Newspaper Page Text
Make that Rusty Paper Dollar
Work for Socialism
Give it to the Toiler Paper Fund
EVER HEAR THIS BEFORE?
"The Republican platform will be a
sacred contractural abiigatiaR between the
party and the people" Chairman Hays.
nt Cleveland. Ohio.
CLEVELAND, OHIO, FRIDAY,
E 18th, 1920.
Address all mail to
3207 Clark Ave., Cleveland, 0.
$1.50 A YEAS
BRUTALITY PROVEN A6AINST
WASHINGTON, D. C While At
torney General Palmer is braiding as
"utterly false" the charges of Felix
i Frankfurter, Roscoe Pound, P. Walsh,
Necessity for Trade Admitted
- War 'Unthinkable'
LONDON, June 7. f
George, after a second
afternoon with Gregory
viet envoy and minister
livered a speech in the
mons which clearly
Great Britain intended
were treated by agents of Mr. Palmer
appears from the following summary
of the committee's findings on this
Affidavits by persons arrested in
or about the Russian People's House,
133 East Fifteenth Street, New York,
en Nov. 7, 1919, when a class-room
was entered by Department of Justice
agents, charge the use of clubs and
black-jacks by the agents, who "beat
up" every one in the place and broke
all the furniture Several hundred
prisoners were taken to Department
of Justice headquarters, 13 Park Row,
where they were put through the
third degree of a secret inquisition, and
fourfifths of them then released for
lack of evidence.
Affidavits charging unjust arrest
and persecution, prison cruelties, denial
of prison rights, denial of opportuni
ties to prove innoce;ice and refusal of
right to communicate with relatives of
friends, by persons in Detroit, New
York, and Jersey City are included
in the report.
An affidavit by Alexander Buko
wetsky, Detroit, arrested Nov. 9, 1919,
at a concert given by the Union of
Russian Workers, says that ho and
ten others were confined incommuni
cado for ten days, then taken to the
Department of Justice headqucrters,
remanded to jail, and held until Jan
nary 21, 1920, taken to another prison,
where there was no cell room, and
slept on the floor for two months;
sent to Fort Wayne prison, and later
to Pontiac prison, where all the prison
ers were robbed of their money and
personal belongings, and still later
returned to Fort Wayne. At Fort
Wavne Bukowetsky said his wife
and daughter, Violet, 12, and son,
Robert, 4, came to see him with a
permit. He was taken from his cell
nnd as he was about to great his fam
ily he was intercepted by a guar!,
and his wife and children wore pulled
out of the room before his eyes. The
guard struck bis wife several times,
and when Bukowetsky protested, she
was thrown to the floor and the
guards rushed at him, one with a
rifle beating him over the head. Ho
called to his fellow prisoners to help
(Continued on page 4.)
He replied to the nt
isms which have been
policy of resuming tr
that the premier inter
negotiations with the
sentative through to a
tion of peace.
He derided the noti
trade with Soviet Rn
the British dislike of
of government and the
War is Alternative.
The premier warned
the only alternative
trade relations with
active military operation
the Soviet Government.
This, he said, w(
whole armed force of
pire and was "unthinl
I trade, de
nse of Com-
It was clear
to carrv the
lief in "Bol-
I' British Em-
Me" in view
The Domination of Capitalism
the Working - Class and
the Poorer Peasantry
By N. Bucharin
In all cwaintries, except Russia after the October Revolu-j Jackson H. Ralston, and eight other
tion, but until October in Russia too, the power and the author-! wellknown lawyers, of gross miscon-
j i i .. -ia ra xi ,. duct in the Department of Justice,
ltir lino Kaam -.-m li MIAbnAMi .wi r nnr.lt (1 I I UVT 11C Til ITf Mn
u in 'piroocoouvjui v the coramiu of twelve emtinue to;imme(iate trade relatio.1 with Soviet
country at alh-tho half -autocratic Prussia, republican France , f. A . , mM, fJL1 ,rJde reUtlf w,th
V ' I i l ' 1 ' 1 I l I I I .11"! 1 1VUU J' It UIIV 1 U' lO I US Si ft
or the iso-callcd democratic United States ot America every-1 and figures in substantiation of their
where big capital has the whole power in its hands. A small contention.
erenm rvf nMvnlA-J hio- rinriWs landlords and manufacturers , How Russian workers in thiB country
O T- "0 ' 1 w
keep millions and millions of workers and poor peasants in
slavery aired in servitude, force them to exert their strength
to the utmost and drive them into the street when they are no
longer of any use, when they are exhausted by the strain of
work, have lost their strength, and can no longer earn profits
for Mr. Capitalist.
It is wealth which gives this terrible power over millions
of the toilers to the hankers and the manufacturers. "Why
must the poor man die of hunger when he is driven out upon
the 'streets. Because he rpoissesatos nothing but a pair ot nanas
and feet which he can sell to the capitalist when he needs
them. Why can the rich banker or manufacturer spend his
days doing nothing and rake in a sure income, why can he
live in superfluity and, every hour, every day, every moment
heap up fresh profits? Because he not only possesses a pair of
hands and feet, but also the means of work with out which
one cannot work: factories, machines, railrodais, mine's, land,
sailing and steam vessels, all possible apparatus and different
mstrumenits. This accumulated wealth belongs, the world over,
with the exception of Russia, only to the capitalists and the
landlords, who have become capitalists also. In such a con
dition of affairs, it is no wonder that a small number of people
who hold all the necessities in their possession, should rule
the reminder who possess nothing. The poor man goes from
the country to the city in order to seek work. From whom?
From the propertvholder. From the possessor ot a tactory or
a foundry. The owner can discipline or favor. When his faith
ful servants the directors and the bookkeepers calculate
that it will be more profitable to take on now workmen than
to keep the old, then he will "give work." If the calculation
turns out otherwise, he says to the worker: Go your way! The
capitalist is a God, a Kaiser in his own factory. Everyone is
eubiect to him, evervone obeys his orders. The iactory is ex
tgrtcVd on curtaUed at his ordorAt his order, the management
discharges or takes on workers He decides how much the
workers must work, how much wages they are to receive.
And this is the case because the factory is his factory, the
foundry, his foundry, it belongs to him, is his private property.
This right of private possession of the means of production,
is precisely the cause of this fearful power, which is in the
hands of 'the capitalists.
Tho same thine: happens in reference to land. Let us con-
eider the most free and the most democratic countrythe
United States, which the bourgeoisie is always dinning into
our ears. Thousands of workers there cultivate land tinat is
not their own. the land which belongs to the biggest pro
prietors, capitalists. Everything is arranged on these farms as
in an enormous factory: tens and hundreds of tractor plows,
(Continued on page 4.)
GERMAN ELECTION VIEWS
BERLIN, June 7 "Germany, as in
the year 1919, is again faced by
chaos." Such was the swift verdict of
the Berliner Tageblatt while yet the
German general election returns were
Though thf final outcome may not
perhaps completely j.istify such a
depth of despair, it certainly looked
as if the maintenance of stable govern
ment was being jeopardized. Two of
the three coalition parties namely,
the Democratic and the Majority Soc
ialist have suffered defeats almost
approaching a catastrophe, and as
anticipated the consequent gains standi
to the credit of the extremists at
both ends. The Berlin workers have
voted in the proportion of about three
to one for the Independents as against
the Majority Socialists, though the
latter have done better in some other
parts of the country.
of the state of Britain's financ of since
the tremendous losses Tom the war
"It appalls me to nink of what
might happen unless peat is restored",
The Premier's speech, needless to
say, met a hostile reception on the
part of the representatives of the
banking interests and w fanatical ir
reconeiables, but the Homier asserted
that he was well aware that the great
masses of the countryjpere in favor
of peace with Russia.
It was seen today thit while opposi
tion may be strong tothc opening of
trade relations, peace ,-jWith Russia is
"Beginning of End," Herald Says.
"It is the egtanintfifof the end and
La' rr has won its biif victory," said
the London Herald to.
The conference w1i:2sonin today
met an organized opposition in for
eign comment. Press dispatches from
France were especially hostile. They
were seen, however, as efforts on tho
part of French financiers to embarrass
For the most part, they contained
announcements of discoveries of the
usual plots of Lenin and Trotzky to
overthrow the governments of Europe.
Trade developments are sure to fol
low, however, the settlement of the po
litical questions, chief among which
are the Polish war and the Asiatic
Before the matters are settled, Kras-
sin has declared that Russia must have
The avowed reactionaries of the
National Peoples 's Party have gained
considerably, but the most sensational
to overthrow- cto"eS avC a"en to tnc Pepl's
rarty. netoro it adopted tho name,
after tho revolution, of the People's
Party it was called the National Liber
al Party. Under the new name, as
under the old, it represents wealth.
Just before the latest election the
party underwent a complete reorgani
7ation and with the unlimited monev at
its disposal it conducted a campaign of
propaganda whose intensity and en
thusiasm seems to be justified by the
In the late National Assembly, with
only about a score of members, it was
a negligible quantity. Now it is the
new factor in German politics and the
man behind the scenes is Hugo Stihnes,
millionaire owner of all kinds of in
dustrial enterprises, including sixty
four newspapers. His recent buying up
of a number of leading journals was
the first sign that the German capital
ists intended making a gTeat bid for
Vorwaerts, organ of the Majority
Socialists bewails the election result as
meaning "the sharpening of class
war." Vorwaerts points out that while
the whole Socialist movement even
assuming eventual unity between its
various sections has reached a stand
still, reaction is advancing.
the guarantee of the Allies that at
tacks on Soviet Russia will cease.
Among the assurances which England
asks is that Russia will not invado
The exchange of such guarantees are
thought to be tho first step toward
peace and perhaps diplomatic relations.
These arc the chief questions of the
MEXICO NOT ASKED TO RETURN
WASHINGTON, June 7. The United
States Government has made no repre
sentations to Mexico for the return to
hix rinintrv of American draft evaders
who took refuge in that country during
the wnr. It was ueciarou m mu owic
Dopnrtmont todny that this Govern
ment has had no dcnlings with the new
Murlm in Mexico nor with any indi
viduals claiming to represent the Mcx-1
Although Salvador Diego Fernandez,
tho Charge d 'Affaires of the former
Carranza Government, has advised the
State Department that ho has with
drawn from that office and has turned
the Mexican Embassy over to repre
sentatives of the new regime, it was
stated that the Department hud not
concerned itself with tho matter
further than to note the Chargo's re
tirement from authority.
Neither formnl nor informal trans
action will bo carried on by tho State
Depatrmont with tho Mexican Embassy
until the matter of American recogni
tion of tho now Mexicnn Government
shnll havo boon definitely settled.
Lenin Urges Farm and Shop Unity on Union Congress
Third Labor Congress of Piifsia Links Crafts With
Moscow International in Class Solidarity.
The Third Union Congress of Soviet Russia, according to Finnish news-.Calls for more discipline.
MEXICO EXPELS REDS
New Government Takes 8tep to Check
mrttcki CITY. June. 7. -Fivo Bol
shevik! havo been expelled from Mex
ico City and tnken to Tampico, where
they embarked for Havana.
Tlireo Russians, formerly living on
the cast side In New York, who ar
rivod horc during tho war to escape
military service, were arrested last
week. A search of their rooms revealed
BoMctM propnganda. Ono of them
MUMd BtOU was identified as the
msn who wiw working with the strikers
in Tampico Inst November. President
do la Hucrta ordered the expulsion.
Chief of Police Amieva of Mexico
Citv has received orders to arrest all
BoMhtviM and extreme radicnls, who
will be deported Tho Government is
determined not to permit Mexico to bo
come a centre of propaganda.
papers just received by the Federated Press, convened at Moscow in the
middle of April. Delegates, 1,588 in number, from all parts of Russia, Turk
estan, Ukraino and Don were present, representing 4, 328,009 members.
Tho congress was opened by Tomskij, president of the All-Russian
Federation of Trade Unions, who, in his opening address, emphasized that
his congress, on the experiences of two and one-half years, must call the at
tention of the unions to the solving of the important economical problems
facing the workers of Russia during tho transition period to peaceful recon
struction. As to international relations, he said, tho Russian appeals to tho
workers of the world will rcce-ivo a response that will create a basis for a
strong trade union international under the banner of the Third International.
Addresses of welcome were delivorcd by Kalinin, Bucharin, Rukoff and
Radok, and by representatives of various parties. Greetings were sent to tho
Unite Farm and Factory Lenin,
On the second day Nicolai Lenin welcomed the delegates on bohalf of
the Soviot Government.
"Transition from military to economic problems is characteristic of
the present period," ho sale". "The purpose of Communistic policy is to abolish
classes as well as the distinttion between workers and peasants. Only through
the united efforts of the workers and peasants can Socialism be realized. The
proletariat must croate a new system.
"It is impossible to gain freedom only through loyal solidarity and
enthusiasm It requires work of long duration; it requires a moral and organ
ising strength of all workers creatod by the dictatorship of the proletariat.
This dictatorship is rightful because the peasant masses are without the bond
of unity and discipUne. These qualities brought the victory over the capitalist
states which have more cannons and droadnaughts.
"Soviet Russia is powerful on account of this strong voluntary nnlty.
This unity Is strenthened by the congresses of the workers and peasants. No
country has in a hundred years had so many congresses as Russia during
tho last few years. No country has gained such a spirit of democracy. Our
congress are marked by enthusiasm and unanimity. This Incomparable spirit
of voluntary association is tho basis of the strength of Soviet power, The
orders of the Soviot Government are obeyed without reluctance Ty the work
era and peasants.
Jimmy Higgins Gives His Views
On How to Do It
The truest bit of philosophy on the face of the earth
is that contained in the five word statement of our illust
rious orator Jimmy Higgins, depicted in the accompany
ing drawing. Jimmy is not much given to oratory, he is
generally too busy DOING to have time to TALK. HE
knows that it i3 far better to DO a thing and talk about it
afterward if it has to 'be talked about, than to just talk
and talk without deeds. But when James is forced to talk
he says something worth listening to as witness the wis
dom in this speech.
It is only because of tho necessities of the present
emergency n which The Toiler is involved because of the
print paper situation, that we were able to prevail upon
Jimmy to say a few words in these columns. Even at that
it required some coaxing. Says Jimmy, "while I'm shoot
ing off to these guys, teling them what they already know,
I could be out minding up a few dollars to get paper for
the next issue." "But", we remonstrated, "folks have
to be reminded occasionally to do even the things they
want to do. They need to be told how and when to do them.
You tell 'em", we said, and he did. And we pass it on to
you because Jimmy nor any one else ever told 'the truth in
"The proletariat which so far has been organized by trades, is now or
ganiz'iig itself as a class. The question is to help this class to reach its aim.
This will be realized before all by discipline. Now, in the first place, organizing
unity and moral education are necessary. We need more discipline, more
personal responsibility, more dictatorship. These conditions arc essential for
"The Communists form the advance guard to tho worker's army. If
all organized workers and peasants will follow the decisions of the Communist
congresses are marked by enthusiasm and unanimity. This incomparable spirit
Following Lenin's speech, tho congress adopted a resolution favoring
1. Tho publication of an appoal to all workers of Soviet Russia to begin
a united struggle against economical disorganization;
2. Tho immediate adoption by every union of a thorough and firm labor
3. Renewcu efforts to induce all workers to take part through their
unions in communistic policy under the leadership of the Communist party for
tho bonefit of tho Russian working class.
Unions Join Third International.
Tho congress further decided, upon hearing the report of the Commissar
of Labor, that it is the duty of the commissar to sec to it that the decisions
arrivod t by the various congress and other workers' organs concorning labor
questions aro really put into effoct. Further, that unions mnst have moro con
trolling power in tho Commissariat of Labor. The members of the oxecutivo
eommittoo of tho Commissariat must be elected by tho trade union congress or
by local congresses or',by their executive committees. The factory committees,
it was also agreed, must work in accordance with the decisions of tho organi
zations of their trade. The factory committoos arc under tho control of tho
After tho spoecb by Radok, tho congress adopted a resolution by which
tho Russian Trade Uni n movement, joins tho Third International. An appeal
will be sent to tho orgnnited workors of all countries to follow the cxamplo of
tho Russian Trado UnU n movomcnt.
Tho congross ref nrdod trado education as tbo most important part of
tho odusational work of the workers' state in order that every branch of In
dustry may havo competent workers. Education must bo developed to embrace
all phases of tho life andj illiteracy must be fought with vigor.
And you know that Jimmy is right. We know it
every body knows it. It is one of the facts of human
r liistory that cant be gotten around. Cooperation IS the-
biggest single fact of human history. Because of it, and
for other reason you and we are here instead of beting
non-existamt; positive proof of the truth of Jimmy s state
ment. And because we are here and because we HAVE to,
we must apply the logic of history to present problems.
Whether these problems be big ones or little ones, the ap
plication must be made if they are to be solved advantage
ously. We never know of a better chance to apply the philos
ophy of Jimmy's statement than the present appeal of
The Toiler to its readers for donations of dollar bills to
help it purchase a supply of print paper for the ensuing
months. If there was ever a bettor chance to prove that
statement than is here offered we are not aware of it. And
we are proving that PULLING TOGETHER does pay.
That is, you are proving it, proving it by your one,
two five and in some cases, ten dollar donations. We be
lieve you will accept your own proof as good proof.
As wo told you last week we were going to purchase
200 reams of print stock believing that our promise to
pay very soon would be backed up by our readers. We
have bought it and this issue is printed on part of it. Be
cause of the PULLING TOGETHER of so many Toiler
readers, because of the dollars they have sent us for print
stock, wo got that paper, $750.00 worth. Because we have
been PULLING TOGETHER, we have accomplished this.
Pulling together still more will enable us to keep The
Toiler in the f ielfl in spite of any and all difficulties.
A comparative few of us have made The Toiler and
kept it on the job by pulling together. We can keep it on
tho battle front by continueing the same good policy of
pulling ALTOGETHER until we have secured enough to
meet its needs for print paper.
You can prove that you are pulling in co-operation
with us by remitting a dollar, or more, TODAY!
To the Wor kers of Toledo
Wm. D. Haywood
Will Speak At
The Labor Temple
SUNDAY, JUNE 20, 2:30 P.M.
"The Need of Workingclass Solidarity"
All work ore aro cordially invited. If parasites insist
ou attending we shall not turn thorn away.
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