Newspaper Page Text
v ;NEW,SEltIES-YOL. 1. NO. 28.;
LANCASTER, OHIO, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 26, 1854
WHOLE NO 1478
5ITY Or LANCASTER:
TVBUSHED EVERT TBVBSPAY M'
T. S.'SUUGHTEB, EDITOR ANpTnOPHlETOB
OSTICE-OW Public. Buildig-8outh-ert
Teems $1,75 per annum in
i......if v Tvoniiic. Jan. lw. iso-i
. TThe Texas papers speak of-an 1m
' mense mmigration thitherward. TheGon
' sales Enquirer says that , Mr. Shannon, a
"' very gentlemanly and intelligent emigrant
.fronj the.; State of Missouri, who passed
' through Gonzales a few days since, states
tnit at'a'n'd betVee'rf Preston, oil Red River,
and 'Gonzales, he counted 'two thousand
' tlweq hundred emigrant wagons, bound for
'.Western Texas, a great; many of which are
'rotMisotui.; He mentions one' county
: lu th&i State as being almost depopulated
by emigration to Texas.: The same genlle
man says, thfttiq the vicinity or Bolton, in
Bell countyexclusive of the above, he saw
at one . view, he thinks, about 500 tents
pitched, all home seekers.
- t)3rThe Syracuae Chronicle publishes
'.. some interesting figures respecting the Salt
manufacture at the Onondaga salines during
th. n.Qt It aDDeers that the oggre-
, ' gate production of the year has been 5.404,
.453 bushels a considerable increase over
previous years. Tho number of bushels of
Onondaga Salt reaching tide-water and the
porta of Buffalo, Oswego, and Whitehall,
during the year 1853, is as follows: Tidewater-,
02,491; Buffalo, , 055,723; Oswego,
8,734,264; Whitehall, 14,686. '
'.V,. The Onondaga Salt Springs were ppened
' June 20, 1797, and the manufacture for the
first four years was as follows: .. .
"Date. - ' Bushels. Date. Bushols.
' i797 - 24,474 1799 - 42,574
-1798 . 57,928 180Q 40,000
'. '-'Robberies i the" New Yobkt Costom
- House. Extensive larcenies, in the New
' York Custom House; of Silks, Canton
Shaw'ls.and other valuabls goods, have been
. discovered. '.. Tho goods have been extract
ed, and their places supplied with worthless
' Duckasres. IThe authors' of the jobbery
nave hot been discovered. '
. .-'CHIME . AND IaTEMPEBAXCE' Mr. J. G.
Harwell, a correspondent of the Louisville
Courier, writing from, Nashville, Tennes
aee.gives the following Penitentiary facts.'
They apeak trumped-tong'ucl forlho'Jli'iiio
'.Law:.: ;7'r v .'
. v- The Nashville penitentiary is a tolerablo
oulhling, strong and secure. They manu
facture a great many things very well with
in its walls, and the convicts have been of
great advantage to the State, particularly
t in the preparation of stone' for the Capitol.
' There ore, two hundred and' forty convicts,
" thirtv-eiarht wero tomperalo, before sen
tence, anAtwo hundred and two intemper-4
". ate. . Ono hundred and twenty seven wore
drunk when they committed crimer Forty
' threehad fathers who were temperate; tho
fathers of one, hundred and twenty-five
were intemperate; and seventy-two com
'mon drunkards. The editor uf some tem
perance paper, would do well to get the sta-
tiBlics of every penitentiary in tho Union
Hn this matter. What a commentary it
would be upon the Ueenso syBtcml '
'. - The Boahd op Ciaims.-We are glad to
. a that the attention of Conzress is again
.to be called to the subject of establishing a
l Board of Claims, upon whom shall devolve
- - the examination and settlement ot all prl
vote claims aguiost the United State.
The necessity of such a bureau, department
J't or commission has long been upparent, and
the thousands Who have fruitlessly, and at
vast expense, pressed for the settlement of
their claims have a right to demand it as an
act of common iustice. It will bo recol-
lccted probably that during President Fill
' more's administration, a bill for the construe
tioa of such a board Dassed the Senate, and
i'was defeated In the House of RepreBenta
lives, not-we believe, unon its merits, but
'because of some jealousies about the patrou
acre it Involved. Now, however, such an
impediment can scarcely be Interposod, and
wo hope op other will arise to the prompt
"action of Congress upon that subject. The
lack. of such an institution has been, and
. must continue to be, the source of mnch evil.
- It Is a irreat hindrance to the work ot legis
lation, and to public business generally ,aud
. vet. beinr subordinate to these, the exainin
stion pf private claims is not, and cannot bo
.efficient and satisfactory, so that a gross in
,jutice is done to claimants, as well as to the
cpodIb at lorire. All this might be obviat
ed, easily and speedily, by the creation of
' sT 'bureau whose business should cer exciu
slvelrthat of arranirins, examining and li
,uldating;rWe claims. A", Y, Com..Adv
Tv RailbqAd PospEBiTyThe New York
Courier 'says that an analysis of a copious
Jiat of railroad bonds issued in this country,
shows that the result of their liabilities for
annual interest is as follows: Of seventy-six
different kinds of railroad bonds issued by
Jifty-two different companies, thirteen pay
'aq annua.1 intereat of 6 percent, fifty-five
pay 7 per cent, seven pay 8 per : cent, and
om payt 10 per cent. The total amount
' Of the bonds represented in this clussficution
is $120,470,000. Even this does not show
the entire amoont- of railroad bonds issued.
We should add at Ie'ast one-third in order
to arrive at the actual sum outstanding.Qmk
ing the aggregate one hundred and sixty
million dollars. Dayton Journal.'
"" Tiis BoBf of David Jones, of Andover,
was found in a clump of trees near the lino
t Lawrence and that town. The deceas
ed, n Wednesday, previous to the great
no ttortn," went to Lawrehce to secure
soma, provisions.. On his way back, it is
-- supposad he .became bewildered in the
. atorun wandered from the road, and ; died
- from exhaustalian.' His dog accompanied
- kim ami aaveral davs alter his death at
tracts J the attention of eome men who
were breaking out the road, and who, fol
lowed the dog into the woods; found the bo
dy of Jonaa. The dog had been six days,
it ia supposed without food, waiting tor his
master to rise. The ano v was pswed away
from the body end the faithful creature
had apparently, laid upon i.-BottonJow
AsToUBDiKo Disclosure!-Wo call the
attention of the people of Ohio, of all par
tie, to the astounding discloiuro mado in
tbd House of Representatives yesterday,
It la a fact that since the close of tho last
fiscal year, (14th Nov.,) there Las Lcen
drawn from the public treasury, on account
of the Board of Public Works, the snug lit
tle sum of ONE HUNDRED AND SEV
EN THOUSAND THREE HUNDRED
AND TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS I ! !
This, be it remembered, at a season of the
year when comparatively little was doing in
the way of repairs., How is this! ' Who
will explain it! To what - use has this a-
. . , , . ..
mount of the people', money been applied?
Why was it not Included in the official re-
por( of the expenditures of. lha pas year!
r h c." .v.:- ,i,., ,i,.
proceeds of the- puHic wprk. eT'the- State
r , .. , ... . .
""-"'S. u.cu ujriMwo. i......iB ,
of (be works, and the amount of their ex
penditures kept back from the public until
after the nominating convention, by which
one of the members of the present Board is
presented for re-election!
People of Ohio! thinkoflhcsa things!
O. S. Journal. ' ' .;
CTThe Cincinnati Gazette says, we are
indebted to T. W. Lord, of Lord's Detector,
for a telegraph despatch Which he received
Friday morning, announcing the refusal of
'the Western Resorve Bank, at Warren,
Trumbnll county, to redeem its notes.
Holders of its notes should not dispose of
them at a great discount, as they arc secur
ed, and will, eventually, be paid.
'That's the Allegoby:" A miser be
ing dead, and fairly , interred, came to the
banksof the river Styx,.- desiring to be fer
ried over ' along with the other ghosts.
Charon demanded his fare, and was surpris
ed to see the miser rather than pay it, throw
himself into the river and swim over to the
other side, notwithstanding all the clamor
anil opposition th.at could be made to him.
.All Tartarus was in en uproar; end each
of the judges was meditating some punish
ment suitable to a crime of such danger
ous consequences to the infernal revenues.
Shall he be cnained to the rock along
with' Prometheus! or tremble below the
precipice in company with Ihe Danaidcslor
assist Sisyphus to rolling his stone?"
"No," said Minol, "none of these; we
must invent some severer punishment. Let
him be sent buck., to the earth, to see the
use his heirs are makingofhia iichcs,"v, .
r"TA commission of Lunacy is now sit
ting in New York, to determine upon the
sanity of mind of the Hon. Edward Curtis,
formerly a member ot Congress, anu a El
ector of the. port oiin o.w,; x grK. . i ne gen-.
tleman's insanity, it ia ulleged, is shown
ri imagining and proclaiming himself to be
perfect milionaro, possessed ot unbounded
wealth, which he said he was daily giving
awuv in churity to the poor and those any
wav in need. He ueclureu an intention oi
giving $50,000 for one tiling, and 3100,00
for another. He possesses an estate worth
$200,000.' His cobo is considered a hope
less one, and he is now in a private asylum.
Bjshop Burgess, of Maine, has wilten a
etter on the Main' Law, concluding as fol
ows: 'I would avoid everything like an in
trusion of nh opinion respecting the prac
ticability or wisdom of such a measure else
where. I never appeared here as its pub
lic advocate, and I am not blind to iuch ar
guments as may be urged against legisla
tion which, though it is pecularly humane
in its operation upon persons, is so sweeping
with reference to things: Nevertheless, I
am most devouted grateful for the practical
worklng of the law, and believe that to every
family in Maine it is of moro value than can
easily be compu ed " . - , , . , v ;
Titfi List. A Columbus ' correspondent
of the Cincinnati Enquirer, in a letter, gives
the following as a list of candidates for
United States Senator. It is well enough
to keep posted upon this interesting subject:
On the Senatorial question little remains
to be added to the former observation on the
subjjcl. No full list of the candidates can
be obtained. Among them, However, we
may reckon the following, though, truth to
say," it had better be prefixed with the re
mark found, on all announcements ot auc
tion programmes: "Full catalogues furnish
ed on the day of tale.'.' At present part of
the list stands as hero given: Attorney
General George E. Pugh, Hon. John A.Cor-
win, Col. Sam. Medary, Hon. VVm. Allen,
CoT. Geo. W, Manypenny and Hon. D. Dis
ney. -Yua may call these "the regulars"
who are enlisted for the war, ' "
In addition tu-these, we may put down as
declared candidates, Hon.C. Svveelzer.Hon.
Wilson Shannon,. Hon. David. Todd. Hon.
Edeon 13. Olds, Hoiu H. C. Whitman, Dr.
Drake of Muskingum, Hon. M. Birehard, of
Trumbull add P. P. Lowe, Etj.,of Mont
gomery,' ,, ., J:, ; k, ... .;, .f . .... ;. ,
j Rvmawat , Slaves; A contemporary
shrewdly remarks that tho gauge' of the un
derground railroad appears to be' uniform
from the: slave States north- of Canada.
The Detroit Tribune says, that a gentleman
from Kentucky has ascertained that over
nine hundred fugitive slaves hud crossed the
forry at Detroit into Canada, within the last
twelvemonths. : . - . ...-f
Female Barber. In Albany they are
blest with a femalo barber, who. has ,"the
form 6f a Perir ahd Is a perfect paragon of
beauty." -She leans over a person's should
er while flourishing the cold steel in his face
with such inimitablo grace, and with such
magnetic influence, that beards have to bo
cut twice a day in the neighborhood of her
PolV',' ,..'-- V-
- Ths ilioH-BRtDGB. On Saturday, a train
of cars, With '200 passengers, passed over
the High Bridge across the Appomattox riv
er and bottom, -on .the Souths side (V-.)
Railroad r This magnificent structure is
120 fuet above the water, about half a- mile
in length, and it is aid'. to be, in every re
spect, wonderful work j ; ' ' :'-
CoujcTEnFEiT NoTEB.-Between two and
tliree hundred dollars in- counterfeit notes
were circulated in Lyncbburg.Va., on Tues
day, They were all twenties, purporting
to bo or the BanK of Georgetown, a. u.
Two men ware arrested, -
(tSAt Ashland, Ky., wn; the evening of
the lltb', dnnug a raWing match, two young
men'ouarreled about seven cents, when one
named Thornton Hool, stabbed the other
named Mank, through the heart, killing him
jnstantly. Hool made his escape. '
the wiirrEns i?r CAuronjeiA.
. The Saa Francisco Herald of Dec. 10,
tbua writes of the weather there :
. Tui WiKTEtt- Winter in California re-
seinblea spring more than winter at the east.
,rlc,,y 'peaking there ate but two seasons
on this coast the wet and the dry. The
first rains have fallen, and the green grass
already begins to sppesr upon the hills a
round San. Francisco. During the next four
weeks vegita'ion of all kinds will receive its
first impetus, and precisely at that period of
the year, when anything is buried in gloom
and desolatioo, on the Atlantic Seaboard,
when the trees are free of every leaf, the
fields of every verdure, and the little streams
choked in icy fetters, in this favored clime
hit. iii-iii iw Dion mm, iiieir - iiiih
L, Qf fibroug )8 crain, , ,we
.nd-sboot forth, and lhoforest ia done its
(deepest garments of green. January is
i the Anril of itieWest. and thn liilln
the flower begin to start from their
I,1! brif l"CB.'' adthe valloya look gayef
in the glomieet months on the east of the
Kocky Mountains. JNow we are enjoyinir
the "silver singing rainsof the young year,
whilst Ihe "sere haf," and the snow mantled
landscapes, are preaching their sermons of
death and desolation to our friends in our
early home.. , . , . -
- True, we miss the merry jingle of the
sleigh-bells, and the graceful gate of the ac
complished skaiter.' But we are at the same
time free from frozen noses, sad frost bitton
toes; from shivering in the morning and
trembling between the cold sheets at nighi ;
from coughs and catarrhs, pleurisies, and
consumptions. We have iu exchange for
these winter comforts, tome rain that we
can't deny. But when we remember that
the same puddle which swamped our boot,
will aid our mining friends to wash out half
a pound of gold; and that the same shower
which eut of the pedestrinal communication
between the northwest and southwest cor
ners of Cloy and Montgomery streets, will
enable tho dry diggers of El Dorado and
Mariposa to bridge it over with ingots, and
we are enabled to draw some comfort from
. . .
our inconveniences, anu return manas 10
Heaven that we are so much better off than
our New England cousins, whose blue nos
es betoken north winds and frosty morn
ings. ... -
Foundation of a Great Western City.
A letter from Council Bluffs gives the fol
lowing brief but intelligent description of a
place that is growing rapidly into impor
tance andwill eoon be a great city in the
Council Bluffs City is situated in Potta
watumie county, Iowa, and is the principal
ou'.filting and starting place for emigrants to
California, Utah and Oregon. Five years
ago its ajte was occupied by a few Indian
huts.' . Its present population is about fifteen
hundred. There are five railroads project
ing from the town to different pointB, and
the inhabitants claim that the only practical
route for a Pacific railroad is through their
place. Laborers', wages range from 75 to
$1 00 adoyand from twelve to twenty dol
lars per month. The neighboring country
is well adapted to forming purposes, and its
advantages, as well as those of Council
Bluffs, find an able advocate in the Western
Iiagle. From that paper of the 2d inst., we
clip the following :,' '
Sumo of our merchants soli fifty thousand
dollars worth of cood vearlv. Land that
was offered for three hundred dollars one
y ;ar ago, was sold soon after tho Land Of
fice was opened here for fifteen hundred,
and is now worth five thousand. Thell. W.
Miller farm sold in 1851 for seveu hundred
dollurs it is now laid oat in lots which sell
readily from one to five hundred per lot, and
still risinj rapidly -'in value. We have six
ferries across the Missouri in this vicinity,
ell nf which are prepared to cross emigrants.
Add to which the large business houses of
our cny, and the socret is told of our rapid
growth, ss well of the emigration centers
here to outfit, across the plains; and this sea
son our merchants have done a very good
business with the emigrants who 'lavt ro
turned from the Pacific across the plains.
Instead of taking tho graveyard route usual
ly taken by returned emigrants, via the Isth
mus, next season we may expect a much
larger return emigration, as , stations for
their convenience will be built by private
enterprise up to the Platte Valley. Coun.
cill Bluffs City is the half way station for the
commerce of the world. ' ' !
A Fearful Scene. The Dayton 'Jour'
nal describes the following fearful scene r
We were in conversation yesterday with
Mr. Marcus Mote, who was a passengor in
the Mail Train which was "run into" by a
freight train Jn tho Liltlo Miami Railway,
a few davs since.- He was seated near the
centor in the lest car, which. was full of pas
sengers. When he heard the engine thun
dering upon them, he jumped from his seat
into the aisle, just in time to be thrown
against tho roof of the tnr by the cow-catch
er, which plowed thrnueh the passenger car
cutting it asunder. When he camo down he
was stricken by the boiler, as ha supposes,
and knocked closo to the front door ; altho'
stnnned by striking bis bead against the roof
wheu tossed up uy the cow-catcner, tne
"firo in the rear" from-tlie bqilcr head re
stored him to consciousness, and he "tapped
off tho car without feeling any the wor.a
for his movements,,upward and onward."--Returning
immediately to render assistance
o those who wcte injured, lie found several
passengers tn a moslf'earful condition. R.
Corwin, Esq., of Lebanon, was lying under
the stove badly hurt ; Mr. Johnson, of Union
Village, wedged in so lightly among mo ru
ins, that he could not, be drawn out; and
young Mr. Pense, crushed as it seemed, to
death. A lady, just married, and who with
her husband had just started on a "bridal
tour,",appeared to be "in a dying condition,
while ber husband in knocking out the win
dow had cut his hand terribly with the glass.
Iu a few minutes all the sufferers wero re
moved from the car, and none were found to
bo dangerously injured except Mr. Pense.
The lady bad fainted, but was soon restored
and fears were expressed lest (ho wounds
on. the hands of her husband might bring on
the look -jaw.'' ' " - " W'
Growth of Miwnessota The Si. An
thony Express affords gratifying evidence of
the continued prosperity of Minnesota. For
instance, it is stated that a year since there
was only one bdilding from the western side
of Lake Calhoun to the western boundary of
Hennipin county. Now on the route of
of the Territorial road lately established,
farms aro to be soen tweoty-four miles.
The New York and Northanipton colonies
have mado these improvements.. Around
Minnetonka Lake twentyone -Dutch fami
lies have settled the past year, and have pro
ved Ihomselves to be good citizens and most
excellent farmers, . Some of them are quite
wealthy. The pringing Up of other "colo
nies" is also noticed, showing (hat thia in
fant State ia fast increasing in population,'
enterprise and wealth, . 1
The Mormnu Settlement nt Great Salt
Inke City, , .
The SiiniTUAt-WifE System. A cor
respondent of the Orcgonian,. who has just
made tho trip from Oregon to Utab, gives
the following description of the Mormon
settlements at Great Sail Loko City : . .
.After leaving Fort Hall, we had a pleasant
ride of two and a half duys to tho tir&t Mor
mon settlements and to water-melons! On
account of anticipated troubles with the In
dians the people have collected into forts, so
called, or villages of adobes built closely a
round a small plaza. Though tho absence
of wood makes the country look bare, vet
everywhere are the evidences of an indus
trious people, in the stacks of bay and grain,
jnd great piles of yc'dw some pumpkins,"
and Ibe abundance of other vegetables. The
absence of wood as building material,
gives tho bouses of utielit ami oiudxather a
hut lilio appearance; pig theae structures are
being rspldly.ieplsced by good adobe ed.fi
The city' has the look of a great collection
of small farms, each lot being large and cul
tivated in crops all having the airof rustic
plenty. 1 lie city is magnificently laid out,
with noble, broad streets, welt kept. The
etern, ragged mountains in tho distance,
seem to wall in tho valley, and separate the
Mormana, with all their doctrines, from the
rest of the world. They are building sn
adobe wall, fifteen feet high, around the ten
acre lot in centre of the town, iu which are
the foundations of the temple, and the com
pleted tabernacle or tneeling-bnuse, a plain,
large and neat room, holding 1500 to 2.000
people. . Tho Council House and Post Office
are pond stuccoed structures; all of theso
doing great credit to the energy of the peo
ple. . .
Brother Brighom livrs in a neat white cot
tage, with a "double coach hnusc," but is
building a fine new house. . There ia no
doubt of his having about thirty wives, and
that sometimes several'drilicm go to church
in sn omnibus, but as all these things are
part of a religious system, all things are con
ducted in order. I am stopping with a plain,
respectable family, the daughter of which,
a fine young woman, i one of the twenty
five spiritual wives of Kimball, the second
in command. She eays she does not per
ceive much differencctictween spiritual and
IIUKGABIAN- LoVg OF . KoSSUTlI. Mr.
Brace, who haa traveled through Austria
and Hungary, is -now lecturing on those
countries, In a' late Iecturo on Hungary,
he thus speaks of Kossuth end the Hunga
rians : . . - . . . . . -.
Next to their attachment to their country,
ie their attachment to Kossuth. It is car
ried even to a superstitious reverence among
the ignorant clauses. They believe that in
the spring he will come in the clouds with
army to deliver, them. All manifest this
wonderful feeling, for the exile, a personal
attachment Tor the great Magyar. . Kossuth
in Hungary and Kossuth in America are two
different men'. Ha haa remarkable versatil
ity of talent ; out he shines best in his ua-
tivo lanffuage. It is a crime for a Hunga
rian to possess portrait of him ; and there
is scacely a church in which prayers are not
continually offered op for him. Hi pres
ence at this time would raie a whirlwind of
revolution. A Magyar was imprisoned for
advocating the cause nf Kossuth, and aftor
having been whipped several lims, was
called to recant, when he said, "My back
belongs to tho Emperor, but niv heart to Kos
. , Tho Dcndof 1853.
The following among other distinguished
persons have died firing the year 1853:
Com. Charles W. Morgan, U. b. Navy;
Chas. H. Atherton, Ex. U. S. Senator;
Charles (. Atherton, U S- Senator;
Wra. Upham, Vt., V. S. Senatir;
Junius Smith, Pngector Ocean Steam Na
' vigntion; 1
Marshal Haynau, Austria;
Mrs. Abigail Fillmore;
Mrs. Elizabeth Cnse;
Wm. R. King, Vice President U. S.
H. B. Thomas, First Senator from III..
- Grand Luke of Saxe Weimar;
Ex-Chief Justice Jones, New York;
Col. W. W. S. Bliss, U. S. Army, -
Prof. John Farrar, Harvard University;
Prof. Andrew Norton. " "
Admiral Sir George Cockburn, England;
- Admiral Jamf s R. Daeres, England;
Sir Charles Napier, England;
Gen. James Tallmadge, New York;
' . M. Argo, the French Philosopher;
. Trielam Burgess, Rhode Island;
7 Queen Maria, Portugal; ;'
: Mrs. AmeJia Opio.; . . .-, '
' ' ' ' Stratagem or the Chinese. '
The China papers give the following ac
counts of successful and murderous strata
gems and other curious facts: V
One day last week part of the imperialists
were decoyed into tho city of Shanghae by
the east gale having bean purposely left opon
and a musician placed in an attractive posi
tion over the gate, playing on a" kind of fid
dle or guitar. On seeing tho enemy enter
the man feigned adrprise, bot, instantly re
covering himaolf. he said to them, "Oh !
come along, the soldiers have all fled." The
enemy bearing this rushed forward up the
street, when the insurgent immediately clos
ed the cuo-a and placed a cannon in front,
aud raked the stieots so effectually that the
imperialists were obligod to fly iuto the open
houses and by-streets, where they were in
stantly attacked by well armed men, who
put to death or took prisoners tho whole de
tachment. It la supposed that the twenty
live men who were decapited on Sunday last
were a portion of the force thus cleverly en
trapped within the city. ' ' "'
The insurgents, however, are sometimes
equally well caught, An ola' woman, who
kept an opium shop, enticed eighteen men
into an upper room outside the city wall, and
when her victims were atupified wiih the'
noxious fume, some armed, men entered
and killed the poor wretches thus cruelly
exposed to their attack. , ,", : ,;
The papers contain numerous proclama
tions, of course- One rebel chief begins by
saying that hia troops have from the begin
ning, committed no robbery or debauchery,
and that he has remitted the taxes in his dis
trict for three years.
' Mr. Reynolds, an Englishman, was cap
tured by the imperialists when he was aid
ing the rebels. They were talking of exe
cuting him. The British Consul refused to
interfere. ;- .'
i BriTONE Journey through the World.
An upright man, who, when disposingof
the produce ot his larm, maue n aa invaria
ble rule to give better measure than wae re
quired of him, was asked by a friend why he
did ao,as it would not oe to ma auvamuye.
He replied, "God has permitted me but one
journey through tba world, and when gone I
cannot return to rectify tnistakca.'
Saturday livening, Jfau. 21, tBJl
(rOne of the ablest discussions which
has taken place inthe United State Hi-nato
lor some time, "cum j ofP last week. Last'
year.it will be remembered, Mr. Clavlon.of ! "J , ? ?ulwr ,of lkne
Delaware, wa. ferocion.ly attacked i,y sJu-T,4'"! 'Z.tZ'l "? Ut
ator Dougla. and others, in regard U, what f""' '" Dec 29ih,coj, u.n. ooe.g.in.t
s.i . . It Ml All at DP null thjfl at. tin! Iktlf ntfsi at t ra .n
i lermea w, wayioo and Bulwrr Treaty-
made while the former was Secretary c
oiaie ana ine latter lintish Minister t this
country. It will olio be remembered by
those who crave attention to the subject t
that time, that Mr. Douglas and those of hi
party whoassaitsd Mr. Clayton, were bdlv
used up by that gentleman. The len.fcr of
the party feeling this, and not satisfied with
the position they occupied before the world
upon thi queitian, renewed ihe attack re
cently, and MC. Cos, the ablctt man they
have in the Senate, was designated to kill
Mr. Clayton ir. - Well tho bsttle his been
fought-, and the greet Locufneo champion
has tome out '4eeond best. Mr. Cs, al
though he haa been worsted" in uiaoy sr fo
rensic contest, was probably never as badly
"used op'' before. The senior editor of the
Cincinnati Gazelle, who heard the debate,
and who ia a good judge of such things,
writes as follow to bis paper in reference
to it: ' . - . .
The discussion in the Senate on the Clay
ton and Bulwer Treaty, hat been and is the
chief theme of-- conversation at present in
this city. - The sentiment i universal that
Mr. Cass ia a used up man, and Mr. Clayton
haacctneout of the fight with flying color.
The speech which he made yesterday in an
swer to the one by Mr. Cass the day before,
was perfectly terrific, and Mr. Cass showed
that he was undergoing the torments. ' He
tried to disguise bis pains, but the attempts
to hide only made more apparent the fact.
lie would frequently interrupt the gentleman
from Delaware, but every thing he said only
served to - give 3Ir. Clayton an opportunity
for laying on an additional stripe. -
The Senate adjourned before Mr. Clay
ton finished, they evidently thought that it
was ciuei to have Oenera Cass suUer sny
more at that time. I understand that for.
(J lav ton haa a mass of evidence and an ar
ray of facta yet in atore, which wilt make
even more apparent the distngeneousness
of Mr. ' Cass ia regard to the treaty,' and
which will cause him to the last hour of his
life to regret that be ever touched the ques
tion. ' -
When Mr. Clayton finished, the Senators
crowded around him and congratulated him
on his triumph. Mr. Cass remained in his
seat with none so poor as to dj him reverence.-
I shall not attempt to give any of
the points of the speech. The speech itself
willsoob be published, and the country will
then see how stands the case. A Senator
remarked to me ' last evening that Clayton
ought to be indicted for cruelty, and that it
was"uncoBslilutiona!"to inflict punishment
so severe. . .
' The Leoislatvbe. SsnaU-Mondjy morn
ing. The report' of the select Committee
on Rules being under consideration, a mo
lion was made to strike oat that part which
require a Standing Committee 'onJ.be evils
resulting from the traffic ia intoxicating
liquors." There . heing already a select
committee appointed to take charge of this
subject, the Senate struck out the clause.
An' attempt was made by Mr. Smith of
Madison, to amend the rule on the previous
question, so that, if the previous question is
sustained the fira vote shall be upon the
pending amendments in their order, snd
then upon the original proposition, with the
amendments if any are adopted. This sub
ject was debated at some length. The
House of Representatives at Washington
have adopted this course. But tho Senate
refused to change its operation, and the
rule as it stands will cut off all amendments
snd bring the vote directly on the original
proposition. The entire morning session
was spent in committee in consideration ot
In the House.the Commliteo of the whole
passed upon several bills. A significant
fact was elicited on a bill regulating build
in cr associations. One section provides that
parents might take stock for their children,
and married women might take by trustees,
ccc. n was " " .
ried women to subscribe stocK directly and
&c. It was amended so aa to authorize mar
in their own right. It ; was suggested by
some one that inasmuch as the husbands, by
law, were liahle for the debts of their wives,
such a provision might not always be pleas
ant, as their netter naives inigm suosnnoe
for more shares than they would find it con
venient to pay. This was rather a stumper,
and the whole matter was left - afloat by the
committee.' Women's rights triumphed, but
the victory, If of service, will require every
general chnnge in other laws. When it is
restored to ihe House the amendment will
probably fail. 7 '
Other bills were considered in committee,
till the hour of recess, bat nothing of impor
tance was done. --0. S. Journal.
A Curious Cass. The Cincinnati Sun
relate a curious case which has recently
come op before the - Crimiual Court of that
city.. It seems that about a year since Mr.
B. M. Irwin left that city for California.
During hia absence his wife procured a di
vorce from him, on the ground of a gross
neglect of duty on his part, which divorce
was .granted on tho . 13th. ult imo. On the
next day ber liuscnnd returned, and finding
the condition of, things, succeed in getting
the decree set aside. In the meantime,
however, his' wife had married a anolksr
m.ii nsmcd Weaver. Tho Question now
aeema to be, has Mrs. Irwin committed big
amy 1 Or if she , is the bonafide wile pt
Weaveri to whom ought her little daughter
to belong, to hcrselfor Mr. Irwin! .
TirroR Tat- "Mr. Timothy,", said a
learned lady, who had been showing off her
wit at the expense of dangler, "you remind me
of a barometer that is filled with nothing in
the upper story.' , "Divino Alinira," meekly
replied ber adorer, in thanking you for that
compliment, let me remind you that youoc-'
cupy my upper story entirely." " .
v ; - ' t j A Urnve Exploit.
'The Green Bay (Wis.) Adeerliser, of tne
15th, related krthe follow incident: .'
..Last week, "whilo Master Cotton, was en
gaged in the healthy -exuYcisa of skating on
Fox river, he saw a good seized dear with
spreading antlers,, laying on the ice, making
desperate efforts, to gel up and run away.
Charley quietly walked . to his father'
house, took sn ax, went back to the scene of
hostilities, put on his skatss and prepared
for action. ,.Aa he appoached, the buck at
tempted to rise and pitch into him, but Char
ley returned the charge with well directed
strokes from his weanou. Once the exs-
'peratod animal succeeded io galling up. but
after four or five' heavy blows, tpe "sincuen
deer' ley lifeless at hi conquetbr'e feet.. A
noble trophy for ft boy ten years of ago to,
bear away from the field of conflci.
For the Weekly Gaiette..
Th Othec Sipe. Mr. Editor: Though
nothing but a farmer boy, better fined to hold
the plough than the pen, I am disposed to
eA ... , " 7- f.'l"
It argues that no Ig.sluture has the right
to pit such law; Uiat it U a vijlatkiu of
the I'oiistituiioo j tn iofringeipenl on the
natural and iualieuable rights wbit h belong
to every human being. Idvlienable rijhU!
For south!" I have yet t. learn that man
possesses any right which way nut be alien
ated. That he bas natural inalienable rights
which no inaa ur law dare ult while he
pursue proper course of conduct, I readi
ly grant. But while I make this conces
sion, I fearlessly aaiertthat be eniova no
fight, the eift, of huer God . which.
(by an improper rour of conduct fee saay aot
ioricii; unless, liitleewVie exile iilroaell Uoro
society. But while he U a member of socie
ty be it government a Republic, a .Mon
archy, or patriarchal, if you please, bis praU
iny; about iatlieobU right means nothing.
If it be a violation of man' eouoiumional
rights it must be some one of the number
enumerated in the first Section of tfi Bill
of Rights" for that cover the whole g-ound.
And what art theyl "The right oi enjoying
and defendiug Ire and liberty, acquiring,
poessing, and protecting proprriy, and
obtaining hs,ipines and safety." Now who
does not know that. aryr one, or even all
of these right may be forfeited. ..
Life, the most valued of all these bles
sings we may be called to render up a an a
lonement for one death-dealing; blow. The
liberty to go when & where we wish; the un-
i restrained freedom of our person is loat when
we tarn burglar, aud f.rce an entrance in
to our neighbor's store or dwelling.. And
by. the sauis act we. are deprived of the
right and power of acquiring property. We
have a right to seek and obtain happiness
by i(It0 ,nJ in .ucll , manner oo)yf
.. .h.ll dn no ininr, ia thr. Pr..m th...
remark I think it follows clearly that man
has no right which may aot be forfeited by
its abuse. Now if it can be-bowo that the
sale of spirituons Liquor is an abuse of the
right to acquire property, or any other right,
it follows that the proper auihoritiea have
an undoubted right both to punish the abuse
and to prevent it ia future.. Now a the
use of Liquors duea actually produce
misery, crime and death, we mut conclude
there is a violation of duty, a perversion of
power, aa abuse of right some here be
tween the final effect and the starting point
of the causes producing that effect. Now
the first glass drank cannot be regarded aa
the begiuning of this lava-tide of death,
since the desire to take that glass must first
be produced. Admitting (lor the sake of
argument) that every man who becomes
drunkard, ha a natural inclination to drink,
a ilasire dating from hi very existence, and
knowing that it is only necessary to culti
vate develops thi desire, to destroy the
lite or Ibe min.euUil beggary aa bis fami
ly, and mar the peace of society," has not
government the - right, the indisputable
right to prevent the cultivation of that de
sire, by every means in its power, and es
pecially by means the most direct in their
effects, the most efficient in their opera
tion, and the least difficult in tb'ir execu
tion! . If it has nut, all government is a
farce is dissolved and man is free to live
without law, murder without restraint or
full himself by the. assassin's blade wilh no
hand to avenge bis blood. Prevent is the
word. Prevent Ibe cultivation of a desire
todriuk! to become drunk. All law, civil
or divine is based on the principle of pre
vention. Does it fine! it i to prevent the
necessity of fining! Does it imprison! It
ulo prevent imprisonment! Does it . take
life! It is to prevent the taking of .life!
Prevent by means the most direct, effi
cient and practical! When the law prevents
the traflic in liquor drag the fiery -serpent
from the public streets, the shelf, the coun
ter, beyond the gaze and beyond lha reach
of the tempted, does it not perform it work
directly, efficiently, practically! Even ad
mitting that every man who -becomes a
I drunkard, has a constitutional longing after
. ,. , . . , ;r,. .....
liquor, I think the right to inforce every
principle found iu ,'lhe M-iine Law (and fl
itters if necessary) ia clearly established.
But this admission is false. It is a well
known fact that the ae.ise of taste in its
natural and beakhj'coudiUoo, wilh intui
tive sagacity, aad lightning like rapidity
convey to the miud the solemn protest a-
gainst the swal owing of the . poison. If
this be the case, how shall we account for
the long train of bloated being hurrying
each other onward to the grave! It i pro- j
duced by a challenge to drink! A standing
temptation! The force of examples contin
ual ly before their eyes. A challenge, a
temptation by whom presented! To him
who has not already beeu drawn iuto the
vorlex, a friend who has bantered him to
drink a social glass; pledge or renew friend
ship over the sparkling wine-cup! He who
drinks, tempts him who doe pot. But who
tempts the tempter the drunkard! -.
Look vou st the loos roe of protruding
windows thrusting themselves upon the side
walks.exhibiling the clear and sparkling flu
id, rendered doubly enchanting by the bril
liant coloring pf the sun, or the well-trimmed
lamp within. Dure you say it i there
for snv other Durposa but to tempt the eye.
excite the appetite, and when templed, ex
cited todriuk, to gratify, to quench Ihe Cum
in? thiral? Ah! rather to "Drink, and drink
and yet be ever dry!',' Dae the merchant,
the shopkeeper haug out his good, and ar.
ranse his wares so as to catch the eye, mere
ly, for show! Do they not do it to uwuce
men to buy them! To persuade them to pur
chase 1 .Does not the rum merchant do let!
And if he tempts, induces, persuades men to
come and buy, even though it be eimply by
an .exhibition of his goods, is he not the in
stigator, the author of the evil that may fol
low 1 The dram-shoo is the awitber, the
nurse, the exhauslless fountain of astreamof
vices, misery and deathf a raging whirlpool,
Which, when within the circling eddy, the
tremulous whirl drives os In and in, till at
lastve drink and die. 'B'it," says Tbamfr
Davis "the drunkard ie guihy; punish him.
Morally, he is indeed, guilty; but shall we
sanction, protect and thu encourage schools
,.t ;,., n,ii ih lure made him so! Rath
er let us prevent. This is the object of all I
law: And we are not without preceuenuj.
Look at the act for the auppression of gamb
ling. Doesthelaw wait until, by a. long
course of training we become habitual gam
blers, before it interferes! Or does it strike
at the gambler only L No it enters the ui
pected house, seizes, confiscates, &. fines the
keep'erthereof, though he may have nevtr
played a game in his life' -And why t ,
Be'cauae he encourage gambling by Veep
irig such house; and because the suppres
sion of gambling houea, is the most effeet
.it'wv nf cunnressini? famblinff itself. And
may the law justly ley Its band oa the keep
er of a gambling bonsr, and yet dare slot
touch the krep-f of a doggery Is the Ut
ter less fatal to the victim. Iras imperious U
society, U-m oppose) to all that humaalsea,
refines and elevate rase, or give stability
and permanence to homaa Severn me a If Oa
the contrary, the ery reverse of .thia ie lb
case, and yet many men who ory uncos sti
tutional, unonstitulinasl. wheat we talk a
boot a"Hrohibit4ry Liquo Lawt have aot
one word of eppoeitiusi U the very lamtfrim
cipU sppliod in the tame manner aad with
the tame object (to prevent not punish) wbe '
directed against eambli f. What! do right
to pas a prohilittnry law I Is not the gasnk
ling law prnbibitory. Parental, govereraeet
prohibit, prevent, where it os puoibea
when it mtu) and whfa civil government
ceases to act tp thi principle, it become
a vast engine for the inflielioa of paia, a
diaboliaal ana Moody a tne epauish Inqnt-
aition. . . -. r . i- I. P,
Cosvictiub astSeiiacB -? Pabi.
We copy from Ibe Akron Bfitm an account
of the cloalog scettee in'the tria'. of the mur
derer Pvks. ,We leao that althooKh Ibe
Jury took "some aix fauur to examine the vo
lomiaona testimony in thee-, at the con
eluioa not a doubt xpre(f as to the
guilt oftlte prisoner. .The testimony- was
"confirmation strong as holy writ;" .
Judge Huuiphreviile gave hie charge (o
the Jury about 3 o'clock, oa Monday. ' At ft
little put eight, after a deliberation of about
six honrn, the Jery returned a verdict of
GUILTY.- Parka listened to the verdict
with the same unshaken firmness which he
bad exhibited through the trial. The charge
of Judg H. Was a very clear, plain, impar
tial and onosientatioa delineation 6f the
law applicable to the case. . r- .
At ten minutes before 3 (Taeeday, P. M.)
the prisoner, Park, was brought into Court,
and Judge Humpbreville proceeded to pass
sentence upon him ia aarly the tollowiog
"James Parks Yoa have been indicted
and tried for the murder of William Be a ton.
You have bad the benefit of able coaasel;
(the prisoner here moetngaiflcantly odde4
his assent) they have brought to your de
fense a most laborious, estate aad search
ing examination of the evidence against yew
aod the most careful snd earnest preecnla
tiua of whatever coold be produced ia yoar
behalf. Te all thia the Jary have give
moot patient and diligent atuatioa; aad
tbey have come to the conclusion, that yoa
are guilty, aad with this verdict the eoort ia
satisfied. Aad now what have yoa te aay
why the sentence of tbe law ahoald not he
pronounced against yoa." ;
"May it pleajte your Honor I bare the
best reason ia the world why -seateaee
should not be pronounced opon me: bat (
hsve said through my counsel, whateve I
bad to aay ia air defease: and having
through there made say defense so far a it
went, in a statement ia which I epoke tbe
truth and thi whole truth, I have nothing
more to add. " -;.- k - '.-.
. The prisoner here eat dowa, hot inataotly
recollecting himself rose Bp.
Judge Homphrcvitlf resumed
"It is a must painful duty to pronounce
opon yon the sentence of the law. But
having given full ''consideration to every
argument urged against tbe discbarge of
this duty I find nothing to convince me that
I should nut now proceed to disrbarre it;and
the sentence of the law therefore ia.thet you
be taken hence to the jail of the conn ty .and
there safely kept till the 2th day of May
next; fbeinsr the fourth Friday ' of that
month,) and that then Too be take thence
to the place of 'execution aad banged by
the neck until yoei are dead."
Tbe Judge, the prisoner's ' counsel, and
many of the spectator seemed wrung7 with
irrepressible anguish; but the prioaer
thro ighout the while.kept hia countenance
unmoved. - - ' -
Go to Chbich. It ia the doty of parents
to see that their children attend the pablie
worship of Almighty God oa the Sabbath.
Nothing acts more unfavorably on the moral
habits and rharacter of n individual than
habitual absence from ths house of God.
We donotet the part -of good parent
while we leave osr families unprovided Tor la
this reaped. No neighborhood ot sasnaa.
oity can long have a healthy state of morale
unless it has an altar erected tothe worship
of the ruler of the Universe. - '
Prosi Havawa. The United States mail
steamer Isabel arrived at Charleston on the
15tb inst., but brings no political ewe of.
importance. The new . Governor General
bad issued order to set free the emancipated
negroes in from ten to fifteen daysw - Bia
op Hughes arrived at Havana on the 8th-,
The Mississippi Sebatoe. It was rumor
ed in Waahinerton. on Saturday, that Jef
ferson Davia had beeu elected Senator from
Mississippi. , "- ' .. . .
. Union BeisteadOnt friend D. K. Fuebel
has purchased the right to manufacture aad
sell in 'this county, Taylor's self-cording
bedstead. Ita peculiar style and simplicity
of construction, makes it a bedstead to be
preferred above all other now; la use, had
ia so constructed, thst mi pulling (t up, en
end rail and one side rail becomes locked by
the straining of tbe cord, while thsk other
end and aide rails sre free. It ia also for.
nUhed wilh a Pall and Ratchet, by which
means tbe whole of therope may be tighten,
ed at pleasure, and in case of aeeessity the
bedstead can betaken apart and put togeth
er in one or two minute.', Call and see it.
' iVinne House. W take great pleasure
in directing the" reader's attention to tbsj
Card of Ma Winne, which, we jmbhah U
another column. The toteriorerrengeraent
of thia House is very complete, being fitted
up in the' most' approved modern style.
The proprietor ie gentlemanly and obliging,
snd the superintendent Uav-oothUig On
done to make their guests feel perfectly at
home. We recommend this House la those
of .our ciliieii who vuit tbe Qaeer City.
Accident. TUI afternoon about three o'
clock a porti on of Ihe ceiling In the Post of
fice tell down, alighUy. .injuring Mr, .Tut- .
bill, who wee writing at hia desk., Ileal It
fell in the night aeaaon ft wonldJn all proba
bility .Have knocked our friend Koch noon
into pi, falling a It did, oo hi bed, y,,.-. v-t
A Race. A race came off thi afternoon
on the pike, some two miles from the city,
between a paciog mare of Mr. A. I erry a
aud a trottlngmare of some gentleman from
Pennsylvania. Mr. Perry pacer came out
some distance ahsad. ' We ooderstand t;it;
bet to the amoont of tout hundred doLrn
were made , ' ' ' '". ' " ' K