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FRTTJAY, SEPT. 24, 1020 THE TOILER PAGE S
Peace In Twenty Years
By Max Worth.
European Correspondent for the Federated Press.
"Peace I" exclaimed an English diplomat,
incredulously, "I see no peace in Europe for
He was speaking of the conditions growing
out of the Treaty and the JSpa conference. The
war, he said, had greatly increased the demand
for many materials like copper, petroleum, coal,
iron awl the like. The tendency was for an ever
and greater dependence upon power driven
machinery, and the war had speeded the pro
cess. At the same time, the leading nations of
Europe were all short of some of the, materials
necessary for machine production. Britain had
no copper and no petroleum; Prance, in addi
tion, laciked both coal and iron; Germany, under
the treaty, was shorn of some of her most im
portant resources; Italy had always been lack
ing in the necessary economic resources. To
make matters worse, all of the capitalist na
tions of Europe had grown to depend, for their
food supply, as well as for their supply of raw
Duplicating Russian Development.
The Council of. Action will continue as an
active knifo in the aide of parliamentary gov
ernment until the above demands are actually
translated into facts. Will it continue longer
This question is agitating Britain today. It
is clearly recognised that to perpetuate the
councils as bodies controlling national policy
would he to overthrow the present system
of government in England, would be revolution
as definite and decisive, if uot as spectacular,
as that which took place in Russia three years
ago. A strong element is anxious to go an and
taike this ultimate stop.
Solidarity of the British labor movement at
Ihe present time is magnificent, an inspiring
if bitter- object-lesson for the American observer.
materials, upon importation.
Importation is all right, ho continued, in a
free trade world. But the world is nOtlfree trade.
On the countrary, each nation, even Great
Britain, has resorted to import restrictions, and
to all kinds of prohibitions on the freedom of
commerce. To be sure, they were called war
measures, but many of them, particularly on
the continent, are still in full fore That means
that the nations which depend for their raw
stuffs on foreign 'trade, are unable to secure
their normal supply.
Of course, he continued, the rate of exchange
plays an important part in these internation
al traoish tons.- Before the war, it was pos
sible to sit down in London or Paris, and figure
out the costs of international trading to the
fraction of a penny, -and to do it for months
in advance. To-day, tho rate of exchange be
tween the nations varies from day to day and
from hour to hour. All is uncertainty chaos.
"You Americans seem a little surprised," he
added, "at the amounts that the various na
tions of Europe are voting for their armies and
navies. What else is there to do We need oil.
There is oil in the Near East. Wo take it h'Jwf
With our military forces! The French have,
succeeded in getting an agreement as to the
amount of coal that Germany is to furnish be
tween this and the Fall.
"Suppose Germany fails what is the alter
nativcT The occupation of the Ruhr region with
a military force. You will notice that I have
made no mention of Poland, of Thrace, of Rou
mania, of Russia. Trouble is likely to break out
at a half dozen points trouble ovor some pety
difference of opinion or intrigue. Those things
arc always present.
"I have spoken of the larger economic forces
that are at this moment driving the leading na
tions of Europe at each other's throats. It was
that fact I had in mind when I said I saw no
peace in Europe for twenty years."