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CLEVELAND, OHIO, SATURDA
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Y. W Jry 25th. PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Our Latest Visitor From Russia Tells of Soviet Experiences
IN THIS ISSUE
Watching the Clock
By FLOYD RAMP.
Our Latest Visitor From Soviet Russia
By PAUL JASPEPv.
Workin' For the Guv'ment
By a P. 0. CLERK.
Dissolving the Amalgamated
By MARY HEATON VORSE
Illusions About the Dictatorship of the Proletariat
By DAVID S. REISZ.
News Comment Editorials
By Floyd Ramp.
"The Bolsheviki press calls for the
immediate overthrow of capitalism."
Here is a statement that persists in ap
pearing in the capitalist press, evident
ly being used as a method of scaring
the people. I suppose sonic people are
scared by such headlines but others arc
not scared at all, hut arc saying, "We$j
its about time something was being
done." People who have worked and
suffered under capitalism are not easily
scared when some one announces that
tl,i- rl-iu ot(f-systo;.- k.-! ' ... ,'arid" in orditr ' r'trat 'there may lie "foTirt'd
but disorder. We must have order. Nate
is in every heart. Hate leads to disor
der and bloodshecd. You cannot have
love as long as humanity is divided
into two great classes whose interests
are opposed. One class has everything.
The other class has nothing. One class
does not work at all. The other class
does nothing but work. One class has
all the joy and leisure, so mucl. of it in
fact, that it breeds degeneracy. The
other class has no joy and no leisure;
and too little of joy and leisure also
foster degeneracy. This must all changi
thrown. People who have walked the
streets looking for work; people who
have been trying all their lives to save
enough money to own a home and have
failed; pcojde who have never had any
thing but. work and have never enjoyed
any of the beauties of life arc- not
scared by the announcement that the
system of society that has proven such
a failure, from their standpoint, is to
be overthrown. They are only anxiously
waiting for that very thing to happen,
saying, "Nothing can be worse and
more unfair than the system we have
The Bolsheviki undoubtedly do call
upon the workers to overthrow capital
ism. Any intelligent worker, any worker
conscious of his position in society not
only calls upon his brothers to over
throw capitalist society, but he insists
upon it. He will have his way some of
these days, I am quite sure. Kvery day,
more and more workers are talking a
bont this very thing. They are talking
about what Russia has already done
and what they are going to do very
soon. The day is not far ahead.
For sixty years Anarchists, Socialists
and Communists have been ndvaeating
the overthrow of the system that gives
to a few all the advantages and all the
good things of life. They have under
stood the real cause of all their dis
npointmcnts and have tried to organize
to make life worth living.
Is it necessary to apologize for want
ing to bring about changes in the social
order f If you have decided that the
present system of society is bad is it
necessary that one shofild whisper a
bout it I It seems to me that it should
be shouted from the house-tops.
The present system has failed, fniled
miserably. It no longer meets the needs
of the people. Millions of people all
over the world are hungry and out of
work, and this system does not provide
them with either. Si years of war left
twenty million victims all over tho
world. Kverywhere, in every country in
the world crime is in every street. Man
kind is desperate. Something must be
There is something wrong. This wronn
musf be righted. Every one wb- has
made anything like n thorough invest!
Ratio,- of the situation says that in
order t remedy things capitalism must
go, nnd another method of social organi
sation must take its place. Capitalism
is the thing that is wrong. Socialism
or Communism, which ever you may de
sire to call it, must take the plnco of
capitalism. Then our problems will be
Things cannot go on as they are.
Hi, r,. must be a change. If Communism
will nolve them, then we must have
Communism. To-day there in nothing
a solution to these great problems, there
must be a fundamental change in the
structure of society. Some new arrang
ement must be tried. A new social order
must be born.
All life is suffering from a disease.
This disease must be cured. If your
body is sick you must find a remedy.
You must change your diet or do some
thing to cure yourself. The same prin
ciple holds for the world. We must cure
the world of its disease.
There is a remedy for this disease.
Of this we are sure, absolutely sure.
Thero is plenty of food to eat, and
clothes to wear, and material with which
to build houses, but we have not got
them in our possession. These things are
not properly distributed. A few own
and control the source of supply and
the machinery with which things are
made. We must control them. All must
work. All must, produce what they con
Sume. There must be no one in the world
who does nothing but idle. Let me re
peat it again. All must work.
Russia has overthrown capitalism.
There the way is clear to apply the re
medy to the disease. Capitalism in Bng
land, in France, and in tho United
States is trying, in every way, to de
feat the Russian people in their work.
They, the capitalist classes, also believe
that Communism will solve these prob
lems and that is why they are trying
Jo defeat the Communists of Hussia. f
Russia succeeds in properly feeding,
clothing and sheltering the Russian
people); if they are able to add more
joy and comfort and leisure to the life
of the great masses, then the masses
in other countries will insist on over
throwing the capitalist system in their
countries and this is the very thing the
capitalist classes do not want. It de
stroys their privileges; it takes away
their advantages over the masses; it
compels them to go to work. Capitalists
nre quite content with things as they
are, and they are going to resist any
change. The great masses of the pcojde
on the other hand are discontented nr
want a change. They arc going to get
Russia is not going to be crushed.
She is not going to fail. We will fight
with her to see that she has a right
to try her plan of social regenerstion.
Communism will hnve its day. Wo in
sist that every worker stand ready to
defend this now idea. New ideas have
the right to live. We are convinced that
Capitalism has nothing to offer us and
we stand ready to defend, and to try
Something must be done. Some new
way must be tried. Why not Commun
fMrs. Clare Sheridan, English Sculptre, Tells America of Ear
Experience while "Doing" the Communist Leaders of Russia.
By PAUL JASPER.
Very few people have had the opportunity of visiting Sovidfc
Russia. Therefore, the message that each brings back is awailei
with extreme interest. We have now in our midst a new arrival
who had the opportunity and pleasure of visiting Russia Thk
newcomer is different from all others who have brought us new
from that great country. We have heard from political men, jour
nalists, reporters. But now we hear the voice of one who comes
to us "neither as a propagandist nor as a politician, but as an
artist," who related her observations just as she witnessed them,
Our visitor is Mrs. Clare Sheridan, a famous English sculptress
who holds a prominent position in English society. She is a first
cousin of Winston Churchill, the English Statesman, and her
aristocratic and bourgeois connections need no further comment.
The sculptress talked of her trip to Russia at a lecture given I
New York at the Aeolian Hall, Wednesday afternoon (Feb. 9)
It is interesting to learn that the American consul at Londoa
at first hesitated in the vise of Mrs. Sheridan's passport, saying
"how are we to be assured that you are not a Bolshevist agents'
From the moment the lecturer began one learned that she spoke
neither as a Bolshevik, nor as an anti-Bolshevik. She merely staled
what she had seen in that twentieth century laboratory. Many
things appeared unclear and meangless to her. She is unable
to understand the great change that is taking place there, because
in her own words "I haven't read Karl Marx. My mind ha
very great limitations. Politics bore me. I don't cane what govern
ment governs anybody. If I didn't like a government I shouldn't
try to alter it. I should go somewhere else. Therefore, I relate my
experiences in Russia from the unpolitical point of view of at
How Mrs. Sheridan went to Moscow.
It was in August 1920 that Mrs. Sheridan was invited by H
Kameneff, Soviet envoy at London, to go to Russia and sculp the
heads of the Soviet leaders. Both the August dullness (it being tine
holiday period in England) and her desire to sculp the head of
Lenin "the most interesting man" of the Dresent neriod. nromntedl
her to accept. And so she left without consulting her 'faroijy?, an-
Clirinrr lie thiaf nnn ti -i tnulo i mamhai xitaiiM ptivnlir n own niU w
V0 UKil i.JUV. If II LIV. UIO.1 J 1 IL I I I1 IV I VUIU iMIIt-IJ UOVb
IT GOVERNS YOU BUT WHO OWNS IT?
Here's A Free Speech Town
Dixon, 111., Feb. 12th. The curtain
dropped here yesterday on the last
scene of a " free speech ' ' play that has
been a hangover since July 3rd 19111,
with the hero socialist soap boxer
vindicated and the villain Mayor ami
Police Chief in irons (figuretively
The play began on the above men
tioned date when Edgar Owens, then
State Secretary of the Socialist Tarty
OX Illinois, later active in the Com
mnnist Labor Party, climbed upon a
soap box on a prominent Dixon street
corner and began to read a portion of
the Itoport of the Commissioner of
Education showing that in 190-1 only
14 of children entering school finish
d the Krammnr schools; and of those
entering high school, only lOr', finish
ed. At this point the Mayor (play inn
the role of Villian)' busted up the meet
ing. For this violation of 'constitutional
right!1 Owens had the Mayor arrestod.
This is probably the first time in this
country that a capitalist Mayor has
been arrested at the instance of a mere
socialist soap boxer on such a charge.
At the trial a jury of business decided
that the Mayor had a perfect right to
bust up :i socialist meeting. Owens noti
fied all concerned that the meeting
would be continued on the 31st. With
all hands present including the addition
of a few 'extras' in the form of de
puty slirrifl.s, Owens on tho date open
ed the last half of the speech by read
ing from tho Walsh Industrial Rela
tions Report where it is stated that
one of the leading factors making for
industrial unrest in the interference
with free speech by police and mayors.
This was too much for the Mayor, so,
ns if to prove the truth of Walsh's
statement, lie knocked Owens bnck
wards into the arms of the Chief of
Police. i A charge of "reslstinK an of
ficer" was lodged against Owens, r?e
was found guilty the next day, the res
istance consisting in not obeying the
orders of the Mayor. Owens appealed
I- the Circuit Court.
Now n year and a half later in
Judge Stransky's Court the ease was
opened up with attorney H. A. Tirooks,
(Contlnned on page 4.)
Progressive Unions Take Notice!
Some time ago the Workers, (Soldiers nnd Sailors Council of Philadelphia
initiated a movement directed to the end that unity of action of all Independent,
Amalgamated Unions and the I. W. W., might be brought about. One of the
Organizations affiliated with this body, and one of these forming the back
bone of this movement, is the United Association of Railway Employees, which
has now a membership of approximately a quarter r,f a million, and into which
Borne of the locale of the Railroad Brotherhoods have recently gone in a
body, indications being that more will follow.
Owing to the limited resources of the Coun.v we were only able to pro
secute our appeal and state the proposition by means of letters address to
vorions organizations and by publications in tho lnbor props. In these com
munications thero was recounted briefly a history of the rebellion against the
A. F. of L. method of organization, resulting in the formation of the I. V. .
the Amalgamated Unions and the thousands of Independent Unions through
out the country. This communication also stated that as the progressive unions
were at present constituted, they were absolutely powerless to protect the
interest of the workers in the face of present conditions and stated that tin-
only way snch protection could be accomplished was by welding themselves
into one grest, solid, unified mass for r'ne purpose of acting in concert. That
this did not mean that the various individual unions would he compelled to
submerge their identity. It merely meant that all progressive unions should
act as a whole upon all matters that concerned them as a whole, for ennt-rl
with regard to unemployment, wage cutl-injr, the open shvp etc.
This Council also stated that we eould see no other way to tiring this
unity about save by a convention of duty elected delegates from such progres
ive organinations. We therefore asked sll organizations with which we we-c
able to come in contact to send us a rcpfly, stating whether or not they would
be willing to send delegates to such a convention should it he caTled. This
brings us to the raw-pose of this letter.
Owing to 'he limited momic resoawes of this Council we regret derph
that we are unaMe to personally eontnel ourselves with every organization
which has r ponded to our appeal, and because of this fact we are compelled
to take advantage of the only medium through which we can make roph to the
many -om,mnnicntlons received, and to fome in contact with (!, r lata
bodies: that is, by moans of the labor pro.
The Cottar il Mks every organisation which has written to it to consider
this general letter as nn answer to its communication. 11 asks any member
ot such a union to call to the attention of his body the fact Hint he has seen
To the mcmbere of those progressive unions who haw not yet come in
contact with our appeal, we nsk of them ns fellow workers in the fight that
they go to their unions ami bring up the following question, nnd get their
ui.bn to act upon it either one way or the other, nnd then send a letter to
the undersigned, at to what action vv.i taken, whether for or against. Hciucm
ber, that it is absolutely useless to send letters of approval or sympathy with
this effort. In order to know where we stand we must have n definite action
of the union, one way or the other. The question to be derided is; V 1 1 .1 , 100
SEND DELEGATES TO A CONVKNT10N (TO BE CALLED WHEN A SUF
FICIENT NUMHER OK Pilot JRKSSI VP, UNIONS 1 1 A V K SKIMK1KP TIIIP.lt
ASSENT) TO REPRESENT VOUli OKOANIZATION IN ItUINtilNd A ROUT
SUCH CONCERTED ACTION! Mr. Union mnn, remember that this .i,.plio to
von in particular who read it: It is your duty to bring it up in your union
Please have jroar anion send either your acceptance jot rejection of thin
question to the Undersigned.
LEONARD W HKLZ.
S0S1 North PI h. Sir. Philadelphia. Pa.
I O ... ...v. .. -..v '
;her from leaving, and travelled to Moscow, via Stockholm
jhad always T thought that cne'BolsTievirci were temT(e71r3rocioa
people. Kameneff deceived her in this impression. So she expedai
to rina them lerocious the nearer she would come to Russia. Meet
ing Litvinoff in one of the Scandinavian countries, she was quite
surprised to discover how human and ordinary was his family. She
was astonished to see the cheerfulness of the Litvinoff famDjc
having been informed by the English press that the Botehevifti
were horrible and distorted ci-eatures of Nature But we al
leam sometime !
We were told of her arrival at Stockholm, ot how different
it was from the foimer numerous trips she had made to that city
where many winters were spent in artist's work. On all former
occasions her visit was known to His Royal Highness, the Prino;
whose wife (the daughter of an English aristocrat) was a clow
friend of Mrs. Sheridan since -childhood. Previously, the royil
motors had come to meet her r.nd her arrival was well-heraldeC
Rut now she came quietly and unknown ard in the company of m
Communist, a Bolshevik ! And who greeted her this time? The par
ty was met by Strom. Left-Wing leader of the Swedish Socialist
movement and Bolshevik representative at Stockholm. She hadbal
a few hours to spend there before her boat left. She called up Urn
Prince who was amazed to hear that she was leaving for Russia.
When he saw that she was determined to g-o, his one remark w
"how uninteresting you will find us (meaning European royally)
when you return." How true! Even a Prince can think these days!
Art and Drama in Russia.
Mrs. Sheridan was well treated in Moscow, which resulted m
creating the impression that therefore she was a Bolshevist. But
her numerous statements that she was not convinced ns that the
trip was undertaken for purely artistic reasons. The wonderfti
environment of reconstruction in Moscow most impressed her. She
said "Destruction seems to be over. Everyone is working over
time, like supermen to restore the ruins. There is an entire Ab
sence of social life," meaning rather society life. And this absence
gave her the necessary leisure to attend to her work. She was
evidently glad to get away from society life and forget about socidy
functions. For one of artistic temperment this spirit of reconstrua
tion must surely have a splendid effect.
It was interesting to hear her contrast of thP art
Moscow with those of London. "The picture galleries and museums
were open and well catalogued. I was surprised to sm thpm full
peasants who were interested in the old masters and collections
of futurist paintings. One hears many rumors that art works of
vussia iiiid turn d.vstroy.'d and tho contents of the-museums scat- x
tered. I saw the museum of the Kremlin rwrfv.riv i X
in beautiful condition". And we were told how in 'civilized' Londoa
the art galleries were prectically empty. How Strange it seemu
that in the so-called "brutish and disorganized" Russia thenar
peasants can show such an interest in art and culture
Then followed a few words on the Opera. "To look' at the staae.
its brilliant scenery and splendid singing you might suppose yo
self ,n Pans or London. Rut a glance back at the audience and wa
can t beheve your eyes. It is a dream. The people are all worio.
and they are so attentive and appreciative." While in London, xh.
said, the opera is only for the "most cultured" wlo alw mm!
In late and talk throughout the performance. Another
twvn the 'civilized' London (of the bourReoi8ie) w
civilized' Russia of the Workers and Peasant Gotrnment
As to the people in the streets, I saw people completely wftta
out ,oy, people who never laughed or sang, with
(Oontlnood on paga I.) 1 m