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Help Russsia To-day !
CLEVELAND, P., SATUljlAv. AUGUST 20, 1921
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
FRIENDS OF SOVIET
UNIONS AND OTHER WORKING-CLASS ORGANIZATIONS
UNITED TO RELIEVE FAMINE IN RUSSIA.
New York, Aug. 9. A conference
took place here tonight, under the
chairmanship of Dr. J. W. Hartman,
editor of Soviet Russia, to consolidate
the efforts being made by various or
ganizations in relief work for Soviet
The conference was called at the
special instance of a provisional com
mittee, representing the American
Labor Alliance, Friends of Soviet
Russia, Society of Technical Aid for
Russia, and the Medical Relief Com
mittee for Soviet Russia.
Caleb Harrison of the American
Labor Alliance, opened the conference
and stated its purpose.
"We propose to do all we can in
such a manner that we won't have
to depend upon Herbert Hoover and
such agencies for helping the famine
victims of Soviet Russia. Funds col
lected by this organization will not
be turned over to so-called humani
"We recognize Hoover and similar
the Executive Committee went into
session and elected Caleb Harrison,
chairman, Allen S. Broms, secretary,
and Dr. J. W. Hartmann, treasurer.
The Executive Committee is issuing
a call to workers in all parts of the
country to organize branches of the
Friends of Soviet Russia and affiliate
with the national organization. It in
vites working-class organizations of
all kinds to co-operate with it in the
relief work. All funds and contribu
tions should be sent to the National
Headquarters at 201 West 13th St.,
New York City.
Lords Propose Relief.
London, Aug. 11. The Russian
famine was discussed in the House of
Several members advocated the sys
tem employed in India in coping
with similar visitations, namely, the
establishment of large famine camps
on the great lines of migration, where
agencies of relief as counter-revolu-, the Deopie couid be retained until the
tionary. We are the class brothers of jreturn of normal conditions permit
our struggling brother workers of j ted their restoration to their native
Russia, and we propose by our relief I vniages where means could be adopt
work not only to stem the tide of j ed in the meantime to preserve the
hunger, but also to save the Russian i frameWork of village life.
ti i.-a: J 1 1 . . i . i '
nevaiuuon irom me auacxs oi tne
the purpose of relief.
Lord MacDonnell thought that the
Government oueht to make a grant
American Aid Only An Imperialistic: of from 30,000,000 to 50,000,000 for
Dr. Hartman pointed out that Hoover
had laid down various imperialistic
terms as the conditions upon which
aid would be given. He referred to the
article entitled "Overthrowing a Red
Rgime" which appeared in the June
issue of World's Work, written by
T. T. C. Gregory, one of Hoover's
LABOR INCENSED AT LEGION.
Reading, Pa. The Federated Trades
and Labor Council of this city has
just called upon President Harding
"to administer such a stinging rebuke
upon the American Legion for its im-
ki. i i.ut m pudence and lawlessness, both en-
was the intention of the relief com-j acted and imDlied' that the leaders of
mision operating in Hungary during that organization will be deterred
the Soviet regime in that country, to from incitin the,r followers to
overthrow the Hungarian Soviet finv-1 further acts of Violence."
lne action oi tne council was cai-
IH .fsrth by the American Legion's.!
recent threat to President Harding
that the release of Eugene V. Debs
would be viewed by it as license to
disregard law and order.
' " "fif. ffanman showed that the pre
sent offer of capitalist relief commis
sions to Soviet Russia was another
attempt on the life of the Russian
Hoover Dare Not fssue Call for Funds.
Hoover, Dr. Hartman asserted,
dared not issue a general call for
funds to help the Russian workers,
since he knows full well that the
American people would respond
abundantly and thereby manifest their
overwhelming sympathy with the
workers of Russia.
The credentials committee reported
that 87 organizations were represent
ed at the conference by 150 delegates.
The credentials of two delegates were
rejected because they emanated from
a counter-revolutionary paper which
has indulged in rabid and repeated
attacks on Soviet Russia.
No Conditions Affixed to Relief
The conference decided to call the
new organisation the Friends of So
viet Russia. The organization will
collect funds for the relief of famine
stricken Russia, the money to be
turned over to the Soviet Government
or its accredited representatives with
out imposing any terms. All appeals
shall be of a distinctly working class
character, class-conscious and free
from the humanitarian taint always
involved in such enterprises conducted
by capitalist organizations.
It was decided to elect an execu
tive committee to serve for three
months. Those elected were Dr. Hart
man, Caleb Harrison, Edgar Owens,
MUCH STEEL, FEWER BABIES.
Pittsburgh, Pa. The infant death
rate in this city of steel and the 12
hour day is the highest in the nine
large cities investigated by the chil
dren's bureau of the department of
labor, according to a report entitled
"Infant Mortality in Pittsburgh", just
"In each year of the five-year
period, 19161920," says the report,
"Pittsburgh lost more babies in pro
portion to its birth rate than any
other of the nine cities. In Pittsburgh
as a whole, in 1910, there was a loss
during infancy of one life out of
RUSSIA NS STAR VING.
Russia SOVIET RUSSIA, is a work.
Steeped in ignorance and misery for"
nturies, the workers revolted against their ex
ploiters, kicked them out and took possession .
And so darkest Russia wfis made the BRIGHTEST SPOT in the world for, though
there is no bread, the workers' hearts are GLAD made glad because they were victorious
in breaking the chains of slavery, welding tRem into bonds of fraternity with the world's
The workers of Russia declared Ru
the last four years the capitalist nations of trv
For four years the workers of Russia i
the world's exploiters.
THEIR country in November. 1917. And for
: world have conspired to wreck this first
iave, in battle after battle, beaten the enemy,
- NOW COMES THIS FAMINE -
FIFTEEN MILLION RUSSIANS ARE ACTUALLY STARVING!
MILLIONS OF THIS NUMBER ARE CHILDREN!!
THE WORKERS OF THE WORLD MUST HELP!!!
Capitalist nations; charitable institutions of the capitalist class have offered to help.
Need we tell you why? Need we tell you thV they will lose no opportunity to overthrow
the Russia of the workers, for might not StrViet Russia point the way to freedom to the
workers of all countries? '
All workers must help. Their assistance has no ulterior motive. Workers of all coun
tries will help because the Russian worker; n re their CLASS BROTHERS. Workers of all
countries will give bread to Russia becauaf nsy demand that Soviet Russia shall LIVEI
HOW MUCH WILL YOU GIVE?
WILL YOU FEED 100 CHILDREN TpDAY, AT A COST OF ONLY 5c PER
CHILD, A TOTAL CONTRIBUTION
WILLYOU FEED 20 FAMILIES
FAMILY, A TOTAL CONTRIBUTION (
WILL YOU FEED 10 FAMILIES
FAMILY, A TOTAL CONTRIBUTION
WILL YOU FEED 20 CHILDREN
CHILD, A TOTAL CONTRIBUTION
A COST OF ONLY 25c PER
A COST OF ONLY 25c PER
)DAY, AT A COST OF
LND GIVE AG;
ONLY 5c PER
YOU MUST GIVE ALL YOU
Send all remittances to
THE FRIENDS OF SOVIET RUSSIA
201 W. 13th STREET NEW YORK CITY
Workers and sympathizers should form
branches everywhere and affiliate with
the nationa loffice at the above address.
The American Labor Alliance.
Chas. Recht, Legal Representative,
ATTENTION: The machinery for purchasing foods and medicines at lowest prices, chartering
ships for their export, attending to the safe arrival of all shipments, has been established. The Friends
of Soviet Russia stand ready TODAY to send ship loads of flour, wheat, dried vegetables, canned milk
for children, medicines and other needs direct to the "Help Committee" of which Kaminev and Gorky
are members and which is the official committee of Soviet Russia. Only the money to make immense
wholesale purchases is needed. GIVE GENEROUSLY!
Australian Labor Congress Takes
Advanced Position and New Policies
FAVORABLE ACTION TAKEN ON METHODS TO UNITE ALL
RADICALS FOR OVERTHROW OF CAPITALISM.
By W. FRANCIS AHERN, Federated Press Staff Correspondent.
( Melbourne, Australia. The All
I Australia National Congress of Trades
I Unions opened at Melbourne on June
20. It was the most important gather
ing of trade unionists in the industrial
history of that city. Over 500 dele
gates were present, representing all
organizations throughout Austrialia.
The congress aims at outlining a
that they were out to overthrow the
capitalist system and take, united
steps to meet the impending crash of
capitalism with a scheme of control
of all industries by the community for
A committee of 12 was appointed
to draw up ways and means for rais
ing the $2,000,000 necessary to start
nnlir-v fnr the wnrkpra that, will tint
nniv ni.i th. ail,,,, n aJ 'aDor in Australia where they
J VIM111I l. ' " UliVf,IHIIVV U I Ull ll' l
vanced reformers, but will ensure the
necessary enthusiasm to enable such a
policy to be carried into effect. It was
I - 1 iL.i 1 1 1 1" 1 1 t '
maue piain irai. a cieany-aeiineu in- AustraHa would
dustrial policy was absolutely neces
sary, and that without such a policy
chaos confronted the workers, while
with such a policy everything wa3
E. J. Holloway (president of the
Australian Labor party) presided,
and in a lengthy opening address
traced the international situation.
Points from his speech were as follows:
"In every country the socialization
did not exist and stabilize those al
ready existing. It was considered that
a levy of $2.50 on all unionists in
provide the neces-
Against Imperialist Wars.
The congress offered solid opposi
tion to the Anglo-Jap treaty and made
it plain that the workers of Australia
would not stand for any treaty made
1 outside Australia, nor one made in
I A . 1!.. . 1 . L 1 4 1. M
vusvrana except me yeuyie mem-
selves. One thing was made quite
clear Australian workers will refuse
of industry had been demanded. Work I to be drawn into another imperialistic
councils had been appointed in Ger- war' or anV war outside the border
many, though class distinctions still lines of that country. It was decided
remained. In Italy the workers tried not onlv to PD08e the further ratlfl
to give effect to their ideals by force,! eation of the Anglo-Jap treaty but to
but failed and had to compromise make clear that not one m or
i i II ll 1 1 n wuiu ' iiiutgu 1 1 iiHuwniia
support of any war outside the coun
try. Motions were carried demanding
with the employers. True, they had a'
certain amount of industrial control.
Though capitalism was compromising
all along the line it was still in force
except in Russia. that the government should provide
"In France the workers went fori national works to absorb the unem
a clear-cut Socialist community. They I ployed, also that organized labor do
stood for the socialization of all the
agencies of wealth production a
scheme of industrial nationalization,
with administration in the hands of i ganized labor.
all in its power to prevent immigra
tion to the country where such immi
gration has not the approval of or-
Support for Ireland in her fight for
self determination was expressed in
the following motion:
"The worW was seething with dis
content. . Workers everywhere; were
demanding a mgcnance. urmirerw; That "TfW tmfWSftr 'rprwrrfflg
great change from capitalism to So- the industrial movement of Australia
cialism in Australia, all sections must records its full approval of the prin
come together. Militarism must end.ciples of self determination for Ire-
Australian workers must link with land, as endorsed by an overwhelming
those of other countries and put an
end to all secret war and peace
treaties. The Australian workers in
tended to repudiate every secret treaty
made in the name of Australia by
enemies of the workers."
Little Faith in Parliament.
majority of the Irish people and, in
endorsing the findings of the British
labor commission, invited the labor
movement of Great Britain, with a
view to compelling the English gov
ernment to withdraw its army of oc
cupation from Ireland, to act through
It was maintained that the present: its council of action in a "Hands off
parliamentary system perpetuated the) Ireland" policy consistent with the
capitalist system and was of no realj policy adopted when it issued its
use to the workers, though it might! historic ultimatum to the British
be used for propaganda purposes, movement "Hands off Russia."
lii - 1 L i. I f 11 ........
mier a lenijtny ueuate me iuiiuwiuk
motion was made: "The socialization
of industry, production, distribution
and exchangevto be the objective of
the Australian Labor party." Dele
gates said they had to make it plain
Sid Hatfield's Last Stand.
"When the gun-play begins again on battle-scale in Mingo and Logan,
I hope you will understand how came it. And when Sid Hatfield is tried for
the killing of Albert Felts, I hope a plenty of people will back him up for
his defense, for I think he's the kind' of man the world needs more of." So,
wrote Bob Minor in his stirring story, "The Wars of West Virginia" in
The Liberator a year ago.
Sid Hatfield was freed of the charge of the murder of the coal barons'
gun-man, Albert Felts. They couldn't get him on that. But the gun-play
which occured on the courthouse steps at Welch two weeks ago, between
C. E. Lively, Baldwin-Felts detective, and Sid Hatfield and Ed. Chambers,
friends of the miners, left Hatfield and Chambers dead on the scene.
Sid is dead and the Baldwin gun-man will probably be freed of hip
killing. In such clashes not all victories can fall to the workers and the
Allen S. Broms, Dr. Mendelsohn, Dr. I friends of the workers
Wilenkm, Dr. Reichel.
To seek the co-operation of other
The conference instructed the Exec
utive Committee to seek ways and
means of securing the co-operation of
the other conferences taking place in
the country. It was pointed out that
united effort in the relief work will
avoid duplication of work and release
energy for extending the organiza
tion and bringing the whole working
class into action for helping the
famine districts of Soviet Russia.
The attitude of all the delegates
present demonstrated the tremendous
interest that American workers are
taking in the relief drive for Soviet
Russia and their heartfelt solicitude
for the welfare of thMr fellow-work
ers across the sea.
Another conference will take r.ce
next Tuesday, to which represent
atives of more organizations have
Executive Committee Issues Call to
Upon adjournment of the conference
Being a friend of the miners cost Hatfield his life. He could just as
well (and more profitably) have been their enemy. But Sid, being "the kind
of a man the world needs more of", chose his friends from among the coa
diggers and not from among the coal owners. That is why he is dead today.
When the wars between the miners and the coal owners of West Vlr
ginia took on the phase of gun battles, Hatfield renounced the feuds ol
his fathers and took his place in the larger class-fight of his mountalneen
turned coal miners. The automatic and high powered rifle are ordinary
means of settling disputes and establishing the rough justice of those
mountaineer settlements where the Hatfields for generations had lived and
died. Sid learned to shoot true and quick. He was a gun-man too, but In th
higher sense of the word. His crime was, not that he knew how and did
shoot to kill, but that he shot and killed the enemies of the miners. In
this consisted his crime in the eyes of the coal barons; in this consisted just
cause for his death, so they reasoned.
And now Sid is dead. Sid believed in the Constitution of the United
States and in keeping the law as it is written. So he defended the miners
against the assaults of the hired thugs of the coal owners. Because of this
belief in the fundamental laws of the country, he ran foul of the Law ot
the Coal Barons who own and rule In West Virginia. So Sid had to tx
gotten rid of no matter how.
The coal miners have lost a friend and fighter. The coal owners have
their vengeance. But the war between them goes on. Sid Hatfield is dead
but others from the ranks of the miners will take his place. They MUST
take his place. The fight for unionism in the Mingo coal fields demands
more men like him. The surest vindication of hi death is to develop more
men of his kind. Only when this is done can the fight for unionism 1n
Weat Virginia be won.
Debs Pardon Up Soon.
Washington, Aug. 11. Attorney
General Daugherty announced today
he hoped to submit to President
Harding by the end of the month re
commendations concerning a pardon
for Eugene V. Deljs, imprisoned So
GARMENT WORKERS PLEDGE
New York. Benjamin Schlesinger,
President of the International Ladies'
Garment Workers' Union, announced
yesterday at the close of a conference
attended by representatives of each
local that all the members would be
called upon to donate half a day's
pay for the relief of starving Rus
sians, a sum which probably would
total $250,000. There are approxi
mately 150,000 members. The large
majority are of Russian extraction,
(rnd many have relatives in the zones
where the greatest want is reported.
Mr. Schlesinger, however, said that all
of the fourteen nationalities repre
sented in the union had expressed a
willingness to contribute.
London. Former officers and sol
diers are infesting the streets of
London as beggars, mouth organ
players and fiower peddlers, pleading
that the government has left them
penniless after exploiting their loyal
service, according to Grattan Doyle,
speaking in the house of commons.
The ministry of pensions replied
that inquiries wre made regarding
any particular cjtae in which It was
suggested that a man disabled in the
war had not received his due from
COTTON, CAPITALISM AND PELLAGRA.
Pellagra is a disease caused by malnutrition due to lack of vegetable
in the diet. Just now the disease is wreaking havoc among a hundred
thousand inhabitants of the American southern cotton raising section. Ten
thousand victims, it is calculated will die.
To think of a lack of vegetable diet in the fruitful American southland
seems an anomaly. Explain this anomaly and several other things become
plain which are attempted to be kept under cover from the light of day.
There is a direct connection between pellagra and the crisis in the
cotton market of last fall which has continued up to the present. In the
cotton raising section little besides cotton is raised. The Bystem of tenant
farming prevails. Land is rented for cotton growing. Cotton is king. Every
other human need is supplied from the outaide. Cotton rules. Every inch of
cultivated area is planted to the fibre. This is the rule of the land owners.
The landlord demands cotton in payment of his rent. That explains why
only cotton is planted.
When "normalcy" prevails, the cotton-raiser-on-rented-land can. on
an average get about enough for his ahare of the cot!on raised to pun-hast
what few of life's essentials are required to keep himself and family from
falling victims to pellagra.
But last fall, when the cotton harvest was made times were not normal.
The high prices of cotton prevailing for several previous years dropped
out of sight. Cotton was worthless as far as a market for it was concerned
Of course millions of people the world over were and have since been naked
for lack of clothing this cotton would have made, but capitalism could
furnish no "market" tho it furnished plenty of nakedness.
Cotton was sold for less than the cost of prodcutlon. Great quantities
were not even harvested but were ploughed under for this year's crop
Cotton reisers were ruined by the hundreds of thousands. They have since
become objects of charity of the land owners. Rations of molasaes, corn
meal and salt pork have been provided them while they planted the new
crop. Because of their loss of last year's crop they had no money to buy
vegetables whick Hkewiie rotted in binns and cellars and fields in othei
parts of the country, because there was "no market".
Therefore, pellagra walks among the cotton field workers of this
fruitful country and gathers ita victims by the thousands. The capitalist
press is keeping the matter under a blanket of silence. It can only see the
"fruits of Bolshevism" in drought striken Russia. It cannot aee the fruits' youths into training camps for long
of capitalist "supply and demand" and exploitation in America. Telling the! periods for military training and a
truth about conditions in America ia bad for business. Besides it would! demand was made on the government
direct the eyes of the workers he' to their own misery. j to cancel the scheme.
For Industrial Organization.
The One Big Union scheme, passed
at a former trade union conference,
was reaffirmed, also that the name
of the One Big Union in Australia
should be "The Australasian Work
ers' Union." A council of action of 12
members representing the six Austra
lian states, was also framed. The work
of the council of action will be:
(1) To give effect to matters agreed
upon by kongress relating to In
dustrial organization; (2) to co
operate with the Australian and the
New Zealand Labor parties, through
their executives, with regard to all
other decisions of congress for the
purpose of putting into operation the
principles adopted by the congress;
(3) to have power to convene further
Another important motion carried
by the congress was:
"That this congress, representing
700,000 trade unionists, holding that
the settlement of international dis
putes by war is barbarous and re
sponsible for the inflicting of untold
suffering and misery on the people,
not only of the belligerent countries,
but of the whole world, declares in
favor of the settlement of any such
disputes by international arbitration,
and further recommends the wovkera
in all countries to form councils of ac
tion; and as the Pacific ocean is likely
to be made the cockpit of the next
great war, the council of action
elected in AustraHa be instructed to
get into communication with labor
organisations generally and parti
cularly with those in countries border
ing on the Pacific for the purpose of
preventing future wars."
A motion was carried protesting
against the compulsory herding of