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E EDITOR Elmer T. Allison E
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Telephone: Harvard 3639
CLEVELAND, 0., FRIDAY, JULY 30th, 1920
Uncle Sam -- Scab Herder
If there is any one who had any illusions of the outcome
of the results of the deliberations of the Railway Labor Board,
they must be sufficiently dissillusioned now.
That the decision simply throws a sop to the railway
workers in the hope of keeping down their clamoring for a
living wage, is apparent. The award of $600,000,000 sounds
big, but when it is measured by the individual share of the J
workers it dwindles into insignificance. With a calculation
which placed the award barely above the 'deadline" at which
the workers would refuse it, the board made its award with
a surety that it would be accepted and the workers once more
induced to continue their slavery upon pitifully inadequate
Just how long before the railway workers will bj com
pelled to resort to another mass demonstration for more wages,
depends upon whether the cost of living takes an upward or
downward course. At present its course is continually upward
with to deterring object in sight. The fact that all branches
of the railway workers with the exception of the telegraphes,
have accepted the award under protest augurs ill for their
continued loyalty to the corporations which with insufferable
and conscienceless exploitations reduces then to the plane of
peons and serfs. There is every indication that this award in
stead of being an element of satisfaction in the conflict will
tend to arouse the workers to increased demonstrations of
solidarity and further demands for some sort of consideration
at the hands of the corporation and the government.
Under the award the railway workers will continus to
receive the lowest industrial wage paid. Section men will re
ceive the stupenduous award of less than $25.00 weekly, this
being the lowest paid labor. Engineers, being the highest paid
will receive a little less than $70,00 weekly. Between these
extremes comes the firemen, conductors, brakemen, baggage
- mv. tclogri'pl"'1"'. cfirpentrM car-repairers, boilermakers, ma
chinists, gang foremen and so-called unskilled workers, com
prising many hundreds and thousands of skilled workers who
are forced to labor under a yoke of pitiful wages inadequate
to sustain a family at a decent standard of living.
Not only are the railway workers still scandalously un
derpaid, but if the reported threats of the government are
carried out, those who have had the coinage to continue on
strike are new to be set upon by sleuths and bludgeoned back
to work under penalty of a jail sentence. According to press
reports the Grand presidents of five railway brotherhoods were
notified in Chicago by a representative of the depart
ment of Justice that workmen who persisted in remaining on
strike would be persecuted under the Lever act. While the
improvement in the amount of traffic moved in the strike
centers has been noticable, the cost has been tremenduous, and
since the government was to foot the bill in case the railways
return less than a profit of 5, per cent, it is determined to
put an end to the outlaw strikes On account of inability to
secure , scabs at the wages paid the regular crews practic
ally double the scale is being paid the scabs who havo taken
the strikers placos. Their unfamiliarity with the work has
also added to the oxpense of freight movements. The govern
ment is therefore acting as a scahhordlng agency for the
railway owners and paying the bill as well. It cannot find a
funds pay American workers a living wage but it has plenty
with which to hire scabs at double pay to help beU them
into submission to a wage agreement that means slow star
vation for the workers and their families.
In this manner does all "arbitration" work for the un
doing of the worker. Its latest results should assist In lotting
some light Into the heads of the workers
A Humane Protest
Tho assertion of Parley P. Cbristensen, candidate of the
Farmer-Labor Party for president, that would enter no cam
paign against Eugene V. Debs until he is released from prison
must moot with the accord of all thinking and humane people.
He has since requested the candidates of the old parties
to place their names with his upon a memorandum to Pml
dent Wilson asking for the release of Debs; this likewise com
mond itsolf as an act worthy of n presidential candidate and a
If any man can be fonnd in public life who would remain
to immune to a sense of falrplny and sportmanship, and, with
out protest, enter a presidential rare while his opponent was
behind prison ban: aa in the case of Debs, it would brand
him as totally unworthy of the confidence of any voter.
That this move for clemency in the Deb case has come
from the third party would rcem to signify that the two old
parties will have to come out from nnder the smoke srroen
of Me i and falsehood at least this once and either commit
themselves to one good act or to oppose It Whichever they
do tho honor should go to Mr. Cnrlatenaen. If he can drive
them into aiding the reissue of Debs then the birth of the
latest political baby will have been worth the cost
Music and Cheese
The Mayor and city council of Lawrence Massachussetts,
have taken William M. Wood, President of the American
Woolen Company to task for shutting down his mills and
turning a great many thousands of workers into the street
and making no provision for their welfare while awaiting the
reopening of the mills. The mills have now been closed nearly
one month and the demands upon the charity institutions of
the city for assistance for the hungry families of formor
Woolen Company employes is increasing.
Mayor William P. White flayed Mr. Wood for his heart
less lack of consideration of his employees' welfare in saying.
"Mr. Wood has entertained thousands of his employees at
his estate in the past few weeks with music and cheese; now
some of them are starving. I do not want to open soup kit
chens in this city. The big war profits were made by tho
American Woolen Corapeny, not by the city of Lawrence, and
the Company could well afford to sell cloth at cost or at even
a slight loss, if necessary."
It is interesting to note that that new and unique idea
that industry should bear the bnrden of unemployment and
not society at large has reached into the halls of municipal
ities. The shifting of responsibility for the lives of employees
from the municipalities to the industries which employ them
is apparently growing. In respect to the war profits of the
American Woolen Company, let us see what Basil M. Manly i
has to say in his report upon the subject.
On page 330 of the Treasury report is shown the
income of a woolen compeny capitalized at $60,000,000.
So far as I have been able to ascertain, there is only
one woolen company in the United States capitalized
at that amount, the American Woolen Company. The
Treasury Department's report shows that in 1917 this
sixty-milllon-dollar woolen company reported a net in
come of $23,560,342. The annual report of tho Americ
an Woolen Company for 1917 shows a net income be- . . .
fore taxes were deducted of only $13,883155. If this
sixty-million-dollar woolen company is in fact the
American Woolen Company and the evidence seems
to be conclusive it is clear that the American Woolen
Company in 1917 concealed from the stockholders and
from the public profits of nearly $15,000,000. In
other words, the actual profits of the American Wool
en Company in 1917 appear from this comparison to
have been mere than twice as great as the company
acknowledged in its annual report,
Thus we have a concrete instance of a huge modern in
dustry coining millions in profits from the toil and sweat of
its employees during a period of "prosperity"; and when the
prosperity wanes, it turns them into the street to shift for
themselves, without taking any further responsibility for
them, whether they live or starve. Had they been black slave3
they would havo been fed and clothed in slack times as well
as In good times.
The hypocrisy of capitalistic industry is seen wherein it
assumes a paternalistic attitude toward its employees by giv
ing "free" outings, picnics, etc. as long as it is gouging out
of them the last penny in profits and when that is no longer
possible sets them a drift. The bosses can well afford such
"generosity", it is paid fcr by the workers themselves.
The Polish S. 0. 5.
With an S. 0. S. to all parts of the capitalistic world,
the Polish imperialists havo sounded the death knell of their
ambitions and preposterous war against the Soviets. What of
Budenney's cavalry and the strategists at Moscow, the Polish
front has crumbled and fled, the while uttering cries for sup
port, financial support, military support, "moral" support, any
eld kind of support that will stay tbo onpouring advance of
the Red Army toward Warsaw and savo the prestige of the
none too strong Polish bourgeois government.
The defeat of Poland registers another failure of Qreat
Britain and the Allies to stay tho march of Sovletlsm and to
destroy the workers' government of Russia. Seeing the in
ovitable collapse of Polland the perfidious Allies have made
haste to urge the cessation of the war. So long as they viewed
Poland as a possible bulwark against the spread of Sovietisra,
they sancitloned the war, furnished munitions and encouraged
Poland in her ambitious schomes, but the moment they saw the
Red Army nearing the Polish border, the advlslblllty of peace
at once asserted Itself to them.
That the fear of Bolshevik contact with Germany lies
like a deadening weight upon tho minds of the Allies is frank
ly admitted. From no motive of humanitarianism do the Allies
nrge the cessation of hostilities.
Tho war might continue indefinitely so far as their
humanitarian impulses are concerned if only there was a
chance of winning in the end. But thoy know well enough t'e
strength of Soviet forces, and since they desire above all clai
a capitalistic nation between Russia and Germany, in order to
save Poland from utter collapse and possibly a revolution and
establishment of Sovletlsm, they urge peace upon the com
batants while yet capitalistic Poland stands. The Allies rcaUzo
the possibilities of Soviet connection with Bpartacist and
Communist workers of Germany. Tho continued Allied exploita
tion of Germany depends upon the subscrvtance of the workers,
a victorious Soviet state on Germany's border wonld bo a
practical assurance of a German proletarian revolution; and the
end not only of Allied exploitation bnt tho assurance of the
spread of Sovletlsm to overy country In Europe.
With tho Poles now actually, appealing to Russia for
peace, the war assumes a new aspect, and development there
will bo watched with the keenest attention. That the terms of
peace and tho boundaries of Poland will be laid out by the
victor, and that they will be In accordance with fairness to
Poland Is assured. Soviet Russia, in contradistinction to every
capitalistic government, has no ambition to exploit any na
tion. A BIRD'S ETB VTBW OF AMERICA.
(Continued from page 1.)
hideous, Tho toll for the year 1918 was
84, 3244 for the thirty year period pre
vious to 1919, a sacrifice to the race
hatreds nursed and culvitated by a class
society in the interests of the parasitical
PAGE OF THE TOILER
I An especially sinister report emanated from Washington
reek containing the information that the State Depart
(Was about to announce to the world its moral support
and possibly the extension of government credits
kltions of which we have plenty to supply any capi-
ion at war with either its own working class or that
Iccording to the report, the question of a violation of
ntry's neutrality with Russi?, a nation with which we
at war, was very quickly disposed of, it being pointed
It this country had at one time an armv in Siberia, and
lay the need of saving Poland was of "more importance
neutrality". So we see that international law applies
fas between capitalist governments. If it is necessary to
It in the Interests of capitalism to hell with it.
The State Department has already protested to the
o-Slovak government the holding up of 35 carloads of
munitions onroute thru that country to Poland by the class
conscious workers there. These munitions were war supplies
left hi France and were exchanged by this government for
Polish bonds. There were seventy-five million dollars worth of
them sold. Aside from the enmity which this government holds
against the Russian worker's government, we havo here a
concn te example of the financial reasons at the bottom of this
"mor il" support. There can be no question of the moral
nature of the support which the government will extend to
Poland support based upon a loan of $75,000,000 could not be
othenjnse tb .n moral according to capitalistic ethics.
The government apparently has no illusions concerning
the lack of class consciousness of American workers The
workirs of Slovakia may assert their comradeship and common
interests with the workers of Russia in refusing to dye their
hands with blood in assisting in the shipment of munitions
with) which they will be murdered; London dockers may refuse
to lo ,d ships with bullets and powder for the same purpose,
but 1 nele Sam knows that none of his family will be so dis
loyal to capitalist interests as to refuse to do Its bidding.
That Is what Uncle Sam seems to' think NOW. But Seattle
longshoremen DID refuse to load munitions destined for use
against Rnssia. We would suggest to Uncle Sam that the loyal
ty of American workers to capitalistic butchers is perhaps not
so deep seated as the surface indicates.
And we appreciate the elucidation on the nature of
"moral" support as defined by capitalistic ethics.
War and Why
"What, speaking in quite unofficial language, is the
net purport and upshot of war? To my knowledge, for ex
ample, there dwell and toil in the British village of Dum
drudge, usually some five hundred souls. From these there
are successively selected during the French war, say thirty
'abPbtrrch-itten. -Dpmbrudge at hor own expense has sucklou
and nursed them; she has, not without difficulty and sorrow,
fed them up to manhood and even trained them to crafts, so
that one can weave, another build, another hammer. Never
theless, asnid much weeping and swearing, thoy are selected,
all dressed in red, and shipped away at the public charges,
some two thousand miles, or say only to the south of Spain,
and fed there till wanted.
"And now to that same spot in the south of Spain are
thirty similar French artisants from a French Dumbrudgo in
like manner wending, till at length, after infinite effort, the
two parties come into actual juxtaposition; and thirty stand
fronting thirty, each with a gun in his hand. Straightway,
the word 'fire' is given, and they blow tho souls out of
on another; and in place of sixty brisk, useful craftsmen,
tho world has sixty dead carcasses which it must bury, and
anew shed tears for.
"Had these men any quarrel? Busy as the devil is, not the
smallest! They live far enough apart; were the oniirest
stangers, nay, in so wide a universe, there was even, un
consciously, by commerce, some mutual helpfulness between
"How then, simpleton! Their governors had fallen out,
and instead of shooting ono another, had the cunning to
make these poor blockheads shoot."
From a thousand industrial bat t it
fields arise the clash of interests of the
exploited and the exploiters. Amid the
conflict of economic interests we hoar tho
rattle of the machine gun, the rifle shot
of tho hi ml jrunman and the Cossack,
brutal arms of a capital State, tho sole
purpose of which is to serve its creator,
tho exploters of -labor, tho parasitical rul
ing class. The jails are filled with Labors'
vpoksmen. Its leaders are murdered in
old blood. Every attempt of the workers
ito breaik their slavery's chains is met with
(the armed force and violence of the cap
italist class rxoTcisnl thru tho State, the
police, militia, tin- ib-part meat of justice.
Witness tho persecution of the I. W. V.
the outlawing of elected socialists, the
Communist trials now going on at Chicago.
All are evidence of the enslavement of
tho masses to the owners of industry; all
is terrific condemnation of the boasted
liberties which capitalist apologists inform
us are the foundation stones of this gov
ernment. Until these conditions are brought to
an end by the its power of tho laboring
masses ami industry is rid of its parasitic
ownership, can any real liberties for tho
masses find a foothold here.
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