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CITY Of LANCASTER:
Tloaday Krenlngr, Juce 7, 1859
Bit, who rs Franklin Pierce! This
question has been asked by tens of thousand
of citizens, all over the land, siuce Saturday
noon. When we heard of bis nomination,
we at once commenced a search after his
history, am jng the books within our reach.
We know nothing of his early life. In 1333
he was elected to the House of Representa
tives in Congress, which position he retain
edfouryaars. In 1837he was elected U. 5.
Senator from New Hampshire. He remain
ed in the Senate during his term, and in
1343 was superseded by Cha. G. Athcrtan,
who became famous as the author of the gag
rule in the House. Mr. Pierce then went!
into a state or retiracy, from w hich he emerg
ed in 18 17. Upon th passage of ths ten regi
rru.nl bill through Congress, Polk appointed
Mr. Pierce one of his Brigvlier Generals.
At the ame time Generals Pillow and Quit
man were promoted from Brigadier tT Major
Generals, and Messrs. Cadwalladcr and
Hopping were created Brigadiers.
Gen. Pierce started with a body of 2000
troops from Vera Cruz, on the 10th July,
'134'J, to join Gen. Scott, who was then at
l'ikbla. On the Gth August, he joined the
miin ormy, without enccunt ring any spec
ial dangers. On the 19 h Aujust, he was
thrown from his horse and severely injured.
This disabled him so mui'h, that lie was
not able to do active, actvico during the re-m-imbr
of that magnificent campaign. He
was one of the CommUsionors appointed by
Scott to negotiate with Santa Anna, but
nothing was effected ut that time. From
tbotico wo lose traco of him till last winter,
when the New Humpshira State Convention
tendered to him their support ns a candidate
for Governor. This, ho declined. Wo
know nothing of his personal character, but
pr huiii'3 he is u respectable citizen. We
shall certainly oppose his election with all
our might; but we trust nothing will be de
veloped that will require a reference to his
private character or transactions. There is
a higher and mure legitimate game. Ohio
C. W. &. Z. Railroad Sale cf County
Much. We learn from the Clinton county
R-piAlieun that "the Agent with whom
portion of the County Bonds issued to the
Cincinnati, Wilmington and Zancsville
R iilrotd C mipany, wero loft in N aiv York,
has disposed of some 11,000 of them, at
rates that will net to the company over nine
ty.five cents r ntho dollar; and that they can i
hereafter be sold as fast as tho money will j
be needed in tho construction of the road,
at rates quit j as fair, if not at par.
"Tho friends of this great enterprise cer
tainly have good cause to rejoice ever its suc
cess, thus far, and to hipo for it speedy'
completion and final suceecs."
Important to Bounty Land Claimants.
Mr. Heath, Commissioner of pensions, has
given notico that many who have failed to
receivo land warrants of forty and eighty
acres, under tho act of the 28lli September
1350, will be entitled thereto on proof of ad
ditional service ascertained by tho distance
travelled at tho periods of enrollment and
discharge one day being allowed fur every
twenty miles of such dUtunco. Tho place
of enrolloim nt,and the pi ice from which tho
company ui'.iehed, u iidi-r ufnVcrs, us well as
tho point whore tin) claiinniit was muster
ed into service, and the distance between
euch, must ull be stated and attos'edby two
witnesses, certified to br credible.
Immiuiunts rnwiw Euriux. During the
mouth ufMiy, 159,843 passengi rs arrived
at Now York, iuclu iiug about 8,000 from
California. On Monday, the ship Meridian
arrived from Liverpool with 71ii in the steer
age, and the Iowa with 353. The latter had
five dentin during the passage und twobirthn.
Letters from Europe say tho immigration
next full will surpass nny other period yet.
Baltimore Convention. The telegraph
accounts which w huvo publinhed from
time to limn, obviate tho necessity of pub
lishing any. further accounts of tho proceed
ings which are beginning to come to hand
by mail. The utmost "noise and confusion"
prevailed, audit would sccin thut it was kept
up throughout tho w hole deliberations.
M. E. Chl'ri h Discipline. A despatch
aV.cd Huston, June 1, states that the Gen
eral Coiifereiico has ruled out part of the
old church discipline, which required that lu
di.:s and gentlemen should set apart during
service in Church. This was carried by a
Vote uf 1'iO majority.
f)-0"Tho Oevelum! IkruUl says If the Loco
foco party area long in electing as in select
ing their pri'niib'uttiil candidate, they wont
get through voting fr him before. 1850
Wouldn't it bo advisable fur lli-ni to run
their nuininee, if lin y get one, four years
from this time, and suvo themselves the use
less trouble of going to tho pulls next No
vember! Ratifcation Meeting. Tho Democracy
qppcar to bo in considerable trouble ubout
some of the nominations made on Saturday.
In some of the township. Illegal vote, wrro
' " ,.
poll d and the Mends of one or two rundi -
date are nut at ull willing that their favorites
Imubl be thus chiselled out of tho nomiiin.
tiuii. If we d j not got tho proceedings in
lime for to-duy's paper, w shall report llioni
in full to-n:nrrow.
Tnr. Democratic Ticket. Mm. R. King,
of Alabama, at present United States Sena
tor from that Stale, is the Democratic noini
n oforVico President. Intellectually, he
in a much stronger man tlmn the nominee
for President, und it may be said of this, as a
,'ii.tieman said of a reported nomination lu
IS 14, that it is a "kangaroo ticket."
Affairs of La Piat. A number of the
leading merchants of New York have addres
sed a memorial to tho Hon. Daniel Webster,'
Secretary of State, urging the appointment
of a diplomatic agent with distinct power to
proceed to the newly liberated countriea of
L: Plata, or else to be associuted with A mer
lean charge d'affairea at Buenos Ay res, to
negotiate treaties of amity, navigation and
commerce with the States of -Parsgua, Uru
gua, and the Argentine R .'public. Both
tVin French and English' governments have
, irei)r deaf atoned agenn thither.
Drmocratk Nominations The following
Is the result of the primary election in this
county, on last Saturday : ,
For Sheriff Weaver 1030, Ebright 258,
Reed 483, Leohner 631.
For Auditor Jeffries 1219, Carlisle 1161.
For Prosecuting Attorney Shaw 2311,
For Commissioner Tschopp 1340, Smoot
404, Borchcrs 4!8.
For Infirmary Director Miller 1255,
For Coroner Mitchell 11 10, Harris 1103.
Citizens who wish to keep posted up and
receive early intelligence, dur.ingthe coming
campaign, will pleaso leave their names nt
the office of the Daily Gazette.
05"The sixth annual meeting of the Ohio
State Medical Society, was held in Clcve-
and, un the first three duysoftho present
month. Among those present, wenoticothe
name of Dr. Edwards of Cincinnati.
Demochacy! There appears upon the
records of the Convention only thirtcrn votes
in favor of abolishing the two-thirds rule,
ten from Ohio and three from New York.
AxoTnr.R "Hill" FicrtT. The Garrard
Banner of the 3rd inot., thus describes an
other of those disgraceful rencontres, which
have already imparted to their county an
unenviable notoriety. "Old Garrard" prom
ises to bo the darkest anj bloodiett spot in
the dark and bloody ground."
Jtfore BMshed.Wo regret to state that
another desperate affray occurred in our
county, about noon on Tuesday last, which
resulted in tha death ot ono man and wound
ing of another. The particulars wo detail
us we have learned them from Dr. S. L.
Burdett, the attending physician: James
Hill, a sou of Frederick Hill, ono of the sur
vivors of tbo late affray, known as the
"Scott's Fork Tragedy," and Nelson South
erl.ind, AlinB Nets Bedtster, were returning
homo from the plantation of John und Squire
L'Nivell, where they had been at work. On
their way they had to pass a short distance
ir nnin Sugar Creek to the mouth of
Scott's Fork, in doing which they were fired
upon by four of the Evanses und Jacksjn
Mav, wh'j were coneuled in ombush. Many
shots wero (ired by the Evans party, between
five ond ten balls tiikiugefioct upon South) r-
l(i ltd, killing him iiiatuntly. During the af
fray, he received several severe cuts with a
bowie knife. James Hill, a boy some fifteen
or aixtcen years of age, received ono wound
in tii a thigh by a ball Tram the hvanscs, who
shot ut him several times. Ho wus soon
overtaken by the party, and severely beaten
over the head with the barrels of their wea
pons, after which they took from him his
o n pistole and shot him, the ball tnkintr
effect in the hip; ho would probably have
been killed but fur the timely intolerance
of some person w'io er.mu up und udviut'd
them to leave, telling them that the whole
! f I i 1 1 nri.t v wn u i.nrn! n it II tt ill 111, m Mi uliita
fired bv Hill or Houtherland. The
probability is that Hill will rocover, although
I... ! , ,!...,,r ..,l ..,,,!, .,1 I, nil l,l,,i.,,r
near the hip joint.
........ -i..., ...... .....j,,.
None of the parties hove yet been appre
hended, from tho I'uct, we presumo.th.'it they
are regarded by tho community as being law
proof. It seems to be a war of extermina
tion, and there is no hops of a reconciliation
between the p-irties.
Tendi.nues of the Tariffs ok 1812 and
1846. The tendency of tho turiffofl8 l2
wus towards tho promotion of tho importa
tion of foreign raw materials, to be com
bined with those of domestic growth, and
converted into tho forms fitting them for
consumption, by tho lulmrof men who should
cut tlio lood iirown in Illtiois ami lmliHiia,
lowu uud Wisconsin; and how vast is the
effect of such a policy upon tho interests of
'.he farmers, muy be seen by the following
statement ol the manufacture of the single
article of Indiu rubber:
Manufacture of shoes, about 4,000,000
pairs; of car-springs, 300,000 lbs. ; of steam
packing, ubout 250,000 lbs.; of machine
belting, about 2UU.0U0 lbs.; of clothing and
vunuiis other articles, ubout 200,000 lbs.; ol
rubber cloths, 100,000 lbs.j for other purpos.
es, about 100,000 lbs.
The tendency ortho tnriffofl840 is that
of prohibiting the import of foreign raw ma
terials, und coinpellini tho exports of our
own in the moht bulky shape, to lie convert
ed by men who eat the foud of ltriti.in,
land and Russia; and thus it is that tho far
mer brings nbout a stutc of things that re
duces tho price ol w heat to fifty cents a bush
ul. "Tho agricultural und plmiting inter
ests of the nation have determined," says a
contemporary, "to import their cloth und
iron. It is of course proper to export cotton
and corn to pay for them. This can only be
done by mluciru t'u ir pri'V so low, that they
can be exported ut a profit." The lower tho
price, tho inure will go abroad; the poorer
our people, the less they will consume, and
the lower mnst bo tho price; tho lower the
price, tho lurgi r will bo the quantity fur
which we im.'. si-ek n foreign market; and
tho larger the quantity of exports, tho great
er (according to the Manchester system of
polilicul economy, adopted by Mr. Wullter)
will be the pronpcrily ol the nation! It is time
that pluntiTH and limners should see that,
blind themselves, they have permitted them
selves to be I'd by the blind; time, too, thut
they should open their eyes to the fact th t i
linlish free trade has ruined cverv commu
nity ever obliged to tolerate it. Plough,
Loom $ Anvil.
Electricity Aitlied to Whaling. The
New Heilfiirdites huvo a new idea. They
apply electricity to the tulting of whales.
An electro-galvanic buttery is placed in a
bout, which is attached by a metallic v ire
to u barpo ii. Il is capable of throwing in
to the body of tho whiilo eight tremendous
strokes of electricity in a second, or 4t40 in a
minute, paralysing in un instunt the mus
cles of the whale, and depriving it of all
power of motion, if not ucluully of life.
I Is Bondage. At the luto term of the
"'iiri ol' Cominon Pleas for Medina county,
1 1'' i."';' ,Cil,,or,;J "I""' waM wutenccd
i to tun 1 cmtculiary tor lour years for grand
! Inremy. Alter sentence, the Medina Whig
siys, im expressed the hope thut tho Court
would tuke cure of his wile and child until
ins return, am as ho left the court room he
turned around und inquired, "Did you say
four years, Judge I" He was also Indicted
for passing counterfeit money.
Ail American Convicted at Rio The
Philadelphia Inquirer learns by a letter from
Kiodo Janeiro, that an American named
Reese, whowas sometime since tried and
acquitted for shooting an Italian, was recent
ly tried IV r it a second timo, convicted and
condemned to twelve year'a labor in prison.
His counsel have, however, applied to a Su
perior Court, and he has still another chance,
before it w ill bo necessary to appeal to tnc
Emperor for pardon.
An ExreniTion to the South Seas. An
expedition to explore tho South Pacific left
England on the lath Inst. I he Intention Is
to exploro all the islands between Australia
and Valparaiso, and particularly the Fejoe
Wool.. The Leadsburg (Va.) Waahjnj
tonlan Slates that Mr. Thos. Roirera.of that
county, clipped this spring 79 pounda of
wool trom eight lambs, two Of the iecoa
weighing 18 pounda-eteth' : i..w.
Hon. Edward A. Hajneoan. The fact
as to the killing of his brother-in-law, Capt.
Duncan, by Mr Hanncgan, are already wide
ly known. Mr. Hannegan had been a mem
ber of Congress, Ambassador to Prussia, and
might have been honored and useful in every
relation of life but for his fearful devotion to
liquor, which had long rendered him a terror
and disgrace to his friends, and has at last
probably led him to a felon's doom. John
Wcutworlh.who served with him in Con
gress, thus comments on hio case in the Chl
Every man who hat seen Mr.Hannegan
when under the influence of liquor m we
have, can believe tho above. And every one
who has seen him and lived at tlie same House
with him and his family, as we have, when
he has been a total abstinence man for months
.n,i.A.. ...:n ;la.l nitu him. Whpn snhc-r.
he is as nuro, as upright, as kind aud as gen-
erous s man as thero is in this county. With
h'm there can be no middle state. He is a
brute when drunk. Vhen sober, he will
comnaro in all tno Clements oi goouness
with' any man living. But he cannot drink
without gjtting drunk.
Mr. Hannegan entered the lower Uoose
of Congress many years ago, a perfectly
temperate ma n ; and, in point of talents, in
tegrity and popularity, his prospects were
as llattcring as those of any young man in
the United Mates. Hut Washington fash
ions and habits wero too much for him.
Dissipation drove him to private life. He
reformed, became a temperanco lecturer,
and nn exemplary member of the Church.
His exhortations in times or great revivals
are said to have equaled those of the most
eloquent divines living. At length his old
habits wero forgotten nnd he wus sent to
tho Senate. He took his seat an exempla
ry son of Temperanco and a Christian.
but, again, the temptations were too great
for him. His struggles with himself were
gigantic, mid the assistance of one of na
ture s noblest ol women, his wile, secured
for him the sympathies of everybody. But
he would have his sprees, and he lost his re
election. Like most politicians, he left of
fice miserably poor. At tho close of his
term, and Mr. Polk's administration, to keep
so popular and so good a man from despair
and ruin, although it came out of Gen. Tay.
lor'sterm, the Senators unanimously, Whigs
and Democrats, signed a cull for Mr.
Polk to send him to Prussia, and he was ap
pointed to that miHsion. His unfortunate
career there is well known. Since his re
turn, we have heard nothing of him until
this meliiuchuly all'uir.
We have seen many a young man enter
Congress perfectly temperate, and leave it
totally ruined;but we never known ono who
had so many efforts to save him, so ineffect
ually, as Mr. Hannegan. We now have in
our mind three in our own term who killed
themselves. Mr. Hannegan has tried to do so
several times; but he lived to kill his wife's
brother, the best friend, save his wife, he
had in tho world. That he wished he wus
in poor Duncan's place, we have no doubt.
Whut un awful commentary this is upon the
evil elicits ol intemperance! It was tho
first drop thut ruined Hannegan. He is
now ubout the middle ugo of man, and may
yet live to bo n very useful mnn ; but there i
greutur probability thut ho will commit sui-
This tragedy will do much toward enact
ing tho Maine Liquor Law in Indiana, and
we can almost predict it will be enacted at
the next session of the Legislature.
A Freak of Nature. The Wndcsboro'
(N. C.)ArgitB states tnat Mr. Jabez McKay
living near White Dlursli, Columbus county
lias u negro woman that gave lirtlisonu! ten
days buck, to twin female children, joined
together in a manner that makes them more
intoresting than ths celebrated Siamese
twins. Their luces look in opposite direc
tions, anil their bodies are joined by tho b.'vclt
bone running into one ut tho joiniuf the hip,
and forming one spine from the joint down.
An Elector Declined. John J. B acock, a
Presiduntiul elector, of Westmoreland cuun
y. Virginia, Humiliated by the democrats,
h as declined, im tho ground that he bus been
a Whig ull his life, but voted the democratic
ticket, last your, under the impression that
the democratic candidate tor Governor was
in favor of secession.
Repudiation to be Tested. Mr. H. J.
Johnstun, a bondholder, bus brought suit
against tiio State uf Mississippi in the Su
perior Court of Chuncery of that Stute, on a
3'JOOO bond issued by the Stute on account
ol tlio Mississippi Union Dunk one ol the
repudiated bunds by which tho question of
tlio Slate's liability will brought to a legal
Our Road. Tho hands arc engaged in
laying down the iron us fust as it arrives.
Arrangements are in progress for obtaining
tlio iron required to hiush the road to town,
and the prospect is that we shall bo able to
unnouncu that event in tho course of a few
weeks. IliUflmiu' News,
OTln some parts of Georgia the land is
so poor, that it is doubtful whether the
gruves will yield their deud! A resident
there, wrting to his friends in Maine, re
qucnls them not to be uneasy if he should be
ubsent on tho resurrection morn! Awful
Estelied. J. R. Blodgett has been ex
pelled from Muskingum Lodge of Odd Fel
lows, Zanesville, Ohio, on tho chariru of em-
bczzling 2,200, entrusted him by Veeson it
Co., uiiil Wet& Burgett, to depositcin the
lianK ot Jiussiiion.
OiTSinco November, Mr. Ilurnliam, of
Boston, has sold $4,000 worth of tho import
ed "Cochin China," "Red Shanuhui" and
"White Shanghai" fowls.
OiTln Tennessee a mun has been con
demned to fivo years imprisonment for mar
rying his aunt.
OTTIio crop of sugar this year at Barba
does is likely to bo tho largest ever made in
Hard to Beat. J. Rivals, of White Clay
Creek Hundred, Del., who is in his 73d year,
ploughed, this Spring, a field containing fif
teen acres in live days.
OiTlt is said that Jonny Lind, previous to
her marriage, set apart 20,000 to found a
charily school iu Sweden.
(tirTho cigars smoked in any city of the
United Slates, cost more than the bread that
OCrThe old"Stuysvcsont Tree," at the
corner' of 13th street and 3d avenue, New
York, has just had an iron railing placed
around it. It is now leff'solitarv and alone"
un ancient emblem of tho forest.
OirThe Syracuse Journal Bays tho ittlt
makers huve agreed to establish tino salt at
one dullur per barrel, and to admit of no
change. It has generally varied from 75
cents to ono dollar and filly,
GiTA returned Culin.rnisn who wasmar
ried in Boston tho olhor duy, presented the
clergyman with a lump orgold weighing two
ounces and valued at $3(1.
QjrThe Russellvillo (Ky.) Herald aava.
that tobacco plants are exceedingly scarce
in that county, and those planted out do not
OrTwo men were whipped, rode on a rail,
and then ducked, opposite St. Louis, two or
three dayag forfrotrly buttHtagaojiu la
Tuesday Evening, Jane 8, 1839
The Ratification Meeting. We prom
ised on yesterday to give an account of the
proceedings of the ratification meeting at the
Court House and shall now endeavor to
make a faithful report. It waa evident in
the morning that a considerable dt-greo of
dissatisfaction existed on account of the il
legal voting at the primary election, espec
ially in this township, and it was threatened
by the country that they would no longer
tolerate town influence and would make a
demonstration against it. It will be seen
in tho sequel that th-y didn't do it.
Ex-Sheriff Ewing waa appointed Presi
dent, and Ex-Representative Keller and Ex
m n. . cj t r i it- - I
Treasurer (by virtue of defeat) Crumly, Vice .
Presidents. Dr. hauay, Clerk of the Court, !
and Dr. Porter, P. M. at Clearport, waa ap
Win. Ewing, Collector at Carroll, moved
that a committee be appointed to examine
the pell books in order to discover the num
ber of illegal votes and also to report upon
the legality of votes polled out of townships
in which tho voter resided. This was do
bated by Prosecuting Attorney Shaw, Drs.
Brow u and Foster of Sugar Grove, Diluine,
defeated candiduto for Probate Judge, W.S.
Beutty, ditto, Commissioner Reese, Ewing,
the defected candidate for Representative,
and perhaps some other ex-officers or defeat
ed aspirants whoso nanus we cannot now
call to mind. It was carried and tho meet
ing took a recess.
Up to this time, the members from the
country had remained firm, but we noticed
a gradual disposition to give way, and after
they had got their dinners, they w ere In much
During tho afternoon session and while
waiting for the report of the committee, the
proceedings were spiced by speeches and ex
plunutions. Mr. Shaw, Prosecuting Attorney, lead off,
exhorting to union, harmony and concession,
and save an ill-timed remark or two about
corruption, made a very respectable speech.
Mr. Leohner, defeated candidate fur Sher
iff, arose to a question of privilege. lie
had been stigmatised as a Whig, as selling
land without title, as acting in concert with
a broken merchant to defraud creditors, us an
abolitionist, as a Roman Catholic, all of
which he denied. He evidently felt bilter,
but as a mutter of policy mentioned no names.
If we should mako such charges aguinsl a
Democratic candiduto, the Deinocrucy would
bo horror-stricken, but they appear to have
a right to defumo each other as much ns
possible. lie said, however, ho should vote
tho entire ticket.
Loud cries were made for Ebright, Wea
ver and Reed, but none of them felt willing
to reply to tho allegations of Mr. Leohner.
Mr. Beaty, however, suid that ho had tak
en a warm part for Mr. Weaver, but had said
nothipg moro thun thut Mr. Leohner hud
been a Whig in 1840, and this was not de
nied. In behalf of himself, ho said he had
been as basely slandered when he was a can
didate for Probate Judge, and had found it
necessary to file his affidavit that ho had
been a Democrat for muny years and had not
voted the Free S.41 ticket in 1.H43.
Cries wero inado for various individuals,
but they did not uppoar. At length Mr.
Schleich, defeated candidate fur Probate
Judge, responded lo a call. Ilo wus evi
dently laboring under absence of mind, as he
inverted things us they ure. Ho said the
Whig party acted upon the principle "to tho
victors belong the spoils'' and that the De
mocracy cured nothing fur these, but laborer!
only for principles. "Galphin" appeared to
run through his diseased bruin in a variety of
colors and ho was perfectly satisfied that the
expenses ol't'je present Administration w ere
greater thun those of Mr. Polk's during the
War. If ho had read and diligently studiud
tho report of the Secretary of tho Treasury,
ho would have discovered that the ordinary
expenses of this Administration, throwing
aside such as necessarily grew out of tho
War and wero saddled upon this by a former
Administration, were less than those of Mr-
Van Burcn's. Tho compliment which he
bestowed upon Messrs. Clay, Webster and
Scott was well deserved, even if it did create
a aensation among soino of his democratic
The next Speaker was Cpptain Syfert, Re
corder of tho county, who considered himself
rather too much of a boy nnd too green to ud-
ress the meeting. A s his subsequent remarks
showed that ha appreciated himself, it will
not bo necessary to follow him through, ns
he is evidently not very well loaded and will
not do much execution during the coming
Tho committee at length mado their ro-
port, recommending thut the nominations
stand us they appear upon the poll books and
that hereafter democrats he not permuted to
vote out of their own townships.
It will be noticed in tho returns that the
heavy vote polled in this rity, carried oil the
offices, for which any city candidates wero
The Bridge CAMPAioa.-Tho Dayton Ga-
idle records tho attack of the force of the
Canal Board upon the railroad bridge at
Dayton. Capts. Taylor and May, superin-
tendants, enlisted a formidable force und un
der the protection of tho city police, march
ed to tho accneof operations. Resting a
while before commencing forcible opera
tions, the intelligence Wttsbrotight thut Judge
Hurt had granted an injunction. This sav
ed a largo amount of perspiration and labor,
ond probably saved tho force from being in
dicted as rioters. This is the only attempt
of tho kind in the State, on tho memorablo
first of June.
Mr. Clay. Mr. Benton, in a recent
speech In Jackson county, Missouri, declared
that he had never believed tho chargo of
"bargain and sale" between Messrs. Clay
and Adama, and that he knew Mr. Clay in
tended to vote for Mr. Adams, beforo the
latter knew it himself. A nd yet Mr. Benton,
by his silence, has permitted the charge to
bo mado by hie party friends, thousands of
A Carooof Wild Animals. It ia stated
that the largest ostrich yet aeen in this
country, a whole catalogue of rare anakca,
ourong.outangs.monkeys, Sic, without num
ber, are now on thehr wat from Africa to P.
T.Barftumt of New York, to enrich hie tnu
Drunkenness on Sunday. We have heard
it intimated that, unless a certain establish
ment in thia city, does not cease manufactu
ring drunkards, by the dozen, on Sundays,
to disturb the quiet of the neighborhood, ef
forts will be made to have the proper author
ities close it up all together. Thia ia all we
are rcqueated to aay, at prcaent.
A New Idea ir Agriculture. The ste
ward on board a U. S. Steamer in tho Gulf,
has produced several crops of excellent po
tatoes by the following modo of cultivation:
He procured a common "crockery crate,"
a buntllo of straw, and a few eyee of the po
tato, and wont to work farming it on ship
board! The proctss of cultivating them is
this: Fill your crate wit an alternat? lay-
er of straw and tho eyes of the potato, con
pnd fit lh(. bottom with , ,,ypr of ab
six nclca in depth of straw, and then a In
er of the eyes the eyes being pluced about
two inches apart over the surl'uco of the
straw then another layer of straw on the
top. Keep the straw always moist, and in a
bout two months you will have about S14
worth of sound, good potatoes of tho "first
Valley of the Amazon. About a twelve
month since, Lieut. Hcmden, of the United
States Navy, was deputed by the Depart
ment to mako an exploration of the great
river Amazon, from its sources in the moun
tains of Peru to its junction with tho Atlan
tic at Pura, Brazil. J hie duty has since
been performed, Lieut. H. having reached
Para, and joined there tho United btates
brig Dolphin. He mado tho voyage down
the A mazon in a bark canoe, and almost en
tirely alone. A large collection of speci
mens, cdthcred during the exploration, have
already reached New York. The result of
his researches are to be given to the world in
a forthcoming volume.
Terrible Tragedy. We are infurmcd
by Mr. J. T. Selman, that a difficulty occur
red at. Guard's Landing, six miles up Licking,
on W ednesday last, winch resuitca in me
death of a respectable citizen, tinder the fol
lowing circumstances: A man, named Rob
inson, had an altercation wiin a neignuor,
named Crawford, about some stock getting
into Crawford's field. Robinson having a
rifle in bis hand, took deliberate aim, und
told Crawford, if he spoke another word, or
even turned his head, he would blow his
bruins out. The unfortunato man made
somo remark, w hen llohinson pulled tne
trigger, nnd sent Crawford into the cternul
world. Cin. Commercial.
Death of the Rev. Dr. Nott. The
venerable Dr. Samuel Nott died at Ins res
idence, in Franklin, Conn,, on the 2Gth ult,
in the D'.lth year of his age. About a week
before his deceaso his gown caught fire,
wbilo sitting alone in his room, and before
it wus extinguished his hand was badly burn
ed. The injury and excitement consequent
upon the accident, probably hastened bis
death. Dr. Nott had been settled in the
parish more thun seventy years, and was
probably the oldest pustor of a parish in Now
England, or perhaps in the United btutcs.
Stolen PlatesoftiieBankof Kentucky
We learn that tho genuine plates of the
Bunk of Kentucky, of the denomination ol
Tin, have recently been stolen, und a large
batch of tho nots printed of course they
will Je put in circulation. The theft was
managed so adroitly that no clue can be ob
tained to its discovery, or to lead to tho de
tection of the perpetrator. The pi ,tes were
stolen from tho engraver in Cincinnati.
Beef Cattle. The Chicago Price Cur
rentrays: 'The eastern demand has almost
drained the country ol beef cattle. Every four
footed animal, in the shape of a hog is en
grossed in the sumo WHy; even 'fat hogs' and
'di iul hogs' are said to 'go quick.' Sheep,
lambs unit calves are also in demand. The
firstlings nnd lastlings of every Hock are
thrown into the shambles of tho railroad.'
A Girl summoned a tavern porter for
the restoration of a watch which she had
given him as a love gift. The defendant
cooly pleaded a. solt-off, by declaring that the
tokens of affection which ho had lavished
upon the girl were more valuable than the
watch. Said he, "I gavj her n horn comb,
a pair oT cotton gloves, an old testament, a
nut meg gratcr.a whalebone toothpick, and
a pair ol socks, with hull' a dozen garters."
Railroad Safety. A bill has been re
ported in tho Massachusetts House of Rep
resentatives, to promote the security of rail
road travel. It provides that tho flooring of
bridges shall be three inches thick, and that
every switch shall be provided with an index,
which shall so render its chunges of position
us to bo distinctly visible to tho engineer at
tho distunco of not less thun half a mile.
Satisfactory Excuse! There is a loco
foco paper in Ohio, which explains the cause
of tlio increase in tho expenditures, by the
fact that there were a larger number of mem
bers in the last Legislature, than in those
which had assembled previously. This is
true but us we were promised an economic
al government tinder the "New Constitu
tion," tho fact that the number of Legislators
was increased, mado the increase in the per
diem ull the less excusable.
In the two Houses there wero 131 mem
bers nnd 40 Clerks, assistants, nnd Ser-gcant-at-arms.
The increase in the per diem
from 3 to $4 added 9171,00 per day to the
expense of t'ic Legislature, For the 120
days of the first session, this increase of $1
y day amiiuntsto820,520,equal totwo-thirds
of the entire sum paid to all tho members,
clerks &c, during each session in which the
whigs hud the supremacy in the Legislature!
We hope the tax payers will look at this
item, ofljji20,520, tho aggregate of this in
crease of tho per diem the piling up ol one
additional dollar on the wages of men many
of whom couldn't make half that amount ut
homo, and whoso services would have been
dear if rendered gratuitously! Dayton Jour
nal. Outrages and Roiideries at Panama.
On the 22d of May, tho morning after the
nrrival ol'tho steamship Winfielii Scott, at
Panama, Messrs. Bours, Van Valkenburg,
Perkins and Durando, (passengers) accom
panied the purser, Mr. Shed, ashore in charge
of a shipment of epecie. On arriving at the
mole, the boat was surrounded nv a large
party of natives, who endeavored to seize
and carry awov the gold. A violent strug
gle ensued anil tho natives wero repulsed.
They retreated to the shore and assailed the
small party in the boat with large pieces of
rock; fortunately all escaped with slight
bruises, exceptinir Mr. Perkins, of Sonora,
who received a Bi-vcrc blow over tho left ear
and fell senseless. He received a severe but
not fatal wound. Aid waa eventually pro
cured from Messrs. Garrison and Fritz, and
the gold landed safely.
A trunk, containing some $12,000, with
papers of value,-belonging to Mr. Rich
mond, was Btolen on the road between Pa
namu nnd Crncea, on the 23d of May.
At Freolis, on the 24th, another trunk waa
cut and robbed of 85,000 and some valuable
A New Kind of Brick. A new apeciea
of brick, called the Chicago brick, is about
being introduced as a building material in"
the city of New York. It Is of a beautiful
cream color, and It la aaid will retain its
Color aa long aa the brick lasts. These
brick are made in Milwaukie, Wisconsin,
eent to Chicaeo. Illinois, and thence trans
ported principally by railroad te Kaw York
A Chapter on '.Blunders Electing a
majority of Locofoco lawyers to the Loirisla.
hire of the State of Ohio, w ho wero totally
iiiwicu m iiiaKcau nnnesi living In tne
pursuit of their regularcallinir, waa a blun.
The assaults upon Banka and Banking in
stitutions, by the same body taxing them
out of existence, and capital out of the State,
was a blunder!
Constructing a tax law, the provisions of
which arc antatronistical to the constitution
and whioh will bear as many constructions
as the Chameleon has colors, thereby be
getting litigation, was a blunder!
The creation of laws, (and the tax law
is one of thrm.) w hich the best legal minds
in the State, have pronounced a nullity l e
cause at variance with the constitution of
the State, was a blunder!
Making a tax law which made no provision
for taxing the Real-Estate of Ohio and,
being under the necessity of, afterwards,
getting up, and passing a substitute, waa a
By the repeal of the old Tax-Law and
not providing fur the collection of unpaid
taxes, in the new, the State will lose thous
ands of dollars, which might have been
saved, by proper legislation, was a blun
Adjourning the Legislature without muk-
ins anv Drovisions for mention- navinehts
, c, r j
due and coming due, against the State, thus
lorleiting the credit of the State, was a blun
The passage of a coporation law, dated
the third day of May, and which reads to
take effect from and uftcrtheteenA of next
nay, delaying the enforcement of the law
for a year, unless chanjed by an extra ses
sion of tho Legislature, was a blunder!
The proposition introduced to appropriate
the State arms to Kossuth, begetting there
by bad feelings between this country and
formidable powers in Europe, which would
result most likely in wars besides disarming
the military ol the State, to say the the least,
was a blunder!
Promising reforms advocating but one
session of tho Legislature every two years
holding two sessions in one year increas
ing legislative servants and otticers at in
creased salaries members voting them
selves four dollars per day instead of too in
thus swindling tho State, and expecting to
retain power by playing off upon tho credu
lity of tho people, Locofoco members of
the last Legislature, will lind out, at the ballot-box
that they committed blunders, fatal to
their own political uscendency, and as to
the success of the party, irreparable blunders!
FoRriG.N Items. A Mr. Leclerck.of Lcig,
in Belgium.huK succeeded in getting four suc
cessive crops in one yeur from a single pota
too; he employs very early kinds, und plants
the same for each crop.
A Prague journal states that on the 3d
in.it., Kossuth's mother and sixteen of his
relatives passed through that city on their
wuv to England.
Manks.the famous EtiL'lish runner, lately
nn twelve miles within the hour. Whut is
strange, hi appeared more exhausted at the
end of the sixth than tho twelfth.
M. Prondhon, the great French socialist,
it is laid, has been set at liberty nn the con
dition that he leaves for the United States.
An Easy Natureo Farmer. The True
Mahomcdan Sjiiril. The Detroit Advertis
er relutcs the following example of a resig
nation usual among Americans:
A certain good-natured old Vermont for
mer, preserved his constant good-nature,
let what would turn up. One day, while the
hlac k tongue pr vuiled in that State, one of
the men came in bringing the news that one
ol his red oxen was dead.
"Is he!" said the old man, well, he always
was u breechy cuss. Take his hide off, and
curry it down to Fletcher's; it will bring the
cash." An hour or so afterwards, the man
cuine back with the Hews that "lino back"
and his mate wero both dead. "Are they!"
said the old man, well I took them of B ,
to save a bad debt that I never expected to
L"-t. It ia lucky that it ain't the brindles.
T..ke the hides down to Fletcher's they will
bring the cukIi." A I'ter tho lapse of unother
hour, the uiiin came back to tell him that the
nigh brindle was dead. "Is he!" said the
old man, "well be wus a very old ox. Take
off his hide und take it down to Fletcher's;
h's worth cash, und will bring more than any
two ol'tho others." Hereupon, his wife who
was a very pious soul, t iking upon herself
the ollice of Eliphaz, reprimanded her hus
band very severely, and mdit-d him if he wus
nut nware that his loss was a judgment of
heaven lor his wickedncKS. "Isit!" said the
old fellow. "Willi they will tn'e thejudg
went in cuttle, it is the easiest cag I can pay
Nomination of Pierce. Say what you
may, the lust resort of the desperate politi
cians convened in Baltimore, to get n "con
cern" fora candidate, upon which they could
all unite, has much in it smuckingstrongly of
the ridiculous. When Mr. Polk was brought
out, thero was a semblance of respectability
in the movement. He, at least, had been a
conspicuous member of Congress, the pre
siding officer of the ' popular brunch," and,
hailing from Nashville, curried with him the
unction of Jackson. Nono in the West, at
least, hud need to inquire "Who is James
K. Polk!" But, this setting up of a third
rate lawyer, from the hunks of the Merri
mack, as tho best the leader of a great party
could do in behalf of their rank-and-file,real-ly
carries tho impression that, with our old
opponents, it is ubout "tho last of pea-time."
The frayer of faith. A little boy and
his brother were lust in a Western forest. On
giving a account of the circumstance after
they were found, the little fellow said, "It
grew dark, and I kneeled down anil asked
God to take cure of little Johnny, and then
went to sleep." How touching! how sim
ple! how sublime! That was true faith that
genuine prayer. David himsell did not ex
ceed it when he said; "I will both luy me
down in peace and sleep; for thou, Lord, only
makestmnto dwell in safety." Perhaps tho
little boy lenrned his lesson of trust in God
from the royal Psalmist,
OirTho culture of wheat as a general
thing, was introduced into Alabama only
ten years ago, and no crop, not even corn,
has proved uniformly more certain and
satisfactory. So cortain, indeed, has the
crop been considered that the culture has
rapidly extended during the last four or five
OtrTho Detroit Advertiser gets off the
following good one :
The Long Odds. Bets upon the result of
the Locofoco nomination in Baltimore are
getting so prevalunt, that a member of the
Michigan Delegation, who handed his cre
dentials to a friend to look at, was complain
ed of for " exhibiting gambling apparatus.
Extedition against Peru. It is rumored
that an expedition is fitting out in N. York a
gainst the Government of Peru, in anticipa
tion of the war threatened by New Grena
oa. Whig Extravagance. The preecnt
Whig administration, since it came into
power, has paid, of the National debt, over
seventeen millions of dollars.
03"A Southern- newspaper heads an obit
uary, notice, "an Editor in Heaven." It
is a consolation to the profession to ftnow
that oven one of ita members is there.
rrThe exoort of tea from China allows
an increase of 1,800,000 lbs., compared with
last y ear, of silk the decrease is ecpal to a
bout 8,000 keleev .-
A Silly Business. The most laughable
nd ridiculous thing of the day i the ludU
crous attempt ol the Statesman to make i
great man of Franklin Pierci. We ask thd
readers of that naoer if tliov hava n .oorl
Mr. Pierce's name in its columns before hii
nomination. Did the editor ever refer td
mm aa a prominent Locofoco, cither in hia
civil or military capacity! If so', when and
where Was it!
We are willing to admit ih f,.,.,..'
Pierce is a very respectable gentleman. He
will do very well to be beateh. But this at
tempt to blow him up in this way will disgust
even thqse who. .are favorably inclined,'
Witness the following in lust night'A States
man., Speakinir of PiFtfne it
"lie waa art officer in th war ,.r'iHio
was tendered Iho office of Attorney General
by Mr. Polk, but he declined."
in another part of the samo artirlo
Statesman says Mr. Pierce is about My years
of age. 3
Now, it appears that he was an officer
he was only ten years of age! Does the States
man believe this! What is the use in tollincr
such transparent falsehoods! Will they ad
vance his claim to the Presidency! Better
tell the truth and not thus mako yourself
the laughingstock of all tho town. An offi
cer in the warof 1812, at ten years of age 1
That will do to start with. Journal.
A New Swindle Yesterdaafternoon a
German lady called at the hardware store of
W. N. Seymour t Co.. No.' 4 Chatham-
square, mado a few purchases' arid tendered
a genuine $5 note, for which she received
her change. Soon after her return home, a
m m genteely dressed appeared at her house
having in his possession a spurious $5 bill,'
"Globe Bank, N. Y.," and stated he had
been sent by the firm to require another bill
as she had passed that one for her purchases,
at the same time naming what she had
bought. Sho was confident it was not the
bill, but he was so determined about it,
threatening suit, ic, that she was fright,
cned and gave him a good bill for it. Her.
husband afterward remembered tho name of
the bank and called to require an explana
tion, when the traud was brought to light.
The scoundrel must have observed her muke
the purchase, and followed her home. As
others are liable to have the same trick prac
tised upon them, we have deemed it our du
ty to give this timely warning. N. Y. Tri
bune. PbopheCY. Hon J. L. RobirsOR, mem
ber of Congress from Indiana, was also a
member of the Baltimore Convention. In
a short speech he uttered this seutiment:
If the Democracy shall nominate a can
didate without first layingdown their prin
ciples, they would be utterly and irretrieva
bly disgraced and defeated in the ensuing
contest, as they deserved to bo.
Well tho Convention did nominate a can
didate without first laying down their prin
ciples. TAf bus becomo history. The
last part of the sentence, tho ('cut and !.;
grace portion, will also bo veritable history
after November next. Of course Mr. Rob
inson will stick to his declaration that they
derervrf to be beutcn and disgraced! Wc
shall see. Journal.
Sleenno in Church. It is a matter of
record, that about one hundred years ago, an
Indian was conducted by a white to witness
the servi-e of the sunctuary on tho Lord's
day. When these services were ended, the
citizen, on their way homeward, in order to
impress upon his tawny friend the superiority
of Christianity over heathenism, entered
into a detuil of the money appropriated by
the congregation, of which he was a member
fur the support of public, worship, the erec
tion of the bouse, the salary of the minister,
&c. To all this the son of tho forest, who
had observed the drowsy disposition which
pervaded the ass?mbly, replied: '-Umph!
Indian sleep just us sound under a tree, und
not pay nothing."
Cholera among the Troops. A letter
from Fort Leavenworth, dated the 16th. re-
ct ived yesterday, conveys information of tho
existence of the cholera among the recruits
intended for the army in New Mexico. They
le.t tins city two or three weeks since, to tho
number of ubout three hundred. The letter
says: "from a report received from Major
ateeti, last niyht, I leurn that his march was
arrested by the prevalence of cholera in his
command. 1 here had been nine fatal cases,
and yesterday the surgeon reported forty-seven
men under treatment for thut disesae."
This report, would show a very general pre
valence of the disease. St. Louis, Rip. 21th.
Good Tmr. Tho New Bedford (Mass.)
Mercury announces the arrival of the ship
Saratoga, Capt. Harding, niter nn absence of
thirty-two munths.on a whaling cruise to tho
Pacific. She brought home a cargo 200bbls.
of sperm and 3000 bbls of whale oil, and has
sent home during her voyage 4S0 bbls of
whale oil, 70,000 lbs of whalebone, and has
disposed of 80 bbls of sperm oil at a foreign
port tho whole proceeds of the voyago a
inouiiting to over $123,000; and exceeding
thut of any cargo before landing at that
Correction. In the Courier, of yester
day, a paragraph appeared in relation to
fraudulent issues of$10 bills on the Bank of
Kentucky. It appears that wo were mis
taken in relution to the mutter, also in refer
ence to the theft of tho originul plates at
Cincinnati. From the officers of the Bank
wo leurn that none of the plates have been
stolen, and, that tlvy were in Philadelphia,
instead of Cincinnati. They think that a
few "proof impressions" of the twenty dol
lar bills soon (rut into circulation, but nono
ol'tho t ns. These bills can be readily de
tected by the lliinsy texture of the paper.
The "Shadrach" Rescue Case. In tho
U. S. Circuit Court yesterday .(Judfe Sprague)
the juries were dismissed until Friday, when
it is expected the persons charged with aid
ing in tho rescue of the fugitive slave, Shad
rach Minnikin, will bo put on trial. Tho
case of Elizur Wright, late editor of the
Commonwealth, is assigned as the first in
order, and it is said he will manage his own
defence. Judge Curtis is expected to pre
side during the trials. Boston Transcript,
Infantry Service. Speaking of Presi
dential candidates, a friend, after read-ng the
Statesman's solemn declaration that Pierce
was an officer in tho Warof 1812, when he
was only ten years of age, raised hia specs
rather quisically, ana inquired to what
branch of the service he belonged!
"TothetcAiNFART-ry,to be sure," waa
the prompt reply of an old soldier, standing
That was entirely satisfactory r-Journal.-
House Line or Telegraph. We under'
that this line, on Friday last, Btretched. 120&
feet of wire across the Ohio river, running
from the foot of Vine street, in this city, to
the foot of Scott street, Covington. The
wire is covered with gutta percha, and sunk
wire cable. The line ia now completed
from New York to Ljuisville. Cin. Sun.
"Governor Ton." This gentleman, tho'
a Locofoco, has had the lucrative office of
Minister to Brazil, under the Whig National1
Administration, and gathered wealth enough
to purchaso an elegant residence in Cleve
land where he ia about to open house in fine
style. Set. Oat,
60rA family of eight persons, living near
Lexington, Ky., were poisoned by eating
eggs, on Monday, last. .
OCr-Young physicians find it hard,-to get '
into business; but they will succeed if tlieyv
only have patientei- .., :