Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1789-1922 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the
National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. external link Learn more
Image provided by: Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH
Newspaper Page Text
SATURDAY, ,JAN. 22, 1920.
1 year, $2.50
Address all mail and make all checks payable to
3207 Clark Ave., Cleveland, Ohio.
Entered as Second Class Matter, February 31, 1917,
at the Fost Office at Cleveland, O., Uidcr the Act
of March 3, 1879. t
Bundle Order Prices
Bundle orders in any quantity , 39c. ft copy
Bills upon bundlo orders of 100 or more rendered
monthly. Bills must be paid upon presentation.
Order a bundle of Toilers weekly and sell them to
I "ur shopmates.
Published weekly by the
Toiler Publishing Association
Telephone: Lincoln 3639.
Surplus, surplus everwhere. Wherever the eye
may turn it is greeted with a sight of surplus com
modities. The shops a stores are stocked to over
flowing with surplus food, clothes, hardware, fur
niture, machinery. On the farms there is surplus
grain and cattle and hogs and other products. Pric
es arc falling because the surplus is so great Pro
ductive machinery has stopped and still the surplus
is not depleted. Prices are marked down and down
in those lines least organized) and still the bottom
is not yet plumbed.
But if the surplus of manufactured commodities
is great just as much so is the surplus of human
beings. Here too is a great and ever growing sur
plus. But let us first note that the surplus here is
a surplus of one class only the workers. Nowhere
have we Read or seen or heard of a surplus of
shirkers. It is only the workers who pile up in
menacing quantities in such times as these. In spite
of a war that took its ton millions of dead there
yet remains a vast quantity of surplus humanity
that is, people without "visable means of support"
cash or jobs.
There is a direct relation Ix'tween the surplus
stocks and the surplus workers. Each is in a way,
a cause and an effect. The worker, by working
hard and long, produced the quantities of goods.
Because he piled them up, they turned him into a
If the worker received a return for his labor
equal to the value of his product, no surplus would
exist. Then instead of creating a "surplus" and
freezing and starving because of it, he would take
a vacation well clothed, housed, fed in comfort and
The surplus we see all about is really not a sur
plus at all. All of it is wanted, needed by the hung: v
and illclad millions. Every bit of it is demanded by
the necessities of decent living. Yet it lays in the
warehouses locked up out of reach of the very
workers whose labor and sweat produced it.
Was there ever such an anomaly in history?
Can such a contradiction be conceived? It is almost
unbelievable that human beings in the twentieth
century would tolerate such a palpable misery
creating economic error. Starvation with food in
reach. Freezing with only a pane of glass to keep
us from the warm woolens. Miseiy, with all the
comforts which science can invent, all around US.
Verily, we workers are fools.
But by suffering we learn. Misery spurs us on to
learn. Hunger drives us to action. These are potent
causes which teach us the way to remedy these
evils and to eradicate them. No longer must we
produce for profit. USE only must be the motto
and the slogan of intelligent workers applied to in
dustry. Production for profit is starving millions
all over the world. It must stop. The workers must
take and operate industry for the uses of the
millions, not for the profits of millionaires.
Workers which do you prefer A dictatorship
of the capitalists or a dictatorship by the workers?
If some one must be held down, should it bj the
millionaires or millions of workers?
Do you stand with the workers in their fight for
more of the world's goods more of life? If not,
what claim have you to manhood?
They cmpelled us to work during the war, now
they won't let us wo;' The people who are hand
ling affairs seem to l)e such a crazy lot anyway
or is it ourselves the workers who are foolish.