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THE UNION OF THE STATES-ONE COUNTRY-ONE DESTINY:
LANCASTER, OHIO, THURSDAY, NOV. 1, 18G0.
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JOHN W. CU.ININGHAM.of Hocklnt Township.
- M..I i .Bi,,,.WM.'w WHITNEY, JOHS
WILLIAMS and URIAH C. RUTTEK.
THIS WICKliT GATE.
Mid the last falling shadows,
Wsry,and worn, and 1 ito,
A timid, doubting pilgrim,
I reached the wicket gsta.
Wbsie .crowds have stood bofoio me,
sf standalone to-night,
And, In the deepening darkness,
Pray for one gleam of light.
From the foul sloughs and marshes
I've gathered many a stain;
fv,e heard old voices calling
. From far across the plain.
Now, in my wretched weakness,
Fearful and sad I wait;
And every refuge falls me,
Here at the wicket gate.
And will Hie portals open
To ma who roamedjio long;
Filthy, and vile, and burdened
, With this great weight of wrong?
Hark! a glad voice of welcome
, 0lds my wljd fears abutp
Look, for a band of mercy
Opens the wlckol gate.
On to the palace Beautiful,
, And the bright room called Peace;
Down to the silent river,
Where thou shall Ind release;
Up to the radiant city,
Whore shining ones await
On,, for the, way of glory , , .,
Lbs tWugh the wicket gste.
From the Irving Hagailne.
BY GRAHAMS ALLEN.
m I : ., T.- - '
After all that may be said against the
so-called "oode of honor," its firsl princi
ple is still devoutly believed in by most
nouraaeous men. even in the intelligent
Toe ola wca.oiwagcr oy piiiw ia pi.
prevalent now ,as it ever was.' If
rown oalls. Smith a iiar, ten to one, un
less Smith is pbvsically deficient and a
(raid of Brown, he will set upon that rash
speaking person, and a duel, thcugh with
fists, is ;he result.
, T a.bsurdity. however, of attempting
to prove oneself in the right, op any mor
a or mental question, by bruising or
wounding those who di tier, is palpable;
rind1 eo arn'onjf the clearest reasoning mon,
"the satisfaction of a gentleman" has fall:
en into a wholesome disuse. Youth, hot
blood and vanity the fear of Doing con
sidered timid apetho ouly poweiful in
centives noW-a-daya tp the practice of du
elling; but, alas, (ar ,too powerlul and far
too freauent of operation.
nay iriena ueoy, , jlluui-wvuu nno n
sensible man on mosi.points. Culiivatcd,
refined, intelligent,' and possessed of acer
tain nameless charm of manner that made
him a vivacious and appreciative con pan
ion, he could boaet more personal friends
than almost any other man I ever knew.
But he had a great admiration of cour
age, and especially of that kind that lead
the soldier U) seek
"the bobble, reputation,
Even In the cannon's mouth."
r r 1 ?r T , . .1 .(. a
Moreover, he had a strong love of appro
bation, and nothing called mm ao niucn
as the bare potsibility, even, of being
thought laoking in this same brute brave
ry. Of coarse then he acocpted the code of
honor, as lain down by the Galway Con
vention. We often had long discussions
00 tbe subject, and 1 spent all my sub
tlest arguments upon hfm, but in vain.
1 told bim how I saw the matter thm if
a man deserved to die by my hand, I
should kill him at once, without giving
him a chance for his esoape shoot him
down lik a mad dog, wherever I met
him. . If, on the oontrary, I had any
doubt about bit deserving suoh a fate, it
would be awfully criminal for ma to run
tbe risk of injuring him.
"You rre very logical." said he, "but
ribf very convincing. If the time should
eome, you would go out with your man as
oheerfully as Colonel Bowie used to.
Sophistry is all very fine. It is a part of
your proiession. But courage is much
finer, and I believe you to be a courageous
Itr tLe course of timo George married a
littlo friend of mino a young, flighty
girl, who never knew her own mind for
two days together. The courne of true
love ran dreadfully rough with them.
The match was broken off, on an average,
about twice a month, and their letters and
pictures returned, with full and solemn
assurances on both sides that no loconcili
ation should ever take place between them.
Finally, however, after an unusually stor
my quarrel, healed by an unusually tender
forgiveness, they suddenly concluded to
put an end to such follies, by marriage.
Some people are bore to be unhappy in
their matrimonial relations, and I believe
that my friend and bis were of that kind.
They were both high-spirited, sensitive,
and changeable in feeling. George loved
the girl most passionately, but was easily
vexed by her. She, I think, was ineapa
t le of a deep and lasting love. The cle
ment of stability of long adherence to
anything was wanting in her character.
No doubt she loved George as much as
she possibly could, when she married hira,
but three days afierwards she may have
experienced a total revulsion of sentiment.
"What would you do, Allen, he once
asked me, "if you were marrivd, and dis
covered that your wife was false to you?"
"Well, I can't say. 1 never was mar
ried, and from present appearances it
seems doubtful if I ever shall be."
"But, with yourfine philosophy, that
makes fools of wise men, wise men of fools,
proves black to be white, and white to be
nothing at all, you oer tuiuly ought to have
some idea as to your course in such a
"Well, I think that if I found my wife
loved another man better than me, and
that they had an understanding on ihe
subject, I should request her to go to the
man of her choice. 1 conUn't piuke her
love me by keeping her from lura, and I
couldn't prevent hor from loving him,
very easily. 1 hcrefore, as 1 don t be
lieve in living with a woman without love
on both sides, I should send her .at once
to my rival if that is what you call a man
whom some woman prefers to you."
"1 knew you would nave some cold
blooded theory about itl"
Cold blooded it may bo; sensible it
Yes, that s the trouble with you. iou
are bq eonfouododly sensible that you seem
to have no human impulses loll in you.
, "Not inauy. I don't think much of im
putes as a general thing. They are al
ways leading a fellow into folly."
"Pity you hadn't lived in the days of
the ancients. You would nave made a
splendid Stoio. Foui.ded a new school of
oauve piiiiosopny, mosr. naeiy.
There seemed to be something wrong
with my friend, and I eould not help won
daring if his question, concerning the
IllUUrlUJ Ol WIVeP, 11 KU ,I1UI BUUIO llfliucui-
ald bearing. A few daya Showed me that
my half suspicion was true. George r ame
t,o me one night, pale, haggared, excited,
and tvidently in a state of tbe most terri
ble suffering. 11a had received anony
mous letters informing him that his wile
bad conceived an nltaohment to a rakish
young fellow named Warren, who was in
the habit of visiting the house tn ami de
fomilli. Jealousy was not one of George's
strongest tiailtiee, but a little lnvestiganon
proved to bim that there wore grounds for
tho bfl el. Women are not skillful at con
cealing love, and in a quarrel between the
young couple, odious comparisons between
the husband and Warren were made so
pointedly that the green eyed monster was
at once awakened.
I advised calm and quiet.
"Get over this 6rst shock," I said, "and
let things, take thejc course. You can
soon prove tho truth or falsity of your
suspicions. For my own pait, I do not
believe there is any truth iu them. It
seems to me thai lUeo is thoughtless, but
From that day; lleorge kept a cioae a
watch upon his wife as was consistent with
his highminded ideas ol honor. He scorn
ed to play the epy, but his own peale de
manded tnat the facts should bu made plain,
and he consulted every gesture, every
glance, every movement of his wife while
vvarren was present. , .
Too i soon, alas 1 he found lhatthc anony
mous letters had s'ated only the truth.
Affairs were really much worse than he
Witnin an hour of the discovery, ho
dispatched a chellengo to Warren, and
came to ask me to act aa his friend.
, I reasoned the whole ground over again
with him, but to no purpose. He said
that he wanted toe hoot ihe man who haJ
destroyed his happiness and his homo, yet
he could not be an assassin, ., it 1 would
not aland up with him, -somebody else
would, for he was determined ; but he had
much rather have mo than any other man
ho knew. , . , i
. Feelintr that this waa llaMo to, be th
last favor lie might ever ask of me on
earth, and having no prejudice against
duelling, beyond the philosoplncai knowi
edize of its absurdity, abovo stated, I con
eiited. lndoed, it was useless to mane
further efforts, to ,disuado him. lie was
bound to fight, jf Warren dared to meet
him. If not, he avowed his determination
to cowhide him iu tho streets, and if he,
attempted to return tho assault, to shoot
htm down in cold blood.
Warren, however, immediately aocont-
ed the challenge, choosing ptHtpla as the
weapons, and naming a neighboring nelii
as the ground he pieferred- I have had
10 do with several affairs, before now, and
have heard of many more, but I never
knew nothing so smoothly and quietly ad
justed as this. Wanen's friend was an
expert havinc; fought four times himselt,
and I found him an excellent man to gel
ulnnrv with tn malrinrv ilia Aprnna'AmAntk.
- - "'j, r 1 n ;
The morning was cool and bracing, but
with the soft, delioiouslv torno air ot Uo
tober. The green of the olover-stubble
and of the cedars that surrounded the field,
made beautiful contrast with the ruaset,
cold, brown and crimson of the other fo
liage. A broad belt of pale orange, in the
East, flanked by a low bank of purple cloud,
showoU that the sun was about to rise.'as
we walked across the field, in the mellow
mornipg light, to a clump of ancient trees,
hear which the encounter . was to take
Within a few minutes of our arrival.
Warren and his second also appeared, with
a surgeon and two others, friends of botb
parlies. Warren's second won the choice
of position, but I placed my man so that
the cedar trees kept the full blaze of the
- 1 I IT I
rising sun irons nis eyes, us was paie,
but tremendously plucky. Not a tremor,
not a hurried motion betrayed anything of
his feelings, lib give me a small packet
of papers legtl documents relating to nig
property, letters to lin frienos, etc. and
bado me a conditional tare wall. I pressed
his hand, placed him with his back to a
massive chesnut-tree, gave him his pistol,
and withdrew a low paces, to where my
colleague stood. .
Warren had mischief in his face He
was frightened. Ho thought George
meant to kill him, and was plainly deter
mined to kill George if be could. Both
were good shots, and the distance was on
ly Gfteen paces. Warren's second was to
give the word, and at "Firel" I was to
drop a white handkerchief held at arm's
length, when both were to shoot as quick
ly as possible.
The words rang faintly on my ear, tlio'
spoken close to my side. I exteuded the
handkerchief and let it fall mechanically.
A sort of vertigo seized me, and I could
see nothing until I found myself on my
knees beside George, who lay upon the
ground leaning against the tree-trunk be
"Are you hurt, boy!" I asked.
"Yes. I cannot leave this field alive.
Goodbye. Tell Warren I am satisfied.
Tell Rosa tell her that thai
His voice changed, the sentence ended
in a Bigh; an ashy pallor came over his
handsome face; a slight tremor convulsed
his form, and he was dead.
The surgeon rushed forward,, and ar
rived Just as the last breath escaped from
the lips of the victim of , "honor." The
bullet had passed through the upper por
tion of the bcart,. severing the aorta, and
producing, of course, an almost instant
By one of those strange revulsions of
feeling that make the life of a weak-minded
woman such an extraordinary mass of
contradictions, Rosa was almost insane
with grief, and when Warren came to ask
her to fly with him, tur.ied upon hira with
a perfect torrent of soornful anathema.
Ho fled alone, never to ' return, and sbo
wept in weary widowhood a yeur, after
which she was consoled by a young cler
gyman, who led her to the altar and re
gretted it ever after.
lima was enacted a tragedy, which pro-
scuts a complete retume ofthn whole bu
stness of duelling, as X see it. lieorge
had been grievously wronged; therefore,
he must be killed, also. This is the logic
of the code. I oonfess that it makes me
angry to think that otherwise sensiblemcn
can accept such a monstrous and Belf-uv
Sociktv at Saratoga. Bayard Taylor
thus speaks of Saratoga in the height of
Aa for the manners of finch a plape,
there is not much to be said. You find
all the classes the refined, the snobbish,
and the vulgar which enter into tho oom-
potition of all society. The rich' families
have the boat rooms, and are best served
at table (they fee the waiters heaviest V;
the more moderate take the odds and ends
of accommodation: there are clans and
cliques and jealousies, as elsewhere, con
quests and, triumphs, hatred, hdelity, in
fidelity, love, marriage, divorce and death.
1 ho tragedy of lilo dances in the same Bet
with its comedy.. , ihe gentlemen have
t.heir ciile of tho veranda, where they ait
in aim-cbdirs, read tho New York papers,
smoke, and cock up their feet on tho rail-
nips; and the ladies theirs, where they
spread their tedder-tinted skirts, flutter
their fans, bend their swan-like necks,
and exchange sweet innuendoes. Out
wardly, all is gay, cheerful, innocent, fash
ionably Arcadian (which consists in turn
ing all out-of-doors into a diawing-room)
bui 1 could wish, tor my own private
benefit, that, as in the shapes in the Hall
of .hbliH, there wcro a pane of inass insert
ted in every bosom, showing tho currents
of the true and hidden life... I have no
doubt that I should findmaking all al
hwancos or education and association
lulluence of Authors.
The commentator guides and lights us
to the altar erected bv the author; but he
himself must, already have kindled his
torch at the flame which burnt upon it
And what are art and sci nee, if not a
runninir oommentarv on nature? What
are poets and philosophers but torch, bear
era lead in ir us through tho mazes and ro
cesses ol God's two maiestio temples, the
sensible and spiritual world? , Books, as
Drydun aptly termed them, are spectacles
to read nature. Uschylus and Aristotle,
Sh.iksdaare and Bacon, are priests who
preach and expound ihe mysteries of nan
and the universe Tuey teaon us tour.aer
stand and feel what we see, to decipher
and syllable tbe hieroglyphics of the sens
es. Do vou not, since you have read
Wordsworth, feel a fresh and more tho -
ful delight whenever you hear a ouckoo.
whenever you ace a daisy, whenever you
Dlav with a child? Have not Thucydidee
and Muchiavel aided you in discovering
th iidns of feelinir and the currents ot
passion by which events are borne along
the ocean of lime? Can you not discern
something more in man, now that you look
at him with eyes purged and unsealed by
gaaing UDon Sbakspeare and Pante? From
these terrestrial and celestial globes we
learn the configuration of the earth and
Z3TA printer, on seeing a bailiff olose
ly pursuing an unfortunate aulhor, re
marked, that it was a "new edition of tbe
'Pursuits of Literature,' and hot pressed."
A II aim; A It.
Ere we parted for tbe evening,
While I lingered In the lull
Ilulf doabling, when to leave her,
If 1 ever left at all
She asked me If 'twere Mutlble
To change my vole this full.
She knew me fora Democrat
Tbe roguish little elf,
Knew that I loved my party less
Less than 1 did herself;
bo she told me I might kiss her
If I laid 'Doug.' on the iMlf.
Could 1 lose an opportunity
Available as this?
Could I think of hesitating,
. Whc n I stood so near to blix
No! Egad 'i'uattr tk$ Vnion!
Bo 1 took the proffered kiss.
IProm tbe BpringSeld (Mass.) Republican.
UP THE LANE.
Bweet Margaret Fane came np tbe lane
From picking the red-ripe berries,
And mot young Paul, comely and tall,
Going to market 1f cherries.
Stopping, she blushed, and he looked flushed
Perhaps 'twas tho burden tbey carried;
When they passed on, their burdens were one,
And at Christmas they wore married.
Corrttfon&onct of las Cincinnati Commorcinl.
State Iteform School at Lnncaater.
Zakesvillk, October 13, I860.
Eds. .Com. Tne Ohio Roform School is
situated about five miles from Lancaster,
in a position appropriate both from iis
isolation as well as its commanding beau
ty. The road loading there is romantical
ly winding through chestnut and pine
groves, up and dowo steep grades, or ra
ther where there should be grading. In
one place, we saw a beautiful basiu, form
ed by the Burroucding hill sides, which
was noiiowea as graoi-tully and evonly by
Nature's hand as could have been done bv
But the particular beauty in the pio-
mm, nio uuuiiiinui lining ot many
tinted ahrubs and bushes closely packed
in with thousands of bluo and purple
The entire grounds attached to the Re
form School, cover over eleven hundred
acres, a noble endowmsnt, and ample for
. I, n , ,. . A
There are now 130 inmates, rangin? all
ages Irom 7 to 20. Soma may even be
younger than I bavo s'.aled. None now
are reoeived older ihan IG vearsof aire.
The' Institution is under the oharM of
uecrob uowe, aotins commissioner.
and a most admirable officer.
There are three principal btiil lmgs.and
others in the course of erection. On the
main building is a cupola, from which is a
magnificent view of thirty miles.
TVre are shoe and tailor" shops estab
lished, and a commendable interest U tak
en in the carpenter trads.
A 1 L -'- 1.- 1 -
aouuii to weens ago a nappy icature
was introduced among the exreisea, the
practice of drilling the boys in military
menus, a. ue oiuer ones are lormrd into
a regular soldier couipany,and go through
a good drill with ihe order and rapidity
of old veterans. Mr. Howe afforded his
visitors the pleasure of aeeing them pv
rude, flrjd all were lavish in their praises
The boys gave us, moreover, three hear
ty cheers. We all remarked what cheer
ul and nappy countenances thev Dosseas-
ed. They evidently like their home for
home it is, in every sense,
Ihe institution is yet in us infancy. Mr.
Howe having been connccied with it about
two years. I should think him admirably
fitted for the position he occupies. He is
capable of winning as well as command
ing reupcct, I was, told that cheapness
was especially looked to at first, in pur
chasing stock and materials lor the farm.
but now more true economical ideas are
acted npon, aud everything is improving
A good idea of the general aim and man
agemcnt of the Reform School, may be
gathered from the following ex'.racts from
the last Annual 11 port :
"1 wo public meetings are
leld weekly, when all moet together in one
room lor an interchange of thought and
I eling The boys often take a part in the
convorsition and diHcussioua. thus render
ing the (peelings more profitable and in
teresting than they otherwise would be.
The project of Temperance has been fully
discussed by tho boys. About four-fifths
of them have signed the pledge, affirming
that they will never again use tobacco or
intoxicating drinks. . Most of them used
tobaooo before entering the Institution, and
some of them knew what it was t,o gel
drunk. There is also, a weekly meeting
for prayer, which is utiended by only such.
as wish to be present. The boys take
much interest in ihese meetings, and we
trust they have been the means by which
many .have been enabled to sea their duty
to themselves and to QotL Qne family of
toys hold a short prayer meeting each
evening, just befiro retiring, being con-.
ducted entirely by themscves, each one
bearing his part. We loel that the ground
work of our 8U"C.'88 lies in the cultivation
of tbe principles' of roligipus truth, in learn
ing to lovo and serve God. Many of these
never had, before entering the Institution,
any of tho advantage) of a christian edu-
.Lj':. -..?: ... - i:,,l. AimA.
cation, ruu ll oiu'ims uov num.. uiuiuun
to get the eyes of their souls opon to ihe
great purooses and end of lilo. Our Sab-
balh School and mora! views occupy the
forenoon of each Sabbath, the regular
Chapel exeroises being iu the afternoon.
Tbe religious services in tho evening are
conducted by the officers of the Institu
tion. , , ,
"Many of theao lads novel had any op
portunities bifore tor obtaining loamicg;
they have been perishing for lack of
knowledge, and seize upon this, their first
privilege of drinking at the fountain, with
a teal that indicate a true thirst. A lit
erary society has been well sustained, by
them, cbd , most of the boys are very fond
"Our Library is quite small as ye'..
Tbe books having been gathered from dif
ferent sources manv having been dona
tionsare not as well selected as we might
wish. When a good library ol, well select
ed books oan be furnished, we shall ex
pert a deg re e of improvement that we cau
not now possibly obtain. A reading' room
has Loan established, io which ihe boytof
unexceptionable conduct, during the day,
nay spend and hour in reading the latent
papers. This, with some, is a atronK in
centive to correct deportment, ait is con
sidered a high honor to enioy ihis prtvi-
' John Dell on Slavery. ,
Out side of Hamilton couoiy, the. Bell
Everett party cannot be Aid to have had
any perc-ptihle I fe except in certain toon
ties up '.ho river, and particularly io the
Tenth District. Thciethe battle wis
maJe to turn, to somi extent, on the ac
tion of thin remnant s.f Americanism.
which was supposed to be chiefly power
ful in Srioto county Gkorob Ttaitxa,
Jisq., or rortarnouth, has reo lered gwd
service to the Republican cause by show
ing up some of the Pro Slavery positions
ol Mr. Bell, and by opposing the soph
hjtria of Mr. 0- F. Mooau. a Drofesaed
Bell Evere:t man, of that section, who0uVroor' But what does John Bell say
has been playing directly into tha hands 'aont these doctn'nesof Moore in a speech:
ol the Democracy. We subjoin somo cx-j "If the powerful North, without any
tracts from one of Mr. Tukner's sie-ches !f the feolings and reienlmenta naturally
escorted in the Ports
'ortstnouth Tribune, which
have a permanent value for all who de
sire to become acquainted with the real
opinions of Mr. Bell. These views of
the Tennessee statesman are such at his
own friends, t Nashville, have seen tit
to publish in a pamphlet for general cir
culation, (the "book" referred to below,)
and in thus reproducing them, we cannot
be accused of doing him or his patty any
We quote as above indicated.
MR. DELL ON SQUATTER SOVEKKIUXTr
Mr. Moore s'ated in his speech that he
was in favor of the doctrine ol Squatter
Sovereignty, or of letting the people of a
Territory settle the Slavery question for
themselves. Upon this proposition Mr.
T. staled that Mr. Moore was direotlv
opposod to John Bell. What says the
record? Mr. Bell says, in a speech deliv
ered in Congress upon the Compromise
oi I80U publisted in tins book. o. 20.
"As to the principle of "Squatter Sov
eignty,' I wish further to say, that in the
late contest between Gen. Taylor and
the honorable and distinguished Senator
irom Michigan, (Jen Cass. I it was dis
tinctly brought forward as an issue be-
fore tbe people of Tennessee. '
In that contest, in common with tho South
generally, they fthe people of TcnnesseeJ
rcpuutateu inn idea, mat a nandtul or any
humbdr of inhabitants, in a Territory of
the United States should have the power
granted io them by Congress of regula
ting tneir domestio institutions at their
discretion to deny to the citizen of one
suction ot thu Union the power to enjoy
his right ot property in s aves. We were
not prepared to rcveise and set aside tbe
previously established prartme and doc
trines of the Government, from 1789 to
that time. We could see ne peace, do
end of agitathn that was to result from
such a course. We thought that if a
Territorial Legislature should, in sona or
two years, establish or abolish Slavery,
the agitation of the question of Slavery
would still go on. We in Tennessee, at
ihat time believed wo were, advocating
principles and doctrines on this subject
approved in all the Southern Stales. The
principle then contended for was that the
people of a Territory, when they oome to
form their State Constitution, and then
only, were qualified to establish their do
FCRT11KII DENUNCIATIONS OF Till SAME DOC-
But'again p. 22 in another speech
upon the saua subj-ic.t, Mr. Bell denoun
ces this doctrine of Squatter Sovereignty
and calls it a national prize fight, and
shows that it is equivalent to turning the
inhabitants of a territory into a bull-ring,
there to fight and cut and slay each oth
er at will. This is his language:
"Without any far-fetched analogy, that
law may be said to have inaugurated a
great national prize fight. The ample
lists were regularly marked out they
were tho hiundaries of Kansas. Tha.two
great sections of the Union, the North
and the South were to furnish ilwi cham
pions and to be their barker. The prize
of victory was tn be a, Slave State on .the
one side and a Free S'ats on the other,
But as the victory was to be decided by
the number of the champions, to encour
age their enlistment and prompt, attend,,
ance, the prize o.t a choice, quarter seqiioq
of land at the minimum price, was to be
,i ., .1 . i,A i, .,;.. -:,i,a- 't
11 It ia not extravagant to assert ilia', had
the most inventive genius pf the age been,
called upon fcr a aeheme ol policy combi
ning all the elenionte of Slavery agitation
in such a manner as to insure tre great
est anipttnt. of. disorder, personal and
neighborhood feuds, botdijr disturbance
ind bloodshed in Kansas, leading at ihe
pains time, to permanent sectional alliens
lion, he could not have succeeded btlier limn
by adopting the prvvisium of the Eansat'Se-
MR. HELL EULOOIZES 8LAVERT
fo 185t, in a (speech upon Slavery, Mr.
Bell goes almost into raptures in view of
its miraculous benefits to society, he aay:
"Sir. your rich and v.aiAod .commerce
eiternal und inierna', your naviga ion,
your commercial marine, the nursery of
tho military, jour ample levenue, your
public credit, jour man'jracturer9, your
rich populous and splendid cities, ai),,all
may trace tp ibis institution uu tlie.fr well
spring,their present gigsntio proportions.
Surely, surely, exciaitiieu tue speaker,
Mr. Moore has not got this dolubion in
his head a'so.
He then stated that Mr, Bell was in
error as to the rnttse of.rfll .our. greatness.
and that he would lead, from the . .Chicago
Platform what Republicans say is the
oausu, and this will eeive to illustrate ihe
difference between the parlies. Section
3 reads as followto
"That to the Union of the States this
nation owes its unprecedented increase in
population, its surprising development of
material resources, its rapid augmentation
lof wealth, its happiness at home .and its
honor atrad, and e hold in abhorrooce
all achernes for disunion," dee.
Hru is the inaue; the Bell party is tor
slavery; we am for ihe Union now then
which is the Union part?
AMM1CAK PlATfoRM tS OHM VS. JOHS CELL.
The speaker theo stated that he would
how that 0. F. Moore and John Bell, if
both lell to ihemrelves, each to carry out
his own docttinn. would dissolve the
Union; and in proof of this, he read the
4th sectioo of the Cleveland platform,
passed by the American parly in their
S ate Convention in 185G, as full w;
"Slavery is local, net national; we op
pose its extension into any of the Terii
lories, and the increase ol i t political
oower hv the.rtmi.sinn int .hi. r.t
any more Sluvs. States, or otherwise'
' c " .. .. : ; , , 7 '
Now, Mr. Mitore stood npoo this plat
form himself io I860, and upon it made
pcecboaand voted lor S. P. Chase for
(growing out of the repeal of the Missouri
Compromine in regard to Kansas, should
deliberately announce to the South. "You
shall have no more S'avi; States," that
would afford a pretext with wbich the
South might, with some reason, and wilh
some assurance of the approvalof the civ
ilized world and of posterity, seek to dis
solve TUB CMOS."
jOCTHERS HKGR1E3 "APPROXlMATIXO TO
TI1E RACE OF THEIR MASTERS."
As an offset to the loose and ground
less talk of latter-day democrats about
"negio worshiping" end "amalgamation,'
Mr. Turner quoted the following irom a
pch made io the Senate by Mr. BellJo
"For tbe purposes of my argument, the
origin aad progress ol slavery in the
United States may be briefly told." lie
then tells how a few thousands savages
almost wild beasts wre brought hero-
from Afnca. "What do we now behold?
These few thousand savages have become
a great people numbering three millions
ol souls, civil:xed, Lhnstiicized-eacb new
generation drvelopiag some improved
features, mental and physical indicating
seme further pproximiliig to the raci of I
their masters here is a fact worthy the
contemplation of the philosopher, tbe
statesman, the Christian and philanthro
pist. Has Africa any cause to mourn?
has humanity cause to drop a tear?"
- ., .
Edward Evrrett in Favor ol Negro Equal-'
Ity Horrible Developments.
The Washington Constitution contains
a startling and dreadful article, under the
l ead "Iff grc Equality Mr.Everett Sanc
tions It." Tbe Constitution, in the course
of a long, virtuous and indignant article,
It may not be Mr. Everett's' lot to re
ceive as many negro votes as will be thrown
for Mr. Lincoln; but that tho Bell candi
date for tbe, Vice Presidency saiiolions the
general ideas summed np in tbe phrase
"negro equality," has never ben denied
Huw could be do otherwise, seeiug that
he has put upon record hfcsjmpaAby.wiih
the general scope of an abolition harangue
delivered by Sumner? Some of the Bell-
Everett party in the South, however, have
beenjunwiiliug to reeoguise the fact. Mr
B. E. "Mo Craw, a Be.) elector io Alabama,
was of this lumber; but, not satit.fi"d,witli
hearsay eviJence, he a ldrcsteJ Mr. Ever
ett direct,, seeking an answer to the alle
gation that he had "practically endorsed" i
negro equality by sending his children to J pounds ; and yet he has a physical system)
school wilh negroes. Mr,. Everett did not finely, organized and closi ly, knit . to
reply, but his Boston chaiim-n did in his gether. To aid in reading he paes glasses
beliall; and the reply amounted to an ac-
knowlcdgemcnt and a defence of the i ir
cumstance involved, : Thereupon Mr. Mo-
Craw rcpudiatod lurther alliance with the
BIJ parrj, withdrew his name from the
ticket, arid announced, his adhesion to the
cause fcf Breckinridge and Lane
The correspondence in this case is published.-
The following are the important
, .Dadeville Ala. Sajit ,25,1SG0,
Dear Sir: The Hon. S. F. Rice, in a
speeoh delivered here tp-daycharged you,
twin being an advocate ot the doctrine oi
the equality ol the two races, , the while
and the, Mack, and, attempted to prove i,l
by showing that you. bad practically en
dorsed it in sending youi , chi'dren to
school with negroes. I am an elector on
your ticket, and, theroore, feel a dep, in
terest iii.tba success oyiui yeii ana Mer
ett ticket, and ardently desire its success.
Ar,e you in favor, oj this doctrine of the
equality of the two races? Please to an
swer me yea or nay, over your own , sig
nature, tbat Lynay successfully retuiu tne
slander. . Yerj truly yours,
t ' , B. B. McCRAW.
To Eon. Edward Evbrktt, Boston'.
, . K Bost'ok. Oot.3, I860.
Dear Sir: Tour letter of the 25th Sept.
addressed to Mr. Everett, was received
last evening, and, imoicdiately placed in
mv hands lo be answered. .
By tbe lasof Masraehusel Is, ihe schools
are open to all, without distinction of col
or, and any exclusion on lhat. ground is
forbidden- Nr. &vereU nae not, at pres-
ent any children at schcol; his youngest
having graduated al the University in tins
neighborhood, is a student al me univer
sitv of Cambridge. England. Ame years
ago this young, fnan attended the high
school at Cauibi itlco, in the female depart
ment ot which there was acoioreu gin.
... . t : . i
Ten or twelve vears airo another eon at
tended an endowed school at Cambridge,
at which there was a colored boy. There,
were two youths.irom Georgia in the same
school at that time. The colored popula
tion of Massachusetts, as you are probably
aware, is very small. By the cenpns ,qf
1850 it was about one twelfth of one per
cent.. .They bave been free for three gen
etaiions. and though they employ them
Selves mostly io menial occupations, they
are placed by the law on so equality with
iha whites. Such beinir the case, the
Legislature of JuiacAi!ft7eTee
bitter that they ikould hate (Ji4 advantage
of educulim. tlian that they should grmsup '
mi ignorance and vite., And in this opinion.
tot suppose our friends in Alabama vouli
concur with, us.,
I remain, dear air, vpry respectfully,
yours, LEVERETT SALTONST ALL, ,
Pres't. Stale Union Com
T.. B. B McCbaw, Esq.
Mr. McCraw remarked in this ronneo '
'on: . , ...,,,.!. .
Considering and construing this letter
with reference to the direct interrogatory;
propounded to Mr. Everett "Are yo id. .
lavor of the equality of the two races?"
1 am left to tbe jneostible inference that
!. :.. L.ii j .i i. 4
"7 Pn lute cardinal
IdocTine, and that
the South would have
nothing to hope for in his elevation to the
Whereupon, Mr; McCiaw proceedp mosf
eloquently to declare himself in faror of
Breckinridge and Lane.
A few Jfoaaeata with Gepcral SsotU ,
As I was sight seeking in New York a
short lime since, I found myself saunter-' '
ing up Broadway, vainly asking myself '
the queat;on who or what I shall sp next,
Suddenly the qury suggested lieerf, wbji
not see General Sootl? Thoughts 'tis said '
precede actions ; with me the procedenoe
was brief, for 1 immediately sought nut
the ofli e of the gnerI "Headquarter
of the Army," a the modest sign roadie
No. 114 West Eleventh street, where, in
answer to the ball, I was ushered in by a.
man prepossessing military appearance,
and conducted into the presence of tbe oldi
hero of -many a battle and noble deed,
bom Wellington eome years before his
death, honored bl saying, "I consider,
VV infield Scott the greatest general in the
world" it it regrttted that he to conceit
edly added ' ejecpt myself." The Geni
era I was wnting as l entered, at a large
table spread with papers and. military re
ports, butt laying aeide bis pen he greeted,
me with a smile of welcome, aud. in such,
a simple, u.ios'entatious manner as to au-t
nihilaie all feeling of reserve ; and I was
soon conversing with him, and listening
tu, his conversation with fn-edom and plea-,
sure . Alluding, sunpng.tOtber..th.ir,gswtQi
the I ai'Je. of Niagara, commonly known as
Lnndy's Lane, he- said, "I have some rea
son to remember that battle, for that ball
in my shoulder crippled me badly. But
a good physical system and a sound con
stitutioo sTi'd me.i. As you see." be eon-
tinned, "l am unable loxaise my left hand;
to my head." 1 now noticed for the first
tune that , his left shoulder was a, tnna
lower than the right, but tbe, ball ,ia not
there, as bat sometimes been staled. It
passed torough she joint, and tp use.the
general's, language, Vfor.aeg'ht I ibow
killed tome one behind me.''
Inquiring as to his health, he remark
ed he wa .conscious of no change, but
that Lia health JtaJ always been sod was,
now, excellent. In. speaking of West Point
Military Academy, he said that he should,
not advise any young man to eoter there
after 17 years' pi age, since be would qotj
obtain an opportunity of raising bit rauk.
ur.t.1 somewhat advanied in, life Kfet to
long ase arajn need, of.an army we. need
also, WeBt Pout. .His office: oa 'business!
hours I learne l are from 9 to 12 A. M.;
aud from, t till 5 P, M. In his habits ha
is very regular, taking a pedestrian tour on
Broadway, or elsewhere, immediately af
ter breakfast, returning io lime for that
morning's work. Jo staiure, ae every one.
knows,. be. suipaases any man in the "ter-
vice,'!bing ii aud cna hlf feet in bight.
two hundred and sixty,
oocasionly, out oniinarily requires none.
His eyes and complexion are .exoeedincllf
bright and ciar; and although' 74 win
ters have'scrved to thin and whiten bis,
once auburn hair, yet they have by no
means rendered him wholly bald. Aa
hoijriipfed away enoonscioiisly to pie,
and I bade him pood morning w ith a deep),
regret ihat I could tay uo loneer, yet pro
foundly impressed with the belief that he
is, in many respect the representative),
pan of the age. correspondent of the
I ( errilfic. . .
The Atlantic Loeomoiive, whioh ia not
a steam engine, but a Breckinridge news
paper published in Alabama, blows the
whistle of alarm, in the following manner: 1
. "Since Pennsylvania, and Ohio hare'
spoken out upon .Ihe great political quea-
tiun of the day in tftsir home elections,. .rs,
is a gsqeraj concession that Abe Lfacola,
must be. qur next President I And tbis.
has produced a different effect in differ
in minds, for while an overwhelming ma-
j'irily deplore it, others in our very middty
lejoice over it as tne consummation ot,
their devou eat hopes There is a decid
ed majority of this first class, however,
and who are ihe true inhabitants of the
South, and t)ie real proprietors of its soK
who have wri'ien upon their hearts with
clcn be,d .teeth Abe Lincoln, so hip ui
Ueavtn shull never be our rresuteni!
We like that style of rhetono. The.
sanguinary sort of chirograpby which is
implied in "writing" upon one's h'eifrt'
"with clenclud tettli," could never have
been suggested to any imagination less vi
vid than that of tbe, editor ot a Locomo ,
live, fed with fire and eruptive with steam.'
The only improvement we could venture '
to suggest would be the substitution of the
word "biting" for "writing;" but Ibis
would be, sacrifice imprcssiveness to troth.. ,
The sage K. a. Pepper was right wueu,.
he said "Readin and ritin is tbecron
in glory of ihe United Stateaen. How,
hard it ia to write good." Yet the pro-,
bahilities are that Mr. Lincoln will bs our
next Ptesident notwitbstandidg th den-,
tal bierglyphies of the Locomotifea
friends, in fact, ."in spite of their teeth." ;
New York Son. , -:
Keep your wit as a booklet to defends,
yourself, and tot as a swoid to WOUmT