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CITY OF iSrCASTER:
Monday Evii"S. V tZ. 183
?H5 Public Lands The Report of the
Commissioner of the General Land Office
contains much information in regard to the
public domain. The lauds surveyed . the
past year cmqunt to 9,522,053 acres. The ,
lands advertised for sale to 8,032,433 acres- !
Lands sold for cash to 1153,071 acres.
Located with the Bounty Land Warrants.
3,201,314 acres. Located wilh other ccrtifi-
catcs, 1 15.CS2 acre. 'Joking a total 4,8"0,- '
078 acre located t'uring the year. In ad
dition there were reported a .Swamp Lend
Grants, &.C., 8,245,100 scree, making the
grand segregate of 13,115,175 acres dis
posed of during tho year, an excess of 3,
343,372 acres over the previous year.
A few figures show the magnitude of the
Lnod Office business. The accounts ad
justed and reported to the Comptroler for
sHtiement, were 1,491. Letters received
during the year 25,000. Certificate of Laud
sales issued, 21,503. Bounty Lund War.
rant locations registered, 29,226. Declara
tory statements entered, 9,318. Swamp
Land, Internal Iinprovemeut and other se
lections recorded, 50,000. Cash, ' Bounty
Land, and other Patents recorded and trans
mitted, 70,000 No less than 7,664,519 acres
Swamp Land and other selections were
certified to tne respective States, and up
wards of 20,000 pages of letters and accounts
The report of Dr. Owen on tho North
West Territory, including Nebraska, wil'
aoou be out. He recommends a geological
survey of Oregon, and tho Commissioner
concurs in the expediency of it.
The total number of land warrants is
sued from 1847 to 1852, inclusive, aro 223,.
007, embracing 22,428,400; tho number of
warrant located 121,026, covering 14,803,
040 acres; leaving outstanding 101,981 war
rants, which call for 7,G26,3i) acres There
have been issued under tho Act of '50, gran
ting Bounty Land to tho officers of the war
of12, and the Mexican wor, 738,698 war
rants, covering 9,921,320 acres of land; of
which huvo. been located, 40,5011, leaving
outstanding, 92,192 warran's.
, The Commissioners recommend the pas
sage of an act granting a quarter section of
land in fvrtj soldier of the war of 12 who
has not already received bounty land, wheth
er regular or volunteer, who served for any
length of time, however short. As the nun-
berof warrants Issued under tho Act of '63
supplementary to that of J850, is only 1 171'
it is not probable that the proposed exten.'
aion of the Bounty Law will require the ap.
propriation of any large quantity of tho pub
The commissioner recommends the erec
tion of Laud Olfices in California, Oregon
and tho Territory of Nebraska, Utah and
New Mexico, to collect evidence of claims
and make other necessary preparations for
the sale of the Public Lands therein.
Tho number of claims pending before the j
Board of California Land Commissioners
was 21)3, and testimony had been taken in
On the subject ef Railroad Grant Lands,
the Commissioner state that tho reserved
section of the grants to railroads along their
routes have sold readily at thu minimum pri
ces fixed by tho laws, and the Commissioner
thinks these grants have enhanced the val.
ue of the Public Lnnds. He state the av
erage cost of railroads in the Lund States, at
$25,000 per mile and thinks thu t the grant.
of 3,840 acres per mile in aid of railroad in
those Suite will be beneficial alike to them
and the General Government.
Hio grant of six section, or 3,840 cres,
per uuie, mo commissioner siaies wuuiu
not quite realize $ 10,000 at tho dgublo mill-
imiim. Tho balance ol over $13,000 per
mile, would have to be furnished by the
State, or the Individual enterprise, to which
the construction of the road might be en
trusted. He regards the act passed at tho
last sessiou of Congress, granting tho right
of way and the privilege of taking the ne
cessary materials for the construction of all
such roads from the public laids, as a fair
introduction to this policy, and the Commis
With these views, I respectfully recom
mend that grants of this character be made
to the several States for every work of the
kind they may undertake; nnd especially
to tho State west of tho Mississippi, for the
construction of railroads from that river,
along the fertile vallie watered by the
streams that descend from the Rockey moun
tains to the foot of those mountains, and
that like grant be made to the State of Cal
ifornia, and Territories of Oregon, Ul nh and
of Mexico, fur routes leading from tho Pa
cific to the west side of those mountains,
leaving the transit uf tho mountains to in
dividual enterprise, or the enlarged liberality
of Congress, in view of the immense facil
ities and advantage that would ensue to
the commercial interest ol the country from
The prelection that would thus he ex
tended to citizens residing on lhe frontiers
the iiuluccme nts to settle on those lands, ami
the facilities that would he furnished the
government for transporting mi unities and
goods tortiie Indians, a nd men and military
' store lor the frontier posts, would fully jus
tify such grants, aside from the pecuniary
profit growing out ol them
Or, if the State of Iw and Missouri,
should combine to construct such a road
from some point on the Missouri river, west
of the western boundary of those States, or
Arkansas and Louisiana should, in like man
ner, undertake tho construction of a South-
eru road for tho mutual benefit of tho
Slates, that liberal grant, be made fur those
inevasi imparlance of lliese measures
our country become the mart and medium of
- ths trade ol the world.
isduka Elkctoiial Collide The l eg-; purchased another in Chestnut between
tslaturo of Indiana, at its last session, Iniv-; Eh veinh and Twelfth, south side. They
ing.fix,d.ihe first Monday of December for'1" inm"',li,'ly proceed to build an exten
tho meeting f , Klectoral College ol that e8,1"bli,'!,m.',"t "" Uv nt" pri'inise",
State, instead of the fir.t Wedne ! cuteY ''""""S J 1"''''iB r.
provided by Congre., only five of the thir-1 -
teen members met on the (Vr,i instant. The! ,03 Mr. iftphcnluli Silvers, living on the
vacancies, were filled by tho five electors
and ths vote of the Stuto cast fOT lw..!
,ur 1 nd
. T?.E" u bout tereo hundred batik, in
ths United Slates.
Ohio Legislature. We have looked in
vain to find any thing of interest la the pro-
ccedings of tb:a body. We cmnot for the some article of provision to the rapid lu
ll fe of os the necessity for t he present j crease or iuiigration, and reason after this
session, utiles it wuuld be to revise and cor- wise:
xct the incomprehensible and defective en-: In the last three year the country ha
actments of the previous one. But as there
ia little hope for any thins so desirable from '
aset of men whose only object in going there
was pecuniary gain, we would advise them to
ave the credit oftlie State, and relieve the
people from taxation, by "pulling stakes"
and making a "motion" towards home. We
do so however, with little hope for it would
surely be an anomaly for that body to profit
by good advice.
!EW ,ORK. RYSTALrA..ACI..-ll.iaOU..a.
. r. r. - mi . i I j I
ing constructed of iron and glass, is erected ;
on Reservoir Square. The ground plan of
tho building forma an octagon, and is sur
mounted by a Greek Trots, with a Dome
over the Intersection. The extreme length
and breadth of tne building are each 3G5
feet. Height of Dome to top of Lantern, 143
feet. Entire space on ground floor, 1 1 1,000
square feet. Galleries, 6,2,000 square feet.
Whole area, 173,000 square feet, or 4 acres.
The Architects of this suprerb structure are
Gcorgo J, It. Castensen and Charles Gilde-
meister. The exhibition is announced to
be opened on the second of May, 1843, and
already bids fair to bo complete iu every de
THE MoRGAH AMD WaSHIKGTOK
rialElection. Last Saturday the people
of Morgan and Washington voted for a Sen
ator to fill the vacancy occasioned by the
death of Mr. Covey, who, it will bo remem
bered, was a passenger on the ill-fated Buck
eye Belle. The contest was chiefly in re
ference to the Temperance question, and
the result will decide whether the good peo
ple of Morgan and Washington are fur or
against tho Maine Law.
Pkrtinent. Tho Woman's Rights Con
vention, held atMt. Gilead, tho 16th, and
17tb of November, adopted a number of res
uliitions, among whieh was one declaring
that like causes for a revolution cxi.-tt a
mong Ihin that existed among our forefath
ers, viz: "taxation without representation."
Shoot Sal or give Mam the gun.
A Bill has been introduced' into the
House of Representatives, authorising the
Governor of this Slate to make a contract
with Hiram Powers, for a marble statue of
George Washington, to bo placed in the new
Capitol. See Culumbus correspondence.
The Public Me or California. Out
public men as a body, aro sadly wanting in
moral and religious character. For the mosr
pnrt they are profane and infidel. Tbcir ex
ample ia on tho whole, hostile io good morals.
They violate tho Sabbath. They discoun
tenance churches. Thus they strike at two
of the most valuable of social institutions.
Not a few live in open and shameless adul
try. Some are well known gamblers. Some
are bullies, ready alike Tor a fisticuff or a
jduel. Pew, comparatively, are pure-mind-jedand
honorable men. Even some proni
j inent among us formerly admired for their
: hirrh moral character as political men. have
6un, to the companionship of harlots. II
the cover of midnight could be lifted sudden-
ly, many a public servant throughout the
Slate would seek some other concealment
for his shame. But we trace and expose
them no farther. Wo have alluded to the
character of such, only to deprecate it. We
have no faith in wisdom inspired by brandy.
Wo have no confluence
Iiuua n k iniifiilani in man munii Ia
"strong drink," and "strange women." We! . 1 ".xposure and ourftiuKo-
inust expect to be victims of men over us I woman by the namo of McLurdy, was
who are themselves victims or their lusts. foVnd !", the abo"1 ll,.re0 ""le a,boVe
Fnr.hmh mnr.l rWurter i. M.ei.ti.l '"" Village Oil tllO MomstOwn road.Oll
strict integrity. ravtlic
fr7"A tboc king murder veus committed on
j Saturday lant ut-ur Junes' Station, in Butler
i county. Three meu named Shsy, Donatio
! ?d Murffp,,-V' .T'i LV0'? I? T
into an affray, ia w hich Shay struck Donatio
ion lhe wi,h n ,Xe, fracturing hisskull,
, out onay and Murphy, supposing IJonaho to
be falsely prctei.ding to be more hurt than
i uu n n, piuvru ill Hnimi a lirr, HU IMI H tl
him to death, because he would not stand
I upright. Shay was arrested and Murphy
I escaped. Ulnccrinre in pursuit or the lat
ter. Nobly and Libkiully Dune. We learn
from Mr. Hembroe, of Lafayette, that the
citizens ofthat place and vicinity raised one
thousand and furty-seven dollars in cash,
fifteen hundred pounds of flour.two fat oxen,
and the uso of twenty pack animals, all of
which has been sent out to relieve and assist
the destitute and suffering immigrants. This
"substantial aid" bus been placed under the
charge of W. II. Affleck a gentleman of
character and perseverance, who will do
all that is possible to assist tho unfortunate
in their hour of need. Truly have tho citi
zens of Yamhill county shown a most
praiseworthy spirit, in ths liberality and
promptness with which they huve respond
ed to the call for help from their countrymen
in lhe mountains.
How noblej and praiseworthy their con
duet appears, when compared wilh the
Pharisaical course pursued by soms men in
our midst, who are always inn king loud pre
tentions of affection for the "dear people,"
when votes are to bo obtained thereby.
Oregoiiian, Oct. 23.
San Francisco. "Where i sustained
enterprise there are wives and children,"
and tho Empire City of the Pacfic is not an
exception. Five years ago and one dozen
women were not to he lound within the pres
ent City limits, now they number thousands,
ami are constantly multiplying. Already
society is quite polished and gay as in our
Atlantic Cities, and Sun r ranciscois no lon
ger upon the farthest vrgo of civilization,
but is nvilinitiun's very seat. The City
number 40,000 people; and of this number,
1,500 are children of n suitable age to attend
school. Day and Habhnlh S. lo,l. in
efficient organization, and alreuly numerous
Conors anu seminaries are b
Illlilimr tr npiii
i.tftil A ftMf v.iupa ... , . ...
,0(, ,,e rity, Ihruud Wlb lhe wihl
or0(, ,.ro;.,4 orrpresenta.ivc. ZZ f fivili"
zed world, a Queen in the arts and ei ....
,-.1,4 will ho ri.ffal in her wi- 1I1I. ...
ItfrTho Aineriean Siimly School Union.
in Philadelphia, huve sold their fine property
;. ri,. 1 .1 . -1
. "cr-el,y county, Vs., on Sunday
,ho1 M,r ' ? Morgan, of the same county,
1 wound nir h m ser u v in ih k.....
1 . . y ' "" itior-
I rv- n k.Ail,ii. 1 t i f I 1 . .
gan's brother, It is said, had elnnixl
vsr's daughter; and, it is alleged, waa assailed-
by Silvers for aldtns- In th. -i-!.
mt rii.. ... 1. ". ... r . 1 "
- - j 1 1 1 w 1 ubh iirrii .iiniir.il 1 1
Provisions. A writer in the Philadelphia
Ledger attributei the present high price of
received about one million of emigrants.
.? cons"m verage, one pound of
butter. Taking the average weitrht of bul
lucks killed at 800 pounds (casting the lat
and offal,) it would require an increased a
mouhlof animal food, equal to 756,250 head
of cuttle to supply our new guests, inde
pendent of the extra quantity necessary for
the ordinary increase of population. Of
butter it would take a sufficient number of
cows to yield thirteen millions of pounds
South Carolisa Legislature. A report
. . . . , j, nJ.aj.,stll oi
prop08iff to sc free persons of color for
debt. Robert Ilopton, a free colored man,
having conducted himself with much useful
tiess to the South Carolina regiment, in
Mexico, durinif the war, a bill has been re
ported in the legislature to exempt him from
the usuul capitation tax. Another bill has
been reported which provides that when any
person shall buy for csh any cotton, rice, or
other urlicle of merchandize, and shsll sell
or remove the same from South Carolina be
fore the cash is paid, he shall he adjudged
guilty of a misdemeanor in obtaining goods
by talse pretences, and on conviction, shall
suffer such punishment, by fine and impris
onment, as the court may adjudge, not ex
ceeding twelve months' imprisonment, nor a
fine exceeding the value of the goods sold or
Singular Pats or Australia.' For
three or four generations tho Dut ch alone had
any knowledge of Australia. They had
eyes, but saw not. Their commander, Cas
iens, sentoul to explore the conn try .descri
bed it os consisting of "barren coast, shal
low waters, Islands thinly peopled by cruel,
poor nnd brutal savage," of very little use."
The natives had not found the gold that na
ture had thrown into their river beds and
creeks, and the voyagers did not suspect it
existence. The people were hostile and ug
ly; they woro no glitcring chains, as did the
natives of Peru; the aspect of the coast was
wild, gloomy and borrcn. No tropical veg
etation, no lucious fruits invited the stran
gers to prolong their stay. The Hollanders
did not want land; they came in search of
gold and trade, and finding neither of these
they threw awny the continent a large as
Europe in disgust. A thenaum.
Fabmers, beware of Foreign Bask
Notes of Doubtful Character. A large
amount ot foreign currency is being brought
into this region to pay Tor hogs snd other
products. It come here in the regular
course of business, and in the absence of our
homo currency, it goes into general circula
Much of this currency is from the east, and
is either so well known, or secured by pub
lic stocks, as that it is received with confi
dence by our banking institutions.
But mark this efforts are being made to
foiat into circulation along wilh what is
good, tho notes of some Banks of doubtful
character, or whoso condition is unknown
here, and some of nu character at all. For
instance, notes purporting to be of Banks (a
host of them) located in Washington City,
and which really have no existence, huve
been brought here lately. T.iat currency is
The Banks of Columbus, we are informed,
do not receive the notea of the Banks of oth
er States, unless such as aro of well estab
lished credit and generally current, or of
such as are secured by public stocks. They
reject, particularly, Wisconsin, Michigan,
Erie, Pa., and Bank of Milford, Del. Tho
western are refused chiclly because of tlioir
distance from home; tho others because uf
the ignorance of their condition, especially
the last "Milford." Our advice to Farm
ers is, "to take nothing of doubtful charac
ter." Matt Journal.
rm. ...... I-..
Thursday evening last, in the last stages of
exhaustion produced by exposure and starva
tion. It seems that on Wednesday, the day
before Thanksgiving, she had visited this
village for the purpose of obtaining work for
her needle, and fuiliug in this, had started
on foot for Morristown. She was much ex-
(.hausted, and fuint.and was compelled to sit
uown oy me roao siuo a numuer oi nines io
rest and observing the passers by sturo at
her, us she thought ns II they supposed her
intoxicated, she retired into the woods to
escape observation, and sitting upon the
ground between two trees, rlie fell asleep.
When she awoke, she found she could not
use her hands and feet. In this state she
laid till the ninth day, exposed to the frost
and snow and rain, unable to attrictthe at
tention of thoso who were, passing near her,
and till she was accidently discovered.
When found, tho circulation had nearly
ceased, and sho could have aurvived but a
abort time. Sho was taken into the house
of Mr. Benjamin Nevin, and well caried Tor.
N. York Day Goods Market. Both
woolen and cotton goods have advanced in
New York, and considerable speculative ac
tivity pri vails in the former description
especially, In consequence of tho increasing
scarcity and constantly rising prices of wool.
What good are making at tho present price
of wool will cost considerable more than the
present selling prices, advanced as those arc.
Heavy sheeting are very active at an ad
vance; the quotations are trorn 7 to o
cents. The spring trade has actually com
menced, in consequence of the upward ten
dency of tho market. . Bleached goods nro
in low stock, and have advanced Ja J rent.
Drill are very scarce, and Ursa ; browns at
8 c.ts., blues 'J cts., and bleached 8 a 8 eta.
Cloths, Canton flannels, &.C., are also in de
mand, lit advancing figures.
Suscfssioii Bridge at Dresden. The
wire Suspension Bridgeover the Muskingum,,
will he readv for use by the- 1st of January.
The span im 450 feet.and the total weight of
lhe four cables, including wrapping wire, ia
36 tons. The towers are 33 lect high. Mr.
E. Dow nie is tho builder. .
Produce at Oi.;dknburb Tho receipts
of Flour at Ogdensburgh since the opening
of Navigation up to Decemoer Cth, were
715,4'i3 bbls.; Wheat, 985,868 bu; and Corn
422,6811 bushels. Tho propeller St. Law
rence transported 36,838 barrelsofthe Flour.
1 Gi.hman Pkieces in Washington Citt.--
: j Highness Nicola, Prince of Nassau, and
' "K . . " . """"""-"--
Costi.v Fi ne r, m.s. Nelson's fuwraf, in
18ll!, r.nt the British government ahoul
seventv-nve thousand d illars. William
Pitt's, thirty thousand. Wellington's will
probably costjos much us both together.
Enuland. The volunteering for tho mili
tia has been so far successful thst no less
than 30,000 out of the 60,000 wanted have
been enrolled. But only thirteen of the fifty-two
counties of England and Wales have
furnished their full quota.
. . -i mi .
committees or uobgbess. i ne standing
committee of tbellouse of Represents tinea,
as announced by the (Speaker on wednea
day, are, with a few variations made ne
csssary by deaths andregnatlon,the same
Correspondence of the Lancaster Gazette.
Columbus, Deo. 8, 1853.
Editob or ths Gabettb. Since Tues
day morning, the Legislature ha done but
little business of any character wnaiever,
much less of so important a character as to
deserve the attention of your readers. The
House is not in session to-day, having ad
journed over to give the use of this Hall to
the Agricultural Uonvention mat assem
bled here this morning. The Seuate sift
till noon, and then adjourned to give the Sen
ators (many of whom are delegates) an op
Dortumtv to attend the sittings of that im
portant body. Tuesday waa spent by the
House in committee of the whole, on a bill
to better secure the privilege of kalxaM corf us
to the citizens of this State. The provisions
ol this bill were originally very stringent,
but in the course of consideration and a
mendinent It has been so tempered down to
constitutional conformity, that it wears but
a slight resemblance to Us original malfor
mation. It avowedly proposes to do what
the people of Ohio long since condemned in
John L.Ualhoun,and the people oi ooum uar
olina and endeavors to atainp upon the un
tarnished escutcheon of our State a stigma
that all good patriots have hoped would fur
ever be mononolized by the "fire eater."
Una of the monstrous oinns oi me iree sou
womb, it conceals its deformity in a garb of
popular catch-words, and attempts to under
mine the loyalty of the citizen by pretending
to dig out the pure gold oi numan rignts.
It is too late to chain Ohio to the car ofuul
The resolution of the House, to cancel the
bonds of Mr. J. H. Gray, as printer to the
State, was laid upou the table, and a resolu
tion to appoint two additional Sergeants-at-arms
was discussed in the Senate this morn
ing, and at length indefinitely postponed.
The effort to increase the force was made
by certain Senators who were desirous to
secure places for certain useful implements
in the business of a politician, and quite a
furror waa stirred up by the open charge of
this kind of corruption made against these
gentlemen by Mr. Peppard, of Harrison.
The resolution wa indefinitely postponed.
The Agricultural Convention had a long,
weary, and at times rather a stormy session.
Some difficulties' seem to have arisen be
tween members of the Board or their friends,
which were carried into the deliberations of
the Convention, and the resolutions and
recomendations that were iterated and re-iterated,
aeemed to heartily disgust the unin
terested spectator. Messrs. Worthington,
Mcintosh, Ladd, Gest and Steele, were cho
sen to fill the vacancies in the Board and at
the session of ti.e same immediately after
their election, Mr. Medary was chosen Pres
ident, Mr. Gest Secretary, and Mr. Sulli
vant Treasurer. The Board decided ou
Dayton as the place for the next State Fair.
The bill to authorize the Governor to
make a controct with Powers for a statue
of Washington has bean read the second
time in the House and is daily gaining
friends. It appropriates five thousand dol
lars for the purpose and requires the execu
tion and delivery ol the bust by the 1st day
of September, 1864. A report from the
Sinking Fund commissioners, laid on the
desk ol members to-day, is the great subject
in political circles. It divulges a quarrel
between Trevett, Morgan and Pugh, on ths
one hand and Juhu G. Breslin on the other.
Tho quarrel has been ripening since last
spring, and all sort of charge are made a
gainst the Treasurer by the commissioners.
John's replication is looked for with much
interest. It is a trick of the old "Allen
war," and tbinga now promise that this fa
mous controversy will be exposed in all its
detail to the public. It is thought howev
er that In this particular esse John has the
belter of the little Attorney General.
TllRKR ClIILPREN BUBNKD TO DEATH
A fire consumed a large building on Centre
street, New York, on Tuesday night, which
was occupied by many poor families. Many
females and children were rescued by the
Firomen, but three helpless little children
were burned to death, many parts of their
bodies being left a crisp, io as to render
them almost beyond recognition. Their
screams were hoard, but all the efforts to
find them proved unavailing, and tho poor
little creatures suffered a shocking death.
While iu the act of attempting to save a fe
male, one of the gallant firemen named Hen
ry Farley, missed his footing, fell to the
ground, and was severely injured.
Tub U. S. Slooi-'of War St. Mary's,
which arrived at Philadelphia, on Wednes
day, in tho short spare ol 30 days from the
Pacific, sailed from Norfolk in October, 1350,
und during her cruise sailed upwards of
60,000 miles. Her officers and men are in
good health. Shu lost but two men during
her cruise, one from consumption, and the
other a sailor taken from the Fegee Islands.
She is to undergo repa'rs at Philadelphia.
Seven mutineers from an American mer
chant ship were brought home In her.
OCrA gang of horse theive ha been bro
ken up at Mechaniciburg, III., and some, of
them arrested. One of them was seriously
lynched, and under the operation told the
names of two of his confederates. Two of
them, named Johnson and Hatfield, were
subsequently arrested at St. Louis, and on
their persons were found some $600 coun
terfeit notes on the State Bank of Ohio and
OyThe St. Louis News thinks the pres
ent prices of hogs is more than a fair result
ol demand and supply, and owing to undue
excitement. The New York Sun says: As
to the present high prices of food, wo con
fidently expect to see a re-actiou set in, by
ani by, and to hear of some of the specula
tors beingcaught in their own trap.
OT-TliM-teen thousand seven hundred and
twenty feet above the level of the sea, at a
perpendicular elevation of upwards of two
miles and a half, nearly on tiwe snow line of
the A noes, stands tlio topmost city of the
earth, Ceno do Pasco. It is the capitol of
the richest silver district in- 1'eru.
Letter from Louis Nai-oleor. We
I state on theau horitv of Willkt'Hoine Journ
j al that Louis napoleon has written very gra
cious letters to Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte
of this city , inviting him to return toFrance.
The invitation, it is added, will probably be
accepted. Jlait. Sun.
Illnb s or thr Peruvian Minister
His Excellency Sennr J. de Osma, Envoy
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
from Peru, lies seriously ill at the Union
Place Hotel, in New York
03"A letter fronSt.Petersburg,states tint
the Emperor of Ru.sia haa started a Japan
expedition, consisting of the frigate Pallas
and tender screw steamer. I he Ingate has
already aailed. Tho suf posed object is to
watch the American expedition
fc5"The CrescentCity affair is at last set
tled. The Governor General of Cuba takes
Mr. Purser Smith's recent affidavit a satis
factory, and admits him and whatever ves
sel ho serves upon, to the port of Havana
and to quiet obscurity as before.
fcrShall we take a 'bus up Broodway
said a young New Yorker.who was showing
bis country cousin the wonderk- of the city.
"Oh dear no!" said the frigkteaed girl; "I
would not do that In the street!"
OCrA correspondent entered an office and
accused the compositors of not having punc
tuated ins communication. When the type
earnestly replied. 'I'm not pointer, I'm a
Tatesday Evening, Dec. 11, 1839
Aovabtaob or Railroads to Fabmers.
The husbandman has been blessed for the
paat few years with an abundant yield, and
every product of his labor brings the high
est price. This ready demand for the vari
ous product of the soil cannot be attributed
altogether to the rapid Increase or our pop
ulation; but a Very large ahare of this ad
vance in pricea must necessarily be attrib
uted to the numerous Railroada which now so
intimately connectathe Weal with the East,
which enable speculators to send the eggs,
butter, chickens, &c, in the shortest possible
time to a ready market. If this is so now
while there is not a railroad within less than
twenty-eight miles of us, what will it be
when the iron horse is loaded at our doors,
and our merchants no longer labor under the
uncertainties of Canal navigation? There
is no class of community benefitted by rail
roads to such an extent as farmers. We find
the following strong argument in favor ot
such facilities in the Mansfield Herald:
"Railroads, Buller, cj-c. In 1850 butten
was a drug in our market at 8 cents per lb.;
egg pteped at 6 cents, and lard grew stale at
6. But owing to our Increased facilities for
getting to market, butter has gone up to 16c,
eggs to 10, and lard to 10. Our farnftrs have
been accustomed to look upon the trade in
these three articles as little business thu
teamen' dicker; butin this they err. Here
is a clean gain uf 100 per cent on your but
ter, 66 on your eggs, and 66 ou yuur lard.
SuDnose a farmer make 25 pounds of but
ter n week or 1 ,300 pounds year. He sells
at the same time 150 dozen of e?gs; 300 Iba
of lard, and 1,500 cwt. of pork pork haying
gone up from 2 cents in 1850 to about 5 in
The account would then stand
1,300 lbs. butter at 16c
350 doz. eggs at 10c,
300 cwt. lard at 10c,
1,500 cwt. pork at 5c,
Total in 1852,
Same articles in 1350,
Gain, $167 00
Look at this, ye doubting farmers. The
increased value on the. few items above, in
one year, ia sufficient to buy three railroad
shares, and have $17 left to pay the taxes on
the ereatly increased value of your larms,
of which we have not yet spoken .
We will not ask you to contrast the prices
of wheat now and during the past season
with what they were a few year ago, when
it b -ought 37, 40 or 45 cents a bushel.
Of course the value of your farm is in
creased in proportion to the value of their
products. Lands in Huron an Erie coun
ties sell at $50 per acre, while better lands
in Richland sell at $25 or $30. The dif
ference is owing to the former being handier
to market; the cost of transporting produce
being saved, tho productions of thoir funns
bring better prices."
Farmers, ponder well over the abi ve facts,
and then ask yourselves whether you do not
oppose your own interests when you oppose
tho building of these facilities for transporta
tion. Ask yourselves whether you did not op
pose your own interests when you decided by
your votes that the county should not take
stock in these great works of progress.
And then ask yourselves whether the stain1
taken by the Whig party upon this, as well
as upon all other questions of public improve
ments, is not best calculated to call out the
Intent resources of ilie country, and nild to
tho prosperity and happincds of thu whole
ClIANOB IS THE KIODEOF ElIXTINO THE
President. John W. King has written a
pamphlet in the form of a memorial addres
sed tothe Legislature of the several Stat s of
lhe Union, proposing an amendment to the
Constitution of the United Stutes, in regard
to the mode of electing President of the
United States. Tho plan proposed is to
choose the Executive from the members of
the Senate, by lot. The object sought to be
secured is the abolition of the convention
system and its kindred abuses, and to pro
mote the election of an officer w ho shall not
owe his elevation to mere party ambition,
and who shall not, in advance, bo committed
tothe elevation of a.iy clique, or furtherance
of any platform of measures. This subject
8 now exciting much thought throughout
the country, and whether the plan proposed
be a correct one or not, there is, we are as
sured, a wish on the part of many, that a
change of some kind might be accomplished.
The American Tract Society. From a
condensed statement of the affairs of this So
ciety, we learn that about twenty presses
and 2.i0 operatives are employed in the man
ufacturing department, with a daily produce
of about 50,000 publications. The amount
of printed matter in thu periodical form is
equal unnnually to a million volumes of 200
pages each. The grataitous issues of tracts
and books amount to more than $45,000 an
nually, besides appropriations ef $20,000 in
cash, for distribution in more than one hun
dred languages iu foreiga and pagas, land.
The number of colporteurs in this country,
including nearly 100 for the foreign emi
grant population, is between 400 and 500.
Mure than $1,000 are required daily to meet
the earnest demand on tho treasury.
Report or Sinking Fund Commissioners.
This document is entirely too lengthy for
the columns of the Daily. It would fill about
two pages of the' Weekly UozelU, and is a
highly important document. We may from
time to time make extracts from it; bt fur
the present it must go by default.
Steamer Burnt. A despatch from
Orleansstates that the steamer Cleopatra-
was burned to the waters edge, on Monday,
6th inst., while on her way down the Black
River. She had a cargo of 900 bales of cot
ton. The Captaiu's son perished in the
Fire in Baltimore Citv Imsso L'e. -
A despatch from Baltimore Bays the exten
sive Grocery Warehouse of Mossrs. Hays &,
George, has been totally destroyed by fire.
Loss $60,000, fully insured. Three men
were killed by the fallingof the walls.
Indian Lectubes. George C'npway. the
OJibbeway Chief, is lecturing in Pittsburgh,
on the religious belief, poetry and character
istics of the Indians.
Hogs. The Louisville papers say there is
more hogs at the present time in that city
than was ever there at any onetime before.
The Legislature of No'th Carolina
has not yet succeeded lb electing a United
States Senator.. .
In ten reara sixty thousand, houes have
been num in .London.
Cuba It is true that this Island belongs
to Spain; it is true that Polk offered the
Spanish Government a hundred millions of
dollars fur it; it is also true that Spain re
fuses to sell it for any amount. It is true
that the Inhabitants of the Island have no
desire to change the form of their govern
ment nor their rulers. These being indis
putable facts, will the Ttltgraph please to
inform its readers how we are to manage to
get possession of the Island! That's what
we want to know. The last San Antonio
(Texas) Ledger, says that threo hundred
armed, volunteers for Cuba, were quartered
on St. Joseph's Island. It was againBt
such outlaws our article was directed, and
if the editor of the Telegraph wishes to
screen himself from the fire of our battery,
he will first have to come out upon the side
of law and order and acknowledge that he
is not a co-worker with filibusterism.
Upon the foreign policy of Mr. Fillmore's
administration, a Locofoco correspondent ot
the Baltimore Sun says:
"In regard to Cub 1, Mr. Fillmore has un
doubtedly the advantage over tbe filibusters
and all other "busters," who made them
selves prematurely conspicuous by their pa
triotism. Our foreign relations have been
in able hands, and Mr. Fillmore makes a
fair exhibit of them." .
This is the opinion which (air, impartial
men of this day will pronounce, and It is the
verdict which all parties will render in after
The Guano Speculation. It ia stated at
Washington that a combined force of Now
York speculators in Guano, are about to be
siege Congress to make them compensation,
to the amount of upwards of two million of
dollars, for the loss of anticipated profits in
the Guano trade, cut offby the adjustment of
the Lobos Island controversy. This claim
is based on the letter of Mr. Webster, to
Capt. Jewett, asserting the right of the U
uited States to the Islands, by which the
speculators were misled! If Capt. Jewett
and his assistants took the advice of Mr.
Webster as their guide, it was as a lawyer
We agree ' with the Cincinnati Gazette,
that these gentlemen have no nationality,
which opened the way to official diplomatic
correspondence with the Secretary of State
and if the opinion given was erroneous they
must bear the loss as other people do. Their
cluim on the United States is absurd. The
right of Peru to the Lobos Island was per
fect, and our government could not gainsay
it; but perhaps, champaign and hot suppers,
may present it in a different aspect!
OT-The Journal of Commerce argues a
gainst the acquisition of Cuba. It says the
purchase of that Island by the General Gov
ernment, would violate the constitution, and
prostrate all tho doctrines of State Rights.
This we take to be strange language when
it is recollected that President Polk's Ad
ministration offered a hundred millions for
the Island. That paper say:
"Franklin Pierce owes his nomination al-
'most wholly to a letter which we saw at
'Baltimore, that was circulated among a few
'members of the Democratic Convention,
'showing that hu stood where Clay and Web
'ster then stood, and where Van Iluren once
'stood, ond we hope will yet stand, on this
This will be comforting news to the Fili
buster editors of the Eaj't und Telegraph.
The TARiFr. This snbject has already
been brought before Congress and summari
ly disposed of. In the House, Mr. Brooks,
ol New York, the President's Meanage- being
under consideration, moved to amend the
motion to commit the message by adding
thereto the following:
"Except so much of the message a re
lates to lhe subject of tho turiff and the rev
enues from customs, which shall be referred
to a select committee, with power to exam
ine witnesses and collect testimony here
und elsewhere, with instructions to report
as soon as possible some bill reducing the
duties on imports to such amount as may be
required for an economical administration
of the Government."
After considerable debute the amendment
was rejected, yeas 73, nays 93. The Nation
al Intelligencer says: -.
"It is a matter of not less surprise than re
gret to see that tho House of Representa
tives yesterday voted down a proposition,
made by Mr. Brooks, of New York, to ap
point a select committee to revise the Tariff",
with the view of avoiding the collection of a '
large surplus revenue. No proper Tariff"
is likely ever to be framed but by some spe
cial committee giving the subject their sole
and exclusive study, in the collection of
such factj as will enable them to embody
their conclusions, iu a bill. The already
accumulated and accumulating surplus rev
enuo would seem to make some such step
as would propose indispensable."
Blacks and Mulatoes. Mr. Senator
Cushing, from Gallia county, has introduced
into the Senate ofOhioabill "to prevent the
further settlement of blacks and mulato
persons in thw State." This bill pro
That after the 1st of January, 1853, no
black or mulato person shall settle ia this
That a record shall be made of all such
residents in th State before that time.
Children of sui'lr born after that time to be
That all such persons found here after
that lime not recorded, are to be declared
unlawful non-residents, guilty of an offence,
and punished by imprisonment in tho county
jail, from 6 to 12 months.
Non-resident colored persons under the
act are declared incapable of holding real
eatate, and none can be devised to, or held
in trust for them. All such is forfeited to
There are many persons in Ohio, that
much regret the presence of colored persons
in our midst who would rejoice, if those now
here were better provided for elsewhere, and
all others were prohibited from settlement
j in the State;but the
bill of Mr. Cushing,
hold though it be, is not calculated to win
their favor and will meet a most determined
opposition of a very large ortion of the
people of the State. No such bill can very
soon become a law in this State.
Important Bills. Yesterday two impor
tant bills wero introduced into the House.
One to prevent the circulation "bf foreign
Bank bills in Ohio, wlfVre no provision is
made for their redemption in the State, and
tho otlies to render more stringent the pro
ceedings against our own Banks, which do
not pay the taxea that are, or may be im
posed upon them by the Legislature. Fif
teen - thousand Locofoco majority in- Ohio
has but added to the fuel of some men's flame
of wrathgigtinst the Banks. We shall prob
ably see what will becoifle of it..
(ttrOn the 2d inst , 94 steamboats, with
23,890 bale of cotton, arrived at New Or
Oub Union Schools. It is wilh pleasure
we note the growing popularity of our pres
ent School System. A stranger who paid
B visit to the schools hands os the following
for publication, which wa do with pleasure.
It ia only one of the many encomiums they
have received from both travelers and citi.
Editor Gatette: Allow mo, Sir, to occupy
a very brief space in your columns, to con
gratulate the citizens of Lancaster in consid
eration of the wisdom evinced by them ia
tbe adoption of a most excellent School Sys
tem; the liberality shown in the erection of
School Building inferior to none in the
State, and the success which has crowned
their efforts in the selection of Teachers m
inently competent io superintend, govern sod.
Having spent a day in witnessing the mo
dus operandi of the Public School of -your
place, I feel fully prepared to say being, to
a limited extent, conversant with the opera
tions of nearly all the Schools of note in the
State that the Union Schools ot Lancaster,
in points of assiduity and gentleness of Pu
pils, vigilance, devotion and competency
ot Teachers and general decorum through
out, have no superiors and few, if any, equals,
within the circuit of my observation. Tho
Teachers are of the right stomp their sym
pathies and energies being manifestly, whol
ly enlisted in tho noble cause In which they
are engaged. I would gladly enlarge upon
this subject, but my limits will not permit,
I may have occasion to allude to It at oniQ
Having been, in years past, a Teacher, it
is still a great'pleasure to me to visitSchools.
But among all my visits, none has been more
agreeable to me than my visit to the Schools
of Lancaster. Long will it be remembered,
and may your young and thriving city ever
be favored with the continuance of so effi
cient a School System and such faithful,
worthy and competent Teacher.
The Society for the relief of the Destitute,
held its annual meeting in the City Hall on
Tuesday evening, Dec. 14.
The Secy, being absent N. Schleich was
The President stated tho objects of the
association in a few brief and pertinent re
marks, when on motion of Rev. Lowery, a
committee of four was appointed in each
ward, whose duty it shall be to enquire into
cases of destitution in their respective wards,
and also receive the contributions of the
charitable. The chairappointed the follow
ing gentlemen said committee:
1st Ward, Wm. L. Jeffries, John R. Mu
maugh, A. W. Ebright and E. Julien.
2d Ward, Robt. Reed, Isaac Comer, John
D. Martin and Dr. H. Scott.
3d Ward, M. A. Daugherty, Rev. J. M.
Lowrie, W. S. Beatty and Judge Radebaugh.
4th Ward, Rev. Mr. Biser, John C. Wea
ver, John Lyons and C. F. Tatje.
On motion the plan of organization for
this society was amended, so as to substitute
the first Tuesday in Dec, instead of the first
Monday as the time for the annual meeting
of the society. The plan as amended wad
then read as follows:
Risolved, That in view of the sufferings of
some of the poor of our city, an organiza
tion of tho citizens be established as follows:
A Relief Committee to cosist of the May
or of the city, who shall ex-officio be chair
man, and then members, one gentleman and
two ladies, from each ward.chall be charged
with the duty of examining into all cases of
alleged destitution and providing relief wher
ever on examination it is found necessary;
and it shall be the duty of every citizen to
report promptly to some member of this com
mittee every case of destitution thatdbes not
find immediate and adequate relief from pri
Tbe relief committee shall appoint a Treas
urer who shall receive all funds collected
for the relief of the poor, and shall pay them
out by order of any of the gentlemen of the
In every instance of destitution brought
tothe knowledge of the committee, it shall
be the duty of the member having charge of
ittoeall tho. particular attention of one or
more benevolent ladies in the immediate vi
cinity to tho case, and if possible secare their
sympathy and cure to-the person or family
This organization shall be permanent; the
Committee shall be elected annually on the
evening of the first Tuesday of December of
each year, for which purpose the committee
for tho time being, shall give timely notice
to the citizen calling them together at the
City Hall, at the time named to elect B new
On motion the gentlemen who served on tho
permunent relief committees last year were
continued in office. The following Ladies
were then chosen members of these commit
1st Ward, Mrs. Darius Taliasodge, Mr.
2d Ward, Mrs. C. F. Garaghty, Mrs. H.
3rd Ward, Mrs. Wm. M. Kinkead.Mrs. C.
4th Ward, Mrs. Joshua Clarke, Miss Re
Tbb Clerk or the House. Mr. With
row introduced a bill into the House to re
move M. H. Medary, Clerk, because he had
refused "to deliver to the printer a cooy of
the journal, on order of the Secretary r Be
cause he had delivered up the journal of last
winter without order or law, and because of
Mr. Withrow was Apposed "to being dic
tated to by the Clerk, end1 brow-bea-ten. He
wanted to pot a stop to this. He had tried
persuasive means, and that had failed; and
now ho was for cutting off the tail close Bs
hind the ears. It was a burning disgrace to
this House, the way it had managed with its
clerks and other officers. He charged the
tacts as stated in the resolution, and he con
sidered it his duty to press them or have them
explained. This was his Democracy, and
they might read him out of the party if they
pleased. He was an old trunk in the forest,
and had stood many blasts, and never Bent
or quivered. Younger saplings may assert
their rights and powers. He cared not for
them. Such roscslity he would never sub
mit to. It was lime te- pwrify ourselves, or
the Whigs woirid give os such a purification
as we had ne ver received before."
Mr. Le Blond defended the Clerk, and
moved an indefinite postponement of the re
solution, which was agreed to ayes 44t
nay 36. j
Struck. The Barbers of this city had" a
meeting on Inst Friday night, and agreed on
ten cents for shaving, and fifteen for hair
dressing, ofter January first. Whigs gener
ally, and disapointed Locofoco expectants,
had rallu-r long faces to scrape for a half
07-A treaty guefenteeing the independ
ence of Greece, under a prince of the Greek
faith, has been signed in London by tho ,
Ministers of England, France, Prussia and
Three Men Killed. A five story brick
building in New York, ready for tbe roof,
fell on Tuesday, killing three of the work
men, and seriously injuring three others..
'Tbe walls were so slightly built that they
could not sustain the weight of the rafters!
United Sxbtes Troops ib Texas. There
are, at the present time, about 9,000 U. S.,
troops stationed on the borders of Texas.
They generally enjoy good- health, and. Bret
quite successful in repressing Indian out-,