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SATURDAY, MARCH 5-th 1921.
THE T 0 I
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A Review by Henry Allen
EDITORIAL PAGE OF THE TOILER
I THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF
1 TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL UNIONS.
By A. Losovsky.
Mew York: The I'nion Publishing Ass.
The American Bureau
We are publishing1 on the first page of this sisue of The
Toiler the first appeal issued to American labor unionists by the
American Bureau of the International Council of Trade and In
dustrial Unions which has present headquarters in Moscow.
The American Bureau of the International has but recently
been established in this country. This first appeal lays before
the trade and Industrial unionists of this country in a concise
and graphic manner the international and national problems of
labor. The appeal, coming- to us at a time when Labor is wandering-
without a guide in a wilderness and maze of conflicting
ideas, beset on all sides by great dangers, should serve to awaken
the workers to a new consciousness and a realization of its stern
These are serious days for workers. Capitalism is focusing
all its energies to sustain itself upon an impoverished and broken
working-class. The Open Shop campaign and the present terrible
unemployment are but the prelude of the chant of victorious
Capitalism unless Labor quickly forges new weapons with which
to defend itself.
The issue is not nnlv national, but international. Only an in
ternational weapon wielded by in the interests of labo of every
country will effect the slightest injury to the world imperialism
of the capitalists. No such weapon exists at this moment. The
Amsterdam Bureau is a broken lance. The Labor Bureau of the
League of Nations is bvt a capitalist controlled machine of no
more benefit to Labor tfrn a "company union". The times de
mand a new weapon. The A 'ternational Council of Trade and In
dustrial Unions organized Moscow last summer with a member
ship of 10,000,000 members Vo start with, is now forging this
That the American Bureau will find a rich and wide field for
the exploitation of its energies is apparent. With scores of Left
unions and parts of national unions representing many hundreds
fil frhwflftwfo of etefv"fflsewKffkaYs stert avit v&'atiy -teHwke
an advanced position in the class struggle on the economic field,
its growth is assured Unionists should circulate this appeal and
read it in their local unions. It must be discussed and those locals
already schooled in the class struggle should Rl once upply for
membership in the only International which can function In the
interests of the Workers of the World Join the International!
What Lenta iecomplished la his
pamphleteering igainel the second In
ternational, Losovsky, one of the load
ers of the RvMiaa Trade I'nion move
ment and a prominent Coninmnist, It
destined to achieve in his fight against
the "yellow" Amsterdam Trade Onion
International, with his pamphlet under
review. This pamphlet is a powerful in
diriment against the LegieM, the
Qompenes, the Hendersons, the Ap
pletons, the JouhtUX, the Thomases,
etc., those an h traitors of the working
lass, who, side by side with the Kaut-
ikys, the Ronaudela, the Vanderveldea,
the Bergen, the Leee and the Londons,
became the 'civil generals" of their
respective capitalist governments to
achieve the " moral mobilization" of
the masses as cannon fodder for Kuro
pean battle fields. ,
These "labor lieutenants of the cap
italist class," as DoLeon called them,
who betrayed and sold the workeis
during the war, and destroyed the In
ternational trade union connections
after the war sough) to revive the in
ternational trade union movement an
additional chain for the enslavement if
the masses to their chariot of "class
cooperation'" and "class conciliation."
This policy Ims been carried out in two
directions; one, through the Labor lu
reau "i the League of Nations and the
other the ' ' fellow ' ' Amsti rdam interna
tional Federation of Trade Unions,
The Fallacies of the Amsterdam Inter
national Against these leaders and against
their "International" Moscow has be
gnu a vigorous campaign, dust as on
the political field, they set up the
Third International against the social
patriotic Second international so now,
upon tin1 trade union field, they have
set up a Wed Labor I'nion Internationa!
against the "yellow" Amsterdam In
ternational, the tail of the Labor Bu
reau of the League of Nations.
. Uatmta fl'Mi'lv ,s.li')ffsj an;riiiil.v,
A Portion of the Manifesto
to Washington to
1 ot internal ion;.!
tar twenty inillon
iont to destruction.
rorrv alien' labor
n order to raise
fodder to saeri
sire to wort; out
imbors mf their
ivd ueoroe and
art of crushing
lose ennchs think.
I hey are goiti
work at a progRI
t :i I m 1 1- liu islal ion. A
workers liave been
these people now
legislation! Is thi
frosh crops of eanij
flee on the altar
a program, ami lil
wait in the ante
patrons -Wilson, U
other experts in t
the working class!
that the bourgeoisiAfhom they served,
out of gratitude foatheir past services
in confusing the n ils of the workers,
will bring them librfcl labor legislation
on ii plate and siy, there are some
concessions for yrjjr good conduct.
These little people (Krith slavish minds
forget that individual persons may re
ceive presents, but that a whole .class
cannot take a 'tip' be satisfied with
a sop. Many of the .i')or leaders hang
ing onto the skirt- of Wilson lme
particularly flexible spines; as the
working class does not posses such a
spine, hanging aroind ministrial ante
chambers is foreign and repulsive to it.
This is a request tojaccept the proletr
iat as a poor relation into the 'limited
company' for the exploitation of small
and weak nations, Which in the lang
unge of the international marauders is
called "The League of Nations".
The insistent and pressing- problem of unemployment in the
Buckeye state lias been solved by the master minds in the Social
ist Party, none other than Joseph W. Sharts and Local Dayton,
editor and owners respectively of the Miami Valley Socialist.
We suggest that all worthy people residing in other states pos
esssing the Initiative and Referendum and an unemployment pro
blem should send at once to Editor Sharts for the rt.ceipe. It's
simple. Winderfully simple. So simple that it demands investigating-
"We are going to Open the Factories", stales the M. V. S.
in a seven column headline in its issue of Feb. 25th. And it pro
ceeds to tell how it is going to do it in a 10 point 18 em " column
article. The M. V. S. by the way, is the Official Organ of the
S. P of Ohio. However, this is a mere courtesy extended to the
S. P. by generous local Dayton which sells nalestate city lots,
merchandise and solves unemployment problems.
"We Are Going to Open the Factories", in big black type
looks imposing. It sounds good too, very determined like, just as
tho it meant business. So now we will proceed to open the factories
by the most astonishing '.wid ingeniously simple method "a
perfectly lawful, peaceful way", as one paragraph says. Some
editors are so damned afraid of the law.!
The third column tells us that all that's required to put an
end to unemployment in Ohio is an AMENDMENT TO TH".
OHIO CONSTITUTION. There, the secret is out! And all we
need to get this little democratic miracle worker busy is somej"' lli'MM international labor legists
c,,. f MiMtaaTMla l Btmnowa fx ruitifJ niulm ,m,,. I,,..,,. I mi.,.,! ffl,n 1 '"' ''I'lesent at ives of eill
. i ' i 'J l iii 1 1 1 1 1 1 i ' ' l i . , i ; i n n' 1 i jnii i ' 1 1 i inn 'ii.inin.ii i'i
Inititiatlve and Referendum. Easy? We should say so. Just vou
for thin step, lie analyses the fund
amental weaknesses of the trade unions
prior to the war, and the Corruption of
these unions by the policy of "class
cooperation" which, in this countTv
"They desiie to secure internutionn
labor legislation by means of friendly '
negotiations with those who have spent i
all their lives and energy in securing
internal ai uapuansi legislation, Ih.'v
desire to secure advantages tor the
workers not by means of their organ
ized, independent, revolutionary clnss
power, but by mean- of ' behind-the-scenes'
negotiations, cunning combina
tions and diplomatic intrigue. Petty de
ceivcrs! Where have they seen the
bourgeoisie grant tie most petty, most
insignificant social reform without the
direct action of the masses .' In what
country is there a capitalist class that
viliiuliiiily iHiiBTw, jjfc.w
renders part "i
oisie or the dictatorship of the pre
lariat: League of Nations or the Third
i International- there can be no middle
"i hit of the road, deceivers and hy
pocrites, the social Revolution is con:
The Red International Union is
LflSOVshy describes the difficulties
and the obstacles encountered in launch
ing Till-; INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL
()K TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL
There you have the policy of the
"yellow'1 Amsterdam International.
Now since the Second International
has passed away, into the black ob
livion accompanied by the hearty hur
rahs of the deceived and disillusioned
workeis, this "yellow" Amsterdam In
ternational has become the rallying
gtound for l he labor fakers and social
patriots of the whole world; it has
become the center of world sabotage
against Soviet Russia and the growing
Proletarian Revolution in nil countries.
It must lie exposed as a tool af the
international plunderers and butchers
who aim to enslave the masses for new
wars of eonquesl and imperialist pro
fits. This tool must he destroyed.
For this purpose the Russian Trade
Unions, taking advantage of the pres
ence of labor delegation from various
countries, who came to b'ussia during
the Second World Congress, convened
a preliminary conference with tl b
joct of setting up n Red Labor Union
International that would take up the
gauntlet against the "yellow" Amster
Ill the .discussions that arose among
cne various representatives at the two I unions?
preliminary conferences, many quest
ions of vital importance cropped up.
These were, Mi Dictatorship of tin'
iai i.-ii, i -j pontics ami nomlcs,
(3) the necessity for a political nartv
An organization of World War Objectors" has been organized at N"w
York. This organization is composed of all who object to war on ethical, re
ligious, personal, political or class grounds. It is organizing to prevent the NEXT
The Senate lias passed a bill providing that no foreigngners may be re
ceived in Airencan ports unles their passports ba-,e been wised by U. 9,
representatives in their home countries. By a system of checking up emigrants
thru the agencies of the governmental secret service, the possibility of European
radicals getting passage to the land of the free is very remote. Capitalistic
governments are leagneing together in every posfible way to hamper the move
ments of the revolutionary proletariat.
The visitor privileges of Eugene V. Debs have been suspended. D. S. Dicker
son, chief of the bureau of prisoners and paroles, states that Debs' privilfjyrs
have been taken away because in an interview he assailed the president of the
United States. If reports are true, the next attorney general of the U. S. will
be Harry Daugherty, who. it is claimed expended 8150,000 to indme presirieit
Taft to free from Atlanta prison Chas W. Mo.sc, the ice king. While Deb- Is
shut away from his friends he may now cultivate 3 reverence for the coming
Czar. But will he do if? He won't!
Mrs Thomas Manning, whose husband was shot in the back and killed by
Anaconda Mining interests' gun men has instituted suit lor S100.000 against
the company for the death of her husband. It seens that the only people who
care for the lives of strikers are their wives and kids.
An out-o-work iron moldcr left a copy of The Toiler in the rest room ot the
union lieadcjuartcs in Cleveland the other day. Now there is a large sign put ,tp
which reads: "Please do not leave any radical literature here ".
Up to date the officials in charge have not been thrown out on the pave
ment. Wouldn't it be hell if these unemployed should think some radical tnots
suui as geiting no oi their parasitic bosses on the job ami the ones in then-
Union printers at Gadsden, Ala., voluntarily reduced their wages 10 cents
per hour. Tney believe in helping to get back to normalcy. Please don't think
any radical thots in this union.
profit-- and income
for the sake of the 'beautiful eves of
bankrupt labor leaders.' There is no
such country. Such a state ami a class
does not exist. The capitalist class will
tune of "III
and the emi
unions to ki
and syndicates, interlocking
etc, etc., and had completely
""; l""1'"""' " ' " 1 J- Hetpont Morgan's palatial home in Lo:.don as been generously offered
"ntetnational, (.) the Proletarian the American ambasador to England. The house of Representatives has to a
"' ""' S"vl"t 8'8temi "!,;vote 167 to 52 accepted the offer. We don't see anything wrong In it
splitting ofi lion, or conquering the Mr. Morgan chooses to house Mr. Morgan's hired' man for the conducting of Mr
trade unions. utA-o-fin'c Im.4am ... j. .a ..... s -
, ""j ivhwii iui tucKiir.
The pamphlet tal-e up these quest
ions ami analyse! 'he various tenden
cies manifested by the delegates. He
shows how at first il seemed well-nigh
Inpossible to bring such divergent ele
ments together into one organization
on a common basis, ami how finallv
the differences were hammered out
It's his BUSINESS!
An exact duplicate of the notorious Kansas Industrial Court law is schedul
ed for approval of the W. Va. state legislature when it meets in March. An
amendment to the Constabulary law doubling the present force is also intro
duced. This, the farmers and labor unionists are fighting, stating that the only
use of the Constabulary is to iutorfere in"labor disputes and against the workers.
Immediate resumption of trade with Russia .-"id the recognition of the Irish
Republic are contained in the demands of resolutions adopted by the corrvtntion
of the Montana State Federation of Labor in recent session at Oreat FalK
1 by the labor fakers to the guard their priviligos with all the fj
ue of their lici-is, and no waiting on
nor steps, no slavish luiuiil
pan "f the working clnss
the bourgeoisie to change
interests of the worker
overs are identical." An
was the failure of the
Willi I lie STOWtUB
iiv on the
'ion id' capitalist industry: its nature.
RB capitalists had their trusts
the bourgeois slate to their class in
terests, the trade unions still clung to
their narrow craft form of organisation
and their narrow craft projudlces. The-,'
weaknesses, fostered for their own pur
poses by the labor fakers and ignor-
ant leaders, made it an easy task to
convert the trade unions into semi 1
governmental machinery iii time of war.
The purely formal and loose interna
tional connections of the trade unions
snapped like a leaf in a gale at the first
breath of war, ami for four years these
labor leaders called upon the workers
to xteriniiinte each other. What pur
pose lav behind their haste in re estab
lishing the old broken threads which
they hail pulled asunder?
ue being deceive
and the actions
i your leaders
nsk them who
Soviet Republic; ask them who phi
anus in the 1 1- by the Itoiimaiii in
charged with calling a World Congress
of nil trade unions accepting the prin
ciples of the Dictatorship of the I'm
letnrtal and Soviet Power.
'I his World Congress is to he held 111
Ask them what the League Moscow, May 1st, 1 u 1 . ami is to lay
as given the proletariat ; j ' I"' permoncnl foundation for the Red
rueified the Hungarian Labor I'nion International.
ins; ask t In-ill bv whose orders and integral
wiih whose money were thousands and I union in
thousands of Hungarian workers iymd the first
predj ask them who supported Koltchai H- W. W
and a general agreement reached. These
questions are of a particular interest
In the revolutionist in relation to the
trade union question as a whole and
should he carefully studied. Permits for 4,000 children between the ages of 14 and 16 years to enter the
After the preliminary conferences,! factories of Milwaukee Sotmty were disclosed In the recoidl of the Industrial
tl rgunizution was h bed, a n ; Commission. The St.ite Federation of Labor is attempting to raise the eompnuv
elaiation of Principles was drawn up ! ory school age to 1(3 years.
and a Provisional Coi il was elected
-e-n .'n workers to the number of 4.000 have arrived in Detroit to find
that the glowing accounts of high wages in the Michigan sugar beet fields and
for unskilled labor in the industries are lakes. Charity organizations are fur
nishing relief and shipping thp destitute and disillusioned workers back to-Mexico.
than ten millions of orsan
is of Europe are already an
art of this fighting trade
rnationnl. There is mi doubt
World Congress will see t In
itio o. it. r. and a number
Students of economics, members of the Emory University of Atlanta, have
petitioned the Warden to allow Dobs to deliver a lecture on economics to them
ii. the prison hall. It will he necessary first to obtain the Consent of the D.
of J. however.
and Donikln, who organized White 0' other militant independent industrial
Ounrd connpiratics in Russia, who sup-; unions of North and South America nf
plies money and irmn to the Russian i filiated, as well as a number of "Tefl
monarchists who are exterinin.il ing the w'ng" A, P. of I., unions.
I lie inspiring message in tin
inlet is the new clear call to tin
Because of an illegal" strike in the Kansas coal fields, Alexander Howatt.
president of the Kansas District has been an-ested. Howatt states he will make
a test case of the Allen anti-strike law and carry it thru to the highest court
i to ascertain if labor can be chained like a slave to a job.
lewish population, who pays all these
Russian pogromchicka, with whose aid
Losovsky exposes their real motives
in trenchant and pitiless style. And
then he quotes the manifesto issued by
the Itussian trade unions on the eve if
the convocation of the Washington
Conference of the Labor Bureau of the
League of Nations, to the workers of
Bnrope and America. To this confer
enco went the trade union represent
atives of the Amsterdam international
are the fields and valleys of Kussi.i
drenched in the blood of tens of thou
sands of workers and peasants; nsk
I hem all this, and when they tell you
about the League of Nations, about
agr nts with the bourgeoisie,
that the consumptive Second Interna
tional) composed of traitors, can re
strain world imperialism) that the ruih
less dictatorship of capital can be soft
ened by an international armistice," und
that nil this will be in the interest of
the proletariat and socialism -- answer
them in the firm, determined voice of
it revolted proletariat! tell them what
the experience of the Russian trade
unions my, 'Pietatnrspip ot the bonrji
conscious organised workers for the
forging of an Intornatioinl working
class weapon, so as to unite the vast
majority of the organised workers of
the world for the final BSSUalt upon
A copy ot this pamphlet should be
placed in the hands of every organised
ami unorganized worker in America. Its
sixty four pages are crammed chock
full of intelcctual meat. The language,
through a translation, Is singularly
simple and direct. It carries a universal
appeal that should touch a responsive
chord in the heart and mind of ,vrv
worker in America.
The two Communist pHrtiPs and the
Communist Labor party of England
have united into a single front against
capitalism under 1 ".'inner ot the Third
leave a socialist lawyer editor to fix up 11111;' matters like las security. All for the purpo.se of furnishing wurk lor the un
UNIVERSAL unemployment. To quote the M. V. S. verbatim: employed I When Editor Sharts meets a capitalist who will do
"The proposed amendment would empower the cities to lake over) that, we will approve the plan, Evidently the editor of the M. V
at Once any nnd all factories and plants for stat lino co-operative s- does not know that capitalists are class -conscious even if
industries and einployin.! the unemployed workers. It would tlM workera are not.
empower them to issue honds upon the security of (he property) Thia humdinger l ;i plan lias been submitted to the Stale
thus laken, for financing such enterprises and compensating the Executive Committee, lor their approval, we learn. An anxious
owners." and perturbed world awaits the decision. With the power con
Now, this may he lepra!, we note that the "owners" are to I 'erred by this amendment, we are told, the city councils will
he compensated, winch means that the workers are not piinjr to either open the factories m FA( E a RECALL at the hands of
trespass upon the factories they have built. In matters of lawjthe enraged workcrt. Terrible threat. It is to marvel. The caput-
muet lin.v to the superior knowledge and wisdom of attorney italisl State and its lesser units will erect a new system ot in
Sharts. Our lepal studies extend only to a hasty reading Of dim- dustry State capitalism, on the mere jesture of a certain per-
inal syndicalism and libel laws. But while it may be law and
legal -it isn't sense. And we have more respect for tense than
Looking this proposed bill ever with the eye of one who
cent of the voters for fear of recall of a few political fakers in
ofi ice in the meantime the factories will stay ctesed and the
workers have starved to death.
propose to Kditor Sharfs that he go upon the streets
reads the news papers, the possibilities oi court injunctions, of Dayton and enquire of the unemployed il tht.y would feel that
postponements, delays etc., etc., seem to us an Impregnable j their constitutional rights to "life, liberty and the pursuit of
barrier to ii- adoption. I ui passing up that phass as being out of happiness ' would ie greatly outraged ly a taking-Over of the
our realm, we Would 'ike to know who the deuce is going to buy lactones oy the workers Wlllioi I compensation to the blessed
i i i I......1.. x- i ni ii I i
uiesf ihic muni-, .mii tin: oiirnipiov en. linn ui' i .. p. i ;i 1 1 i ..
The capitalists are poing to advance the money for bonds will,
which to pay themselves for their factories, lnkin the factories
And. SUPPOsinp the unemployed and starving should sa
no' , what would stt imey editor SOCIALIST
?harl i.d i ie '
TUT. RET) LAKOR UNION INTERNATIONAL AP
PTIALS TO THE AMERICAN WORKERS.
(Continued from pnar I.)
union meetings. Discuss it with youi mates
iii the shop Nave your local unions bring
pressure upon national organizations to en
dorse ii. Our aim must be to bring the whole
American labor movement into the interna
iional Council of Trade and industrial
Long live (he international solidarity of
the workers of I he world!
Long live the International ( ouneil of
Trade and Industrial Unions!
International Council of Trade
and Industrial Unions.
RESOLUTION BLANK PGR IN
(Organisations should fill out this
blank and mail it to the Amei'can Bu
reau, International Council of Trade
and Industrial Unions, Queens Count y
Labor Lyceum, Mvrtlo X: Evergieen
Aves.. Brooklyn, N. Y.J
is not affiliated with any International
of Labor Unions at the present time,
WHEREAS, the class struggle between the
workers and the ::apilalits .til over the
Wi rid is assuming more and more the
aspect of one International front, I ml
YYIIKK'.AS, the Imperialists are preparing
DAW Will in which the workers will he
called upon to slaughter each other for
the sake of capitalist greed and profits,
WHEREAS, these conditions which iire
menacing the workers, demand that
Laoor must unite Nationally and Inter
nationally in order to present a so'id
front against the enemies of the work
ing class, and,
iVHEREAS, there are at present two lalxir
Internationals the Amsterdam Federa
tion, led by the t "a itor loaders who BE
TRAYED LABOR DURING AND
AFTER THE WAR, and the INTER
NATIONAL COUNCIL OK TIRADE
AN D INDUSTRIAL UNIONS compos
ed Of revolutionary Labor Unions oi
the World; therefore, be it
RESOLVED, thai this Local meeting (or
executive board) of the -,T...
the INTEL NATIONAL COUNCIL OF
TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL UNIONS,
as the inly real fighting International
of Labor Unions, and calls upon the
General Executive Hoard of the
filiate with this International and to
take all necessary stops to be roprcM nt
ed at the World Conpress of Labor
Unions, called by the Provisional Coun
cil of the Trade and Indus! rial Unions.