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The Weekly Lancaster gazette. (Lancaster, Ohio) 1852-1855, November 11, 1852, Image 2

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fyt Vttlh Gazttte.
CITY OF LANCASTER:
Monday Evening, Nv. 8,1833
Moderi Democracy. "The history of
the Ut session of Congress teaches usun
roistakeably that there is NO 8AFETY IN
NOMINAL DEMOCRATIC MAJORI
TIES IN CONGRESS. Unrestrained by
the veto, we hare found that men calling
themaelrea Democrats and elected by Dem
ocrata leave us upon nearly every measure
aldressed to their selfish or seetional feel
ingsand upon all measures envolving
heavy expenditures of money." Richmond
Enquirer.
There it is, in black and white, an allu
sion to the passage of the River and Harbor
. bill and other appropriations for Internal Im
provement, ana an appeal to the Virginia
n - . T.. I. tit I -
isnuiocracy vu support r ran fierce, uecsuoe
he will restiainthe action of the People's
Representatives by his Veto. By this De
mocracy, he was first proposed to the Con
vention; by this Democracy ,he was sustained
and nominated; and by this Democracy, he
will be controlled. And what is it!
If any Constitutional Monarch in Europe,
exercises greater power than this, let him be
pointed out.. If there is anyone measure
more directly opposed to the genuine princi
ples of a Representative Democracy, let us
have it. There is no Democracy in it. It
lm ftn r.rm m a, nnuiAvi a n nrOUDnl IrlA
passage of any law, of any appropriation.
It ta wrong in principle; it Is wrong in prac
tice. It gives the President the control Of
the immediate representatives of the peo.
pie and sets him up as the Kinq. Names
are nothing. The Queen of England can
make Nobles; the President of the United
Slates can form an army of office-holders.
In this respect, he has the advantage, for his
power is greater. She holds her office for
life; he for a term ol years but his prerog
atives, under the principles of the Virginia
Democracy, are more dangerous. The fath
ers of the Constitution were divided in opin
ion upon this question of power, and the re
cent history of the country shows that their
fears were well founded. But they were
laughed at by the Federalists. These men
did nut conceive that corrupt men would ob
tuin power and use this prerogative against
the wishes of the majority. '
Col. Allen, of Chillicotho, in his speech
at the Locofoco Mass Meeting in this city,
charged the Whig party with being in favor
of a Kiag. Like other charges, it was only
made to attract the attention of the people
from his own opinions in regard to the one
man power for in tho above extract, from n
leading Locofoco paper, is contained all that
is necessary to constitute a King, call him
what you may. He is an Instrument em
ployed to defeat, by the use of the voto
power, the will of the people, and that is
not Democracy.
And this is not all. President Polk usurp
ed another prerogative denied to him by
the Constitution, and was defended by his
entire parly. He indirectly declared war
with another nation, without the consent
of Congress. Pierce can do tho same thing
and will be defendod by the same party.
The Autocrat of Russia van do no more.
The Queen of England has no greater pow
er, The former has control of the purse;
tits latter has not. In this only dues the
Despotism of Russia differ from tho Consti
tutional Monarchy of England and the Rep
resentative Republic of the United States.
The Queen of England gots supplies by giv
ing titles to monibors of Parliament; tho
President of the United States has proved
himself equally successful by the usouf his
appointing power. Wherein do Ihey dif.
fori
Demagogues talk about Constitutional
power whenever any measure is demanded
for the interests of the country. Whenever
protection Is askod, fur American Industry;
whenever appropriations aw .needed for the
Improvement of Rivers and I fir bora or im.
portant Internal Improvements; whenev
er grants of Land are solicited for important
public enterprises these men crow learned
and talk about Constitutional law; but the
use of the Veto power to defeat tho will of
the people, the universal proscription of all
men who do not agree in opinion with the
President, the plunging of tho country into a
War those are matters intended to advance
the interests of a particular party and about
the constitutionality of which there can be
no doubt! There is none, there can bo no
Democracy in such a party. Tho practice
is opposed to the first principles of Republi
can government, and these men arc no more
entitled to the name than tho Prince Pres
ident of Prance. Power Is what he wants,
for himself and friends; power is what Lo
cofcoism contends for, that the leaders may
have the spoils of office.
There is but one remedy for this state of
affairs, and that i with the people. Instead
of depending upon others for information, let
them seek it for themselves. Keep these
demagogue out or office, and put honest
men in their places who will not permit tho
provisions of- tlio Constitution to be violated
with Impunity. Look ol tho lives of men,
rather than their professions. He who la
bors for the improvement of tho city ami de
votes hie time and energies to the public
good, Is worthy of your support. Ho wbo
i selfish, cold and calculating in oil he due,
is not the man to entrust with power. The
former only, desires it, that he may have op
portunity to advance tho interests of ike city;
the Utter strives for it that lie msjt he per
sonally benefitted. So they are judged' by
the community. A different standard ought
not to be erected' in Slate and National af
fairs. The same rule is applicable there.
The man who is truly devoted to the ad
vancement of the public good, never thinks
of trumpeting his own fame. Consciom .-I
duty performed, he leaves his reputation in
the hands of his fellow-citlzens. But he
who is tUiviug for personal advancement,
la continually prating of his own excellenc
ies ia order to avoid a suspicion that ho is a
aelftsu and calculating man. It is such in
dividuals that usurp powcr,pcculate with the
public funds, and would as soon be under a
despotism ov a mooarchy-as RepubUd, pro
vided they have secure place.
Mule The MaysvifuYfljTsavs. Ken.
tucky sends annually to market thlrty.thou
sand mules, worth from 3,000,000 to $4j.
000,000.
TBS PRESIDENTIAL ,EXECTlOS.SlXty
counties in Ohio abow a gain of about 3,500
since the State election. The majority will
be about 15,000. New York city gives
Pierce over 11,000. The State will give of that kind are thankfully reeeiveq ai una
him30,000. Kentucky giveaScott about2,000 1 office. Next Monday, the "biennial" Le
majority. Maryland goea for Pierce by 5,- j gialature continues its "t emi-annual, ses-
000. Georgia rolls op 20,000 for Pierce,
Tennessee is reported Locofoco 6y 3.000.
Virginia shows slight gains for Pierce.
Massachusetts stands, Scott 54,205; Pierce
40,108, Hale 20,008;Webster and acattering
1,850. Philadelphia county and city, Pierce
26,022; Scott 24.573; Hale 626; Brown 1,
148. California is not vet in. It is confi
dently expected that it will go for Scott, if
he getavotesenough; it not, Pierce will ear'
ry the State.
Fraces, &.C. The venerable Editor of
the National Intelligencer bears his testimo
ny to the disgraceful Locofoco frauds which
have characterized this canvass. He says:
Through a life-long experience as con
ductor of this journal, we must aay that we
have never seen the public press so degraded
as it has been within the last 30 or 40 days,
by the propagation of the most shameless
falsehoods in regaru not on ry io me mg
candidate for the Presidency, mil to me ex
isting Adininistrstion of the Government,
which, instead of being subjected to the vil
lainous aspersions cast upon it, deserves
from everv ecod citizen the most hearty
thanks and commendation for its loyslitv to
the Constitution, the Laws, and the faith ol
Treaties, and the exertions which it has
made and is muking to sustain them ill in
full vigor. As lor the telegraphic reports
which are flying from one end of tho coun
try to the other.conceriiingthe pending par
ty contest, the safest plan is to distrust al
most everything intended to affect tho Elec
tion, as in nine times out of ten they are
not worthy of confidence.
Cheat Crop or Wheat. Mr. Apthorp.
a farmer of the town of Riga, in this cuunty ,
harvested lost Summer, o field of wheat con
taininir twelve acres, yielding over six hund
red bushels, or fifty bushels to the acrs.
Two acres and a. half, part of this field
produced at the rate of 53 bushels and some
pounds to the acre. Mr. A., has cultivated
the field in question, for the Inst twenty
eight years, raising thereon a crop of
wheat each alternate year. For the lust
four years the land has not been manured.
His mode of culture is to turn under a crop
of clover, ploughing ten inches deep, and
then keep the surface mellow and clear of
weeds by the use of the cultivator. He
ploughs but once for a crop. Tho soil is
gravelly loam, with a slight admixture of
clay. Rock. Atner.
Frightful Accident.-We learn from the
Allentown (Po.) Register, of Oct. 21st.
that a dreadful accident had occurred at the
iron ore bed of Daniel (Surtt, South White
hall township, Lehigh Co., in that Stato.
Three men were engaged in taking out ore
in one of the shafts, nt a depth ol bixty-tivi-
or seventy feet. In the morning, before they
went to work, they noticed a small crack,
but did not think it dangerous. In this be
lief they were fatally mistaken, as ubnut 10
o'clock the mass of earth gave way, about
eight feet wide, extending tho aixty-fivo or
seventy feet down to the spot where the men
were at work, and buried them to the depth
of thirty or forty foct.
Mr. August Belmont, tho agent of
the Rothschilds in New York city, nnd Aus
trian Consul General for this country, sub
scribed and paid 810,000 for the expenses ol
the Locofoco party in carrying tho election
in New York city. Several others, foreign
importers and capat Mists,' also spent large
sums for the same object. There is pretty
clear evidence that this money was furnish
ed by foreign manufacturers for this purpose.
Did it ever occur to our people that tho old
seconds. It was done in ci-'ht secondhand
he won his money. This we rail sharp
shooting. At another time, while in Penn
sylvania, on his annual hunting tour, ho
started a number of deer. Without re-loading,
or leaving his tracks, he killed four of
them, and shot the horns from another.
One of tub Speculators. A correspon
dent of tho Cincinnati Nonpareil, who has
been perambulating about 'Kanuusky, re
ates the following operation in ewly limes
in thnt section which beats modem real cs
tato operators some, lie thus writes of on
extensive tract of land culled tbe "Pismire
Purchase:"
It was originally owned by ono Jcsup, an
eastern speculator in those fire land, cm
hrnelm, rio and Huron counties. There
. , -
came to this etion ono of those geniuses
who constituted the pioneer character of the
West. Thev were
favorite phrases "Bntul bo, gl t pnrt.zans, , ulr '. iria has contributed but slightly to this grea, in the clr ice of Abelard Guthrie; tl
"British gold," &.c.,had not bee i used by I jut at tho t. me the locomotive found I, ,vVhi.h she has a double mo- lotlerstatrs thuttl.cre was a possibility that , w,m eM . th5 jll(l08 0f election, .
the Locofoco papers even once this whule Kl,t away from it. it commenced spitfng wvti u't.t. to I... I she has a double mo opponent, Mijor 1 1,"., "t! ofoi -sr don't "blnbhei Tbb nct Trade of Cincinnati.
campaign 1-Journal. j hot water into mo, and just litterally sputter- - live of oppositM.n-her des,re ofseltiinlr tho t,Ilpr tl(l u "sl",V "linnt nnjbtir ' ine ?' ending the 1st of Septemv
a r . TTJ'-T ruVwrl Vow York ed " "VPr n,e- 1 ,'"HIfllt ,nv U?H , , sparsely populated districts of Hungary, unite, S,nU,,, officers resident in tho terri- " ;.'...L Uor last, the imports of butter at Cincinnati
...!i.ii.i 'a ,,V,Z,Z V,Lw ll that Ho,"u V""""'"" hBd b"l "n,e P'nre, '" ! Transylvania, and a politic, fear ofthe event-1 lory oppose. tUe movement ns did also n Statistic of the Gr.aaiait Universities.- we 3,413.600 lbs. and the exports 2,331',-
LnH I un 5r ,rhirrifl. a a,ii neighborhood. BiHdwyou suppose I atayed j destructive influence on her despotic number of the white inhabitant, ctl the The number of students in the twenty-eight 250 lbs. The Price Current estimates-the
hooerntainsl Tthe a,, o ? eiLrhtv do lar ll"-,r', XonZ' .N" flir! ' J"1 W"'k"d r I ?, ,i ZZ Z,ZcZ,Jm2 ground that the movement was a revolution- Universities ef. Germany and Switzerland consumption of Cincinnati and vicitffty at
??,' n fir . at s x rods d75tnVfi I tht""h th"1 b"rre,i U"d C,""J,, 0e 8 Vek ' ",Hl"Ul",n? f communications from settlers believing that the application during the reeent summer term, was 18,810, about 4,000 000 lbs. per annum, and the' re-
r . .JL ' l,"lt 1 re""-v looked as'l.nn,rd ',f myself i i hIM"f r lands to friends and relative suf- ghouj , , Congress. of whom 17,060 were matriculated, and 1,750 ceipts by private conveyances at about 3,-
" n i iviiiv nrri nin. n rcui v uiiiii t'n viiv ii" i... .
were a shrewd class, and mnnv wi 8upport ,ho cables on tho towers, capa
Id of tho games they played with ,e ((f HU p p(,rt.i the pressure of 6,000 tons,
from tho Last. Olio of these I Tne tuWerH Bre tQ ,,,, ,j0 ,.ee ligh ,fi fpi,,
stories arc lo
irreeti ones
shrewd men, desiiing to purchaso the
truct in question, and not winding to pay tho
price demanded, took 1I1U method of accom
plitilnu jiia object. During the wet seuHon
of the year, when no one could pass over the
land.becauso it was ivet ard low, he took
Mr. Jessup out to examine j'; and sco how
exorbitant were his demands. Sesi? not
I...: ..I.!IU..I ..,.-! nl,mis ran ttia ltArt
UL'IIIU DKIIIIlll III finiti uivfii un nu w-'Sf ,
f I...,. Bunlii,, l,m i,i.,,li,v it,. n-i-
iictiu'iii iiiiu, , , ! -
posed to carry Hun a snort distance. "io,
said Jessup. "Ves," was tho reply; and he
took the Kusturn gentleman upon his back
and moved on until he camo to a (urge ant
hill, on which he landed the o il gentleman,
to rest awhile. Hut tho speculator had not
remained long, before tho ants were creep
ing over his wholu body, by hundreds, and
he begged to return, for something was rat
ing him up. Our hero was quite willing to
curry him back in ibii ililemini, lor by this
time his opinion ofthe value of tho land was
considerably depreciated; and a sale was im
mediately effected on terms entirely sntis-
tnclory to our knight of the ant-hill. Hence
ihe tiimire Purchase. Whocan beat hnt!
Tits Ai.r.rro Buttoh A S.'ngukr Disease.
Tho Aleppo Button is a siogwlar ulcer,
whiuhattacks every person born in tho city
and every stranger w ho spends more than a
month there. It can neither be prevented
nor cured, and always laxts a year. The in
habitants almost invariably have it on their
face either on the cheek, forehead, or tip
of the nose where it often leaves an indel
ible and disfiguring scar. Strangers, un ihe
contrary, have it on one ofthe joints, cither
elbow, wrist, knee, or ankle. So strictly is
its visitation confided to tho city proper, that
in none of the neighboring villages, nor even
in tho distant subiiro is it known. Physi
cians have vainly attempted to prevent it by
inoculation, and are at a loss to what cause
to ascribe it. Wo ore liablo to have it, even
after Ave days stay, btt I hope it will post
pone its appearanxe till after I reach homo.
Bayard Ttlylar:.
Tits Spanish Consiii.-aT' New Orleans.
The New Orleans BulJolin denies the tele
graphio report that Mf.-Iiborde. lbs Snan
ish Consul, had left New Orleans for foasof
personal violence. He was sUl there, and
badjioJutention of. leaving.,
Kutrbi LkoL Our Iriend of .the Scioto
Gazette, has since the election, been rejoic
ing orar the receipt of several good-paying
subscriber to bia Daily paper. Any favora
sions of four months each, and toe. people
should be promptly posted as to their doings
Send in your names. There are at least a
hundred more of our ciliteos who ought to
take ths paper, and we hope thsir modesty
will not prevent them from doing their duty,
at least as long as "the New Constitution is
in the hands of its frisnds." Msil subscn
scribers can be accommodated at $5 per
annum.
Posting Up -Our readers shall have the re
sult of the election in the different States,
so soon as we can get reliable returna. It
is s fixed fact that Pierce is elected, but the
majorities are not yet fixed. From all ac
counts, they will be large enough I n all con
science to make any other than a Scott man
faint."
ffr-The cheap eating-houses in New York
have raised the price of fare. A pluteafmeat
u liirh used to cost sixpence, in now n:ne-
pence. This rise is in consequence of the
high price of all kinds of meat in that city.
Many extensive boarding-houses have been
forced to raise the price of board or shut up.
Six years ago there were many houses where
tolerable board and lodging could be had for
82 50 to $3 per week; law the same accom
modation will cost $4 to $5.
Immigration roB October. During the
month ol" October, 20,116 passengers were
landed at New York, of whom 11,43!) came
from England, 836 from Ireland, 1,045 from
Scotland, 2,365 from Havre, 1,625 from
Bremen, anil the remainder from European
ports, nnd Chagres. Tho number of ves
sels arrived during the same time was 221,
comprising a tonage of 106,905 tons.
Chased ev a Locdnotive. A Hoosicr
writes to the New York Dutchman an ac
count ol his first sight of a locomotive and
hisadventiire therewith:
I came across the country and struck our
railroad, and was plying it about four knots
an hour. Now, I've heard tell about your
locomotive, but never dreamed about seeing
one alive and kicking; but about two miles
from here, I heard something coming,
coughing, sneezing and thundering; so I
looked around. Sure enough, there she
coino after me pnwiug the earth up and
splitting the air wide open, and more smoke
and fire flying then orter to come out of a
hundred burning mountains. There was a
dozen wagons followin' arler, and to savo
her taruul, black, smoky, noisy neck, she
could not get clear of 'em, 1 don't know
whether they scared her up or no; but here
she came foaming at the mouth, with her
teeth full of burning coals, and pitched
right at ine like thousands ol tirick. I could
not stand it any longer, so I wheeled round
and look down the road, and began to make
irruvel flv in everv directioii. No sooner!
had I dono that, than she put right straight
. r. n: v.,... ,wl u.il.l
cats
She begun to gain on mo coming up a
little hill, but I came round a pint to straight
level on the road. ow thinks I, III givel0f theemigration
vou irinrer: i am ureai on a uuu iovc
so I pulled to it, and got
and then she began to y
come full chisel, and mm!
shake. But I kept on beforo, bounding at
the ruto of twenty feet every jump, till I
got to .turn in the road, and II was ""5
such n headway that I couldn't turn, so 1
turned heels over head down a hank by a
house, lu tided cosimilte, into n swill barrel
and my feet stucx out behind and up in mo
(molly gloster, ready to attack anything bur
a rombinntion ot thunder and ngiiining,
smoke, railroad iron and hot water.
New Suspension Bripueat Niagara.
It is designed to construct a new Suspension
Bridgu over the present ono at Niagara
Fulls, to be u railroad bridge- capable of car
rying, heavy train
' Tho briduo will form a sinirlo span of 800
, f(,el in cn(,th. it i t0 serve as u connect-
ing link between the railroads ol lamina
and New York Stato, and to accommodate
the common travel of tho two countries.-
The upper floor, which supports the railroad,
.vill be 24 feet. Tho anchorage will bo
r.ipii.o.t Itv uinlril.c pitrlit ulinflu in thi. riMk
I , 7. ". . ' . x' ? . " " c .i " ., 11
ai- utyvPf oi iiiu milium . nrvn win uc
' ive irn piRte!1, firmy held down
, , ,,... wori. Muddles of cast iron
wido at the base.and 8 at tno top. - Weight
of timber in the bridge, 910,130 pounds;
wrought iron and suspenders, 115,121) lbs.;
cables between the towers, 335,400 pounds.
When tho whole ia covered with a locomo
tive and train of cars, it is estimated that it
will have to sustain a weight of 1,273 tons,
I WHICH Ulliuuill oi uiiroeii uiou);tt iim iinny
...l ... . ..r I 1 .1 1. I l.l..
fl,en to occur, is less than is provided for.
ngesl
pporl
! r . ! . I. ......I.I O-j
i (f,e points Oi Bupporiiu mo worm. ocic7iiic
Am:ran
j ,
New Irom Project. It is statd tha
Shoeiiberger.the oldest iron maker in Penn
sylvania, Rhey. Matthewe & Co., of Pitts
burg, and a number of entorprising Jcapi
talistsin New York, Boston and Philadelphia,
are orgunixing a company, with Ifjll.OOO.OOO
capital, to embark very extensively in the
manufacture of iro rails at ' Johnstown,
Cambria county, Pa.
Bio Afn.es. The Alleghany City En
terprise states thai large quantities of Ap
ples are brought to Alleghany by Railroad,
and that "one barrel, containing two bushels
and three pecks, had only seventeen applesin
it. Ihey were grown by R. Townsend, ofj
New Brighton." 1 hat Is equal to any Cal
ifornia story.
"Democratic Reoard for Mr. Webster.
Transparencies representing Mr. Web
ster in the act of assisting the Spanish offi
cials in the execution ofthe fifty Americans
in Cuba have been discovered in possession
of a Locofoco committee in Virginia. They
were painted just previous to the Baltimore
Convention, and were in readiness to be
used against Mr. Webster, in case of his
nomination."
Wo find the above in the telegraphic cor
respondence of the New York Tribune.
The "discovery" is in exact keoping with all
tho antecedents ofthe Democrats in relation
to Mr. Webster, and is noticeable only be
camtO' it illustrates the offensive hypocrisy
which at this moment characterizes their
leading organs. Journal.
ftrFor the information of late risers, we
may state that the white frost this morning,
was nearly equal to a light falb'-of-snow.
1U.HTIT iua.iiuult..,.,u.rU. " , Miami in u,wuu,ouu. , ,n i imi,nv ana lora deleirnte to emigre, ivnien resulted i ,. , K.n ,,, ,t;nl.r ihp nmn of our .mnil n,l .,t,,l.,,a. , i i,
I
Set. dot.
Who told youj ; . ... , , .
-..j . : . i V:. - ;" I.
From the National Intelligencer.
Americas Labor The Presert ard
the Past. At this present moment, preg
nant with the interests of American labor,
we ask every American citizen to read the
following act, passed in the reign of George
II, just previous to the American Revolu
tion, and honestly answer which party is
now sustaining the tame British policy, and
which the American, aa vindicated and mai n-
tainAit hv that Revolution) In this act of
tvranny we have one of the principal causes
of thestrueele of 1776. What the arm of
power could not then accomplish, the most
insidious means are now employed toenect.
Tho act sneaks for itself, it is as follows:
fin the twenty. third veal. Ol me reigu ui
L " 4
CZnn If 1
w- fe -- J ,
An act to encourage me importation oj pig u7.
iW iron from his Maiestu's Colonies in A-
and to nrevent the. erection of any
mill or other engine for slitting or rolling of
tr n, or any plattng Jorge wtcor vim a hu
hammer, or any furnaces for making teel in
anv of the said Colonies.
Whnrpsa the importation of bar iron from
hi Maiestv's colonies in America into the
oortof London, and the importation of pig
iron from the said colonies into, any port o
Great Britain, will be a great advantage not
only to the said colonies, but also to this
kingdom, oy lurmsning wo miiuiavi.,
of iron with a supply oi mat uneiui auu nci.
rnmmcM itv. and by means whereol
larqesumsof money, now annually paid for
iron to foreigners will bo saved to the king
dom, and a greater quantity of the woolen
and other manufactures ofGreat Britoin will
be exported to America in exchange io
such iron so imported:
B it therefore enacted hv the King's woi
excellent Majesty, $c. That all pig and bar
iron from his Majesties colonies be admitted
free of duty.
And lie it further enacted, That from on
after the 24tli day of June, 1750, no mill or
other engine for slitting or rolling of iron, or
any pilling f rge to work with a till-hamnKr,
or any furnace for maling steel, shall be
erected, or after such erection continued,
in any of his Majesty's colonies in Americo;
and if any person or persons ohull erect or
cause to be erected, or after any such erec
tion continue or cause to be continued, in
any of the said colonies, any such mill, en
gine, forgo, or furnace, every person or per
sons so offending shall, for every such mill,
engine, forge or furnace, forfeit the sum of
two hundred pounds of lawful money of
Great Britain.
And lie it furtlier enacted by thn authority
aforesaid, That every such mill, forgo or fur
nace, so erected or continued, contrary to the
directions of this act, shall be deemed a
commoh huifakce, nnd to be abated within
tho space of thirty days after information
thereof.
Emioratior. The German emigration of
1821 numbered only 2 200; until 1830, there
was but one season that it amounted to 15,
000. In 1832 it rose to 24,000; in 1837 to
34,000, knit fell in 1843 to 23,000; the nnm-
berthenof persons who, during tho decade
i. .;... ,.,;iv vir went bevoiwl the seas
i '
in search of better fortune, averaged about
10,000 annually. Frum this lime forth
there bus been a rapid increase in the extent
In 1841, Germany sent
l on s fleail level i . , . . ' e Mniersiiinu luni iiic- laai'i-i, u. ,
Lt under full speed "U,,m rUnA numbcM' H,0U0 cm.ronK n.- ; rivil, ,,,,, w, permitted to land her
yell and stnmp, and 1 '45,61,000; in lt4( and '47,lhe famine years, pllss,.ri!,org nut ,na;i without any unneces
ude the whole 'earth ' more than 100,000; in 1848, MKiind '.r0, the sary trouble on the part of the authorities-
. y,.nrs of revolutionary disturbance mid po-
i;li(.ni prescription, from 8U,O00to 1)0,000,
'. and in 1851 something more than 113,000.
I It is calculated that these emigrant.! have
. carried out ol ucrmnny, capital n-
, ,m,( f 80,000,000. As is known. Ana
CBA AND THE UNITED STATES. The
Madrid correspondent of the IColnischc Zei
tung writes under date of October 3d, that
he knows from losiire source, that the A
mcrican Ainbassodos at that Court, has lutc
ly renewed' the offer of 180,000,000 made
under Mr. Polk's administration, for the Is-
' land of Cuba. The Ministry, after having
j llllue tie IMnlter tho subject of necial de-
,iucnitl(1I repie(1 tj1(lt 3nain so longer tho't
I '. , . , . 1 . w .,
j f P"'e Wilh ' Uan bnl would em"
ploy her utmost power to keep it. As for
the attempts of the fillihustcrs to which the
. i , , 11 I .1 ... l." ,
Amuassauor nau anuueu ... maamg p.s pro-
, , j .1 1
! I,oso1' h no longer feared them, but was
1 ready to suppress them ns they should be
made. The army in the island was strong,
loyal ud trustworthy, and the civil officers
would prove faithful to tha lust. The reply
concluded by requesting the Ambassador not
to renew the proposal. . The general belief
at Madrid, says the writer i that tho fili
bustering reports ace gotirp-by the American
Government, in order to induce Spui.ii to
sell tho island. Accordingly, this reply of
tho Ministers, gives general satisfaction to
I r '
TheComino Administration. The Na
tional Intelligencer, alluding to the election
of Gen. Pierce, asserts that, "experience
unhappily teaches that the change must be
for the worse," though if'deslres to say noth
ing against tlii new chief whom it has pleas
ed a majority of tin' Voters lo call to the
helm or Stato." It adds:
"As no change could bo for tho Letter,
we have too much reason to dread the effects
of tho change which is to come. The a
vowed principles of the 'Young America'
party and its wild progressivcUn are in their
nature the reverse ofthe conservatism which
should guide every jut and honorable gov
ernment. Bst, though we ay U wi.ling
to believe General Pierce much less imbued
with the reckless aims proclaimed by some
of his leading advooutes, and have beeo glad
to see hiss yesterday defended in a promin
ent organ from tho very natural imputation
of sharing in the aggressivo and lawless
policy advanced by his most active orators,
yet the leaders of the party now to be in the
ascendant are propagandists in the broadost
sense, and to the most dangerous lengths.
The territory of the United States, vast as
itis in extent, fs yet too contracted for the
expansion of their Quixotic philanthropy.
The setectron of a President by such a par
ty Has something in it fearfully ominous of
future trouble,"
Interesting Kslio. The Journal of Com
merce slates that the identical pulpit in
which George Whitfield preached his pow
ful sormoni in England waa brought over to
this country,m,,few days ago, and is now de
posited at the Tfact tlouie at New York, in
IhfTooms of the City Tract Society, It is
about six feet hlghi nearly square at Ihe top,
and 1 a light frame work of hard wood.
Ilocking Valley Railroad. We trnit'our
readers will bear iu mind the meeting to be
held in this city, on the 18th inst., to con.
sider the propriety of taking immediate
measures to construct a railroad from Colum-
ns down the Hocking Valley. It is, with
out doubt, a highly important connection
ud will be ofin finite advantage to the coun
try through which it will pass. It connects
at Columbus with the Lakes and opens up
below one of the best mineral regions in the
West. Tho coal and iron of the Hocking
Valley, in quality and quantity, is not sur
passed by those of any other section or Ohio.
These facts should be borne in mind by those
who discuss the question. There is a road
proposed down the Scioto Valley from Co
lumbus.but the latter is much more aeepiy
interested in the proposed one through this
city, Logan and Athens, and will therefore
join heartly in any efforts to construct it.
At least, we are so informed by those wno
are now engaged in agitating the question.
We understand the C. W.& Z. Railroad
will be located in a very short time from this
city to Zanesville, and will be put under
contract immediately. The directors are
now only awaiting the action of the friends
of the respecrive routest and will be enabled
to arrive ate definite conclusion in a few
days. The work West continues to pro
gress with considerable rapidity. ' The em
bankment over tho Hocking prairie is com
pleted, together with the grading of some
two or three miles of tho road immediately
west of this city. .
The Gersmr Vote. The Whigi of Rich
land county highly appreciate the zealous ef
forts of a large number of our German citi
zens to promote the election of General
Scott. '.
They understood that . tlieir true interests
were to support that policy which would
build up homes for them in our midst instead
of degrading labor and bringing it down to a
Icvcfwith the labor in Europe the ten cents
a day system advocated by Buchanan.
They therefore worked hard and wo should
certainly have been defeated in this town
ship but for their support. They are getting
upon the right ground and if the ball rolls
thus in the futuro as at this election we moy
soon expect Richland to become Whig!
Thut would be strange, but gentlemen, tV
so! Look out for '50! Mattrjield Herald.
State Hoardof Agriculture. The an
nunl ineetingof the State Board of Agricul
ture will be held at Colunibus.on Wednes
day, December 8th. "This is an important
meeting, and we hope every county society
will borepresentod. Tho election of mem
bers of the State Board will take place at
that time.
The members whose term of service ex
pires on that day, are, Allen Trimblo, Ar
thur Watts, J. G. Gcst, C. Springer, and J.
M. Edwards.
The following members hold over till next
venr: Sumuel Mdnry, M. L. SulBtrant,
Wm. Case, Philo Adams, ond K. W. fllus
griive. Statesman. '
Arrivaloittiie Isabel raom Havana!
Tho steamship Isabel arrived at Charleston
on Tuesday from Havana, whence she sailed
on the 30th ult. The Courier says:
U e understand that the Isabel, on her or
oven newspopers were permitted to he deliv
ered and sent ashore, and at her departure
cvorylhing appeared to bo ro.uct aX1' pcacc
:illu. . . .
Nkhraska Territory. Tho people of
i,js TewNory, hold on election in Ortofcur,
: fora d'eleirnte to Cmu'ress, tvhieh resulted
Railroad Items. Tho Dayton, Hamil
ton and Cincinnati road is to have compe
tition in the newly projected) stn ight lin
road from Cincinnati to Dayton. The eon
tract for tho work has been tak'en for $1,
700,000, including the tunneling through
the hills at Cincinnati. One firm of con
tractors un the new St. Louis and Cincinna
ti railroad, have just engaged two thousand
laborers for tho work. A line of road is
proposed from Chicago to Madison, tho cap
ital of Wisconsin; distance ono hundred and
twenty-five miles.
The Gardiner Commission, Which sailed
from ctew Orleans on the 28th ult., the
Picayune says, is composed of Henry May,
Esq., of Paltiiiiore.Buckinghttu Smith, Esq..
Into secretary of Legation to Mexico, Capt.
Hunter, U. S. N., Capt. Doublcday,, U. S.
A., and ('apt. Patridgc, formerly of Balti
more. Hon. Pierre Houle, chairman of the
Committee on Mexican claims, prepared in
structions for tho Commissioners. They
will at once proceed to San Luis Polosi, and
if not successful there, will make further re
searches in accordance with their instruc
tions. fjrWe heard an anecdote a few evenings
since which is too good to lo confined, to
private circles. It is as follows: ,,
A negro preacher was holding forth, to
his congregation upon tho subiect of obey
ing the commands of God. Savs he, "Brud-
ren, whatever God tells me to do in this
book , (holding up the Bible,) dut I'm gwoin
to do. If I see in it dat f-must jump troo a
stun wall, I'm gwoin to jump at it. Going
troo it 'longs to God jumpin' at it 'longs
tome!" ,
New Jersey. The result ofthe election
in New Jersey, gives the Democrat! s U. S.
Senator in place of tho Hon. John W. Mil
ler, Whig. Tho members of the House of
Representatives elected are: Nathan ' T.
Siratton, Charles Skelton, Samtral LTUy,
George Vail and Alex. C. ' M. Pennington,
all democrats but the lust named. '
' A New Endlard Custom. According
to universal custom at the town of Marsh
field, on the Sabbath of Mr. Webster's
death, between tho hours of seven and
eight in tho morning, the bell of tho parish
church whs rung violently, to announce' to
the startled inhabitants within hearing that
a death had occurred among them. Then it
was struck three times three as a signal.thut
a male person had died. Next, the bell was
struck slowly and deliberately seventy strokes'
to denote the age of the dead; and then
thero went up a mournful voice from every
house, "it must be that ' Daniel Webster is
dead."" ;
Incident at tbs Polls: On Tuesday a
patriotic Irishman, a little under the influ
ence of Old Rye, after depositing his vote,
espied the contribution box for the Washing
ton Monument, and in the generosity of his
heart took out the contents of his pocket
book; 843, and deposited the whole amount
ill the box.' His wife come to the polls a
few hours afterwards and made a 'represen
tation of her circumstances so thattheJudges
of the election humanely returned 'her 840
of themoncy deposited by. her over-generous
It was reserved for the recent election to
exhibit a new idea tn the historical records
of mankind.- It was thought that every pos
sible variety of human conduct had been ex
hibited. Solomon himself had said that
there was nothing new. Tbe rejection of
the juat and great bad been often done.
Human malice ., nad done its utmost against
human virtue. Athens had banished Aria
tides and England had beheaded Sydney.
Nor was there anything wanting to human
degradation. .. Rome once made a boise an
KmDeror. Uiil m America we nave uone
something superior to all tbia. We nave
proved that the united states can outdo me
world in anything, ana conceive laeas wnicn
before had no existence.. In the mcst intel
lectual city in the United States no less'
than the renowned city of Boston thousands
of people voted for a dead man for President!
They could not be ignorant that he waa
dead, for they hud seen him buried. They
could not believe the election would raise
the dead, for the elections are carried on ac
cording to the Constitution, which contains
no such power. In fine, they evidently in
tended to give the world a new- idea, and ts
Boston is the Athens of A merica (!) it was
nroner that Boston should do what Athens
waa incapable of go beyond all ancient
ideas of either the sublime or the ridiculous.
Henceforth Boston stands alone in this new
ideality of hero worship. . ,
The dead have had monuments built to
them.epitaphs written, eulogies pronounced,
their ashes scattered in vengeance, and their
nuines canonized in glory, but never before
have been voted for as President.of a Re
public! Ctn. Gaz. . .
A HAFrY Family or the Prairie. "We
passed to-day through a large village or set
tlement of the prairie-dog, Arctomys ludob
iciana,) extending in length not less than
half a mile. These little animals are very
shv, and at the least approach of a stranger
hie themselves with all speed to their holes,
in which thev partlv burv their bodies, leav
ing only their heads visible just above the
surface of the ground, where so long as the
alarm lasts, thev keep up a cnntinuul uarK
ine. The note somewhat rescmnies me
hark of a small puppy, but is nevertheless
so peculiar as to be instantly recognised af
terwords by any one who has once distinct
ly heard it. They ore very hard to get, as
they are never found far from their holes;
and when shot rll immediately into mem
where thev are generally guarded by a rat.
tic-snake the tisunl shurer of their subter
ranean retreat. Several were shot by us in
this situation, but when the hand was about
to ho thrust into the hole to draw them out,
the ominous rattle of this dreadful reptile
would be instantly hnanl.warning the intru
der of the danger he was about to incur
A little white burrowiiiir owl also (Styx cw
niculari) is frequently found taking up his
abode in the same domicile; and this strange
association of reptile, bird, and beast seem
to live toffethcr in perfect harmony and
nence. I have m ver personally ' seen the
owl thus housed, but hove been assured of
the fact from so many, so various, and so
credible sources that I cannot doubt it.
The whirr of tlie rattlesnuko l.havd heard
frequently when the attempt was made to
invade these holos, and our men at length
became afraid to approach them for this pur
pose." -Capt. Stansburys Stilt Ut'e Expedi
tion. ;i. . . ,
A Great Bluhder. A' friend i of eurs
who is an unmitii-ated Whig, received on
I election dnv. h bill of purchase for bbl
Blubber oil," which, lor tho time being, ne
stowed awav in his jacket pdeket. As he
was going tolhr polls, a Whig ticket was
given him, whleh he deposited in the same
ig"on hole. At tho ballot box, he took
from his pocket, w hat ho -apposed was the
Whig ticket, which ho deposited with a
hearty good will,unJ Dhrn went whistling
nbout his busim-rsi Soon after, lie thoughi.
he would lnoR. or die price 'of eil when he
found Winni'ld Scott headed the bill! Of
each University 609. Sixteen institutions
had less than this number; twelve more, 1,
800 pursuedCatholic theology in elevcnUni
vcrsitics; 1,765 do. Protestant theology in
nineteen Universities 6,761 do. divided'
among twenty-si. institutions, studied juris
prudence and kindred sciences; 4,183 do.
studied ihedicine, &c.,in twenty-three Uni
versitirs;and 2,641 do. m twenty-seven Uni
versities studied philosophy, the uircitnt
languages, fee. . ' .
How Russia and Prussia. Regard .the
French Entire. The restoration ofthe
empire by Louis Napoleon is now discussed
by the Prosaic n journals with less freedom
than a few weeks ago, when the anti-Bonar
partisin of the Krcuz Zeitung had not drawn
upon it the reprehension of the ministry.' It
is noticed, however, that Connt Hatzfeld,
the Prussian minister to the French govern
ment, who is now in Berlin, is not about to
return immediately to his post, and the in
ference is drawn thut Prussia will hold her
self entirely aloof from the important events
which are now pending or in progress at Par
is. The departure of Count KisselefTfor St.
Petersffnrg is regarded us significant of the
Czar's intention to concur with Prussia in
its abstention from the interior affiiirs of
France.'
; Uncle Tom's Cabin. Mt Beekman, the
London publisher of this famous work, is now
in Boston, and says that the number of cop
ies already issued in England is 40t,000.
The American publishers confess1 to- have
published some 200,000. i One edition has
been published by the celebruteo Tanchaitz,
of Leipsig, for which Mrs. Stowo has writ
ton a preface. Messrs. Jewett are prepar
ing s elaborately illustrated edition tor the
holidays. - It is said that autograph letters,
highly complimentary, hare been received
by the authoress from Prince Albert and the
late Duke of Wellington. Psobubly no lit
erary work ever -published has had such re
markable success as Ais. ,,.,. ' , .;.
Terrible Agent of Destsuction.-A res
ident of Leeds, F.ngland, apprises 'the editor
of, Galway Vindicator that he can prepare a
liquid, a pint of which, in a glass grenade
shell, thrown trough a barrack window in
the night, would , silently destroy t ie whole
of its living inhabitants, or broken in the
faco of an advancing force, horse or foot,
would arrest their progress by death or par
alysis. GtrThe New York' Times says, "Lying
in politics acts somewhat like fish on Long
Island soil. It brings up a rousing crop the
first season it is used; but too long' contin
ued it brings out more sorrel than grass.'''
The Locos are now reaping the fir'st sea
son's crop.. The rest wilt be a long irk " due
time, , ',
Rosewood Tram. It is said that an at
tempt Is being made to- form acowpany'st
New Orleank for the phrpoBe of entering in
to the rosewood trade. The projector owns
a laree tract of land -near Giiatulco,. in 'the
State of Aajaca, on the Pacific, about 240
milesfrom Acapulco, which is covered witn
splendid rose trees from "three to four fedt in
diameter. It can he delivered for shipment
at a coat -of S6 ' per ton,' -and is worth Be
tweent50)ind.60 per ton ofcubie ; feeU,,
THE ICABIAM CoLORY AT NaoVoo. Wm
take some statistics of tbs progress of this
community from the semi-annual report,
which, comes down to the first of July last.
The society, during the previous half-year
consisted of 865 members 178 men. lni
men and 88 children; 60 persons were added
during the period covered by the report, and
100 new members were expected. The col
ony had 445 acres of land under cultivation,
and was in possessiou or8 ploughs, 1 1 hors
es, and 8 yoke of oxen. The crops have
been excellent: 1.500 bush of wk
do of Indian corn, and 1,700 do of potatoes
"""S ku nsrresiea. , Twenty-four men
have the care of the fields, and eight of the
vegetable garden. . The orcharda and vine
yards are in the highest degree promlsine.
ivug jCl n, uvaruijr conuuion. ''Tour
ty men are employed on the islnnri ...;
vood, which is brought to the settlement in
iwo naiooais. ine transportation of fuel
in this manner gives employment to seven
other mon.
The saw-mills, cooper shops, &c., supply
all the necessities of tbe colony. The num
ber of fat awine was 30; 150 were fattening;
for this autumn, and 250 for next year.
The school was not vet in full and suc
cessful operation, owing to a want of room,
there are other present difficulties in tho
waywhich will be overcome in time. '
The musical band consists of 32 persons,
and both music and the drama have reached
a very satisfactory pitch of excellence.
The general health has been good, though
eany in August an attacx ot ciiolera carried
off six men, ten women, and six children.
1 he finances were altogether in good con
dition. On the credit side of the account
stands the sum of $42,402; on the debtor,
4,j leaving a balance in favor of the
society of $36,580.
During the present autum ten men wilt
seek a proper place in Iowa for a new and
extensive colony. When the foundation of
tins is lairly laid, Nauvoowill, for the future,,
be but a place for tho preparation and prov
ing of new colonists. Amp YorJIc' Tribune.
British Income and Expenditures. A
Parliamentary paper has just been printed.
showing the public income and expenditure
of England for the last three years, ending
tnc otn ot January. The income was re
spectively 57,647,392, JE57.43 1,796, and
56,834,711, while the expenditure was in.
the three years as follows: In 1850, 55,
480,656, leaving a surplus of income of 2,-
lby,73b; in 1851, 54,338,534, leaving a sur
plus of income of 2,493,262, and in 1852.
54,002,095, leaving a surplus income of
2,831,716. The expenditure on account
ot the army, navy, and ordinance in the year
ended tho 6th of January last, was 14,573,
856. The charges of the collection of the
customs and excise last year were 1,300,
679. The total charge of collecting the rev
enue in the year was 2,708,426. ' There
has been repaid into the Exchequer on ac
count of King Leopold's annuity, 36,000.
Last year 146,392 was expended on the
account of the abolition of slavery--84,-762
as bounty on sIavesjEl5,150 to the com
missioners to prevent traffic in slaves, and
46,484 bills drawn on account of captured
slaves.
Last year the expenses on account of the
British Houses of Parliament amounted to
154,987, of which 5,000 was the Speak
er's sa lory ; 91,500 the salaries and expens
es of the officers of the two Houses pf Par
liament, mid 53,397 for printing. ' ,
. Instantaneous Portraits. The Scien
tific American says that instantaneous por
traits can now be taken on collodion by a,
very iugeaions French invention. Tho
person wtUwe portrait is to be taken is
placed as some i! btance off, in front of tho
lens,, and the' operator, while conversing
wiili him pulls a trigger. - Itji so doing &
newly invented cap turns on its own axis,
and in its rotary movement allows tho light
;,d the image of the sitter to pass through
a hole twice tlie diameter of tlie lens. Tho
porlruil ia obtained in the fraction of a
eadv
supply of butter from all sources the valuo
not less than a million of dollars, or nearly
one-third the value of hogs disposed ofiu the
Pork City.
Roman Excavation The Roman Jour
nal, of th 13tbe ult., states that the Pope has
ordered tbe continuation of the excavation
commenced at the Roman Forum, particu
larly at the ruins of the Temple of Castor,
and on tho hill of the Capitol, for the pur-'
pose of ascertaining if they be not the re-
mains of the edifice constructed by Julius
Caesar under the name of Julia. These ex
cavations will serve to explain the old Span
ish authors. Roman and foreign savane-re-pair
every day to that interesting spbt to ad
mire the ruins already uncovered.
, A Prediction. We predict that by the
1st of January, 1853, a revolution will be in
successful progress In the States bf Jacete
cas, Tamnulipas, Chihuahua and all the
Northern Stotes of Mexico. The object will
he to establish an independent confederate.
Republic, similar to the United States. It"
will bo under the lead of Americans, though
nominally under that of Mexicans. It will
be euccessfi'l, and will have a material bear
ing on the destiny orthe South, ofthe Uni
ted States, and of this continent. Natchez'
Free Trader of the 1 3A ult.
OCrNullification and the "Virginia Reso
lutions" were sanctioned, by the people of
the United States, on the 2d inst. -' South'
Carolina drew up the note, New Hapipshii'e '
endorsed it, and ."We, the People," ratified
the act. Hurrah for Buncombe, Billy Bow
legs and General Commander! The South
Carolina Legislative caucus, previous to-'
casting the vote ofthe State for Pierce and
King, passed a resolution declaring that in
so doing the State protests against any ap
proval or acquiescence in the measures com
monly called tho Compromise. Set. Gat. - '
. OrA short time ago, a young man, a'
ClcrkMh a house in Sun Francisco,' hairing; '
$6,000 to-spare, sent it to China and invest
ed it in 'rice. He sold the cargo (to arrive)
at 22 eta per pound.and made the handsome
sum of $37,000 by tho operation. The pur-f
chaser was a Chinaman, and it so happened
that the cargo arrived the very day after '
it' was purchased. The Chinamen" made '.
$65,000 on his bargain. The Urge' sunt-' of '
$102,000 has, therefore, been cleared on an'
investment o( 5,000. ' .
' A Female Voter; Tho police1 returns'1
from the Nineteenth ward of New" Ytrkjr'
say that a woman, dressed in -men's clothes, -attempted,
to vote irr- the Fourth District in '
that city on Tuesday, but the inspectors, -much
to her disappointment; rejected her
vote. Itissaid that she was going to vote
the Democratic ticket. ' '
' 03"The Presidential vote, in Baltimore.as -'
well as ia New York city, shows how influ-'
ential the importers of foreign goods, who '
are interested in bringing about Free Trade,
were frv th& canvass. Wards " which gave-"
majorities for Taylor, in 1848, and are Whirr
in most contingencies, voted 1 largelyvaflBV
ptopondertTtirf 'for Perse!'' It is time f or
the agriculturists,' planters, manufacturers
and minor traders of the United States, to,
inquire where the ' foreign importing influ-.
ence will lead them. ; - ' J'
x M'- j.'t !. -t ,. i : '

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