Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1789-1922 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the
National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. external link Learn more
Image provided by: Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH
Newspaper Page Text
CLEVELAND, OHIO, SATURDAY, DEC. 11, 1920.
Price Frive Cents.
THE OPEN SHOP
The following timely appeal is published in a
leaflet by the Central Labor Union of Philadel
phia, which requests labor organizations to re
print it and distribute it as widely as possible:
"The open shop is the open road to disaster for
organized workers. It is the open road to mastery
by the employing class. That is why intelligent
workingmen oppose it; that is why employing
nasters favor it.
"For workingmen it is the entering wedge by
which organization is slowly strangled, wages are
reduced, hours lengthened and the 'ank and file
are reduced to servile submission to heartless
"Nowhere else in the modern world do the
employing masters oppose the union shop as they
do here. A tremendous drive is being made by the
employing class all over the coutnry to crush
unionism. Millions of dollars have been contrib
uted for the purpose. Quietly gathering their
forces, getting the aid of chambers of commerce
and civic organizations, the masters of industry
seek to establish unchallenged domination through
the "open shop.'
"In England this struggle has been longvAgo
fought to a conclusion. The same is true of Can
ada. In both countries the right of organization
of "hop and factory, mine and mill, is conceded,
l.t has been eliminated from the realm of con
troversy. But the workingmen of 'free America'
tire forced to fight for an elemental right that is
taken for granted in countries where monarchy
itself still survives.
' The 'open shop' is related to 'Americanism' by
our enemies. No more crass hypocrisy .has ever
leon displayed. The slave pens of the Gary steel
trust d c typical examples of open-shop American
i m. Although the eight-hour day has been long
ago conceded in the steel industry of England,
Germany and other countries, the United State3
is the only country in the world where working
men work 12 hours per day and seven days a
week. This is open-shop 'Americanism.'
"Organization is forbidden. He who talks it is
discharged. He who attempts to organize is slug
ged. Spies of the companies swarm in the mill.
They slink in the streets, in the pool-rooms, in the
movies, at public gatherings, everywhere that
workingmen gather the company spy is present.
Suspicion, fear, distrust and hatred brood over the
workers. The friend working by their side may be
a spy. Life is filled with this brooding menace
that dogs their heels. This is open-shop 'American
ism.' " 'Welfare work' of the open-shop masters of
Garyism is substituted for unionism, together
with the 'company union.' Homes are purchased
from the company by the workers on easy pay
ments. When a real strike comes this 'welfare
work' is seen to be a scourge to whip the slaves
back to their pens. The workers are evicted from
their homes except those who consent to betray
their brothers by going to work. It places a pre
mium on treachery. This is open-shop 'Ameri
canism.' "The 'company union' is a plaything of the em
ployment masters. The workers 'organize' like
sheep under the eyes of the bosses Officials are
chosen to preside over this abortion of unionism.
Any genuine grievances cannot be discussed under
the eyes of the agents of the masters. He who at
tempts it soon finds that he is discharged for
some trivial reason. The workers are cowed. They
submit to injustice and merciless robbery. This is
"Brothers in the army of labor: Shall we sub
mit to what our brothers in the monarchies of