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EDITOR .Elmer T. AIUbm
Published weekly by the Toiler
Telephone: Harvard 3639.
CLEVELAND, OHIO, FRIDAY, JUNE 18th, 1920.
.i i i i i i ii ,, w
THE GERMAN ELECTIONS
EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE TOILER
speech of one of the party's fossils to the latest resorts of intrigue, bribbery
and chicanery, it has been shot thru and thrn with every evidence of the
coin, has steam rolled out of existence all opposition in its path. There have
liberal and vicious use of money as against principle and consideration of the
wishes of the people as voiced at the primaries. The wishes of the primary
voters have long since been forgotten. The machine, the one which carries the
been open confessions of votes bought and sold at a price Indicating that
win, will steam roller out of existence all opposition in its path There has
MAY DAY IN BRITAIN
Our May Day for 1920 has come and
gone. In Britain millions of workers
from John o' Groats to Land's End
stopped work. The Red Flag of tho
Internationale was unfurled in great
parks and on tiny village greens.
The recent German elections indicate that the workingclass of that
troubled Republic have at least learned a little during the past two years
of travail due to the war and the peace, which is almost as bad. They have
turned leftward for their representatives in the national assembly.
While reports of Communist strength are disappointing, Left elements
there and elsewhere may content themselves in finding sufficient reasons
therefor in the slow and methodical Teutonic manner of arriving at a certain
point. If Communists find little consolation in the elections, no less can
capitalism and the reactionaries find comfort therein.
The outstanding features of the incomplete returns are that the govern
mental machine, the Mapjority Socialists, broken down and been scraped by
the voters. Class lines have been drawn tighter and are sharply defined.
Gains have been made almost entirely by the Left and Right, tho not by the
extreme Left and Right.
The Independent Socialists, representing the Left group have won great
strength in the industrial centers which figured so prominently in the recent
rebellion. These gains are directly attributable to that revolt and indicate the
progress made in the German industrialist mind in the past few months.
The German Peoples ' Party or Populists, figure in the role of business
man '8 party, a party of capitalism which speakes the mind of German capital
ism taking the offensive. There are other parties in between these two and
the Nationalists and Communists at the extreme Right and Left. The in
between parties lose to both Left and Right and there seems little possibility
that any sort of a working agreement will come about between any groups.
The exasperating slowness of the development of the German proletar
ian revolution strikes a chill upon communists generally. Nevertheless, we
may be satisfied of the fact which theelections prove: that there is to be
no settling down to apathy of the German workers. German workers are
slowly reacting to the economic necessity and spirit of the times. The rest
we must leave to time.
The Germas revolution can only develop along lines governed by racial
characteristics, politico-social development and industrial growth,
THE POWER OF PRINT
Op r ' I m .rwt ri f 1 1 irw wavo tint ) aariAn a
the holders realized their value. While the Cardinal sought with closed eyes' j , . . , .
'" and gay. We strove to enter into the
divine guidance, the delegates had their optics glued epon the trough from spirit of Mav. and sometimes, v. it
which they have since swilled their full. The glitter of the coin was gnidence
enough for them to the devil with the Cardinal and the Almighty!
No political convention ever sounded the gavel with less of principle,
less of integrity, less social purpose in its programs that this miserable af
fair at Chicago. However it is not surprising that this is true. When a politic
al party becomes a mere pupet in the hands of predatory capital, a tool with
which to keep from the people at large their just and worthy dues, it cannot
at such a time maintain a front of deceptive purity. Its rottenness seeps
thru the thin veneer. This is what has happened to the Republican party.
Rotten at the heart the pus has at last soaked thru and rotted the whole
fabric. The "Party of Lincoln" has become a putrid mass fit only for
But it will not be buried yet. The American voters, for whom the
Cardinal has such high hopes, will march to the polls as to a holiday and
put those who have been out, IN, and those who have been in, OUT. To
expect more at this stage of the American workingclass voter's social and
class consciousness, is to expect the impossible which is no less than In
embodied in the Cardinal's prayer.
POLAND'S DA Y
The Trebling of the German People's Party vote and representation
in the elections has brought to light news of interest regarding the influence
of the press in molding public opinion.
The People's party, previously the National Liberal party, went into
eclipse when the monarchy collapsed. It has been revived principally thru
the tactics employed by one of Socialist (?) Germany's biggest capitalists
and exploiters of labor, Hugo Stinnes. Stinnes represents aroused German
capitalism making a determined stand against the rise of communistic
thought. The increase of representation gained for the People's party indtcates
how effective were the means employed.
Stinnes is now Germany's newspaper king. He is also a king
in other financial and Industrial enterprises. Besodes owning sixty
five newspapers and magazines he also controls mines, steel mills, ship lines,
paper factories and hotels. It would be hard to conceive of an existence for
even a day in Germany without paying tribute to Hugo Stinnes, so universal
Is his control of necessities.
He is the power behind the People's party, supplying the necessary
funds. For months he has been quietly buying influential newspaper? and
periodicals. Thru control of these means of information the public mind was
largely molded along the lines indicative of the best interests of Stinnes and
capitalist interests generally. The tremenduotis vote gained by the party in
the elections is the direct result.
However, there is a certain artificiality in influence gained in such
manner. Tremenduous as is the power of the public press .there is a fundament
al and basic cause of human activity which in the end will rule the mass and
which no public press can turn aside or controvert. This is the economic
needs of the people. Their very miseries provoke them to thots and
measures which are elemental in their nature and over which the veneer
and conventionalities of civilization have no influence whatsoever.
The riBo of the People's party (capitalist party) is indicative of a last
determined struggle of capitalism to erect a machine for the self perpetuat
ion of capitalism in Germany. The class lines are now more tightly drawn
than heretofore. The miserable, makeshift, compromising Majority Socialist
power has been broken. The battle henceforth lies between predatory capital
ism and a developing working class-consciousness.
A capitalist controlled press is on unequal weapon in that battle. The
masses will eventually win.
THE CARDINAL'S PRAYER
Governor Cox of Ohio has joined the Polish White Guard. Well, not
exactly. That is, he has not gone to the Polish front to back up the Red
Bolshevik army by no means. He has found a means of serving the imperial
istic, land-hungry Polish bourgeoisie in a perfectly safe tho insanse manner.
Last Lord's Day was Polish day according to Cox. A perfect day to
upon which to launch a "drive" to carry on ar imperialistic war! The Polisa
White Guard drive in America for 50,000,000 dollars has been lagging. It clos
ed last Tuesday. "Polish Day" was calculated to put it over the top.
While Polish nationalists in America and American bourgeois supporters
are anxiously boosting the cause of imperialism, a glance at internal Poland
would not be amiss. For many weeks past intornal affairs of Poland have
been assuming a threatening attitude. The miseries and suffering of the
people, due to the imperialistic war have resulted in serious strikes and
social disturbances. A schism has developed in the government resulting in
the resignation ef the cabinet on June 10th. The immediate cause of the
quitting of the cabinet was opposition to the policy of the government in
seeking to establish a buffer state between Russia and Polland. Also the
National Democrats say they will refuse to participate in a government made
np largely of socialists who Insists upon peace ra the Bolshevist.
Another significant occurrence is that due to the fact that the com
munist railroad workers of Cecho-Slovakia siezed 36 carloads of war amunitlons
in transit from Italy to the Polish front, Poland has retaliated with an em
bargo on petroleum and benzine to Cecho-Slovakia, The Cech government is
reported to be inclined to yield bnt the railroad workers have served notice
of an immediate general strike if it doos so. Late movements on the war
front credit the Bolsheviks with important victories. In view of these facts
we would advise Gov. Cox that Poland's day, insofar as its imperialistic
designs are concerned will soon be enshrouded in blackest night.
"Grant that the proceedings of this convention may bo marked
by wisdom, discretion, concord, harmony and mutual forbearence
worthy of an enlightened and patriotic body of American citizens".
With the above pious wish, Cardinal Gibbons closed his prayer to God
Almighty at the opening of tho Republican Party convention at Chicago.
Presumably tho Cardinal believed then in the efficacy of prayer. We don't.
We wonder now, in the light of later convention developments If the Cardin
al does anymore. If his faith remains unshaken we congratulate him upon
having a 100 percent proof skull. Nothing that he prayed for has come about It
scorns that the Cardinal picked an entirely impossible feat for even omnlBC
ienco to perform. So much the worse for the Cardinal. To expect such ac
complishments from a Republican party convention is prepostorous in the ex
treme; to pray for them is appropoi to an insult to the intelligence of the
power which the worthy Cardinal scorns to believe rules this mundane sphere
and all therein, Including the rotten podtical convontionR of putrid politics.
Everything emanating from the convention smells to heaven of tho
decaydence that marks present day capitalistic politics. From the "keynote"
Li 1828 the school board of Lancaster, Ohio, authorized the writing of the
"You are welcome to use the schoolhouse tD debate all proper questions;
but such things as railroads and telegraphs are impossibilities and rank in
fidelity. There is nothing in the World of God about them. If God had
designed that his intelligent creatures should travel at the frightful speed of
fifteen miles an hour by steam he would have clearly foretold it through hi;
holy prophets. It is a device of Satan to lead immortal souls down to hell."
The above historical document is evidence that there was at that date a
very close connection between Church and State. While they were snpposed to bo
separate, in fact they were by the religious opinion! then prevalent in close
connection. We have practically completed the separation since that time and
it may be said that the development of the steam engine was instrumental in
establishing that condition. The school Ma'am no longer (except In very isol
ated communities) opens school with the Lord's Prayer or a reading from
the New Testament To do so would in all probability provoke a neighborhood
row in these days.
We no longer gage the possibility or utility of a new invention by what
is said or not said in the Bible concerning it. Wo have gotten at least that
far on the road to a sane conception of life. As is readily seen in the for
going letter, there was a test case at hand betweon the new and the old
between science and superstition between the conception based npon ideas
handed down from the dark ages and the budding science developing from
discoveries In natire's ways and means. As usual the new won. The telegraph
worked, the steam engine actually run at better than "15 miles an hour".
That was the test uid right there tho Bible began to fall Into disuse as a
guide for humaa life.
But we have not yet set the schoolhouse free from the grasp of antl
deluvlan ideas. Practically all subjects which agitate the minds of men may
now be discussed freely in tho school houses of the country except one
that dealing with the right of tho capitalist class to extract profit from the
workers thru their ownership of industry and control of the State, This
subject-workers' control of industry Socialism, is taboo In our centers of
Lancaster youths and maids may now look up from their text books of
science as the snorting, hissing monsters of steel fly past without tbot or fear
of any Biblical Injunction against them but the kacradneis of tho system of
exploitation is still taught them. Nevertheless, ovojlution of industry still con
tinues. That which began In tho discovery of the use of steam power and
electricity must and will evolve in its natural order Into workingclass control
of these machines of production.
This will come about in spite of capitalist co ttrol of tho schoolhouse
the exuberance of youth or with an
assumption of it, let oarselves go with
dance and song.
In every great center it was a re
cord day. Manchester vied with Brad
ford, Glaseow with London. Bourne
mouth in the west with Ipswich in
the east. Everywhere the keynote of
all the speeches and of all the singing
was that liae of William Morris'
"The Dawn and the Day is coming,
and forth the banners go "
In every great town it was a glorious
sight to see the women and children
marching and ridiag to the meeting
places with ' red flags, red roeettes,
and for us greatest joy of all nearly
everybody wearing our "roaster,"
symbolic of "The Herald of tho
That was in Britain. But perhaps
the most significant of all things
about May Day is that it is inter
national. The capitalist press has been
sneeringly telling us that May Day
as Labor Day isn't an English festival,
that it came to us from abroad. That
is true. It is true of other things
than May Day, Tt is true, for instance,
of Christmas Day.
So, not in this country only, but
the world over, men and women of
the working class kept Saturday as
thoir festival, the day sacred to their
vows and their hopes for the future
of the world.
And at every meeting our minds
went to our Comrades across the seas
moat of all to the workers of Rus
sia, now onco again called upon for a
supreme effort and a supreme sacrifice
for thciV ideals, which are also ours.
Today we send to our friends every
where a message of love and good
cheer, especially to the women who,
giving up a day's rest, marched with
their men, some of them many miles;
and to the mighty host of Co-operators,
who decorated motor car and wagon
cart and van, with such wonderful
May Day for the moment is past
and done. Yet it never passes. Every
day is labor's day, for without labor
there would be no life. So eaeh day
let our determination grow stronger,
our faith moro clear. Owen and Mor
ris, Liebknecht and Jaures, Hardie,
Rosa Luxembourg, and a million others
passed out before the coming of this
May Day, but they shared in its tri
umphs, and we, too, on tho day the
workers of the world have forever
shaken tho shackles of capitalism to
tho dust, will share in the shout of
triumph, from a thousand million
throats, will herald in tho Internation
Communism in Mexico.
Capitalism cannot put a curb on evolutionl
There is only one Magazine published
in English in Mexico and it is a Com
munist monthly. Every Communist
should read it and know, first hand,
what the Mexican Communists and tho
Mexican T. W. W. are doing, and what
is tho real significance of tho Obregon
revolution that has just triumphed. This
magazine is "Gale's Journal of Revo
lutionary Communism". Typical ar
ticles havo been: " Mado in tho U.
S. A. the Civil War in Mexico";
"Who is Financing Fancho Villa";
"Tho Communist Party of Mexico";
"Open Letter to tho Devil."
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Address The Toiler,
The Black Sheep
(Continued from page 2nd)
sociology, not from an extensive know
ledge of actual shop conditions, but
from books and observation of life
phenomena in tho natural world. He
did not realire that while thero is
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such ft thing as comparative anatomy
between man and animals as well as
comparative physiology and psychology,
that in tho very nature of the thing
thero could bo no such comparison
in economics. Man's industrial prob
lems are not biologic in their nature,
but economic. It was this point that
he did not soo. He looked thru the
eyos of a naturalist, while his friends
looked at tho world from the industrial
Buth Rudolph and Collins were
agreed that as far as historic and
biologic fact was concerned, Jack was
right, but they insisted that he lacked
a dear understanding of the material
ist conception of history. "You are
tainted with high brow psychology,"
fid Collins. "You look at life like
an abstract philosophy. Wait till yoa
have been in tho working class for
about fivo or six years and you will
have the viewpoint of the bindle stiff
ground pretty woll into you. The
mental anglo from which a man
views things is to a groat extent
determined by tho condition of his
stomach and his hands," Collina as
While Collins was speaking Jack
had been looking for his note book in
order to return to tho fray. He notic
ed that several pagoshad been cut out
but he said nothing altho he suapeot
ed that sevoral pages had been cut out
spring some xuprise on him. He did not
dream however that Collins had sent
these notes to Olive Anderson, nor
tho offoct that this sending act would
havo upon his suscqucnt career, for
while they were arguing tho problems
of life, lifo was sotting a snare that
ultimately entrapped Jack In the
radical movement as an active factor.
After a few more deaultary. remarks
Collins said, "Lot's tako a trip to
Harrison and see if thero is any mail
for I fool It in my bones that
one of us is going to have some wel
(Continued next week)