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THE TJNTON OP THE, STATES-OIE COUNTKY-OE DESTINY.
LANCASTER, OHIO, T HIIRSDA Y, 'MA Y 31, 1 8G0.
a?ette & EJcmocrat
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. OflUNTY OFFICERS.
3trt of Pairfieli Common Pleat Cosxt HhMtY
tS. HITMAN, residence Uneaster, Ohio.
Proban Jndi JKSSK LEOHNEH, OIUco In Public
B!pr...fli, J!(l.r-JAMES W. STINCHfOMB,
fijr-AARON W. EBKIfiHT. Office at Jail.
Cltrk of CaafWOIlN C. KA1NEV, Onlce rubilc
H)oii(?r A. J. DILDlSK. Office PuWc Bulldlnsr.
. Wsosarer P.O. BKNADUM.Oftice rubilc Buildinr-
Recorder A. SYFBKT, Offlre Public Building. .
Sare.yjr E. 8. HAKKUJH, Office, TallraadgeHlo:,
Secocd Storv. -
Conturh RH.f.l'l'ER.ieatdenoo, "Madison tp.
Coiii.r.-JORKPH 8HAKP,of Bern Town
ship: JONAS A. BAKER, of 'Walnut Township, and
JOHN W. CUNNINGHAM, of Hocking Township.
Srhool I:H.Ilrl-VrM. W. WHITKKY, JOHN
V1IXIAM8 and URIAH C. KUTTKR.
THE OLD FAHOT.IIOIJSK. .
ilua little grovoof shadelreea,
Htauda farm-house, brown anil old)
With a wealth of vlnoaarountl It,
Gemmed with flowers of rod and gold;
By tho path that makes a circle
Of whilo sand around the lawn,
Grow sweet Timothy and clover,
Busy aa a Juue-duy dawu.
Around Its door pale morning glories,
Jump-up Johnnies, dulillus, pints,
Cluster concentrated beauties,
Married bya thousnnd links i
Links of love, the works of nature's
Mystery af handicraft;
links of glory, through which fairy
Argosies of perluuio waft.
And the gate IhaUwIngabefore H,
And tbe fsroo aswblte asauow,
Stnnil orvaTlogated cnthlons,
Which the sua Ore ! aalow, "
Crowning them with many colors
Yellow, purple, greeu and blue
As If rainbows there bad-falleu,
Melted Into rarest dew.
On Its roof the greenest mosses,
Catch the shadows from the trees';
On Its sides red honeysuckles
Makothelr courtesies to the broeie-j
And the over-nervous wlllowe,
, Standing near Hie garden's bounds,
Throw a web of shade faiitaslio
Ou the, olover-inuutlod ground.
O'er the well an arch of grape-vinos,
Formed with hoaven's directed cure,
Chains the shadoea to the water.
Making cool the Bummer air;
And a tiny ehurch, Its steeple
Piercing through a bower of leave,
4s a sure and sacred rufugo
Where the wren her carol weaves,
IN TIIK iTIEIBOWS.
BY BAYARD TAYLOR.
Ille In the 'Summer Meadows,
In the meadows all alone,
With the Infinite sky above me
And the sun ou his mid-day throne.
The smoTl of the flowering graisos
lasweeter than any rose,
And r million ol happy Insects
Slug tu the warm repose.
Tho mnthor lurk that Is brooding,
Feel the sun on her wings,
" And the doepa on the noon-day gliliet
With the swarms of fulry things.
From the billowy groen beneath mo '
To tbe fathomless bine above,
The creatures of God are happy
In tho warmth of their sjinmer love.
, "The InlmltoMiasof Nature,
1 foot in every vein
The life and the llnhlof riimme?
. Blossom In heart anfl bram.
Hut darker than any shadow.
Than thunder-clouds unlurk'J.
Tho awful truth arises.
That Death Is ui Ihe World.
And theaky may beam nscver.
And never a cloud be curie
Ann the air be living odois.
But Death la in the Worlul
Out of the deep of sunshine
The Invisible boll Is hnrlod ;
There's 1 1 :e In the Hummer Meadows, '
But Ueuth Is 111 the World I ,
From tki World ( lias In.
A GUEST AT MIDNIGHT.
BY JK0. P. LACR0IX.
On the third of Novembor, 1S43, my
father, mother and two aisterg paid their
6 nn tia visit to the mansion of my mater
nal grandfather who resided about ten
miles from the river, in that romnntio hill
region reaehiug along the entire southern
border of the Stu'e of Ohio, I, alone, re
mained at home, and as I alwayihad n
childish diend of s olitude and darkness, I
expected to pass a very dreary day and
night, especially it" the lattersliould prove
dark and stoimy, which tbe heavy masses
of clouds, lying like distant mountains on
the western horizon now seemed to threat
en. My only wuy of keepins this pain
ful dread from making mo wretched was
to become so deeply engaged in reading,
as to fofktet my lonoly condition. 1 there
fore onened the family library and took
down an old volume which proved to bo
the "Faerie Queen." Alt the afternoon
of that day, I sat at my chamber win
dow intensely interested in the antique
style and chivalrio creations of the good
Spenser only withdrawing my attention
B.B chilliness prompted me to build up tbe
dying fire, or as a heavier gust ot wind,
swinging to and fro the shutters, made me
feel but too keenly the wild and frightful
bight, whiob. was fast approaching. It
vaa in my father's arm chair that I was)
readicg; but my miud at last grew tired,
and, all at once seemed to cease dwelling
on the stories of Spenser and to pass tlni'
t lories of wild adventures such aa I o)n-
not to this day think of without trembling.
At ont time i tnougnt i leu iron a motirt
tain eras into a gorge entirely filled with
drifting snow. Through this snow I sank
down down! it seemed I never should
cease, Again I soemed to have been
caught up by a huge vulture. Bat it hav
lug been attacked ty anomer leathered
monBter, as she Was about to devour me,
I escaped during the contest. Lastly I
thought that a furious wind had arisen,
prostating the old oaks of the forest and
shaking the hotse to its very foundations.
Suddenly a fearlul Wast came and I iho't
it was fulling in ruins upon my head.
The momeut I found myself awake, and
standing beside my chair, t could scarce
ly persuade mysolf that I had ouly dream
ed. bay had gone and night come; the
bright fire by which I had eat, had died
out fn a mass of embers, : and the. wind
like aq angry cpirU watt howling without
By the light of a taper, I saw the book, I
had read, lying beside the chair. Its fall
which had roused me from slumber.
Once more I heaped on the luel, drew my
chair to the fire and resumed reading by
a tuper. Sleep however, soon came over
me, and tilled my mind with wild and tear
ful visions. Hideous beings peopled the
nir fcbout me now smiling on me with
ghastly deformed faces, now flashing their
angty eyes an J- gnashing their tor
rib !e teeth almost in my fare. Such sleep
could not last long; and then the lonely
house seemed beseiged by savage hob
goblins; some tugging at tho windows and
others rqpp'ng with furious blows against
I again found myself awake, and by my
hair. The Ore was low, and the taper
but a mere point of flame, throwing a chill
ing gloom over the dark chamber, for a
moment all was still without, save the
moMiinpr ol the night wind. It was but a
moment oh! who can iiiiae thoindescri'
bitble horror, tho hoart-sickening teiror.
which chilled my son! on hearing again a
loud p! rap! at my door. Now, indeed
it was no dream wide awake I Blood, as
the vans full upon my ticmblinsr door.
For a momet.t 1 stood utterly unable to
move a muscle: still, oh, deadly still, ?m
iiiv heart! had a sister fallen into the
flames, I could not have reached a rcscu-
ing arm. fclowiy as the rapping ceasca, 1
regained my self-control. Rip! rap! how
ever, soon came agvn, followed by a hu
man voice asking admittance. 1 called
aloud lest I should be mistaken, and again
a voice was returned. I now summoned
resolution and, though with much mis
giving, approached the door. I hoped
anl tried to believe that some friend had
caller): et it was with the most painful
dread that I threw open the doer. A dark
fty-m ,tod before me, so deformed, so
haggard, that hid he not at thi moment
uttered a mild voice, I shou'd certainly
have thought liim A spirit fiom another
world, and c1otcd the door in terror. As
it was, ventured to invite him in, and
cave him a seal beside my feeble fire. I
soon discovered that he was a mendicant,
and at his request, placed before him a
Hitherto, I had taken but casual glan
ces at him by the flickering taper, but now
I had rebuilt the fire and trimmed the ta
per, and, as ho ate the lunch, the bright
illumination pf the chamber enabled mo
carefully to survey the mysterious stran
cer. Now I felt suie, had I at first seen
him clearly I should not have taken him
for one of my own species. So pallid a
counientMice, s sunken an eye, and so
pHliiod a liame I had not before seen.
tiis head was bald, save a few silver hairs.
His face and chin were covered wilh a
long uncombed b?arJ hanging in kooison
his t are breast, tl is right leg Imd been
ampntatedabovo the kne. His left fore
arm he had lost a hook beinz fastened
; to the arm at the elbow, on which he car
! ii,id a budget; and thorn were but two
I fingers and a thumb entire, on the right.
He walked by means 31 a cruicn.
A fieri boeanio fully assured of the hu
manity of my guest, I confess I was not a
little pleased in the hopethnt bin conver
sation, or at least his presence might ban
ish tl.at painful 'gloom which I always
experienced in a stormy night when alone,
When lid had bnished eating lie gianceu
to'vnrd me and asked il I were alone in
the houso. and learning that I was, he re
plied that it was not wonderful I had hes
itated to admit him. He informed me
that he rapped once, and hearing a noise
ceased a moment, and then rapped again.
Here, then, in his first rapping which a
woke me, is the explanation cf my dream
ofahouse falling upon me. I farther
I".rn6d that he was an Englishman of
cood familv. that he hid recieved a One
education at Oxford, that for bad, disso
lato counduct he had bci-n disinherited
and driven from homo, and' that as a last
resort he shipped as a common sailor with
the design ot quitting the land iorever.-
Ue now drew liisohaii- to t no lire and pia
cms Ins naked toot on tne warm nearm,
hogan a narration of his history, such as
1 never till then had heard, ana sucn as i
never desire to hear again. j
After many toilsome y6ars of seafaring
life in the South Paoiflo Sea, he had ar
rived at New York. During his delay of
two Weeks he visited Ike Bo thol -preaching
and becamoa beliover and convert to
Christianity, and ever since that time had
tried in his own worda.to "mako the New
Testament the cuide of his Iffe." Here
he took from his budget and showed me
a woll-thumbed bible a gift from the
minister who had baptized him. As he
spoke of these, things and. his early way
"You have not failed to observe my
grey locks and my mutilated body. Per
haps you regard me as an old man. If so
you are mistaken. I am pow in my thir
ty-ninth year. You seim astonished and
1 wonder not. My lot has been so strange
the scenes which I have passed through
so wild, and my euuuring so great thai 1
wonder not that I seem old but that I live
at all. Ten thousand times 1 have rela
ted my misfortunes and sufferings and ten
thousand vines have I been disbelieved.
Yet this has never tamed me from the
truth never have I avoided truth for the
sake of obtaining credence, nor shall I ev
howling of the wind, the darkness Jfc tW Mr. IVanaAeld' Report Growth of Ohio. ' claims of knowledge of great, though con
scene, and the fear. of destrnctionljy the The growth of Ohio in all tbe e.lcmenU
sharks, threw me into toe wildest terror. tor true ereatnets, and tA a high Christian
I shrieked aloud, grasped for anything that j cmliiai; is a modern miracle, challcng-
I might reach, and at lost caught what I
Supposed to be a rope, letdown from some
of the boats. As 1 held to it, it seemed to
be drawn by some unseen band, and I
hoped I should toon by it be lifted by my
companiuut into a boat., But it was a
vain hopel On on I was djawn, yet no
boat came! Still I held fast The water
ing the wonder and admiration of the civ-
vendunal value, and knowledge of leas,
though intrinsic value; teitii( that the
knowledge which we find to be of most
vlue in all other roFpectrf, is intrinnical-
ili zed world. A profound thinker and '7 moat valuable; its worih is not depend
writer, in conteuiDiannif the rapid and -'n' nVon opinion, but u is as fixed s it
unparalleled rise pf Ohio in wealth, and
in ull that consulates a great civil com
monweaiih. pronounced it almost tabu
ha relations of man to thi eurroandinr
world. Necessary and eternal are its
truiU; all Science com trnt all mankind
loua. and far surpateiniTall that had been H time- Equally at preaent, and in
witnessed in the march of civilization and ! 1118 rerooiesi luiure, must it it ot incal
iiasurf&o. The wipd (I. saw trout the
moon and ttat) continued to blow from
the southeast. The darkness gradually
er. You will not believe me, I fear, and 'decreased; still, the galeblew violently,
yet ray story affords me a melancholy
pleasure, and, by all the obligations of a
CJuutiau ; I writ give you a true sktieti of
my later experience.
"For four years after leaving New York
I was employed on an East India Packet
plying between Bombay and the Red Sea.
Becoming wearied of this monotonous
and I was towed, as I theuiht. bv the rope
I now thought it might be a rope floating
behind either flonw .trane vns-I,ot from
some of tbo life-boats. I therefore sup
posed, by climbing up the rope, I might
reach the boat, and be taken in, I had
passed but a few yards of the rope through
my hands, however, till I found my mis-
course, 1 hired on a Dutch Merchantman 'take. The rope I held proved to be a'.
but owing to continued sickness it was
deemed improper for me to rontinue oc
the sen. I therefore disembarked at Bata
via and was put in the caie of an estima
ble Dutch family where I soon so far re
covered as to think of going again to sea.
1 tlieretore sought a berth designing to
come to America by way of the Cape of
Good Hope and Liverpool but could nnd
no good cpening indeed there was but
one vessel in port which would start to
burope for some months, and she having
been used many years in the fisheries of
the South Pacific was the morest bulk, en
tirely unseaworthy. Her commander,
however, becoming tired of the sea, had
determined to return to Amsterdam and
retire from business. He was confident
in the fitness of the Liebline her namo
for another voyage and had resolved
once more to trust his treasure and family
to her keeping on the ocean wave. I saw
that it was perilous to embark yet there
was no alternative either 1 must go with
her or remain in the sultry climate of Ja
va. I chose to embark and trust lite
to God and the Liebling.
Fair was tho morning and kind thega'o
as losing of Butavia, we turned our bark
to the wide Indian Ocean. Smoothly at
first we passed but as we left '.1.6 Islai.d
and got fairly to sea it was wilh no little
apprehension that we heard the timbers of
iheship groaning and creaking as sue
rose and sunk amjng the long and increa
sing waves. Indoed when wo reflected
that we had more than tout inonsanu rnues
to traverse ere wo should reach the Cape,
we could not avoid likening the hoarse,
deep groans issuing from the hold of out
ship, to tne cempiaints oi a uropsioa oiu
man on the approach oi nchinyana windy
winter. Tedious days and weeks passed
by, and as they passed, the creaking and
tiembling and leaking of the Liebling in-
i , ' i . 11. J !.!!. I
creasea wntie ino oes roimu iiigiiar&iiu we
got farther from land. Some of the pumps
hid been .worked from the first, but now
when many of the seamen were sick we
had to work every pump day and night.
Thus days of anxiety were passed and we
were vet far from the Cape. Moat of the
crew had become unfit for service and it
swiftly spsda by me as lwts drawn along progress. In I8l)2, Ohio took her pogi
Hon as an lmiependeut Commonwealth a
mong the sisterhood ofStucs, and in a
little more than bfty years, she has risen
to be i lie second great powerin the Union,
and wields a national and political influ
ence superior to all the btaiei except iew
York.' Her reioul?ea ut tnasjiL ffcua-
perity and greatness, her attention to
schools and intellectual culture, lu-r pro
gress in social civilization and enjoyments,
and her Christian means of culture, have
carried her forward in the race of im
provement and greatness, until she has
become the pride of her own citizens, and
the admiration of surrounding States and
nations. We doubt whelhor, on the fce
of the globe, there are a more independ
ent, prosperous nnd happy people thai
those who dwell in the great State of Ohio.
They have all they need, in material, ed
ucations! and Christian means, to make
them contented and piospurom. and these
they have, in a good measure, appreciated
The late Report of Mr. Mansfield, the
State Commissioner of Statiniies, presents
a very full and suggestive expu.-e of the
material, educational and Christian con
dition of Ohio, during the p,isl year. It
is a very interesting and instructive Slate
document, and worthy of being univers
ally read, and preserved for lutme refer-
lachcd to a large empty wine-caBk, nnd
the wind beating ou this was the power
which towed me through ihc water. I was
now fearfully chilled, and this new disap
pointment threw mo into utter despair.
There was one hope. I knew that I could
not be fur from the cost, and provided the
wind blew on, and did not dask
me to pieces on the rocks, I might yet be
saved. It now must have been near day
light. The sky Was mddv in the north
east, the sea was more calm, and s I arose
on abillow-ctest,! thought I described
land. But it was far distint. llouis
long hours, pa-sed ere the land came near.
The sun hid nearly reached the west ere
I was released from tho fear of destruction
on the coast. Slowly I was driven befoic
the dyinc; gale into a little Dav, at the
mouth of a mountain torrent, and as tho once. It u fortunate for Ohio ihui the of
twilight began to paint the aky, I caught IS, e ol Commissioner of Statistics fell into
uie long grass wnicu lined me uay, unu line ranns oi so aoie ana morouii a man
bade farewell to my rope and cask. It wis , as Mr. Mansfield. He is not only a ripe
somtime before I Could use mv chilltd scholar and philosopher, but a most rare
limbs, and I found what I had not
thought ofon the ocean that I was weak
from the want of food, and very thirsty.
CJNCLCDED NEXT WXEK.J
Tom Corwlu oc the Homestead Dill.
We extract tha following instructive
paragraph from a late speech ol Mr. Cor
win iu Philadelphia:
Now let us see what the Democracy
North and South would have us do. 'Oh!'
they say, ''the doctrine of the Constitu
tion is (settled; slaverv is now in every
territory of the United States;" that is, as
tho lawyers would say, it is there, "Dy
intendment of law;" it iseootnliii e in fact, , a-ffosi occurring every month In the year
ful and accurate collector of facts in sci
ence, history and statistics, and as an of
ficer of Ohio, he does his work, con umore,
with a heartfelt enthusiasm. He has l6en
a citizen of Ohio for neaily fifty year,
and has watched her progress with the
eye of a philosopher, and with a filial
pride. Kia rcpoits, therefore, are able
His third annual exhibit of ilie statis
tics of Ohio, is very full and fa'islantory.
He groups together the facts relative to
Climatology, whic h is intimately connect
ed with the wealth and prosperity of the
Slate. The most remarkable ftct is the
number and severitv of the frosts ofl859;
! .1 . I .1.. I......l
was ev oeus irous uro iwkisiu ,.uuiiitu . - .,, , ,
ance of the Captain that he'despairod of 7- thtS9 irnh
hie life, treasure and family. You shall ? Ih.tu their ob;
Boon see how sadly his forebodings were
At 6 o'clock P. M., August 13th, our
captniu announced that we were about fif
ty n ilea East ol Cape St. Mary, Mada
gascar, that a storm was threa.cned and
lhatthe passengers need not retire. As
he ppoko the laHtj words his voice fultered
and we saw the saddening anxiety which
disturbed his bofioin. For some days the
ship hud become more and more uman
ageable and her bold was half full of wa
ter; and all tho pumps could not gain on
it. Wild was the wind and black the
olouds which rose and threatened us from
the South East. At 1 1 o'clock the sea
was fearfully routrh and tho wAter fuel
gaining on the pumps. It was cluaruow
that we should siuk; tho gale hurrying
us toward tbe shore, the ship could not
tack from the Island, and the captain had
lost all hope and ceased to give orders,
All on board was contusion aud despair;
yet, scarce a voice was heard. The cap
tain with one or two seamen were mnxing
ready the beats, four in number, but it
was bvident that such boats could not hold
out on such a sea; and if they oould, it
would be impossible to leave the linking
wreck without being capsized by the des
pairing seamen who would leap aboard.
I therefore sought no plaoe in tbe boats
but bound on my life-preserver and await
ed the event. One by one the boats were
lowered, and by good luck all but the one
next to tho Inat got ont without capsizing,
The captain and family left in the second
They all instantly disappeared in tbe black
night Hi, cb adued new noriur to tne
scene. I foT they all perished save tbe
last boat which will be beard ot hereafter.
One or two huge seas now rolled over
the sinking hulk, washing the dozen des
pairing sailors and myself Over the keel
and into the vaei deep. I had bo long
contemplated this last scene that I had a
waited it with coolness. Yet, as I felt the
cool waves swallow me up and bear me
and ii will not go there. Out Democratic
people all propose lo vote against this
Homestead bill. Why? Because their
Southern leaders tell them they must do
it. "If you give a quarter section ol lmd
to (lie poor man and his young wife, thou
sands of such couples thioughout the
country will flock to those territories, and
they will volo slavery out
have the Douglas dooirine of squatter
sovereignty, or the Drcd Scott doctiine,
I that whilo the territory continues in a terti
torial conditi jn you cannot exclude slave-
tbe Homestead bill
Let us look nt tho two stales of society
on the one siJe, tlvat whijh the Demo
cratic party would inaugurate in our fice
territory, and on the other that wincn the
lluuuh heas nronoso to establish. J lie
Southern man does net want a quarter
section of land, becvise it is not enough
fur his purpose. He wants about two
thousand acres, on whlch' to work l.is tor
or twenty uegroes; and if ho cannot obtain
that ho will not go to those territories.
Now, take twelve young men and twelve
young women, married yesterday, let eaidi
couple have their one' hundred and sixty
acres, and you have about two thousand
acres on which twelve families me grow-
inr? nn under these Christian institutions
of ours. Every one of the boys will in
lime ba a vnter. to rule vou and mc.
Let one man from the bonth take his
two thousand acres, lo cultivate it with
his twenty-five or thiity regrocs, and
what have you thercr ion havo one
white familv with two or three children
you have alsj u negro family of fifty or
sixty growing up around you. Thero is
no e-chool house; none is wanted, lor tney
do not allow negroes to go lo school. A
foreign young woman is imported, frcm
Vermont, perhaps, to ttach the young la
dies of the family nuch lilorature aa may
te thought desirable. After a whilo the
two thousand hcrcs are covered over with
negro slaves. But let the Homestead bill
go into operation, and on tho3e two thou
sand acres vou have twcilve families. In
in many pai ts of the S.atc, the most severe
of which, as nttecting the crops, occur
ring on the morning of the 6th of June.
The Report states that Ohio has 25,-
000,000 of acres of land, ot which, in
1051), 10,610,000 acres were under cu'li
vaiion, proiliioir.g an average grain crop
of the last three vmre of 225:764.741
Whether we I buishi Is, besides the hay crop, which, in
185S, was 1,806,441 tone.
The population, January 1850, the Com
missioner estimates at juat 2,500.000,
giving the annual increase at 50,1)00.
The number of new etructuies erected
during tho year, is about 9,200, includ
ing harna, &e. The average ea'e of lands
are M. 000 acres per county, nt an aver
age of $21 per acre, which would ba equal
to selling tl.c entire area of the Slate in
every twelve years. The amount of the
segregate valuation of the property in
1853 was ?f!4ft)nn9,C08 ol laxalion
culabU importance for tbe regulation of
their conduct, that men should under
stand the science of life, physical, mental,
and social, and that they ehould under
stand all othet tcrcBce at a Lev to tbe
sconce oi me.
And yet tho knowledge which it of such
trauaft nd&vl vaitM it thalwiib,, to our
age of boasted education, rec eived the
leist ait-nt on. While this which we
cull civilization could never hare arisen
had it not b-cn for science; ncieoce forms
scarcely an appreciable rlenuht in what
men consider civilized training1. Though
to the progresa of science we owe it, the
millions find support where once there
was fond only for thousands; yei of thetra
mill one, but a few thousands pay any re
spect to that whh'h has made ih'eir exiat-
ence possible. 1 hough this increasing
knowledge of the proprietUa and relation
of things has not only enabled wandering
tribes to grow into populous natn, but
has given to the countless members of
those populous nations,comforts und pleas
ures which their few naked anceHors nev
r even conceived, or coull hae believ
ed; yet is this kind of knowl.dge only re
ceiving a grudging recognition in our
highest educational insliiu'.iona.
'Disaolvln the I'nlorj."
The Knickerbocker Magazine has tire
following, which is nut bad, either aa a
story or a Bpeech:
During the exciting campaign of lC5 ,
n Illinois, a prominent politician made a
disunion speech at U'lincy. At er he was
through aud bciore the crowd dieperand
a man who styled himself "Tire Aforesaid
M. D." was called for. He was lifted
upon the platform, so "elevated" tl.at he
could not stand without holding on to
something. He said.
' Gentleman and ladies, you re lalkin'
of dissulvia the Uuiun; you can't de it;
if you go to you can t do it! Thar'a
thai are flag a wavin up llisr, calUd the
Star Spangled Banner; how ye a goin' to
divide that, ha? Are yea a goin' 10 give
tho start) to the Aorf and
the Soul'? Nosir-ree
"And thar'a that good old toon that tire
band's rplayin' Out triarrr caBed'"Ya'iikee
Doohle; how ye a goin ' to div'de that, eb?
Are ye a goin' lo give the Yankee to tbe
Norf and the Doodle to the Souf? I say
boldly, the thing can't be did I Cheers
"And thar s that stream ol waier a-rnn-nin'
down thar, called the "Fa'hers-o'-Wotiers;"
how are ye a goin' to divide
thai' Aie ye a goin' lo dam it up wilh Ma
son anil Dixon'e Line? I say you can't do
that tliiuj l WhI, yoa ran 1 1 ICheeis.l
"And thar'a the railroad layin'ovithar;
how ye a-e-oio to divide Ma eh? Are you
goin' to tin it up with Mason and Dixon's
Line: You can t do it Cheers, j
"And thar's all the fasthos-ies siandln'
round here; how ye a-goiu' to divide then?
eld horses I Are ye a-goin, to run, 'em
North and ran 'em South, and ruB'eiuEast,
and run'em W6i? Cheers.
''And iliar's all the handsome wimmtn
round here; bow are ye a goin' to divide
them? Are you goin to giVe the old ones
"OTER tne river. r : .
Cvr the rivenbey beckon e me
LovMloavs who've erawee tae farther aldn';
Ib.gluamoftlielr snowy rubes I sea.
Hut their voieesar drswn'sl ra the ra string tides
TtKr'eae with ringlets of sunny gold, .
A4 eyes, lb rwfteeUeti of heaven "sown Use,
He eroased in twilight rreyaud sold, -
Aisd the pale ssl hidalsa from mortal viewt '
We saw not tbe angels who met Mas there
Tbst gat of the eily are anald at seel
Over tbe river, over the river, ',.'
slybroiher stands waiUng to welcome .
Over tb rtrer the boatman pate.
tarried aiioH,er tbe feoaaebold pet;,
Her browe eurrs waved In the gentle lle-
Darling Minnie! J see her yet. '
She crossed oa her bosom her dimpled bands.
And fotrlesely entered lbe phiDTom hart,
W e watched li glide fioaa the silver sands,
And all ear euashiee grew strangely dark. , , '
, ow she is safe an the further side,
Wnere all the ransomed Bad angels has
Over Use river, the myatic river,
Aij aaaMdaMitasolas wauie Cm aa. -.
For bob retora from these ealet shores,
v bo cross with Ihe ooalma cord aud pale:
W e hear the dip of the golden ears,
And eetch a glimpse or tbe snowy sail.
Amllo? taeykave paas'd from ear yearning hearta) -
I bay cross tne stream, and are gone (or aye:
We may not sunder the veil apart.
That bides Irotn eurvlsioa tbe galea of day.
We only know, 'hat their barks no mote
May Bail with oa o'er life'a stormy sea:
But somewhere, I knew, on the ansae a shore,
ih.y watca.and beckon, and wall for a.
And t ill and tain, lrhe the sunset's goia '
Is flushing river, and hill, and abore,
I shall one day stand by the water cold.
And list for tha sound of the boatmau'a east
I saaH watch for a gleam of the tapping salt;
1 abaH hear the boat aa R gams Uis strand;
I shall pass from algbt with the boatman pale,
To me better hore of tbe spirit land:
1 shall know the loved who bare gone before
And joyfally sweet will the meeting be,
V'ben over the river, the peace! river,
'Ihe Angel of Death sharl tarry ae
Needed for a world ofionocence with
out titer, what would be a world of tin
Thcrt would oe no pause for considera
tion, no check to passion, no remission of
toil, no balm of care? lie who had with
held ibee, would have foi8aken the earthl
Without thee, he had never p-Wen to ns
the Bible, and Gospel and Spirit! Wa
salute thee aa thou corneio to us in tha
name of the Lot d radiant in the sun
shiae of that dawn which broke over a
nation's achieved Woik-marcbing dowa- .
ward in the track of time, a pillar of re
freshing cloud and guiding flame inter
weaving witl. all thy light, new beams of
discovery and promise, until thou atand
est forth more when reflected in the dews
imbibed by the flowers of E Jen more
awful than when the trumpet rang of thee
in Sinai. - The Christian Sabbath!. Lilt
its Lord, it but rises iu Chrittiauity, and
henceforth recordb t e rising day. And
never eince the tomb of Jesas was. bant
nnps fiv liim whrivwieail tirl ma lina tm
and lire Stripes to dsy awakened but as the light of Seven
; the thing can't be days, and with healing in its wingsl-
Hever has it nniolded without aome wit
ness and welcome, tone toae aati saluta
tion! It has been from the first noiil new
the sublime custoji ot the church of God 1
Still the outgoings of its morning ark its
evenings rejoicel It has been a day of
heaven upon erih! Life s sweetest calm,
poverty's birth-right, labors only 'vestl
Nothing has such a stamp of antiquity oa
it! Nothing contains ia it such a. bieto-"
ryl Nothing draws along with it such a
glory! Nurse' of virtue, s-al of truth!
The household's richest patrimony, tltt
nation's nobUst 6a'eguar 1 1 Tbe pledg
of peace, the fountain of intelligence, the
strength ol law 1 The oracle ot instruc
tion, the ark of mercy! The patent of,
manhood's spiritual greatness. The hat
hing-er of our sod's snnetiied perfection.'
Th glory cf religion, ihe watch-rower of
immortalitv. The ladder set upon .earth,'
and the top of it reacheth to heaven, With
the angel of trod ascending and descend"
iug upon it- Hamilton
Tho debt of the Slate is SIC, f 00,000; , to the Norf. and the young ones to the
and the debt of tlm peoole in th iiygre- Souf? Waal, you don't! If you go to
gate ?IS9,593,34C, which is only alum 7 thunder you can tdoitl immense cneer
per ccut on the property. I'"g-J
The marringun ot the Stale lor lb.i'J, "Ana mar s an ine ieauierea ir.oe inn
were 20,505 quite a smill number for othr birds flyin' about here, and the
the whole people. The paunem support-1 chickens and egg's-naet, and the yaller-
ed bv public charities and inatiiuiions legs and the black-legs; bow you goin
are 19,183. to divide tl em, eh? Are you gmn to
The educational statistics are hopeful; give pullets to the JNorf and the cocxs to
for all the truo interests of the State.
The government grants for public schools
the Souf? " fTremendi us Sheering. 1
Our reporter could bear no more, lor the
were 710,471 acres, und for colleges, 69,-' roar ol laughter which eiisnel.as the"Uoc-
f children and : tor caved in and leli lioin tne piauorm.
121 ncrcs; and the numbero
youth in all schools, seminaries and col
leges, literary, theologicnl, legal and med
ical, 630,459; and tho ontire cost of their
education about one million of dollars per
Much other useful information is pre
sented in this Report, and wo advise our
tenders if possible, to obtain a copy. We
may refer to these interesting statistics
again, but out columns forbid any further
referencoor remarks at present. Ltlanon
Value of Science.
The Westminister Review, in conclud
ing a vnluablo and suggestive artiJle on
obedience to the divine in unction, "Be the qu. siion, -v nai Knowieuge iso i n
fruitful, multiply and replenish the earth,"
iheie will in tho course of a few years be
tlrny or forty cliildriirr.-:. There will be
two or throe school houses, in which all
of these children may bo taught tho ele
ments of a trood EiiL'lish education. In
stead of five or six people, with forty or
fifty negro slaves, who are treated as more
brutes or capital, you have raised up for
ibis republic fifty or sixty honest, inde
pandent, weil eduoated Iree men and free
women, with churches ane. scnooi nouses,
A Beautiful Picture.
A mother teaching her child to pity, it
an object at once the most sublime and
tender that the imagination can conceive.
Klevatod above e trtbly things, she aeejat
like one ol thnsa guardian aogels, the
companions of our eartbly pilgrimage,
through whose ministration we art incit
ed lo good and restrained from evil. The
i age ot the mother becomes associated
in his miud wilh the invocation she taught
him to his "Father who is in heaven.'
When the eeduotions of the worid tssail
his youthful mind, tl.at well remembered
prayer to h'u "Father who is in heaven,"
w ill strengthen him to resist evil. When
in riper years he mingles with mankind
and encounters fraud under the mask of
honesty; when he sees confiding goodness
betraye l, generoiity ridiculed as weak
ness, unbridled iiaireu. ana itie comm
most worth? says the Verdict o all (he
courts and the uniform reply is, 'Science.'
For direct solf-preservation, or the main
tenanee of life and health, the all impor-
anr. kriouledtre is Science. For that
Imlirnnt self nrescrvalion which we cull of interested friendship, be mal indeed
gaining a livelihood, tbe knowledge cf, bo tempted to diapiso his fellow-men; bnt
Greatest value i-seiencc. for the due ihe will rememoer nit ratuer wuu is in
off into the black night, I felt a thrill of ij,6 on6 Educate ihe in ellect, the other
horror, such as you can never adequately
concieve without the experience. As 1
went down, my limbi were caught by what
I thought weie denizens ot the sea, but.
wardness, hia ctteokt were washed with after reflection, concluded to be my per
nltprnata innra of iov and crief. At mv iehinir follows. With maddened struggles
request he now gave me a brief history of I esoHpad from their grasp, and soon found
himself Ahd lor my soul i cannot avoia myseii ou uieauriaoe, uaoueu ujhiciwuij
believing to the letter, even to this day, orestt ot the angry deep. One) slight me
every item of the strange and thrilling
narrative, which I cannot do better than
give in bis own words. ".
It wat now near 1 1 o'clook at Itigat and
the wild November wind beat and bowled
madlu around the trembling house, ever
and anon muoh to our disoomfort tending
a gust down the chimney. My tttange
truest in a bollotT but melodious voice
teorio eletn cast a fearful light on the.
aoane of desolation, and by that gleam 1
neath the eurftet. Such was the last ol
the Lieblmgrand the Csptntn't treature.
But now what atoene of despair lay be
fore mel It was Impossible that I should
sink whilt my preservers remained me,
yel the agitation of the water,' the wild
to Influence the conscience. All over the
land, in all ihe free Slates of this Union,
yqu w'dl find wherever you go these
hu'reiiBir, Their spires pointing to heaven.
ThlJ' are tbe lightning rods that draw
away from tv sinful raco the Wrath of an
offended God. Place on (he tiact of ter
ritory which I have niftntionod, your one
family with forty negroes, and you have
-to school house, no church. That is the
difference, tov Democratio brother, be-
si.w the rigging of tbe ship disappoar-beTfween thu bated Black Republican policy
and thatjwhich you propote to inaugurate
through th instrumentality of your boast
ed Dcmooratio party, " ; ' ' "
' :y IVhy is Tom Saysrs liks ths Sun?
Because h goes down.
discharge of parental functions the prop
er guidance is to bo found only in Sci
ence. For that interpretation ol national
life, past and present, without which the
citizen cannot rightly regulate his con ;
duot, the indispensable key is Science.
Alike for tho most perfect production ands
highest enjoyment of art in nil its forum,'
the needful prepaiaiion is still Science.
And for the purpose of discipliue intel
lectual, moral, religious ihe most effi
cient study is, once more Science. The
question which at nrst seomeu po per
plexod, hut becom, in the courso ol our
inquiry, comparatively simple. Wo have
not to estimate ilii degrees of importance
ol diffaWht ordorsjof human activity, and
diffuraht studies 4ft severally fiitiocr u f"r
them'; since we nnd that me stuay oi
SoifJnee, in tbe most coroprehoneive meaa
inf, Is the best preparation, for all these
onders ol activity, , : -.'
We have not to decide between tue
Should ho. on the contrarv, abandon
himself to the world and allow the seed of
self love to sprinz up and flourish in his
heart, he will, notwithstanding, tome
times hear a warning voice in the depths
ol his toul, severely tender at those ma
ternal lips whioh instructed him to bis
"Father who is in heaven." But when the
:riU of life are over, and he may be ex
tended on the bd of death, with no other
eoHidi.: ;un bat ti e peace of an approving;
: , ... - -
conauionce, lie will recall th toenet oi
hit infancy, tho image of hie mother, and
with tranquil canfidenee will resign hw
soul to Him who died that we might live
the liodeemer of tbe world.
Whatever else is flat, bonnets re
looking up; . ; . ., , . . ,
trTtn poor men can sleep tranquilly
upon mat; but two kings eao't ljt at
ease tn a quarter ot the world.
The Trial ot onr Faith.
Till tried. We know not bow little faith
we have Faith must be put ia the scales
with something very near our hearre---yes,"
with what isrtfurtirf, for it must tiill fee
"more than ihse." The furnace must b
healed in proportion to the increase of our
faith. Is it becauec God Willi.igly afflicts?
No, bui the tril of faith Btr- Bgtnens; faith
itroaa. The trial is nrociout
to God, more pitoions than gold, because
it shall endure. Ii is bit riches, his trea
sure precious t him ia ii to have proof
from his hild"Lord, thou knoweit all.
things, thou kuow-sl that I love thee."'
It not every painful providenct a messen
ger direct from ihe throne to onr hearts-
a ministering tpirit tentfotth to the heirs
of salvation? It brings this message No w
I will put home the question in a way that
shall be felt. Are w ready to say, I.
oould have borne anything but thia? Then
let us remember that thegrenWbt muancss
God can do ut is to beat the furnace to
the utmost. He is iu fact theu saving.
Great it thy faith." Litt'e furntoveare
for little faith. And is not trial valuable
even to earth affection?
Dowenott-ize every opportunity io
give proof to expr-stioos of love? Ohl
let us oount ihe cost when we tuy, we be
hove. I', it a word ol deep meaning in tue
dictionary of Ood. '
Comfort and Cotinoil. t
Grace, mercy, and peace H with you,
I am well, and 1 verity oouut more of the
sufferings of my Lord than of this world s
lustre and over-gilded glory. I daie not
say but my Lord hath fully recompensed
my sadness with hit joys, mj Iohms with ;
his own presence. I find it a sweet and
rich thing to exobangc my sorrows with. ,
Chrifct't joyt; my sffliotions with that
sweet peaoe I have wilh himself. Go on,
my detr brother, in the strength of the
Lord: put Christ's love to the trial, and
put upon it burdens, and then it will ap-
pear love indeed. We employ tot nit iov, f
and therefore we know it not.' Let us be
faithful, aud care for our ofii psrh "' -
it to do and suffer for him; sua ay vt
. v:.if lflirall mere. - .
pare ou ui;nau,.,
events bow uv
ties are oura,
our faith goeth to mile with eventt, and ,
to quetiion God's proridenM, snd begin
. H 7 ..ii. L :inr,An fin this and '
ninff to say " "" . . ,
that?" w. lose ground. Wtb.nnoiW
to do there. ' I i ottf part to let the A
mighty extrcite hitowu ofllco.'-iS. flutter