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The toiler. (Cleveland, Ohio) 1919-1922, June 11, 1920, Image 4

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UNIONS GALORE
There are unions of ?very descriptien aad Kind
For the halt and the sick aad the deaf aad the blind;
For butchers and bakers ar.d candle-stick makers,
For the aged and poor and the feeble of mind.
There are unions for pressmen asd feeders galore,
For printers, I'm told, there are several more;
For printers of letters and all kinds of typesetters
And unions for sweepers who clean up the floor.
There are unions for tailors and hatters asd all,
For cutters and fitters for gTcat and for small,
For teamsters and seamstcrs end teachers and preachers,
And unions for sportsmen who love to play ball.
There are unions for blowers of bcttles its true,
For bottles of red and for bottles of blue;
For blowers of glass mi for glass cutters too,
But the beer bottle blowers, Oh, what will they do?
Now when one of these unions pots out on a stnkc
If the others went too, it would be something like.
But the boss doesn't worry, he don't cry or sob.
There are other scab unions to finish the job.
So now fellow-workers, there's nothing to do
But join ONE BIG UNION that's proved good and true;
Take in all who work with their hands and their brail
'N if you don't like the world, MAKE IT OYER AGAIN.
Balkis
Coal Barons9 Private Gunmen Rule
West Va. Coal Counties
RUMINATIONS OF A REBEL
tions show that they are getting ready
to swallow their discomfiture and
acknowldge defeat. The perplexing
problorc that confronts them is how
they can open up trade with the So
viets and avoid the humiliation of re
cognition. They may, as a last resort,
accept Wilson's theory of "self-determination,
and grudgingly concede that
Russia has the sort of government she
desires. At anv rate, they will have to
"come across."
By Tom Clifford.
The European nations which partic
ipated in the World War are bankrupt.
This is an admission made by no less
a personage than Mark 0. Prentiss,
chairman of the board of directors of
the Bankers' Foreign Clearing Houss.
Here is a frank confession from one
who ought to know that the enormous
financial obligations of the Allies
must, through necessity, be repudiated.
These obligations to the United States
government and its financiers alone
amount to $18,000,000,000, Germany's
total wealth is $50,000,000,00, against
which stands an indebtedness of $55 ,
("00,060.000. France's only hope of re
covery from absolute impoverishment
is the collection of the indemnity levied
upon Germany, which of course will
never be paid. Austria has been re
duced to a condition of absolute Tuin.
The financial status of Italy borders
on insolvency, England is no better
her. expenditures at the present
time being almost double licr income.
No wonder Mr. Prentiss declares:
"The world is sitting on a volcano
that may start its eruption at any
time, with the result that the finan
cial sructure of the world, as we have
-Town accustomed to it, will be to
tally destroyed.'" The beginning of the
end has errived. The financial end of
the capitalist system is rapidly ap
proaching a state of chaos, and ihe
money manipulators the world over,
and especially in America, are panic
stricken.
t
As a result of the convention that
the loans made to Great Britain by
this country will prove a total loss,
a feeling of antagonism toward the
former is developing. There is no dis
guising the fact that Anglo-American
relations arc becoming so tense as to
cousc anxiety. Attacks on England's
integrity arc becoming quite common in
the United States Senate and uncom
plimentary references to America have
recently been nadc in the British
House of Lords, This feeling of dis
trust must develop eventually into
pen warfare between the bourgeoisie
of the two countries. A marked proof
of this tatc of tension is evidenced
by the total absence from the columns
of our capitalist press of the erstwhile
reference to great Britain as "Our
Noble Ally." They have likewise
helved the phrase "Blood is thicker
thin water," which was used so ef
fectively during the war. Since "our
English cousius" have gone on 1 1
rocks financially the relationship is
no longer insisted upon. Economic
determinism is the Alpha and Omega
of bourgeois ethics. "Money talke" conntOr-
is their favorite aphorism, and slnco " fho MW,on thf an is
Great Britain has lost her voice in the said Nelson, "is because bo
matter of meeting her bills she is do ,m " Tor7 wek wifc whora he bfl,u
longer entitled to respectful consider- OT V8r? ro"K
ation. "When thieves fall out "-well, do0 the Mn,n toT thc M "'
Doraoou ana tnus supports mm.
Nolson further elaborated on the
generally recognized picture of the
working man as the film producer
The one outstanding opponent among
the Allies to Soviet recognition is
France, due to the insistance that the
Russian government recognize the loans
made by France to Russia under the
old regime. However, the announcement
recently made by theBerlin government
that a working trade agreement has been
consummated with the Soviet govern
ment will bring France to htr knees
through fear that her perpetual enemy
will thus secure an economic advantage
to her consequent detriment. All along
the line the opposition to recognition
is weakening by very force of cir
cumstances and necessity. Although it
May be deferred for a short period,
victory for the Soviet government is
assured. The Alliis have no other alter
native and mi'st accept the inevitable.
To the keen ebsener the present
state of the public mind in these
United States is portenlious not to
say propitious portentions from the
standpoint of social unrest and pro
pitious of an upheaval that may event
uate in the establishment of economic
justice. Discontent has reached the
point where the mental attitude of the
mass may be defined as "I don't care
a damn." That the bourgeoisie are fully
aware of this universal feeling and
sense the threatened danger to their
rule is made apparent by their frantic
efforts to "regulate" industry with a
view to molifying the workers. The
matter, however, has gotten beyond
WASHINGTON A demnnd for im
mediate Federal intervention to .estore
constitutional liberty to the ooal miners
of West Virpinia was filed with Pres
ident Wilson by John L. Spivak, re
presenting the United Mine Workers
of West Virginia, the West Virginia
State Federation of Labor and the
American Chil Liberties Union.
Spivak 's letter to the President,
made public Tune 8, reads as follows:
"In response to Secretary Tumulty's
request that I present you with a
summary of conditions in West Vir
ginia, and w 'nat the miners and ail
other crafts wish of you, I submit the
following:
"There exist in certain sections of
West Virginia, notably Logan, Mingo,
Mercer and McDowell conties, con
ditions closely akin to peonuge. These
conditions, which have been tolerated,
if not tacitly assisted, by the state
officials, at two distinct periods, have
threatened to throw the state into a
civil war. At the present moment they
have become 60 intolerable, and the
utter indifference of the state officials
to the enforcement of state and na
tional laws so open, that it has become
urgent that the President or Congress
intervene and avert imminent open
strife.
"For the purpose of brevity, Ishall
take Logan county as an example.
Briefly, the conditions there arc as
follows:
"This country, better known as the
Guyan Valley, is practically outside
the pale of American laws. The Con
stitution of the United States has
never been enforced. The inalienable
rights of all Americans to free speech
and peaceable assemblage are for
bidden upon penalty of death. This
penalty has been executed by private
gunmen until a reign of black terror
exists which is almost unbelieveble on
the American continent, and which can
no longer be suffered.
"Logan, the county seat of Logan
county, cannot be entered by an Amer
ican citizen. To enter Logan without
a pass, endangers one's life. Evan
newspapermen cannot enter that town
without passes and even then not with
out danger.
"There arc hundreds of heavily
armed gunmen, paid by the coal opera
tors whose sole work is to guard the
tewn against anyone who might even
r-ttempt to claim the rights of free
c?eech or peaceable assemblage. Be!of Pure technicalities. When bloodshed
soveral thousand miners that they
armed themselves and set out openly
to invade Logan county and enforce
the Constitution of the United States.
"Civil war was iminent, and the gov
ernor perceived that he had tolerated
wrongs and injustice for too long a
period. He and O. F. Koensey, president
of Dist. No. 17, U M. W. of A. inter
cepted the enraged miners as they
neared Logan, and begged them to
lay down their arms and return to their
homes. The governor promised a
thorought investigation and a speedy
righting of wrongs.
"To go into details of this investi
gation would be fruitless, at this
this moment; suffice it to say that
admissions of all these charges were
frankly made, and on December 20,
1919, placed in the governor's hands.
He has never even taken the trouble
to read itl It lies in his desk 300,000
words, containing sufficient evidence
to cause his impeachment for tolerat
ing so vicious a system. Yet murders
go on unchecked, and the vicious
privato army remains unhampered.
"Only a few days ago, while the
governor toured the country, telling
citizens how to enforce law and order,
twelve men were killed and others
wonnded in Matewan, Mingo county,
Among those killed was the mayor of
Matewan, who- attempted to enforce
the laws of the city, state and nation.
Tlese deaths are the result of the
system tolerated by the governor.
"The attention of the attorney gen
eral, to the conditions existing in
Matewan which resulted in the whole
sale murder, was called before the
battle took place. He took no steps to
stop these conditions, and since than
has again refused to interfere, stating
that it was a matter for the state
officials to cope with. Technically he
is correct; but thousands of citizens
are now confronted with the following
situation:
"The Constitution of the United
States, laws state and national are
gnored and openly violated by private
armies in the pay of coal operators.
The governor either cannot or will
not enforce the constitution, state and
national laws. All appeals to him have
been made in vain.
"On the other hand, the Federal
Government states that, technically, it
id unable to interfere
"Surely there arc exigencies which
Some Interesting Statistics
340,000 ENGLISHMEN MADE RICH
BY WAP.
LONDON. Three hundred and forty
thousand persons of the country made
"fortunes" during the war, according
to an inland revenue official, testifying
at a meetiag of the house of commons
select committee on war fortunes which
is debating whether this wealth should
be especially taxed, and if so, how4
The cvidense thus far given indicates
that the lommittee's task will be most
complex and dificult.
SELECTIVE SERVICE STATISTICS.
Analysis of the records shows that
100,000 conntry boys would furnish for
the military service 4700 more soldiers
than would an aqual number of city
boys: 100,000 whites would furnish
1240 more than the same number of
colored draftees; 100,000 nativo-born
citizens wculd furnish 3500 more than
an equal number of forgeign-born.
LYNCHING STATISTICS.
Lynching statistics compiled for the
30-year period from 1889 to 1918 show
that Georgia led the list with 386
victims, followed closely by Mississippi
with 373, Texas with 335, Louisiana
with 313, Alabama with 27b', Arkansas
with 214, Tennessee with 196, Florida
with 178 and Kentucky 169 The sta
tistics show that during the 30-year
period the north had 219 lynchings, the
south 2532 and the west 156.
A IDINNERPAIL EPIC
BY BILL LLOYD.
Written for THE FKDr VATED PRESS by C. A. Moseley.
1,023,000 ILLITERATE SOLDIERS.
WASHINGTON Figures compiled by
the statistics branch of the general staff
cn illiteracy in the emergency army
show that probably 7.6 per cent, of
the entire force was illiterate and 17.4
lelatively illiterate.
The figures are baaed on a total of
4,000,00 men. Of this total 211,000 are
classed as wholly illiterate and 712,000
as relatively illiterate, an aggregate
of 1,023.000.
tween twenty and twentyfive machine
guus, 6,000 high powered rifles and
two carloads of cartridges, approxima
tely one million are kept by this
private army to enforce their reign.
These arms and munitions are stored
in the Logan country court house,
reidy for instant use. In addition there
are from 1,500 to 2,000 gallons of
whiskey also stored in the court house.
Illegal traffic in liquor is open and
Unchecked in this country, sales being
made in the court house by these
private guards,
"The attention of Governor John
J, Cornwell, of West Virginia, ha re
peatedly been called to the existence
of these conditions. The only thing he
has ever dono was to "deplore" them.
Never was he made an effort to check
assaults and murders. Killings accur
with irregular regularity and no ef
forts are made to arrest the murderers.
"The roads leading into Logan are
heavilv cuarded bv machine truns and
their control. Their rotten system has, ftpjued' mcn on contimlous patro In
so completely broken down that all
efforts to patch it up will prove un
availing. Let us expectantly await its
complete dissolution and prepare our
selves for the work of the immediate
future the reorganization of society.
0
THE WORKER AND THE MOVIES.
SEATTLE. When a laboring map
ll shown on a movie screen ho is
nearly always depicted as married, J
Arthur Nelson, manager and producer
of Fodoration Film Oo., told nn au
dience in the Workers' College forum
The Federation Film company is bciug
organizod by the unions to combat
the movie propaganda flooding the
Logan there are about 150 gunmen al
ways lounging about the railroad sta
tion and the town proper prepared to
evict forcibly any citizen, who, in
their opinion, is undesirable,
"in Soptembcr, 1919 the beatings,
bnitulity and murders to which minors
wore subjectod, nnd the cold indiffer
ence of tho governor, so enfurinted
arise which calL$a the overlooking
is imminent, when there is no recourse
but the president and tho Federal
Government for the righting of wrongs
and tho reestablishment of the rights
of citizens, there must be redress given
by the president or the Federal Govern
ment to thousands of citizens of a
great state.
"On behalf of all the organized
liners of West Virginia, the W7est
Virginia State Federation of Labor,
Mid the American Civil Liberties
Union, I have been requested to secure
0 plain answer to the question whether
the rig its guaranteed by the constitu
tion of the United States apply to the
citizens of West Virginia. If they do,
why are they not enforced!
' ' T earnestly itppeal to you to end
the reign of teror in the southern coun
ties of West Virginia, nnd le-establish
the Constitution of the United States
in that region; that thousands of
American citizens may be permitted
to live iii pcae? nnd tranquility.
"Respectfully,
JOHN L. SPIVAK
"Representing:
The West Virginia State Federation
of Labor.
district No. 17, U. M. of A.
District No. 29. U. M. W. of A.
The American Civil Liberties Uniion
When the Seattle Union Record was
illegally closed by mcn in federal of
fice, pictures of tho closing of tho
plant were shown throughout the no
tion togethor with the information
that a "seditious" newspaper had been
suppressed.
When the labor newspaper was re
leased from its illegal seizure on order
of the U. 8. courts, the movie weekly
companies carefully refrnined from
taking any pictures of the reopening
of the building. A labor news weokly
would not have omitted this detail,
enthusiasts for the new undertaking of
organized labor here point out.
24.000 FEEBLE MINDED.
NEW YORK. More than 24,000
candidates for military service in this
country during the war were rejected
on the ground that they were feeble
minded, according to a paper written
by Dr. Pearce Bailey, chairman of the
New York state commission on mental
defectives, and read at the closing
session of the Societies for Mental
Hygiene here.
Rejection for nervous and mental
diseases, he asserted, ranked fourth on
the list. The percentage of mental de
fectives averaged six to a thousand,
he said, and ran especially high among
tho immigrant classes of New York.
Past records showed that 50,000 do
linquents might have been expected in
the American army, but that only
14.000 developed. He attributed this
to the work of phyehiatrists in weed
ing out potential cases.
TREND FROM FARMS.
WASHINGTON. An indication of
the extent to which farm population
has declined, relative to urban popula
tion, is furnished by the first totals
for rural communities announced by
the Census Bureau.
Of 50 widely scattered rural coun
ties, 34 show a decrease since 1910,
Ten years ngo the population of
the Un'tcd States was 46.3 per cent
urban and 53.7 per cent rural. The
1920 census probably will reveal the
transition of the eonntry from an
agricultural to on industrial nation,
with perhaps 65 per cent city dwellers.
Along about four years ago, whea I was twenty-one or so, there were
few rich men in our town and most folks had their up and down. Old Hopkins
had a shambling mill that somehow met the family 's bill. He was tightest man
in town and as a miser had renown, he'd pinch a nickl with bis thumb until
the buffalo grew numb, and then to dodge his evil fate, he'd drop a small coin
in the plate. He had two sons fit for the role of ponndiitg sand into a hole;
a daughter with some drugstore hair sold sundry notions at The Fair.
When Wilson sent out his decree that all except us should be free, it
caught me at the courting age, because I'd never got a wage that made it
safe for me to wed, though wife and kids ran in my head. And so they sop
ped me off to go and help pat on the Pershing show. Old Hopkins' first son
had a spine that suddenly went in decline. The younger boy, two years before,
had been pushed through Dan Cupid's door, and tumbled into married lot
before his brother took a shot. 6o Hopkins' sons stayed home, you see, while
I was sent across the sea.
When the home papers strayed my way, I puzzled over them all day.
According to the home report, old Hopkins was a reg'lar sport, almost a--throwing
away his coin, because he was too old to join, a laying down ;i
reg'lar swag for one poor measly Red Cross tag, A German helmet wont to
him for buying bonds up with his tit. It made me almost sob and cry to
think how very often I had set the poor old fossil down as just a money
making clown.
When I got home from Hiking Bill. I hardly knew old Hopkins' mill,
for it had spread and scattered roun' until it hid most half the town. Old
Hopkins had piled up great gains, by trying to make aeroplanes. The son th.it
had so weak a spine was just a-tearing down the line, without a worry or
a need, except to pay the fine for speed. The girl, who 'd often sold me socks,
was spending now her eld man's rocks. I went to working at my trade, but,
goeh all fish-hooks wasn't paid enough to keep up singlo life, not counting on
a promised wife. Whenever better pay 1 seek, old Hopkins calls me Bolshevik!
If Jesus Was Chief of Police
BY ANISE
Staff Writer for The Federated Press,
SUPREME COURT DECISION.
Between 1790 and 1912 the Supreme
Court declared unconstitutional 33
statutes of Congress, 223 state statutes,
and 23 municipal ordinacce.
ycu know tho rest.
e t
It is with relief I contrast the pres
ent plight of the Allies with tho do- manufacture this eharactor unshaven,
velopment of Soviet Russia. Although dirty, and the brutal hend of a home
still compelled to struggle with adverse consisting of one room, also dirty,
conditions, the Russian workers axel As part of his talk on "Poison on
not ercurobored with a gigantic debt the 8creen," Nolson explained that
snr.h as curses the other nations of Foderation Film expects to prodveo
Europe. Day by day 8ovlst Russia Is shortly its first picture. Its big drama
working out her salvation, nnd will will contain an coonomie undercurrent,
noon hr able to stand alone and defy Its labor news weekly will carry views
tho bourgeoisie of the world. The trade of workers and well conducted labor
that has hitherto boon denied to Rus- enterprise from all parts of the
ris will In the vory near future bo country and eventually of the world.
Chgcrly sought by the European Allies Its economic digest will show the fore
la the hope that It will save tbem es of Industry at work. Distribution
from utter ruin. While thr,y have a will be mide through the various state
natural disinclination to acknowledge federation and the plrtures will be
their failure to overthrow the working shown in onion hslls and also in the
class government of Russia, lndlev regular picture houseo
(Continued from pago 2nd)
QUESTIONS FOR CHAPTER TWELVE.
1. What invention marks the beginning of npper civilization t
2. What economic need brought the electrical motor into usot
3. What made gas onglno possible! Explain whyt
4. Name the industries dependent upon electrical motor force,
(i. Name the industries dependent upon the gas engine.
7. Explain the electrolytic process in industry.
8. What industriea brought city and country into eloeer rolationslpf
9. What effect upon tho race has imitation foodt Adulterations t
Cold storagot
10. To what did concentration of industry leadf
12. What was the economic offect of the wage system and private
property in landf
13. What la the origin of surplua valuef
14. Name the economic reasons for tho establishment of the in
dustrial union.
15. Why did the dominant etaas transfer the class war from the
intellectual field to the field of coercive foreef
16. Name the intellectual weapons of the dominant class. Coercive
weapons.
17. What- are the intellectual weapons of the working classl
coercive weapons
18. Whnt experiments now point the way to a now epoch in histeryf
19. Name the different stages of industry from tie club to in
ternational syndicate.
20. Why did not iftrllertmil development keep pace with the
urveiupmeni oi industry
(Oonoludod)
Industries of tho country have been
complaining that the dwindling of im
migration during the war has loft this
country short 4,000,000 workmen.
MOSCOW Professor Tirairjasoff, a
world authority on national history,
Uotany and Psychology, died in Moscow
April 28. For many years he was an
active worker in the Russian revolu
tionary movement taking part in prac
tical work as well as writing articles
to the "Communist Tntcrnationalo".
Recently he was clocted to the Moscow
soviet
O
NEW YORK. Proceedings against
throe of tho Hiudus, Bhagwan Singh,
Gopnl Singh, And Santokh Singh, held
here for doportaticn have bcon dis
missed by the Doportmont of Labor,
according to statements in California
papers the British government spent
enormous sums in working np tho
case.
The Hindus, all three of whom wore
workingmon in California, were po
litical refugees who were convicted in
tho San Franeisco conspiracy cases of
1918 for alleged violation of the
neutrality lawi. They were charged
with having been among the 100 Hln-
dna who bad attempted to ahip arms
to rcvolulioniats in India in an at
tempt to overthrow British rule.
The minister preached
Last Sunday
About the way that Jesus
Treated CRIMINALS
And what was the kind of folks
He PARDONED,
tee
And what was the kind of folks
He CONDEMNED,
And I got to thinking:
Suppose that Jesus
Was CHIEF of POLICE
In a modern city,
What would the faces be
In Lis Rogue's Gallery?
I thought of the long list
Of folks he pr.rdoned:
e e
The THIEF
That died with him on the cross;
Tae grafting tax-abscssor
.Vho owned up to being
A "miesrable sinner";
The rich PROFITEER
C
Who repented
And gave back four fold;
The WOMAN
i
Taken in adultery!
I thought of the many others
He had condemned: .
The man who gives out charity
With flourish of trumpets
a
To be SEEN of Men;
Tho man who PRAYS
On street-corners
To bo SEEN of mon;
The man with a beam in his eye
Who trios to pick a speck
From anothor's oye;
Tho men who accused
The sinful woman,
t
Though tbey had also sinned;
The men who devoured
WIDOWS HOUSES;
The mon who were particular
About religioua obaervanoea
And overlooked JUSTICE;
The men who bnllt monuments
And stoned living ones;
see
The men who GRABBED
At banquets
The HIGHEST places!
And thought; "If Jesus
Were Chief of Polico
In OUS city,
I wonder how long
Folks NOW in jail
Would STAY there t
1 vonder how many
NEW pictures
Of men now highly respe;ted
Would fill the Rogue's Gallery?
But I wonder chiefly
HOW LONG
They would let him hold
Tho JOBf
To DEAD prophete
The Black Sheep -
(Continued frirn page 2nd)
cause until decency triumphs in the
world, or I am dead."
"You'll be dead a long time little
girl before your dream comes true.
Better get a business education. Or
catch a good husband, while yon are
yet young and pretty," snggested tho
father.
"Such a life would make me
supromoly miserable, "his daughter re
torted. "With my soul hungry for
truth, to tie myBclf down to a life
of shams nnd lies, is absolutely un
thinkable. Besides I hate the people
who live by their wits alone. Every
dollar which they have, that they have
not earned, means that somebody has
earned a dollar that he did not got
and T'U make it my business to tell the
world about It."
This little speech made the father
look uncomfortable. "Leave that to
your friend Ollio." said he. "I don't
want to see my littlo girl in jail. Men
can do such things, but women well
they just natnrally lose their standing.
A woman is best off when sho has a
good husband to look after her wants.
Dor't you think so Olliet" her father
asked iis he looked wistfully at his re
nollluus daughter.
"No I do not think so," Olive re
plied, as she seated herself in the chair
on the back of which she had been
leaning "The sheltered women re
flects the mind of the sheltering man.
It teaches her to defend her own
rlavnry, and to kiss the cross upon
which she is being crucified. Men are
never going to give freedom to women,
any more than you would take yonr
birVd help into vour business as part
ners. There will never be any real
hapnineas in the world until there is
full equal freedom for nil. There can
be no real freedom as long as women
are the slaves of men, and men are
the slaves of greed."
Anderson laid his hands upon the
most prominent part of his anatomy
and laughed a mirthless laugh, saying,
"Ho my little girl is going Pankhurst
ing. Well when you got in jail a time
or two, nnd get broke once or twice,
and havo men insult yon when yon nsk
for work, your enthusiasm for the cause
of labor, and of euffrage, will suffer
a decline. You are not familiar with
tho things of which you speak. It's
just your youth, urging you on. Just
go and try it Ollle,, and romombcr
wbat your old Dad told you. It is
just your yoang blood a romancing:
thru you, thato all." He coughed
violently and spit into tho fire place.
Olive leaned back and locked hor
hands behind her head, hut made no
reply to her father's statement. An
derson had sueeoded in making bit
daughter think. "Well tell mo what
the kid had to say," he continued.
Olivo produced the letter and handed
it to her father. "You may read it,"
she said
Anderson wiped hia glaasee carefully
and read the notee. He then read them
over a second time. "Extraordinary
kid. You could not have received a
better letter." Then in a low voles
lest hia wife should hear it, "I toll you
Ollio, Its my opinion that hell tura
out alright. Only of coarse be eareful.
Every body down town admired him,
when be was here. He sure cost ae
money.
(Continued neit week)

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