Newspaper Page Text
THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE
THIRD, COMMUNIST INTERNATI
The Proceedags of the Second Congress of the 'Communist International 4cl
EDITORIAL NOTE: There has been recently released for publication
by the Department of State a most important document. It consists of a
booklet of 166 closely printed pages and K is entitled: 'THE SECOND
CONGRESS of the COMMUNIST INTERNATIONAL." being a translation
of the reports of the proceedings of the Communist Congress in Moscow
last simmer made directly from the Russian newspapers. "Pravda" and
Tirestia". The contents are divided into two parte. First, the Bolshe?is
newspaper reports of the proceeding; and secondly, the Bolshevist Inter
pretations of the Congress, consisting of various Theses, Reports, Documents.
Since The Toiler has) previously published for informative reasons, the
ProgTtme of the United Commuust Party of America, affiliated with the
Communist International, we wish to announce that as the government has
Officially released for publication this noteworthy booklet, we feel equally
bound to give it to oar readers. We may add in parenthesis that we join
the Department of State in its expressed "hope that the publication of this
Memorandum will do much to clarify public opinion in regard to the pro
Menu which face this democracy in Its relations with Bolshevism . gjj
OPENING OF THE 2ND CONGRESS OF III
(Petrogmd Pravda, July 21, 1920.)
SPEECH OF COMRADE ZINOVIEV.
B 12 o'clock the hall and balconies were filled to overflowing.
The member of the Executive Committee of the III Inter
national appear, with the president of the latter, Comrade Zino
tiiev, at their head. At the same time Comrades Lenin, Kalinin,
Badek, Bukhara, and others mount tho stage. The leaders of
the proletariat are welcomed with thunderous applause. The
members of the Congress take their seats.
The members of (the Congress are in the front rows. On each
member's desk is a previously prepared full set of the ''Com
munist Intemaional" in artistic binding, and also a portfolio
containing a collection of photographs illustrating various aspects
of the Russian revolution and of the constructive work of Soviet I
Bussia, and also a pad of paper, a noteoooK, etc.
At 1.05 p. m. Comrade Zinoviev, in the name of the Executive
Committee of the Communist International, declares the silting
ijf the Congress opened. ,
In Memory of Fallen Fighters.
"The first word," said Comrade Zinoviev, "must be consecrat
ed to ,the memory of our friends and leaders who have perished
for the cause of the Communist International. There is no country
where the blood of workmen-Communists has not been shed. One
has only to recall our Hungarian comrades, Comrades Samuel i,
Levin, and many others. In Finland, Esthonia, Hungary, and
elsewhere, hundreds and thousands of the best sons of the work
ing class have perished.
"In opening, the Congress we do honor to the memory of the
comrades who have fallen." .
On Comrade Zinoviev's proposal all present stand; the or
chestra plays the funeral march
Greetings to Comrade Monat, Loriot , and Others.
''At this historic momenlt we may recall also those comrades
mVn nvn iiTifr VmViinlH irnn irraf mora nrVm ara lflnaniisVlincr in
orisons, thrown there! bv the enemies of the proletariat. Our
French friends, Comrades Loriot, Monat, and others, have been
Jmnrteoned.v . . ... . ' I,
"We send greetings to the many fighters in the workmen's
revolution who are languishing in prisons."
Straggle Between II and III International.
"The Communist International was founded 15 months ago,
end from its very first steps it naturally had to cross swords
with the II International, entering into direct conflict with the
latter Both Mix friends fcvnd our enemies in all Europe and
America must face this fact, and also recognize that our struggle
has been crowned With success, and that as a result of this duel
the II Intemafcional has been knocked in the head by the III
"The struggle between us and the II international is the real
struggle of classes. In the ranks of the II International there
were many of our class-brothers, who had been deceived by the
false ideology Of the yellow Socialists who had followed the same
road with the bourgeoisie,
The Triumph of the III International.
"We triumphed because the bourgeoisie proved powerless to
liquidate the heritage of the war; because the bourgeoisie as a
vhole is not able to do anything to reconstruct the economic life
of Europe. The II International linked its fate with the bour
geoisie at the Very first shot that proclaimed the beginning of
the imperialistic war. The later attempts to reestablish the II
International naturally met with no succes. Its principal leader
Strove to enter into alliance with the League of Nations.
"They put Wilson on the same slate with Jaures, that martyr
of the labor movement.
The Bourgeoisie is Destined to Perish.
"Therefore all the blows showered now on the bourgeoisie,
fall like a heavy ihammer on the II International. Every organi
sation that has associated itself with the bourgeois class, whose
end is predestined, by that very fact condemns itself also to ruin.
"The wording class is coming into power, and the bourgeoisie
in its despair eeizes on the half-dead II Internationa!, and stran
gles it in its dying grasp. There is no doubt that both are ap
proaching definite ruin, because in the historfc sense year" are
x reckoned by days. Their collapse will make it possible for an
international union of workmen to create a new world, founded
on Communism. The idea of democracy has faded away before
our very eyes.
"When the American bourgeoisie before the eyes of the whole
world suspended constitutional guarantees, whom this much-
braised democracy violated all the principles established by it
by this it itself determined its place. On this question there should
not be two opinions. In noting the victory over the II Inter
national it is necessary to emphasize this much-debated point,
and finish once for all with democratic tendencies.
The Tasks of the Congress.
"Tho Congreab has been convened to decide certain question,
whicli are the subject of dilute in the ranks of the Communist
movement. We hove brought to the Congress parties which have'
"In the period of the collapse of tl " international M parties,
have abandoned it one after anothel Now they are trying to
enter the III International. Such arJUie German Independents
and the French Socialist Party, grop adhering to these, and
also certain others.
There Will Be No Place for Tiaitorfin the IU International.
"At the Congress no dishonest ticking will be permitted,
and there can be no concession Ito the!1 International. We shall
tell the German and French workmeipat they must start to
cleanse their ranks so that they may cl Jnito tlfe International
union of workmen. Just as in individuiPntries we must have
parties molded from iron and steel,
masses with them, so we must do the
scale. There must be created a pliable
which can render powerfull assistance
wherever such will be required.
Why the J International Did
CLEVELAND, 0., SATURDAY, MARCH l-th lflfcl.
th carry ihe working
ptio on the international
Idis mobile organization,
"If the struggle of the I Internationa'!s1iich was built by the
hands of Marx and Engels, was not crowl
with success, it was
re should remember
because at that time there was no union oflvorkmen on a world
scale. To be victorious over the 'bourg'eoije it is essential to
realize this fundamental task.
Fiftieth Anniversary of the First Large
"As we begin the work of the Congress
that in a few months we shall have the fiff&th anniversary of
the first great uprising of workmen who Jnnted out the road
for ,us. We should remember the Paris Colnrane, which wrote
the first page of the history of the intefiatioiial workmen's
"We express our fervent Jsire that by te date of this great
anniversary France already will have a Frelch Soviet Republic.
The Triumph of t ? International Pro! nat is Near.
"A short time wipass, and the proleta at of all countries,
in a single outburawith a clearly defined and as a single
entity, will marjit forward to victory, und 1 tho leadership of
the Communist International.
"Long live the working class of the who eWorld!
"Long live the Communist International !
All thei members of the Congress" and all lose present at the
sitting by their stormy and long applause sh ved their complete
solidarity with the wishes expressed by Com ade Zinoviev.
of the Praesitlium
(Continued from page 1.1.
March JO Judge Dunne releases
Rena Mooney on same bail as Wein
berg's, nine months after acquitted
April 27 Defense counsel make
motion in Judge Griffin's court that
death verdict be se taside because of
fraud practiced by District Attorney
Fickert and the San Francisco police
department in the Mooney trial.
May 2 British Labor Party
through its secretary, Hon. Arthur
Henderson, M. P., protest against
frame-up and demands new trial for
May 15 The London (England)
Trades Council cablegrams demand
for new trial.
May 28 Judge Griffin resentences
Mooney to be hanged on August 23rd
Grants stay of execution to enable
defense to appeal from his decision
to State Supreme Court
June 5 President Wilson again
urges new trial.
June 11 District Attorney Fickert
files brief with Governor Stephens
attacking impartiality of Federal
June 12 Record of the trial of
German Consul "Franz Von Bopp dis
closed, the fact that District Attor
ney Fickert suplied German agent
with fake credentials addressed to
"Officers and officials; throughout
the United States and Canada." This
agent, C. C. Crowley, was responsible
for many dynamitings and destruc
tion of munitions for alies.
June 13 Fickert announces his
candidacy for governor based on. his
prosecution and conviction of Mooney
June 17 The Lancashire-Cheshire
(England)- Federation of Labor, rc
presenting 250,000 workers, demands
new trial for Mooney.
Juno 17 Transcript of Oxman
hearing before Sprocket's Grand Jury
discloses the fact that District At
torney Fickert requested Lieutenunt
of Police "Steve" Bunncr to meet
Ed Rigall on his arrival in San
Francisco and forcibly get possession
of Oxman's famous perjury letters
Juno 20 Annual convention of
American Federation of Labor, held
at' St. Pul, Minnesota, recommends
that President Wilson use all the
power vested in him to prevent
Mooney's execution and urges Gov
ernor Stephens to .grant the presi
nat yet manifested their purely communistic character, -which dent's request for a new trial
have not yet fully defined their tactics. Individual groups of the I ,Junc 23-AviaKon Lieutenant Wm
iir. r . jhcouv, luniivr inuuiivy jmui
ito German by
the speech into
Comrade Zinoviev's speech was transla
Comrade Radek. Comrade Balabanova transl.
French and Italian.
ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF P
Then take place the elections of members
of the Congress. In the name of the exc-eutwe committee, Com
rade Bukharin proposes the following nam
Comradea: Levi (Germany), Rocmer (France), Seratti (Italy),
Lenin end Zinoviev- (Russia).
Thisiroposal is unanimously adopted.
Comrade Zinoviev then reports that many organizations have
desired to present greetings to the Congress. Because, of lack
of time it is necessary, however, to limit the granting of the'
floor for the presenting of greetings to only one representative
of the Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic, on whose
territory the Congress has convened.
The floor is given to the president of the All-Russian Central
Executive Committee of Soviets, Comrade Kalinin, whom the
Congress welcomes with a boisterous ovation.
SPEECH OF COMRADE KALININ.
Greeting to the Congress from Russian Workmen and Peasants.
"In the name of the workmen and peasants of Soviet Russia,"
begins Comrade Kalinin, "I greet the 2nd World Congress of the
III Communist International;"
"Our Communist --Party," continues Comrade Kalinin, "in its
past activity was not spoiled by parliamentary struggle. It was
forced to carry on its struggles against Tsarism and Kerensky
under difficult conditions, but the party never lost hope that,
Tsarism and oppression would be overthrown...
The Struggle for the Welfare of Toilers.
."During the last three years we have had to make enormous
sacrifices and show colossal energy in the struggle for the wel
fare of the toilers.
"We have had to suffer all the burdens of civil war, of hunger,
of blockade, etc. In this 'difficult and constant struggle, Soviet
Russia tempered herself. This struggle made it possible for us to
create our glorious, invincible Red Army, which at the present
moment is showing miracles of bravery on the fields oT battle
against white Poland.
"At the present moment it is absolutely ..clear to Russian
workmen and peasants that we are not f ighting solely the Russian
bourgeoisie and Tsarist landlords: that it is not onlv atrainst
w - y ' 1 r 1 sss
such that our struggle is directed. The workmen and peasants
now know that the world bourgeoisie stinds behind the Russian
bourgeoisie, sending -against us now this enemy, now the other.
That is why Russian workmen at the present moment look to the
West, knowing that the world proletariat is on their side." .
Comrade Kalinin concludes his speech btf expressing
the hope that the Congress which is about to open will serve as
the beginning of a direct conflict of the peoples of the East and
West for the liberation of the world proletariat, and once again
greets the Congress in the name of the All-Russian Central Ex
ecutive Committee of Soviets.
(Next article-Lenin's Speech Before the 2nd Congress.)
HFNHB Tl MOONEY FRAME UP.
tth "Iron Molders'
Association lngs frame-up to the"
attention of t he British war cabinet
July 10 Miners' Federation of
Great Britain urges' new trial foi
iMooney in cablegrames to Presiden'
Wilson and Governor Stephens.
July 16 California State Supreme
Court refuses stay of execution of
sentence. I A i
July 47 yom Mooney removed
from county jkil to death cell in San
July 25 District Attorney Fick
ert in affidalt filed with Governor
Stephens staled that Felix Frank
furter, secrefiry of Federal Com
mission, stated his belief while the
commission was sitting in San Fran
cisco that Mooney was guilty. "Frank
furter expressed that opinion to
members of the Supreme Court,'
July 26rrrjrankfitrter, now chair-
r Labor Policies Board
allegations as false
the slightest founda-
man of the W
furter's den i.
at the "WhitJ
uikiiik me c;i
of the Stat
vernpr Stephens re-
y until December 13th
u1 justices of the Cli-
c Court endorse Frank-
of tha Fickert charge
legation of organized
by Hon. W. Bourke
k Morrison, secretary
isaion tothe Aljied Nations cables! November 18 The Supreme Court
of the Ail, I, I, Federation of Labor
Valentine, president of
national Union, called
House to urge upon
son the necessity of
y out of the jurisdiction
of California as a ne
cessary war measure Ownjug to the
fact that a specially summoned cabi
net meeting Was in progress the pre
sident Mas unable to meet the dele
gation and 1 requested thnt a me
morial on thl subject be sent to him
August JTDefense counsel peti
tion StatJpupreme Court for re
hearing ufZipfleal for new trial.
August JH tHol. W. Bourke Cock
r;m presents memorial on case as
requested fcy President filson.
August 1 1 .' -National Union of
Scottish Mine Workers cablegrams
protest ajgainat ichadtylsA oxecution
of Mooneh and urges oew trial.
August '-'I --California State Supre
me ouk't Monies nrut on lor re
, 7 WW
August! 11 American Socialist
International workers' Defense
League from Rome stating that pro
Germans were using the Mooney case
against America and particularly
President Wilson. Replies were cab
led by Defense League that Tom
Mooney abhorred the idea that Ger
man propaganda should be made of
his case. "My-confidence in the Amer
ican government and the people is
not shaken," stated Mooney in his
August 28 Fickert overwhelm
ingly defeated for the Republican
nomination for governor. His vote
in San Francisco was" 2194 and his
entire vote vas less than Hj, per
cent of the electorate. Judge Griffin
was re-elected with a vote of 66,000.
September 14 Washington asks
data on Fickert's connection with
German consulate and his action in
gjving credentials to convicted dy
namiter, C. C. Crowley, enabling the
latter to dyntmite munitions for the
allies both in the United States and
September 14 Defense counsel file
petition with California btate Hu-
' r m .. . . .1 -. l
preme court lor wru 01 error wnicn
would permit the defense to bring the
case before the United States Su
September 16 British Trades
Union Jubilee Congress cables Wash
ington and the California state au
thorities requesting new trrftl for
Mooney, and appreciating President
Wilson's action in urging Governor
Stephens to grant same.
September 16 California State
Supreme Court denies defense peti
tion for writ of error. Defense an
nounces its intention of bringing the
case before the United States Su
preme Court at tho earliest oppor
trinity. October 26 A review of the case
of Thomas J. Mooney was usked in
a petition filed by counsel for Mooney
with the United States Court. Secre
tary Scharrenberg of ths State 'Fed
eration of Labor forwarded resolu
tion adopted by the convention to the
War Labor Board rflong with vthe
critique of that resolution.
November 10 London Trades
Council appealed to the president of
the United States, as commaridcr in
chief of the nrmod forces of the
United States under the emergency
of war, to safeguard the morale of
the m American people by preventing
the execution of Tom Mooney and
demanded a new and fair trial,
of the United States refusetrifc- re
view the case of Thomas -J. Mooney
Chief Justice White announced the
decision without comment.
November 19 Alameda County
Central Labor Council adopted reso
lutions urging worker3 under its
jurisdiction to call a general strike
on December , 9 in protest against
proposed hanging of M.ooney. Same
action was taken by many central
and departmental councils through
out the United States.
November 21 Judge Franklin A
Griffin wrote open letter to Gov
ernor Stephens requesting the gov
ernor, in the interest of justice, to
grant Mooney new trial. In this let
ter the trial judge analyzed the tes
timony and showed clearly that the
carrying out of the verdict would be
a travesty upon justice and a blot
upon the administration of justice.
November 22 The Densmore re
port, published in the San Francisco
"Call," demonstrating the frame-up
methods of district attorney's office
and the gang in San Francisco. This
report, printed in full, covered many
pages of the San Francisco "CaH':
and created a great sensation.
November 27 A committee of ten
representatives of the San Francisco
Labor Council, under instructions
from that body, with Daniel C. Mur
phy, President State Federation of
Labor, acting a. chairman, appeared
before Governor Stephens in
Sacramento and presented the facts
which have created grave doubt, in
the public mind and the positive
conviction in the minds of men and
women of labor throughout the world
that Mooney djd not receive an hon
est trial. Secretary of Labor Wilson
filed with Governor Stephens a com
plete copy of the Densmore report
November $8 Governor Stephens
commuted Mooney's senteAce to life
November 29 Mooney wrote a
statement to Governor Stephens de
manding that he revokj commutation
of death sentence and giva him ejthet
freedom or dcati. San Franciscc
Labor Council ndopted resolution
condemning the action of Governor
Stephens and pledge .1 its moral and
financial support to obtain new
trials for Mooney and Billings. Tin
same council passrd revdutirn ap
pealing to May." Holph to suspend
District Attorney Fickert end try
him before the Board of Supervisor
on charges of graft mho corruption.
(Continued on page 4)t
long the Soviet
, By PROPAGANDA PETE.
The first delegate congress of the
International Council of Trade and
Industrial Unions will be held in
Moscow May 1st. TLo call has been
sent out to all Left labor elements
of the' world. The International
Council was organized at Moscow
last summer and is now rapidly
forging to the front in the leadership
of the international trade union
The Armenian Soviet Government
has requested the American Near
East rulief organization to continue
its work in that country, promising
cooperation and guaranteeing in
violability of supplies. This organiza
tion is caring for 25,000 orphans
made destitute by the recent hostil
ities in Trans-Caucasia.
The Armenian government has -cancelled
all old treaties with the Turk
sh government and is negotiating s
In the Recent All-Russian Congress
of the Building Trades, satisfactory
reports of work accomplished were
received. The present program of
work outlined consists among other
things of the erection of dwellings
for 100,000. workers in the Donetz
Basin and harbor construction on the
February 15th to . the 22nd was
observed in Russia as Trade Union
week. During this period extensive
publicity was carried on for the pur-
nncft rvf oHnpnfTriCT llo tit Arlfm rr mac.
es in the aims df the Tra'de Unions
and to give a picture of the genq
The government of Latvia has an
nounced that any person circulating
false reports of Soviet Russia's war
like intentions toward Latvia will be
proceeded against in the courts.
Finnish business interests are urg
ing a quick rehabilitation of trade
rwith Soviet " Russia.
Great quantities of tools and im
plements are among recent ship
ments of products , from Swedish
firms to Russia.
The plans for the emigration of
German skilled workers to Russia
during 1921 are almost complete
During the first six months it is
planned to receive 5,000. Of these
1,000 will be taken into the metal
industry, 247 into the Commissariat
for Health ; 445 into agriculture; of
these 110 will be used as agricultural
organizers. Besides there will be re
quired 200 specialists for the organi
zation of economic councils which are
setting up agricultural communes in
the Moscow district. Details of the
emigration are being arranged by the
technical commission in Germany. It
is-their firm intention to accept only
those who are, conscious of their
purpose and are prepared to face all
the work necessary to create a new
The building -of many new cement
factories, some of which are already
in operation js among the propc-scd
reconstruction plans uthe 3T jt
A Petrograd foot-wear factory
specializing in galoshes has increased
its production from 300 to7 800 pairs
daily. A deterrent to further in
creased production is the fuel short
age. Supplies for two years work at
present production are on Jiand. ,
The erection of electric supply
stations is proceeding, in all parts
of Russia as fast as machinery can
be secured. Many villages heretofore
without modern lighting are being
supplied with electric light and
power. Needless to say, this is but one
of the many measures taken which
cements the peasants and the Soviet
government in a tie that cannot be
Recently a Congress of Working
Women of Soviet Russia was held in
Moscow. 3,500 delegates attqfndcd.
The opening address was given by
Anna Rollout hi. Commissar of Social
Welfare. Problems of interest to
women' workers werd discussed.
Recent statements of the U. S
capitalist press to the effect that the
regime of the Soviets was again
"tottering"; of a division between
Lonin and Trotzky and such, may be
put down to the slander account of
this reptile press.
In an attempt to put an end to
the pencil shortago in Russia, a new
factory haB been set up in Taschent
Graphite is supplied from Samar