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NEW SERIES VOL. 1. NO. 37.. .
LANCASTER, OHIO, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 1 0, 185 1
Slje Wttlvh) Gazette.
'CITY OF lAUCASTEK:
PUBLISHED EVERY TnURSDAY MoENINC.
T. Si SLAUGHTER, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR
OVFICE Old Public Building-Soutli-east Car.
of the Public Square.
Teems $1,75 per annum in advance,
Thursday Evcnlii., Jan. 13. 1851
STEAMERS BETWEEN - BALTIMORE - AND
Liverpool. The Baltimore Times of yei
terday morning announces, upon what it
ays la the' very best authority, tbat the ef
fort to place a line of ocean steamers be-
, tween Baltimore and" Liverpool has result
edjn lay lagthe icondaiioa fo-rorr rrnn
municatioa. A screw propeller (the City of
Baltimore) will be placed on the line in the
spring.. She was built for the Philadelphia
trade, but will not run there as stated.
There js another screw propeller owned by
the same company .which will be also placed
on the line; to run in conjunction with the
City of Baltimore," If the proper encour
agement Is'giveo by Baltimore. '
r O-We learn that arrangements will be
complete this week whereby passenger
may take the cars at the Cincinnati, Ham,,
llton and Dayton Railway Depot, in Cin.
cinnati, and pissing through Dayton and
Springfield to Patterson on the Mad Uiver
road, take Ohio and Indiana tract.run
ningthrough Upper Sandusky and Bucyrus
to Crestline, pass out the Pennsylvania and
Ohio road to Pit'.sburgh samo day without
changing baggage. ' .
or tue '
goveiwoii or 01110.
The Indianopolis and Bellelonlain rail
road company has declared a dividond of
- four per rent, for the six months ending the
1st January 1854, which will be paid to the
shareholders on and after the 10th of next
month. After paying all expenses, includ
ing interest on the company's debt, for the
past six months, and a dividepd of (our per
cent, to shareholders, there is a clear net
surplesof $22,743 89 of cash) the result of
the pant six mouths' earnings
- U. S. Counsul at London. It is inti
mated in the Washington Star, that the
President will find, himself compelled to de.
cline sending in ,to the Senate the nomina
tion of Mr. George N. Saunders, as Amcrl
can consul at London, in consequence Of
having became the politcal correspondent
of a N. York journal
" A New Idea Tho Senate of 'Virginia
bas adopted a resolution proposing to sward
a premium to the officers of the beet con
ducted roilroads in tho State, with reference
to speed and to' punctual connections of
tho mails and travel.- -A
Fortunate Mas. From the report o
the Commissioner of Patents in the matter
of the pistol patents of SamncI Colt, of
Hartford, Conn,: it appears that he has al
ready realized over one million of dollars
clear profits, and the Commissioner esti
mates the profits yet, to accure before tho
patent expires at over one million more.
1 - ' -
Death or Quben Maria. The Queen o1
Portugal, whose sudden death is reported,
was about 34 years of sge, having beon
born in April, 1819. She was about the
age of Queen Victoria," who was born in
May, the same vear. '. -
Queen Maris, II, (de Gloria,) was the
daughter of the Emperor Don Pedro, of Bra
zil, in which country ' she was born. On
tho invasion of Portugal by the French, in
1808, the royal family of Portugal emigrat
ed to Brazil, where the seat of government
was established. They remained there un
til some time in 1821, when the disturbance
in Portugal called King John & his family
home. ; He left his eldest son the crowu
Prince, Don Pedro, in charge of the gov
ernment ofBrasil. After his departure, the
Brazilians revolted, and made an attempt to
establish independence.. Don Pedro joined
tho Brazilians and threw off tho authority of
his father, and refused to let in the troops
ent from Portugal to surpress the insur
rection, c In 1823, the two countries were
formerly separated, and Brazil became an
Empire with Don Pedro as Emperor.
On the death of John VI, King ofPortu
gal.in ,816 his son Don Minguel, usurped
the throne, which was contested with him
by Don Pedro, who claimed it for his daugh
ter Donna Maria, abdicating it for him-elf.
A long civil contest eosued but Don Win
Ocnllemen of 11 Senate , , .
, v ' auJ House of Rcprescntaliivt: . i
A century ago, the territory now consti
tuting the State of Ohio, was an unbroken
wilderness. Her admission into the great
confederacy of American States is fresh in
tho memory of many who are now beforo
me. Little more than half a century has
elapsed since that event.
She entered the Union with a population
of hardly sixty thossnd inhabitants. Of
the thirty-one States which now constitute
thst Union, she is the third in population.
More than two millions of citizens, in' the
full enjoyment of civil and religious liber
ty, now live within her borders.
Her resources have been adequate not
only to the expense of Government, , but
(have been applied to the- contructi of
.ong iinev 01 cnuie -io mo nbmuiieuinciiv
and maintenance of a magnificent system
of public Instruction,' and to the erection
and support of largo and expensive insti
tutions for the education and restoration of
Private enterprise has kept pace with
tho increase of wealth end the growth of
The wilderness has elven place to culti
vated fields, and smiling villages raise their
spiros where but a few years ago the 10 Hy
oak displayed its foliage. Colleges and
other institutions or instruction nave oeen
founded and endowed. Places the most
remote have been brought into close prox
imity by extensivo lines of railroads. In
deed, tho number ot nines 01 our nnisnca
and projected railroads, is greater than that
of any other state in the Union.-
Such rapid erowtn in an me elements
which make a great and prosperous people,
must fill the heart of every citizen with
patriotic hope and honorable pride. -
The (uture prospects of our people are as
promising as the past has been, prosperous.
He would be unworthy of your confi
dence who did not feel honored at being call
ed, by the voice of its people, to the Chief
Magistracy ol so great ana so growing a
state. ' Worde, indeed, are inadequate 10
express my thankfulness for tho confidence
which has been reposed in me, and my
ense of the responsibilities of the position
in which I have been placed.
The growth of our State and the high
position which she now occupies, have been
produced by the self reliance, energy and
industry of her people.
The character of tho eovernment has
tended to encourage these qualities, and has
had an important agency in augmenting the
moral force ol toe people.
Personal security-freedom from violence
and insult -is the primary and important
object of the establishment of all civil gov
ernment. The weok must be protected
from the strong. Life is hardly desirable
where it is not secure, or where it is con
stant exposed to the fear of oppression and
the apprehension of wrong. '
Our laws throw their eheild around oil,
and grant impurity to none. In them the
weak find a refuge and support, and none
are so powerful as not to need their protec
tion. Under their equal operation all en
joy the fruits of their labor in security and
Our comparative freedom from anything
like nonopolies, by which competition is
cutoff, hibor oppressed, and generous and
ennobling rivalry is degraded, has encour
aged our citizens to embark in schemes of
imhlie and nrlvate improvements which, in
a society differently constituted, would nev
er havo been undertaKen.
The prant of anv special privileges has
not only produced the evils inherent in the
system, but has been the just cause ofdis
ntiRfaction and uneasiness in the minds of
thA nennle.. Thev have actually folt that
thoir rights had been abridged, and the rule
of equality, which constitutes the very
foundation of humman freedom, and which
should prevail in all legislative action, has
The result, too, has always been unfor
tunate, and demonstrated the folly of going
beyond the limits of declaring and securing
the rights of individuals, and punishing and
redressing their wrongs. - -
Government lias no right to interfere with
llm nnrsuits of the eoverned. When it as
sumes the power of discriminating between
different classes, it is usurping a portion of
sovereignty which the people have never
conferred. The exeroise 01 laiems unu in
dustry should be left within the limits of gen
eral laws. ' No class particular body of men
rights or privileges not en1
joyed by the whole mass of the body poli
tic. , . , .,
VV arc not accustomed fully to consider
all the advantages of the general prevalence
of the princlplo of equality of our political
system. Like the air which we breathe, its
Very commenees is an obstaole to the
appreciation 01 ail us oiesbingo.
The ordinary dischorge of the duties of
citizenship calls into exercise all the mental
faculties. The administration of public of-
fnira. hw rennirin? tha CO-Opertttion Of the
The fruits of dismemberment would be tha
destruction of the justice which they wished
to establish, the introduction of civil dis
tention in the place of domestic tranquility,
and tho overthrow of tbat liberty, the bless
ings of which they desired to secure to them
selves and their posperity.
The just solution of political questions is
always attended with difficulties. Under
our form of government these perplexing
difficulties are rather increased than dimiu-
hcd. e have two eovcrnmcnts. not seo-
arate, but co-ordinate. The powers of both
are delegated by the people To one is
given tho management of the external af
fairs of the Union, and, In a decree, the in
tercourse of the States With each other.
To tho State Government is committed the
regulation of its internal or domestic affairs.
Each State is an independent sovereignty
except in ' those partfculars in which she
has waved her sovereignty to the General
Government.. Tieir Interconrse with one
another is, in many, reopects, that of inde
pendent nations. ...
It is, therefore, tho duty of a Chief Mng-
istrato, not only to see that the laws of his
own government are properly executed, but
that the rights of his own Stale are respect
ed and observed by its confederates. The
reciprocal duty of implicltv regarding tho
right of other sovereignties is equally obligatory.
1 he observance of those distinctions, and
the performance, cannot but secure our
peace and perpetuate our union.
In the midst of the blessings with which
we are surrounded, we should remember
thatan arm stronger than that of man, and
a wisdom greater than human intelligence,
rules and coverns, crudies end directs tho
affairs of men. . TJ10 observance of the
great moral laws which, that power has im
posed in ail of our relations, personal as
well as nation), will be more certain than
all other causes to secure a continuance of
our prosperity, and to prcscrvo our institu
tions in the health and benuty of their or
igin. - WILLIAM MED1LL.
his piece, and quit the kingdom in 1834 poople, furnishes them with the most use
Do Pedro also abdicated " the Empire of ful and practical lessons In government and
Brazil, in 1828, in favor of his son, the pres
: ent Emperor, Don Petro II, now 23 years
of age having been born in 1825. t The
mother of Queen Maria wa an - Austrian
princess. The second wife of Don Pedro,
and mother of the young Emperor, was a
Beauharnais, daughter of the Empress Jo
sephine. ': ?.-; '; 1 !. ; ' . " ' " ,
Hewas'marrlodln Jantiary, 1838, and
diedoB-the 28th of the next March. Her
econd husband, who survive her, i Fer
dinand Augustus, one of the still more luok-
fmilv of the Cobure.Duke of Saxe-Co-
Lurg-Gotha, nephew of King Leopold, of
Belgium ana cousin or uueen victoria,
s well at Of Prince Albert.
The heir of Portugal U Don Pedro, Prince
Royal, who was wa born Septembor 16th,
1836, and i consequently now in his seven
As jurymen, they aro called upon to Con
aider the weight of evidence, to reconcile
tho contradictions of mlteront statements,
aud io pronouocaan authoritative judgment
upon the law as mourned by tne tacts inus
The rirrht of snftrase ronuire them to in
form themselves of, and pronounce judg
ment upon, the action of thoir agents, ana
the propriety of legislation. '
The exercise of these right and duties
require Intelligence. - The possession of
knowledge gives moral torce, oeciaiuu , hj
activity to the Individual; its universal dif
fusion, power: and respectability to the
1 1 ...... a. .,.-1- t .:...:..
people anu perpewiiy 10 ineir (inmuuuii.. -The
union of these State is another
very Influential cause of our growth and
. The Term mLvt.m The, name Lady
t.in abbreviation of the Saxon "Leofday
.Mr.h signifies bread-eiver. The mistress
' of a manor, at a time , when affluent families
r.i.Tflil constantly at their country mansions,
was accustomed, once a wook or oftener, to
distribute among the poor a ccrtsin quanti
ty of bread. She bestowed' the gift with
i mvn hand, 'anil made the hearts . of . the
n.l- triad tav the oft word and gentle c
wkirii ar.i-nmnaniod her benevolence.
The widow And the orphan "rose up and
,..,ihrh!8sed:" the destitute: end the
-tr,;.-!. recounted her praise: all classes of
the poor embalmed her in ihtir affections
as the Leofday, the giver of bread and dis
penser of comfort, a sort of ministering spir
it in a world of sorrow. Who is a lady now!
ljrThe thertnomelor at Detroit on the
lib stood at 5 dog: below crv-, v r
Some : Buffaloes. A member of Gov
ernor Stevens'' Northern Route Exploring
Party, in a long communication in the St
Louis Republican, written from the head of
Yellow Stone, relates the following among
many other "sights and incidents" of the
party thus far:
On Sunday, after a marcirof some ten
miles, the Buffuloes were reached. They
were before and on each side of the train.
For miles ahead it seemed one vast drove
yurd. They were estimated by some as
high as 600,000200,000 being consider
ed a very low estimate. Drawing up the
train at our usual halt at noon, a large herd
were about half a mile ahead. The hunters,
six in number, were immediately dispatched,
well mounted on spare horses reserved for
that special purpose, and tho whole tram
had an oprortuuity of witnessing a buffalo
hunt. The hunters dashed in among the
herd, picked out the fattest of the cows, and
then separating the select ..ones , from the
herd soon dispatched them. In lessthan'on
hour the wagons we're sent but a small dis
tance from the route to receive the choice
pieces of the buffalo.
In the next two day's march the hunters
wore kept some distance ahead, 13 keep off
the buffaloes: it was the only way the safe
passage of the train could be insured thro h
this sea of flesh. The pack mules and
spare animals following in the train, too
numerous to be separately led,' were hard
to control, and despite every precaution and
care, one horse and four mules were lost,
they getting minjlcd with a heard of buffa
lo. Every effort wa made to recluim then
hours spent in their attempted recovery.
The efforts was entirely useless.
Ahcicst add Modern SHir-ut'iLDtso.
The . clipper ship,. Great Republic, which
was destroyed by fire is said to bave been
the largest vessel constructed since tue
davs of Noah's Ark.
She was three hundred and twenty-nve
feet long, and was supposed to be capable
of carrying six thousand tons of cargo, tho'
only rated a little over four thousand five
hundred ton burthen. It may be interest
fng at this time, eince the two vessels have
been alluded to in this connection, to learn
the dimensions of Noah's Ark. There were
ships built by the ancients, it appears, far
superior in proportions, to the modern snip
of Mr. Donald McKay.
A ship was constructed forPtolcmy Philo
nater, which was 420 feet long, 56 feet
broad, and 78 feet deep, , and of 6,445 tons.
Archimedes constructed a ship for Hiero,
Kirur of Syracuse, of such large dimensions
that none of the harbors of Sicily or Greece
could receive it,
Noah's Ark by those who are curious in
such things. ' has been calculated to have
contained 1.500.000 cubio feet, and was of
11,905 ton burden. A remarkable differ
enco between modern and ancient times, in
state and condition, is exemplified in the
"Great Republic." . She was the property
of a private American citizen: while the
wealth and resources of ail Sicily was can
ed into requisition to the construction of
Hiero' vessel. .
Pennsylvania LEoisLATUKK.-'In the Son-
ate to-day, (Jan. 6,) Mr. Strong of Philadcl
phia submitted the fouowingjotntresoiution
Friday rvrnliiff.Jan. 13, 131,
Steamer Sa Fbascisco. There
strong hopes tbat this noble vessel will yet
be saved. Capt. Wntkins is said to be ono
of the abelest commanders in the service
and has been in worse scrapes than this
without losing hi vessel or any one on
board. The ship is insured in Wall street
for 8300,000. It is stated the Government
paid $80,000 for the conveyance of the
troops to their ports of destination. Among
those on board, it is said, are a married
daughter of Mr. Everett and a married
daughter of Judge Taney, the wife of Col.
Taylor. . - , -
W learn from the Washington Globe
that the Secretary of the Navy has direct
ed two energetic officer of the navy. Lieu
tenant Gansevoort and Boggt, to proceed
in the Alnbamn, (the vessel chartered by
the War Department for the purpose Of
rendering assistance to the San Francisco,)
to afford such aid and advice as their expe
dience and judgment may suggest. The
Alabama, with coal sufficient to last fif
teen to eighteen days, and fresh provisions
for passengers, sailed from New York early
yesterday morning. The ('oJe says:
The Secretary has also direced the slorp
of war Decatur, now fitting for sea st Bos
ton, to proceed in the search, if, in the opin
ion of the commandant of the yard, she can
be of service.
Since the above was in type, we learn
that the Secretary of the Navy has directed
the steamer North Star, at New York, to be
chartered, officered and manned, and tent
to the relief of the San Francisco.
The revenue cutter Washington was die.
patched from New York on Friday, for the
purpose of rendering aid to the disabled
What the Faeulb mot Nktus.
not a college, endwt-d by the Sute, u; a '
f. ! --". kii.r . .., mi 1 and humor oaf wile estate.
iVVe publish the fullowiiigstory fur the ' ner for a romp with tti child to turn m
lent fit of those BieMor$ who iuteud treat- 1 horarf into a nursery, aiid my ffr aid In-
Higher walks of science, as apuliod to an- : am! tnut in pcrutal will not only be inter- Well I am aa old bachelor. 1 iidn'l
culture. They need -organization -11,,-y e,ti.,g but profitable; ,. . I think it. though, till . . How'hard it U to
IralL . f!'v ' ''i f sV C.,roST eob the B AciiEioss.- We pub-1 believe one's aelf part anything in tnia
broric of agricultural boks. 1 Inn oted . i.i, ... .n .
discussion. They need u. ore intcrcoure, '
not only in their owu iownUip and cutiiiiy,
but throughout the Slate auJ country, tu
see and team what other farmers are doing,
and adopt them. This is the created ueJ :
1 of farmers. They ueed to become satisfied .
t.rl..:lor frstermi)-." We trust that the : fitness fur matrimony with all my dream
la'!i,r, both married auJ wnjjle, will not be i f woman, my romances, my aspiration, af
o.TeuJd, an J the utsrried gentlemen will i ter. happinna it Umy lot to be laid th
txcu t. UIJ baihelor certainly tuxd shelf, alter all! Am 1 10 be abuaned by
lift" ucca-iunaHy. s Isixtecnas a boro to be pointed at y
ii .... .... v..... v.-.'. urn .i... i riinni bniiii ao &ii oociuiorvD Be in-
! J. to get rid of the pie- i ,t.,v0 ll)!WluIltr,u,2 tnea runJ lhe iTitedtoall super.nu.ted tea drtnkinsg-W
vailing notion thai farming is, i.ecrs.ar.ly, , tllt,p uf ,t r Tll ni(J. ka qiMed wUh solicitation for founding hd.
sn ui.mPnlal employ mem; that ,s, that the ni ;l hmjr i3 near ,rrive, wt,, of piuU. be ..feed of my meumatiam, aad
farmer has his occasion to think he has no ,. . t . ........ i . r ..: !... . .nHwl m aim chuira! Heaven
occasion fur education, and never esn le
eomo wealthy, or what tho world wuuld
call respectable, while engaged in tin cnl-
prup.-wi-u Ut"ra) up
; for the last bnehfW."
The preposition received with a uni-
: ..... i . i. .... . r i... ... -i'i.. .inn....
ture of the earth, and therefore be seeks UiLM wxLuU f kl a4 papes-A
nr opportun uy ia escape iron, an tvoca- Uo,, W8S Wf)llf out( ty eith ,em.
ion placed under ban not only by all oilier. b(jr boun(, tia,w.f tl ink it. in ca it fell
hc nr, ' .
i'i f here's JiHrtentic felicity, aav th
imp igry elbow, 'and ioUrcbang of seotl
nient, and aweeLrebf use, and the respectsv. .
bility of a man of f unity, aod duty to the
atate, and perpetuation of name and com-
but his own class also. The great ti-ed of , ,0 ,i9 t, on the listin .ub.it bitnef. was j fort, and attntiun, and . love." Chances.
Ida farn.a ii lUl I.. .I ..II .I I I' If ' . I . l
the farmer is, tbat he thall declare hini.-lf
independent of all other clunses;. at . jVa:
more so than than they are of him, and of
course he is entitled to engage in any oilier
calling whatever; and if he is a man ol toil,
that is no reason why be shoud nut be a man
of intellect. I tr. Ulakumn. .
Fbom Oregon and Wahingtor Tee bito
bies. fiy un arrival at San Francieo, from
Oregon, the San Franclnco Sun, of Decem
ber 3d, learns that Governor Stevens and
uianied; and, after pacing roonJ the table,
it was laid aid., with it signatures, until
ttt elre. At the clock atruLk the seal was
set upon the bottle, and it wa then put a
way for safe keeping.
Itwasou the ll night of 134S, tint a
siny'e t;entleinan aat do alone at the club
table iu Arch rtfet, a itb a dusty bottle ii
a iii?iu gli before tiim. The rain was
heating violently against the windows, and,
in a pause of the guest, as be sat with his
... . .i : i. . . .1 I
the exnedition under hi. ,n,n,,,l. .,.it. "'' lnru"0cP'y " ' ' . " "
t t n nLr, nSS .urun. -.... I ..
Photection of Immigrants. The U. S
Senate committee to inquire into the csus.
es and extent of the sickness and mortality
prevailing on board the emigrant ships,
have prepared a c:rcular which will be rent
to gentlemen of experience and professional
knowledge, ' to obtain their opinions both
with reference to any deficiency in the pro.
visions of emisting statutes, and tho proprie
ty of further legislation. - The committee,
it is said, will recommend stringent enact
ments, providing for -lhe better accommoda
tion of emigrants in regard to the space al
lotted lo each, the - better vcntillation of
ships, and tho abolishment of the practice
of allowing the emigrants to cook their own
Indianapolis and Cincinnati Railroad.
The business on the Road shows a steady
Resolved. That that porliou. of the Lako
Shore Road from Erie to the Ohio line
which has been constructed by the Frank
lin Canal Company without right or legal
authority, and in violation of the sovereign
ty of Pennsylvania, be and the same is here
by forfeited, and that the Canal - Commis
sioners be directed and required to take pos
session of the same.
, The resolution was laid over. ' " .
Let it becomo well settled that the rep
resentatives and people of Philadelphia not
only sympathise and encourage the Erie
mob, but also are disposed to throw obstruc
tions In the way of the Lako Shore route,
and such a feeling against that city wih be
raised through tho mighty west as. will be
most sensibly felt upon its future trade and
business. Will they see thi in season to
ncrcase. The receipts from messengers
alone, last week, were $2040 23, against
81008 36 the week previous, ond 1543 81
for the week ending the 10th inst. The re
ceipts for freight last week, were $4077 SX
The total receipts for the last fortnight have
exceeded one thousand dollars per day,
which is pretty well for a Road that has
been open' but five weeks and indicates good
The Missiko ParERs in the Gardiner
Case. The Globe says that search for the
missing papers in the uardiner case con
tinued on Sunday without success. It was
thought, on Saturday, thut the papers might
havo been In the possession of Mr. Key,
tho district attorney, who was absent. Mr.
Key has since returned, but s.iys the papers
was never in his possession, and knows
nothing of them.
ft"rTha American Bible Society held its
regular monthly meeting in New York, on
the 5th instant, at which eleven new auxil
iary Societies were recognized in Florida,
Arkansas, Texas, Georgia, Illinois.Indiana'
Missouri, Iowa, Ohio and Wisconsin, be.
ing 0110 Society in each State except tho
last, In which there were two new ones.
Two new manager were elected, and vari
ous grants of books were made to different
', The San Fbascisco. Tho Washington
States that the Government have very re
cent advioes from the owner of the steam
ship San Francisco, written subsequently
to a personal interview with the mato of
the vessel, reporting her perilous condition
They are said to have written that, as the
mate reports the condition of the ship when
last seen, they entertain little doubt of her
ultimate safety with all on board
ftTA large quantity of dam
jroods, from the wreck of the steamer Hum
boldt, was disposed of at auction on Thurs.
day . Low' watered silk bought from $1
to 65cts. A portion of the cargo of the
Great Republic was also offered, but tho
prices paid were not near the actual value
of the goods. , 1,000 bushels of damaged
corn brougnt I6ct. a bushel.
for the Pacific railroad, bad all arrived at
their different stations Several of the par-
ty declare the route explored perfectly fea-
sihle. and are satisfied that no formidable i
obstacle exists from the Missouri Riv r to
the navigable waters emptying into tho Pa
cific. Captain McClelland'a party which left
Vancouver early in the ounimer, for the pur
pose of making examination wput of the
mountains, have alno been successful in their
exploration. They have all returned in
good health, well situfied that a railroad
can easily be constructed through the Cas
Governor Stephens lias gone to Olymp.a.
he firesent ssafof government of WaHhinj-
ton Territory, where he will immediately
proeeed to organize the Territory, according
to the requirements of law.
Immigrants Defrauded A few days
ago 44 Swedish immigrants, mostly women
nd children, arrived at Pittsburgh, who
ought and paid a New York agent for
tickets to Chicago. The tickets were en
tirely useless after they reached Pi'taburg
and the unfortunate holders were left pen
nilcss and without a shelter, beyond a room
which was tendcied them, temporarily, at
the railroad depot.
Pierced bt a Swoed Fisn. The British
hip Lord Riversdalc, on her last voyage to
) emn ton's of the old clot k, striking eleven,
Lis ears. lie started and seizing
the bottle, held it np to the tight, with a
contraction of the muscels of the tace, and a
shudder of diflguat quite incomprehensible to
the sjlllary servant ho awaited his pleas
'You may bare the room, William,' said
he. As the door closed, he drw from hia
porket a smoky, tiinn stained manuscript
and a number of letters, nr.d threw them im-patU-ntly
on tb table. Alter siltinj a mo
ment, and tightening his coat around hi in in
the manner of one screwing ip hi resolu
tions with some diffi.-ully, he filled his glass j
from the bottle, and drank it off w ith aaud
den and hysterical irulp.
Bali! it cuts like a eword. And so, here
I am tho last bachelor. I little thought it
eighteen years ago. thi night. How fresh
it is in my mind! . Eighteen years since, I
put the seal on thst bottlo with my own
hand. It seem impossible. JIow distinct
ly I remember those dozen rascally Bene
dicts who are laughing at me to-night, seat
ed around this very table, and roaring at
my proposition. All married St. John and
Fred Esperel.and Ned Gourlay.and to-night,
last of all, O'Lavondcr. And I am it is
useless to deny it the old bache lor. And
so they have each vritten me a letter, as
they promised. Let me see:
Dear Tom How U the vingir! I t.'iink
I see you with the bottlo before you! Who
would have dreamed that you would drink
it! Poor Tom! 1 am married as you know;
I nri mo- l,ildrn sine "we" are seven." I
My wife you Know
Valparaiso, having sprung a leak at sca.th . . - ei3ucation. and knows
vessel was hove down for repairs, when it
proved that the tusk of a sword fish had
pierced through the plank, which was o'
elm, three inches and a half in thickness.
The point of the tusk projected beyond the
plank seven inches clear, making ten inch
es and a half thrust through the wood.
The Li vino Drama. The Albany Rig.
isltr says that a dramatic version of the
Erie War," will soon be presented at the
Museum, in tha', city, and that it will be
found to ho both interesting and amusing.
We doubt that it would provo amusing'
however interesting, if produced before an
Perhaps it Would bo well for tho Rail.
road Company to give the Erians a frco pass
over the road, to witness the play, and "see
themselves as others see them."
everything. I can't say but she knows too
much. Her learning does pester me a nine
now and than. 1 confess that if I were to
marry egain, it would be a - woman that
didn't read Greek. Farewell, Tom. Mar
ry and be virtuous. ' Haert.
p. s. Never marry a woman of talents.
Ha! ha! happy, v;ry happy! Your wife is
a blue, virulent as verdigris, and you the
m.56t unhappy or Benedicts. So much for
ymr crowing. , We'll see another.
Tom I pity thee! Thou pojr, flannel
wrapped, forsaken fi Igetty old bachelor;
drink thy vinegar and grow amiable. Here
am I blessed es Abraham. My wife is the
most innocent creature that lives. Sha loves
me to a foolish degree. She has no opin
ion but mine no will of her own, except
uch as I give her, you understand-no lauus
md no prominent propensities. I am aa
Dicken's Tbibcte to America. Dickens
closes bis Child's History of England, in the
Household Words of December 10th, with
tho following tribute to America:
"It was in the reign of Georgo III, that
England lost North America, by persisting
in taxing her without her own consout.
That Immenso country, made independent
under Washington, and left to itself, became
the Unitod Slates; one of the greatest na
tions of the earth. Iu these times in which
I write, it is honorably remarkable for pro
tecting its subjects, wherever they may trav
el, with a dignity and determination which
is a model for England. Between mo and
you, England has rather lost ground in this
respect since the days of Oliver Cromwell."
nroBDsritv.and that of every . Stato. The
freedom of intercourse, by which the cit- gBve themselves, or will they pursue the
izen of one State is entitled to the rights of DarroW suicidal policy to the bitter end!
citizenship in every other the treeuom 01 Qg state Journal,
trade, nermittine the transportation of tho
products of agriculture and of art without
impost or duty, to every extremity of our
extended territory, ha stimulated and. the
sama timo, encouraged and .rewarded., in
dustry. - "",0 ;" ';
In this point of view, the continuance of
the unity of the Slates is a matter of no
small importance. -. :
Its perpetuity depends upon the respect
which the people have for it. .That respect
is exhibited by the observance of the laws
which lhe State and National Legislature
have enacted. A disregard for these laws,
and of the provision ol the "Constitution,
ia a Dreliminary step towards the dismem
berment of that union -wbiclK)UP fathers
formed, arid strote to perfect by , concess
ion, conciliation and compromisij'...v ; ,
It i a reflection of Tacitus, that benefit
are agreeable only so long as we believe we
can pay them; but that when they become
too great,, uutreu tunes iao pises . 01 . graii
tinln. Seneca says in relation to the same
subject, that a small sum of borrowed mon
ey make a uoflior, uui a iurgw vao mu u-
my. . . ... .- - -.-
Tue people of the United State paid, bo
side the actual price value of their sugar
for the year 1353, the enormous um of 4,-
696,333 in duties. .. ,
(fi-A thief who lately broke opin a gro
r' warehouse exuses hiinelf. on" plea'
that he mearly went
there to take tea
OirThe cold weather at St, Louis on
2d inst. is likoly to deprive that city of wa
ter, a large ond heavy gorge of ice having
accumulated over and around tho pipes of
tho water works, so that no water could be
pumped up. The Republican of the date
mentioned stated that if the colJ weather
continued the peoploofthe city would have
to look to other supplies totwatcr. ,
' FaBNCH Pilgrims. Under the arrange
ment made with the Turkish government by
France, the first company of French Pit
grim has arrived et -Jerusalem, and bocn
received at the gate of Jaffa by a salute of
musketry. ' They were clothed in white,
and on approaching the city they alighted
from their horses, prostrated ibeinsolvcs.and
prayed fervcully.' . , . -
' fjGca. Rufus Welch, ono of. the oldest
and most enterprisiug showmen in the coun
try, died at New Orleans, Dec. 81st. Hi
lust speculation was tbo Parisian Hipo
drome. exhibited here last -season. Mr.
w0i,h und much esteemed br W numer
ous acquaintances In every "part of the Un
ion. . ' ' . ..
(rBrigham Young talks to the Indians
ofUtahina stylo which ia moro forcible
"I say to the Indiana, as I bave often said
to tho mob, go your length. You say yeu
are iroinff to kill us all off. You say you aro
' 1 ,! going to obliterate tho Latter-Day Saints,
aged dryijndwi p8 them from the earth. -Why don't
you. do it, you poor, miserable cursos!
"Jim," aid one fast man, the other day,
to another, "it is reported that you left the
Boston accoiiut of your belief an itiner
ant mortyr." "How," repliod Jim, flatter
ed by tho remark. "How's that!" Vhy,
the police officer told mo that you believed
every thing that you saw belong to you.ond
as tho public didti't, you left."
hanpy as I can expect to be in mis sua
world. Marry, luni, marry. ao wuui.
must be peopled. Thine ever, I red.
p. s. Don t marry a woman iuoi is re
markable for her simplicity.
I envy not thee, Fred Eiperel. Thy wife
is a fool, and thy children egregious ninnies,
everyone. Thou woulds't giv the whole
bunch of their carroty heads for thy liberty
.irnin. Once more:
"Torn, my lad, get married. 'Matrimony,
rou know. 'is like Jeremiah's figs the good
are very good' the rest of the quotation is
inapt. My wife is the prettiest woman in
the city I wish sne wasn c oy w 'J-
My house is the resort of all the gay young
feilows about town. I am quite the thing
my wife is, that is to say everywhere. I
am excessively happy excessively as
sure vourself of that. I grow t do, they
ssy, but that's age; and I've lost my habit
of laughing, but that's proper, as I'm ves
tryman. On the whole, however, I'm tol
Ar.tiln nntpnteu. and I think may live ten
years, if my wifo settles down, as she will,
you know. God bless you, Tom. How is
tho vine-rar! Well, marry, marry; mind
that. Yours, always. t;
p. s. I wouldn't marry a beauty, H 1
PoorGourlay! His wife is a belle, and
he is as jealous as BIho Beard dying abso
i.,.w nf rnrrosion. It is eating him up by
inches. Hang the letters! they make me
molancholy. One moro. and I will throw
the boding thing into the fire. - " " '
My Dear Tom I hope ihe god have
promised thee a new. weosend." Tho vine
, Imnmvnt doubtless, by age. It must be
a satisfaction, too.-that it is nectar of your
mere chance prize in a Mtttery, ail and
a whole lite the price or a ticket.. ...
TtBTUt its owl Reward. Every man
under God, has his destiny in bis ova haadav
If he will t.o virtuous, he may be. If be ia
virtuous, he cnnot but be bappy. Like the
aufferiug Red?eihr, he may and ill be''
man of aurrftw and acquainted with grief,"
but bis consolation will flow like a river, and
his righteousness sad happiness shall roll
l.ke the wares of a peacoful aea; following
one after another, until they bear him to tha
bright and heauliiul land bey 00 d tVe tomb.
Reader art thou poor! Art thoa tried by
thin infirmities! Art thou persecuted by n
einies! Still 'Hop on, hope ever" be the
motto of your life. Still bo virtuous, and
your triumph sbsll be certain. I do not .
know a single young man who started with
me in life.guiJed by a virtuous intent, who
failed of success. Many of tbat class aro
cuttered to and fro in the earth. Fierce
blasts and pelting storm beat upon many
of them to this day, but every one of them
now living who have been virtuous haa
won for himself a good degree in his sphere;
and many nhall rise up and bless the bonr .
when these young men were oota.rii.
A Ijipt-Bial Bedbooii. The Pari cor
respondent of the Mirror of Fashion givee
the following account of the bedroom of the .
Empress Eugene, having seen it previous to
her Majesty's recent relure from.FonUin
bleau. We copy it by way of suggestion
for those who cultivate imperial splendor
and luxury in the rich metropolis of the new
'The upbolgtercr have furnished it with
a magnificent sky-blue silk tenure along the
walls, which is fixed by gold frames, in the
style of Louia XV. The arm-cbair,chair,
sot as and lounges are of the same style and
like ilk. As for the bedstead.all made with
gilt carved wood, it is covered with a covert
pieds of Malina lace, nd the curtains, of
blue silk and lace, are bung down all around
it, in the same manner a the old beds of our
grandmothers. The carpet 1 also or a Blue .
color, and so thick that one would Ukeit for
bear (kin. It wa made at Aubusson,
expressly for the place in which it lay.--The
ceiling of the room was painted by M.
Bresson, and it represent a group of genii
throwing flower from rich basket. Tho .
painting i o well done tbat no one could
believe tbat the figure are not alive. Ia
short, this magnificent bedroom I tho as
plus ultra of riches and elegance. But what .
' . . I . t , M,
are the dreams unaer loose iw:
Literary Cobfant The Boa-
ton Athenaeum is rapidly becoming one of
the most richly endowed anu pienai mo
ra ocieties in the world. The Perkina
familv. one of the richest of "the otiu men
of Boston," give to this ociety $61,000.
Other large and liberal donation were re- -ceived
from different peron, until tho o
ciety were able to erect a Library Building
at a cost of 8136,000. The library contain
50,000 volume of book. In the upper ;
story of the building i a" hall ar gallery for
paiuting and statuary. iaii ayring u
company, iu order to increase iu mean, is
sued 400 shares of new stock, at 300 per
share. Eleven men iomedialely took each
3,000 worth of thi new stock, and tha .
balance has sine all been disposed of, thua
raising $ 120,000 to pay off Mine existing li
abilities, and form the basis of a perma.
nent fund for the benefit of the ociet. It ;.
is designed greatiy to enlarge the library,
and the number of paintings aad statuary,
nrt it will doubtless, ere long, bcome a
world renowned institution.
It appears by the
r.eiiitinua of the Virainia Legislature,
the price demanded for the Mount Vernon
estate, including tho house, grounds, gar
den, and two hundred acres of lund.i9 $2U0,
000. . ' '
(fclrErio is gaining a decided celebrity,
The Cleveland Herald gives the following;
Yesterday a clergyman in his sermon, re
n,.rLn,' that Dronertv was as well protected
in Honolulu as in the cities of Buffalo and
Vancouver's Island. Late intelligence
from this region speaks of a petition to tho
British parliamenfby 83 landed proprietor
snd inhabitants of tho island, praying that
as the five years for which tha island was
granted to the Hudson Bay Company i a
bout to expire, the colony may ba taken
under tho direct charge of tha hem go
ernineni and dating that the attempted col
ony had, proved a failure on accoont of the
high price of land por acre, and the liberal
gift of land to actual settler in Oregon,
separated from lhe island ooly . by a
strait which is daily crossed by canoe.'
The proprietor say that a large number of
British subject in California bare been de
ttlinff in the ialand but wera de
terred by these circumstance, and in eono-
quence Borne have gone to ureg-on.
Crime iiiLodo. The records of tha
London police court daily team with the
most horrible account of men murdering -their
wive, and of attempt at Crimea of
.i rmaUw. at the bare recital of
........ . . ... . , lUIOUUBIlBU "M J '
own bottling. H'-re-am I, tho happiest dog I wl icl (he 80o( ,huddere. In the Engluh
ih.t it ronnlod. Mv wife I took warning I , .i;,,;,, tha nractica af forming 'buri
. .. i r
from Gourlay t not run alter oy a -paca 01
puppies. She is not handsome, heaven
know- I wish she wore a trifU prettier
but ehe is as good as Dorcas. Ah! how we
walk and talk, evening. I prefer that timo,
as I can imagine her pretty, when I don't
see her. yon know, Tom. And how we sit
in the dim light of tho parlor, and gaze at
each other's just perceptible figure, and
sigh! Ah! Torn, marrv. and be blessed, as
1 am. . Yours, truly.
I t K Mrrv a woman that is al least
eveland. and mnc better than at me point .t . -
icien those ttcocitic! ... . Tho Gods forbid that I should marry one
A Man was lately brought before a magis
trate, churged with Stealing a dead sheep;
the magistrate dismissed the complaint, ob
serving that thcro was no such thing asi
when a sheep died it became iiiultou. , ..
Capital Convictiois.. Paris,, who ha"
been 011 trial for two week past, at Akron,
for the murder of William Butson; some
months past, was found guilty of murder in
the first degree. ' r . -
fjtrThe persons who brought suit at Pitts
burgh for violations of the smalt note law,
have boon indicted for conspiracy.
like yours,' Phil. She 1 enough to msita
one's face qi he! And so, you are a dis
contented; one's wifo is too smart, another s
too simple, another's loo preuy, an.. .".
ar's too plain. And wh.t might not mine
have been, had I, too, been irrepairably a
1... .!....! I
Hut not so f .st. What is the prodigious
difference! What, if I were married I -I
should have t-. pay for a whole ImmhJ in
stead of purl 1 teed, heaven know 'how
tnaiir mouths instead ot one-to pivemy
whoie bed for a half ot quarlerlo dino at
another's hour and .not my own to. aJupt
another's friendships, and submit my own-to
ter plossure to give up my nap after din-
al clubs" is very prevalent, aod nothing to
more common, it is aid, than- for a man ar
woman to join, pay a few waok,' whacrip
tion, and then murder a child for the aake of
a few pound appropriated towards funeral
expenses by the ociety.
K Fibrin Lafayette Citt. Indiana, on ;
the 3d inst.,destroyed a whole block of build
iiigs, occasioning a loss of t50,000. . Tha
firm of Bainbridge &. Mix.wnolesale dealer. . ,
whose warehouse was baraed, sustained tba
largest loss, $10,000, which was covered by
insurance. E. C. While, tha owner of the
block.lost $7,000. No insurance. John Dai
ly was kited, during tbo fire, by falling
through a trap door - ' ..- " '.
Murder in ViotaiA.-!-G"orge Higgin
bothuin, or Raleigh county r . Va., baa been
arrested on the charge of murdering hi wife,
to whom he waa married but a few week
aao. " She was possessed of some $3,000 to
ftYiioo. and. it is alleged, that in order to.
secure it tor himself, he administered aHoaa
of poison to her onJJbrWinaHjr- , , , , .
ft-rEx-PreeidentVaa Duren now
RouTe. with bi..o, living inaaxn.U bouaa
with a Urge garden, id the Vta Georg.a.--
(t is said he nods
Rome to agree
a -inter res uiw i
rithhis health and t-,x.