Newspaper Page Text
nM)rv ry- --
. . Arn &o 131
;XZCXT" T . " " """ """" TOT!!!?. '
NO. 169. - CLEVELAND, OHIO, SA i kD AY, APRIL 30, 1921, PRICE FIVE CENTS.
8s MAY DA By TOM CLARK
May Day is here! Once more the workers of the world
will go out into the streets and demonstrate. Once more
they will assemble in their halls and listen to stirring
words of revolutionary fervor. Once more they will as
sert their international solidarity. Once more they will
make resolves-resolves that may turn into revolutionary
actuality. Once more they- will sing the "Internationale"
millions of woikers in all parts of the world, pledging
their energy, their life and even their death to the
emancipation of the workers.
May Day comes in the midst of revolutionary activity
in several countries of Europe. The workers have been
ground down, beaten and crushed, so tha. there is only
one way for them to rise from the degradation and
slavery into which they have been plunged: by REVO
LUTION! They had been promised many things: they
had been given the "democracy" that millions of their
fellow-workers had died for and all they got was
CHAINS, HUNGER AND MISERY!
Europe is in the midst of turmoil. In Rumania, the
workers are being driven from pillar to post. The unions
have been disrupted, the radicals and revolutionists
jailed. The Avorkers are being persecuted, wen if, they
dare to strike. In Hungary, the white terror reigns
supreme. The slaughter of Communists and radicals h
the pride of the Horthy regime, that boasts of its fero
city. The Horthy regime is recognized by. the Allies, who
maintain the corrupt government of Hungary as a bar
rier against the gpread of revolutionary ideas from the
East, from Soviet Russia. That the Allies, however, dare
to talk of "brutality" on the part of the Russian Com
munist Government, while it recognizes and supports
the White terroristic government of Hungary, reveals
the endless hypocrisy of whcih they are capable.
It1- Poland, even the peasants have rebelled. The con
clusion of the war between Poland and Russia was a dire
necessity for Poland. Poland was on the very verge of
ruination. The war, the ravaging of the country, the
overwhelming debt, the dissatisfaction of the people, the
overbearing attitude of the bourgeoisie, and, above all,
the treachery of the sham-socialist government, Pilaiid
ski and Daszinski at their head, who acted as the lack
eys and tools of the Allies, and especially of France, in
jng the nefarious war against the wofkew and
Sealants of Russia all this combined to bring Poland
to the brink of revolution, from which the government
extricated itself only by peace with Soviet Russia. This
peace was dictated by the inability of the Polish gov
ernment to continue the war and by the unwillingness
mil"11 i i i i i sass m i -mmmssmi--r-?f" , -
, mmw mmummm Brta n , , j- : i tu il
Siaft&ffiSf -I.'- -' '
LESSONS FOR WORKERS!
of the Allies to continue supporting a losing cause. For
the workers in France and Great Britain were being
aroused to the dastardliness of the Allied venture in
Russia and were threatening their capitalist 'govern
ments. The economic situation of Poland ia aaa of
tution. The workers 'are- utterly impoverished, the fac-'
lories are closed.
The workers of Austria are debilitated. Crushed by
the war, their stamina broken, poverty reducing them to
a stage of practical non-resistance to any attacks cf the
bourgeoisie, the workers are too weak to raise them
selves from the lethargy into which they have fallen.
Industry is practically at a standstill, the suffering is
ute. The people are living, to a considerable extent, on
e "'charity" of the Allies. But it. is iust.thia "charity"
Is tapping the life of tnV Austrian proletariat.
Italy is in the midst of raging civil war. The Italian
proletariat has reached a stage of desperation to which
the bloody struggle is preferable. Battles between the
Communists and workers with the Fascisti, the cowardly
white guards of the country, are daily events. Hesitat
ing at nothing, secretly and openly assisted by the
Italian government, which is reserving its last strength
for the final struggle with the outraged workers, the
Fascisti are carrying on a campaign and struggle that
soon will result in one organized fight between the
workers on one side and the government and bourgeoisie
on the other. The split in the Socialist party, which re
sulted in the formation of a determined Communist
Party, has imparted more bitterness to the fight. The
yellow Socialists and trade unionists are lying low. The
"unified" Socialists under the leadership of the timid
and short-sighted Serrati, perfer the stand of the fel
lows to that of the Communists. Despite their stand, the
Fascisti are burning down headquarters indiscriminately.
Anarchists, Communists, Socialists, laborites, unionists
the Fascisti, assisted by the scum of the city (jail
birds, vagabonds and hoodlums of every description) are
trying to break up the organizations, using the weapon
that the capitalist class and the government inevitably
will use against the workers' arms. The election campaign
in Italy is marked by bloody encounters. This is a repeti
tion of the occurrences in Russia between March and
Nov. 1917. Widespread terror is being exercised by the
white guards ; the election in all probability will result
in an overwhelming victory for the nationalist candid
ates. The defeated Socialists will be obliged to join the
Communists in the final fight against the government.
The revolutionary workers led by the Communists will
overturn the Italian government and institute a Soviet
government of the Workers and Peasants. The training
of the war has capacitated them for the erection of the
Workers' Dictatorship. The continual warfare between
the workers and the Fascisti is steeling the workers for
the coming fight.
Germany, the country of many treacheries and many
woesthe land of many hopes and many disappointments
is in the midst of latent civil war. The accumulation
of wealth has proceeded in Germany at a rate unpreced
ented either in German or Allied history. A small group
of bankers and magnates has asmassed the most, pros
perous industries of the country. Not content with their
booty, they have reached out to Austria, have invest
ments in Frjn.t; a.d have made offers to Russia. The
1918 revolution in SefmiinT wta the" purest Kawi as lar
as the workers were concerned. Although they nver
v,rp; tbft Junkers, the only reward that they received
for their act was the dominion of the bourgeoisie, which
(Continued on page 3.)
HAYWOOD ON REVOLU
Command of Communist International Takes Class
Fighter to Moscow on Eve of Prison Term.
In the matter of the departure for
Soviet Russia of William D. Hay
wood, the Pan-American Agency of
the Communist International makes
the following statement under
the signature of its Secretary, Char
les Edward ScoH.
"Comrade Haywood did not leave
the United States of his own ac
cord, but at the direct command of
the Communist International, of
which he is a disciplined member
and whose authority he recognizes
aa the highest in the world. He will
be present at the Third Congress of
the Communist International on June
lBt. He will also attend the First
International Congress of Trade and
Industrial Unions on July 1st, at
Moscow, as one of the true leaders
and spokesmen of the militant work
ers of America. His advice and as
sistance are requited by the Com
munist International and it was his
revolutionary duty to obey its sum
mons to go to Moscow instead of
to prison, where too many of our
best men are already buried ailive.
The Communist International de
nounces in tho strongest terms those
lawyers and "liberals" who criticise
this soldier of the revolution for
"breaking faith" with the capitalist
courts; who wnrrv more about one
man who escapes than about the
score who go to prison. We trust
that no member of the L W. W. will
share this- silly bourgeois prejudice.
Comrade Haywood is no coward. The
scars on his body give the lie to his
Carl Iiebknecht was called a
coward by the German capitalist
during the weeks that ho was in
hiding before they murdered him.
Lenin, too, was accused of cowardice
when he remained in hiding after
the uprising in Petrograd In July,
1917 -not answering the taunts of
Kerensky, but working night and day
for the overthrow of the Kerensky
So, also, will William D. Haywood
work aa a trusted advisor of the
General Staff of the World Revolu
tion and subject to its command. He
will continue to aid in the destruc
tion of the barbarous capitalist dic
tatorship which enslaves the work
ers and holds their best men in
prison. In the place of the dictator
ship of the Gary's, he will work to
bring about the dictatorship of the
workers, that will smash open all
tho prison doors and release the
working-class prisoners, and jail the
jailers of today.
Comrade Haywood did not desert
his fellow-workers as he is falsely
accused by the capitalists and their
hirelings and apologists. Comrade
Haywood went to Soviet Russia on
revolutionary duties, openly and un
disguised. Openly and undisguised he
will return to America; but the time
and manner of his coming will be
determined by the requirements of
the revolutionary class struggle and
not by the decrees of capitalist
To the members of the I. W. W.
and tho other true defenders of the
cause of labor, who suffer today in
the prison hells of America, the
Communist International sends its
most affectionate greetings and its
solemn pledge to strive by every
means to rouse the toiling masses
to action in their behalf. Fellow
workers, do not be deluded into the
childish belief that the ruVing class
will listen to appeals for clemency.
Put no faith in petitions those
"scraps of paper" which our op
pressors only laugh at and throw
into the waste basket. Revolutionary
mass action of the workers is our
weapon. Revolutionary mass action
is the way to force open the prison
dors. Revolutionary mass action is
tho way to smash the capitalist sys
tem and free the working class.
Pan-American Agency of the
Charles Edward Scott,
April 21, 1921.
Some time between darkness and
dawn of last Friday night federal
agents or police entered "The Toiler"
office by the approved housebreak
ers' method of jimmying a window.
Whether the art was an old one
learned previous to the agents' enter
ing the service of the government,
and revived for ocassions when the
State turns thief is only a guess,
but the method is the same.
To any who subscribed to the il
lusion that the Millineum had ar
rived with the installation of Re
publican officials in office, we would
announce that if the gang has
changed the methods so heartily and
effectively introduced by A. Mit
chell Palmer in getting "evidence'
on so-called "Reds", is still in force
and apparently working "overtime".
A toilet window provided the
means of ingress for the worthies
of our perfectly respectable and
laudable State. The State has great
respect for and affords absolute pro
tection to private property. Witness
several articles of house keeping
thrown from the toilet room into the
court and the rear door unlocked
for the entry of any brother-thieves
who might be prowling about. If
you are in the business of house
breaking we suggest that you con
nect with the government agents
and the police they will obligingly
take all the risk of breaking in and
leave you only the nominal danger
of doing the sacking.
That the office had received a
thorough going over in an apparent
search for some specific articles was
evident at a glance when it was
opened on Saturday morning. Desk
drawers stood ajar and the only
one which is ever locked had been
opened by the same artful method
as was used in entering.
As to what invaders expected to
find, your guess is as good as ours.
Severn! searches of the office made
during the reign of Mitchell Pal
mer resulted in naught of value for
the searchers. If the new regime has
found any "incriminating evidence"
in our absence, we congratulate
Our guess is that the 1st of May
is approaching and our guardians
suspicioned that a revolution was
tucked away somewhere in one of
oar desk .
"Revloutrion" is heard at all labor
meetings here (Kansas City, Mo.)
even at the Central Labor Union,
Sunday April 10th, a conservative,
bald-headed delegate, who was in
clined to wait fpr official action
from the A. F. of L., as to whether
the United States should condescend
to accept Russian ; gold in exchange
for needed commodities, asserted:
"I tell you what, if conditions
don't change there's gain' to bo a re
volution, we had ono onc't and the
common people won.". . . ,
Not a hiss, cat-call, or "Sit down
you Brush shiski," greeted this out
In fact many "con" Labor Repre
sentatives present, smiled indulgent
"Revolution, I tell you is coming;
people I tell you are starving. Since
the first of the year, 50 reduction
in working force, nil crafts have oc-
cured in the Kansas Olty Terminal,
Railroad Co., that is the union de
pot where eight railroads load and
Many of his bro'.her workers heard
him say this.
They all nodded approval.
They all carry a card, in a union
affiliated with the A. F. of L.
"Revolution is coming if the bosses
keep on acting as they are and have
been," sadd a car-shop employee of
"Our regular force of 170 men has
been reduced to 95 and every pay
day, a few more are laid off."
Not any of his dear brothers pro
posed painting him yellow.
"Revolution is coming, nothing in
nl. ...1J ill U Tk. mil.
VJUUO WU11U Will OVUf lb. Alio
road officials made a contract, i
sncred contract, now they tell us to
go to H Two-thirds of the force
where I work that's the Missouri
Pacific have been laid off, tho
mechanical department is closed down
and now a notice has been posted,
for reduction in Wages May 1st, and
the same notice asks, that union of
finals, meet in conference with rail
pad officials at St. Louis, April
21st, to dscidc tho amount."
The Common Laborers, were having
a meeting is the Labor Temple, they
are the largest unfyO in Kansas City,
A wave of normalcy has stricken
the coal miners of Alabama. Thou-
ands of miners and their families,
estimated at 40,000 persons are on
the verge of starvation and actual'y
destitute of the most meagre means
of sustenance as a result of the
nation's return to that halcyon con
dition for which the last na1 r.nal
political campaign which placed
Warren Gamaliel Harding in the
President's chair, was waged.
Relief organizations thruout the
south are rus'.ing p!ans to aid the
thousands of men, women and child
ren who are destitute following an
Brigadier Simon3on, commander of
the "Dixie division" of the Salva
tion Army, estimated that 18,000
persons are facing starvation and
that several thousand of these are
already "absolutely destitute,"
According to operators, lack of de
mand for coal makes it impossible
for them to provide work for the
miners, who struck several months
ago, but called off their strike Feb.
An arbitration settlement of the
issues went against the miners on
Defeated in the strike, their union
food and clothing rations discontin
ued, and re-employment denied them,
most of the miners and their families
arc living in tent colonies, having
been turned out of company-owned
NAL LABOR DAY.
By J. PRICE.
tho halls, stairway and first landing
was jammed, with a seething mass
of discontented workors, representing
many races of mankind and many
"Revolution is coman' if the bosses
don't deal with the unions, I tell
G D It, hain't they got sense
enuf to know, we go', to eat and
hungry men are dangerous?" and
this disgusted worker, squirtan a
mouthful of tobacco juice with uner
ring aim, at a cuspidor, as he re
ceived grunts of approval from his
Such as the above dire prophesies
can be heard any night, one moves
smong the worker the various
union meetings here.
Some thirty-five years ago, in
1886, the American Federation of
Labor declared May First the day
on which the workers of America
were to demonstrate for an 8-hour
The first congress of the now
deceased Second International, held
in 1889, made one step forward by
declaring May First an Intetnationol
Labor Day, on which workers all
over the world were to agitate,
peacefully, for the 8-hour day as
well as for international peace.
Since them the idea of "May Day"
has grown more and more popular
among the workers of the world and
has become a permanent, well es
tablished institution. At the same
time it has grown more and more
revolutionary in character.
From year to year the workers
of even the most reactionary and
backward countries of the world
have laid down their tools to de
monstrate their power, to openly de
clare their demands and to raise the
banner of international solidarity of
And from its very start, this inter
national Labor Day, the only real
proletarian holiday, met with the
bitterest hatred and fear on the
part of world Capital.
Every year, in every country of
the globe the police, tho army, the
"Legions" and "Security Leagues'
as well as all other tools of suppres
sion, mobilize their forces to kill
the attempt ot the workers to de
monstrate their power and interna
tional solidarity on May First.
Every year hundreds of workors
are thrown out of the factories, im
prisoned and murdered for their de
termination to demonstrate on May
Dsy their protest against exploita
tion and reaction.
But no power in the world can
stop the workers from eclebratinir
their only holiday. The proletarian
blood shed on that day each year
only helps to Intensify the red color
of that International Labor Day; it
only helps to expose the true nature
of tl rotten capitalist system and
the capitalist State; it only helps to
strengthen the determination of
Labor to free itself from the clu
tches of the present system of ex
ploitation and oppression.
The. May Day slogan now, is no
more "the 8-hour day," but "com
plete abolition of the capitalist sys
tem" and "all power to the work
ers." The workers of America this year
must join hands with their brothers
of all other countries and together
with them inscribe on their banners
the slogans of world proletarian re
Order Which Bars U.
S. Emigrants From
Russia is Confirmed.
Confirmation of the recent order
of the Soviet Government closing
the Russian borders to immigrants
from the United States was received
by Charles Recht, legal represent
ative in New York of tho Russian
Soviet Republic, in a cable from
Reval signed by Gregory Wcinstein,
formerly secretary to Ludwig C. A.
K. Martens in this country, and
made public by Recht here yester
The cable is as follows:
You are instructed to inform peo
ple desiring to go to Russia that
in view of the sbsence of a represen
tative of Soviet Russia in America
no imntgration to Russia will be
permitted. Publish a warning that
vises of consulates of border states
are not sufficient for entering Rus
sia. All persons securing such vises,
and stsrting out on the strength of
them, will not be admitted to Russia.