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NEW SERIES VOL 7. .NO. 30.
LANCASTER, OHIO, TmiRSDAY MORNING, . JANUARY 13, 1853;
WHOLE NO, hJ;2(J
.'J 'TOBLISHED EVERT THUBSDAT MORSlKd.
GEORGE WEAVER. EPITDB"ND PROPRIETOR
' John U. Wyigfct, Printer. . -
TtVftOETillmuig Buildingi thlri
" " MlnSiret South Sid."
t'. - - . -
' . Tb,m-t- h7 per annum in advance. .
. i nillWl .. 1- - --'
Thnndar Evsninpr, Janf. 6, 1859
; The um inTcsted Ui .Agriculturnl Impe-J
;'.ment,I in New York22,0?4,0Jej Penn
. ylania, , $1422,541, .....Louisiana,' U,
' ' 676,938, (perhapi to a grat extent in ma--"-chinery
for criwhinj augar cane;) Ohio
V'5l2.'50A85j Kentucky $59(Q37; Virgin
' ia,7,02 1,772..- vy '-i . . -I -
According to the Census of 1850, there
'were in the United States, 4,335,358 horses,
""550,229 asses and mules, 28,300,141, horned
" .'xattle, (including 6,392,044 milch cowa and
19941 working oxen,) 21,721,814 sheep,
;c30,S19,608 swine. ,;; ' ' ! : '
. ' The amount of butter and cheese., export
" ed from the United States, in 1850--5I, was,
'butter 3,994,542 lbs cheese 10,361,439 lbs;
.cash value of both articles, 31,124,652.
There was between the yeara 1840 an I
' 185oran Jncr'eMe of 2,309,108 in the nura-
W of sheep in the United States.- In. New
JEngland tner has occurred a remarkable
decrease in tbeir Bomber. There were in
vthat division of the Union in -1840,' 3,81 1,i
M 30T; in 1850, the number had declined to2,
. '., 864,452, fceing a decrease of l,4C6,855, or
45 per cct. lathe fire Atlantic Middle
States, there was a decrease of about 22$
per cent.' In Pennsylvania alune, however,
there waa a gain of 155,000 sheep. Whil
there has been a positive diminution of 3,
; 408,000, in the States above named, there
has been an augmentation, of 5,717,508, in
.those south of Muryland and West of, New
"Jfork. Ohio has gained most largely, bav
ing aii increse, between the years 1840
" jand 1850,of 1,81428, or noarly 100 per
ent. New Mexico h8 the extraordinary
;um.uarrojref sheep lo cwh inhabitant.
-IThe iMportatlaas of wool, in 1849, and
- 1850, exhibit a remarkable increase over the
preceding or any formeff rear, amounting in
uanUty .to.'aj2,5it3,603 Jb, nd to the value
f $-8,U6,0t)t. -
;'' According to the Cctisf S840 the wheat
"crypoftlie (Unitet State amauatad to 84,--328,272
.'buhels,rm 1819, coor5j to the
. Cenius of 1850, 100,503,890.
: Accorditig tuibo Census e'f ISlStWi pro
duct of rye in the" country was 18,0567
ios'hels-. in' 1850, 14,188,07. v.
.The corn crop under the census of 180
: was3J3,SJ1.875 bwtboJi; 1850, 530,612
bushels. , . ', . ' ; . - i
J My the census returns 0 S840 the total
product of oat in the United Stateo, was
133,071,341 lasiji; f 08, 148,078,879
biueheU. - ' ; ' . '
'According to the census of 1840, the rice
,orojp of the United States amounted to 80,
841,422 pouads; in 1850, 215,312,710 lbs.
7 The average yielfl vtcntxoa lot five years,
terminating in 1850, was 2,270;osl bales.
The annual yield of buckwheat, was 8,-
, 856,916. ' - - ' -'
-i According to the censua of 1840, tfce an-
. nual amount of barley raised In the Uaited
States was 4,161,504 bushels; in 1350, 167,-
. Accordiagte the cusasof 1840, the quan
tity of potatoes of all sorts ralsedinihe Ui
-8. 8 10898,060; of 1850, 104,055,9'39
bushels of which 32,259,196 bushels were
The Census returns of 1840, shows that
, there were raised fa the country 95,251 j tons
of flax and hemp, of 1850, 35,093 .'of hemp
and ?,7l56l pounda of flax.
, The amount of ailk cocoons rased in the
United States according to the Census of
1840 was 51,552 pounds; of 1850, 14,763
' According to the census of 1840, the am't
of cane and tnaple sugar was 165,100,800
lbs, of which 1 19,947,720 were raised in La
' By the census of 1850, the cane sugar made
theU. S. was 247,55 1,000 lbs besides 13,
700,666 galls, of molasses; maple sugar 34,
249,886 lbs amounting to 281,830,886 lbs;
showing an increase of 126,730,077 lbs. '. '
- This comprises all .the more important
facts set forth in the report of the Superin
tendent. ' ";' "
Wheeliho, Jan. 1. Lewis JI. Cole, Esq,
the we.l known and efficient Snnerintendent
of "transportation of the Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad, arrived here last night In
eharira of the first train with the United
States mail from Baltimore. This train left
Baltimore at 7 o'clock, on Friday morning
and arrived here at 15 minutes past 10 o':
. clock, making the entire passago, Including
stoppages, in 15 hours and 15 minutes thus
Verily ing the prediction of President Swan,
made at the Fairmount opening, that, by the
1st of January. 1853, the traveler would be
' able to eat his breakfast in Baltimore and
take an early supper at Wheeling.
, And yet our Baltimore papers, which sho'd
reach us in about 48 hours, are Tour days on
the road.- - It is about time that the misera'
ble river arrangement should be done away
With. Under1 the. old 'contracts, We used to
get the Baltimore papers in three days. . ,
FoRE-GNEWa.Tbe Pacific arrived on
the lsU The newsirought by this Wival
la of- no interest. -. France is juiet,i and Mm
English Ministry ia not yeV disbanded. The
marketa Will be" found under oui" commer
cjal head. , Pricea of wheat and Flour are a
had -lower.; ,-..vw- .---::h .. si '.-
ri A Pjitiikj Suomo-BooK.-p-The "Carmlna
Rrm." ttnbliihad bv Rice & Kendall, Boe-
ton. iiaa had a most astonishing run. Over
ann.nnn Mnim ha baen sold! The "Car
mina Sacra"- , was first published some 9
vaara since: so its averaee annual sale bas
been about 34,000 copies! . A clear profit of
35 cents it made on each, copy of the "Uarr
-nina Saorar" thia givea us, on 300,000 eo
jpitf, a profit of $106,000!
A. Buld Ganu.Ou yesterday afternoon,
Mr. Isaac Cisypool, of Greenfield township,
hitched his mare in the yard In rear of the
store-room of Messrs: Reber & Kutz, while
ba attended to bis business in the city, and
upon returning be found the animal missing.
After making diligent enquiry, he thinks
she was stolen. She was a dark bay. six
years old with a star in her forchad and her
left hind foot white.i She bad on a common
snaffle bridln and a black Spanish saddle.
If she was stolen, i' is certainly the boldest
operation ever performed in this region.
Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun J ;.
WiSHiaGToii.Jon. 3, 1853. It has been
reported in New York that Mr.Everett and
Mr. Crampton have actually, agreed upon
the terms of a treaty embracing the subjects
of the fisheries and commercial reciprocity,
and perhaps some other subjects. But this
isorobablv nrcuialure. v Mr. Everettho&un-
doubtedly submitted a project, and It was,
last weeK, said 10 oe unuer oihcuhbiuh, wun
some prospect of a favorable conclusion.'
Now that the Cabinet question in qisposea
of, the foreign missions are to be given out.
Mr. Buchanan has been designated for the
London mission. A Southern man is to be
sent to Paris, and ditto to Madrid., A North
western man is to goto Russia. " .'
Congress cannot and will not show them
selves to their constituents, without having
made some provision for a better communi
cation with California.' They must do some
thing to remove the Tehuantepec hlockade,
and thev must take effective measures for a
joad, through our own erritory to the Pa-
cine. . .
The present administration hnve done all
that -was required of them un lUa subject.
They have" recogn- -d the rights of Ameti
can.citizcns in the Tehuantepec trans t, un
der the Gnray grant, and they have claimed
the right to the use of that transit under na
tional law; and having exhausted negotia
tion; they havereforred the whole subject to
Congrens.. Upon the subject of n ruilroad
through our own territory to the Pacific,
they have recommended it both at this and
the late session. It is rumored that the
President will also send a special message
to Congress,urging the importance of action,
st the present session, on the subject.' It
remains for Congress to adopt such measures
as will en iblo the next administration tu
take a proper course in regard to Mexico,
and also to contract fur the commencement
of the- Atlantic and Pacific railroad on the
4th of July next, or before, and its -completion
in five years thereafter. ,
We are expecting a large concourse of
visiters. , By the middle of Junuary the city
will present a lively aspect. ... Ion.
, OrERATiows or U. S. Miht, 1852. The
treasurer of the Mint has furnUhed the Phil
adelphia papers with the operations of that
institution lor the month of December, and
for the year past. The gold by the last
California steamer, though in New York on
the niornins of the 31st, did not reach the
Mint. Had she arrived one. day earlier,
the deposits for the month would have been
ab nit six i.tillioiis', and for the year, nearly
$ 14.000,000. As it H, tin ugh.' the depos
its of u-old nt the Mint for the year are
lnome three mil'tons in - excess uf the de-
The Local Concert.-The concerto! Mr,
Schneider, last evening; at the Court House,
Friday Evening, Jaujr 152
1... .t- I . .1 Ufa IVAILiiliO.
w-- .ae oy a. largesv .,,.ence we , re)lenl ,d influenti.l Jrnal, th
Dliv vril lugcuivr in mia n nay HIU
' , : , :.. . ,. . , , '' ,
. ., . - -i 1 a - - - ' .ijh- .Jmratcttr
Urt ii CALiroRsu. The fulhnrin;-, ( Correpoud, nee crthc T.jn,-s-tef ti aellv.) f Correspondcnre of the Baltimor Run.l
rbieh w clip from the Marysville (Califor-1 . C..Lim.rs, Junr., J, 1553. ' ' U"$hii-oto, Jaousry S.Everythinf U
ia) Herald, will be perused with some' la-j - Enroa or rut Cazkttc: Vu iu Hki day n " 1u,et ,n. P ht'c wsiting for th
iv. (.. r w ! i,t ni . 1 , au;i. r :T. i prm ri 01 cryKoiiiiiiiop . 11 cinnot oe as-
sical entertainment. The Qurt House was
litterally crowded, and the concert gave
general satisfaction, which waa manifested
by frequent and long continued applause.
The programme was an excellent one. . We
think the Philharmonic Society did better
than at any of their previous concerts and
this ia saying a good deal. The Glee Club
elicited a great deal of applause, it being
their first appearance, and gave promise of a
"better time coming" at the next concert.
The interest of the performances was also
increased by the music of the Lnncaster
Band, ah entortainiwMit not promised in the
bills of thd day.' We speak ofthorfectof
the music; ' the render will excuse' us
from - entering into ' detuilsr as we 'might
accidentally give? a "comico-musico" enter-'
tainment which would sound hugely ludic
rous to amateur musicians, i ' ''; i!! ' ,:
We were pleased to see the concert so
liberally patronized. The music was vastly
superior to nine-tenths of that floating thro'
the country, and we are triad to see a dispo
sition exhibited to apprtcinfe and prefer that
which ia of a home growth. " It makes us
feel that the "good time coming" is not afar
off. The second concert of this aeries will
be given in the course of three or four
weeks with a change of programme. We
understand that it will be varied with sever
al of the popular pieces of the day,; which
will doubtless tend to increase the attrac
tion and add interest to the entertainment.
Of the time and place due notice will be
given. ; ''- ' ' '
New York Citt. The following orb in-
Philadelphia North American, uc the fol
lowing language i reference to our Jtuil
road: "The. Marietta and Cincinnati Tail
way is not a local road but a principal link
in a great chain of improvement unitingthe
Eat with the entire region embraced in tin
Ohio and Mississippi valleys. ' Hence it i
apparent how extensive ire its business re
sources, and how roue b greater must neces
sarily be its receipt .than tbone of a thor
oughfare of limited length and connections.
It will form the moat direct lino from Cin
cinnati, through central and northern Ohio,
to either Baltimore or Philadelphia; and as
the tendencies of trader re on the Ohio val
ley rather than from it, a is obvious that
large and ever increasing amount of traffic;
will adopt thjs central channel ol intercourse
between the West, and the Atlantic ea-,
board. '; In competition with the Ohio riven
as a com.nerciaf avenue, ii, will have the vast
advantage of at least one hundred and sev
enteen miles less distance between Cincin
nati and Marietta, besides the yet more con
siderable superiority of five, limes quicker
speed of transit. .. It is computed upon reli
able data, that the railway passengers from
Cincinnati will be carried through lo the
Baltimore and Philadelphia connections of
the road in five hours; whereas, the travel
by steamboat on the river with the most
powerful vessels and the best stage of water,
will require, at the least, twenty-four hours.
So great a difference in the point of distance
and speed, will cive a proportionate advan
tage in respect of cheaper rates of convey
ance; with all these several influences com
bined iu favor f the Marietta road, none
can doubt that it will appropriate a very
large part of the transportation now accom
plished by a comparatively slow and often
obstructed navigation between Wheeling
and the Queen City." Scio. Gat. ..... e
We cannot possibly do anything else than
laugh at the ignorance of our Phi ladelphio
contemporary of the geography of Ohio, nor
the Ueraid will ba fully verified. ... t
"Iav WaU-Ji-lIokue. There U comical
mixture of lb serkm and the ludicrous in
California progressiveness. Here no one
carts for appearances. While a'Cali-
furnian ia poor and tha most of the face
areafilicted with poverty at the outset,
he nfttkc-no attempt to hide it. He starts
hi business, whatever it may be, in a' style
commeusoratewilh his capital. If ba has
a taste and talent for bou l keeping, be
bonded cabin, and lrut. t PrcviH-,,,. !'UJr tk men who had. .oppress,! ,t
teres1.n5staus1.es o. rtew . iu P- CBn nnv one fail to admire thn hnI,ln nf
year: Tho total imports at New Yor
the year just ended are $129,8j,kiu, a
gainst $131,361)78 for tho previous year,
showing a decline of $1,511,959. The de
cline, us compared with 1850, is $5,857,323.
This, however, is inclusive of specie, which
during the first te.i . months of 1850, em
braced large amounts of California gold,
which arrived from Chagres, ond was enter
ed as from a foreign port. ' Since November,
1850, this item has not been entered among
he imports, and thero is therefore an appar
ent falling ofl in the receipts of specie.
The total receipts of foreign dry goods at
the port of New York, amount to $61,654,
144,agaiust 62,84G,734 for 1851, showing
a decrease for the whole year of $1,192,587.
The following is the vulue of some of the
imports: Cigars, 1,917,1 18; cofTee,5,24!l,640;
hardware and cutlerv, 2,711,236; hided, 3,
005 80J; lead, .243jt60; liquor, 1,923,920;
mnla.s's, 955,880; wines, 1,645,356; R. R.
Iron, 3 580,838; steel, 1,083,554; ciijiar, 8,-
2 i,' 91; te a, ti, 398,104;' tohucru, 7t'3,387;
tin, 3,046.320; thes,2 183.047. '
. The cash receipts at th1! Cus'om lim e
aimuiiiu -10 31,332,737, against-. 31,081,203
ln-'t ye. r .
The Annual Report of the ton governors
p.isiw there in 185 1, ' the deposits st all or the Alms House shows that (luring the
tlieminUofthnUuitedStiit.es are some six j past year relief was afforded to 80,357 poor
or seven millions - les.-. The coiii.ire of persons. : Of ibis "umber 15,8li9 were re
fold at the parent mint is also lean thun in I lieved ut the department in the Park, and
mil RvmnnWurtliA ivB over the ta b le. the residue (y 4,483 ) were urov uled svith ne-
it will be fej that the number of double ea
gJe coined exceed ven the number of gold
dollars; the oumber of each, however, ex
ceeding -o millions. The silver coinage
for the year is very inconsiderable in a
mount, though very lurge in the number of
lliree cent pieces. The number coined in De
cember waa 3,553,900 pieces, each piece re-
aoiriner the same amount ot labor as the
coinage of the gold dollar. Singulur as it
may aeem, 5,162,074 of copper cents were
coined. Where can they all go In the
present yeM, 1853, the coinage of three
cent pieces will probably exceed thirty mil
lions if nieces. The'sold deposits for De-
.ember were $3,330,000, and the gold coin
age $5,770,705. The silver deposits lor
the saraemonth were only $19,500:
YEARLY COLD DEPOSITS. '
. . 1851. - 1852.
Increase, 1852 i - - $3,i 19,890
TOTAL COINAGE FOR 1852. OoU.
2.053.026 Double Eairles, $41,060,520 00
263 106 Eagles, ,- - .2,631,060 00
. 673,901 HalfEagles, - , 2,869,505 00
1,159,381 ftuarter Eagles, ; 2,899,202 50
2,045,351 Gold. Dollars, 2,045,351 00
ins owo genius lor lue rest, ia a year or
two the tent or cabin ia displaced by a three
storied bricK palace, IU interior crammed
with magnificence and luxury, and the Land
lord, who. a few brief months before, was
selling "Old Bourbon" with a stuinn for a
counter, now flourishes as magnate.
"A train of such thoughts as these pop
ped into our cranium, a few mornings since,
on unexpectedly meeting with one of these
extempore structures on the levee.'occupy
ing a site on which we would have sworn
no building had stood the day before. Like
the fabled palace of Aladin.it had burst in
to existence In a single night. ' ' '
" "At sat ol -ui, th p X w bar-,
. At n om'H 1 gh , pil:c t'neiaT" '
"Theree Watch-ifoime, for that is the
name on the si'n, painted in extravagantly
bis, black letters by no less an artist than
our young friend, Master William Fall,
unlike tho aforesaid palace, w
mistaken for a work of enchantment
tire, and nn doubt deeply meditated,
i of Mr. Caih'Min on llio subject,- and
an uiiDretendine structure ot posts and clan-!
boards, and evidently owes its existence to
no higher a?enry man numan nana, me I
attendance uo.m ik ........... ..f .i.- I tiowevor, thattlivr are dineront opin-
ltore bs4 enVcinaJly rxtswej that ujv iun entertained by th representative of
from all tieiptatt,uiRsa. BaC.re Christ". ,,,e Mrfi wctions of the democratie par
maa propiMiiion ss made to adionra over", ty'iu regard to the princplea which ought
until after N-w Years, b.uih economically ? K"v"n appointment of th
disposed loewfocos who would make (. sat b P'e"10l 1 Ther r thoa who b-
prolituiiuof the peoplr' time aniLmoiier "'"""t Cabinet csn only b nit when
wer for once determined to make out a pr. , ,t. "present one and the same -ri-o,and
cedent, the example of hich- should tor all u,"l no olher composition can do mor than
future lime be a rror to li.-isl.iive -' "'-'''', compound fraction.- Ther I
grants. The movement van tb.wfore - !- f events as unsparing nd rigortu
n..r.,l .,.nnruu...l !..,,. r.. ii.. ! that applied lo abslrurt wonositions. 1
r.w,...7 ..... ..u-.
were r u" iiivrrrsiinif uuuatwuiB
....(nrt.LI. in ! -una was lugffea in. a.il carrtea om Will
or a hundred mile. , Osterwiblv the re3, 'ir'lL Mr. VenabU- gave
I... l.. i.. .11 . ;wrair
m. ,.ia,u m ... . ... an ,,i hue
n,-lirktl il Aflwillrna.J ran 1 1. .! in iVIeUSi
Ti. nl.. ..-, nri, i.,.li .ii i l , ' snpportcd them very ably, biinsolf, to witr
thrirold quarters, but the .Irainbat CUI1. ''77-i must wail till the rruit is npe, and
piracy eae tnw on trial here so much en- , , . "j T , . ,,' , - "
,'Houbt the view of th wr-ater portion of the
Sutitberu ItigliU me, as it i doubtless the
best policy to be adopted by tbe whole coun
try. Whenever. thn South ceases to be",
eonservative.lt will be untrue to its cw.'
mission and lose sight of its own interests.
- Gen. Jones of Iowa, who to-day was in
bis seat in that body, looking remarkably'
well, will, I learn, call up the homestead
bill, with a view of making it the special or
der for sn early day in the session.' He is.
I believe, prepared speak on it, and (6v.
Bell of Tennessee, will probably .allow
him, on the same side. Let the subject be
thoroughly discussed and understood, and
there will be no difficulty 'in parsing the
bill. . , , , . -
Whatever has to be don this sosrion
must be done soon; as half thp session will
iraires tbe attention of the lamvera that it is ' r'Mr to drop intoour up.
almost impmsible to preserve a quorum.
1 esterday, in the Senate, bill similar to
the Main liquor law waa laid upon the ta
ble. The cui.iatittee of tbe w hole consider
ed the bill concerning divorce and alimony,
but has as yet come to no conclusion. Much
time hua been consumed in discussing an
amendment submitted to this bill by Mr.
Wilson, which authorizes the grantlngof di
vorces in esses ot confirmed and protracted
insanity. The question has not yet been
taken on this amen-lmeiit, but il is thought
that it cannot prevail. A resolution to ad
it i ijourn tine ii on Hi first Mondav in Frbr.ia-
never be . $ j b ..-our Senst or, 'Mr. Smith,
biiu miu j ii Hit; uuit. nuiivui m uiuiHiiitjf
Y eater-day, Mr. Taylor iutrotiiirpj a Lill
I . , . .. -a ..' I-.. .. t.
architect, in his plan, left out both floor and I li .m MT..h r,h I be through before Congress is half under
, - - i i ,. , . r , . . v
our Chilllcothe contemporary in re-publish
ingthe article from the North American.
The idea that the C & M. Railroad "will
form the most direct line from Cincinnuti,
through Central and NorViern Ohio, to either
Baltimore or Philndelphin,"- is so palpably
absurd that any one, at all acquainted with
the comparative distances oT the C. &. M
snd C. W. (Si Z. Railroads would detect it;
while the idea of running from Cin
cinnati to Wheeling, by the former route,
in five hours, supposes that a rate of speed
has been obtained equal to fifty miles per
hour. It may be possible thnt our Philadel
phia contemporary ha-mislnken the name
of the enterprise -f which hawas writing, for
he has most assuredly come much nearer
describing the route through this city than
that through Chillicotlic which is a HouUttrn
ceiling. The rooms are partitioned by mus
lin curtains, and tbe grand design seems to
be to have tbe greatest amount of business
done in the smallest possible space. It
measures some 23 by 16 fpeton the ground, ;
and 'reioices In an altitude something less i
than that ascribed to the Irish Giant. Yet, I
Mr. Rice, a bill supp.emcntary to an act, - JIU,E Law Br IIoRSE PoWER.A story
to provide for the creation and regn.at.ori of j;a r ukk , d Ju Beigjboring
mcorpi rated compani. s.in the State of Ohio, , twn (of ji,,..,.,,) hy iome extreme-
altitude something less i . . T:'ir. .1 - r 1 ,;lv thirsty individuals, for securing drink.
nt. Yet, r .--... '""""iTIie object of the trick was to get aomo
is an Incipient hotel. There is a bar ''( Vh " " T"r out of li1 t"'"'t:
p snd eat I , n ,i . " nigniy bucccssiui. 1 aey procurcu -an 010
' , .,, ;h--rse and "stood him ' in a barn. One of
t k i j i'he number wntto the town agent a prem-
1 . . ' ""i'r" ises, and, he being absent, "a pint of gin for
11. V-illlUIV II J i um IUIU"II " ' - I
6,094,765 pieces $51,505,633 CO
. . , - Silver.
'1,100 Dollarsv - - - $1,100 00
77,130 Half Dollars, - : .. 38,565 00
. 177,060 Quarter Dollars - 44,265 00
1,535,500 Dimes, '' 153,650 00
1,000,600 Half Dimes, - - - 50,025 00
18,663,500 Three Cent Pieces 1 69,805 00
32,711,649 pieces. , . $52,404,509 94
' COMPARATIVE COINAGE IK 1851 AND 1852. .
. 446,797 00
",!' $52,689,878 43 $52,404,569 44
v.or.ii,im -Shinninsr staves and
hoop poles from Virginia to New England
to be made into floor barrels.whlch aro then
taken back and sold to Virginia millers.
' -Ohio, too; is infected in aome degree wun
this soeeiea of Viririnianlsm. a well as the
west generally;" When will our people
learn that.it la the true policy to manufac
ture at homethat we should not depend
upon others to work up our raw material !
" It is for th Interest and prosperity of a
town to do- fts own manufacturing) rather
than send to k neighboring toWn for the
same, just so for the interest of a State as
regards neighboring State; and just eo for
tbe Interest of the West as regards th East;
and just so it it for th interest of our- na
tion to do its own manufacturing, in prefer
ence to; patronizing, manufacturer across
the ocea.ru-jrnlon Register,--' .
cessuries in the various institutions in which
thev w ere confined.
. In the sevtral courts of the city during
1852, there were 2ub men and 21 women
sentenced to the State prison; 893 men nnd
131 women sentenced to the penitentiary;
231 men and 50 women to the city prison,
and 100 boys and 4 girls to the House of
Refuge. There are now on Blackwell's Is
land 1,041 prisoners.
Three hundred and forty-five hrcshave oc
curred in the city, and one hundred and nine
ty-three false alarms have been made. 1 be
total amount of damage by tire to buildings
is $221,428; loss of stock $1,359,603. There
have been thirteen lives lost by fire, which
is a great increnso over last year.
During the past year there were sold , in
the New York market, 105,225 beeves, 5,688
cows and calves, and 323,000 sheep and
lambs, beinir an increase over the previous
year, of 16,231 beeves, 282 cows and calves,
and 68,900 sheep and lamus.
The total exports amount to $71,523,609,
of which $25,096,255 was specie, and $40,
427;354 merchandize. The exports of mer
chandize show an increase of 2,517,714 over
last year, while the decrease in the exports
of specie amount to 18,646,954. The ship
ments of flour have increased about 100,000
barrels, while tho exports of wheat have
been doubled. 'The shipments of corn have
continued to decline for the Inst threeyears.
Tbe ex ports of domestic cotton goods have
increased 14,000 packages. ,
fJ-Thirty negroes, recently emancipated
by Hon. W. E. Kennedy, of Morcy county,
Tennessee, started from Nashville on Mon
day last for Liberia, via New Orleans.: The
Nashville Gazette says:
It is the intention of Judge Kennedy to
mnnumit more than forty slaves next year,
who will follow those now en route for the
coast of Africa. His object in adopting this
course Is, that the first company may make
preparations for the second in Liberia. It is
an important fact that several of his negroes
refused to be manumitted, end prefer to live
with him during his life. Those about to
emitfrote seem to be In high spirits at the
idea of enjoying perfect freedom, although
their bondage has been a light one under
their humane master. - ' '
Champaione. The average quontity of
ehampaigno annually produced is said to ex
ceed fifty millions of bottles, a quantity,
however, quite insufficient to meet the pub
lic demand, as the great number of estab
lishments for the production of spirituous
champaigneites. It is stated on good au
thority, that in one establishment atono up
wards of 600,000 bottles ot so-called cnam-
paignei made principally from the stock of
rhubarb, are annually sold.
I.. C. Tdiyraph On Monday last, the
Stockholders of the Lancaster and Coiuin
bm Tflegr, ph Company, re-elect d the
Directors of last year-Messrs. M. A. Dough
erty, G. (1. Beck, J. Radclinuiih, John C.
Weaver and P. it. -Ewui'?; List evening
the Directors met and re-elected G. G. Beck,
President, und J. C. Weaver, Secretary and
Treasurer, tho two offices-Icing consolidat
ed. It will be remembered that a dividend
of ten per cept is declared. Tbe affairs of
the company, under the nhle management of
the present Board of Directors, are in a bet
ter condition than at any time previous.
Silver. The present scarcity of silver is
supposed to be owing to shipments ot large
amounts of five franc pieces to the East In
dies. Tho London News says: "It
may be as well to mention that the move
ment is perfectly in due course of trade, and
is chielly caused by the demand for coin
for circulation in our vast India posses
sions, on the arrival in which the metal is
duly melted down and coined into rupees
for the East India Company."
Steam Fire Engine. A second triul of
this invention hns lately been had in Cin
cinnati, and it is said with eminent success.
Among other advantages, it can throw a sol
id stream of water to the distance of 224 feet,
and a vast body of stenm can be passed off
which is of great utility in confined rooms (
where water would cause much damage. It
is certainly, if the accounts of the trial are
Correct, a valuable invention.
room, a kitchen, and places to sleep
in. It has its boarders and its lodgers; ond
its proprietor.,mighty fine, gentlemanly per
sons, are makingmoney, as the phrase is,
"handover fist. I hey are Samuel 31c? lei,
late of Lancaster, (il.io, and Thomas Al
bert, fr'jm somewhere In Illinois. ' In a year
or two thev will probably be numbered a-
niougst the moneyed aristocracy and dwell
in marble halls."
Turning the Table Expebimknt. This
is all tho rage now. It was tried success
fully the other evening iu West Cheater.
The editor of the Watch Toirrr, at Doyles
town, however gives the best story we have
yet seen. Hear him:
"Four of us sat down round a small cherry
table, abi.ut two and a half feet square,
one on each ride, ami placed our hands upon
it lightly, palm down, alternately top and
bottom, your right hand on your left. We
set in this posture for twenty minutes, laugh
ingJind lalli.iiim those in the room, when
we felt the table to be gradually moving
round. We then got up - from our chairs
to bo at liberty to follow it: soon the speed
increased, and then was seen the laughable
exhibition of a table whirling round the room
and four gentlemen running after it. We
kept our handson it as before, and in the
course of three or four revolutions, tho velo
city had become so great as to create dizzi-
rcss iu the head. '
When it commenced moving we exerted
our force to stop il, but found it would go on
in spite of us, and when we bad been whirled
to our satisfaction, we jumped upon it and
stopped it. v
Shortly afterwards we tried the experi
ment again, with the same persons, and the
table cut tho same caper in sixteen min
On Monday, the House passed the bill to
amend the act creating the office of County j tg(j
a sick horse" was procured of his wife.
This amount was soon exhausted, and the
horse grew worse sgainindaquart was wan-
hen this waa gone alter, the agent
Surveyor ana the mil ux.ng me i'" "' ; had returned. He dealt out the quirt, and
holding the court of common pleas m the . ., , . jm;;cto,i tu v.,.,.
4th and 6th districts. A great part of yes- ( individu,s Mw ,lim coininfff famed ofhia
ier"j w oi. jfttii k ... ,.:; m wvi..... w
authorize tho Board of Public Works to con
struct a culvert up in Auglaize county, but
the House was not able to agree upon il and
approach, and fell to rubbing the poor borser
most powerfully. Finally, ilwas decided
to take the. liquor to an apothecary, to have
...inn Ar.trrm mat lnlt!( mm it lifit nn, A HT a ntlipl
it was crowded out at last by a 'privileged r (pood Uita? fur, and the individual conveying
question. ' the treasure made his way to another barn,
Tnc Martha Washington conspiracy case i ,ownich.ORO rter another, followed him,
goes on with unabated interest. The pr.n- (,he8eDt at least being left nearly alone.
cipal witnesses for the prosecution have Afterthal gentleman had been led through
been examined and are said lo have estab- varioU!! a(jvi.ntures,the consciousness dawn
lished some circumstances that stand sorely 1 eJ hjm lliat be M becn humbugged,
in need of explanat.on. "t esterday was a j Bnj he ma(le hij) way home. The bors re
great day. Mr. Stanbery projosed to prove rovcrei and the do(.tor(, al) the head-acha
the whole complication by the revelation. ; the nt,x, in.Spritqi R7uUicaru
both oral and written, of Mr. Filley (one of . , L . .
the conspirators sin.-.e deceased) to his Fath-1 . Dodge.' When Deacon B got
tr. The (admissibility of this evidence gave Jlnto a bad position, he was very expert at
rise to a long debate, which continued thro' . crawling out of it. Thongh quick temper,
the whole of yesterday between Messrs. jd he was one of the best of deacons in the
Ware and Stanberv for and Jlessrs. Pendle- : world. He wouldn't in a sober moment,
ton, Moreheadand Swayne against it. Mr. gutter an oath, or anything like one, for hia
Stanbery is universally applauded for the
coolness and ability with which he manages
the case and attracts vast crowds to near
The city is filling with delegates lo the
respective Conventions, Temperance, Loco
focoand Free Soil, which meet here within
a fewdaysland the wires are growing hot
with the incessant pulling of the expectants.
Manypenny is thought to b tho present fa
vorite. ' EacoTHUE.
.' A Scrupulous Politician. It is stated
that Senator Hunter, of Virginia, refuses to
become Goneral Pierce's Secretary of the
Treasury, on account of the puin it would
cause him to discharge so mmy office-hold
ers, as he would be compelled to do. If this
is the case, he was never cutout, for a po.i-
tician- , - . i .-. :
Emile- Klacprecht. This gentleman,
who was convicted of shooting Dr. Albers
of Cincinnati, with the intent to wound, and
Kntrnr.pd to one vcar's imprisonment in the
Penitentiary, has been pardoned by the Gov
ernor. . .. ' '
Improvements in .Washington. During
th past year there were erected in th city
of Washington 632 dwellings, 19 shops and
3 public buildings. Of the dwelling 66
wnr in the 1st ward: 114 in the 2d; 93 in the
6th, and 123 inthe7th.' The number built
in 1851 was 453 dwellings, 28 shops and 44
mihlic buUdinirs. 1 There were also laldj du
ring : th past year, 16,234 running feet of
brick pavement. Th population of the city
is now estimated at 49,349. - '
Or.n Isaac, a buck known to the hunter
in the AlleirhenV mountain about Somer
set county, P., for ixteeti year, Waa kill
nil lmnl waak. He had nine bullets in addi
tion to th on that killed him.- His weight
was 242 pounds.
New York. By the Governor's message,
we learn that the expenses of the Stole of
New York, for the last fiscal.year, exceed
the revenues by $200,000. . . :. ,
OrThe Mansfield Herald says'that it is
remarkable that more hay is brought in o
that town on a rainy day than on u dry one.
MansfIeld. Last week, the Herald re
cords a fheft, a free fight, and general row
growing out of a spirittd discussion. .
"An Infernal Machine!" The follow
ing true story is a new verification of the old
adage, that "truth is stranger than fiction."
A few weeks ago, Gen. Pierce received a
suspicious looking box, per Cheney's Ex
press, from the West. Supposing from his
exalted position that some wicked Whig, or
fanatical ubulilionist" might be plotting
his destruction, he very naturally regarded
this as an ivernal machine, intended to land
him in glory before his time. Not feeling
any great partiality for such an apotheosis,
he, ordered this new Pandora's box to be
stowed awsy in the barp,"unsight unseen,"
and strictly forbade any one to go near it.
Thus itjremained eome'dsys, until one Sun
day, when nobody was at home save Mr.
W., the General's boarding master, who be-
n" cxorciseJ thereto by a courageons and
audable curiosity, determined to solve the
'infernal invstery." Accordingly, seizing
a long-handled axe and placing himself at a
rational distance he hurled the iron weapon
with full fury into the box. After waiting
in breathless expectation for the "machine"
to explode, Mr. W. approached it, and dis
covered (Jiorribiledictam.')lwo braceg of re
markably fat ducks, and a hnunch ot veni
son, sent to the President "elect, by an ad
mirinc Catholic friend in Cincinnati, with a
note accompanying, desiring to be remom
bered in the division of the spoils! We
need only add that, the only tfiing'infer
nul" about the "machine" was an inodorous
smell for which the ' reverent disciple - of
His Holiness was in no way responsible.
A Temper'anck Community. Thatinto
icatiii? liouors are drank to some little ex
tent in Irontonisnot to be denied, yet it is
temperance town. The liquor restrictions
upon the town lots prevent the traffic here,
and our citizens ns a whole probably come
nearer total abstinence from all intoxicating
drinks than thjse of any other town inthe
West and what is the consequence!
Why that we have here, ull-includcd, the
most prosperous people we ever- saw
North, South, East or West Every man
is bettering his condition; and it. is a, fact
worthv of notice that tron.ton has grown up
lo a population of about 2,200, and no citi
zen of the town has ever to this day had any
property, real or personal, sold by the sheriff
or constable ! ! :-irmton ivjisur. -
weight in cider. ' At the close of a rainy day,
he was milking upon a knoll in bis bar
yard; on one aide of which was a dirty
lough, and on the other an old ram, thai, in
consideration of his usually quiet disposition,
was allowed to run with the cows. The dea- -eon
was piously humming "Old Hundred,"
and had just finished the line ending with
"exalted high," when the ram, obeying
sudden impulse to be aggressive, gave him
blow from behind that sent him up a short
.li.t.n.a nnlv in TmII Hi-pi-tlv intn tha slntttrh.
Tiik DohisicaS Republic Advice from n.h(Te th(J dirty WBt(,r w dt.ep eno0gh to
the Dominican Republic, to November 30, giw0 him a tDof0,,en immersing. A he
do not mention the occupation of the pemn- jrawea outf and before he rose from hia
sulaof Samana by the French, w hich w as hanj4 anj knees,ho looked over his shoul-
reportedas having taken place about a week the ram, and vociferated, "You d
previous to that date. 1 his is probable i , . ,., . on lookins aronnd. and ec-
thoughnot entirely c-nclusive proof that j jnir one of llia n,.jhbora at the bars looking
such an event has nut taken place, or is not j at"hini,he added in the same breath, "iflmay
soon lo happen. Samana was. we believe, (oir .j 1Ae nrfuon."- Cur- Bag.
ceded to the Fre n eh by a treaty madesev-j . .
eral years ago, Vuthas'never been occupied,; cw YoK Crystal Palace. This
though the Dominicans have steadily d sir- , building, with the exception of the floor,
ed the advent of their Gallic frieuds. It is i win be constructed entirely of iron arid
possible, then, that the final execution of , giusg. Ten large and eighl binding atair
the treaty may have bten determined upon,' ca9es connect the principal floor with the
if not actually commenced, without being gallery. The building contains, on the
made the subject of comment iri the Journals ; ground floor, 111,000 square feet of apace,
of the country."'- At any rate we may rely ; and in Its galleries, which are 54 feet wide,
upon it, that whether the Freuch Emperor ! 2,000 aquare feet more, making a total a
takes Dominica under his protection or not, i rea f 173,000 square feet for the purpose of
tlie very verdant project of sending colonics ; exhibition. There are inns on me grouna
there from this country cannot be carried fluor two acres and a half, or exactly 3 52
out at least until after the Dominicans ' joo; in the galleries, one acre and 44-100;
have been conquered. ! total, within an inconsiderable fraction.four
It is said that the candidates for ll.t Presi- acres. The dome is supported by 24 coK
dency of that Republic are Bacz, the pres- Lmiis, which go up above the second story
ent Chief Magistrate, and Gen, Santan, ' to a height of 62 feet above the floor. : The
the Liberator. This cannotbe a matter uf I quantity of iron to be used lor the building
ffr-The dividends of the Various banking,
manufacturing and other institutions, paya
ble jn Boston to-day, amouni to over
463,182. , The dividend . of the Cocheco
Manufacturing Company is $28 per share;
of the Lowell Manufacturing Company, $20
per share, and of the American insurance
Companyi $10.; The other dividends range
from 5 to 2 Jtef cent.
' Colored Piasoris ik Canada. Some of
the Canadian paper are. taking ground
against tbe influx dt colored peron irom
the united oiawinio un,fniiiiio!i:,w'
Ing it peent injury to their . property
drawback to their (octal progress, and iv
ource of much future trouble.
' Relief for MADEtRA. Subscriptlona are
being taken up in New Yotk for the relief
of the inhabitants' of the' ill-fated Island of
Madeira, just now severely suffering from
famine, In consequence of th total failure
of the vintage, tho revenue' from which; fur
nished the chier mean tor providing tneir
subsistnnce." '--'."-i ' ; . ' ' .
(tlrA eood fat sheep may be bought in
Mexico for twenty-five-cents, but ;it i not
easy to get twenty-five cent in thai coun
try;; ki-. ? . i- i-
(KTThe new liquor bill in New Hamp'
hire wtia Indefinitely ;potponed in the House
of Representative by 1 9 majority. .
personal rivalry between the two, for they w, amountto about 1.250 tons. The roof
are the best friends in the world, but grows, J wjil cover an iirea of 144,000 square feet.
doubtless.oiit of ihe desire of the people to The glass for the building will amount to
have their hero and favorite al the head of : 33,000 square feet, hi 9,029 panes, 16 by 34
affairs during a period which they believe or 38 inches. "
will be critic!. r. rrifcrm. . osToT7T:rDi"52, ther.
"Men Behind the Times. The public were imported into ISestou $578,751 in gold
have been amused of late with accounts of i and $50,507 In silver; and exported $3,
individuals, find the number is far too ! 355,367 in gold and $152,3"2 in silver. In
larce,) who for want of reading the paper the Municipal Court, during the year, 1,371
hav' fallen behind the times. One of them I cases were tried, and fines imposed amount
made his appearance at Newark, New Jer- ; ; to $6,260. -The total length of senten
sey.in the afternoon of the. day of theicesto the Smte prison siuee -. March is 145
Presidential election, and seeing considera- yCars andO months; to the Honse of Correc
blestir amon" the people, inquired what it ; tion 123 years and 3 months;" seven were,
all meant. Why, said Ihey , thU is election ' ,ent to the State Reform School. ' In the
day, and we are o loosing a President. You Police Conrt 5,195 cases wereJ tried, bmnv
are why 1 thought we hail one already. 1 400 less than tho previous year. ' TVUl
. . (.-.i. i...k..t T.n,l nl 0,.in-, n.n,hs ,r Jnths fr the Tear, 3,750, Or 100
bo loined in as heariily as one, with a j ah! less than in J85I ( consumption carried off
yah' yah! ' ! ' ' 650,andscarletfever250;fofty-nineOftftOse
A later cue than this U worse yet. It who died were over 80 years f8'''4"
U that ofa'citizch "ffom the interior," who , umber of intentions of marriage registered
has lost hi run of political ideas. ' . during me year, ,rs , ,- ....
"Squire," said he. 'iwhat Is this 'free so.l' 1 Messrs. G.i.dden &. AVill.ams during tto
thaXy t.lk -o much about! 1 it equal j vr, cleared 34 ships for- Californ... W.lb
ttbegoaner.-WVowrfeiic W. . Ua.040 tonof mecbndiz. .
NeAhLr BuRRitn Alive.- -An inquest .Lite or ths PyUTictA.j5emotbene
NeARLT UVKKliV ' . , io far out of the.Vay. , H one
was he.dmst week in VMid,thathadho hu.A at-tho.comm.nc-
over tho body of a man -nsmeil McLaughlin, nienlo, nig careerw tej.f he sfiprwards leartr
found in an unfinished building, The ver- :?d of Wc (e, and li'en b.owa tw mads.
diet of the jury was "died irom me n'u 1 one Pading to an early gr.vaoa tae otoer
of Intemperance, exposure and want "of 1 10 polit ica I power, he eh(Mildhv.ecJioeen th
food. MctiBUgnnn waa men UJ
of his friends, placed In rough board coffin,
j niacin-' a cloth, wet. in
whifky, over his (ace.4 to keep him from
spotting, as they stated, he iroArd up and open
ed hisfves! trawled out of Ilia. narrow resting
n ce. ana nil uroi iuj-"'j " .j
1 1 1
lormer. How many o-i w politician wouib
express themselves' iiv the same-wanner!
If there is an unenviable lire, it i that if the
, ...1 ...-a. (.,- mnf. Wu. - r 9 -
fcrThV Berks, .cnuaty fra'-i 'foot.tom .
ivas bbed of iPO . lbs. of tausagea . a low
This unceremonious mode of hhrryihg a man I uights ngo. ..- ' - '
nut of existence is supposed ! to have some I ., ,.-.' ,- . ' .
connect" .with theTeei whrd, ire charged fbThe sale
r9aninquest. ' ' - j prohibited oq and fter th lt inunt.