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Make that Rusty Paper Dollar
Work for Socialism
Give it to the Toiler Paper Fund
CLEVELAND, OHIO, FRIDAY, IUNE 11th, 1920.
T ' 3207 Clark Ave., Cleveland, 0.
a New Member
at Cleveland, Otto,
$1.50 A YEAR
From Our Petrograd Correspondent
The Toiler publishes this week the first communication re
ceived from our own correspondent in Petrograd. Our readers may
expect these to appear at intervals of every two weeks or there
abouts as long as the eomrade remains there.
The comrade who will rend these messages to you is on a
spceial mission to Rnssia onti since his letters mnst be sent out
thro the blockaded Russian boundaries, surreptitiously, they will
not arrive regularly nor contain all that we would wish, but they
will contain much interesting matter relative to the conditions in
Socialist Russia, "likewise they will be absolutely authentic.
Petrograd, Russia, April 1st 1920.
I aim home. Russia has changed fundamentally and
thoroughly. When you come over you will notice this great
change. Of bread we have not any too much, but still enough.
Industry is not in a very favorable state; one thing thait prev
ents us from applying our hands to actual production, is the
lack of the means of transportation, the shortage of machinery
and of skilled factory workers. Immense mumhers of these
latter were drawn into the army to combat the counterrevolu
tion. An army of throe to four million men is not a joke, but
a serious economic factor in a crisis such as we are confront
ed with. We are beginning to liquidate the front and transfer
the army from the battle field to industry. We hope to re
vive entirely within a couple of years. It took us two years
to defeat imperialism in the military sense, and will take
about as long to defeat it economically.
The international proletariat will of course, have to take
the same active part in this struggle as- it took protesting
against military intervention, the question as to economics
must be put in the same way.
So, you see we haw to fight yet quite a bit. From the
stand point of food we are quite short, but intellectually we
are the highest working class section of the world. I have
already gotten acquainted wiith a few of the leading person
alities of the new Soviet govca-nment and know how they are
provided with life's necessities. For a long time we have not
seen white bread, real coffee and tea, but nevertheless we
have something to eat. Germany and Austria would be happy
if they had half as much as we have in Petrograd.
In a week I will go to Moscow to attend the conference
of the Bureau of the Third Internationale. Have already met
some of my old aequaintences in Petrograd and expect to see
more in Moscow. American Communists should unite at all
costs, otherwise they will lose respect before their European
With hearty greeting'; to all my friends and comrades
- . , . Yours
Let Your Dollars Bespeak
Communists Bring Legion Post
into Court for Coinages
A. B. C.
Financial Freebooters to Batter Work
ers into Submission with
There's an old saying that "you never know your friends
until trouble overhelms you." And there is a woijd of truth in
that old saw and it applys to The Toiler as well as to any in
dividual. The Toiler is just now learning who and how many
are its friends friends who regard it as no sacrifice to dig up
an extra dollar for its preservation and if they1 have to dig
deeply for it, it comes forth with just as willing a hand.
And we are beginning to wonder just how many there will
be of the "loyal" ones those who are going to respond to the
Toiler's call for help in the crisis which confronts it. We
know hundreds are going toberecordedinThe Toiler'?
Dollar Campaign for Paper Stock. Possibly, there will
be many more who will not feel able to give the dollar they
want to give. But in the end we firmly believe that there will
be very few who will find it absolutely necessary to stay out
side the big circle of Dollar Contributors.
The dollars ore comming fast now. Every mail brings a
shower of one, two and five dollar bills which have been sent
hastily to meet the crisis and stay the hand of death from The
Toiler. We read the letters which acomuanv them and am
marvel at the faith and COinraHnshin avnroaaArl 4i fhenn V0.V, n
declare the necessity of keeuinar The Toiler in th fiAlri for . w LP ,
- - .vv a n,-i.iii, UUl If. .UK II U I'll Or I 10
workuigiass education and organization. We read the letters sp tho marauders. They counselled
them from time to time to be careful
ot to break any windows or doors
lest they might lay themselves open
to the chirgc of "destroying proper
y. The ring leader of the mob, who
ftcrward boasted in the newspapers
t his part in the affair, was a
sergeant in the Ordinance Department
One of the local socialists, a member
the Leirion. was nresent at. the
many of the vital points upon which
be suit was based.
CINCINNATI, June 7th. The poli.'v
of members of the American Legion
in breaking into labor union and radi
cal headquarters and destroying proper
ty has been brought into the courts
h"ic by the suit of the Communist
Labor Party against the local post of
the American Legion and certain mem
bers ot the order. Lntf.i Hnrte for
the communists asks for $450 property
damages and $5,000 punitive damages.
rhe case is now on trial in the Su
perior Court of Hamilton Countv. Jos.
W. Sharts of Dayton is counsel for
The action on which the suit is based
took place last November when follow
ing a night meeting of the Legion
post a crowd of the members broke
into the joint headquarters of the
machinists union and the socialists,
threw the literature, furniture and
other property out of the windows and
burned it on the street. There were
officials of either organization
and then we begin to know whv we cannot fail. wViv w wm0t
and will keep in the fight at all costs no matter how great
the sacrifice may be. For every letter is a testimony to the re
solution and determination of our readers to do their full share
in securing the necessary paper supply to keep The Toiler in
The amounts received are gratifying indeed and if the
dollar bills just keep coming in at their present rate until July
1st, the needed amount. $2,500 will be raised. W heli
.... . ... . ... vuvj v. wic ijuj;iuu, was pi
win keep coming because our readers are made of the kind of meetinu and has made
iL.t TV"V ill .... . a . .....
By Paul Hanna,
The Federated Press.
WASHINGTON. Immediately after
tho big party conventions at Chicago
and San Francisco tens of hundreds of
thousands of workmen will be laid off
by the basic industries, according to
persistent roports circulating at Wash
ington. This enforced idleness may be long
or brief, depending upon the adjust
ment of a number of factors operating
to bring it about. These factors arc
three in number, the first two being
of almost equal importance in the
minds of industrial captains. They arc:
(1) A desire to shatter the moralo
of labor and bring down wages by
giving a taste of unemployment to tho
(2) Inability of the railroads to move
a growing accumulation of commodities
from tho point of production, and the
consequent need to reduce the output
(3) A desire on the part of the big
ger capitalists to squeozc out the smal
ler lot of speculators in manufacture
and merchandizing, who are being
pinched betwoen the restriction of
bank credit and the decreased purchas
ing powor of the pnblie.
While this attempt at partial "re
adjustment" may easily lead into the
majoi post-war pauic which all experts
enticipate, careful judges of tho situat
ion declare this coming spell of hard
times is intended to last only for a
few months just long enough for
roally big capital to consolidate its
position still further and "dig in"
to resist tho world wide plague of
bankruptcy, unemployment and famine,
which is expected to como a year or
Doth for election purposes and to
insure against unruly protests from the
mob when tho big disaster arrives, a
preliminary loason in humility is to
bo taught the working clasa.
Tho oil, steel and automobile In
dustries it is said, will tako the lead
in laying off a big proportion of their
roon after the Republicans and Dem
ocrats have nominated their candidates
for president. Detroit is mentioned
as an automobile center that has been
most thoroughly organised to this and.
Capitalists blame the general pros
perity now preaviling for the success
which h'z attended the so-culled out
law railroad strike. Their reports tell
them that railroad men no longer
willing to endure the low wages aud
neglect of their old employment have
been readily absorbed by other in
dustries. It has been a perfect example
of the embarassmcnt that is always
felt by employers when there is no
reserve army of idle workers to drive
down or keep down the wages of the
This railroad strike has proved the
axiom of employers that thcro can be
no "discipline" in industry if the
workers are free to choose their own
employment. To restore that lost "dis
cipline" the partial shut-down in the
oil, steel, automobile and other indust
ries is being planned.
At the same time tho unemployment
birch is applied to labor elsewhere, an
increase in pay totalling some 40 per
cent is being arranged for tho railroad
men. Trains must be kept moving, and
the partial paralysis of transportation
now prevailing causes alarm in high
plaees. Unemployment in other indust
ries, coupled with a timely wago in
crease on the railroads, in expected to
bring tho truant "vacationists"
scamporing back to the transportation
syatem, sorry that they over left and
! in a mood to stick in future.
I Incidentally, that wage incroaae will
l add a billion dollars to tho expenses
I of the roads, and they mnst have
I another billion for themselves under
private operation. Whcro the two bil
1 lions aro to come from is a separate
mutter, and one that railroad financiers
cannot think about without getting a
stuff that DO things and thev have to keen
, m V - X" -Q ( V IW V
to visit you each week for the coming months.
We are using our wts and our credit (backed up by the
prospects of your expected help) in getting this issue printed.
We have "borrowed" enough paper for this issue. But you
know the saying that "he who borrowing goes sorrowing".
Some truth in that too. In this case the sorrow consists in the
fact that the paper must be returned and we have to get it
before it can be. Far better to buy it first and 0iat is why we
must urge immediate action on your part. If jtfktre going to
send a dollar to The Toiler send it now. If you are NOT
going to send a dollar sit down and think, think hard, try if
you can, to think of ANYTHING that would do more for the
cause of Socialism RIGHT NOW than that one dollar bill in
We don't want and we can't if we did, acquire the habit
of borrowing paper weekly. That little game is very short
Jived these days especially if you are a Communist Toiler
We much prefer to buy our paper and we will have to too. We
know where there are 200 reams of newsprint and we are
going to have that paper. We are going to buy it on the very
best security the belief and knowledge that there are hund
reds and hundreds of Toiler Boosters who will guarantee the
?,ounbf,wl10 are m2 t0 make our word g-ood with their
And then we must prepare for future months. We must
prepare NOW. We must lay in a supply for months ahead and
never allow it to dwindle for the newsprint situation is not
going to materially improve. Every month the price is a little
higher. We must make the Toiler as safe as is possible to do
The one thing needful NOW is that each reader whose interest
in socialism and the workingclass is more than 'skin deep' is
to make it known by remitting his dollar-or more-im-mediately.
Be one of the needed 2,500 loyal comrades.
British Parleys May Open Trade
LONDON. Thnt the parleys botwoon
Premier David Lloyd Goorge and Oreg
on' Krassin, Russian soviot minister
ol trado and commerce, are leading to
the conclusion of peace between soviet
liussia and England is the conviction
of those in closo touch with the situa
tion hero. According to the political
correspondent of The London Daily
fltrald, Krassin is putting np very
bluntly the choice between war and
no trado, or peaco with trade.
"It is cortuin," says the corrcspon-
dent, "that discussions have been moro'T T ,.T " " " the PrM8"'
Of a oolitical than of . ,nmm,iol i f thf EnP,iah WOrkc wh,ch 18
nature, in spite of press reports to the
MOSCOW (By MalD The first
Congress of Trade and Technical Edu
cation was opened by Lunacharsky,
commissar of education, on April 28th.
Lnnaeharsky emphssixed the necessity
of technical schools. Strenuous agita
tion must be undertaken, he said, to
create agricultural-technical schools in
tho rural districts.
Tbo contral commit too for toehnical
education outlined a plan for technic
al education with cooperation of trado
unions and the Supreme Council of
contrary. liussia is giving the British
pcrmier tho first opportunity to roalizo
that all trade negotiations are futilo
unless the basis is one of genuine
pence, and the abandonment by Groat
Pritsin of all plots against the aoviit
republic. Thore can be no doubt that
Krassin put this point quite firmly.
"Lloyd George's reaction may bo
judged from the fact thnt Krasin wont
real moaning which the British Minis
try attacked to docisions of the Sup
remc Council relative to tho exchang
straight from Dewing Street to renl'T 7 . W M "0
Offices for his delegation. That . ,n f Pr0duetB Wlth the RoMiftn CP"
omccs ror his delegation. That is an
omen of coming ponce. American trad
ers will nocd to get busy if they want
to bo left on tho map."
In an interview secured by the
rjeralds Copenhagen correspondent
with Maxim Litvlnoff, it was stated
Uat Litvinoff is in constant cable
eo-uinunieation with Krassin as the
The fact that Prenlor Millerand has
ativos. Now we stand
on those do-
JOHN REED 6IVEN TRIAL
refused to allow Jules Cambon, French
ambassador at London to be present
at the parley is regarded as a ruso
on her part to throw tho responsibility
for peaco on Lloyd George and evade
broaking her vow that she would never
doal politically with soviet Russia. Gov
ernment papers emphasize the fact that
the British premier is not acting in tho
nnmo of the allies.
The French papers are full of tho
negotiations. In a leading editorial
in the Echo de Paris, Petinax, who
ill ten Bnnrtlra tV IT.... L .
wtmmm "'i AD XVI VIIQ -I I t lll ll flUVlTM 1 .
ment, declares that it is the pressuro rePortci1 capture and imprisonment in
BO, Finland (By Mail) The citv
court of Abo on April 26th concluded
the caso o Joha Jlcad, Americ; news
paper man and leader in the Commun
ist Labor Party, who was arrested on
a charge of smuggling. The court
decided that it was proven that on
March 13 John Reed "had tried to
smuggle out of the country 102 dia
monds and money." The court imposed
a fino of 5,000 marks and besides ftccd
lost the diamonds to the Finish govern
ment According to the press reports,
the diamonds were worth 260,000 Fin
nish marks ($11!) marks).
John Ueed, noted newspaper man
and author was born in Portland, Ore
gon, his father being at one time chief
of police there. He became prominent
in newspaper work during the Mexican
revolution against Diaz.
He spent several months in Russia
during the critical days of the rise of
tho Bolsheviki to power and wittnessed
their victory. His book, Ton Days
That Shook the World, is considered one
of the most exact and authoritative
books that have been written of the
Returning to America about a year
"go, he became active in the organiza
tion of the Loft Wing of the Socialist
Movomcnt here and was instrumental
in forming tho Communist Labor Party
out of Left Wing elements that were
expelled from tho more conservative
Socialist Party. He was one among
39 members of this Party who have
been indicted on charges of violating
the criminal syndicalism lnw of Dlinois
in tho formation of this Party and
would bo among the number now on
trial at Chicago bad ho been ap
prehended. Beod returned to Kussia several
months ago and visited former frionds,
officials of the Soviet government. His
Agent Provocateur Attempts
to Organize Switchmen in
to "Violence Squads"
MAN CLAIMED BY RADICALS TO BE IN GOVERNMENT
EMPLOY STATES HE HAS $20,000 FOR ORGAN
IZATION OF DESTRUCTIVE WORK
Strikers are warned hy cool heads to avoid violence.
Failure of the railroad and the Cleveland Chamber of
Commerce to break the ranks of the striking railroad "Work
ers of this vicinity has made them desperate. It is the convic
tion of alert strikers and radicals of the city that they have
now resorted to the time honored methods of instituting viol
ence thru agents m government employ who have gained the
confidence of the strikers, hoping thereby to clear the way for
government action and persecution against the strikrs.
A certain individual who has been notoriously active
among the radicals of the city for months has approached
leaders of the strikers and urged the organization of "strong
airm" squads from among their ranks for the purpose of in
stituting a reign of violence against the railroads. This in
dividual claims to be wealthy and openly says he is an anarch
ist. Twenty thousand dollars is att his disposal he states for
the furtherance of this scheme which is to be led by revolution
ists who have volunteered to take a leading part.
Investigation is made by strikers.
Leaders among the strikers whose judgement and integ
rity are relied upon by the rank and file at once proceeded to
inquire into the character of the proponent of the scheme. Be
cause he had been known to associate with certain of the
Communist and Communist Labor Party members who have the
unqualified confidence of ihe strikers, it was believed at first
that whatever merit was contained in his proposal it came at
least from honest motives.
Investigaton opened the eyes of the strikers to the duplic
ity of the purpose that is believed to lay behind this nefarious
scheme which was planned solely for the purpose of wrecking:
the organized strikers upon the rock of a governmental frame
up. The strikers learned that the individual in question has
been declared an agent grpvwatenjr, in the employ of the gov
ernment secret service by ths communisfsoT: Cleveland "aria
elsewhere. A membership in Wth the Communist and Com
munist Labor Parties, certain activities which point unmistak
ably to his connection with governmental agencies were 3et
before the strikers by communists as proof of his character as
a government agent for the purpose of violence and unlawful
Communists whose suspicious have been aroused by
questionable activities of this individual recently made an in
vestigation of him covering a number of years in many local
ities in this country. Their findings were the basis of the in
formation furnishing the strikers. The strikers were emphat
ically warned by the communists to beware of any proposal ho
might make to them as they would surely become entangled in
snares which could lead only to prison and the breaking up
of their organization.
Cleveland railroad strikers have made a valiant fight for
their organzation. Their ranks are unbroken and they have
uniformly advocated and practiced orderly and lawful
measures to win their demands. They are now alert to weed
out such destructionists as the principal in this case and will
maintain a careful watch that no more of this ilk obtain
influence in their ranks.
KATE O'HARE IS FREE
Lloyd George to eonaider peace with
"For eighteen months." rbvh thn
W 1 ""J vtv
editorial, "Lloyd Oeorgo has been dora ,rom tn0 whlto Qnard government
Abo, Finland was tho first information
reaching friends here that ho had left
Russia. It is presumed that ho has re
turned to Russia after gaining bis free
workinir to cot in tnnnJi with Mn.w 'i of Finland.
"The French government intends
to leave to Lloyd Georgo complete ion was recoived by Soviet represent-
mennnoil.!i;i f., l.:. J . ..... ntive-i Amnnir tlii'iu M Heal mhn nr.
i iy, in UUUUUC1. TV O I ' O " ' C, " -
have never heen foola onnn.min fHJr!vcr.d.ircct,y from Moscow to welcome
, , ., . ... R the delegation on bchnlf of the Soviot
real moanincr which th RrW Uh u in
Begi explained the hope that tho
visit of the dolcgation would bring
friondly relations betwoen the Russisn
and Scandinavian workers, Langseth
replied on behalf of the Norwegian
workers and Karlsson on behalf of
MO80OW Thn nAaama nlnnn (),., MMyrmv ii,,,; . lk "
- ""ps I ...vww.t I'm ill,; I "II If III K
eoant or the Blnck Sea have sent tho month" coal production in the district
catch of one day's fishing to thoiof Tjcljabinsk came up to 1,300.000
poods sb compared with 1)00,000 poods
estimstod in advance.
During April the production was
nhnut HIS COO nnml'i ner ilnv BR rnm
parod to 65,000 poods per day in March.
A II 1 I , V I
starving children in the eities It con
sisted of 4.000 poodi. The workers in
the same district have decided to give
up a weeks pay for the tame csnse.
vakuu, Norway. A Hcandinnvian
"p "' khjiiuiiiuvih.!i paroa lo ni,iniu pooas per ay in ninrcn.
labor delegation reached Murmansk, in 1 All old mines have been opened and
Soviet Rnssia, on May 2. The delegat- now mines put under work.
Kate O 'Flare, militant labor unionist
and socialist was released from Jeffer
son City Mo., prison June 1st. Her
sentence of five years was commuted
by President Wilson to expire at that
Mrs. O'Harc was sentenced 14 months
ago to serve fivo years for alleged
violation of thceepionago law in
Statements made in a speech at Bow
man, N. D.
Government officials deny that this
to be taken as an indication that
there is to ensue a general amnesty
for political prisoners, or that it will
mean that Eugene V. Debs, who is
sorving a sentence of 10 years at At
lanta Oa., on a similar cbargo, will be
Thousands of friends scattered all
over the American Continent are made
happy over her release. 8h.j has spent
many years on the socialist platform
and in socialist work.
Mrs. O'Haro became a close friend
of Emma Qoldman while at Jefferson
City Prison, Miss Goldman being a
prisoner there np to the time of her
deportation to Russia a few months
WHEN IN CHICAGO VISIT HERE.
Tho Walden bookshop, operating
here under tho Chicago Co-operative
Bookstoros Company, which also owns
the Radical bookshop, has just opened
its doora to the public. The natte
Waldon was given tho store In memory
of the homo of Thoroan, an early ad
voente of free speech.
The windows of the shop was designed
and decorated by William J. Reauly
of New York and Fred 8. Foster of
Chicago. Inside the books are con
veniently arranged alphahetirally and
in divisions of economiea, fiction,
drama and poetry. There is long table
with an artistic reading lamp and
urn fort i Me chairs where one can ait
doii. and thumb ovor interesting titt-ss
without being pursued by an avaricious)
MOSCOW Arrangements havo boon
made to dispatch five oil trains daily
to Moscow. The Second Labor Army
has started the construction of a rail
road from Baratoff to Emba for the
BIO "GENERAL AMNESTY" MEETING
Sunday, June 13, 1920, 2. P. M. 50 So. Howard St. Akron, O
Under Auspices The Workers Dofense League.
SPEAKER: O. T. FRAENGKEL of Chicago, HI.
Organizer International Ass'n of Machinists
"Governments that exist through tho suprcesion of Hu
man Liberties aro Social Cancers, sooner or later to bo
EVERYBODY COME. ADMISSION FREE.
PASS THIS NOTICE ALONG.