Newspaper Page Text
Slje liptthh) Gazette,
Monday Evening, August 19. 183
English FEEsTRAnE English Policy in
Regard to American roltiics.Some time
since, saya the Ohio State Journal, we pub
lished an. article from the London Times t
voring the election of Pierce aa beneficial to
English interests. To-day we give an ex
tract froin'BIackwood'a Magaiine, a tory
Quarterly. The article from which the ex
' tract is taken purporU to be by AnEn
gftohman abroad," who writes from this
country. After alluding to some other mat
ters connected with our politics, the writer
A much more important question is the
Tariff; and it is 'one which will enter into
eyery political combination. It has not of
late been put very prominently forward; but
it is not the less important on that account.
The manufacturers of America cannot exist
under competition with England without a
higher tariff; and the simple question is,
whether manufacture shall cease or not. I
may return to the subject in a subsequent
lettcr;but I shall now remark only, that while
the EastJas the great manufacturing district.
has been generally in favor of higher duties,
tne west and the South have been adverse,
A change, however, is taking place in this
respect. Manufacture is incrcasfngin the
West, especially since largo mines have
been operated upon, and has sprung up in
the South. Neither is so exclusively agri
cultural as it was; and there has been hardly
a President making speech for tho last six
months which has not had some allusion to
the necessity of ah increased tariff. This
This and the London Times explain how
it Is that Englund wishes us to adopt free
trade. "The manufactures of America CAN
XOT EXIST under competition with Eng
lund without a higher tariff, and the simple
question U whether manufacture SHALL
EXIST OR NOT."
Any one can find this passago in the July
number of Leonard Scott &. Cu's renrint of
Blackwood, July, 1852, page 45.
1 mis wo see radical Locofocoism in the
United Stutcs playing into the hands of
England. It would be better for the Brit
ish government to pay ten millions of dol
lars than to have Mr. Pierce foil to be eloct
ed President; lor the question is, - Whether
manufacture in this country shall cease or
This Englishman abroad is nut very flat?
tering in his notice of the country. Ho is
willing to strengthen monarchy at home by
disparaging tlio American people. On page
43 he says:
Fillmore, Webster,' Scott and Cnss aro
the more prominent camlidntes; but the most
prominent are not always the most success
ful; and it would not at all surprise mo (o
find some man almost unheard of in tho con
test, stepping quietly into the Presidential
chair. The more a man has done for the
country, the less likely is tho Country to
This was written before tho nominations,.
How far it hits the case our readers can
judge. If it is true that "tho more a man does
for his country the less likely is the country
to choose him," then Gen. Scott's chance is
a poor one.' Tho British emisarics have
connectod their free trade scheme of break
ing down our manufactures with a namo
which, according to their own theory, is mora
likely to succeed thau ono who has distin
guished himself as Scott has. Fortunately,
the' Amerinan people yot have a chance to
repel this calumny; forewarned, forottrmod.
InTERKSTINO Iff RELATION TO THE FlSII-
r.B r Question. It is stilted in a dospatch
from Washington that so far from tho fishe
ry difficulties boing settled, tho gravest foars
aro entertained in that City for the result,
and that President Fillmore and tho British
Minister hud along interview on tlio' subject
ou Saturday, The despatch further adds :
It is aHcortained that tho British govern
ment never contemplated enforcing tho dis
puted point of the troa'.y us to tho headlands,
hut (ho colonial authorities have always con
tended for this interpretation, and nave pann
ed laws to that effect. Five of tho armed
cruisers fitting out by the colonists are in
structed to seize all American Ashing ves
sels viola'.'ng that Interpretation of tho
treaty. "They even go further, and declare
that any fishing vessels found within the
three mile are lawful prizes.
Admiral Seymour, It appenrs, la as desi
rous of preventing tho cxecutlun of this
forced construction as Commodore Perry ran
be, but the danger is that, notwithstanding
tils waiciiiuiness, some such seizure may
take place. Besides thero are at least twen
ty thousand American finhormon Interested
in this fishing trade, and authentic In form a
tion has reached hore that they are daily
becoming moro and more excited.
The warliko demonstrations in the Senate
will not have the effect of calming this feel
ing. Tho greatest anxiety is, therefore, felt
tor tno speedy adjustment or the difficulty.
If Amorican blood should be spilled, war
would be inevitable Tho negotiations
wnicn are progressing aro, doubtless, ren
dered more complicated by tho fuet that tho
President does not foel warranted In moking
any concessions to England, for the oponlng
of the fiahcriea.unloss the matter is first sub
mitted to Congress; and tho fooling of Con
gress is not, at present, tijo most aniicabio,
- ... i ' i . a. . .
Corporations. -There are corporation
of various kinds and tho corporation of an
Alderman Is generally capacious, but those
of a Now York Alderman "takes the dilapi.
datod linen off tho shrubbery." In twoduys
a committee of sixteen of them, escorting
Mr. Clay's remain! to Albany, ran up a bill
of 1,4 J 1 80 for "refreshments." in the
namo of common sense, what did they eatl-
"What did fhey e-.tr That Isn't It. But
what did they drink! Whoa going it on
their own responsibility, they call for sherry
orcluret at 1 per bottlo. Hut tit the ex
pcneof the city, they call for tho vintogo of
. ri'J, with some outlandish name, and invite
their friend to drink at the rate of 85 per
.Chillicoths RsLir.r.-The Scioto G ca
sus publishes a list of tho contributions to,
and expenditures by, the roliof committee
appointed after tho great fire in that city,
From this it seem that the total amount
contributed was tl6,4l8:47,ll of which haa
been faithfully expended.
CrCivilUns are not often represented in
full. feathers' mounted on horseback, with
swords and plumes dunglinr and floating
A re Press. " . , 6
The New Hampshire civilian was thus
mounted in Mexico, but he never rcmai sod
mounted long at a time. Perhaps he thought
the position unbecoming a great civilian?
lju. Journal :
A Locorco PaornECT. Mr. Secretary
Walker was considered the great gun of Mr.
Polk's administration. ; I Us free-trade report
was not only lauded "to the skies by his
friends in this country, but Was re-pul. fished
and praised in England, aa a "ixiluablt prac
tical auxiliary" to the commercial policy of
that country. Its intrinsic Value may be
estimated front the following prediction
which be placed upon record. We copy row
the National Intelligencer;
In Mr. Secretary Walker's Annual Re
port to Congress in 1847, he refers to the ta
ble C. C. annexed to it for the probable In
creased exports of domestic production ui
der a system of low duties, for which he
gives the fblowing figures, vis:
In 1848 $222,8S8,330 -
In 1849 - 339,959.093
la 1850 - 438,455,056 '
The actual result aa shown by the official
documents is, that the exports of domestic
In 1844 . ' . 0132,904,121
In 1849. . '.'.' 132,066,955 .
In 1850 ' ' ". 136,946,92a
Tho Scioto GauUepithly remarks that, "if
a cattle-feeder could not "guess off" a lot ol
fat steers, within 75 per cent, of tho true
weight, ho would be ruled out of tho profes
sion. What must we think of Secreta
ries acumen, who cannot come within one
hundred millions of dollars, in estimating the
effect of a favorite measure!" ' " '
Application or Thomas F. Meagher tor
Citizenship. We : learn from the New
York Tribune, that on Monday last, the
distinguished Irish exile, Thomas Francis'
Meagher, made a formal declaration to one
of the Judges' of the Superior Court, of his
intention of becoming a citixen of the Unit
ed States. The following is the form of
the oath to which ho subscribed;"
"I, Thomas Francis Meagher, do doclare
on oath, that it is bonajidti, my intention to
become a citizen of tho United 8tates,and
to renounce forever all allegiance and fidel
ity to any foreign prince, potentate or sov
ereignty whatever, and particulorlv to the
Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, of whom
I am now a subject.
Mr. J. P. Smyth, his Secretary, one of
those who was obliged to find ah asylum on
our shores, on account of his participation in
the revolutionary events of Ireland, follow
ed tho example of Mr. Meagher, and signi
fied his intention, In the same manner, of be
coming a citixen of this Government.
Where the Money ooes to. Tho fol
lowing quantities of Railroad Iron have
been imported during- tho periods designa
1850 70,000 tons.
1851 141.000 "
1852(eat limited) , 176,000 ." .
Probublo cost, hero, over nineteen million
of dollar. With a proper Tariff, every 'dol
lar of this money might have pnsscd into
tho pockets of American Artisans and Far
mers. Albany Jour.
Almost a Fire. On Saturday evening lunt,
some barrels of Flour wbhh had been stow
ed away In Mr. Boving'.! AY rehouse, from
the lato fire, and in whit !i it haJ not been
entirely extinguished, came very near set
ting tho Warehouse on fire; but at a fortu
nato moment, Mr. John Casey passed by and
discovorcd the flumes. Tho door was broken
open and with some assistance near at hand
the fire was promptly extinguished It was
fortunate for that portion of tho city, that tho
flames wore so soon discovered. As scon as
tho alarm was raised, our citizens promptly
repaired to the spot.
The Hickory Club. Owing o tho alorm of
firo, the Club on last Saturday evening was
rather slimly attended. Tho few Demo,
crats present were addressed by Dr. Kngay.
Ho attomptod to establish two points, that
the Whigs never elected a President by hon
est moans, and that the Locofoco. party, of
tho Union was in fuvor of tho Homestead
law. As ho undertook a difficult job, we will
attribute tho Imperfections of his specrh to
tho wcuknoss of its foundation. ' " '
A Rich IjOcal A Happy Retort. Two
young lricnds, ol opposite politics, wero
conversing the other .day, when tho Locofoco
remarked that "Gen. Scott was great In
great things and small In little things and
that Gen. Plorce was the opposite," "Ex
actly so,", said our young Whig friend.
' District Court Tho first session of this
Court, under (ho new Constitution, com
menced to-day, present Judges Thurmait,
Peck and Whitman. We wero not present
for any length of time, but whilo there we
noticed that the Attorneys outnumbered the
audience, aud with one exception, the latter
were all suitors.
Ms. Editor. By announcing Mr. A. L.
SIMMONS, as a candidate for Sheriff of
this county, at the ensuing election, you will
confer a favor ou his many friends. Ifo
lectod, he will make an excellent and effi
cient oflioer, .. Northern, Fairfield.
The above announcement is- handed to us
for publication. If Mr. Simmons consents
to serve, he will receive a largo and hand
some pull. Ho has many warm friends,, .
Presentiments. Wm. Bambor. recently
burned 10 death in Albany, had a most sin
gular presentiment of evil when ho loft his
young wifeon tho fatal evening. " It had
been for some timo his conviction that lib
should dio a violent death, and nn hour be
fore his death, ho mentioned the violent
fato of sflveral relative. Several times du
ring tho day of tho accidout, Lo exprosded
presentiments ol ImmediAto evil, and talked
about making a will.lookcd over his accounts,
wx. wnenno leit ins who ut first, horo.
turned, made her repeat somo music hes
itated, then kissed her, and said, ho would
bo backimniodiatnly. He returned a black
ened, burned and dying man.
A CUNUHRHS To lUut-LATB THE C
Several huropenn powor. havoaoceiil
proposition of Uio F.nh govern!,!
convoke a Congress ot, Londun, In o
A lyUNUHKHS To Uli.. . ... ,
an agreement respecting tha r..i,i...:.. . r
the coin. France, Denmark, Sweden, 8p
and Portugal have been specially nominated
Tho luvitotione have been ulteriorly tti.
urossea to tne states or ucrmanv. Tk
Congress will not commence Its delibera
tions till the month of November next:
meanwhile a statistical bureau will bo es
tablished for the purpose of making tho nec
The Horse Tbadi or tub West. flors J
es are carried By railroad from Cincinnati to
New York or Boston in five days, and for
the sum of f 13 each. The omnibus propri
etors of New York aro supplied from Cin
cinnati. The demand for good horses, says
tho Cincinnati Gaaette, eoatlnnes consider
ably ahoad of the supply.' The Mexican
war emptied the pasture fields and stables of
Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky and Illinois, and
caused a rise of fifty percent.
Anecdote or Scott The following an
ecdote was related to a writer in the Jersey
mn, in a faro-aotwe located in Virginia,
during a night spent there some tlx year
ago : ' '
" In December, 17, towards the close of
a dreary day, a woman, with an infant child
was discovered half buried, in the snow, by
a little Virginian, four years old. The lad
was returning from school, and hearing
moans of some one in distress, threw down
his sachel of books and repaired to tha spot
from whence the sound proceeded, with a
firmness becoming one in riper years., Ra
xing the snow from the benumbed body of
tho. mother and itaing- mean to awaken her
to a sense of her deplorable. couditioa, he
noble youth succeeded in getting her upon
her feet ; the infant, nestling on its moth
er's breast, looked towards their youthful
preservor and smiled, as it seemed, id grati
tude for Its preservation, . With a counte
nance full of hope, the gallant youth cheer
ed the sufferer on, himself bearing in hia
tiny arms the infant child, while the mother
leaurtd for support upon the shoulder of her
little conductor, ,." My home-is hard by,"
he would exclaim, aa oft as her spirits failed;
and thus, for three miles, did be. cheer on
ward to a happy haven the mother and child,
both of whom otherwise must have perished,
bad it not been for the humane feeling and
perseverance of this noble youth.. . , ,'r-
"A warm fire and kind attention soon re
lieved the sufferer, who, it appeared was in
search of her husband, an emigrant from
New Hampshire, a recent purchaser of a
farm in the neighborhood of near this
place. Diligent inquiry , for several. Jays
found him, and in five months after, the
identical houso In which we are bow setting
was erected and received the happy family.
The child grew up to manhood entered the
army, lost a limb at New Orleans, but re
turned to end his days in solaco to the de
clining years of his aged parents. , Where
are they now ! I asked the narrator.
4 Here,' exclaimed the son, I am the res
cued one, and thero is my mother, and here,
imprinted on my naked arm, is the name of
tne noble youth, our noble preserver J I
looked and read WixriELD Scott."
Old Maryland. The Rockville (Md.)
Journal says : " The Scott enthusiasm is
raging with a penect heat ! In every Slate
of the Union t o Whig heart is right the
Whig cause is onward, Old Lundy'a Lane,
who never sustained a defeat, will bear the
Whig flag triumphantly through the contest
Always a favorite with his soldiers, thou
sands of thoso scarred and weather-beaten
veterans of the Democratic party are now
shouting for their beloved old leader. . Fiom
Maine to California, the fame of the old hero
is familiarly known in every couuty, town
and hamlet.' His humanity, benevolence,
and afi'ectioji for his solditrs have, been dis
played in every act of his life. His devo
tion to his country, upon whom battle-fields
ho poured out his blood ; the many incalcu
lable services he has rendered the nation in
peace as in war, have p.cited the love and
gralitudn of the American people; and they
are determined to reward him by electing
him the next President or tho Uultod
The New York Germans Fob Scott.
Largo numbers of the Germans in New York
City who have heretofore voted with tlio De
mocracy, aro now put for Scott. Clubs
composed exclusively of German speaking
citizens have been formed in scverul wards
of the city, and have passed resolutions in
favor of the Whlgticket. That nart of Gen.
Scott's letter of acceptance relative to
lands for actual settlers is warmly approved
by them : and the advocacy of a Protective
Tariff, and Harbor . and River Improve
ments, by Uie Whig party, specially com
mended and endorsed. They doclare that
they have found that Democtacy is but a
name, and that the Whigs are tho party who
really advocuto measures that will give work
to the laborer, and land to tho settler, devel
ope the resources of tho country, and pro
tect thorn from tho competition of labor
abroad, which starves under the ' tyranny
from which they huve flod. Cin. Atlas. .
Children or Pbisonern. " When I was
in Berlin," save a nomiUir writer. " I went
into a public prison and visited every part
of the establishment. At last I was intro
duced to a very large hall, which was full of
children, with their books, and having tho
appearance of a Prussian school-room.
1 Wliut I ' said I,' is It poHsible that all these
children uro imprisoned here for crime!'
' Oh no,' suid my conductor, smiling at my
simplicity j but If a parent Is imprisoned
here Tor crime, and on that account his chll--dim
are1 loft destitute of tho means of edu
cation, and are liable to grow up In Igno
ranro and crime, the government places
them here and maintains and educates them
for useful employments.' This was a new
idea to me." I know not that it has ever
been suggested in this country." : '
TRAtE Between Brazil ai the Uni
tkb States. A letter from Rio Janviro, in
tho New York Ttinos, draws attention to the
inequality of the trahe between Brazil and
the United Statvs. Our country takes of
Brazil Doo-hnlf of its immense coffeo crops
costing millions of dollars, all of which en
ters our ports free'of duty, Brazil, howover
imposes a duty of thirty por conk upon the
flour from the United States, forty-fivo por
cent, on our furniture, one hundred and fifty
pur coin, pneurnnges, and admits nothing
under thirty per , cent. , Mr,. Schcnck, our
presnet minister to that country has en
deuvorcd to get these restric. ions on Ame
rican commerce removed, but. vi fur. with-
outeffect.. The correspondent of the Times
proposes as a remedy, to restore eaualitv of
irntie, mai mo united States should nut a
duty upon coffee.
Durino tho rocent elections la Groat Bri
tain, one of tho candidates for Edinburgh
called Upon a tradesmanTto solicit his vote'.
"I Would rathor roto for tho devil than for
you," was the reply.: "But, in easo your
Inend should not como forward." said the
candidate, "might I then count upon your
asslatanco." ' '.. -
. ftirTho efforts of the Democratic orirans
to gather up something from tho history 'of
tne Mexican war to gioruy their nominee,
reminded us of the fellow a gorxf 'deal the
worso for liquor, who tried to pocket tho
shadow of a swinging sign for, a handker-
J. ' "
(KrTho editor of a South American pa
per saya: "Wo hud the- pleasure of cnlov-
uig an invitation to. be present on the occa
sion of nn amputation of two legs above Uo
knee, a short time since.'.' . , .,
A gentleman describing tho absurdity of
a'liiun dancing tho Polka, suid " that it ap
peared as ii tno individual had a bole In his
pocket, and 'Was futilely endeavorinc to
shako a shilling out of the leg of hia trow
serB," ...'.. ..... .
"Thk Southern. Priss" published st
Washington City, has ceased to exist.
inaaennquoncy or the subscribers Is giv
en as the reason, by the editor In hie vale.
nnn . y." tnm W,,0TO b ,UtCS about $40,
000 Is duo.
(ttIf you ao 11 ...:. i'
Itude of your wife, what course should be
E"".MW lU o"auence.1 Double
--r- juw leu arm, aud let your
Drought in Kektockt. The Lou iavilU
Journal saya the corn and tobacco am ...n-
ring severely from drought In Grayson and
adjoining counties in Kentucky. There haa
boon no rain for forty days. . Th ,(armera
despair of nuking any crop at alL
Arrival ef the Franklin.
New York, A u trust 18. The Franklin
arrived from Havre with 120 passengers,
and a cargo valued at 2,000,000. ..
Cotton market- at Liverpool not quite ao
:ron i sales ou Saturday 10,000 .bales
Flour 6d dearer t western canal 19s 6d(S30s;
Philadelphia and Baltimore-19 6d30s 6d ;
Uhio 31323s. Wheat advanced a trine ;
red and mixed 5s 8dSs lOd ; white 6s Id (3
6s 3d. Corn white 28s 6d30s 9d ; mixed
yellow 80s.' -Bacon long middling 53s.
Beef mess 120a 140. , Porkmess 88a95.
Barrelled Iarda8a60s ; pure03a62s. ' Ham
- No significance attached at London to
Webster's note relating to the fisheries.
Accounts from France and Belgium are
exceedingly unfavorable. ; The wheat crops
in South France are )stimated at ont. fourth
deficiency, and that of rye nearly one-half.
The Belgium wheat in consequence, has
risen on the continent to from 4 to 6s per
qr., rye 60c, . Provincial trade healthy, and
slightly advanced in prices. . ,
The news of the fishing difficulty produced
a alight decline in stock and exchauire, sub
sequently revived. Money easy and abun
dant. Mexican bonds improved. Commer
cial affairs healthy. '. , .'. i . v .
Letters from Paris say the appointment of
M. Fould Minister of State created great
surprise, and caused considerable rise in
t rench funds. - The elections in the depart
ments favored the rovernmenU - It was
stated that a French fleet was about to bom
bard Tripoli.. A complete failure of the vin
tage on the. Island ef Madeira. .
' ITiuxlcrs lu Buffalo.,,,., ,
Bcffaxo, Aug. 16. A most terrible mur
der was committed in , this city this morn
ing, about 3 o'clock, at No. 185 east Gen
esee street, in the dwelling of Joseph Hart-
man, ine nouse was entered by two ne
groes, and Mr. Hartman yvas killed while in
bed asleep, by a blow, from a heavy iron bar.
. m i I i.i, . .
uuiuucr xruwunuga neiu on luqucsi mis
morning, from which we learn that about 3
o'clock Mrs. Hartman was awaked by a
noise In the room. On looking up she saw
two negroes. .Her husband was immediate
ly struck with an iron instrument, killing
him Instantly. -The negroes then went into
grocery,, which was in tho. same house,
and up stairs. Mrs. Hartman then got np,
when the negroes came down one of them
camo into the room and struck her several
times with a club, breaking her arm. She
gave the alarm, when the villains fled, and
nothing was, taken from the house.. The
cause that prompted tho. bloody deed re
mains a mystery., Much other testimony
was taken, and a verdict rendered of murder
by persons unknown.
A villain by the name of Darrow, Was ar
rested on - Saturday, charged with beating
and biting his wife the poor woman died
yesterday, (Sunday the 15th,) from the ef
fects ol her wounds. No person was in the
house when she died; she was found dead by
her neighbors. The murderer" is now in
jail. '' ' " i
., Arrival from California. . ' j
New York, Aug. 14. Illinois arrived i
with nearly $2,000,000 in cold and 350
passengers. : She brings California dates up
to July 14th, and Panama to the 37th. '.
California new of but little interest
Collisions with the Indians continue. A
party of white men under Maj. Harvey at
tacked a party of Pasqnals and killed 25.
Another party of whites under Lieutenant
Mooro attacked a band of Indians on the
Mencede river, killing 0 and taking 12 pris
oners. Tho Barley crop of the Sacramento
valley has been harvested. Yield heavy and
grain of superior quality. . . :
- A meeting was hold at Mariposa on the
4th of July to take into consideration the
propriety of expelling tbo entire-population
from tho country; . v '.
Tho stock in the San Franciscowind Ma
ryavillo Tulegraph Company is nearly all
tuken. A now democratic paper in the Gtr.
man language has lately been started in
San Francisco. Tho news from tho mines
Markets of Han Franrisco animated
Hams, large lots,-3032r.; heavy sales Lord
at 40a42c; rlenr pork $40 per Lb I, moss $32
a35, prime $33. Southern pine lumber $?0.
Carolina rico In fair request rit (he advance
quoted, 20fi23. ' " ., '.
(Jen. I on Slavery. .
' Baltimore,- August U Tho Washing
ton Republic, of this morning, publishes a
correspondence between Edwin DeLeonJato
editor of tho Southern Press, and Frank
Pierce Do Leon -asked Pierce lithe reports
published of his Boston speech were correct.
Piorco -replies that the reports aro grossly
und absurdly false, and asserts that he has
always been denounced as a pro-slnvcry man
by tho Manchester Democrat and the Con
cord Independent Democrat, and refers to
his courso in Congress and his acceptance
of the Democratic platform as guaranties of
his soundness on tho slavery question. ,He
I am not surprised to know that the 'at
tempt to prove me an abolitionist provokes
mucn merr meni among men or all part.e,
here, and th
is woaK ana untruthful sketch ofi
what purports to be my speech is too rldicii
lous to be considered in any serious liirht."
- iuvb o iviiu ib uniuu uiicoru, July 23
- Troiu lii West.
LoiiisvitLH, August 13. An extra sess
ion' of tho Missouri Legislature has been
called to meet on the 30th instant, to enact
some necessary laws relative to tho recent
grant of land for the Pacific Railway.
the Whigs of the Eleventh District in
Indiana have nominated J. M. Wallaco for
Congress.- ; .. " ? ...
The Democrats have nominated J. W.
Rohs in tho Fourth District.
Tho St. Louis Republican Bays that the
returns received. indicato tho election of two
Whig Congressmen from Iowa. ;
I'mm Johns, &c.
Boston, Aug. '11. A ball was given to
Commodore Perry, at St. Johns, on the 10th
inst. ' . , .
Tho Mississippi would sail for Halifax on
Friday. , . ,
. A British war steamer had made
pearanceoff Bathurst. . . .
St. John papers oxultover the announce
meni that Lord Derby had taken the, matter
from .. Mr. Grampian. ,iThey think. Lord
Derby will stand hy the colonioa.i,
Washinoton, Aug. 15. The House was
engaged in. debating tho Wheeling bridge
case and the bill granting lands fur tlio ben
efit of the insano. The Senate was engag
ed In discussing the appropriation for a ship
canal around tho falls of St. Mary. Mr.
Cass advocated the measure, and during his
speech, doc lor od that he had no objection to
tho acquisition of Canada or Cuba, could it
be done without War, or If thero should be
War, then to take thero. ' V '
.... - 1
North Carolina Hcctlon.' '
Baltimore, Aug. 15 All the counties
in except Macon, Cherokee, Yancy and Car
rituck. The vote stands: Reid, 39,479;
Kerr, Whig, 85,117. Retd's net gain 912.
The House of Commons stands, 61 Whigs,
55 Democrats. Cherokee, Haywood,' Tyr
rell, and Macon counties to hear from .-no
doubt of a Whig majority on joint ballot.
; ' ' s v ' Fire. , ' '' ;l '
SFRiNoriEiD, Mass., Aug. 16. The stor
age house of the Conway Manufacturing
Company .burnt this morning. It contained
50,000 pounds o( wool. Lots, about $20,-
Tuesday Evening, AnujcaM IV, 18S&
"Extravagance or tie Whio Adminis
tration." The Locofoco Magnates, from
Ex-Socretrry Buchanan down to Senator
Borland, have had a great deal to aay about
Whig extravagant, and tho necessity of a
change of Administration in order to secure
a reduction of the National expenses. The
sasertions of these gentlemen, were nt the
time ably refuted by Whigs on the floor of
Congress and. elawhere, J But argument to
show the baseless character of these charg
es wore unnecessary, as the official figures
themselves do that' and more. ' The Nation
al Intelligencer contains the important an
nouncement that the accounts of the past
fiscal year are made up, and that the expen
diture bad been reduced to $45,950,&OO; and
of this sum$ 1 ,867,649 was for the redemption
of the public debt. The amount last year
was $48,005,000, of which only $521,255
waa for redemption of public debt. The re
duction of the actual ordinary expenditureof
the 'year ending' June SO, -1852; compared
with that of 1851, has been $3,601,000.
Since the present administration came into
power there has been , redeemed of the public
debt $12,000,000, due to Mexicoras the bal
ance of indemnity for California, and $2,259,
000 'due. American citizens under the treaty
with thatGovernment for spoliations. Up
on that portion of the debt, ao extinguished,
there has been paid $1,000,000 in interest,
equal to nearly $500,000 per annum, which
will now no longer require to be paid. ' And
upon the entire debt loft by Mr.. Polk and
his Democratic supporters and allies, there
has bees paid during the same time, $ 14,
680,000 of- interest. The Burplus in the
Treasury Is now just equal to tho amount of
debt . extinguished; and if the laws under
which i the Democratic borrowers saddled
this debt upon the country admitted of it,
that sum could be immediately applied to' Its
extinction, and we should next year have; to
pay $900,000 less of interest than we shall
be compelled to pay under tho operation of
those laws. ' ' v '' ' 1
"This luminous expose," says the .New
York Times, "shows that $10,955,000 of
last years' disbnrsemennts consisted of ex
penses directly growing out of the Mexican
war, and .left us as a memento by our late
democratic rulers. In addition to this sum,
it Is made to appear that $8,704,000 of the
8ggr,g'te 'expenditure consisted of items
which formed no part of tho annual expenses
of Government during Mr. Folk's terra or
office, and which arc tho consequences of
measures forced upon the country by him and
his adherents.; Tho deduction of these ex
traordinary charges reduces tho current una
voidable expenses of the .Government, for
which . this administration is responsible, to
28,343,065.' This is about what they would
have been had the Government been in
Whig hands since 18-14, and what they will
be, at the present rote of reduction, if Gen.
Scott be elected. Tho choice botween Gen.
Scott and Gen. Pierce therefore would seem
to be betweon a taxation of twenty-eightand
one of forty-eight millions of dollars styear.'
- Pierce and Kino against tub Poor Set
tlers. On page 113-19, of tho Senate
Journals, 3d session 20th Congress, wo find
that Franklin Pierce and Win. R. v King,
voted agsinst, and by their Votes defeated,
the following amendment to tho hill provid
ing fur the reduction and graduation of the
price of public lauds:.
."Sf.c, 3. And be it further enacted, That,
when any. of the public lands of the United
States have romained unsold fur the spacoof
ntieen years alter tno termination or the
public sales, the same may be entered and
purchased by actual settlers, on th" follow
ing terms and conditions, to wit: If a set
tler is desirous to purchase for hit residence
eighty, or less thau eighty acres, ha may en
ti-r uiiii iuri:nau me same at ou cents per
The proposition for tho protection pftho
poor settlers was reject, dy cat 21, nays 23;
Piorco and King, present democratic candi
dates for Prosldont and Vice President, vot
ing in tho negative, against Messrs. Clay
and Crittenden, of Kentucky, and Foster, of
Tennessee, who supported the amendment
IfPiorce and King had voted for instead of
against tho proposition . for the' benefit of
poor settlers, the result would have been pre
cisely reversed and the vote, Instead of be-
ineaaainst it. 23 to 21. would hsv W
., r, " 0l . a . .. 'Z '
it 23 to 2 1 . ' Such is tho practical Democracu
aooui wnicn we hear so much serf-yannting
Land Reform, Tho land reformers give
fair warning to the Democracy. . They say
to them that if the Democratic Senate re
fuse to pass tho Homestead bill, they will
hold the Democracy responsible for it at the
polls.; They have about 16,000 voters in
New York. Mr. Fetch, a Locofoco, la chair
man of tho Senate committee that has re
ported against this bill. Tho following res
olutions have a oumf to them that will make
them Interesting to somo folks. ' They were
adopted at a Convention of land reformers
in. New York: ': , -. ..
1. ; That as the suocesa or defeat of the
free Homestead bill depends ontirely upon
the Democratic members of the Senate of
the United States, of which body they eon
stitute a decided majority, we will hold the
Democratic party of the United States re
sponsible for its passage before the close of
the present session of Congress; and It is
further resolved: i r , ,
2. That If the said bill should not be pas
sed at the present session of Conirress. it
will be because tho rights and interests of
Humanity and of tno groat Democratic Mas
ses : have been corruptly sold to purchase
support of the Democratic Presidential tick
et frdin aristocratic and speculati'vo clioues.
or because the Democracy of the leaders of
tne democratic party is not hearty . but su
perficial, a Democracy of words and ruBA
ses. clamorously reiterated as passports to
the public treasury.
.-. .j. , . ..ii I....- . v.!
(fir A good anecdote Is told us of a good.
w nig m Montgomery county, wmcn we
must relate. When Scott waa nominated
he , swore he would not vote for him. He
went to hear Col. Henry speak to the people
on the first Monday In July in Scett's favor.
He camo out and said he would not vote for
Scott, but he would vote for his eloctors
very strong. A Democrat soon offered to
bet on Pierce; and the Whig took him up
and staked the money. That night his wife
had a fine boy child, and he named him
Winfield Scott. Now, says our correspond
ent, did he not come out with s rush 1 A
hr-aty word should not bind man's life a--gainst
hia deliberate judgment and feelings.
Nashville Banner . ,
..Tni Massacre on Board the American
Shif Robert. Bowne. We gave, tome
time since, an account of . the massacre of
all but two of the crew of the American ship
Robert Bowne, by Coolies, on the passage
fromAmoy to San Francisco. The crew
consisted of 19 men, and the passenger of
410 Chinese. Joseph Valentine, the stew
ard, and a man named Smith, are the names
of the two men whose lives were spared;
and we find in thelloog Kong papers the
deposition of Valentine, In which he details
the particnlarrof the massacre, as already
published, and gives the following, in addi
tion, which led to the outbreak: - -. -"The
captain, in order to- maintain
cleanliness, cut off the tails of a great many
of ' the Coolies, and obliged them ' to
come on deck and be washed all over In
cold water,, the men scrubbing them with
cane brooms. The Coolies evinced much
concern at losing their tails, many of them
' On this, the Hong Kong Register thus
comments. k ..,., ; j,,
,"T Chinese, although, , the tail. is
originally a badge of servitude jion-Aainr in.
jury or affront can be offered him than the
cutting It off. This is known to every one
iu the least dogree conversant with Chinese
manners. But it is not so penerallv Annum
.1 . t. - - . , i . .
timi iub uuence wnicn goea in tne next
strongest degree to the heart of a China
man, is the striking or menacing him with a
broom. All nations have their prejudices,
and they deserve to be respected moro or
A respectable Chinaman would far pre
fer being flogged by a common jailor to ta
king the risk of bad luck which he - be
lieves is sure to follow the degradation -of
being beaten with a broom. It is singular
that the captain of the Robert Bowne should
have fallen upon the two punishments of all
others the most exasperating to the feelings
oi iuioese. w e nope ma snioroasters will
be taught a lesson from this, aa well as the
many other cases of a similar nature which
have lately been made public." .-.
An eyo witness ot the catastrophe, at the
close of his account published In the China
Mall, says: "I forgot to- mention another
circumstance one of the . Coolies came
across the medicine chest, or rather the
ptace where the medicines were kent. and
thinking he had fallen in with something
very nice, took one of the bottles contain
ing some liquid, set himself down, snd emp
tied it, eating buscuit with it. About three
hours afterwards he turned his toes up!'
To Prevent Pitting bt the Small Pox.
Mr. ooion KoDinson, in a communication
In the "Plough, Loom and Anvil,", recom
mends the following to prevent pitting by
tne small pox:
"Get from the apothecary a little vial of
stuff called 'liquid cuticle,' and as soon
the pustules are fully formed apply a little
of the liquid with a little brush or feather to
each one. Aa fast aa they get ripe, remove
the scab and wipe away the matter, clean,
and apply the liquid again. If any of them
nil a second time, you must remove the cov
enng and repeat the process-. It will smart
like fun for a moment, but, my word for it,
when you recover you shall not find a mark
upon that pretty faee of yours to prove you
.ever bad the disease. I am told the article
is made of gun-cotton, dissolved in chloro
form. It forma an artificial skin over the
wound just as good as the real one."
The Chippewa Cu4. There was a glorious
set of enthusiastic Scott men at the Court
House last cveningj all alive to the impor-
tn nee of tli e canvass and full of admiration
for their gallant leader. We have not wit
nessed more ardent enthusiasm for many a
yeRr."- "The ball Is rolling on." The Club
"was ably ond eloquently addressed by Wm.
Pt Creed, Esq., whose admirable, portraiture
of tho civil and military qualifications of
Gon. Scott brought down the house. He
wtis followed by Chas.. Borland, Esq., who
mode a few remarks, spiced with many cx-
afln, - ..... r I r I n, n . .
'"' ' "ur luriwu irionus.. i ne 1.1UO
adjourned with countless cheersfor .the
:'The Corn CVo. So far as this county is
concerned,' it is generally supposed that the
fine rttiu of yesterday will bring forward the
com crop and that we shall have fair ay
erago yield. Previously, there had been
well-grounded fears of " partial failure. '
07-The small breed of puppies who bark
through the columns of the Telegraph, have
been snapping at the Oaiettt for several
weeks past. In , hopes of attracting its at
tention. If this notice will be of any ben
efit to them, they can have it "gratis.
Thunder Storm and Death. During a
severe thunder storm, on Thursday- afternoon-
last.Mr. Jonathan W. Snow, of Tomp
kins county. N. Y., was Instantly killed by
lightning. He was in the field gathering
hay. . The lightning struck the tongs of the
hay-furk, melting one of them, and passing
down the shank- of the fork inside of
the handle and out of the nail-bole
which held .the fork, and then down the
handle to where it rested on his shoulder,
broke the handle short off, and passed down
his shoulder and left side down both legs,
taking the bottom entirely off both boots.and
tearing the legs Into several pieces, and
throwing them some distance from him.
The fluid passed into the ground under his
feet, making a hole several Inches in diame
ter. When his father, who was few rods
from him.and who was considerably stunned
also, came to him', his clothes were o fire,
and torn into fragments.
' How thb Thinb Works in Tennesske.
We find the following In the last number of
the Nashville Banner. If we were to re
cord all the similar signs in Kentucky that
have been communicated to us, we appre
hend that even the military editor would
shake in their military boota and cocked
hats: htm. Jour. 1
We bear of one neighborhood in Mar-
shall county, in which eighteen or twenty
Democrats are understood to be for Win
field Scott for President. , We understand a
Democratic Senator; Mr. P. Davis, lately
visited the neighborhood and made them a
speech, and was met by another Democrat,
Mr. JBuck Hill, who, though unaccustomed
to stump speaking, soon placed the Senator
nor au comoat. Tnore Sre plenty or similar
indications in other counties. ,. . .
. Served them Right. A few days since.
on the upward trip of the steamer Sultana
from New Orleans to Louisville." several
passengers were robbed. The captain or
dered an Immediate search, and the stolen
property was found on the persons of three
well drossed younir men. v. ho were taken
to the woods, tied to trees, severely whipped,
and left ashore; but having made some
threats, they were afterwards taken o
board, and when the boat arrived at Padis-
cah they were, sent to board in jaiL .- V -k
Dive Disney anil Doc. Olds both voted
against the River and Harbor bill. The
former is the worthy representative of the
greatest commercial city of the West; and
the, lattst is consistent member. 01 tne
Pierce ' anti-internal improvement .' party.
They expect to merit the snppest of the
people, as the master of a spaniel wins the
love of his dog, by laahing them soundly. :
TofheFrtende orK-ott an4 Grsw
, Lam. ;'
At the State Convention held In this place
on th 3 1st day of July last, toe following:
resolution was unanimously adopted :
ifcwxwn, mat power bo confemd ukm
the State Central Committee, by thla Con
vention, to call a Whig Haas Ratifloatioit
Convention, fixing such time and fUe as
tbey may -deem expedient, - and -eJjo to or
ganise a well digested system of county
meetings.-- .t ; ; 3 .
In pursuance of this authority, and la
compliance ith rtMarou -requests, th
Committee now designate the 9th day of Sep
tender, proximo, and Columbus as the place
for a Grand Central Reunion of th fplnj
of Western Interests, of Domeetio Industry
Kit 1.1 h tl n ..J . . ' '
"- w .ivnr mum DttmniQ WttO UmW
done so much to illustrate and ennoble A'
merican history; The ConmitiM -n.M
have preferred the week' next following th
one named, in point of time, but that is
already appropriated to the- Agricultural
State Fair an institution havinr for its oh.
jertthe prosperity of too many of the same
industrial interests to wnicn the whig party
is devoted, to allow of the selection of any-
period for .our Convention which would di
vert attention from it, or prevent our friend
from attending both. And we did not deem
it advisable to postpone our Convention to
period later than the Fair. The Commit
tee have under advisement a system of
County Meetings, to be held afterwards,
which they willannounce in due time.
The Committee have received so many ad
vices from various Quarters of tha State nf&
disposition on the part of many heretofore
not roung tno vy nig ticket, to throw aside
their supposed allegiance to a platform
which proposes nothing, and to a candidate
who has achieved nothing, and to rally with
intelligent independence to a positive sup
port of American Industrial Interests con
nected with the use of the name of a most il
lustrious American ' Patriot, that they deem
It proper to state thst the. only teat that
should be ' applied is, not who haa been with
us heretofore, but who is with us now. The
invitation is equally broad to all true friend
of the country, to its industry end its domee-
sic commerce. - -- - -. , - . . -
Invitations hare been sent to Hon. Rnfna
Choate, Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, Hon.
Francis Granger, Hon. Wm. H. Seward,
Horace Greeley .Erastus Brooks, Gov. Jones,
of Tennessee, Gov. Bebb of Illinois, Mr.
Eatea of Missouri; Gen. Leslie Combe of
Kentucky, Schuyler Colfax of Indiana, and
other distinguished orators. Though some
of them may not be able to attend, there will
without question be so'much good speaking
talent heae as to insure a lively and instruct
ive time. It is intended in part to honor and
promote reunion of military and civic vir
tues, and therefore military companies, glee
clubs, bands of music, tc, Sic., will be quite
in order. v .
' A. F. PERRY,
j- .-. . . JOSEPH RIDGWAY,, ,
LEWIS HEYL, , ,
J. B. CALDWELL,
JOHN MILLS, . . - -EDWARD
THOMAS W. TIPTON,
' ' . Slate Central Cimmittee.
' Columbus, August 14, 1852.
Minister to England. The National
Intelligencer announcesjthat Mr. Lawrence,
our minister to Great Britain, having, at his
own urgent solicitation, been recalled, the
President has nominated Joseph R. Inger
soll, of Pennsylvania.to that mission. This
says The Intelligencer, seems to be a com
pliment not only due to the ability and high
character of Mr. Ingersoll, but also very
justly due to Pennsylvania, as that Stato
has at present no full mission nor members
of the cabinet. Mr. Lawrence has been a
very popular minister abroad, but there can
be no donbt that his place will be folly ap
plied by Mr. Ingersoll, who is a gentleman
of accomplished manners, and has bad much
experience in public affair, ,
05The notorious and infamous Captain
Rynders, of New York, has Jbeen arrested
and put under bonds for committing an as
sault upon Captain Garret, of the 6th ward
police. Capt. G. was a soldier under Gen.
Scott in Mexico and is resolved to vote for
him for President, though he has always
been a decided Democrat.and to punish him
for his bold avowal of purpose, this uuhung
scamp, Rtndebs, presumed to commit a bru
tal personal assault upon him.- How long
will such blackguard bullies go unwhipt of
justice? It is disgrace to New York that
he is tolerated as he is in that community.
Ohio Staff Journal. ' ' - '-- ' -
The Fisheries aro thk Navy An ex
perienced naval officer saya that several ves
sels now at the New York navy yard will
be put in order immediately, and await ad
vices from Washington. He does not an
ticipate any serious trouble about the fishe
ries, but ia of opinion that, owing to the No
va Scotians' hatred of Americans, there may
be a brash with the colonial authorities. Ad
miral Seymour, of tho British souadron. ia
spoken of in the navy as a friend to the Uni
ted States, and will, no doubt, see that jus
tice ia done to both parties. ' . ' .' '
, - i- . - 1 1 ' "i
OCrln 1848 the township oi Anderson
furnished, her proportion of voters to the
Van Buren Free Soil ticket. Nearly if not
quite H these were drawn from the Whig
party. . In our sojourn here we have con
versed with most of them, and have the first
one to meet yet that will not vote for Gen
Scott next November. They have no Idea
that treachery shall lead them into the ranks
of Locofocoism. Judge this and Judge that
may go where they ploase, but they don't
find it convenient to follow. .There ia no
question but that . Scott is a ' much, better
friend to Freedom than many of these who
essayed to be the immaculate in that line.
Steamboat Disasters. From a list of
steamboat disasters in this country and Eu
rope, given by the New York Journal of
Commerce, it appears that during the past
eight months 056 human beings have lost
their lives. Of these 856 persons, 6031 be
longed to European atesnnera. anil nn lnat
by disasters occasioned by wreck and fire.'
In ono instance, the wreck of the Birken
head, off the coast of Africa, 450 perished.
Upon our ost lakes and rivers during the,
tune stated, 353 have lost their lives, tho
greatest number at one time resulting from
the recent destruction of the Henry Clay-bj
fif.., .... , ,v; c:t-"
The English PARtiAMENT.--Among the
members of the new British Parliament wo
notice from Ireland, Mr. Gavan Duffy, the
fulminatorof fierce invectives against the.
Paxort ia the Nation newspaper. Among
the rejected are Bernal, Chairman Of Way
and Means for the last' thirty years; lord
Ebrington a respectable Whig; - Cornwelt
Lewis, great in . Poor . Law, statistics;. Mr.
Horseman, the exponent of sborch abuses;
Sir B. Buxton, who sometimes made goea
speeches-and brewed good ale; Chlsaolna'
Anstey; George- Thompson; Mr. Futdtov-
Tax Small Pox. It i estimated that m
less than 3,600 person suffered from, this
mallglant disease in New York city dudng
the last year. Dr. Kelly.under whose charge ,
la the Small' Pox Hospital on Blackwell's ,
Island, state in his last annual report that
S44 cases earner under hia - treatment, and it
also appears from the report of tha City In
spector that 686 deaths occurred from, tho
same cause. -'