Newspaper Page Text
APPEAL FOR MEDICAL SUPPLIES FOR RUSSIA.
onntrv directtly touched scs, and the lack of physicians and
la everv c
by the war, hunger, deprivation, and
disease have demanded, and are still
demanding their terrible toll. Tuber
culosis and syphilis, typhoid and small
pox, iufluen i and a host of othor
diseases that are the direct outcome
of malnutrition and actual stavation
have decimat"d the populations of the
Of all the nations none have suf
fered more from the ravages of dis-
.., Ruiin Under the regime of
(he Czar there was practically no pu
1.1 J Din I f i4 1 1 in . PuMio welfare ami
public health were ignored. The atten
tion of cverv part of this most corrupt
of all governmental machines wax con
eentrated upon its police and military
organizations. There had never been an
organized effort to ooml.at the unclean
r,A n.nnitlii Kvinff conditions of the
great masses. The public at lare was
suffered to remain in ignorance of
che most elementary rules of sanitat
ion. The war served to aggravate already
unbearable conditions. It broke down
Ihe weak industrial and commercial
structure and added hunger and want
to the sufferings of the nation. When
theMarch revolution came, and the
soldiers broke their ranks and by
one common impulse moved homeward,
thoy carried with them the diseases
with which the Russian Army was af
flicted. Tuberculosis, svphilis, typhus
and cholera raged everywhere. The
spirit of hunger went stalking through
the land, and its path was strewn with
the bodies of sick and starving child
ren. Medicines were scarce and so
high in price that only the wealthy
could afford the luxury of medical
care. Purine the first months of the
nnlahavtat MiHinfl matters went from
bad to worse. The physicians, in
body, belonging as they did to the
bourgeois sabotaged the revolution by
refusing to attend to the sick, the dis
abled and the invalid The few wtio
remained at their posts, were hampered
on everv hand bv the entire lack of
In the face of these seemingly in
surmountable difficulties, in the midst
of a period of industrial reconstruction
such as the world has never seen, in
spite of a blody struggle against usurp
ers and invaders on every' side, the
Russian Soviet Republic has built up
i system of health control and public
welfare that may well serve as an ex
ample to the progressive and democrat
ic governments of Europe and America.
Before this new Svstem of medical
relief could be put into effect, how
ever, the peculiarites of the old class
society had to be destroyed. There
were for instance, the difference in
price for medical attention, the gTeat
variety in the character of hospitals
and clinics for the rich and the poor
there was the gamble in medicine for spe
culation. Above all, the abysmal ignor
ance of the people of the simplest
health measures; The crowded quarters
ses, and the lack of physicians and nurses
gainst all of these, Soviet Russia
through its public health and public
welfare agencies waged relentless wel
fare. All apparatus for the care and
treatment of the sick. Maimed, invalid
and deformed were immediately placed
tinder the control of the Soviet De
partment of Health. They imposed
upon those who were economically in
dependent by virtue of the social po
sition and wealth the dntv of helping
the poor, not as an act of charity, but
as a right that they owed to those
who produced the comforts they were
enjoyiug. An inventory of the entire
medical resources of the country was
made and the scanty supplies
distributed to the numerous medical
centers established in every corner of
the land. Physicians have been placed
under the direct control of the govern
ment and are assigned to their patients
as they apply to the health center for
medical assistance. As the number of
physicians is entirely inadequate to
m i -e
care lor tlie enormous number 01 siciv
and suffering large bodies of intel
ligent men and women have been
trained to act as assistants under tho
direction of the physicians in charge
of the cases, rendering valuable assist
ance, and materially increasing the ef
ficiency of the medical staff.
school hygicDe. It is intended that a
Central Institute of Health will be
the supreme controlling and scientific
authority of the Soviet Republic in
the domain of hygiene, epidemiology
Never before have the working peo
ple participated so wholeheartedly and
so enthusiastically in the reconstriu
tion of their life as they do now.
Whatever the hospital person require
is supplied for their, by the Trad 3
T nions to which all workers mui-t
belong. At the meeting of these, the
chief of the h"spital is chosen aul
all orders and demands filled. There
is a sub-department of the Health
Commissariat where the doctors come
together and discuss the various health
nroblesis. Special committees of the
Trade Unions decide upon the dif
ferent sanitary rules and regulations.
The whole structure is like a pyramid
broad at the base and tapering to an
apex: it extends from the Cominis
sariat to the health departments of
the village Soviets; it ccntrols ail
tvahable medical apparatus controls
hospitals and takes care of
Equally, even more important than
this medical service is the campaign
of disease prevention that has been
carried on. Lecture on public and per
sonal sanitation arc held everywhere.
Tons of literature, treating these ques
tions in simple language have been
distributed. Tn the cities the sanitary
inspection of the houses has been in
troduced. Epidemics have been check
ed by the rigorous fumigation of hous
es where cases of illness oecurcd. Vac
cination was made compulsory an ac
complishment that only those who
know the superstitious nature of the
uneducated Russian can fully appre
iate. For the first time strong efforts are
made to increase sanitation. The streets
of l'etrograd are thorough- clean. The
drinking-water is being filt"red. Baths,
washhouses, disinfecting stations have
Military, navai and transport medic
al services have all been placed under
the control of the Commissariat which
has been greatly aided thereby in ils
struggle against epidemics. In addition
to sections for the study of different
branches of medicine, dentistry, radio
graphy, etc., a special educational and
publishing section has been instituted,
which has organized at Moskow a
museum of social hygiene, and has pu
blished popular booklets on points of
hygiene and sanitation in millions of
copies. A Central Library of Medicine,
containing more than 30.000 volumes,
has been open at Moskow since May.
The Commissariat has convoked two
conventions of bacteriologist and epi
demiologists, two conventions of local
Military sections, one pharmaceutical
conference, one dental conference, and
house? and sanitoriums: has its own
laboratories and apothecaries, and con-'
trols all medical and pharmactic per
sonel of the Workers' State. The whole
system is characterized by unique
coherence. A spirit of fairness, justlee
and kindliness pervades the entire
structure. The Commissariat hopes to Ways
give medical attention to all comrade's
of the Republic. It is moreover im
possible to speculate in health product
front and of the surgical patients at
home, all of them are needed and need-
I at once.
Send Medicine to Russia.
So long as the Allied blockade re
mains in force it win ne impossible
for the Russian government, through
ts accredited representatives, to buy
these sorely needed drugs in me
foreign markets Russia is helpless. It
.ippeals to you, you of the American
working-class, to you who like they
are fighting capitalistic oppression and
capitalistic exploitation, to you whose
future as workers is inextricably
wrapped up in the fate of the Russian
.vorker, to help save Russia, ssavo
them from starvation by indue: ng our
L'overnment to give up its murderous
blockade. Save them from disease by
sending drugs and medicines to Iuu-
How you can help
A number of sympathizers wjth the
cause of Soviet Russia have recently
orgunied the "Soviet Russia Medical
Relief Committee." This organization
will function as a Red Cross for the
Russian people, it through this appeals
to every labor union, to every work
ers benefit organization and to work
ing class political organizations to
jcin hands in raising an enormous fund
that will buy for the unfortunate, suf
fering people the sorely needed me-
dieii.es they themselves cannot procuro.
and means of sending those
drugs to Russia have already been
found. The health and the virility of
the Russian people depends upon your
willingness to help.
of the poor, overworked, underfed mas-1 one conference for the study ot
Prostitution, that scourge of modern
fOCiety, has met in the Russian govern
nient its first effective combatant. In
other countries, prostitution is re
garded as a crime; the war against
prostitution consequent1' is conducted
by the police. Everywhere the result
is the same. Tn spite of segregation
and suppression, in spite of workhouse
sentences and nightcourts, in spite of
persecution and agitation, prostitution
has grown, and sexual diseases have
spread. Russia alone has found the
only effective method of combating
this social evil by removing the source
that stimulates its growth. Prostitution
can and will flourish onlv so long as
favorable economic conditions last.
In Soviet Russia, prostitution means
starvation, for only I hose who arc
engaged in socially useful occupations
are entitled to food.
But nothing that Scviet Russia can
do, can save the country from the
horrible effects of the Allied blockade
lit is a horrible thing to see so many
Ml . . . .. .
millions or Hungry people, eniluron
dying from the lack of milk and me
dical suplies. New diseases are making
their appearance, diseases before which
the most competent phys;cians stand
helpless, because the only thirgs that
can cure them, nourishing food, can
not be procured. Russia is being slowly
starved out by its foreign foes. Tbo
supply of medicines is practically ex
hausted, Iodine, disinfectants, quinine,
codliver oil, anasthetics to alleviate
the sufferings of the scldiers at the
The proletarian revolution in Russia
has n wised n frenzy of devotion ia
the hearts of the class-conscious pro
letariat all over the world. Everywhere
its glorious example has inspired the
working-class with new hope and new
seal. Its splended spirit, its unfailing
unflagging devotion to the cause, of
the world movement of the working-
class Lave been our hope and conso
lation in the davs of the darkest
reaction. I'p to this time the Russian
Revolution has onlv given given with
full hands and with a willing heart
the only thing it had to give hope
nd encouragement to the workers of
The time has come when we can
repay, in. oh, so small a measure, the
service they have rendered to us. We
have here the priceless opportunity
of -expressing in a moic tangible form
of admiration and the devotion our
lips and pens have been expressing.
We will send to Russia a message of
cheer and good will that will
ny to her, to her starving children,
to her sick in the hospitals, to her
workers in the factories, to the mon
and the women who are giving their
life blood in her defeuse, to all who
love and who live in the Russian re
"International Solidarity Lives'
Funds to be 6nt to the Treasurer;
Dr. Wm, Mendelson,
362 DeKalb Avenue,
Brooklyn, N. Y.
"Ten Commuinsts are worth a
hundred Socialists when it comes to
work" writes a comrade. Pretty high
Kansas City Mo., comrades are learn
ing to like The Toiler judging by the
subscriptions that arc coming in from
that citv. If they support us as well
as they did their paper, The Workers'
World, we well feel mighty good.
Our soldiers bonus cartoon if two
weeks since brought us a number of
orders we were unable to fill for
lnck of extra copies. Yes, some cart
oon and some article with it, that one
of Bill Smith's.
H. W. of Dundee that's not in
Scotlnnd sends in 0 yearlies and gets
a bunch of pamphlets for premium.
Wc are still doing it giving $1.50
worth of premiums in books for $7.50
worth of subscriptions.
The Toiler Educntionnl Lenflets No.
1 and 2 are still going, in fact going
fast as we have only a few left. Bot
ter send in that order you hnvc beon
intending to and get it filled NOW,
"8end me the Toiler", writes a
comrade nt Leavenworth Federal ;ris
on, who adds. "I am another victim
of Wilsoninn Democracy".
O. 7.. of Kansas City Mo., is an
other live one who is on the leaflet
distribution iob. He orders 300 of
Soviet Labor Code and Strangling
Give a days wages to the Movement
on May 1st. Keep away from the boss.
Some have learned a lot by tbo
great war. For instance, writes one,
"'I nerved in the 32nd Division in
France fighting for Democracy NIT".
Well, he ought to know, he was there.
Those little boosts continue to ar
rive. We mean the extra subscriptions
which comrades send in with their
rnni'W In Thev heln. holn The Toiler
mil help those who receive it. Better
tend vonr friend a trial sub for sac
us by a group of Spanish comrades.
Jliev are helping to acquaint a num
ber of their countrymen with The
If you havn 't read them do it now
The Red Ruby, Oitlow's speech be
fore the jury in his trial nt New
York, and except of Darrow's speech
10c. Also The Soviet of Deer Island,
story of the days our comrades
spent nwaiting deportation, or dis
posal of their cases after the famous
Pnlmer Raids of January last. loc.
The Truth nbout the Li.sk Committee,
Fo'r.e facts every worker ought too
1-now nbout this repiehensible crow of
liberty smashing marauders Hie. Order
rf The Toiler.
He wants the truth, doe comrade
Smith of Akron, so he subscribes for
Thnt's a nice little bunch of sub
scriptions, comrade Hazel. Thank you.
Out in Omaha some workers are
learning how Russian workers are
legislating for themselves. Comrade
Anderson orders 100 lenflets of the
Soviet Code of Labor Laws.
And at Arlington Wash. too. Thanks
to comrade Thorsen.
"For Henven's snme sond me The
Toiler. 1 want something with some
truth in it", this from Robert 8. of
It's becoming truer everyday the
capitalist press is losing its strangle
hold upon the minds of the workers.
Steadily the labor press is gaining
(Jomrade L. is waking up tho sleepers
at Salt Lake. He increases his bundle
of Toilers 100 per cent.
Lots and lots of comrades are writ
ing to us ami asking: Can we obttin
The black Sheep and Proletarian
Science History in book form. Wo are
lorry that neither ran be obtained in
book form now, but we hope they will
be obtainable soon.
Tn spito of Skygae's prickly jabs
at tho false teachings of the Church,
he is getting a lot of complimonta
MILWAUKEE There are 1.200 un-
dernourished school children in Mil
waukee, said Dr. John P. Knehler.
Milwaukee health department, in his
address before the opening session of
the Wisconsin health congress.
"We have found that the main
reason for their critical condition is
that their parents are unable to buv
enough food," he said.
Three Stingy Little Hours
President of Community Service, which,
t.dls of another unsolved problem. I
quote from page 2.
"Man is by nature an outdoor ani
mal, a hunter, a fighter and a fish
erman. The machine has locked him up
in factories and tenement houses, where
he sickens and dies net from physical
disease alone but also from homesickness.
An Enemy ot Mankind.
Ignorance is the enemy of mankind. To remain ignorant is to make
one's self an enemy of all men and women. Knowledge gives power and
without knowledge, the working-class can never gain nor rctain power. To
remain Ignorant is to remain a slave to other's will and opinions. The workers
must learn to view the world from the standpoint ot the useful producer.
They must supplant their master class teachings with the teachings of Science
interpreted from the proletarian viewpoint. Workers who refuse to read the
literature of. the proletarian revolution that is now sweeping capitalism from
the face of the earth are a loadstone about the neck of Labor.
The literature listed below will educate you in the CLASS STRUGGLE
without a knowledge of which yon can never assist your fellow workers to
win and hold the world. ALL POWER TO THE WORKERS but it must come
BEAD THINK LEARN
HERE IS OUR LATEST LIST. READ IT EVERY WEEK FOE
No Compromise, Liebknecht, 15c, 10 or more 11c each.
Think or Surrender, Kirkpatrick, loc, 10 or mere 11c each.
Two Minute Talks, Allison, 10c, 10 or more 7'Ac each.
Industrial Socialism, Wm. D. Haywood 10c, 10 or more 6c each.
Wage, Labor & Capital Karl Marx, 15c, U or more 11c each.
Crimes of the Bolshevik! 10c each, 10 or more 6c each.
Russian Socialist Constitution 10c each, 10 or more 6c each.
Soviet Russia, 10c each, 10 or more 6c each.
Debs Goes To Prison, 15c each, 10 or more 11c each.
The Dream Of Debs, 10c each, 10 or more 6c each.
The Trial of Debs, 10c each, 10 or more 6c each.
Mr. Block and The Profiteers, 10c each, 10 or more 6c each.
Manifesto of the Communist International, 10c each, 10 or more 6c each-
The Class Struggle, Kautsky, 25c each, 10 or more 18c each.
Communist Manifesto, 10c each, 10 or more 6c each.
Evolution and Revolution, 10c each, 10 or more. 6c each.
How the Farmer can get His, 10c each, 10 or more 6c each.
Scientific Socialism Stndy Course, 10c each, 10 or more 6c each.
Industrial Autocracy, 10c each, 10 or more 6c each.
Marxism and Darwinism, 10c each, 10 or more 6c each.
Socialism Utopian and Scientific, 15c each, 10 or more 11c each.
Shop Talks on Economics, 10c each, 10 or more 6c each.
Violence or Solidarity, 5c each, 10 or more 3c each.
Bullitt Mission to Russian, 50c each, 10 or more 40c each.
Communist Mainfetto (cloth), 60c each, 5 or more 40c each.
Evolution Social and Organic, 60c each, 5 or more 40c each.
Lawof Boigenesis, 60c each, 5 or more 4Cc each.
Debs Authorized Life and Letters Karsner, $1.50, 5 or more $1.25
Man or the State, Essays famous writers, $1.00.
Russia in 1910, Ransome, $150, 5 or more, $1.25.
Lenin, the Man and His Work, Williams, $1.50, 5 or more $1.25.
Philosophical Essays, Dietzgen, $1.25, 5 or more $1.00 each.
Savage Survivals, $1.25 each, 5 or more $1.00 each.
Socialism for Students, 50c each, 5 or more 40c each.
Socialism and Modern Science, $1.25 each, 5 or more $1.00 each.
Stories of the Cave People, $1.25 each, 5 or more $1.00 each.
Socialism and War, $1.00 each.
Ten Days That Shook The World, $2.00 each.
The World's Revolutions, 60c each, 5 or more 45c each.
Universal Kinship, Moore, $1.25 each, 5 or more $1.00 each.
Value Price and Profit, Marx. 60c each, 5 or more 45c each.
Principles of Scientific Socialism, Vail $1.25, 5 or more $1.00
The Iron Heel, J. London, 85c, 5 or more 70c each.
War of the Classes, J. London, 85c, 5 or more 70c each.
Puritanism, Maily, COc each, 5 or more 40c each.
Positive School of Criminology, Ferri, 60c, b or more 40c.
Positive Outcome of Philosophy, Dietzgen, $1.25, 5 or more $1.00 each.
Philosophical Essays, Dietzgen, $1.25, 5 or more $1.00.
Origin of the Family, Engels, 60c, 5 or more 40c.
Value, Price & Profit, Marx, 15c each, 10 or more 11c each.
Feuerbach: Roots of Socialist Philosophy, Engels, 60c, 5 or more 40c. .
Ethics & Materialistic Conception of History, 60c, 5 or more 40c each.
Essays on Materialistic Conception of History, Labrioli, $1.25 each,
5 or more $1.00 each.
Economic Determinism, Lida Parce, $1.00, 5 or more 85c each,
Economic Causes of War, Loria, $1.00, 5 or more 85c each.
Critique of Political Economy, Marx, $1.25, 5 or more $1.00 each.
Ancient Society, Lewis H. Morgan, $1.50, 5 or more $1.25 each.
Ancient Lowly, Ward, 2 vol.. $2.00 each.
Anarchism and Socialism, Flechanoff, 60c, 5 or more 40c each.
Address The Toiler.
those davi. Folks like his boiled down
We appreciate the support tendered truths so tersely expressed.
(Continued from 1st page.)
The slogan of the Kaiser's forces was
"Gott mit uns" and early in the
war Billy Buncombe Sunday drafted
1 nnst ns the Commander in chief of
the American forces. Hatreds were fo
nucrateiy cultivated which will tako
generations to overcome. There, is one
problem the Gospel of Christ did NOT
solve Other problems cau be named
by the score.
Tho same paper that carried the
Don't buy Don't sell" advertise
ment carried an advertisement nnld
for by the Michigan "Wood for
President League" which said "What
is America's Greatest Need" and
answered their self-asked que.-tion by
dying, "A (Irent Administrator" and
of course then proceeded to attempt
to prove that be of Ihe "ship or
shoot radicals" fame was the it UFA f
administrator, The point I want to
make that the Holy Name Society
UUl ns in twenty four point typo,
that America Needs Christ, and tho
Michigan Politicnl league just men
tioned tells us Uit America Needs
him of the "ship or shoot" fame.
Now it is not reasonable to suppose
that any one would elaim that Christ
was wood, nit no there arc many
trying to tell ns that Wood is a
modern twentieth century Christ, but I
can only infer that neither of tho
advertises know what it is that Amer
Th Communist Service leaflet nam
bor 4 contains an address by the
In ancient times a remedy for the
evil of industrialism though not then
aggravated by machinery, was, FOR
THE UPPER CLASSES, found in
slavery. The rulors reserved to them
selves the ancient and instinctive pur
suits of war, of hunting and OF GOV
ERNMENT. Industrial work was ro-
egatcd to the slaves. Out of this
form of civilization, with all its
evil9, came wonderful discoveries in
art, in music and in science; and life
FOR THE RULING CLA8S, reached a
higher level than would lave beeu
possible without the advanco of the
OUR PROBLEM, ever since ha
been to conservo these benefits and
nt tho same time to AB0LI8H TUB
INSTITUTION that first mado them
possible. THAT PROBLEM HAS NOT
YET BEEN SOLVED. SLAVERY HA8
NOT BEEN ABOLISHED."
The caps in the above quotntion nro
mine but the wording is in the Com
munity Service book (published at
National Headquarters of Community
Service, One Madison Avo New York
H seems Big Business, hiding
behind the Holy Name Society knows
that there are many unsolved problems
and problems which tho (iospol of
Christ has not, doos not, and can not
mlve. In the "Don't Buy Don't
F.ll" advertisement thoy admit tho
truth of the above. They say "Unrest
is in the air. The popular mind is
feverish and uneasy- Sudden gusts of
nion and resentment sweep over
the multitude. Bolshevism; Social
ism in a hurry is knocking at our
door. Every street corner is vocal
with remedies, The Gospel of Christ
has a solution for every problem."
What solution has the Gospel of
Christ for this problemt We find it in
Ephesiaus VI verses 5&6 "Servants be
obedient to them that are your mast
ers according to the flesh, with fear
and tremblirg, in singleness of your
heart as unto Christ: not with cyo
service as mcnpVasers but us the serv
ant! of Christ doing the will of God
from the heart."'
This ia a fine solution from the
viewpoint of the mnrter-class but to
an awakened slave it is only another
link in the cunningly wrought chain
designed with but one aim; that aim
being to hold the slave in his slavery.
In the language of the common people,
it is a solution which does not "so
lute". Abe Herscliin put it in rhyme.
And we're also some shy on ac
cepting the lie
Of the prencher, thnt if we behave,
We'll get pio in the sky, by and
by, when wo die,
Which is sure swell "reward" for
Now that guff is all bunk, theolog
Not worthy the brain oi' a cow;
It's a mere mental drunk for a nut
made of punk,
MEN want what they want hero
The master-class docs not believe iu
the Gospel of Christ for themselves
but for their dupes; their slaves, tf
they really belioved, believe you mo
thoy would give more than a stingy
throe little hours out of all eternity
to their ghost worship. But when thoy
use full page advertisements in the
daily press to spread their "opium for
the poor" it mny bo read as the last
gasp of a dying creed.
The Black Sheep.
(Continued from page 2.)
I know that all rivers in this pait of
the country flow into Lake Coner
D'Alane upon the shores of which ia
the csbin of my friends. I really
wih you bad been with me today
and ?ould have seon and enjoyed it
nil. It is a wonderful world in which
we iive. full of wealth which monoy
cannot buy; but which all mny hnvo
dimply for loving it. True you cannot
1 at it in the physical sense of that
word; but then it is written "MM
shall net live by bread nlonc." Food
for the mind is not a market valno.
Often it consists of things which can
neit her be onught nor Bold and yet
their possession enriches one with a
winlth that cannot tarnishi
What a contrnst thero is between tho
great wilds and prison bars. It is bet
ter to be alone in tho woods than
broko among onos fellow mon,
Sincerely and thankfully,
He closed his book and put it in
his pocket nnd being tiled with tho
days travel he fell asleep and knew
no mere until he whs awakened by
the cold in tho small hours of the
(Continued neit week.)