Newspaper Page Text
(L)t : IttwMij Gazette.
CU? OF LASCASTEB;
.'iulity Evc-ulng, Dc. 6. i
" The Fblscu Empire.-The Washington TUe rrienj4 of the re,pCclive line cm New
R-pvKicha a verr food article upon tlie rs j Lexington and Sumemet, have been in at
vstablishment of the French Empire, which tendance in Urge numbers, nl the meeting
atlai time poseses sufficient interest to of the Board, to present their claims, and
transfer la our Columns. "To France
at Alt paper, "the re-establishment of a J
Boi.apartist dynasty may afford momentary
relief. It is the hist step in the work of re.
rliua, and consummates the devices and tho
-policy that have marked the progress of the
imperial adventurer. The fascination of his
name enabled him to outrun the most dis
tinguished wen who competed with hitn for
the Chief Magistracy of tho nation.
"It was not long after till he overturned
coostitutiou to which the R-puoii-!
in of Europe looked,.. at once the sign j
tnn-or if. ,j ,. ...j ,..
sourceof its advsiicoment; and then
'with as little apparent difficulty ho construct
ed another, strip pint: the people of all but a
semblauue of ujwer, and securing to him
self all that was needed to further '.lis ulterior j
purposes. Presideut in name, ho was then
Emperor in fact. The army, through whose
agency the last blow had been struck at pop
ular power, remuine I to do his bidding; am!
constitutional jugglery enabled him to cre
ote the Senators who now proclaim him
Emperor. That a majority of the people
will concur in their decision is beyond
doubt; and the world will then witness the
spectacle of imperial power and honor
swayed by one who began with trenclicryi
whose second advance was an usurpation
and who end with extorting approval from
the victims of both. The whole movement
furnishes nutriment to absolutist contemners
uf popular intelligence and virtue, and will
be pointed to hereafter ns an illustration of
tho theory which assigns to integrity, and
wisdom only subordinate influences in the
science of government.
"Nowhere out of France could euch a
paradox be perpetrated. With her it is
the re-enactment, with variations, of won
ders familiar to her history. The first Na
poleon tho last King, Louis Phillippe and
the new Emperor, Napoleon the Third are
nil proofs of the fickleness of French sen
timent, and of the absence of the self reli
ance, and the considerate, determined pur
suit ol right lor us own sak?, which consti
tute the glory and the strength of Republi
canism. A straw will tickle all France into'
her people happy in spite of duplicity and
despotism. A name recommended by noth
ing save by a tinselled glory, wean, them
Wn freedom achieved through blood, and
reconciles them to its destruction without a
murmur. Theatrical display obliterates ull
remombranco of their wrongs, and stimulates
them to shout to the praise of him who
wronged them. We know of but one puraU
- lei, and it in some respects is less humiliat
ing. The benighted superstition which
prompts tho worohippcr of Juggernaut to
their horrible self-sacrifice ha at least the
merit of earnestness, and springs from prin
(iple, however ignorant. The sacrifice
made by France hua no such redeeming fea
ture. It Is an idolatry without faith or con
sistency to recommend it; a iiutionul suicide,
that can be neither justified nor palliated by
the caprice that directed it.
"That the man who h is brought about
all this possesses high talents it an indom
itable iv ill, is unquestionable. lie ha ex
. hibited an ability, un energy, and a perse
verance not indicated by his antecedents.
His every step has displayad profound
knowledge of French character. Hi im
perial purple- testifies to thi and more. The
skill, tuct, and duplicity which havo to far
characterized him, render unv uttenint to
nrrtillmtA lit fi.l nl I ..p I u lll.i If;- t..iMn
,.....wu.v 1KB lU.UiV I......IJ Ill HIILII'
tionsuroan enigma to which his words give
no clue. While wooing for the empire, hi
speeches have overflowed with pucific pro
fessions; but then wo remember that while
vowing allegiance to the Republic lie tvus
laying mines to shiver it to ntonn. Mis past
might warrant un opinion thut he is to be in
terpreted by the law ol contruries, mid bo
expected to do exactly the opposite of that j
which ho promise. Our conclusion is, how
ever, that he will bo peaceful or belligerent
us pasting circumstances may require. If
. hit can Invent gew-gaws fust enough to
please hi subjects, doubtless he will be con
tent, at least for a season; if not, nut. War
or peace i to him a question of expediency,
nnd nothing else. On unu hand, un imag
ined destiny, the idea associated with a II o-
naparte dy nasty, a desire for military success
and national aggrundiscincnt, may urge him
to struggle for a reversal of tho term which
tho victories of L"ipio and Waterloo im
posed. On the other, the common Instinct
of self-preservation, the cuiilion'of which ho
has shown himself possessed, and tho de
clared determination of tho continental
power jointly to resist aggression, combine
to guarantee temporary tranquility. Apart
from these consideration, speculation is al
together at fault. I
'It l probable th it lit o proclamation of
the empire will be acquiesced in bv Auitria.
Prussia, k Russia.wiihout further hesitation. "",J ,ne" ,ako nlu,H! lho Rrii o(iunm
Whatever annoyance their ruler, may feel , Hut11 ,.,., , Abdc,
from the elevation to their own order of the : v-nier us his gunt, but not a a prisoner,
hereditary repreetitutive of an uld enemy,' The Empemr Napoleon's iipvv bank is nil
it i reasonable to expect lint they will pre-m,unred us o fi.veit fact, notwithstanding the
fer the presence of ui. . tnperor to that of i uIM'iio" or tho Rothschilds and other
' , , in... I Capitalists.
the republic which ho has destroyed. Ohvl-, Tt. mlirttl.riIl jllimia nl Vienna, hint
ou exigencies will in i-uch a cn go far lo i that Austriu will, irom necessity, recognize
counteract the force of tradilionury untipa-1 Nspoleon us Emperor.
thics. The Frankfort Journal, the scknowl-
, . , , - . , .i '
edged exponent of ihc wishes of the three .
powers named, announced sometime ago
that they would offer no objection to the re-!
establishment of ths hereditary monarchy in !
favor of L'luis Napoleon; accompanying the
declaration with-lhe remark that the inter
diction pronounced by the-treaty of 1815 a-
guinst Bonaparte and his family das been
inado null by the force of evonts, und no at
tempt will be made lo enforce it. At lho,
aama tiini, the Journal Insisted that those
pirtionar the treaty by whicu the territo
. rial limits of Prance were fixed, will bo scru
pulously maintained. A
lie the Napoleonic uoa uf lhe boundaries ofj
I ranee by extending thorn to the Rhine aud
lhe Alps, will be r..Ui,.j u whatever cost.
l"'" r.:J , i" Vc"',Drmva J
1 Cincinnati, Wilmiuctom and Zacs-
lUL Rail Road Locution from Lanoit
; ier to Mrs Cty tM Aio LrxmgUm. The Di
. rector? uf thi rnad l ve been in ession in
; This city since Tupsdiy last, the most iuipur- i
iat nhiirt iifuhii-h has been to determine i
the location of route upon the proposed lino
we are assured that the Board gave tr each
I a most candid consideration and a thorough
cxalnination, BnU were, without doubt, whol-
Iv influenced by the paramou
aount interests of j
the Company, in making a decision.
After going to pre last evening, we
were favored by the politeness of W. M.
Triplet!1, Esq., Secretary nl the Company,
with a copy of the following resolution from
tho minute of the Board, by, which it will
be seen that the line via Rush Creek Vulley,
Njw L'.'xington und Putnam has beeu a
dopted: Hrsolved, That the line or the Cincinnati,
Wilmington aud ZauCsvilie Rail Rand be,
i hwby locate,! f'-m it. present
terminus in Lancaster, on the route knr.vn
. , Bll . p. . v .,11i1 n,.m
as the Rush Creek Valley, through Putnam
to Zanesville, subject to such amendments,
if any, to the line of said route, as may here
after be deemed expedient for the interest
of said Company.
- I certify that the above resolution was u
Wfl. 31. Till 1'LETT, Sjr'iy.
The line adopted is, in lineal measure
ment mile or two Ion 'er than the proposed
route via Somerset, but in equated distance
und running time, is six miles or more the
shortest, and we are informed that a com
parison uf the cost of grading each, respec
tively, will show a heavy balance in favor
of the line located.
The citizen of Perry county have, in
this matter, shown a commendable amount
of emulation and energy in behalf of their
fovorite lines, and while we are sorry that
the nature of the case would not permit its
decision in accordance with the hopes and
expectations of all parties interested, yet we
trust that the efforts of tho Directory to
promote the interests of the road, and their
duty to make a location on the most availa
ble line, will be received as the best thut
could be mude in the case, and as an inevi
table act, to which they were Compelled in
the strict and conscientious discharge uf
Tho location of tho route through Putnam
will meet, we presume, with general appro
bation; all of our citizens will be pleased to
learn that it will cross the river above the
Putnam bridge, and thence direct to the de
pot of the Central Road, w here the two
This important matter has thus been fa
vorably determined for the interests uf the
city, and we trust, of the road also. It is a
matter of gratulution that the manago nent.
of this enterprizo is in such able and intel
ligent hands, in whom our citizens repose
all confidence, and by whom the road will
be pushed forwurd to completion ns fast as
j possible, under tho very favorable circum
stances by which it is surrounded, and the
most flattering prospectsof doing a heavy bu
siness, when united to the Centra) Roud.
The Board yesterdny elected John A. Ad
ams, Esq., of this city, as one of it Direc
tors, in place of l. II. Lvam., Esq., re
moved from the Slate. The resignation of
Mr. Lyman was received with much re
gret, as he had justly acquired the esteem
and confidence of the Board, by his activo
and iuielligent efforts to promote its inter
est. The selection of Mr. Adams a mem
ber of the B urd, will be favorably received
by Hie people of this city und county.
It will also be seen by a notice in our
advertising columns that the Board will re-
cieve proposals fur the letting of the entire
portion of tho rond between Lancaster and
ourcity, on tho 12th of January proximo, at
their otlice in Circleville. Zanesville Cour
California Items. A gentleman had
visited Honora with a view of establishing a
telegraph line between that place, Culum
bia, und Stockton, to connect with Sin
Francisco and the northern mines.
The production of the gold mines, says
the Sun Francisco Hurt Id oflhs Istinst.,
instead of fulling off, as croakers long ago
predicted, seems to be steadily on the in
crease. The shipment during the month of
October just passed, reached the large sum
of 4,(i7!l,2ia; und from the umoiinl taken
by the California to-day, it i evident thut
this will be increased to full Sd.auo.OOU Tor
tho present month -by far tho lurgest a
mount ever shipped from our port within
the sumo period uf time. Altogether the
gold prospect of winter diggings is better
thi year than it ever bus been, and wo do
hop: that the miners will, in a great measure,
Liu relieved from vexatious delays- and ex
pensive and toilsome jouratys in cluiut linn
The Herald gives a full account uf the
action of tho miners in Jacksonville, in ex-
ycllinir llm Chinese. I he authorities ofj
acksoiiville interfered to protect the Chi
nuinen; proceeding so fur even ns to arrest j
live of the persons who were carrying out
the niiniiig regulations in this respect. On
tho same evening a meeting of miners was
held. Next lnorliin the miners chose Cspt.
Ainyx a th.-ir leader, nnd went through all
thu CJiiurse camps summarily expelling the
Chinese wherever llicy went. The an
thorites endeavored to interfere, but were
perfectly powerless in tho premise.
Foiieiun I intelligence. In the English
Parliament tho Chuncellor of the Exchequer
hnd given notice of amendment to a previ
ous motion inude hy Mr. Villiers, fully en
dorsing free trade.
The funeral cornmnnie of tho lute Duke
of Wellington came ufl' on the 18th, and
wore attended with all tho pomp and pa
geantry peculiar to such occasions.
The Earl of Shrewsbury, a celebrated Ro
man Catholic, died at Rome.
A treaty of alliance between England
and the Sandwich Islnuds.iiiiidu on the lUth
of iHstMay, has been published in England.
The Paris Monileur uunouuees that a :e-
ductiun in the French tinny of thirty tlinti-
. 11 V"""u ,,,ul protecting powers nave
. i .i. i i...: .i... . i
Hirneu iriu irruiui-ui ivuuiumiiMiie succession i
thm ,.'k ,i,rn b
The Pacha of Egypt hud sent a sum eouu
to jL'WO.OkO sterling to the Sultun, thus re
lieving his financial embarrassment.
Makrlk Imou tfomclMntf Yatutible.
Something new, oud ceitwmly vuluulle,has
recently been started by a company in New
York ,in the inauufuctuie uf uiarbleized iron,
which has all the bei uty and variety of color
llial uurhU J itself exhibits. The iron ap
pears to be enamelled, und the choicest kind
of urirbte for mintels, column, and table-
tups, are imitated saclosely that tho ordinary
I eye cannot detect tire difference. The great
it is frodu
ble, and in v
ng to the ts
advantage o! this article are its cheapness
ced at one-hull lhe costol mar-
arioii shapes and forms, accord
ate of the purchasher its dura-
Vmy of resisting . great
r degree of heat. Neither acids nor oiht
" ""eh W t ".. . decided
A I-ABT oil Moret Matters. A Mill
tary Argus has Ion J and prosy article
headed, "How to' make a home happy."
A friend of ours has now work in prepar
ation which solve the question "It i to
give your wile as much money a she asks
lor." Thi entirt-Iy abolishes the necessity
of kisses and soft solder. .
Betty throw up the window, loosen my
belt, and bring me my vinaigrette!
It is no use to feint, or to get into hyster
ics. because there's' nobody here just now
that understands my easel but I'd have you
10 """"stand my case! but I'd have you
-(Juliu Car, what a
Hottentot,) that neither "kisses,""soft sold
er," or "money," can ever pay your wife
what ahei. toyou!
L.iston to me! Do vou remember when
you was sick! Who tiptoed round your
room arraneinir the shutters and curtain
holes with an instructive knowledge of light,
to aray, that your tortured head could bear!
Who turned your pillow on the cool side and
Paricu ine inicii
' ... , ,
lo"'! VWlb a i
parted the thick matted locks from your hot
moved glasses and spoons
fithout collision or jingle! Who
compassionate smile, when
yon Delisted '! "wouldn't take your me
dicine, because it tastL-J o bad," and kept
-.c l. .- , !. .. ..l.ff'xo like a
soocr luce wnen you ij
caged lion, calling for segars and iit,ivps-,
pers, and mint juleps, and whisky punches!
Who migrated, unceasingly uncomplaining
ly from the big baby before her, to the little
baby in the cradle, without sleep, food or
rest! Who tempted your convalescent ap
petite with some rare dainty of her own ma
king, and got fretted at because there .was
not enough sugar in it !
Who was omnipresent in chamber, kitch
en, parlor and nursery, keeping the domes
tic wheel in motion, that there should be
no jar in the machinery 1 Who ordered
straw to be strewn before the house, that
your slumbers might be unbroken by noisy
carriage wheels! Whoever spoke of weary
feet, or shooting pains in the side, a. she
toiled up and down stair to satisfy imagin
ary wants, that nobody but wife could at-,
tend to! and who, when you got well and
moved about the house just as good as new,
choked down the teurs, as you poised the
half dollar she asked you for, on your fore
finger, while you inquired, "How did you
spenn t lie last one: . ,
titvc her what mimeu tneas is Jar l juuus
Ctesarl (Betty come here and carry my mis
erable remains!) Nobody but a Polar bear
or a Hottentot would wait to have a wife ask
for money. Fanny Fern.
Protest Against the Fbench EnriaE.
The protestof the Count deChambord, with
a proclamation from the Revolutionary
Committees of London and from the Jersey
Refugees, is published in the Paris Moni
teur. The Jersey manifesto is signed by
Victor Hugo. 175,000 copies of tho Cham
bord protest has been seized ut Lille, with
other supplies at Dijon and ftletz; also an ad
dress from Ledru Rollin, at Hazebrouck.
The Mouiteur publishes all the protest.
against tho Empire. Tbe two m mifestoe.
issued by the relugees in ,ngiana are ex
pressed in very violent terms, ine putiltc
are much surprised at the government print
ing the documents in the official organ, but
it is considered a political move, and a sign
that Louis Napoleon consider, himself in a
Cheap Corn Chop. Tho first premium
for crop of com was awarded by the Craw
ford County, Ohio, Agricultural Society, to
Mr. Linus Ross; UO bushel per acre
being the amount raised by him. It was
raised on new, plain lands, pusturcd the last
25 years, strong blue grass sward, plowed
the 81 1 or June, planted the 9lh of June
with a spado, without harrowing the grounds;
plunted three feet one way and twelve inch
es the other, three lo six grains to a hill.
Expense of culture slated to be Plowing
one acre, $3,00; Planting, 76 cents; Cutting
up 5(2,00. Tolol cost per acre $5,75. Ureal
Sam Patch Outdone. A woman who
was recently committed to tho Salem Work
House, not liking her lodgings, jumped out
of the window and escaped.
She was retaktn, and the second night
escaped in tho same way again. She was n
second time taken, and put into the fourth
story to lodge. Night ciime she threw her
bed out of the window, and leaped out or it;
but the distance of her fall so materiully in
jured her locDinotion.tliut she was the third
lime ret ukc ii in too much or a bruisou con
dition to try it a fourth. IjowelllVewi.
OirTho Detroit Free Pre' ssys, a young
gentleman now in Culiforniafroin that place,
is astonishing the citizens by hi encoun
ter with grizzly bear. He offers to fight
any bear that can be produced, and has nl
reudy had 'two meetings,' in both of which
he has been tho victor. Ona of these ani
mals, of the largest size and most voracious
species, had been caught and pitted against
this foolhardy Wolverine, for a wager of
$10,000; the only weapon allowed against
the hour is a bowie knife, not to exceed two
feet in length.
The last Speech of Mrs. Parttnbton.
"Fil'ty two Sons of Temperance," exclaim
ed the old lady, "and twcn'y-8vo Daughters,
too! Why bless me how many children has
aunt Temy got! Aud I hoar thrm talk a
bout Cadets uf Temperance. What sort of
debts ore them! But no wonder she owes
dobtswhen sl.ehasso many children to main
lain how I pity tho old crilter." And the
old lady pulled her spectales down on her
novo and resumed her knitting.
Charleston, Dec. 1. The account, of
the destruction of property by the late fresh
ets, are very distressing. At Columbus im
mense damage was done. The river ut that
point rose thirty feet. Theeservoirs form
ing the water power for the factories, gave
way, and carried oft" part of the Palace Mills
and Vuricty Works. The whole reservoir
is in ruins, and all the factnre. except one,
arc stopped. Eight hundred hand are thero
by thrown out or employment. .
A Civil wat or Gettino Roundit. The
Examiner, or Manchester, England, has a
peculiar way or calling a man a liar, as the
nil owing extract will snow: -we tear ine
Rev. II nuh Sto vell has not so effectually
schooled himself in the habitual practice of
veracity ns tn have overcome altogether
thoseveuiul impulses w hich sometime, urge
the purest st-a I into slight rorgetfulness of
our most t'lemol.ry obligation
rrt-'iVnl toy. 'Say, where'd you got
Nreoml Hoy. wny, mower, in wo ousi
j,m mnarld lhin linmnll. and lionanv
vw ..i r"' - . . .
. b,,y any now, coe they're afeard of tho
iiinleriichorbus. so I have lo eat'em. It's
hard work, but I duz it to help mother, and
filial 'fection, you know, will make a feller
do a great deal!
Cold in Australia. During a eing.e
week in July, as much as 125,000 ounces
of gold dust' was brought Into Melbourne
and Port Philip, which at a valuation of $20,
(or4 sterling.) gives a weekly product of
two and a half millions' of dolllars. OT
course, thi rate did not hold out through the
month, but the aggregate was not abort or
400,000 ounce., or $8,000,000
Kansas Territory The St. Louis
Eveniinr New. confidently expect, to see
this new territory, crganixed during the
coming session or Congress, it will proba
bly extend north of the Great Platte, south
to the Arkansas, and west to the main ridge
ol tn ttocKy sioujualm. .
Taes4ajr Eveaing, De. T, 1839
The PiEStDEiT'a Memaoe. W issued
this morning to our resders, the President'
Message in an extra - It was ready eterday
to Congres; to-day it was read by our reader
o all part of th county, where we could
aend them by mail. A few year, .inco, the
President' message, and in fart all other
important document were published here
some ten or fifteen day. after their publics
tion in the Eastern cities. Times hare chang
ed since then. Our people now are anxious
to roceivs the latest intelligence, and by
mean ot a daily paper, they areenubled to
keep posted np in all Important event., at
the latest a day or two after they occur,
There i yet room for improvement in this
city. But all this cost, money and labor, and
those who enjoy the advantages should help
bear the expenses. How many are there
who avail themselves of these facilities who
never pay a dime towards sustaining a daily
publication! How many improvement, could
yet be made, if the income of the establish
ment would justify the expense! And no
man could say that he did not get the worth
We have bad tima only lo glance over the
contents of tho message. Like .11 others
emanating from the same source, It 1. n
excellent State paper and will CoiiI.mn'
itself to the citizens of this country. At
this time, eur foreign relations assume a
very interesting form, and that portion of
the message relating to them will be perus
ed with interest. We shall have more to say
of thi. hereafter. In the meanwhile, we
ask a careful perusal of the message by all
Judicial. A passenger on board the
Steamer Niagara brought suit against that
boat tor the loss of a trunk, containing hi.
clothing and two thousand five hundred dol
lars. He claimed that he had delivered it
to the porter, stating that its content, were
valuable and thai be wanted special care
taken of it, paying tbe porter 25 cents for
that purpose. The trunk wss lost.
Judge Andrews, of Cleveland, held that
"in pursuance of the New York and Massa
chusetts modern authorities, money con
tained in an ordinary traveling trunk and
taken along by the passenger aa baggage
was not recoverable hi case of loss, any fur
ther thin as designed for traveling expenses
that in order to create such liabilities on
the part of a boat or Transportation Com
pany, the unusual contents or such trunk
s'lould be made known to the Carrier, so
that freight, if demanded, might be received
in proportion to the risk; that where a trunki
with such contents, was received, not as
mere baggage, but as freight, tho carrier
would be liablo although ho hud no notice of
the particular content of the trunk, but
that a mere gratuity puid by a passenger to
the Porter as a perquisite for taking care of
a trunk did not, in the absence of any fur
ther proof, vary the liability of tho carrier.
The Court further held that if it appeared
from the evidence that line money was being
transported for purposes of future invest
inent, and no part of it was intended lo be
us id as traveling expenses, that under the
circumstances tho boat would n t bo liublo
for ony portion of the money.
The Jury, under the charge of the Court,
returned a verdict for $301), tho vulue of the
wearing apparel, disallowing the $2,500,
cluimed for loss of money in the trunk.
Chicago Br.tr. Beef packed at Chicago
has a world-wide reputation. The regular
packing season commences about the
10th of October and continues nearly six
weeks. There are seven packing establish
ments in the city, and up to November 30th,
of this year, 21,777 beeves had been packed.
The total number of pounds exceeds 12,
000,000, making 47,223 barrels. The yield
of tsllow was over 4,000 barrels. This is
quite a respectable business for one place
and will reach iu tho aggregate over SO'00,-
Newark Locals. The editor ol the New
ark Timet say. that, if he had had a local ed
itor for a few weeks past, he would have liaj
a busy time in jutting down the incidents of
the day such ns a murder or two; some
stabbing cases; burglary; robbery ; stoning
of houses of ill-fuine; assauults and abuse
of woman; dog-fights, men-fights, die. New
ark is looking up!
(KrTheO. 8. Journal iays Tho now
State House is about covered, and ready for
winter campaign, Tne pillar, on the
north aud south sides are up, and the west
ones are commenced. About three years
more will finish the work, when Ohio will
have the finest State House in the Union.
Death or Hon. John W. Crockett. A
despatch-, from Louisville announces the
dcathoftho Hon. J. W. Crockett, son of the
celebrated Davy Crockett. He died ut
Memphis, on the 24th ult.
"Stars Ribs." That was a quaint con
ceit of the wit wlyi, having learned that a
uutnber of Cincinnati ladies had been mar
ried and taken off to other places, said that
"no city had a better claim lo supply 'spare
ribs' lor the universe."
Mysterious Operation in Grain Tho
London Economist con'.ains an account of
some very mysterious transactions in the
grain market, from which it appears that iu
February last agents were appointed by cer
tain parlies unknown, to purchase wheat in
Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Hamburgh and St.
Petersburg!, and flour in New York. These
agen's made extensive purchase, in nil theso
places, at price fully up to the London mar
kets, paid the cash down, and shipped their
purchase to England, where they were sold
at a dead loss of all expenses, which was
equal to 6s per quarter on wheat, and 4s per
barrel on the flour amounting in-the aggre
gate to .sum not less than 100,000. This
wa. kept up until June; and it was remark
ed that as the elections proceeded, the trans
action, were increased in their amount, and
in the apparent recklessness and disregard
of th result. Throughout July and Au
gust they seemed to reach their climax; and
ihx drew to a close in September. They
have, however. commenced again, and curi
osity is on the 9m' vine to fathom- the object of
aur.h aeem nir lolly. A 11 sons 01 reasons
have been given; among others, that they
had a relation to extensive stock transac
tions. "The Economist" suggests an expla
nation in relation to the recent events in
France: the great object having been in that
country, since the coup d'etat, to keep down
the price of corn, which could best be done
by effecting the French market through that
English Emiobation. Among the thou
sand social questions which have engaged
the attention of Statesmen, none havt been
deemed more worthy their consideration
than the discovery -of some measure which
might prevent an excess of population in the
British Isle. Just now, the fears are turn
ed in another direction. After stating that
the population of Great Britain and Ireland,
judging from the statistics of the last quar
ter, is decreasing at ibe rate of over 300,000
souls annually, attracted by the gold in Aus
tralia on the one hand, and freedom in A
nierica on the other, the London Times
"The great question is, how long thi drain
will be continued! We can only say, that
there appear, as yet. no sign whatever of
cessation or abatement. There is no doubt
but that more people left the country in Oc
tober than left it in September, and a. little
that more are departing in this present
month than departed in October. Only the
other day we published a notification that
the Government Emigration Commissioners,
having fixed on Southampton as a depot, had
stipulated for the construction of a species
of barracoon at each terminus or the South
western Railway, capable or containing
3,000 emigrants, wh were lobe cleared off
with extraordinary facility and quickness,
and replaced by fresh claimants for spassage.
The opening of a new year, according to the
announcement, was expected lo communi
cate a stroiiff additional impulse lo the traf-
riu. "wd, as Australia will at least take all we
. . . L..Jl.. .nulin.it ll.O
cansend.it i n
displacement. . The effecu, indeed, are al
ready felt in almost every brancu or every
ilnii hiiuinm, nil I Iia nTnnrienr.A nfsnOTi.r
year under these strange conditions will go
far to teach us how soon what is now reuai
may assume the character of exhaustion.
As many men are not employed in tne army,
navy, and militia, all taken together, as are
now leaving England every six months.
"A remarkable feature ol the event i. the
division of the emigrating stream from the
westward to the southward. 1 he popula
tion of the American Union is likely to suf
fer in proportion as what may be someday a
New Union is likely to gain. As yet tne at
tractions, principally no doubt, through fam
ily ties, of the United States, still preponder
ate, aud they received G2,57'J emigrant out
of the 109,236. These, however, were main
ly from the port of Liverpool, and the expor
tations from this quarter consist chiefly of
Irish. When we turn to London, which
sent forth 2 1,788, it appoars that Australia
wus the destination of no fewer than 14,956
of the number, and we may reckon, perhaps,
on at leffst a corresponding proportion of the
3,125 who sailed from Plymouth. The ef
fect of the diversion will tell also upon our
selves in the difference of the classes which
will be allured by the difference or attrac
tion.. The rush to Australia is not consti
tuted by the impulse, or fumine. wretched
ness, or despair. It arises from a deliberate
preference of one field to another, and we
should probably not be wrong in concluding
that at least one-half or the 15,000 person,
who last quarter left London for the gold
fields had already a position more or less set
tled uf their own. Many large establish
ment, are now, in fact, like regiments after
a battle, with young hands unexpectedly
promoted to the duties of seniors, and vacan
cies in abundance Btill. No man can pre
tend to conjecture where this will end. At
every turn and in every department of life we
shall encounter tho result of a revolution
which i almost converting an old country
into a young one, which tends to depress
capital and to elevato labor, which will put
prizes at n discount and candidates at n pre
mium, which will abolish the burden of pau
perism, extinguish th" springs nl Socialism,
and open fair avenue" of advancement to all
the middle classes of society. Even il the i
stream should continue running but lor two
vears lonevr it will nrobahlv deprive Great
Britain of at least a ni'llioli grown up men,
and will create a chasm' in- tHc population
which ten yeur of subsequent progress would
Sinuular Fate or Australia. For !
three or four generations the Dutch 11 lone
had any knowledge of Australia. The Dutch
had eyes, but saw not. Th-ir Commander,
Cusicns, sent out to explore tho country, de
scribed it as consisting of "burren coasts,
shallow waters, islands thinly peopled by
cruel, poor, and brutul n ilives.of very 1 ttle
use." The natives had not found the gold
thut naturo-lmd thrown in their river beds
and creek's, and tho voyagers did not sus
pect it existence, lho people were hos
tile and ugly. They wore no glittering
chains, o the natives of Peru did. The as
pect of the const was wild, gloomy and bur
ren. No tropical vegetation, no luscious
fruits invited the strangers to prolong their
stay, or to penetrate the thick bush in search
of minerul treasure. The Hollanders did
not want land; they came in search or trade
and gold, und finding neither of these, they
threw away a continent as-lunge a Europe
111 disgust. Alhenotum.
6t-Darius S. Burke, of Preble county,
was killed a short time since, as follows: In
company with another gontleman in a bug
gy, he met some persons returning from a
Locofoco fnndango at Eaton. The teams
passed each other, but the leaders becoming
frightened or restive, two of them got out.
One of them then threw a store at the bug
gy in which Burke was sitting. It broke
through the glass in the back of tho top
and struck him on the head, wounding him
severely. He proceeded home, but grade,
ally grew worse till death relieved him of his
misery. Tho offenders have been arrestod
and held to bail for their appearance. The
Eaton fry inter says the parties are respecta
ble, and the affair ha brought distros. and
sorrow into many peaceful fuinilics.
Dkan Swift. That worthy dignitary
had once handled rather soverely a certain
stout and bellicose Major in Ireland, who,
with a sturdy stick in hand, walked up to the
Dean in the midst of a large company, and
asked, in a domineering tone, if ho had writ
ten the squib in question!
"My good sir," replied the Dean, "Ire
member, and have always acted upon the ad
vice or a very prudent and experienced
friend, who said to me when I wa very
young, 'If you should ever have occasion,
as 1 have no doubt you will have, to lam
poon a quarrelsome and impertinent fooljsnd
if the impertinent fool should come and ask
you if you wrote the lampoon, my advice is
that you should answer distinctly I did
not.' I think thi advice was good; and 10
cordingly, in answer to your present ques
tion, I say I did not." Harpers Maga
zine. G aihk Cocks and Cabraoes for the South.
One sees many notuble things while
peregrinating about the landing; steam en
gines for Mcxicosfresh 'Tomatoes for Mobile,
iron cages for Slave Traders,, sweet toned
Church Bells for remote points on the Red
and Kansas Rivers, Furniture for Central
America, etc, etc. Yesterday we noticed,
going on the GuJnarc, twelve large coops
of trained Game Cocks In' charge of a Ken
tucky breeder on his way to New Orleans.
Also 3000 heads of Cabbage for the same
port Cin. Vax.
A Monstrous Tumor. A tumor, weigh
ing 1 12 pounds, was taken, after doath, from
the body of Hannah White or Gill, Mass.,
on.lheaad Inst. The sack of the tnmor
weighed 17 pounds, the balance being wa
ter, which on being emptied out, filled a
common sized wash tub. Ithsd been in ex
istence fer e-lcven years. Albany Reg.
Cold Co roar roa Orrica-SBZEtt..
The New York Time quotes a speech deliv
ered in the Uoited State. Senate in 1841 by
Franklin Pierc. upon tbe subject of remov
al from office. From the very decided man
ner in which Senator Pierce condemned re
moval from office, ws conclude that Presi
dent Pierce will make few or none. In re
ply to some remarks of Mr. Clay that the na
tion demanded changes, Mr. Pierce said:
"Sir, thi. dommd of the nation, thi. plea
at 'Utah nHomly,' let me tell gentlemen, i.
aa old as tho history or wrong and oppress
ion. It has been the standing plea, the nev
er failing resort of despotism.
"The great Julius found it convenient,
when he restored the dignity of the Roman
Senate, but destroyed its independence. It
gv" countenance to and justified all the
atrocities of the Inquisition in Spain. It
gave utterance to the stifled groans from tho
black-bole or Calcutta. It was written in
tear, upon the 'Bridge of Sighs' in Venice,
and pointed to those dark recesses upon
whose gloomy portal, there was never seen
a returning foot-print.
"Where were the chains or despotism '
ever thrown around the freedom or speech ! and lengthy debate and wa at la.t agreed to.
and or the press but on this plea of State ne- I This afternoon the Senate ha. been in com
eetntyV Let the spirit of Charles X. and of mitee of the whole on the bill to amend the
hi. minister, answer. .
It I cold, selfish, heartless, and has al
ways been regardless ot age, sex, condition,
services, or any of the incidents of life that
oppeal to patriotism or humanity.
"Wherever its authority has been ac
knowledged, it has ass tiled men who stood
by their country when she needed strong
arms and bold hearts, and has assailed them
when, maimed and disabled in her service,
they could no longer brandish a weapon in
"It bs afflicted the feeblo and depend
ant wife for the imaginary fault of the hus
band. - (
"It ha. .striken down innocence lit its
beauty, youth in it froshness, manhood in
it vigor, and old age in it. feebleness and
decrepitude. Whatever otner plea or apoi-
gy may be set up for the sweeping, ruthless
- - .If. ..!..!! . III...! UA
exercise Ol mis civil gumuuuu i iu i"-
ent day, in the name or Liberty, let us be
spared this Tearful one of "State necessity' in
in thi early age of tho Republic, upon the
floor of the American Senate, in the face of
a people yet free."
After this(say the New York "Express")
the Whig In office we think may fuel per
fectly safe that the "civil guillotine" is not
to reach them.
A Public "Retrace:." vVe find the
following interesting correspondence !o the
Dayton Gazette. The friends or the HoP
Wm. S. Sawyer hereabout, will be happy
to see him sot right:
Dayton 24th Nov 1853.
on my arrival in thi city this morning I
Tor the first time was put in possession or
the Daily Dayton gazett of Sep 6th and 13th
last in each or which paper are certain ed
itorial matter under the head of "Cor rup
tionon tint Public Works" which publications
arefulse.nd slanderous and calculated to
injuro a Reputation which has been my
highest aim to establish
I ask you in thi Polite way (wishing to a
void all trouble) to retrack Puhlic'.ly all of the
charge you have mad in the Publication a
bovo referred to and that without delay or
I shull be compelled to aeek a legal remo
dy with due respect your
Everything about tfte foregoing note coni
pell lo a' liberal, prompt and cheerful
compliance with the writer' request. Ac
cordingly we give him notice, and call "the
rest of mankind" to witness, that we "pub
l, Temperance! Oi Moses!"
Heavv. Men. A Revolution
! shows that the followiusr the
ievcrui omcer 01 ine ii.woiuuonary nruiy,
j Aug. 10. 1783, weighed at the scales at West
! General Washington, .
" Grenlon, ,
" Michael Juckson,
" Henry Juckson,
Lieut. Col. Huntingdon,
Cherry Pectoral. We hove departed
from our usual rule in regard to the adver
tising of Medicines, in udmilling the notice
of the Cherry Pectoral to our columns. It is
not a patent medicine, but one, the contents
of which, are well known to the medical pro
fession, and which has proved highly bene
ficial in the case of 11 number of our acquain
tances ho were seriously a 111 cited with pul
monary complaints. Some of our most skill
ful and eminent physicians recommend it to
their patients in their regular practice, and
we feel that we arc conferring a favor upon
the public by making known its virtues.
Louisville Ch. Advocate.
A Lono Line of Railroad. The re
port of John Brough, Esq , upon the great
railroad enterprise in which he is engaged,
show that at this tiino there only needs the
completion of 170 miles, between Terra
Haute and St. Louis, to connect the Eastern
cities with St. Louisthus making a con
nected line of railroad of 1,200 miles be
tween St. Louis and Boston, 1,144 nvles be-twoorr-St.
Louis and New York by the Cen
t rali-and 1,039 by the Erie road. Add to
this-that about 200 miles or the Pucific road
westward is-now under contraot, with a
grant or 3,004,000 acre or land by the Gov
ernment, and it present, the longest and
most direct connected railroad line in the
A Curious Sight. A few mile, from
Boston, this morning, a curious sight was
seen, being a drove of turkeys, not driven,
but led or coaxed by a man with a basket of
corn. He occasionally threw out a handful,
and the turkeys .narched after, not reflecting
on the many hungry appetites they were des
tined to supply on Thanksgiving. There
were 750 in the drove, and they came in that
novel manner all the way from the northern
part of Vermont, where live turkeys are
worth from 8 to 10 cents per pound. Boston
Journal, Nov, 19,
New York Citt Taxes. The taxes of
the city or New York will be increased next
veiir niiA millnn five hundred thousand did- I
ars. The rate or taxes n w is 96 70-100 onfM. F. Cowdery;Superintendentorfhe Public
8100 or valuation, but next year it will be
9125 on the $100. The city dobtofNew
York is 14,578,908.
Letters by the Million. Over ninety
three millions or letters passed through the
I'ost Office or the United State, during the
last fiscal year from Juno '51 to June '52.
The revenue under the reduced rate, of
postage ha. fallen off nearly a million of
dollar..' - .
'" Considerable excitement exi.'s a
round and ihBBLLBVuc in consequence of
the hydrophobia having attacked quite a
number of hogs, cows and dogs Report
ay. one child has been bitten by a hog, bnt
we do not know its truth. One person was
compelled to kill five large rattening hogs,
which were attacked with fits, aud some cows
hare also been shot. This seems a strange
atory for this season of the year, but we are
asiured it is true. We hope it it be real
Hydrophobia, every animal .bowing the
least symptoms of madness may be penned
or dertioyed. Stndutky Reg. ,
Correspondence of the Lancaster Gazette.
Columbus, Oee. e, 1859.
Editor or The Gazette: On Saturday
morning, th. Senate met for the last time
in the Old Court House and spent the fore--noon
in committee of tbe whole on that old
stager, the School Bill. Before coming to
final conclusion, tbe committee arose and
reported the bill back and it was laid on the'
table to be printed with the amendment.
Tbe Senate then adjourned over until thi.
morning, to give the Sergeanl-at-arm. time
for the removal of the senatorial trap, to the
new hall. Accordingly they met thi. moriM
ing in their new and somewhat highly ortfa
me n ted quarters,and went to work in a much'
better humor than ha. been discernible on
the senatorial brow for some time past.1
A resolution offered by Mr. Ferguson to"
instruct the committee on school, and school
lands (to whom after being taken from tbe
table the School Bill was referred) to amend'
by providing that the revenue raised under
the act for school purposes shall be collected
and considered a. State taxes, and paid ac
cordingly into the State Treasury and
thence distributed among the several coun-
; tics in such proportions as they may be aev--
erally entitled to receive, excited a .Dlriter
tax law (repealinsjr the exemption clausel
i . - . . , . ... . f
introduued by Mr. Johnston, and the day
was consumed in the discussion of .Constitu
tional principle as to whether theLegisIature
is bound to recite, in an act to repeal, the
clause proposed to be repealed. The con
struction of the 16th section of the second
article or the Constitution was the disputed
point and before finishing the debate the
Mr. Wa-d,of Warren, has Introduced a
bill into the House or Representatives to
abolish the death penalty, and there is.
ferjr vigorous sentiment in favor oMt pas
sage; but it will be strongly contested and it
is difficult to say what will be its end. A
resolution was adopted in the House on Sat
urday evening, absolving Mr. J. W. (Jray
from his printing contract, and the officers
of State are authorized to relet or to accept
f.i. . 1 . I .IJ
i ine prnpuiiuun m in- ue irnvcsi muurr
A bill has been under discussion in the
House to-day, to better secure the privileges
of hnlieas corpus to the citizens of this State.
It is intended for a nuliifier to the Fugitive
Slave Law, but will hardly be able to go
House resolution (0 cancel the bid of J
W. Gray tins just been read in the Senate
and wan referred to the committee on print
ing. It will be adopted) of course.- Ther
proceedings of the Legislature in relation to
this contract of Gray's, meet with the uni
versal condemnation of all reasonable men
who are acquainted with the particulars of
ihe transaction, and il was eveir bitterly op
pos."d bra fete of tbe more candid and im
parti a .1 Jjocofocoein tbe House those who'
expect nothing from tbe-or favor Governor
Wood's "ft, the Cleveland) Plain Deafer .
But the grt't f lbe majority pot it
through with rush and tho tbe Slate i
again swindled oui of it is impoiwfbfe- tv say
how much by parturl avorisfcw poni
the subject of State priSS' V' ,"T
purposes for which the people de"?Jred new
constitution, it seems that it is at
gross and complete failure. Encothres.
Honor and Profit of Industry. The
honorable position of the laboring occupa
tions or man is a striking feature of our age.
Perhaps at no former period was this so emi
nently the case. And it is an encouraging
feature of the age, one full of hope.
The world has been too long governed by
a false notion or aristocracy in reference to
labor. Idleness, effeminacy, and luxury,
have met with too many sillv devotees.
Now they are laughed at aud despised.
Ono can suffer mi greater reproach than to
I liuvc it jaid of him that' lie does nothing.-
ary paper I He once tbWes ranks with "fashionable gam
weighl of I biers," sometimes termed "gentlemen" of lei
These eflemiiiiitc gentlemen who nr8"
sometime' wont lo boast of their ancestry,
lori'ct probubly they never knew thut
the greatest or men have been trained up
to "work with their hands." God ordained
that man should live by labor. It i a law
166 " j ol our being, mental as well as physical, and 1
619' " there t no develnp.einent withonf Wbor. -252
" AVitfrity, fTealth1,' strengh and intelligence,.
can live only in a being ofan active lite.
I Our greatest men in alleges have been'
active working men. Burns was a plow--
boy ; uen. Jotison was a bricklayer; f rann--
lin was a printer; Hog.T hrmun was a
shoemaker; and Washington' wns'-ai farmer-.'
We might multiply a bright host of names'
illustrative of this fact.
Our age is an age of action, and none can
claim exemption from some active pursuit.
And we are rejoiced that it i so. It will, -in
the end, banish all false distinctions iu so
ciety;aud nothing will give greater strength)
to our national character than this healthy'
public sentiment in reference to the honor
and profit of industry.
Editorial Certificates. H .ubscriber.
to journals, like church members, in "stop
ping their paper," were required to produce
an editorial certificate before they could sub
scribe for another, there would be some cu
rious developments; as, for example: We
certify that A. A. stopped his paper because
the editor refused to allow him six columns
for a personal vindication, which concerned
nobody but himself. We certify that C. D
refuses Ihe paper because the editor did not.
publish theobituory notice of a relative
which was never sent to him, but which he
ought to have detected in some or hi ex
change papers. We certify that E. F. wish
es to transfer his patronage to another pa
per, because, having taken this paper six
years without paying a cent, ho felt himself
insulted by having a bill sent to him by way
or reminder. We certify that G. H. in his
opinion, is a poet of the Hrst water; but the
editor unfortunately, differing from him in
that opinion, is regarded by him as wholly
unqualified for his office. We certify that
I. J. has stopped his paper, because the ed
itor had the temerity to express an opinion
on a certain matter without having; prevl.
ously ascertained the opinion or this pmrtic-.
ular subscriber. York PresbyUrianu-
Ohio State Teachers' Association; -The
fifth annual meeting of the State Asso
ciation will be held in Columbus the 29thi
and 30th of December. Arrangements have
been made with the NorthernOhie Railroads
to carry delegates for half the usual.' fe,.
The larirest and most interesting education
al meeting ever held tn Ohio is anticipated.
Schools of Sandusky; will deliver the open
ing Address on Wednesday morning; and.
the Rev. Mr. Gerhart, Presidenfof HeideU
berg College,, the Annual Address,.
Wedne.-day evening.- Rev. Mr. Anderson,.
President or the Association, will dcliver
. valedictory Address- atthe close of th'
meeting, and reports upon interesting.eds.
tional topics will be read by Re. Mr. Smyth,
Superintendent ot the l'ublic scnoois 01
Toledo, and by Prof. Merrick, of Ohio Wes.
leyan University. Sandusky Register.
fjr-The Cincinnati Gazette accounts for
the rapid increase of lunatics in this wayi
"It seems that for some time past it has beem
the custom of some of our Justice.-of the.
Peace to hold inquests of luuacj.ovep- per
sons whom it was well known were merely
drunk, and would declare them intant."
ftTln M&iha T.'sw hss nassed the Legis-.
lature of Vermont triumphantly; has beea,
pronouoced'uaeonstitotional in New HlnP
shire; and it now on trial with, the same ob
ject In Rhode Island. t 5 ; V ;