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1 The Toiler I
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5. Entered as Second Class Matter, under the name of The H
E Ohio Socialist, February 21, 1917, at the Post Office at E
Cleveland, 0., Under the Act of March 3, 1879. E
E EDITOR Elmer T. Allison E
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E Toiler Publishing Association
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EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE TOILER
ilities are that workers will be handed plenty of "symp
athy" before very long. Whether they find that sympathy
satlsfacting to their empty stomaches or not remains to be
seen. But with Sammy on the job there is no reason why
they should not be content.
Has It Come Again?
CLEVELAND, 0., FRIDAY, JULY 23, 1920. S
A British Labor Threat
Again has the militancy of British labor come to the
front. With a vote of nearly two to one, 800 delegates at
tending the trades union congress and representing nearly
5,000,000 organized British workers have passed a resolution
recommending a general strike to compell the government to
withdraw its troops from Ireland and to stop the manufacture
of munitions of war for use against Russia and Ireland. A
ballot upon the resolution is now being taken by the rank
and file and it is expected to carry.
That British labor is well aware of its power to enforce
its demands thru direct action when it considers it has a
matter of sufficient importance to act upon cannot be doubted.
And that revolutionary leaders will welcome the opportunity
for a test of strength with the government must be surmised.
Delegates Hodges, one of Britain's most fearless labor men,
said in introducing the resolution, that British domination of
Ireland should be demanded and characterized it as "a big
enough question on which to take direct action".
The government's reply to the resolution made thru the
Irish secretary's office is evasive in character. The reply
states that the resolution is probably based upon a misconcep
tion of the purpose of the British troops in Ireland, which is
not that of occupation but merely to assist the civil power to
We cannot concieve that British labor will acfcept such a weak
statement Its faith in the sincerety of the government is in
no condition to withstand even a slight strain. The Irish
question seems likely to become the factor that will sever
such confidence as remains. As matters now stand, it is evid
ent that British labor intends to force .British imperialism
into a semblance of humaue treatment of its subject peopies
and to a shareing of government with labor. Direct action,
the general strike, the terrors which haunt capitalism, may
t oWTSTR!rrthBiritae respect in the arsenal of labor's weap
ons. All power to the workers, including the British!
The Fifty Seven Varieties t
Seven varieties of radicals met in convention last week in
Chicago and came out as one. This in itself is rather an
astonishing feat. According to natural law when a thing
becomes perfect it disintegrates. But in the case of the Seven
Varieties, each was so imperfect of itself that it had to com
bine to save itself from disintegration. Whether the remedy
will be worse then the disease remains to be seen and whether
it has now reached that perfect stage which precedes disinteg
ration the future will reveal.
The Farmer-Labor Party is grounded upon two faUacies.
first being that reforms actually affect the operation of the
capitalist system. The second is that by the ballot they cau
be accomplished. These two fallacies are enough it would seem
to rot the fabric of any political party. The F. L. P. is a
protest against capital's monopoly of rule, but it is a protest
without any means of backing up its kick. According to the
statement of one delegate, it is a classless party. Of course he
meant economically classless. Doubtless that is true, for we
find in it3 ranks individuals from all classes, workers, petti
bourgeoisie and some large ones. But to the best of our
knowledge it is a party of a class of a certain kind. It id
composed of that class of discontented, liberal minded ele
ments which comprise a large proportion of our citizens who
have broken away from the ranks of the stand-patters, but,
not having the knowledge and understanding of the structure
of capitalist society, seek to iron out its wrinkles with the
half warm flatiron of reformism.
We are constrained to state that the days of reformism
are past. The demands of the present time call for revolution
ary measures if progress is to be made. Such workers as are
inveigled into the ranks of the F. L. P. stand a chance to
learn thru its failure the difference between beating the air
and revolutionary class-conscious action. The F. L. P. is not
an organization thru which the wage slaves of American can
function In the creation of the Industrial Commonwealth which
is to succeed capitalism.. And that is sufficient reason why
wageworkers may cheerfully throw it a highball.
"Fair and Sympathetic"
While the possiblUty of swinging the labor vote is of the
remotest, there is plenty of evidence that Samuel Oompers is
still led by democratic strings and will use his influence with
the A. F. of L. to boost for Goi.
After chasing across the continent from one of the old
jturty conventions to the other, begging for crumbs for labor,
Oompen Is now back where he started from playing the
monkey for the democratic organ grinder.
Oompers takes a great deal of comfort In the assurances
of the democratic machine bosses. He finds that the democrat
ic platform Is nearest to the demands of labor and reposes his
confidence therein. From his statements regarding these mat
ters as revealed in the pubUc press, we quote this gem. "Hla
(Oox) nomination was a happy selection, Oov. Cox has been
fair and sympathetic". Now If labor can be happy on Cox
sympathy then all will be well along the Potomac. Probab-
The Cost of Capitalism
While the cost of maintaining the capitalist profit system
is incalculable as regards the miseries and sufferings of the
exploited millions, its cost in finances is ascertainable.
Of the government appropriations for 1920, 93 cents of
every dollar goes to pay for wars, past, present and future.
Public works and governmental functions receive the balance
of the dollar.
The frightful comparison of the expenditures for war and
those for educational, research and development work are seeu
when the actual figures are placed side by side. When we
realize that only 1.01 per cent of the total of appropriations
is used for the advancement, education, and improvement of
the people's life, then the terrific waste of economic means
which the maintainance of the capitalist system and its 'wars
entail, becomes plain.
And then there are individuals who wiU maintain that the
apex of human development has been reached in the present
system which requires that 93 per cent of the expenses of its
maintainece must be used in the ghastly work of murder and
preparation for murder. Meanwhile the people's life continues
upon, its low plane amid sufferings, fear of misfortune and
That Vacation Ghost
In these vacation days we observe that that Ghost which
haunts almost every household in the land is not to be evaded.
We refer to the ghost of Artifical Living. This statement is
provoked by an advertisement of "vacation necessities" con
sisting of a list of 21 articles purporting to be of prime neces
sity to women vacationists. With the exception of three art
icles the whole list is one of face powders, creams and such
slops as modern woman is supposed to besmear her face and
figure for the sake of beaty as convention declares it to be.
The curse of living today is the artificiality which most
of us endure for one reason or another, possibly because we
have not the courage to live more naturally. It would seem
that eleven months of the year would be sufficient in which
to burden ourselves with all the geegaws, frills, manners,
customs etc., of a debased existence without perverting a few
weeks vacation in the woods or at the lake side by dragging
the Ghost along. But habit becomes in time a fixed principle
and when it is encouraged by a profit making system, poor
guUible humans soon find themselves intagled in an inextri
We recaU to mind the words of that stern but perfectly
sane and original thinker, Henry David Thoreau upon the oc
cassion of a journey he wished to take. Upon inquiry at the
railroad station, he found that the fare was a dollar. He
decided to walk, for as he said, In order to ride, he would
have to first hire him self out for a day whereas if he
walked the day would be his, and a far better view of the
secenery along the way to boot. Precious few of us have the
courage or incentive of Thoreau. Most of us give over to the
customs of the age with little opposition or thought, even
forgetting that Nature's Sun and Wind are the best healers
of a sickened body and soul.
But of course the cosmetic peddlers would never let us
learn that if they could help it.
The Opinion of "J. S."
Akron Ohio July 5th, 1920.
"I am a Socialist for many years and has lost many
a Job on account of being a Socialist and would loss
my present job if my name would appear in your paper
therefore I am with holding my name but I wiU look
for you reply to my opinion as J. S.
"Well in the Toiler of July 2nd, 1920 entitled The
Pope be damned. Now you are harming the Cause of aur
Comrades by such heelish talk the Pope is not what you
have said he is and you know it. You also know that the
law of the State wont put you were poor old Debs is
by talking about the Pope you dont say much about
Palmer, Wilson, Lloyd Oeorge, King Oeorge and a lot
more but you want to play a save game by getting after
some body who you kuow wont give you any trouble you
are seme fighter for our poor fellows just Cause. Their
is highly payed agents by the rich tyrants of our Country
to harm aur Cause and you ought to be one of the
Agents if you are not one already for you are not fit
for what you are doing for his poor Slaves or what you
are suppose to be doing. Poor old honorable Debs It is
a pitty tohave him behind the dirty jail walls he would
tell us what is going on jail or no jail."
Comrade J. S.
J. 8., we are overwhelmed by your generosity. You will
not risk losing one more job by having your name appear in
The Teller, but you are very solicitous that we "say some
thing" that will land us In jail. The trouble with J. 8. is
that he is blindod by the light (or the darkness) from the
Papal throne. So much so that we are sure that if even Debs
spoke the truth about tho Pope. J. 8. would be among the
first to dub him an "agent of the rich".
So far as we are aware, no one Is taking any chances on
a Jail sentence by telling the facts about Palmer and Wilson
and other political tools of the predatory Interests, either
native or foreign. At the same time It is weU to recognise
dead whales when you meet them, I. e. Wilson and Palmer.
There Is little left of them but the stinking carcasses but If
J. S. wants to attack them ae is welcome to the joy of Uie
battle. As for us, we like to choose a live subject for our
which seemed too far away to be noticed by the
casual dbserver four months ago now surely appears threaten
ingly nearer. In fact the confession is frankly made in bank
ing and. trade circles that a curtailment of production on a
vast sciie is already underway. Ovetime work, which a few
months ago was the rule has been dispensed with, thousands
cf erapuyees are being laid off in a score of industries, un
employment is growing and, with the high prices still maint
aining I steady advance, that ' prosperity " in which the
workers' were supposed to be wallowing just recently has
vanisheAand a real economic hardship is being felt.
In e New England states the unemployed situation is
most acjte in the textile trades. The shutting down of the
American Woolen Company's plants have turned out an army
of 40,00p unemployed.
The1 closing of the mills, it is claimed, is due to the
curtailment and the cancellation of orders, including a heavy
buying from over seas. The low exchange rates have doubtless
played a, part in forcing this reduction of orders. At the same
time thre are indications that the Woolen Companies them
selves ate forcing an artificial condition in the hopes of low
ering wages, maintaining high prices and discourageing labor
union organization among their employes. The following state
ment from the pages of the Daily News Record, organ of the
textile trade is significant of a determination to force the
workers thru a period of unemployement to return at de
creased wages, which of course includes lack of union organ
ization. "It seems more than likely that when conditions do
improve, an effort may be made to -got operatives back
in the mills at lower wages and longer hours. Labor
leaders say they' believe this is planned. It will not be
successful, they maintain. But they will not say what is
to prevent operatives long out of work and without fund-,
from returning to work at almost any rate of wage" and
any schedule of hours."
Should the present wave of unemplayment fail to recede,
the mill owners will have their wish of thousands of hungry
workers beseiging their gates when the mills open.
The textile trade i3 not alone in this; curtilment of oro
daction. The Akron rubber industries are fast reducing their
shifts to mere skeleton crews, thousands having been laid off
for indefinite periods with reduction of working time and
number of employes still taking place. Unemployment In
Cleveland and surrounding territory in the building trades
and in industrial establishments is growing and the same is
being recorded in other industrial centers. A recent survey
made the United States Bureau of Labor disclosed that
of fourteen representative industries, ten showed reduced pay
rolls compared with the previous month while four showed
increases. R. O. Dunn and Co. report the greatest number of
insolvencies In 18 months, 674 having been recorded in June.
The workingclass generally have come to regard the ap
pearance of periodical industrial crises as merely Incidental j
features of social phenomena without inquiry as to the necessi
ty for them nor the purpose they fulfill in the scheme of cap
italist production. Likewise do they accept the consequent suf
fering to themselves In a like thotless and indifferent manner,
much as would a religious fanatic accept a physical ailment as
a visitation from God with out an inquirey into personal
hygiene. Having been taught in both Sunday school and
secular to trust the management end control of his life to
an invisibility and the "great" men of the period, it has
become an adept at accepting the miseries of capitalism in
an unquestioning and unalytical maimer.
It is only when we Inquire into the reasons and purpose
for the establishment and operation of industries that the
WHY of industrial panics can be answered. When we recognize
that all industry Is operated for the profit which can be made
out of the business, that is out of the labor employed therein,
then we have made a start toward finding a solution for tho
panic punle. And when wo further learn that for every
dollar's worth of goods labor produces only a part of it goes
to labor then we may draw a straight line from this point to
the inevitablity of industrial crises. For, if labor receives only
a part of the value of its prodict, them a surplus remains
which must somehow be sold or else it piles up in the ware
houses. Foreign markets must be established, the earth must
be scoured for places where this surplus can be sold. Savage
races most be subdued and turned into civilized creatures so
as to provide a market for the product which "superior"
civilization has exploited its workers of. As long as foreign
markets are to be had this game of profit grabbing may
continue more or less satisfactorily. But as these foreign
countries establish themselves as productive centers and set up
and industrial system upon the same exploitative basis, then
the market begins to shrink, the surplus which labor has pro
duced, bnt cannot buy back on account of Its wages being
less than the value of the goods produced, begins to pllo
higher and higher and the warehouses are filled and Industry
must close. Then the workers are thrown out because they
have filled the world with plenty, every warehouse is full,
every market is loaded with its products, but labor suffers
In the midst of abundance..
The remedy for such an outrageous and unscientific
"system" of industry should suggest Itself. The ownership of
industry mast be taken out of the tuuds of private hands and
placed in that of the workers, not individual workers, nor
groups of workers but in society and government of the
workers composed of all actually engaged in production. The
value of toe product of labor must be retained by the labor
er for his own use and comfort No parasite must be permit
tod to exist thru patriotism. Industry and the needs of human
life mu cease to be merely a means for the enrichment of
a few, lut must became the means and Impulse for a higher
degree oY life for those who fulfill all useful purpose.
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