Newspaper Page Text
iW 77S SS(7
Labor Goes in For Banking
Bertram D. Wolf.
Manifesto of Provisional Council of
the Red Trade Union International
The A nti - Counter - Revolution Com
mittee Informs Russia
Envoy Martens9 Farewell to America
The Amalgamated Spirit
Mary Heaton Vovse. . .
CLEVELAND, OHIO, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5th, 1921.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
i lift' i eTaaian n ' '
The Conspiracy Against
Sacco and Vanzetti
,- jfS., ern
The facts in the ease of Nicholas
8aco and Bartoleincw Vanzetti, two
workingmen of Mnssoehussetts, charged
with murder will he presented liy !'. C.
Biedenkapp of the Workers Defence
Coion of New York, at the North
Church, "2nd and St. Clair Ave.. Clove
bind, Feb. loth a: s I'. M. Some of the
facts in this astounding con-piracy a
gainst two workers wlino efforts o'i
behalf of the workingvlnss have been
noteworthy are here set forth by the
Sacco Vanzetti Defense Coininit.ee
which is raising funds for defense.
The lffal presumpt ion of innocence
in favor of the prisoner at the bar has
faded into a myth in these I'nitvd
States when the prisoner in epiestion is
S black man in a Southern doe!; or a
foreigner in a Nor: hem Court. spe. wil
ly if he is charged with the special kind
f crime which the public has ben
trained by lurid newspapers to expect
from one of his race. It is coniiii.ni
inowledgo that the chare,-- nf rap
against a man of negro blood primes
the Sonthern jury or lynching part,
immediate action, and that a North
inrv doe not examine the law and
evidence impnrti'alVvioV a' Vnui.Ycr
accusation is leveled against n member
of thaf Mediterranean race whose re
putation is colored with the fanciful
versions af the Mafia that furnished
the Sunday-Magazine reader's mental
diet for so many years. And when th'
Italian laborer is also listed as a "red"
by the Secret Service the prejudice
gainst him is so extreme that the
weakest, circumstantial evidence is suf
ficient to convict.
Seldom has weaker evidence been
presented against men charged with u
capital offence than will appear against
Nicholas Sacco and Bnrtoinmcw Van
wtti, two intelligent and hard-working
Italians who face trial for their lives ;,i
fledhnm, Massachusetts, some time ear
ly in the year.
The formal accusation against these
men is that they killed Special Officer
Alexander Beredelli mid Paymaster A.
Parmeuter on April loth last in South
Itrnintrcc, Mass., and then made off In
an automobile with the $18,000 payroll
that was being conveyed to the Slate;
& Morrill shoe plant nearby. Already
ince the arrest a conviction and fifteen
year sentence has been Secured against
Vanzetti for attempted murder and
assault in connection with an unsuc
cessful attack on the pay-truck of the
1. Q. White Company in Bridgewater
on the 24th of December preceding.
Lawlessness of the Secret Service.
Andrea Salsedo and Robert Elia were
two young Italian printers of Brooklyn
on whom the agents of .Mr. I'al
wore endeavoring to pin the odium and
responsibility for the abortive May Day
plot of 1!)0 ami the peculiar explosion'
that occured on the June 2nd following,
They were held w it limit any indict
nionts or other legal authority, in the
ecret chambers of the Department of
Justice al No. '! I'ark How, and sub
jected to nil the rigors of secret exnini
niftion for more than two month, from
February fStll till early in Mav. Hut
finally the fails about their disappear
ance began to leak out. Yanxcttl wen1
to New York and nil led himself with
other Italians in the effort to secure
ip-nuine counsel in place of the unfit
Attorney Donato who was afterward-
publicly branded as a Department .if
Insticc accomplice. Mr I'abner's Opera I :
ives saw that thev would not dare to
hold the men much longer and at the
an me lime thev were afraid to release
them after Certain things which hnd
Tragic Death of Salaedo.
Karly in the morning of Mav ,'lrd
nine time before dawn, Salsedo left
rti prison in a violent and terrible
fnhion, sis body crashing frqm the
fourteenth floor window to a I, leo.lv
mn on the stone paving below. The
etrcol was almost dccrted lit the time
ami nn oie from holnw nw whether he
ihrrw hlnolf out or arm pitched head
long to hi death.
nLi'iDnv v - . .w am ve,. jvr - i --,.- am it - . "v
Inside Story of Gomper's Victory for
Presidency of Pan-American
By Linn A. E. Gale.
-' . red"
i'i iew ot
A .TOH TOO-LONG DEI
Soviet Envoy Martens' Farewell
By LUDWIO C. A. K. MARTENS.
Yanetti, Sacco and other Italians
took prompt stops for the release of
Klia. Mr. Waller Nollos, a member of
the New York bar, had been employed
in dace of Mr. Donato, and plana were
made for mass meetings of protest that
money might' be raised to supply the
necessary funds for Mr. Nolle 's work in
New York. Vanzetti came on to Sac
co's home in South StOUgltton to nr
range for a meeting in Brockton whore
there is a large Italian colony.
. . Arrest Prevents Protest Meeting. . .
The swift counter attack of the au
thorities prevented the meeting from
being held. They were arretted in Brock
ton on the evening of May 5th through
the agency of the local police while the
memoranda for the h I' -rtis
ing the mass meeting t,
pocket, and they wc.o taken to" the
BrocktOn town hall and police station
and grilled about their radical beliefs.
A temporary charge of carrying revolv
es vv;.s laid against the men while the
authorities east about for some more
substantial reason for holding them.
harge was untacticu) then
tiie toonooTTaiv i u . , . i i :
derision over the exploded Palmer proph
cries of the May Dan Revolution which
b'adn'l occured, and the momentary op
position to the secret police. So the
authorities fell back pn the same meth
ods used in the famous Tulsa oil case
against Charles Krleger when the re
moval of an agitator was desired. They
were charged with regular criminal
Offemte', The murders at S'onth Brain
tree were laid against both men and the
additional charge of taking part in the
Bridgewater .affair was placed against
Vanzetti who had been more prominent
in the agitation over the outrages com
mitted on Salsedo and 'Ilia,
Nil steps were omitted to clinch the
charge; Witnesses of the Bridgewater
au.l So. Brain tree crimes were brought
into the police station where they saw
the Italian prisoners surrounded by po
lice officers. It is well known that
Italians look more or less alike to the
eyes of many Yankees, but in spite of
this sevornl witnesses said positively
that these were not the men thev ha
seen. But others took it for granted
that the men the police were holding
must be the right men. The police made
(heal assume the crouching positions
and other poses that the bandits were
said to have taken in action, and then
they were placed in an automobile
roughly similar to the bandit car and
taken over the routes followed Apii!
loth ami December 24th.
Farcial Trial of Vanzetti.
Vanxettl was rushed to trial in the
following mouth for the Brldgcwatoi
attack while the public mind was t ill and signed by a member of the cabinet was au unequivocal declaration of pol
super heated with sensational stories! icy. The policy thu.i declared was that which has actually guided the conduct
about " Italian hold up men." D-e w is I of the American Government In the past two years; namely, an absolute refusal
I tieally convicted before the first I io recognize even the de facto existence of the Soviet Government, and a re
witness was called. Vague identifica-1 fusal '.o permit the resumption of trade between Russia and America.
Hons of the "foreigner with the Imr The decision of the Secretary of Labor was directed not against myself,
tadio were accepted, and no credence
was given the alibi furnished by oigh
feel) respectable fellow townsmen who
established his movements for the en-
In taking leave of the United States, I wish to say a word of grateful
appreciation for the great personal kindness and courtesy which I have received
from many Americans in all vocations throughout the country. It has been a
source of constant encouragement to mo to find everywhere men and women
who have not allowed hysterical fears or prejudices to move them from their
sympathy with the cause which I have represented.
My departure has come as the logical and inevitable consequence of the
j policy of the American Government toward Soviet Russia. So long as that policy
was not declared, so long as I could not secure from any responsible official of
the American Government any frank expression of that policy, my government
was justified in keeplug me here to strive for the establishment of normal
political and economic relations between the United Str.tes and Soviet Russia.
Labor Goes In For
By Bertram D. Wolfe.
Now it is seriously proposed that
labor go in for banking. The "In
Law" railroad union officials arc buck
of it; the A. F. of L, officialdom is
back of it; the Independent and the
The order for my deportation, however, arrived at after long deliberation i Literary
Ludwig ('. A. K. iMartens and his Aide, Gregory WeinsU-in,
but specifically'agalnst the government which I represent. The decision said,
in effect, that tho American Government would not permit nay representative
of the Soviet Government to approach America tor the purposj of establishing
political or economic relations
Digest, the New York Call
Federal ionist yes, and a
certain proportion of the rank and file
of our American trade unions see in
it a big step "forward."
"Why. sec here," argued one of its
official advocates with me. "why not
flail! capitalism, with its own weapons?
! Our unions are pretty big business or
gani. at ions. They have hundreds of
I thousands several millions in fact, of
; dues-paying member. Dues are pretty
high (too high, thinks I). Then there
are strike funds agregating thrncoit the
nation many miliums of dollars, sJd;.
death and benefit funds and such, toak-
fg millions more,
I "Why should we deposit all that
' nionev in capitalist institutions, where
it is bo 1 to our exploiters, and
strengthens them at our expense Bvcry
tent we deposit in their banks is just
an added it paid into their hands.
"Then there are labor newspapers
and co-operatives to he finniii'ed. There
are the mortgages on our big Labor
temple, and funds and iruM of every
description. And besides, the hig unions
of Germany and Belgium and olliet
Kuropean countries have hnnks, so why
iboutda '.t wet
"We Mould form nn International
Labor Bank Clearing Mouse .ami No
rolled the big- sounding words out of
his month as if the very sound vv.ee
dear to him), and who knows, if the
millions of toilers in the land got '!'
Idtl and deposited their individual
Mexico City. .Ian. 17 i By Mail).
Samuel (Jumpers today won his last vic
tory in the I'aii-American Federation of
it took almost superhuman efforts to
reelect him ('resident of the Federation.
Next year it will be an imptaaibilitv. It
was almost impossible today.
The Latin-American dolomites." who
outnumbered the Americans, were de
termined not to have Dampen head the
Pan-American Organization again. Luis
N. Morones, the brilliant young leader
of the Mexican Federation of Labor
and nn avowed Socialist, was their
choice, and for a time it appeared that
Morones would be almost unanimously
elected. The prUc was in the hollow of
his hand, liompcrs. seeing the over
whelming sentiment against him, de
clared he would not accept a reelection.
James Lord. President of the Mining
Department of the A. !'. of L. and an
av.HAAlalia ivt... u 1 .... 1 1 .... Ukl
- " .. . . .. . iwnvu "n i . o
favor by some Latin-American dclegat
oh, and John Froy, editor of "The
Mounters .lournal. ha. I Declined nOtlt-1
illations. Morones had staled that
with his duties in the Mexican Fedora-1
tion ami as head of the government.
munitions plant which employs 9,000
men, he feared he could not do justice
to the leadership of the Pan-American
Federation, but had not withdrawn and
Delegate Carraco of Guatemala who
nominated him, had refused to take
back the nomination.
itompers called on Secretary Canute
A. Vargas to read the name of the one
candidate, Morones. In a moment mare
Morones would have been elected by
acclamation, Dan Totlin, Chester M.
Wright, Ptey and Lord sat with jaws
shut tight. They knew they wore help
less and that the representative of
the rising rebel movement of Mexico
and Central South America could do
what t hey wanted.
Convince) thtt the battle was over
and that he must take his medicine as
gracef ully as he could, (lumpers deliver
ed his ftircffeU -pee.-li; He assured the
delegates that he would be freer to
serve Pan-American labor as a private
iiu the rank than as official head, lie
reminded Secretary Vargas that he has
declined the nomination when made
some time previous .and that Morones
was, therefore, the only nominee left in
' tit the very threshhold of the second
when his name would have been ac
cepted by a viva voce vote, Morones
arose. Twi.e before he had said that
he left the matter in the hands of the
Guatemala delegate who, of course.
would not withdraw his name. But now
he said that he had already explained
that he was unable t" give the posi
tion the time it should receive, and
that since Delegate Carra.o had no)
withdrawn 'he nomination, he must de
cline to run. lie added that lie had jusl
received a message from President ob
regoq asking him to come to the Nation
al Palace at once and would have to
leave the convention. "I ask you to ex
cuse me for the afternoon," he said,
"ami I also ask the secretary in my ab
sence to record Die ns voting for Samuel
( lompers, ' 1
Morones left the room ami the tide
had tnmed. CarrnxCd was non plussed.
He had been on his feet several times
ins'i-ting that the delegates did no
want (iompers again and that Morones
was the man of the hour. There was no
other Latin-American delegate of suf
ficient reputation and ability to pro
pose. He had made a stiff fight and he
knew that t WO-thirds were with him.
but what could he do.'
Delegate Oracldjil of Mexico again
suggested .lames Lord but Lord again
Santiago Igk-sias, head of the Porto
Kico Federation, jn Spanish addressed
the Spanish-speaking delegates a d
made a tervent appeal for (.'ompeis.
"The most correct and able man." "our
giand leader" and other bouquets ue...
thrown at (Jumpers by the I'orto Rico
delegate, and he wound up by saying;
that it would be "a great misfortune ' '
if another President were chosen, espe
cially if such u result came about thru
the action of the Latin-American dele
gates. Then Mother Jones came to the re-. e,e
of (lumpers with a fiery speech calling
tm the congress to lutlne him again end
make the election unanimous. The con
vention, admiring the fU-year old rebel
who has fongttl tht I. allies of (he stt'C. -rs
of the united States s,( nan' times,
forgot its detestation of (lompers in it
enthusiasm for "the mother of the
niiuers. ' '
Lord spoke briefly referring to "tho
peculiar power and influence that he
.(.'ompeis) brings into this ci ivenOon."
(lompers, seeing that he was saved,
wasted no time in further ileelioatiou
and seized the opportunity without de
"Are there any other nominations 1 "
he asked, and without waiting for an
answer, he started to put a motion to
make the election buarilnou.
Cnrrny.cn Mf Guatemala, grP.lv and de
termined not to give' up. vv:'s waving
his hand for another chance. Sonehndy
I ad suggest i to him that sil
nes had leff the hall, it would 1
aible to stampede the convention, for
Morones ami prevent the machine
stampeding it for (iompers, and he
wanted to try it, but Coi.ipers' heavy
voice and the thumping of the gavel
drowned out the persistent little Cent
"All those in favour of making tho
election unanimous, raise tiudr hand.''
shunted Com). ers, and ha; went no.
"Opposed, the same," (tad 5 hand
Wert- raised, among thetn thai of pat
razeo and that of Castro from San Sal
vador; who; had previously declared
that the 1'aM-Ailjfflie.Jiti. Fedi-rat ion must ,
novo a "complete renovation" and
"new lenders." About a halt' of the
delegates did not vote.
Even after the vote had been taken
Carraco protested that the i vent ion
had disregarded his previous rcojtiest tip
have a secret ballot taken so that no
body might be afraid to vote against
ffomprrs, but the Guatemala man was
shut off. The machine had trimnple'd
nnd was in no mood to hear rebels any
The rest nf the officers were elected
by acclamation and in short order. Ca
nnto A. Vargas, Spanish-language sec:
rotary, was re amed amid general ap
plause. Chester N. Wright was reelected
without opposition as Gnglish-lnnguitge
secretary and .Tames Lord as treasurer,
"Foghorn" Tubin then rose to sm.'-ge-t
Guatemala City as the place of
meeting for tin mention of next year
nnd the proposal was unanimously ac
cepted. (iompers and the A. F, of L. machine
had won again but by the skin of ti oir
lo th. The Spanish-speaking delegates
were openly sulky and sore, with a t. vv
except ions such as Iglesias, always
(iompers' faithful .supporter; Kuohitrdt
of Santo Domingo, mid Fhllalin Marti
nez, secretary of the Mexican Federa
tion of Labor, who altho frankly a
Radical, acquiesced in Morones' deci
sion to let Compels be reelected again
"for international reasons."
Why did it happen.' Why did dele
gates like Albarraeia from Colombia,
who also represent the Socialist Party
of his country, and delegates like Mar
tine. Trevlno, Gracious and .inure of
Mexi'-o, all openlv Radical) let Com-
refused and then nominate. I (iompers ajl"1" have another term.' Why did Mo
second time. (Continued on page 2.)
tire day of December 2-ith, when he This was the answer to the several communications which I addressed to
was too buailv enraaed in his MwrilaVltlM Deoartment of State immediately after tnv appointment as the ronreseuta-
pursuit a fish salesman to be in tlve of the Soviet Government In this country and to which the Department of . ' Mir bank, tht other loin's
State did not see fit to renlv. J 01 """r '"' ""'" !
My mission here would have been terminated lunch earlier U the Depart e -might even he aide to roi le
ment of State had been willing to ta'..2 the responsibility wh.ch was finally ' rapltallani iml ol rxUtence.
assumed by the Department of Labor. This, however, is a cnrlou matter of I "" ' ' "f "'" HM"
Amnion official oroccdnre. uhleh I do not ontenrt to understand. : l"' I'1'"1 1 rl'
My government accepted this decls'ration of the policy of the American
Three Steel Strike Books
Wliicli every worker should read are these:
Bridgeware! twenty-ejght miles away,
The police collected h thousand dollars
re wan I.
Murder Witnosaos Fail.
fodletmenii for the loath nValntrea
murder followed a preliminary hearin ! Government toward Russia and instructed me to close my bureau and to with
given Sacco fyefpre Judge Avery in I he
Last Norfolk District Court, no preli
minary hearing being najaeaalrjf in the
iso of Vanfttti, already held nn the
llier eharire. The Indictments wer
bned on the doubtful testimony of
three employes of the Slater ft Morrill
Compnny. Louis , Wmt,,, Miss Frni
ces Devlin and Miss Mary f. Splalae.
In iTmlgf Avery's eourt Mr. Wade ad
mitted that "I might be mistaken
draw from the United States without delay.
I have no knowledge of the future plans of the American Oovernium.
nor can I tell in what direction this policy of ignoring the existence of the
established government of the largest country in Europe will lead. I know that
the Bovlet Government is more firmly established, beyond fear or danger of
foreign or Internal nit. than It wai on the day when I first approached the
American Government on It .behalf.
I know further that the Industrial and economic condition of the world,
not excepting America. re auch that the resumption of norml economic rela
tion with Russia )ts become au Imperative necessity upon ill nations
I i aniiot sy how the American Government will solve the aroblent Invrlred
i nv .t. oifieuii r ir.n lie said h,. tnec circumtwnct.
was fully eightv pm-es inwiv when th 1 I can only lay that wben the Amer1rn people sre prepare to swp-os-n
hooting o. ented. ti (s problem, tho govor tment of th Russian workers and
(Continued on pge 4.) .to meet them in a reasonable and friendly spirit.
and when the banks threatened i
to withhold creilit if he didu 1 mtro ;
liuee the open setup, they promised to
finance him ami became partners in I
his business. Now there's an oxiimp-
Hut I I. a I listened ns long as could
Mid now it wn mv turn.
"Look here," nvs I, "every strike
nowadays mi outlaw strike, isn't it f
"Yes, but what's that got to do with
t'Wnit n minute mt you'll see
Kvery Ida Ulen of the A. 1 of I...
mol snuip so called "red" union
prssanU wl'l be rudv Ul"' " ""f" Natblrn Work-j
I , 'ostium. I on page It.)
MEN AND STEEL
Hy Mary HeNaton Von
THE GREAT STEEL STRIKE
By William Z. roster . .
THE INTERCHURCH WORLD MOVEMENT
Report on the Steel Strike $J.$0
Mrs Yore handle with eonslimnle siill the human side of thV
preal Steel Strike, the determination, the suffering, tho reflex of this
gernt social effort in the lives of the men. women and . 'lildren win.
aaged the lost bnttle against the "principality of steel."
Foster's book deal with the sttike from the orgnninor' viewpoint.
Hie viewpoint of a HOW kind ol labor leader
The Interchureli Movement Umort i that of men who went int.,
mII the cau-es and conditions of tho strike, with multitudinous dotnth
Ihiiuaands nl fact crnnnmd Into ;77 page of an Indktntent nf th.
Htiel Trot. Till report is what reused the enpitalhtii to t ill the In'. r
THB 3 ROOKS FOR s:?.oo
Ord. i of THE TOILER