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Newspaper Page Text
FRIDAY, 3HPT. 17, 1920
The War In
Here are some things I have learned:
There is no strike of miners here. Seventy
five per cent of the mines about Williamson are
75 per cent closed because the owners have in
stituted a lockout against every workman who
joins the union.
About seventeen of the 62 mining companies
about Williamson have broken away from the
lockout employers and are now operating in harm
mony with the union.
All the others which pretend to operate at
all are heavily guarded by armed gunmen, usually
affiliated with the Baldwin-Feltz Detective
Agency. A union organizer who tries to approach
such a mine is likely to be killed and almost
certain to be beaten up.
Any miner who gives up his job at one of
these guarded mines and tries to escape through
the "cordon sanitare" to the free world outside is
beaten if caught and may be killed if he persists
in the effort. Concrete illustrations of this condi
tion are abundant and will be cited in a later
The crux of the present situation and the
reason the troops were brought is this the lock
out and the lockin have both failed to break the
solidarity of the miners and restore the old
dictatorship of the operators.
The miners who have been locked out are
backed by a monthly fund of $600,000 provided
by the United Mine Workers of At ica, and are
sure that victory will be theirs if only the United
States government will defend and preserve their
legal right to conduct meetings and continue the
work of peaceful organization.
The locked-in miners, brought here with out
knowing of the struggle which exists or believing
that conditions might prove tolerable after all.
usually run away at the first chance and have to
be expensively caged while they remain.
For the operators only one possible road to
victory remains. They must obtain martial law ixi
Martial law would put an end to the miners'
meetings, stop peaceful organizing and frighten
the simple, illiterate population of these lost
mountains into a belief that they must return to
for the Federated Press.
peonage in the mines or else defy the United
Within the law the operators have been beat
en to the edge of the cliff and are about to drop
over the side. But a few murders up or down this
dark valley done by anyone who can be induced
to do it may still bring martial law and give
the operators a further lease on the dictatorship.
The stakes are high, and the game intensely
(From Bill Haywood's New York Speefch.)
There is no reason why working men should
kill eacli other. If we will, we can establish a
society in which we can live happily together.
It was only because we worked for a world
in which men could be happy that we were sent
to prison. It is difficult to believe but it is so.
Education is the one thing the boss is fear
ful of. He does not want you to know anything
except the machine you are working and not
to much about that either.
Some members of the I. W. W. may have
said, during 'the war, that Wilson was crazy.
A lot more people say it now.
They charged us witli having printed the
preamble of the I. W. W. To that charge an
swer we are guilty. We will continue to print
it in Slavish, In Chinese and Japanese, in Swed
ish and in every other language, except Russian
and Italian. They already understand it.
I speak in the interest of Communist, An
archist, and Socialist, and also every laboring
man who is in prison, wherever it may he. I
myself am called a convict. My number is
Sam Gompers had as much to do with the
jailing of the I. W. W. as any other single
individual in the country.