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ONE YEAR I BUNDLE RATES i SIX MONTHS
75C. I $1.00 Per Hundred ' $1-50.
Address all mail and make all checks payable to
3207 Clark Ave., Cleveland, Ohio.
Entered as Second Class Matter, under the name of The Ohio
Socialist, February 21, 1917, at the Post Office at Cleveland, 0.,
Under Act of March 3, 1879.
EDITOR .Elmer T. Allison
Published Weekly by The Communist Labor Party of Ohio at
Telephone: Harvard 3639.
CLEVELAND, O, FRIDAY, APRIL 2nd 1920.
EDITORIAL & PARTY NEWS PAGE
Your Sins Have Found you out
There is an immense hue and :ty goiiij; up m the capitalist press about
the growing slackening of effort of the workers to pull the world out of the
hog in which it. wallows at the present time. Every paper and magazine finds
space between the advertisement to nudge labor in the rib and give it a
hunch that it ought to wake up a bit and exert itself somewhat more to the
satisfaction of the employers. T'-ey complain that labor is growing exceedingly
independent net to say impudeU. All respect for the boss and for work as
such seem to have disappeared. The cry for more product only meets with
.esentment which begins with s demand for mere wages and shorter hours
and ends in taking shorter hours whether they are granted or not. American
workers are le?rning to loaf at the expense of the boss.
In looking about fcr causes, we ascertain that the reports of hundreds
and thousands of per C3iit in profits reaped by practically every big industrial
onterpiise has iiad a large influence in dctemining the new attitude of the
worker toward work. "What's the use?" is a pertinent question which labor
is putting to capital and finds no ans.ver. To work and to merely exist while
the profits of employers mowit higher and higher is not an incentive to
sweat the more and grew more bent. So the laborer becomes a loafer as many
minutes during the day as seem advisable. His loafing is a silent protest
against exploitation. He knows something is radically wrong in industry. He
feels himself abused and exploited of some of his product. Also he is begin
ning to believo that he ought to have a word to say about conditions on the
Job. Not knowing the ieal remedy as yet, he follows the line of least resist
ance and takes a vacation on full time. Tho American worker will soon
cease to boast of the amount of his produce which has long been know to
exceed by far tho output of any other worker. Pride in his work has only
served to enrich his exploitor so what's the use of pride?
A striking contrast to this phenomena is that existing in the industries
of Russia under the management of the workers. A recent report of Geor;;e
Lansbury to the British vress rtatcs that since the workers took control of
Russian laud and industry a stupenduous change has taken place in their
attitude toward the job. A gnat wave of enthusiasm for work is in full
sweep there. Knowing that exploitation is no more, the workers respond wil-
ingly to the demands for the lanabilltation of Russian civil life, Much vulun-
tary work is performed by groups numbering into the thousands when some
special jobs need to bo accomplished. There are no slackers among Russian
workers. They aro working as free men work, not slavishly for an exploiter
tnd profit taker. The industry is theirs, the product is theirs, the Stats is
theirs. All that is in Russia belongs to the Russian workmen and peasants
The Russian Bolsheusts, damned by capitalists and exploiters, have solved
the problem of hew to keep the interest of the worker in his work. When
will American workers leant the lesson? Thay at least are learning to pro
uounce the letters of the first word of that lesson which spell EMAN
Striding Toward the Left
The German revolutionists continue their strides toward the Left. With
every swing of the pendulum in that great drama the pulse of millions of
Communists beat higher or lowci as the temper of the masses records tendenc
ies toward absolute "self determination' ' by the working class cf all govern
mental functions or toward compromise with the reforn ditto and pseudo
So far, thero are string indicatious that the " dictatorship of the pro
letariat" must be the final outcome. The communists have shown no evideuro
cf a retreat from this principle. The agreement to Oftll off the general striko
was based upon the government's promise to fulfill the demands of the com
munists for socialization of industry and worker's control. Upon that basis
the Bauer cabinet was seated. Within a few hrurs it was seen that there
was no intention o;i the part o." the government to fulfill its agreement with
tho workers and Mic caoinot wai forced to immediately resign.
Fighting for control r.f the strategic points industrial centers aid food
routes continues. The communists are holding en tn thoir guns and all that
hose guns have won for them la the past two weeks fighting. From the
reports current there is no evidence of a weakening oither morally or fron. a
military stand point of the forces of Communism.
In the meaulive Karl Legion, head of German trades unionism appears
as a probable now leader of the revolutionary forces. Whether Communism
triuphs immediately in Germany or not, we know that the power of tho
reactionaries is broken forever. Tho actual rule or tho workers in Industry
is bound to result. Upon that basis the new Gormany will ariso as tho new
Russia has risen upon a like foundation and as whole new world will be
erected in tho Hot far distant future.
On with the Resolution!
OUT OF JAIL AND ON THE JOB.
I like "Tho Toiler" and tho stand
it is tnking on tho different questions
regarding the class-struggle.
My first acquaintance with "Tho
Toiler" was mado in Leavenworth
Ponnitcntiary were I spent a year
as a guest of tho most Democratic
Government of this glorious republic.
But the cure turnod out to bo a
failnro. I don't love tho capitalist
system any more now than I did
before and I am firmly determined to
carry on the fight for Industrial Dem
ocracy. I think the day is not far off when
our efforts shall be rowarded. The
"Misters" are getting dosperato and
that is proof of their weakness.
I am literature agent for the Scan
dinavian Socialist Club here In Salt
Lake and as thore is no other radical
organization doing anything I thought
I would try to take a fow copies of
"The Toiler" each wcok to distribute
amongst my friends. Later on I would
have moro chanco to got subs. So
if you will send mo 5 copies a week
to start with T shall do my best to
With best wishes to all comrades
from the Wild West.
Yours fo; freedom
Comrades Hicks and Gregory of
Cincinnati aro still teaming it to
gether for subs. Two more they add
to tbelr already long list.
Another sub card purchaser r com
rado Estiier Markizon of Wilmington
Del. She also chooses Lenin ns premium.
Proletarian Science History
By W. B. REYNOLDS.
An economic interpretation of history especially arranged for use as a
text-book for study classes, or for home study
Copyright 1920. By W. E. K.
CHART FOR CHAPTER TWO.
THE ROAD TO HAPPINESS.
Happiness may bo defined as a state of being wherein
there is an excess of pleasure? over pain or discomfort.
Progress, mastery of natural phenomena for human
Dynamic Action, Employment of intellectual means of
activity to achieve progress.
Dynamic Opinion, Correct views of the relation of man
to the universe.
Knowledge, Acquaintance with environment.
Education, Distribution of.' extant knowledge.
Knowledge creates opinions.
Opinions cause action (or inaction).
Correct Action brings progress.
Progress brings happiness.
THE RAOD TO HAPPINESS.
Lester P. Ward, in the first volume of "Dynamic
Sociologv," maintains that "intelligent mind FORTI
FIED WITH KNOWLEDGE is the only reliable form of
directive force. The only proper knowledge for this pur
pose is that which can be acquired of the materials and
forces of nature. As ir is the utilization, of these
which alone can secure the end sought, so tho
knowledge of those is the prime necessity
in the exercise of a directive control over
human zeal for the improvement of mankind. Hence the
diffusion of this kind of knowledge among the masses
of mankind is the ONLY HOPE we have of securing any
greater social progress than that which nature itself
vouchsafes through its own process of selection."
"The knowledge referred to is just that which is em
braced in the word SCIENCE, and the diffusion of it
is the process which goes by the name of EDUCATION.
Therefore the first element of a trulv progressive system
is POPULAR SCIENTIFIC EDUCATION."
Those who understand the forces of their environ
ment aro naturally more adaptable to changes in their
environmental conditions, hence more progressive.
Most of the opinions held by the mass of mankind are
based upon belief rather than science, and most of them
Progress is not the natural state of affairs. The bulk
of mankind is non-progressive. Progress is forced by
The development of civilization depended1 upon
man's ability to understand the forces of nature and
utilize them for his own benefit. Natural forces, such as
the wind, rain and tides, electrical forces, steam, gas, in
short all the laws of physics and chemistry had to be
mastered by man before progress was possible. BEFORE
man mastered thern he i?as the plaything of the elements.
The fecundity of the race forced man to learn the
use of the forces of nature. He used the wind to pump
water for him and to turn his mills and send his ships
across the waves. He used waterpower to run his machin
ery, to generate electrical energy and to irrigate the
desert. All of man's progress is inherent, in his ability to
USE natural forces. He HAD to make himself master or
he made a victim of these same forces.
Our progress in the social world has not kept pace
with our progress in the industrial world. In the in
dustrial world we work from causes to effect, while in
the social world the tendency is to tinker with effects
while ignoring causes. Social reformers usually work at
iheroof instead of the foundation of the social structure.
Ha.ppiness is that state of being wherin there is an
excess of pleasure or enjoyment over pain or discomfort.
The cause of human activity is to be found in man's
straggle for happiness or self-gratification.
Hapiness can not be secured without PROGRESS
Progress can ot be secured without ACTION.
Action can not be secured without OPINION.
Opinion rests noon knowledge, which is information,
correct or incorrect.
Kdiicafion is ; ,'ilnit iwii of knowledge.
CORRECT EDUCATION scientific knowledge, is
necessary in order that CORKECT OPINIONS may bo
Correct opinions will necessitate CORRECT AC
TION and progress will be the result.
Faulty education results in incorrect opinions which
transmute themselves into the wrong kind of activity
and an inhibition of progress is the result.
The prevailing opinions held concerning intellect
and intelligence may be cited as an example of how
wrong opinions produce wrong activity which makes
progress difficult if not impossible.
It is a generally Hcceptcd opinion that the "workers
aro poor becamee of a lack of brains.") The acceptance
of thus opinion leads to a condition of despondency that
greatly interferes with action. If action is taken it is
a biological problem and meets with discouragement at
the very start.
It 13 not intellectual capacity which is lacking; it is
Intellect is mental power.
Knowledge is I'doo for intellect.
Intelligence is intellect supplied with knowledge.
Those who desire progress should work for an increase
:n intcllif ence through the spread of knowledge.
) This opinion is well illustrated by a quotation from a noted
college profosfor, David 8t:irr Jordan, who said, "The man with the
hoo is not ignorant became be is poor; he is poor beenuse ho Is
ignorat t. ' '
") Tint question is elaborated upon in detail in "Not Guilty"
by Robort Blstchford.
Action depends upon opinion, and the VALUE of
action depends upon the correctness of the opinion and
the importance of its subject-matter.
Loskr 1"'. Ward, in volume two of "Dynamic So
ciology," gives an excellent example of the effect of
opinions producing progressive or non-progressive ac
tion; "First in order to live the most advantageous way,
sound views of the material universe must prevail. So
long as man's conceptions of the univesre are erroneous
he will pursue a wayward if not a downward course. If
they are too narrow and lie believes that all existing
things are within the range of his vision, his conduct
will be correspondingly narrowed."
"If he believes the world of short duration, both in
the past and in the fort are, this too will dwarf all his
understandings and make an end to progress."
"If he legards nature as consisting' of a multitude
of animated powers impending over him, he will wast-'
all his energies in cooking to propitiate these powers,
if ho deems them evil, tenor will demoralize him and
make life a burden."
"If he conceives the universe to be watched over by
beneficent powers, ho will be apt to resign all initiative
effort to them, and relapse into a condition of complete
stagnation. ' '
Tod ay, in spite of all the advancement made bv
modern science, the opinions of the great majority of
mankind, "conceive the .miverse to be watched over by
beneficent powers", with tho inevitable result of the
people praying to these powers for assistance in righting
their wrongs instead of engaging in an active campaign
to help themselves.
QUESTIONS FOE CHAPTER TWO.
1. Name the first element of a truly progressive system.
2. What is the source of correct information''
3. What is education?
4. What advantages have those who understand the forces of
5. Explain the difference between belief and science.
6. Is mankind naturally progressive?
7. What compels progress?
8. Upon what does the development of civilization depend?
9. Wnat great law of evolution compels man to utilize the forces
10. If man is compelled to utilize these forces, is "freedom of the
will ' a fact?
11. Name the road to happiness? What is happiness?
12. Give by ex.-.mple other than the text the result of mis-education
33. Define intellect and intelligence and explain the difference
14. Upon what does the value of action depend'
15. Does tho working-clas: hck intellectual capacity?
16. Of what specific use are sound views of the universe''
il' ?at is 016 inevitab' "suit of too narrow view of the universe''
KhoS SeraSal tend?nCy f the Wh beUeve the world
19. What is tho social effect of the individual belief in a personal
2" community?151" f mmS PininS hcld and taught
(Continued next week.)
Mr. Block and the Profiteers is still
on the market and doing its share of
agitation. Comrade J. M, Scott of Now
Loxingtown, O. has put a bunch to
We acknowledge receipt of $1.00 for
the defense fund and an order for the
half price booklets from comrade Mist
Antonia Itornik of Xeffs Ohio.
You tan start now with an order
for Number one and two of the Toiler
Educational Leaflet Series. Oct busy
that's not all but it's a mighty good
Beats all how the subs come iu
when the Toiler Boosters step out
after them. Here's comrade lluebner
of Springfield in with a list totaling
$10.f0. And he has done it before end
intends doing it again. Watch him.
Five hundred Toilers were distrib
uted among the miners at their con
vention at West Brownsville, Pa., Ap
ril 1st. Comrade Asenat was on the
Order a hundred of tho Russian
"Labor Code'', 60c. Show the work
ers in your shop how industry Is
carried on in Russia while tho workers
Pre rcbuihiins the industries.
This leads us to suggest that every
union Red carry a supply of Montal
Dynamite to every meeting of union
mm and women. We'll warrant results
will be more than satisfactory all
We also suggest that Soviet Ifua
fia'.s Labor Code and Strangling Amer
ican Workers are tho best for these
Five yearlics from comrade Green
"! Moline are among late arrivals.
Naturally enough he asks for the
premium, Lenin the Man and His
W e note- two suhs. from oonuado
Vanderoest of Kalamazoo. Staying with
And comrade A. C. Palmer of Ka!
amazoo does the snir.c.
Local Toledo orders .r00 Slander of
the Toilers. And that reminds us that
the Slanders are nearly gone, so fait
have the orders for them come in.
P it if yOtl hurry we may be able to
fill VOOT order for this splendid littlo
Five ycarlies arrived last week
from somrade Svkes of Canton.
Many, many comrades continue to
remit for trial subs, for their frien Is,
But some do even better, they remit
for several at a time, Among those
latter is comrade C. E. Guthrie of
'Trii hsville who sends in two yearlll .
with his renewal. Boosting, YES.
Comrade Malmitrom of Moline sea ls
in S6.00 worth of newoncs, and calls
for a package of pamphlets for a
Sixs dollar! for Toiler sub cards and
10O copis for distribution is an or
der coining from comrade W. Frede
rick of Belleville 111.
A nice ist of subs, amounting to
$5.50 arrived from Martins Ferry Inst
week. Comrade Fred White is the
rustler of these. And we judge by his
letter that he will continue on the job.
Comrade Chancy of Millersburg, O.,
lendi in two new subs.
Pose Farm Ohio is a new town on
our Hst. Thanks to three comrades
The Toiler Booster Club idea is
growing. A new one has sprung up at
Yonngitown. One of its first jobs was
to round up four renewals anil a new
"ii". There is room for a Toiler Booster
Club in every (own and citv in the
country. Why not organize ono
Two subs, a literature order and
tOc for the Cartoon account arrives
from comrade D. G. Berg of Bellaire
Seven subscription! and an order
f"f "Slanders'' nre amoung the past
week 'l receipt!. Comrade T. B. Mor
gan of Moline is tho guilty Red.
Sandusky eonirads nre on tho job
M a remittance of $10.7;" from com
rade Lit! provos. Its for Toiler press
stamps, and vnrious othor items. Attivo
Our Coraopolis Pa., list is growing
nicely. Comrade Fazio os rospnnaibb.
ilis latest list consisted of three.
We sold more literature week before
last th'ui tho week before that. We
old move last week than week hefON
last and wo sold more this week than
Likewise will wo cell more n' t
wcok than this and the following week
an! weeks still more IF YOU GET
ON THE JOB. How about it, com
A fow of Skygae'i; little punches
brings us a new subscriber from Charl
eston, Wash. Comrade E. E. Martin
heartily upproves of Skygnc.
Th" tiress fund uiu n tnn. ki.
wcck trout comrade Mrs Sarah Kohror.
Two dollars she sends us thru com-
Six more yonrlioa from Christopher.
No. Christonher is tint ui. .
town in HI. And it looks like every
man there will eventually be on our
MKiumg lift., (.omr.nio staples is respon
sible for this last half dozen.
Comrades continue to remit for Toil
Mr sub eirdl and thus got Mme fre3
books and pamphlets. Comrade James
of randall is among the latest to
take ndvnntngo of our generous offor.
A comrade nt Dayton remits $2 00
"i,(ui iu sign nil
name to the letter. Thanks comrade.