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The toiler. (Cleveland, Ohio) 1919-1922, July 16, 1920, Image 4

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Mexico Not Expelling Bolshe
vists and Exiles
By Linn A. E. Gale.
Mexico City. Despite the fact that
the New York Times correspondent
here proposed to Genera Obregon the
extradition of all American political
exiles hack to the United States, and
despite a steady stream of lying re
ports sent out by newspaper men
here, nothing of the kind has been
done.
There rc several Radicals in the
administration who declare emphatic
ally that while Obregon did not care
to flatly refuse extradition, he has
no intention of granting the request.
Others who make no pretense of rad
icalism, however, say the same thing.
The general impression is that the
government wants to pla'- "safe"
with both the capitalists and the Ra
dicals, and will do nothing aggressive
to anger either side, on the theory
that it can then jump on the band
wagon of the winners at any time
that international conditions seem to
warrant it. A sort of "progressive
liberalism ' ' will, therefore, be in vogue
for the present. While it will mean
scant amelioration of the condition
of the masses, neither will it mean
any persecution of them or of labor
organizations net yet, anyway. Work
ers say this is all they ask just now.
They do not want to try to set up
Soviets yet they are not well enough
organized. But in a year or so, if
they are left alone and permitted to
construct a powerful industrial mov
ement thru the Mexican I. W. W., they
will be in a position to wrest power
iron1 the bourgeoisie.
A great hullabalro was recently mare
in certain newspaper articles eman
ating from Mexico City, in which it
was stated that four Russian Bol
shevists had been jailed and would
lie deported. As a matter of fact, the
four were not Bolshevists but merely
youths who fled from Poland tnd
eventually found their way to Amer
ica. Reaching Mexico they unwisely
went to the Russian "consul" who is
a hold over from the czar's regime
and not only without any authority
The White Terror iri Hungary
By Ernest Lorsy,
n.
The visit of our Italian comrades was remarkable in more
than one respect, I had the opportunity to question them
thoroughly after their return to Vienna about their impression
and intentions. I found them deeply moved by what they had
seen and determined to do all they could to secure to the Hun
garian workers the assistance of the workers in other lands in
fighting against their tortures. The Italian Delegates took the
Hungarian Premier to task about some of the cases selected
from the gigantic mass of documentary evidence which has
been collected. The premier gave them evasive, embarrased
stammering answers. They wanted to visit these cellars of
Budapest hotels, where the innocent victims of officer-terrorist
troops are daily ill treated and killed by choice tortures, but
the prime minister declared it was beyond his power to author
ize the entrance into these military torture-chambers.
The Italian delegates further asked for an explannation of
the death sentences that had been passed and executed on a
number of communists by the exceptional courts not formed
according to law. This has been promised but not ful-filled.
The verdicts in question are shocking and may compete with
tbe worst judicial murders known, in the criminal history of
nations.
The delegates wanted to see Kecskemet, one of the towns
where the officers of the terror-troops dragged out of prison
several hundreds of perfectly innocent workers (here their
number was 397), who were imprisoned without warrant in the
prison of the laweourt, tortured, castrated and finally killed.
They were not allowed to do so. They wanted to talk, in the
prisons of Budapest, to the former People's Commissioners,
awaiting trial. They got permission to do so, but then the
minister of justice was disavowed and the permission to visit
the prisons revoked. No information could be given by Hun
garian authorities to the. Italian delegates as to the where
abouts of numberless murdered persons; they simply insisted
that they never heard these names.
Of course Delia Seta and Vella wished to visit the numer
ous confinement camps, where the relatives of the imprisoned
or murdered socialists as well as person of socialist or in any
wav radical convictions together with small profiteers - the
big ones are free and highly honored are kept imprisoned
and slowly starved to death. Against these prisoners not even
the Hungarian attornev general had been able to find the
slightest pretext for any kind of indictment.
Out of the twelve larre confinement camos the one next
to represent the Soviet government, , -n -i i tt i sr j i i e n.. ,.,:,
but .mtnnllv a treacherous scoundrel m.ij j j i
and was to be shown to tne Italians, rrevious to tnat long ex
pected visit tilings there may have resembled the bustle in
a barrack right before the visit of the general in commend.
Great masses of food, chiefly flour- bags, had been heaped up
to give the impression how well the interned were provided
for. These flour bags had arrived in motor-cars from Budapest
on the eve of the Italian visit.
The two delegates asked the interned how they were
treated. Their faces betrayed that they yearned to speak but
just as much they dreaded the issue if they did. At last a
man stepped forth and volunteered the following:
who work; hand in hand with the
American embassy. With characteristic
perfidy, the "consul" had the lads
arrested on a trumped-up charge ar.d
they were held a few days in the
local police station. It is probable
that the consul's real object was to
1TeSrtnem for money as this is bis
customary mode of procedure. Hfl has
frequently sold fake Russian pas
ports and then tipped off the Amer
ican authorities so they could catch
the unfortunate purchasers in Havana
or elsewhere after they left Mexico.
In any event, when the truth concern
ing the affair was brot to the at
tention of the officials, the boys wer:
released.
Most dependable of all the inform
ation as to the government 's probably
attitude toward slackers, is the stat
ement made by President De la Iuer
ta to one of the members o the
Chamber of Deputies. A Hindu who
escaped tbe wrath of the British go
vernment a couple of years ago by
fleeing to Mexico, received a notice
to appear before an official in tbe
attorney general's department and was
astonished to note that his real name
appeared on the summons
been using an assumed name during
his stay here, as a protection against
possible attempts of the British gov
ernment to "get" him, and his real
name was known to very few persons.
Answering the summons, he was
questioned by a clerk in the office
in question, asked if he was a Bol
shevist and interrogated regarding bis
activities here, then allowed to 30
without being advised of the purpose
of the inquiry or the probable result.
A Deputy who had an appointment to
see the President, was asked to look
into the matter and accordingly took
it up with He la llucrta who unhesit
atingly and emphatically responded
that any such procedure was entirely
unauthorized and thnt the government
would not expel anybody, regardless of
his political or economic beliefs. He
added that evidently one of the gov
ernment clerks was trying to scare
the Hindu in question ami hold him
up for such money, and that the mat
ter would be probed thoroljr.
Mesnwhile, the newly organized Me
xican T. W. W. is goiug ahead with an
extensive work of organization, as
also is the Communist Party.
The Bolshevists and "slackers" are
still alive and doing well in Mexico.
Altho they cannot read the future,
they are not fearful about it.
As a rule the Mexicans, even tbe
anti Socialists, are rarely inclined to
obey the dictates of foreign capitalists
or their governments. They hnvc felt
the iron heel too often. It is doubt
ful if Wall Street will aver be able
to exact extradition from any govern
ment of native Mexicans but if it
ever should succeed in seating a gov
ernment that would obey it in tlui
regard, the political exiles here are
hopeful that the Mexican Social Re
velution will be so near at haad that
The prisoners did not dare to talk because last time, when
they had answereq the question of a British Red Cross Mission,
they received 50 sltrikes each. None of them knew why they
were there, none o : them had yet been tried. Food was miser
able, scarce, irregular and disgusting. They were starving.
They were regularly flogged by the guards, mostly with the
flat of the swords; sometimes with sticks, with rubber batons,
with dog's whipsi with leather straps, with iron-braced pick
ets and sometimes with the palm of the hand. They were tried
to a stake as a punishment. The man showed the Italians the
stakes which werehised for this purpose.
The Italians discovered two scourges studded with lead and
a "nagaJka", which had been forgotten there by the guards
in their hurry. The other interned prisoners corroborated these
statements. Among them there were some old men absolutely
helpless, and sometregnant women very near their time, who
had been interned jto take revenge for not being able to find
their husbands, brothers or other relatives who had managed
to escape. ;J
The Italians ied to comfort all these poor people. This
was a welcome ,; tf)text for the Hungarian authorities to set
an end to this j"liEigreeble visit. They had reported to them
by the military efforts of the Italian delegates, that the. latter
had tried to mai communistic propaganda in Hajmasker,
and forbade them the visit of any more public institutions. The
delegates protested through the chief of the Italian Diplomat
ic Mission in Budapest against this stupidly concooted state
ment. As a matterlof fact they had, for the sake of their mis
sion as well for thlt of the interned, stricly refrained from any
word that might have been misinterpreted, and had left direct
ly after inspecting' the camp.
This visit has had two sequels. The first, a sad one, hap
pened in Hajmasker. As soon as the Italians were gone, a
review was held. One of the officers inquired: "Who is the
man who spoke to the Italians? The man reported himsalf and
stepped forth. Instantly armed officers and soldiers rushed on
him and knocked him down. He died of his injuries after
thirty-six hours. This incident is warranted by the confession
of a soldier, who, by order, had helped to ill treat this brave
man and who, tortured by remorse, has since fled from the
confinement camp to Vienna. This man, an absolutely reliable
eye-witness, has told us a lot of other horrible details about
life in Hajmasker.
The other sequel to the Hungarian sojourn of the com
rades, Bella Seta and Vella happened in Italy and probably
some more are going to follow it there and, it is hoped, in
other places also. The two delegates reported about, their ex
periences in the "hell of Europe" at a meeting of the Italian
Socialist Party on May 9th. They declared they were convinc
ed that the most barbarously horrible White Terror is raging
in Hungary The Italian proletariat knows what it must do.
It will appeal to the Labor Parties of all countries. It will ap
peal to the workers of the world to do all the- can to put ar
end to this dipta Besides the delegates have interrogated
the Italian government, in order to compel it to abandon its
attitude of passuve toleration towards the rule of terror in
Hungary.
(To be continued.)
RUMINATIONS OF A REBEL
By Tom Clifford.
Grinm necessity has at last driven
the American bourgeois government to
remove the trade embargo on Soviet
Russia. After Great Britain had enter
ed into a trade agreement with Russia,
with the prospect of securing the cream
of that country's market, continuance
of the embarge spelled suicide to Amer
ican manufacturers. The action was,
of course, grudgingly taken, but no
other course was possible. Markets
must be secured at once if a wide
spread industrial depression is to be
postponed. Signs of its approach are
not wanting, and the astute big fel
lows in industry have insisted that
their government come to their relief.
It came, all right, even at the sacrif
ice of pride. Some of the provisions in
the new policy are decidedly amusing.
For instance, the declaration that
"persons trading with Russia do so at
their own risk" will provoke broad
grins, if not hilarious merriment,
among the American manufacturers.
Since when did governments become
so paternal as to underwrite the ac
counts of their citizens or subjects
engaged in tradet Another declaration
'no political recognition is either
granted or implied" will doubtless be
be received with consternation at
Petrograd. Since Russia is now an
industrial government it has little con
sideration for the empty honor of
political recgnition. However, that
must eventually come as a necessary
concomitant of trade agreement, and
any declaration to the contrary is as
insincere as it is absurd. "Thus endeth
the first lesson."
i
Every citizen of Ohio ought to be
"one-stepping" about with his chest
protruding like unto that of a pouter
pidgeon, for hasn't the historical pro
ducer of Presidents "copped" both
the Democratic and Republican candi
dates! Don't permit any inconsequen
tial question of the competency of
either of these "saviors" to dampen
your ardor or minimize your exuber
ance much leas quibble because they
are handpicked for you by your mast
ers. Either of them can be depended
upon to hold aloft the banner of con
servatism, and isn't that the crying
need of the hour to prevent the Bol
shevics from running amuck and
of this great and glorious democratic
country t Just remember how kind and
considerate were your masters in as
suming the task of selecting the can
didates for you, thus conserving your
gray matter for the more necessary
work of production in the factory, for
which, through long experient, you aro
especially fitted. Don't allow any cap
tious critic to poison your mind by im
pugning the sincerity of these splendid
exponents of "one hundred per cent
Americanism." In choosing cither Cox
or Harding you can't go wrong. Both
will be loyal to the interests of your
masters, and what more can you askf
They are similar links of sausage from
the same bull pup. It is their business
to rule and yours to work. This is tho
constituted arrangement for the pre
servation of the capitalist state, and
if you are so ureasonable as to kick
about it, well then you are not a
good American citizen. Sabet
By the way, the selection of a
Roosavelt as the running mate for Cox
was a politic more that reflects credit
on the perspicacity of the politicians.
They know that there are a multitude
of worshipers of the big-toothed
swashbuckler, many of whom arc ignor
ant of his demise, and will support
the Democratic ticket thinking they
are voting for Teddy. This statement
may appear absurd, but just tho same
it is the gawd's truth. The politician's
host asset is the ignorance of tho
voters.
tat
The Allied governments are playing
in hard luck. It now seems certain that
the millions they expended in financ
ing Poalnd's aggressive warfare
against the Russian Soviet government
have been watsed. The hope that the
Poles would be successful is shattered
by the developments of the past week.
The last card has been played and
still the Soviet goes marching on.
Prom day to day the position of tho
bourgeoisie becomes more insecure
by tho increasing stability of the work
ers' industrial republic. On the whole,
the developments up to date should
be hope inspiring to the workers with
vision. The sun of the new day has
already appeared above the horizan
and is slowly but surely climbing
toward the zenith. Let us be joyful,
spreading their vicious propaganda j Comrades. Our dream is about to come
among the happy and contented people true.
The British Opium Monopoly
CHICAGO Ellen La Motte, an A
merican nurse, has just revealed the
horrors of the opium evil, in a book
t;tled "The Opium Monopoly". The
book is based upon Miss La Motte 'a
actual investigations in the Far East,
aiyl upon her study of the Britis'i
Blue Books.
The opium monopoly is a British
monopoly. It is spoken of as the
opium monopoly in the British Blue
Books. India is the source and sup-
He had P'-v t,ic BrM'h. opium trade: and it
is from 'ndin opium that the drug
Is supplied to the world, according to
Miss I. a Motte. The revenue derived
from opium directly in India alone
nets the British government over $15,
000,000 Aside from this sum thj
opium sold under the Excise Depart
ment, including opium and liquors,
net6 the government $50,000,000. These
excise ditties are collected on spirits,
beci, opium and intoxicating drugs. Li
Britisl pounds the figures were thus:
In 101617; Excise, 9,215,899 pounds
sterling; opium, 3,160,005 pounds sterl
ing: total revenue. 1 1 8,79f,96S pounds
-trling.
"A nation." says Miss La Motte,
"that enn subjugate 300,000,000 help
less people, and then turn them into
drug addicts for the sake of rcve
nne is a nation which commits a
coldblooded atrocitv unparalleled bv
any atrocities committed in the rage
and heat of war. The Blue Book shows
no horror at these figures, Complacent
approval greets the increase of 44 per
cent, of opium consumption, and the
increase of 67 per cent in the use of
other habit-forming druges Approval,
nnd a shrewd appreciation of possibilt
ies for more revenue from progress
ivelv higher rates of duty', knowing
well that drug addicts will sell soul
nnd body in order to procure their
dally supply."
One outstanding fact in this study
of the opium monopoly il that wher
ever tbe British flag wave over sub
ject peoples, whethor it be in India, in
the South Islands.' or even in South
America, there opium is sold, as cig
arettes are sold in the United States.
The British Isles are carefully guarded
against opium and drugs, as are Can
ada, Australia, aud South Africa.
Many instances are cited by Mis La
Motte in substantion of this conten
tion. Thus she points out that Shan
ghai is supposed to be a Chinese city.
Divided into two sections, one is un
der nominal Chinese control, one under
foreign concessions, known as the In
ternational Settlement. Over the lat
ter section China has no control. Al
though opium hns been abolished in Chi
nese territory, in this International
Settlement anyone may buy as much
opium ns he wishes "merely by step
ping over an imaginary line, into a
portion of the town where the rigid
anti-opium laws of China" do not
apply.
"In October, 1917, there were 87
licensed opium shops in the Interna
tional Settlement. In May, 1914, there
were 663. In 1907 the average month
ly revenue from opium licenses, dent
and shops combined, were tnels 5,450.
In May 1914, the revenue from
licenses nnd opium shops alone was
tnels 10, 995.... At the beginning of
the anti-opium campaign in 1907 there
were 700 dens (for smoking) in the
Native City and 1,600 in the Interna
tional Settlement. The Chinese closed
the dastardly project will never be
consummated.
Until then, the Mexican Bolshevlits
will center their every energy on the
upbuilding of an industrial organixa
tion so powerful that in its vise like
tfrir, capitalism will not be able to
emit evta a death peep
Czecho Troops Arouse
Curiosity
By Joseph Corbett,
VANCOUVER, B. C Who pays the
expenses of the 10,000 Czecho slovak
troops who arrived here a few days
ago and then passed over the lines of
the Canadian Government railways to
Valcartier camp, Quebec, where thoy
are demobilizing before departing for
their own land!
Even the private preaa of Vancouver
asks this question mildly. Labor u
asking it volubly and in some quart
ers answering it with the reply that
Britain is paying the bills of the
10.000 smiling soldiers who refused to
continue warfare against the Bolshc
vlki whom they regard as friends
rather than enemies.
It is doubtful if ever before has
the evidence of the international
character of the war on Soviet Rus
sia been manifested to plainly.
Blue Funnel and Dollar line bonis
PREDATORY FORCES RETARD
CREATIVES IMPULSE.
NEW-TORK A significant admis
sion that the machine process, if taken
out of the control of predatory forces,
could be made to further rather than
retard the ereathe impulse, is made
by Frederick L. Acker, in The
Architectural Forum, under such con
ditions, he declared, the world would
be made a pleasant place for every
body, instead of the few.
Mr. Aekerman's admission is in
direct contrast to the oft repeated as
sertion that the poverty of tbe masses
is due to the fact that machinery has their authority and instituted for
taken the place of manual work. Says: their benefit: and that they have, at
MARK TWAIN ON
CONSTITUTIONS
You see my kind of loyalty was
loyalty to one's country not its in
stitutions or its oficeholders.
The country is the real thing, the
substantial thing, the eternal thing'.
It is the thing to watch over, and
care for and be loyal to. Institutions
are extraneous, they are its mere
clothing, and clothing can wear out,
become ragged, cease to be comfort
able, cease to protect the body from
winter, disease and death.
To be loyal to rags, to shout for
rags, to worship rags, to die for rag
that is loyalty of unreason, it is pure
animal; it belongs to monarchy, was
invented by monarchy. Let monarchy
keep it!
It was from Connecticut, whose con
stitution declares "that all political
power is inherent in the people, and
all free governments are founded on
political clothes are worn out and yat
holds his peace, and does wrrrirgfrtrter"
for a new suit is disloyal he is a
traitor!
That he may be the only one who
thinks he sees this decay does not
excuse him. It is his duty to agitate
anyway, and it is the duty of others
to vote him down if they do not see
the matter as he does From a Yankee
in King Arthur's Court.
Mr. Ackermnn:
"I believe thoroughly that,, if the
machine process could be lifted out of
the control ef predatory forces, or if
we could bring our social and economic
institutions and industrial processes
into an hurmonious working, we could
create out of the machine process a
material environment which would be
superior, from the social standpoint.
unloaded the men here from Vladi !to anything thus far created by the
vostok. Chinese erews manned the
boats. A French general still in the
old land was in technical charge of
the transports, the men told a Federat
ed Press interpreter.
The soldiers wore uniforms supplied
by the Japanese. Their rifles were Leo
Enfields. Their knapsacks bore the
lettors "U. S." in large figures on a
knaki background. The Canndian Gov
ernment railroads speeded them to n
their dens and shops at once. In the military camp and tbe men them
Settlement the dens were not all clos- selves have Kolchak money in their
ed until two years luter, nnd the num
ber of shops in the Settlement Incrra
ed by leaps and bounds."
b 1913, the amount derived from
possession.
"Bolshevik! Good." This was the
answer the average curious Vancouver-
ito received on querying the soldier)
opium license in the International as to their opinion of the Bolshcvlki
Settlement amounted to taols 80,36. The biggest fact that itands oat in
i ne mniisiicai Ausirnci iteiaiing to
British India for 1912-1913 shows the
export of British opium into tha
Chinese Treaty Ports, over which the
Chinese have no control, amounted to
over $15,000,000. This is a tremendous
increase.
Evidence also clearly shows thnt now
much of the morphia which reaches
Japs for distribution in China passe.
through the United States. II of the
drugs do not past through the United
States. Much of It remains here. The
architects and builders of the past.
"It might be that an art thus evol
ved would be rather more rigid. It
might be that it would not conform,
to our critcrions of taste which hVfl
grown out of our handicraft Industry,
If it did not then satisfy us, we could
debate the question of what to do with
the machine. For the present the prob
lem appears to be thnt of discovering
how to make man the master of the
machine."
all times, on undeniable and indefen
sible right to alter their form of gov
ernment in ouch manner ns they may
think expedient.' '
Under that gospel, the citizen who
thinks he sees that, the commonwealth's
-O-
MOSCOW. (By Mail) (N. Y, Bu
reau). That a grave economic crisia
is threatening Europe which can only
be averted by lifting the blockade
against Russia is the assertion to D.
Florinsky, a member of the Moscow
Commissariat of Foreign Affairs, in a
letter of A. Shanfield, American
Charge' d' Affairs, in Denmark. Flo
rinsky was formerly a member of
the diplomatic corps under tho Czar's
regime, and recently offered his serv
ices to the soviet republic. He was
granted an amnesty and given a po
sition in the government.
well known. To quote again from
Miss La Motte:
"The Number of djmg addicts in
America today it fairlf startling. The
number is variously! estimated in
New York City alone aa from 10.000
to 100,000. It ii ealdfthat there may
be 1,000,000 in the cluntry."
She further ihowitbat we cannot
grapple with this priblem if we ig-
Inorc the source of sipply nnd distn
bution and the reatfaa for immense
over-production of op
drug evil in New York City alone It of the British opium Imonopoly
uru on tbe part
connection with the arrival in Cnnnda
of theso men, however, la their re
fusing to mnintnin a warfare againrt
a government which world capitalism
wants destroyed.
Two hundred and fifty thousand
troops of mixed nationality arc still
left in Russia, tbe soldiers told tho
Interpreter. These include Germans,
Auatrians, Turks and others from mid
European countries.
Printing presses were sent to Siberia
by the allies together with corps of
editors to damn Bolshevism, mombtrs
of this young returning army aaaort.
It was from this editorial force and
these proeses that much of the uis
information flooding tbi world originated.
A Dinner Pail Epic
By Bill Lloyd -Written
for The Federated Press
Just over in the office is a fellow that I know, not so
very bad a duffer, as office-workers go. But because he posts
a ledger and wears a soft, white collar, he is inclined to beef
around and let an awful holler, because he says that I don't
know percentage from baked beans and yet have got him beat
en with the paycheck in my jeans. Now goodness knows it
strains my chock to keep myself in hash, and I don't have to
dross up swell nor cut no awful dash. I don't play golf, nor
run a car tho clubs aro not for me but when I have made
both ends meet, there's little left to see.
If this here system hits me hard a solar plexus blow
that duffer in the office has got precious little show. What
gets my goat is simply this I give it to you straight it ain't
my fault if his think car is twenty aniiums laite.
If ho and his gang over there Just ain't got any sense, T
just can't see why they should try to pull me off the fence.
No matter what the bosses say, that gang will chirrup, "Yos".
They're short on ideas of their own or even half a guess. They
think if thoy read "System", work overtime, and grind,
they'll leave the other feller some twenty years behind. About
one in a thousand will really get the prize; the other odd nine
hundred will grind on till they dies.
Of course the boss he cashes in on all that eager strife
that those poor ginks stake in the game of "Getting On in
Life".
If their poor brains were not so clone to the felt pads in
their chairs, the'd organize and join with us. Perhaps someday
they'll dare I

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