be on the
Hat. Kven If every person who reported
on Income of more than $3,000 a year
(160 per weck ahonld contribute, only
(Continued on page 4.)