Newspaper Page Text
ONE YEAR I BUNDLE RATES SIX MONTHS
$1.50. I $1.00 Per Hundred I 75c.
Address all mail and make all checks payable to
3207 Clark Ave., Cleveland, Ohio.
Entered as Second Class Matter, under the name of The Ohio
Socialist, February 21, 1917, at the Post Office at Cleveland, 0.,
Under Act of March 3, 1879.
EDITOR . .Elmer T. Allison
Published Weekly by The Communist Labor Party of Ohio at
Telephone: Harvard 3639.
CLEVELAND, 0., FRIDAY 9th 1920.
EDITORIAL & PARTY NEWS PAGE
The Lesson of Albany
By a singular circumstance the farce "trial' of the five socialist
assemblymen at Albany came to a conclusion on All Fools' Day. It is fitting
that The final conclusion of this travesty on justice and representative gov
ernment received such a 3ittiug. It also happens that the vote of the wily
members of the Assembly upon the seating of the socialists was set for ono
day after the last day upon which the Governor could legaiy call a special
election to fill their seats wr .e they found guilty of the charges against them, i
thus precluding their reelection at the hands of an outraged constituency I
a? was true in the Berger case. The "trial" ended as planned. The frame up
worked like a charm.
It is folly feel remorseful at this blow directed at the principel of
representative government. Bather may we feel grateful that the hand of the
"buccaneers has been brought into view and the class character of capitalist
government shown up 80 glaringly.
While we would LIKE to nee that principel embedded in the foundation
of the government so deeply that by no means could it be pried lose by the
capitalist conspirators, we realize that government is a class institution
erected in the interests of one class and against the interests of all othor
classes. This is as true of the government of the United States as of auy
monarchy, the uselessness of remorse becomes at once apparent. Whatever
was intended of the provisions of the Constitution 140 years ago, its inter
pretation has passed under control of the capitalist class. So whatever be Its
interpretations, they are but in conformity with the needs of capitalism. The
henchmen of capitalism at Albany sensed danger in the election of socialists to
eats in the sacred body of the State Assembly. As a result a scaffold was
at once erected upon which the socialists and apparently the Socialist Party
as well were at onco strung up.
The department of the socialists and their attorneys during the pro
ceedings was any thing but calculated to strengthen their position before the
court of last resort the working class, whatever their conduct was calculated
to win at the hands of the judges. Apparently the Socialist Party lost sight
of the larger jury in its desire to win the approval of the one sitting at Al
bany. They sacrificed the last of their revolutionary tenets for the sake of
their seats. They attempted to barter their revolutionary soul for a mess of
pottage and didn't get it.
Since the trial began the gaze of the workingclass of America has been
riveted upon it. For upon its outcome depended to a great degree the im
mediate future development of a working class tactic. The radical, "red"
element of Labor has been pointing out the uselessness of parliamentary action
by thu working class to achieve its emancipation. And now the capitalist class
in solmn conclavo prove beyond contradiction all its claims! It has been
teaching that the present State is a machine for the perpetuation of capitalism
and could not be used for the production of any thing else even tho tho
workers should be successful at the elections. The Albany trial has proved it.
The lack of revolutionary Jttitude of the socialists at the trial coupled
with the utter disregard of the principles of representative government by tho
persecutors will have a tremendous effect upon the minds of American woriien
who have been schooled in faith in the SOcalled freedom of the ballo t, re
presentative government otc. They must new swing to the Left for their
is nowhere else they can go. Had tho Socialist Party shown the revolutionary
intogrity which a working class party must have tc lead the working class
out of bondage it would have come out of the fray with at least a moral
victory to its credit.
With its loadorhsip at stake, in fact its whole future as a proletarian
party it played for small stakes, played out its whole hand for five paltry
soats in the New Ycrk Assembly and lost.
The Albany trial marks a milestone on the long road the workers ha.vo
trod toward the New t y. It will be easier going now with Albany behind and
showing the way- I , action oil the industrial field.
More Punch and Judy
Tho stage is being set for another grand stand play for the benefit of
Henry Dubb and his sister Henrietta. A complete paraphernalia of deception
is boing erected. From colored lights, villians, gay decievers, platidnnious raor
alizers, jokesters, climaxes wherein the heroine, the dear "public" is saved
from immediate and violent rape, the whole fake sitting is being put together
and herildod in the capitalist press as the last word in "good govern
ment" that is to be seen on the stago of prosent day life.
We refer to the latest war that which has (maybe) been declared upon
high rents. Doubtless it is presumed that Henry has forgotten all about the
success of tho groat war upon the high cost of living which was declared by
President Wilson and a retinue of political parrots from the Whltehouse down
to the village dog catchers some six months ago. Henry has not won the re
putation of having a profound memory. The same old gag revarnished oc
cassionally, will sorve over and over again to entertain him and keep his
mentality from serious things, such as his own Interests for instance.
The extend of Henry's gullibity is unlimited. This fact Is well under
stood by all politicians. It is their reliance when they face their constituents
Just previous to election. If it were not for Henry's enormous ability to fool
himself and be fooled such problems as "high rents and high cost of living"
would never be. If Henry was gifted with horsesenso, he would see to it that
the houses of the nation belonged to the builders and useful producers in
stead of speculators. That would settle tho question of "rents". A nation of
renters is a nation of Henry Dubbs who havo sold their birthright for the
privilege of being flattered by the political benchmeu of Henry's exploiters.
Oue would think to road the dally prose that the entire aramament of
the nation was being bronght into play against the renters of the shacks and
warrens in which Henry "lives'', procreates and rots. All this sound and fury
have a hollow eho to any ono acustomed tc uso their heads for else than a
hat rack. It will soon pass away leaving ouiptincss and a few million gaping
Henry's In its wake. That will be the not result oxcept that addit.onal proof
will be had that Henry is still asleep. Having suceoded to such an amacinj
extend in reducing the high cist of living, same crew of charlatans now
Proletarian Science History
By W. E. BEYNOLDS.
An economic interpretation of history especially arranged for use as a
text-book for study classes, or for home study.
Copyright 1920. By W. E R.
chart for chapter hi.
epochs op history according to
E t'II tntbepretation.
THE THREE GREAT
CONCEPTS OR THEOLOGICAL
CREATION TO FLOOP
FI.OOI) TO CHRIST
CHRIST TO PRESENT DAY,
A eonccipt of history is am interpretation of history
from a certain point of view. The point of view is gen
erally determined by the material interests of the
There are three great concepts of history, Theo
logical, Ideological and Scientific.
The Theological concept is the oldest interpretation
of the happenings of history, and is based upon tho
assumption that everything happens in accordance with
the Will of a Creator. This concept like every thing else
in the universe has been subject to Evolutionary process.
During the childhood of the race, when the minds of
men were undeveloped, when none but the simplest ideas
could be grasped, man had many gods, each of whom
could do but one thing. Thus we find them worshiping
gods of fire, winds, thunder, storms, smoke, water, etc.
Later as their mental abilities developed they increased
the abilities of their gods, and thereby reduced their
number, until eventually a concept of Deity was evolved
which embodied in itself all the god of Ancient Poly
theism. In other words instoa'd of a concept of many gods,
each of whom could do a single thing, they evolved a
concept of a single god who could do many things, even
vually a god all-wise and all-powerful who could do ALL
This concept carried within itself a fatal contra
diction. A god of perfect good could not he the author
of evil, so it became necessary to evolve another god,
the author of evil. Today in the theological world we
find a duality of gods, a good god, author of all benct'i
cience and a "bad" god, author of all evil, called Devil.
Those who subscribe to the Theological concept of
history are inconsistent, for instead of blaming their
self-made devil for the evils which afflict them, they
bJamo each other and build jails and penitentiaries to
hold those who in their opinion have gone contrary
to the Divine Will.
The Ideological conception of history, often referred
to as the "Great Man Theory" teaches that in each
generation great men are bora into the world who by the
sheer force of their greatness and personality cause
great changes to come into the world which makes for
human betterment. This theory is the basis of the Hero
Worship of to-day. It carries within itself several contra
dictions, fcr if great men are born who influence the
course of history for good, then it is but logical that
there are those born who influence it for evil. This is the
basis for assassinations, the assassin laboring under the
delusion that he is removing an evil from the world.
Another contradiction is, that if great men influence
ihe world for good, other equally great men can influence
it for evil, thus the influence of the one would be
canceled by the other and progress would be imposs'blc.
All reasoning, if such it may be called, of most of
current fiction, some aeroionizers and most public lec
turers and librarians are based upon an assumption of
the correctness of the great man theory.
The Ideological Concept of history is taught in the
public schools. The Theological Concept is taught in the
Sunday Schools, yet there are thousands of grade school
teachers who teach in the public schools on week days
Prom the Ideological concept and in the Sunday Schools
from the Theological Concept, and never notice the
The Scientific Interpretation of history, generally
known as the Materialist Conception of History, teaches
that changes in social structure are due to changes of
method in the acquisition of the necessities of life.
According to the Theological Concept, Gods cause
According to the Ideological Concept, Great Men
According to tho Scientific Concept, changes in the
the methods of production cause changes in the social
mount the stage for another Punch and Judy show the same andienc an
plauds the slapstick, makebolieve. It '.hinks that sure onough, by some
mysterious legerdsmain a great chanRe is to take immediate effect and a
tiny hit of the heavy load of existence will be lifted from its bent spine.
Listen, Jlonry, there's a "nigger in the wood pile". While you aro
gaping In wonder at the promises of tho politicians to make life habitable
for you, depending upon thon to create conditions decont for you you are
forgetting to rely upon yourself, forgetting that no power on earth nor In
Heaven but your own organized power as a class can make tbir. a fit world
for the workers.
And when you forget that fact you are lost. The workers havo the
power, then me It. Throw the exploiters off your backs. Take the world and
all that's in it and ina'ce it fit for human bo ngs. Make it impossible for an
exploiter to live.
"One stroke of thy strong arm, 0, Labor".
The clearest statement of the Materialist Conception
of History that has come to the notice of the authors is
that found on page 707 the Communist Manifesto by
Marx and Engels. (Kerr Edition.)
"In eveiy historical epoch, the prevailing mode of
economic production and exchange, and the social organ
ization necessarily following from it, form the basis upon
which is built up, and from which alone can be explain
ed, the political and intellectual history of that epoch ."
An epOeh of history is a division of historical time
based upon tho length of time any given historical
phenomenon lasts M
Each interpretation of history has its own divisions
Of historical epochs, The Theological Interpretation
divides historical time into three great epochs as follows:
from Creation to the flood, from the flood to the birth
of Christ and from Christ to the present day. We still
use the Theological interpretation in our measurement
The Ideological interpretation divides historical
time into three great epochs, Ancient, Mediaeval, and
The Scientific Interpretation also divides historical
time into three great epochs, Savagery, Barbarism and
) The International Geological Congress adopted the following
time scale: 3
"One of the most striking differences between human ami
geologic history is the extreme brevity of one us compared with the
vast tune represented by the other. Human history is to be measured
by some thousands of yean while geologic historv must be measured
by at least tens of millions of years.
A recent event, geologically speaking;, like that of the building
nt the coast range mountains, or the carving out of a tremendous
canyon hke the Grand Canyon of the Colorado in Arizona, required
hundreds of thousands if not a few millions, of years " W I MiH-
In "Introduction to Historical Geology."
Human history begins with the AGE of lower savagery
Lower Savagery was an EPOCH in the Plioc PERIOD of tuc
L-CU07.O1C Till A,
For a hart showing the main divisions of geologic time see'
CHART OF GEOLOGIC ERAS AND PERIODS
1. Archeozoic Era. Archian
-' Proterozoic Era.. Algonkian period
i. Paleozoic Era
4. Mesozoic Era
5. Cenozoic Era
The names of Eras follow a definite plan, depending upon the
great life stages. Thus Archeozoic means literally, primitive or begiu
ning life; Proterozoic means "earlier or less primitive life"; Mesozoic
means "intermdiate life" and Cenozoic means "recent life". The
period uames do not follow such a definite plan but are usually named
after some place or location. Human life did not appear until the
QUESTIONS FOE CHAPTER THREE.
1. What is meant by a concept of historyt
2. What generally determines the point of view of a historianf
8. What are the three great concepts of history
I. Which concept of history is the oldest?
5. On what assumption is it based?
0, Did Gods make men or did men make Gods?
7. Ar;- thero any exceptions to the Law of Evolution?
8. What was tho state of man's mind during the infancy of the
Mention some of the contradictions in the Theological Concept.
Explain tho Ideological Concept of History.
What is the basis of Hero-Worship? Assassinations f
Name the inherent contradictions of the Ideological Concept.
What sources of nubile information persistently teach the
Ideologic Concept of History ? Why?
Why do the grade teachers not see the contradiction of con
What is meant by the Scientific-Interpretation of History?
By what other name is it known?
Upon what natural factl is it based?
in what book may it be found clearly stated?
What is mennt by an historical epoch? Illustrnte by example.
How does each concept of history divide historical time?
(Continued next week)
A r,.l.,.l wrl tos Thi Co. will not
. . ...... - - - - -
nnoi-nin fnv 1st. we are coinc to
celebrate. And wo say thnt even the
dummest worker should come to hie OK
May 1st and celebrate the Rn- in
victories over Capitalism, lis tru
thore is little to celebrate in the U.
S. but there may be.
If you havo to work May 1st
an sonaro yourself by giving thai
day's wages to tho Movement.
Annthnr rnmr.ido writes. "Enclosed
r.rwl .t 0(1 for suh cards. I have bOD
out of a job for six months on re
count of too mucn gnu." vo presume.
c was prone to discuss the interests
of tho workers instead of those nt'
ii lin:s nil of which was very dis
pleasing to him, so the capitalist die-
t .-.torsiiip was inonglit lino piay. nui.
this order proves that it takes more
than one shot to will a BKD.
measely dollar. Robert Dodge of Ports
mouth is one of many comrades who
see it that way. Ho sends a sub. also.
Up in Canada there is a Toiler
I -iter too. Comrade Iverson of Bawlf,
Alberta sends $5.00 worth of ubs. and
Ijets a premium.
The Youngstown Toiler Boosters are
making headway. A little effort on tho
pi n of a few netted $10.50 worth of
nbl. And we aro promised that nil
the energies of those comrades aro not
UMfl up in OttC day either. Another try
;- s In ilnlcd, in fact many of them.
Trent? one subscriptions wero re
BOived from Local Ashtabula last week.
And a miner writes this warning,
'A miner's stomache can not bo fil
ed with promises". No, nnd they will
refute to "eat grass" ns the workers
of France were admonished to (In be
"ore the Revolution.
Comrade Phillips rounded up 5 sub
scribers last week. All of Adena, O.
Wo record with pleasure tho rocoipt
i yearllea from comrade Sehmid
Like Witfl do we record the six year-
lies irom comruuo C'nrter of Wako
mnn. Oommdf llinton of Akron, is on tho
joh agnin. This time with a list of
Comradl Chapman of Toledo is
uroimd agnin for more litcrntiiro Mam
inms for the sub enrds he is selling.
Munv comrades aro building stibstnnt
ial libraries in this manner. You can
Isn't that handy A half price coin
liin.it ion of 8 pamphlets and 35 aopttl
i Slander ol the Toilers all for .hi.'
Yours for a Red '.lormnny, writes
comruuo menu, wo don't know
there is a connection between
Irish and the 8.00 worth of subs
semis us or not. Perhaps there is
miner unnK so.
Comrade Mnxwel'. of Sandusky remits
for threo subs, this week.
Oomridl Pries of Lorain finds a wav
to redeem himself for neglect in send
ing in his renewal. He ge.a six moro.
Cnn you beat Itl