Newspaper Page Text
CLEVELAND, 0., SATURDAY, AUGUST 20, 1921.
THROUGH LA TVIA
INTO RED RUSSIA
By HULET M. WELLS
Delegate of the Seattle Central Labor Council to the Red Trade Union
Congress at Moscow, July, 1921.
How long can a big city maintain
a show of pomp and ease without
visible means of support? That is the
thought that strikes one most forcibly
after a rough appraisal of the city of
Riga. Riga is a large, modern looking
city, with broad streets, shady squares
and handsome buildings. The only
thing that makes it strikingly dif
ferent from an American city is the
scarcity of vehicle traffic in the busi
ness district and the presence of the
ubiquitous droschky driver with his
matted whiskers and flea-bitten little
To come from Libau to Riga is like
coming out of the old world into the
new. Libau is the principal city of
Couiland, one of the three districts
that make up the state of Latvia. The
othe districts are Latgale, a purely
agricultural section, and Livonia,
which dominates the little country
with Riga as the capital.
It is in Libau that the misery of
the people is most apparent, though
there is, of course, plenty of it else
where. But there the ragged wretched
ness of the poor, and the constant
begging of the sad-faced children per
mit no illusion of prosperity. In Riga
the crowds of well-dressed people on
the main streets create a certain
measure of such an illusion. There are
plenty of handsome women in trim
shoes and well-cut clothes, and the
streets swarm with official and mili
tary uniforms. It is a chinovnik city.
The system that was scourged out of
red Russia finds a refuge here.
I am told by a resident that there
can hardly be said to be any industry
at all in Riga except the industry of
ministering to the official class. An
other native of the country says there
is much discontent among the farmers
of Latgale. It is upon the farmers
that the whole burden of keeping up
the bureaucratic state falls.
I was able to leave Libau ft day
ahead of the main body of Russian
immigrants who had come on the
same ship. These are not allowed to
separate, but are shipped over the
border as soon as possible, for the
Latvian government fears their pre
sence. I hoped by getting away early
""rn "Rv" oid some of the discomfort of the'
miserable service on the Latvian rail
The nights were very cold, and we
had no blankets, so I slept hardly any
fqr three nights. There were two
women and a little boy in our car.
We made them as comfortable as pos
sible, which was not much, and the
rest of us lay curled up on the floor,
for there was no room to stretch out.
I was half burried under Russian
boots and was glad I took my overcoat.
We were under guard of 24 Latvian
soldiers, and they had a couple of
prostitutes along with them and a col
lection of booze. One soldier got
drunk, and instead of going to his
car decided to get into ours. He came
ished by shell fire were to be seen
The landscape consists of well-kept
farms, broken by stretches of small
timber. The fields were green with
winter rye, and here and there small
orchards were in bloom. I was told
that the peasants do not plow the soil
deeply enough and the crops often
suffer from drouth later in the season.
I saw windmills exactly like those of
Holland and wellsweeps like old New
Many of the women here were bare
foot, in some cases very pretty girls,
otherwise quite well dressed. The more
well-to-do among the city women are
extremely well shod. They wear shoes
with a round toe and high heel that
make their feet look very small. The
poorer women in the cities were bare
foot and dressed in wretched rags.
Our baggage, which filled nine cars,
was loaded by old women and young
girls, either barefooted or their feet
tied up in rags.
Rationing System Essential.
The extreme poverty and wretch
edness of the lower class in ung
ear deciueu to get inu uuis. -- ....
climbing in, throwing his gun around well illustrates the
recklessly and fell down in a stupor, result in a social d ipMl
One of his comrades came in and time of national extremity. Ine on y
took away his cartridges, which made alternative in such circun.tanc
iZ when he discovered it. a rationing system such as that ot
miu JktM lvw"
lnud imnreoations he leu
I had no such luck. Although I ar
rived at the depot an hour early it
was to late to get a reservation of
sufficient space in a compartment in
which one may have room enough to
sleep. I got a second-class ticket
which should have entitled me to a
seat. More tickets had been sold, how-
over than there was corresponding
room for, so, after a hard struggle,)
I landed in a narrow compartment,
one of nine passengers with only seven
seats, and an all-night trip ahead of
us. The locomotives are wood burners
and jog along at about 12 miles an
ynnr with lone stops. I didn't sleep
Experiences Passport Trouble.
At Riga, after trying three hotels
and finding them all full, I finally
got a room at the fourth and was
nreoaring to fall into bed when I
was requested to show my passport.
Now, as I was bound for Russia and
was therefore a suspicious person in
the eyes of Latvian officials, my pass
nort with those of all the other im
migrants had been taken up at Libau
and was to be held until we were over
tv,o Russian border. So here I was
without a place to lay my tired head
for no householder in Latvia dares
to take a stranger in unless he has
So that day I got no sleep, but that
night, through the kindness of some
Russian friends, I was given a oeo
and the next day I was herded with
about 800 men, women and children
into an immigrant train.
The train consisted of freight cars
of the small, continental type, w;th a
few loose planks to serve as seats.
There were about 25 passengers to
each car. It was only about 200 versts
to the border a verst is about two
thirds of ft mile but we spent two
niehts in the cars, and were held an
other full day a short distance from
the border while our baggage was
headlong out of the door. We hoped
we had seen the last of him, but
eventually he came back and stayed
with us, snoring loudly through the
Confiscate Goods at Border.
I had no trouble when my baggage
was examined, for I had nothing
worth stealing, but others did not
fare so well. New goods purchased
in Latvia are confiscated at the
border. That is bad enough, but the
law is made a pretext by the officials
for stealing goods brought from the
United States which have not been
Upon entry into the country we
were told that we could register our
property. It had nothing to do with
customs, as the baggage was in
transit. Consequently many immi
grants did not understand that the
registration was of much importance.
I asked what the purpose of it was
and understood the answer to be, "In
case you lose anything."
Now. later, at the Russian bonier,
the rascally Latvian officials asserted
the right to seize either goods or
money that had not been registered.
Of course, to search the clothing of
more than 800 people, as well as their
baggage, would have taken much time,
so occasionally they made searches of
the clothing of people whom
suspected of having considerable
As soon as we got to Riga, we be
gan to see the famous Russian insti
tution of the samovar. It is a hot
water receptacle built around a little
stove, which is fed with chips or
charcoal. For outdoor use it has a
length of stovepipe. The peasants
tried to sell us everything in the way
of food, such as bread, cake, milk and
eggs, as well as tea from the samo
vars. Wherever we stopped at a large
station, however, the railroad sup-
died us with boiling water.
At one of the stations there was
quite a fraternal demonstration. The
townspeople crowded around the cars
and talked to the immigrants in irjenu-
ly fashion. Then after the singing oi
songs and a display of red flags, the
Russians furnished music for an im
promptu dance between the railroad
tracks, the Russian men dancing with
the Latvian girls. This was at the
last station before we reached Zilupe,
which I have already described.
were shivering in tne
chill of the evening, I started a little
fire for the benefit of a little group
of kindred spirrtt'jwho had discovered
each other en tfkjte. Two of us were
delegates, two fte political refugees,
and one was a?Mrl from the soviet
bureau in New "Bark going to join the
rest of Marten'sMaff in Moscow. We
were just getting comfortable when
a soldier came and drove us away.
It was a time of rather tense ap
prehension for so lie of the members
of the group. We were all glad when
the last of us hti answered to our
names after stand lig for two hours in
the gathering dark less while the pass
ports were called off. In a country
where there are s many spies it was
not difficult to imagine some apparent
comrade turning , at to be the agent
of some foreign g wernment.
Meets a lootlegger.
I had little at : take and therefore
was-not bothered y nerves, but when
one of my friene called me aside to
tell me of suspic: bus things that he
had noticed, the dot did indeed ap-
pear to thicken.
in the dark to t
when a Latvian
the arm and ta
interpreter I disc
A COMMUNIST IN
Translated from a Bavarian paper.
I stumbled along
my car, I started,
rd grabbed me by
ed to me in an
t after calling an
ered him to be an
innocent bootlegger who desired me
to make proper provision
entering dry Russia.
The train started at last, and noth
ing had happened! Fifteen, minutes
later it stopped. All of my companions
had disappeared Except the girl. We
wondered what as up. Then my
name was caiieu apiu "u
door and found my
"Come along," ihey said.
"Where?" I aaked.
"To Russia," they answered.
"Oh, please don't leave me," pleaded
the girl, running after us without her
hat. So wt took "her along. We plod
ded along the side of an embankment,
feeling our way in the dark. Then w&j
crept across a trestle that spanned a
little stream. AfoJ here was an official
car, and hearfe? handclasps and
hospitable greetings from fine young
comrades in the "uniform of the Red
Army, ard clean Wis into which we
tumbled for needed sleep and
were in Red Russia.
Seattle Union Record
Here, as we
BBlllIlIlIMiMillll"""""" WT g
Once upon a time while St. Peter
for a short while went into the nearby
tavern and forgot to leave a sub
stitute at the doors of paradise, the
soul of a Communist, killed in jail
during an attempt to escape, sneaked
into the garden of the blessed. No
one noticed his presence, since the ex
terior of the new soul in no way dif
fered from theirs, but on the very
next morning such things happened as
never had occured since the foundation
of the Kingdom of Heaven. Early on
that morning the angels' musical
chorus wenjt on strike demanding a
double ration of the heavenly suste
nance. "Father God" was just getting up
and reading the heavenly paper
"Peace" (or Press) when before him
in person appeared a deputation from
the newly formed union of Cloud
Propellers and demanded a shortening
of the working day to five hours.
Around noon turned before the
heavenly throne a manifestation by
before the star upholders with placards
"We want immediate socialization of
the milky way' and the large constel
lations." After them demonstrated the
little saints, sufferers, angels and
godly men with mottoes "Down with
the dictatorship of the big saints. All
power in the hands of the angels,
three friends and j godly men and the heavenly soldiers'
councils; long live the Heavenly So
Father God at first could not ac
count for .these new events and while
sitting on his cloudy couch thinking
rlppn v. at about 3.45 P. M. a bomb!
exploded on the moon. Then the old
God at once guessed the cause: "A
Communist has sneaked into heaven,"
cri' i he, and motioned to Jeremiah his
foremost confidential advisor.
Prophet Jeremiah at once phoned
to Archangel Gabriel who at the head
of a company of mounted angels, with
out delay plunged into a search for
the warring communist and arrested
him right at the moment he (the
communist) was trying to jump on.
Mars. Under the guard of two sar-1
gents of the mounted angels the com
mfecticai tf TheToiler
' i, t r t.
By Nea Richards.
Once again Rebecca found herself
looking at the trees and thinking:
"Each tree enjoys the rain, the sun
light and the breeze equally. No one
tree monopolizes v ;m. Why can't
human beings, who have more power
over nature than the trees, enjoy
equally the good things of life?"
The question agitated her, evoking
in her heart a feeling of discontent
with herself. Why, she didn't know.
Surely the unjust conditions of human
life were not of her making; what
made her blame herself when she
thought of them ? She couldn't under
She looked ahead into the fast
gathering darkness of the summer
evening. The trees were losing their
sharp outlines, were becoming things
vague, assuming the shapes that were
fleeting through her mind.
They were no longer trees but
human beings chained to earth, strug
gling to free themselves and live in
freedom. All but one shape struggled
in vain. And the form that had man
aged to free itself began sliding to
It made her tremble. Not with fear,
Oh, No! She trembled with expecta
tion. The form is before her. She sees
it very clearly in spite of the dark
It is a young girl with eyes in
the depth of which burns a flame that
thrills Rebecca. "Who are you?"
The form answers: "I am YOU as
you will be when you come to know
that mere thinking of the suffering
that is the lot of mankind will not
away with the suffering. Something
else is needed."
"What?" asked Rebecca, with
strange feeling of talking to herself.
The vision answered: "Action!"
And it didn't sound like the voice of
a young girl. It didn't sound like the
voice of one person. It was a mighty
voice that seemed to come from every
where, filling all the world with a
command Action !
Then came a soft appeal. There pas
sed before Rebecca's eyes the millions
who toil and toil and get nothing but
insecure bread, wretched shelter and
threadbare clothes. No comfort, no
peace of mind, no ease of heart. No
chance to develop no chance to live.
Merely existing, occupying a shack
in the slums instead of a grave in the
Then a command again: "Action!
"In you burns the flame of youth
the flame of ljfe. You have vision,
you have courage, you can endure
hardships; will you waste it all on
tears and sighs, or will you...."
"Act!" cried Rebecca, awakened,
"I WILL act!"
But the next moment she wondered
how she was to act. The voice, which
came she understood now from her
own heart, said: "Join the Party of
By Joseph Ames.
A land of plenty is the place where
the brotherhood of man should be
come established. Where there is
enough of everything it is easy to ar
range things so that there will be
enough of everything for everybody.
Our country is a land of plenty. Let
us get together and establish the
brotherhood of man, right here.
By Arthur Dalton.
I saw the banner of
And love and truth and justice
Were rulers of the world.
A dream ; but, boys and girls,
The thing is up to you.
An empty dream; you have
" . A J 11..
r-Z rrTCnilmumst was spurred on lowaru u.c
S Mff I 13 M J. riJA I C II B heavenly station. The valient Arch
WW M i 1 ,fa W
IN SOVIET RUSSIA
ju,. Nnto- The following is the eighth of aj
VUUHW - a . 1 m.
thev ,Kirh Mr. F iter was commissionea oy in
- uh " . . , .. r it- . d..:...
write. He already has told of the growm o. ine
lerated Press to
ie unions, which
We could not see what was going
on, for examination was made of one
car at a time, but soon we began to
hear stories of losses of money. These
stories varied so widely that I finally
began to hope they were only rumors,
but eventually I verified some of
them. We had a train committee elect
ed by the immigrants themselves. One
of the committee assured me, when
the examination was about half
through, that the money losses up to
that time amounted to about ?8,0UU
Later. I personally met one man who
had lost $1,100.
He was Abraham Shmitov, a ma
chinist of Cincinnati, traveling to
Moghilev, Russia. He had his money
secreted in his underwear and shoes
Thev took $1,350 and handed him
back a little of it, saying they wouia
take $1,000. When he counted what
remained he found only $250, which
led to the discovery that one official
had secreted $100 for his personal
Propagandists Are Active.
This happened at Zilupe. The place
was infested with international spies.
Propagandists passed systematically
from car to car telling us horrible
tales of what would happen to us in
soviet Russia. Somebody pays these
people, and it is not Latvia.
All of this is what might be ex
pected from a government which in
1919, as I was informed by a Lettish
.mrade, arrested 29 Latvian boys and
rirls for belonging to a young peo
pie's socialist society, executed eleven
and sent fourteen to prison.
The scenes along the route were
very interesting. It was country that
had been fought over at different
times from the first German advance
to the defeat of Yudenitch and his
supporters. The land was strewn with
barbed wire entanglements, some of
which were used for fences. Trenches
and earthworks and buildings demol
. . . . e it. r,nuintQ frnm All in-
Bv WILLIAM Z. FOSTER, Federated Press Staff Writer.
ABC OF COMMUNISM
By N. BUCHARIN.
The Book English Readers Have Long Wanted. Just what
the title says a book easily read, containing the essentials'
of Communist philosophy, the new tactics of militant Com
munism learned from the struggle for Power.
136 page 50c. 12 copies for $5.00. Order to-day.
Moscow. The Russian trade union
. 1 J 1 v.i n 1
movement is based upon tne inaiww
principle. That is, all the workers
engaged in a given enterprise (from
the highest officials to the laborers)
belong to one organization. There are
no craft unions consisting of certain
trades working in many industries
For example, the steam engineers
working in the metal industries, in
stead of belonging to a craft union
as is the case in the United States,
are part of the industrial union of
metal workers. The electrical workers
in the textile industry do not belong
to a craft union of electrical workers,
but to the industrial union of textile
workers. This principle holds through
out the entire trade union structure
Craft unionism, which American lead
ers boast so much of, is looked upon
by the Russians (in common with all
nrotrressivc unionists) as a very
primitive type of organization unfit
ted for modern industrial conditions
At present the labor movement con
sists of 23 industrial unions, as fol
lows: Medical and sanitary workers
t rim snort workers (railroad men
sailors, longshoremen, etc.) j miners
carpenters and joiners; agricultural
and forest workers; theatrical em
ployes; provisioning and housing
workers: leather workers; metal
workers; municipal employes; teach
ers; communication workers (tele
phone, post, telegraph); printers;
paper makors ; food workers; building
trades; sugar workers; employes of
co-operatives; tobacco workers; textile
workers; chemical workers; clothing
trades, and employes in taxation,
fiinnce and central departments.
Compare these 23 closely-knit,
homogenous Russian industrial unions
with the 1.20 disjointed criss-crossing
American craft unions and you will
get an inkling of the degree of
structural development achieved by
the movements in the two countries
As for the comparative understanding
of the two movements concerning the
problems thny are confronted with
perhaps the less said the better for
our conceit so far docs the American
labor movement rtand behind that of
Russia in this respect.
The industrial unionism prevailing
in the Russian movement is not due
to the sudden realization of a bcauti
ful scheme worked out in some intcl-
leotual's studv chamber. On the con-
trary, it is the result of the every day
experiences of the movement, the cul
mination of a constant structural evo
lution to meet the needs of the work
angel received the order of St. Trinity,
1st degree with swords, wren one
kick of his large boot the Archangel
thrpw the communist soul out of the
of special articles neaveniy garden, and smiling, bent.
over to see how it would burst into
pieces when striking the earth.
But as is known: he who laughs
last laughs best. On the road between
Wole and Leipzig a member of the
United Communist Party of Germany
was lying mortally wounded and just
as he was releasing his soul, tne oiner
soul dropped from heaven straight
upon him and entering the body, it of
course comrade-like arose immediately
and continued to agitate.-Another
proof that against the Communists
even death is powerless.
The power to make it true.
i BIRDIE PERLSTEIN
By Sanford Hamilton
To begin with the Russian trade
union movement developed many craft
union characteristics, although of
course these were not so marked as in
the labor movements of western coun
tries. Much of the usual craft pride
and narrowness had to be broken
down. This was done by the idealists,
who, intensely active in the unions, set
about systematically eradicating
abuses and introducing betterments.
They brought about many amalgama
tions of craft organisations into in
dustrial unions during the congress
of 1920 nine such fusions were com
pleted. Those reactionary officials
who stood in the way of the moye-f
ment's betterment1 were swept aside
and "sent down the road talking to
themselves." Nor is the evolution yet
complete. Still other amalgamations
are contemplated to reduce the num
ber of industrial onions to 15 or 18
and thus to bring about greater unity
of the workers.
How different itlsll i in the United
States. With us the industrial union
organization and fighting lor tne
gradual realization of the new type,
pull out of them, and, setting up some
fine-spun industrial Utopia, waste
their efforts vainly to attract tne
masses to it. The industrial union idea
will make no substantial headway in
America until its advocates give up
their present nonieuslcal separatist
tactics and adopt the horse-sense
methods of the Ruftilnnft (which are
also those of the English, French and
German), by staying with the mass
organizations of the workers and
inducing them to adopt the newer
forms of organization through the
remode ling of the old ones.
(Continued next week.)
thromrh your columns,
honV the many sympathizers who
contributed towards the collection for
Soviet Russia both at Camp Tamimem
and at the Workers Unity House
Wo ko wish to thank the manage
ment of Camp Tamiment for the
rtpmis reception accorded to our
sub-committee. At the Workers Unity
House our subcommittee was denied
fhp nr'ivileee of making a public ap
peal, but through a ruse, and despite
managerial interdiction, our sub
mmiftPe succeeded in collecting at
Unity House $69.85, which, together
... 1 1 . esftlR collected at
wun me sum y -n ... .
makes a total oil
S100 collected for stricken Russia.
The National Defense Committee is
bending all its efforts, at the present
time, towards gathering relief for.
our stricken brothers and sisters in
Russia who have, these many years
stead of sticking in the basic 80 valiantly fought, and are now so
valiantly fighting ineir -
-counter-revolution and starvation.
National Defense Committee
LABOR UNIONS UNITE RELIEF
m- York.-A $25,000,000 relief
fund for famine sufferers in Russia
U proposed by labor org.naHu-
New York City, Including the Central
Labor Council, the Amal
gamated Clothing Workers, the United
J, ?.? lUh. and the Cloth Hat
and Cap Makers' unions. Ways and
nil. to start such a fund were dis
used at an open meeting addressed
by representatives of these organ.
JL. . -Moh it was decided to under
-w--. nthrr wavs and
take meeuHK - -
mn to raise the fund.
The Russian famine situation also
will be taken up t the regular meet
ings of the reepectlve organisations
. ..-.j immediate action
On the boat coming over to this
country, Meyer Perlstein kept think
ing: "If I do something new; if I try
to do something that no one ever did
before; if I can do what people say
is impossible then I'll succeed in
America." "Finance and Industry,"
June 11, 1921.
in otner woras, renstein nas a
weakness for the sensational. He ad
mits having no social conscience. His
dream was just look again at his
own picture of his soul, and you'll un
derstand why it was so easy for the
cloak manufacturers to "get a 'pur
chase' on his will."
All the articles about Pecjstein have
his picture, and that is worth to him
thousands of dollars. No cash is need
ed to buy men like Perlstein. He is
100 per cents vanity. A few articles
a year in magazines of Big Business
will keep him 'purchased' for a whole
Perlstein stands out in that
article in "Finance and Industry"
king of prigs, prince of boasters. Just
listen to this:
"I began to study English in the
New York Public Libraries." See how
he loves to magnify things. He doesn't
say "library." It is "li-bra-ries." He
learned how to spell cat in the Astor
Not everybody who rejects Marx
can have hill-page tfrite'-up fn maga-
zines of Big Business my wash
woman, for example.
What Birdie says in "Finance and
Industry" about Marx isn't worth
noticing. It is only a puppy barking
at an express train. But you'll' under
stand more clearly what a bundle of
sickening self-conceit Perlstein is
when you read the following:
"It was not long, USING MY
BRAINS (ha, ha, ha. . .) and drawing
my own conclusions, before I came to
disagree with the basic principles of
It was a cinch for the Cleveland
cloak manufacturers to "get a 'pur
chase' on the will" of a fop like Perl
stein by giving him publicity that
would coust thousands of dollars to
We need not bother with the rest
of the trash that fills the article. It
is only self-worship, smug, stagey,
foppish. The repprter who wrote it
must have shaken his ribs loose laugh
ing. The object of this article is to show
that, while Birdie Perlstein didn't sell
himself for money, the cloak manu
facturers "got a 'purchase" on him.
Let's recall the quotation from William
"Neither threats nor pleadings can
Library; rat, in the Lennox Library, move a man unless they touch some
The Petrograd Provincial soviet has
published sUtistiA showing that the
population of PetrogTad at the last
census was 720,000. The statistics
show a notable increase in the num
ber of marriages in Petrograd, which
is explainable by pit economic equan
ty which women have achieved-
And all you have to do to "get a
purchase" on a man who hkes to
magnify things is to magnify his
quarter-ounce ability to pound talent.
That's what the cloak manufacturers
have done. That's how they got the
"In a few months I mastered the
lunguage so I could write well." I
know graduates of European univers
ities who came here with a command
of three languages; it took them much
longer than "a few months" to master
English enough to write well.
That shows what a self -admiring
bundle of conceit Meyer Perlstein is.
All you have to do with a fellow like
that is to slap him on the back and
say, "Oh, you know better than that,"
and vou have "a 'purchase' on his
That is, if you are of the class he
looks up to. A priggish, self-spplaud
Ing, puffed -up boaster is of necessity
a snob. The cloak manufacturers got
Perlstein's number. They never offer
ed him money. He wouldn't take it
if they did; but they never offered it.
A write-up in a magazine costs them
nothing, and to Perlstein
How much is It worth to him to
have splashed across a page of
"Finance and Industry" the following
subheading: "Mr. Perlstein, Union
Leader, Rejects Socialistic Principles
one of his potential or actual selves
Only thus can we, as a rule, get a
'purchase' on another's will. The first
care of diplomatists and monarchs and
all those who wish to rule or influence
is, accordingly, to find out their
victim's strongest principle of self-
'regard so as to f make thai the
fulcrun of all appeal.
After reading these selections from
Perlstein's song of self-praise, do
you think is was hard for the cloack
manufacturers "to find out their vic
tim's strongest principle of nelf-re-gard?"
They found it out in a Jiffy, and
made t "the fulcrun of all appeal."
And that's how they "got a 'pur
chase' on him."
Birdie Perlstein IS a symbol of
bought-and-pald-for union officialdom.
Butte, Mont. Thomas E. Baber, or
ganizer of the Ku Klux Klan, has
departed from this city though his
work was not completed.
Larry Duggan, sheriff of this coun
ty, elected hy labor last fall, read an
adv. calling for "100 per cent Amer
icans," published in the Butte Miner
and a new story describing the ob
jects of the organisation. Duggan
publicly stated that if the Ku Klux
attempted any of Ita customary tac
tics in this community "they would
be shot down like wolves."