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fThfl JMctatorship of the Proletariat is the
LI QRff ri advance-guard of the op
pressed as the ruling class, for the purpose
of CRUSHING the oppressors." Lenin.
MILLION R. R. WORKERS
FACE WAGE CUT.
MORE PROFITS FOR OWNERS
DEMAND LESS BREAD
July 1 will mark the day when
1,000,000 unskilled railroad workers
will go to work at decreased wages
by an order issued last week from
Chicago by the Railroad Wage
Board. The proposed wage cut was
made public last week when the
Board set June 1 as the date when
the amount of the wage cut would
be announced and July 1 as the first
day of its effectiveness.
The wage cut constitutes the sec
ond storming of the defenses of the
workers by the Labor Board, the first
being the abrogation of the National
Agreements some weeks ago. The
idea that labor is entitled to all it
can get for the commodity it sells
its power to labor, finds no justi
fication in the text of the Board's
announcement wherein it declares:
"prevailing conditions justify to
some extent, yet to be determined, a
readjustment downward of the wages
of the employes of the carriers." To
the thousands of section men, con
struction workers, cheaply paid clerks
and other elements of lower paid
railroad workers, it will come as a
surprise that living conditions have
grown so cheap as to justify a wage
cut. It is the opinion of railway of
ficials that the reduction of wages
of unskilled workers will be im
mediately followed by a correspond
ing cut of the skilled workers which
will being the total up to 2,000,000.
Hearings on proposals of the roads
to cut wages of skilled me will be
heard June 6.
The wage cut brings joy to the
camp of the railroad officials who
disclosed their elation with such ex
pressions as "the statement is en
couraging but the benefits we will
get from it will depend on the re
duction that is made." Evidently the
rail owners prefer to get all .they
can while the getting is goad.
AFTERMATH OF WILSON RE
GIME STANDS IN WAY
By PAUL HANNA
(Fed. Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington. An ultimatum to
Russia has been issued through the
newspapers by the State Department.
It is that the United States will
never recognize the Soviet govern
ment unless all American prisoners
are first set free 'In Russia.
Secretary Hughes does not say
that Russia will surely be recognized
after the prisoners are freed. Russia
must take her chances on that;
America's dignified attitude is that
all the alleged spies and counter
revolutionists sent into Russia by
the Wilson administration must be
turned loose as a condition prior
to "friendship" between the two
The State Department makes no
mention of Russian citizens held in
the prisons of the United States. It
does not promise that they, also,
will be set free if Russia sets the
American prisoners free.
As reported in the Washington
press, "The number of Americans
now prisoners in Russia is estimated
to be from 20 to 35. Reports to
the State Department indicate that
the condition of these Americans i3
distressing, that they have insuf
ficient food, are (improperly closed
and are subjected to other priva
tions." As for the privations suffered by
the American prisoners, everyone in
Russia suffers from privations,
thanks to the American blockade
and other causes. The State Depart
ment has been frequently and re
liably informed that the American
W If 1WZ$ 1BI f
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H Hfli H ssu 31 H B B
CLEVELAND, OHIO, MlRDAY, MAY 28, 1921.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
prisoners are not confined in narrow
The .P.erwiawve power f 01am,vUm. are
way officials over the Labor Board
appears to be complete. AH nego
tiations of the roads and the men
before it in disputes have resulted
so far in losses to the workers, while
only on minor matters such as the
desire some weeks ago of the roads
to cut wages without sanction of
the Board was disanroved. The Board
now proposes to do the cutting it
self. Certainly rits action will have
a weight of authority not contained
in a like action by the roads them
selves. Railroad officials have ex
pressed themselves as "pleased"
with the course of events.
The serfs of the railway exploiters
are to be classified by the Board into
17 major categories and these again
divided into 119 groups which are
in turn to be classed in distinctive
grades. This, the Boaid states, is for"
the purpose of so grouping positions
that wage and other data reported
by the railroads to the interstate
commerce commission and the Board
may be used for administrative and
public purposes, and will not erect
any jurisdictional lines, occupational
In Washington too.
While the Labor Board is hard
at work in Chicago finding "justifi
cation" for wage cuts of the workers
on the railroads, the owners of the
roads' thru the offioials are fully
as hard at work in Washington be
fore the senate interstate commerce
committee investigating the trans
portation situation. For two weeks
the officials have been telling their
hard luck stories, seeking a raise in
rates and "more rope" and other
incidentals to the successful pocket
ing of more millions of profits.
The Southern Pacific could not
wait until wages came down and
reduced expenses but filed an ap
plication for an increase in freight
rates. Julius Krutfychnitt, chairman
of the board of tle S. P. testified
that that road must have a billion
dollars a year either in increased
freight rates or decrease in wages
in order to operate the road "prop
erly". Kruttschnitt is long dn his
howl for decreased wages as are all
the other officials who have testi
fied before the committee. Lower
freight rates, say the officials will
not stimulate traffic. The solution
of the railroad situation according to
the officials, is to employ an army
of underpaid serfs devoid of economic
power and establish as high rates as
they can squeeze from the interstate
commerce commission - a. in the in
tereat of the "public".
The attitude of the train service
employes toward the reductions is
to be determined at a conference of
private dwelling! and frequently al
lowed to travel about the city streets
in the day time.
This newspaper ultimatum is an
other indication of the State De
partment's increasing nervousness
concerning Russia. Events of the
past few months have shown that
Russia can get along very well with
out American recognition. It has won
the formal de facto recognition of
Great Britain and is right now im
porting a considerable quantity of
American merchandise through the
countries with which it has con-'
eluded trade treaties. Secretary
Hughes lis left holding the empty
bag of the last administration's
hatred of Russia.
The history of all hitherto existing society is
history of class struggles.
Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord
serf, guilmaster and journeyman, in a word, oppri
and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one
other, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now o
fight, a fight that each time ended, either in a revol
tionary re-constitution of society at large, or in
common ruin of the contending classes.
In the earlier epochs of history, we find almi
everywhere a complicated arrangement of society it
various orders, a manifold graduation of social n
In ancient Rome we have patricians, knights, plebell
slaves; in the middle ages, feudal lords, vassals, gui
masters, journeymen, apprentices, serfs .
The modern bourgeois society that has sprouted ft
the ruins of feudal society, has not done away wj
class antagonisms. It has but established new
new conditio a owrsesion, tew forms of
Our epoch, the epoch of the bourgeoisie, possesses,
however, this distinctive feature; it has simplified the
class antagonisms. Society as a whole is more and more
splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two
great classes directly facing each other: Bourgeoisie
and Proletariat .
Of all the classes that stand face to face with the
bourgeoisie today, the proletariat alone is a really re
volutionary class. The other classes decay and finally
disappear in the face of modern industry; the prole
tariat is its special and essential products .
All previous historical movements were movements
of minorities, or in the interest of minorities. The pro
letarian movement is the self-conscious, independent
movement of the immense majority, in the interest of
the immense majority. The proletariat, the lowest
stratum of our present society, cannot stir, cannot raise
itself up, without the whole superincumbent strata of
official society being sprung into the air .
in Moscow for Inter
Arrangements for the holding of
the Third Congress of the Commun
ist International are being completed
in Moscow as the opening day (June
Delegates from all countries of
the world, East and West, North and
South, of all races and colors of men
are arriving and being assigned
their quarters as guests of the first
Workers' Republic and the Commun
ist International, the revolutionary
political party of the world's prole
tariat. Moscow presents a gala appearance
as under the guidance of an artistic
section of the Communist Party of
Russia, and the inspiration of the
ideal of Communism, banners and
arches of welcome are erected in
honor of the Congress, of victory of
Communism in Russia and the strug
gle of the workers of the world for
For the organization of the Con
gress, the preparations for receiving
and entertaining the guests a special
commission consisting of members
of the Communist International, the
trade unions, the Moscow Soviet,
V mid t):ii rAmmiaaortAf t ry V, nt intt
has been formed.
In all, four congresses all per
taining to the struggle of the work-
Hitherto, every form of society has been based, as we
have already seen, on the antagonism of oppressing
and oppressed classes. But in order to oppress a class,
certain conditions must be assured to it under which '
it can, at least, continue its slavish existence. The serf,
in the period of serfdom, raised himself to membership
in the commune, just as the petty bourgeois, under the
yoke of feudal absolutism, managed to develop into a ers for power over capitalism are
bourgeois. The modern laborer, on the contrary, in
stead of rising with the progress of industry, sinks
deeper and deeper below the conditions of existence of
his own class. He becomes a pauper, and pauperism
develops more rapidly than population and wealth. And
here it becomes evident, that the bourgeoisie is unfit
any longer to be the ruling class in society, and to im
pose its conditions of existence upon society as an over-
'Ming law. It is unfit to rule, because it is incompetent
4cijfeute,aa Mistea tc- its stare. tMidhiMW
.... ... ... . . i I u 1
pecause u cannot neip leuing mm sum mio much a bibic
that it has to feed him, instead of being fed by him.
Society can no longer live under this bourgeoisie, in
other words, its existence is no longer compatible with
The essential condition for the existence, and for the
sway of the bourgeois class, is the formation and aug
mentation of capital; the condition for capital is wage
labor. Wage-labor rests exclusively on competition be
tween the laborers. The advance of industry, whose in
voluntary promoter is the bourgeoisie, replaces the iso
lation of the laborers, due to competition, by their in
voluntary combination, due to association. The develop
ment of Modern Industry, therefore, cuts from under
its feet the very foundation on which the bourgeoisie
produces and appropriates products. What the bour
geoisie therefore produces, above all, are its own grave
diggers. Its fall and the victory of the proletariat are
equally inevitable. Marx and Engels.
scheduled to be held in Russia this
June 3 the Third Congress will be
called to order by G. Zinovieff, Pre
sident o the Executive Committee
of the Communist International.
This congress will be followed by
that of the Red Trade Union Inter
national, the Young Communist Far-
STATE ARMS AGAINST
MINERS IN W. VA.
BOSSES USE STATE POWER
TO FIGHT UNION MINERS.
The tool of the mine barons, the
governor of West Virginia, declared
martial law in the Mingo-co coal
fields on May 20. After a week of
quietute on the scene of hostilities,
the weapon of the mine owners waa
brought into play against the strik
ers who have resorted to arms as a
means of defense against the coal
Paralling the declaration of mar
tial law in the coal region by Gov
ernor E. F. Morgan on May 20, is
a call issue by Charles F. Keeney,
president of District 17, United
Mine Workers of America, to the
non-union miners to strike in solidar
ity with the union miners now out
in the "strike-lockout" which has
been in force for one year. Embodied
in the strike call were promises of
union benefits to those walling to
cease their support of the mine
barons and join the workers.
The Governor's declaration cites
various disorders, riots, shooting
and blood sheed committed by "large
bodies of armed men" as the reasons
for the establishment of martial law
and declares the county authorities
are unable to "put down or control
Quiet precedes Governor's Step.
A week of quietude preceded the,
Governor's declaration of martial law
in the disturbed region where miners
have been out for an entire year in
an effort to establish the principle
of unionism in the Mingo-co mines.
No concerted renewal of hostilities
from either the strikers or the
strike breakers, gunmen and deputies
have been reported but the main
tenance of an armed -state prevails
and an occasional shot rings out from
some covert on the mountain side.
The miners are showing no weaken
ing in their determination to stick
together to whatever end awaits
them in their long and suffering
campaio to establish toe rirtt to
This so-called civilization makes
cowards of us all,
Horrid leering faces, tiny little souls,
Pettiness, rudness, and the crude-
ness of it all!
Men fallen from their high estate,
greedy, graveyard ghouls.
Thank heaven for communistic minds
(Pure, divine redeemers of the race)
That drive away the ignorance that
Making the earth at last a decent
Edward J. Ervine.
au' " ?of Wfci aw ttsvMVWas
By GEORGE RESTA.
With the Communist party driven
"underground", the I. W. W. leaders
in jail, and the .Socialists ousted
from the Assembly, the capitalist
class is now hammering at the A.
F. of L. The first trenches of this
last stronghold of labor have already
been taken; wages are being reduced
and hours lengthened. Without slack
ening pace, the enemy is already
starting the last stage of its long
offensive. The objective of this final
drive is nothing less than the break
up of the trade unions and complete
victory for the capitalist class.
Big Business means to succeed. A
fundamental right co-existent with
the trade union movement, the right
to picket, is already in the hands
of the executioners. Injunctions are
being freely issued to prohibit picket
ing, regarding whether violence ia
used or not. In fact, two New York
State Supreme Court Judges have
juat recklessly denied that the right
to picket ever existed. In the words
of Supreme Court Justice Van Siclen
of New York: "There ia no such
thing aa legal picketing. If it ia law
ful, it ia no use to the union. The
purpose of picketing is interference,
one way or another, to the injury of
Van Siclen's formula ia not based
oi law, which clearly defines "peace
ful picketing", nor on losric. One
could juft aa well say: "There is no
such thii g as legal selling. If it' ia
lawful it s no use to the merchant.
The purpoie of selling ia to extort
profit, one way or another, to the in-
000 general chairman of the "big
four" brotherhoods and the awitch
mens' union of North America to
be held at Chicago on July 1.
jury of somebody." But Van Siclen's
opinion has a great deaf to do with
the impotence of labor at this mo
ment. The ruling capitalist class is
merely enlisting all ita forces in its
massed assault on the workers.
The workers are face to face with
a powerful, shrewd and ruthless
enemy. Unlike the leaders of the A.
F. of L., Big Business fully under
stands the character of the struggle
between capital and labor. The mas
ter class knows that its local succes
ses in regard to hours and wages,
can at any moment be reversed by the
workers so long as organized labor
is not completely destroyed. In start
ing their offensive against labor,
which began with the suppression of
the Communist Party in January,
1B20, the capitalist claaa never had
any intentions of stopping at its
initial successes, but was mentally
and physically prepared to push the
organizations of the working claaa as
far back as it could, even to their
complete subjection and destruction.
It is not unknown to Bib Business
that the struggle between capital and
labor is war. And war cannot be
won by hah measures.
Therein lies the incompetence or
treachery of the leadership of the
A. F. of L. They prefer to believe
that war can be won by denying
its existence, or with rose-water.
They think they can lead the working-class
to victory by doing nothing
more than grab a few extra dollars
in wages from the bosses or lobby
an empty law from the politicians.
Stupidity. Victory can be gained on
ly by a crushing attack at the heart
of the enemy. Germany for four
years Mixed bills, provinces and even
countries from her foes. A mass of
local "triumphs"! But victory went
to the Allies who struck the death
blow. Contrast the timidity of labor with
the ruthlessness of capital. During
the period of the war and of the
armistice, the working class had the
upper hand. They naturally took the
offensive. They broke through the
outer fortifications of Big Business,
and gained more wages, less hours
and better conditions. But instead of
proceeding onward 'and solidifying
these successes, their leaders called
a halt in the enemy's first trenches.
While Gompers was assuring the
workers that they had won a great
victory, the enemy reorganized its
forces, has retaken its own positions,
and is now battering at the final
stronghold of labor.
When labor started its initial of
fensive for better working condi
tions, it should have been mentally
and physically prepared, after attain
ing its immediate objective, to ad
vance further, even to the complete
annihilation of capitalist rule. Then,
and only then, would victory have
been assured, with no comeback.
The capitalist class is employing
these tactics. The workers muat do
likewise or succumb. They must rid
themselves of their reactionary and
cowardly leadership. They muat ac
cept leaders who have the will and
knowledge to conduct an unlimited
offensive against the master class.
They must accept these men whether
they are Bolsheviks, Communists, or
whet not. Only then will the rights
of labor be recoajniied for good. The
reactionaries have failed! Give the
"Reds" a chance! s
The W. 1. 1. U. and the International Coun
cil of Trade and Industrial Unions.
By M. H. ROGERS.
The report of the W. I. I. U. to
the July 1st congress of the Inter
notional Council of Trade and In
dustrial Unions which appeared in
their weekly official organ "The In
dustrial News", of April 30 offors
the most palpable exhibition of op
portunism and a complete abandon
ment of revolutionary principles.
That the W. L t U. should echo
the discarded principles of the ob
solete Second International and re
incarnate Kautskyism in their re
port is startling.
Yet these opportunists have the
temerity to demand recognition of
their organization by asserting
"that upon giving careful considera
tion to our principles and tactics
we feel that the congress will bo
convinced that the W. I. I. U. is
entitled to admission and recognition
by the congress as the clearest and
best expression of revolutionary so
cialist industrial unionism of the
North American Continent."
The preamble of their organization
is quoted in full and De Leon's com
ments on the preamble are also
quoted at length in order to prove
to the conaress the infalibiiity of
their organization and its tactics.
After extoling the wisdom of De
Leon aa "one of the greatest ex
ponders of socialism since Marx,"
the report again reiterates, "the W.
I. I. U. of the United States main
tains that its tactics are peculiarly
adopted to the advanced capitalist
conditions prevailing on the North
The report becomes very emphatic
and vehemently attacks the "Anar.
co-Syndicalist, I. W. W." Nearly one
third of the report is taken up dn
citing the alleged commiaiona of sins
and crimes of the I. W. W.
Petty incidents of no significance,
things which are long forgotten and
passed into oblivion, are recalled.
Documentary proof lis presented in
order to prove that the I. W. W. is
counter-revolutionary; that the I. W.
W. approved of the operation of
Kolchak, Denikin, and Wrangel
against the Soviets.
The 0.B. U. and other L W. W.
papers are quoted in order to sub-
stantuate these charges against the
I. W. W. Though the report admits
that John Sandgren, editor of the O.
B. U. Monthly, "the original proto
type of the Anarco-Syndicaliat I. W.
W. was removed because of the pro
test of thia piece of work the boy
cott of the "O. B. U. Monthly" kill
ed that paper and also buried Sand
gren in the debris."
The long cherished rancor and de
rision against everybody who is not
of their kind constitutes a part of
the W. I. I. U. creed. The report
reveals its flunkeyism and oppor
tunism when it deals with the ad
vocacy of the Proletarian Dictatorship.
"The W. I. I. U.,' continues the
report, "can agree with all the re
quirements outlined in the Manifesto
and Declaration of Principles calling
for the organization of the Interna
tional Council of Trade and Indus
trial Uniona, except point (G). All
the rest of the manifesto reads as
the program of tactlca followed for
the last IK years by the W. I. I. U."
the Armed power of the State, they
have fought on year after year for
'the simple right accorded human
beings any where else in the world
the right to organize into unions for
protection against the exploiters.
More than once the struggle has
reached the stage which now pre
vails that of arms against arms.
Business Men Arm.
Tho President Harding has as yet
refused to send in federal troops, the
declaration of martial law by the
state is fulfilling the same end.
Captain Brockus, commanding the
state police has distributed several
hundred rifles and pistols to business
and professional men in Williamson
and other W. Virginia towns who
have been sworn in as special of
ficers. West Virginia has no na
tional guard but a body of about 100
men constitute a Department of
Public Safety which has now been
augmented by the swearing in of
hundreds of citizens exclusive of
miners and union men.
An attempt to gain the support of
the A. F. of L. to secure a govern
ment investigation of the Mingo
situation was made last week when
conferences took place at Washing
ton between President Gompers,
Frank Morrison of the A. F. of L.
and Fred Mooney, secretary and
treasurer of the U. M. W. of A. and
its attorney, Harold W. Houston of
Charleston. Conciliators of the de
partment of labor were also inter
viewed with a view to federal media
tion between the miners and coal
Point (G) however, deala with the
advocacy of the Dictatorahip of the
Proletariat, and the hackneyed liber
als of the W. I. I. U. cant digeat it.
Read the shallow and clumsy ar
guments advanced by the renegade
leaders of the W. I. I. U. I will
quote these Kautskyian sophistries
"We can apply no better argument
against this section (G) than to
produce the following lines of the
Declaration of Principles of the W.
I. I U. They cover the tactical re
quirements in America for our move.
The first paragraph of the pre.
amble is quoted. And the report con
tinues "This language is plain and
to the point. It ia in conformity
with American institutiona, history
and traditions. It is the outgrowth
of our experience in the American
Labor Movement. To adopt the Die
tatorship formula would men that
we abandon our present declaration
(Continued on page 2.) 1