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H j i i n
11 'J JI
Tuf li H
NEW SERIES VOL. 1.
tytWtt Wi) Giizfilf.
CtfY OF LANCASTER:
rUBU SHED EVERY THURSDAY MoXNINO
f. S. SLAUGHTER. EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR
OFFICE Old Public Biilding South-east corner
of the Public Square.
Tex Ms $1,75 per annum in advance.
Thursday Kveniiiff, Feb. 9. ISSf
A breit or a Murderer. A man by the
namssfJ.E. Berth , baa bssn arrested at
Evapsvill, In liana, charged with the rhur
dtr of a man in Mississippi. lie belongs to
a wealthy and highly respectable family.
About two years ago, he had a difficulty with
a son of Gen. Bingham, of Mississippi, a
celebrated sportsman; add Silled htm. He
fled to South America, but vestured -heme
again before hie identity wag" fergo'tteBtr
He confessed himself the man, ae soon as
arrested, aad was taken back, where, a re
ward of $1,000 was offered tor him.
Marriage oh a Railroad. A few mo
ments after the express train from Boston
to Albany crossed the Slate line, on Thurs
day afternoon, the passengers were agree
ably surprUsd at witnessing the marriage
f Mr. Wart Arnold, of Canaan Four Cor
kers, to Miss Mary Brazse. The ceremony,
says the Troy Whig, wss performed by the
Rev. Mr, Shaw; and the passengers present
ed a purse to the groom for the purchase of
a piece of plate for the bride,
v A Large Estate. It ie estimated that
the estate left by the Hon. T. II. Perkins, of
Boston, will amount to $1,600,090. By his
last will, the sum of $600,000 is to be equal
ly divided among his six surviving children,
and $100,000 is given to the heirs of a de
ceased son. His five married children and
a grandson are the residuary legatees. He
makes bequests to" his two sisters and other
- relatives, but during his lifetime made all
the donations he intended for public institu-
' lions. ' ' ' ; '
Immense Flock of PioeobS. A pigeon
roost ten miles long by five broad, in Frank
lin county, Indiana, it is said, is new swarm
ing with pigeons. The roar of their wings
on arriving and departing from the roost is
tremendous, and the flocks, during the
flight, darken the heavens. The ground is
covered to the depth of several inches with
their manure.' "Thousands are killed by
casualties from breaking limbs of trees, and
hundreds of hogs live upon them.
Extension or a Bounty Laud Acr.--The
lime far issuing and locating certain bounty
land warrants for military service In the
war of 1812, under several acts of Congress,
having expired on the 36th of June last, an
Act has been passed by both Houses grant
ing a further term of five years for satisfying
the same. This will relieve from suspens-
- Ton msny casee now pending in the Pens
! lor! o'ffice, and render available for sale or
"location many warrants already issued.
The Bedim f Demonstration in Boston.''
Bishop Fitzpaterl.-!?, of Cotton has publish
ed a card in t elation to the fate demonstra
tion in that cit against M. BeJfni, in which
he says the affair has been. greatly mignifi
J to the injury of ths good character of
the city; He doubts Whether any efligv
was burned oft the Common, as has been
stated.. He alao s'ayss'
The whole crowd certainly did not exceed
two hundred men and boys. Several of mv
good friends and neighbors in Franklin place
estimate them at a similar number, and say
there were one hundred and fifty. From
this number should be deducted an uncer-
tain but not inconsiderable portion, com
posed of persons who, happening to to in
' the streets at that hour, follewed the pro
, cession simply out of curiosity, to see and
kiYcfv what might be done.
" This' deduction made, there might remain
; 100 or at the most a hundred and fifty, men
and boys, who,' by great efforts, continued
during two weeks and over, had been guth
.. ered out of all the wards of Boston and all
the adjacent cities, with a will to shew dis
respect to me or to the illustrious stranger
who was erroneously supposedto be my
guest at the time.
1 need not argue upon the fact thus analys
ed. The inferences, so far as they concern
the feelings and dispositions of my fellow
citizens of Boston, are obvious and prove
general spirit, equally consoling to me and
.honorable to them. -
, A Treasury Robbed. The Kenton Re
jiublican, of the 27th, gives us this item:
On the nisht of the 25th the office efthe
Treasury of Hardin county was broken in
Co, and a skeleton key manufactured, in the
office, ky which the safe belonging to the
county was unlocked, and $2,769 stolen.'
There was in the safe at the ' time $7,280
but the Treasurer had placed in a scrap
book $3,516, which was overlooked by the
camps. The skeleton key and several piec
of block ten were left in the room.
' Flour in Boston. The Boston Traveler
learne that the fleur dealers, some of them
ere reduced to the necessity of receding from
the high prises which they hare attempted
to establish for lhatataple article of food
It ie stated that there are not lose than
.106,000 barrele of fleur new Jn the bands of
dealers in Boston.
Omnibuses . on Sunday. An omnibus
: proprietor at Pittsburg fs about to be sued(
t Is said, for violating the law against om
' tubuses running on Sundays,. in conveying
a number of roeidente in Lawrenceville, at
.. their urgent request, to and from church.-
iKTBedini wae burnt in effigy on VVednee.
day evening, at Albany, in front of ths Cap
itol Park-a, rumor having obtained circu
lation;, that "the Nuncio" had arrived in
' town that evening, from the West.
... V' , i ' l i. i ;i ' I
Tut Cincinnati Hoo Mareit. The to
tal number of hoge packed in Cincinnati
season is 597,023 head. This ie an ex-.
fll otef tM( iMn ,i ?-"." .-" .
The Late Telegraph Decision A cor
respondent of the New York Herald, in car
reeling several gross errors which have been
published in regard to the late important de
cision by the Supreme Court of the United
States, in the case of Morse vs. O'Rielly
in rcfering to a statement that the decision
makes valid the Bain and House patents,
"Instead of this beinr true, it is a very
great error, ihd certainly could riot have
been written by any one who heard the de
cision. There was never a more complete an
nihilation than was that of the liuin .sys-
em The court were uaanimous ssainst
the principles of the Rain patent.' There
a not left a mantle of gauze to clothe its
form. The decision extincuishsd it from
the face of the earth. ' As ti the House sys
tem, the court was not so pointed, as it was
not so blended iu the case as to requiro the
court to render a decision touching . Its in
fringement. The , friends of Moriie are
more sanguine than ever that the House
system does infringe on Murse. , They re
gard ths confirmation of the soven claims,
as they now stand m connection 'With the
patent of 1846, as ampte'"and complete a-
gainst the House telegraph, and persume
there will be but little delay in testing the
question in New York or Pennsylvania
courts." .! ,
rVrWe see it noticed, that at a lall an
nual meeting of the American Colonization
Society, held in the city or Washington, it
was staled that General Bell, of Tennessee,
after liberating 3d slaves, giving thtm an
outfit and paying their passage to Liberia,
was ready to liberate 80 mere, and pay half
the necessary expenses of sending them to
Liberia and supporting them six months, if
any one could be found to p'oy the other half
of the expenses. - The next day a note was
received by th Sec'ry of theAinerican Col
bjiiEatioft Society, from the Hon. William
Appleton, announcing his fsadiness to con
tribute the required . sum $2,400. These
negroes are iron workers, and. are represent
ed as a remarkably intelligent, capable, and
valuable company of colonists. Such an
act of liberality, is a substantial evidence of
a deep interest in the weltare of the slave
and a judicious expression efthe trus spirit
of chanty. - .
After many years of experimental cul
tufe in Cincinnai! and neighboring counties,
grape cullurejis at length becoming profit
able. By a rocent communication in the
Columbian of that, city, we learn that within
a circle of twenty mites around Cincinnati
there are 1200 acres planted with tliovine,
800 acres of -which were in bearing last
year, , and produced an average of 400 gal-
ons of wine to the acre, making an sssre-
gate of 350,000 galkris. Some of the best
vinyards yield 900' and 800 gallons to the
acre, but others where the "rot" prevailed
did not average over 150 gallons per acre.
The season has been very favorable, and the
crop I riusually large. . The new wine sells
st 1 to $1,10 lor the best, 75 to 00 cents for
second quality and 40 to 50 cents per gal
lon for inferior. The average yield for a
series of years, may be safely estimated at
200 to 250 gallons per acre, from the vin
yards in the vicinity. -
"Who Made You!" One of the Indies
connected with the "Methodist Five Points
Mission," who has under her charge some
thirty little boys, called them together on
in their answers to questions which she in
tended to put to them before the . visitors
during the afternoon. After arranging them
properly, the first boy on (he ri"ht, in an
swer te the question, "who made yon1!." was
to ssy,"God;' the next, "of what were you
made!" to reply; "'the dltst of the earth,"
and so on through the catechism. The all-
important moment havingarrivsd, the little
shsvers" were told to stand up. The little
hesdboy.it seems, was missing; but the
fact being unnoticed by the ttacbsr, she
proceeded with the question, "who made
youT' whFch elicited th'e following laugha
ble answer: "1 was made out of us dirt of
the 'ert; bul the little feller what God
made has get the bellyache.and goae home,
fttu) loot Mirror.
FtooB in tne ST. Lawrekce. A large
body of ice was dammed up in the neigh
borhood of the St. Ksgis Indians, the other
day. When it gave way, it was forced over
the banks, carrying destruction with it in
to the doemed village, sweeping timber,
rocks, houses and everything else before it.
The result was that,' a midnight, the In
d' answers driven out of their dwellings
and their cattle and provisions dsstroyed.
Many, with the temperature at 30 degrees
Below zero, had to swim for their lives.
The American Indians, as soon as the ca
lamity was known, went te the aid of their
brethern and gave them shelter.
Clowino the Ice. Several experi
ments have been mode within the past three
or four days to see whether it may be prac
ticable to open a channel across the river
fot the terry boats, by blowing up the ice
with powder. A two gallon keg, filled
with powder, was sunk to the depth ot 12
or f4 feet, near the Illinois shore, eppoeite
Pine street, and it was fired by niesns of a
blasting fuse, run through a csppcr tube.
The explosion produced no effect except
crscking the ice for some distance around,
and making a loud report. Another attempt
was mado on this side ol the river, with lit
tle be .ter success. Si. Lotiis pdper.
Methodist Church Law-Suit, NoRTtf
and South. It is well known that the
New York Commissioners and the Commis
sioners of the Church South by the arbitra
tion of Judge McLean, agreed 0n a division
ef the funds of the New York Book Con
cern, without appealing to the Supreme
Court of the United States. Such is not
the case with the Cincinnati Book Concern,
which will take the case, so far as it ia con
cerned, to the Supreme Court, the South
ern Commissioners havingrsfused to accede
to the propositions made to them by the
Western Commissioners. , .-
OyThe Erie Rrailroad Company, it is stat
ed, have leased the Canandsigua and Niag
ra Falls road permanently. This will unite
the Great Western Railroad of Canada with
the Erie. The converting roads all have
the guage of the Erie, six feet.
Hob Packing on the Mississippi River. -Returns
from 13 points' on the Mississippi
river, show that 66,000 hogs have been
killed this season against 78,460 last season .
The Upper Mississippi and . Illinois rivers
together, it ia aaid, will fall 100,000 to 120,
00Q head short of last season. .
, Salute. Several Russian officers visited
the Portsmouth (Va.) Navy Yard and the
United Slate ship Pennsylvania, en Wed
nesday last, and wars received with the usu
al honor and salute. The object of their
visit te tni country is to examine our ships
and to .purchase, vessel for their navy.
LANCASTER, OHIO, THURSDAY M01 X!
Mr. Gadsden's Opinion or Santa Anna
Mr. Gadsden, on hie return from Mexico;
visited Charleston, S. C, where be commu
nicated to the editors of the Charleston
Courier a good deal of information respect'
ing liie treaty just negotiated by him with
Mexico. This information, which has been
published, is perhaps the most reliable of
any which bae bien given to the public on
the subject. Tli following extract from
the Courier's etatement will give the reader
Mr.Gadsden's idea of Santa Anna:
"Gen. Gadsden has brooarht with him
admirable engraved portrait of Santa Anna,
in gorgeous apparel and military costume.
Gen. G. report him in appearance (and -specially
in forhesd) and manutr, to b net
unlike Daniel Webster, end a man of great
address and bntlrlng industry snd energy.
He always found him prompt and courteous.
Whatever of evil there may have been in hie
early habits, he thinks he ha entirely cor
reeled them; and, a a public spirited states
man, he ie new devoting his. energies and
talents to the affaire of .Stats and fcsUoler
ests of his country. He has already sup
pressed, by decrees, the hitherto great pas
sion ethis people for tramblinr. ard no one
has bsen more successful then he, in his
measures for arresting highway robbery.
He has many of the htcrli ridalitiee of the
General and Civilian, and the vicissitudes
through which he has passed, and the diffi
culties he has surmsunted, shew that he is
do ordinary man."
Gambling among the Germans. Grant
in his "Records of a Run through Continen
tal Europe," portrays with fearful vividness
the power which the vice of gambling ex
erts over the minds of the German people,
even among the higher classed. The wri
"I have seen the roulstto tables surround
ed by some of the most elegantly dressed
and fascinating women I ever met with.and
under twenty-five years of nge. -I have
seen them, moreo' er, risk and. lose their
money In large snms. Shall I give one
instance that persons of respectability, and
ladies, too gamble at Baden! Why should
I hesitate to make a specific allusion! The
thing was done in the presence of hundreds,
and.would have been so had there been thou
sands to witness it. I stood there by the
side of the Countess Nesselrode not the
countess of the distinguished Rnssian diplo
matist of that name, but the countess of his
nephw,'who .was lately sent to England by
the Czar, with Important . documents and
pronosition relative to the Turkish question
I stood by hsr side while she . played for
and lost considerable sums for sh .had
what is called a run of ill luck. They all
stand while ploying; and this distinguished
Russian countess, dressed in a style ol sur
passing splendor, was there among the
crowd, treated exactly in the same way as
if she had been a person of no note. During
the time of play not a word is spoken by ei
ther party. All are mute, as if they had
lost the power of speech."
Thriluno Incident. At a temperance
meeting in Philadelphia, aoniB years. agoj
a learned clergyman spoke in favor of wine
as a drink, demonstrating it quite to hig
own satisfaction to be spiritual.gentlemanly
and healthful.' When the clergyman set
down, a plain elderly man arose and asked
tne uueriy oi saying a ic.v wurua. rcr
mission being granted, he spokes ai fo!
lows: - .
"A youne friend of mine . (said he) who
had lonz been intemperste,was prevailed on
to the joy el his friends, to take the pledge
of entire abstinence . frorA all that cc'uld in
toxicate. He kept his pledge faithfully for
some time, thoffgh the struggle with his hab
it was fearful, till one evening, in asocial
party, classes of wine were bunded., round
They came to a clergyman present, who
took a rlass savin? a few words in vindi
cation of the practice "Well," thought
the young man-, 'if a clergyman can take
wine, and justify it so well, why not I?'
So he took a ulass. - It Instantly rekindled
his fiery and slumbering appetite; and after
a rapid donward course, he died ef delirium
jemens a raving madman I" The old man
paused for utterance, and was just able to
add "That young man was my' only son
nnd the clergyman was the Reverend Doctor
who had just addressed this ar'serhbly!"
Don't Sell Your Best Stock. Don't
allow those speculators or drovers te pick
out the likeliest and best of your stock,
leaving yeu only the poorest and ordinary to
brstd from. . It is the worst policy you can
adopt. By continuing such a course, it will
be but a short time before yog will have on
ly poor and ordinary, to select from. Sup
pose you can get a' little moro fer those
likely lambs than for others, you will do well
to remember that it costs no more to keep
them than it does poor ones, an I next shear
ing t(me the Urge fleeces will tell the story
in favor of Keeping the best you have. -
If you intend to make it a practice of rais
ing a colt every year, keep the best mare
you can afford. Havn't you noticed that
when a man comes to' purchase., a young
horse he is always particular to know all a
bout the stock,, etc., before he concludes
histndel Keep ths best, then,' lor your
self. ., . ,
. Don't cell your best cow because you can
get five dollars more for her. keep ber snd
she will more than make up the difference
ere another year cornea round. Just so with
everything. Select the best seed for your
own use, aud you wilt always nave a good
as any one, and be sure sf ths highest prices'
for any yeu wish' to dispose of. Think of
it.. ; - - t:
The Slave Trade. Eleven vessel are
fitting out in different parts of Cuba for the
coast of Africa, toengsge in the slave trade.
It is said that seven vessels have sailed from
Boston, Baltimore and New York, within a
few weeks with the samp intention.
" (KrI "do by no nicuqs advise . yeu to.
throw away yeur time, in ransacking, like
a dull antiquarian, the minute and unimpor
tant parts of fabulus times. Let block
heads read what bKlekheads wrote. Ci
ter field. -
lis who comes from ths kitchen, smells
of its smoke; he who adheres to a sect, ha
something of its cant: the eollege air pur
sues the student; and dry inhumanity him
who" herd with literary pdants. Lava ter.'
Indianapolis. It 1 said that sixty trains
ot cars per day arrive and depart from Indi
anapolis, Ind. Only think of that sixty
trains per day in a town of only filteen thou
sand inhabitants. ." ::
OirTbere were 36 death in. Norfolk dur
ing December;, lOwere colored person.
I'rlday r.ventns;, Feb.10,1.
A Fairy Wire. A merthaat marri
Falrt. - f te was so manlv, so earnest
energetio and so loving that her heart
constrained towards lum, and she fra v
her heritage In the Fairyland to accept
lot ot woman. , . :
Thev were married: they were happy ;atd
the early month glided away liko thsva
ishing pageantry of a dream.
Deters the year wa over lie bad returned
to his affairs, they were important
pressing, and occupied mere and roof f
his time. !nt everv evening u ha hn. ?,.
ed back to ber side she felt the weerine m
absence more than repaid by the light tif Ms
presence. She sat at his feet, and taiii' to
him, snd prattled away the remnant of cat
that lingered In his mind.- - . j :
But his csres multiplied. The happiness
of many families depended on bint, ilt af
fair were vast and complicated, and t!y
kept him longer sway from her. All lb
day, while he was amidst bis bladeS of Mer
chandise, she roamed along .the banks tf a
eeqnastered stream, weaving bright fuscy
pageants.or devising fairy gsities wilh . tilth
to charm hie troubled spiriu. A bright son-
oy beihg.shc comprehended nothing of care.
Life was abounding In her. She knew, not
the disease of reflection; she felt not the
perplexities of life. To sing and to laugh
to leap the stream and becken him to leap
after her, as he used to in the eld lover
dsys, when she would conceal herself from
hiin in the folds of a water lilly ts tantal
ize & enchant him with .s thousand coquet
ries iris was her idea of bow they should
live; and when he gently refused to join
ber in these childlike gambels, aad told her
of the serious work that awaited him, she
raised ber soft blue eyes to him in baby
wonderment, not comprehenaing, with a
sigh, because lie Said it.
She acqniesced.but a soft sadness fell up
on her. Life to her was love; snd nothing
more. A soft sadness slso fell upon him.
Life to bim Was Love, and something mere;
&. she saw wih regret that she did not com
prehend it. The wall of Care, raised by
busy hands, was gradually shutting him out
from her. II she visited lum through the j
day she found herself a hinderonee snd re
tired. When he came to her at sunset he
came preoccupied. She sat at his feet, lov
ing his anxious face. He raised tenderly
the golden ripple of loveliness that fell in
ringlets on her neck, and kissed her soft
beseeching eyes; but there was a something
in his eyes, a remote look, ae if his soul
were afar, busy .with other things, which
made her little heart almost burst with un
comprehending Jealousy. .
She would steal up to him at times when
hs was absorbed in calculation, and, throw
ing her arms around his neck, woo' him from
his thought. A smile, revealing love in its
very depths,' would brighten his anxious
face, as for a moment he. pushed aside the
world, and connected all his being in one
happy feeling. ... .
.She. could wfrf morrien'ts. from him, she
could hot win his life; she could charm, she
could not occupy him! The painful truth
came slowly over her as the deepening
shadows fall upon a sunny day until at last
it is night; night with her stars of infinite
beauty, but without the lustre and warmth
of day. ,
She drooped and pn her couch ef sickness
her keen sighted love perceived through all
his ineffable tenderness, that same remote
ness in his eyes, which proved that, even as
he sat there grieving and apparently absorb
ed in her, there still came dim remembran
ces of care to vex snd occupy his soul. .
"It were better I were dead," she
thought; "I am not good enough for him.''
Poor child!,. Not good enough because
her simplejnatare knew net the manifold
perplexities, the . hinderaqces of incomplete
Iifsf Hot good enough, because her whple
life was centered in one whose life was
And so she breathed herself away, and
left her husband to all his gloom of care,
made, ten fold darker by fh absence of those
glesrhs of tenderness which before fitfully
irradiated life. The night was startless,and
: Melancholy Effects or the Spirit De
lusion. We have a painful duty in record
ing the necessary arrest and confinement of
two of our most worthy citizens father and
son yesterday afternoon. Tho futhcr has
bsen for sometime, a believer in that most
dangerous, humbugging delusion, and an at
tendant at circles, where the spirits, medi
ums. &c. were sunnosed to be present.
The son soon became a believer also, and
both became deranged and dangerous to
their fumiles. Yesterday, violence was man
ifested,' when the Dial., Alty. together with
the Sheriff and some help,, removed the un
fortunate persons,' and they are now con
fined to prevent their inflicting injury upon
themselves and their families, while the
wife, the mother arid the daughter are brok
en hearted at the condition of the husband
and son. Have not those conductors of
the pres3, and one, of unusual, almost un
paralleled circulation much to answer ' for,
in the encouragement their columns hsve
given to a doctrine so dangsrous, and which
has already brought many inmates to a Lu
natic Asylum? The eentleman from whom
We obtained, the Information,, describes the
removal of the two men, as the most heart-
rending scenes he had ever witneased; the
mether, while she wept bitterly at the re
moval ef her husband and the father of her
sen, felt that those engaged in the melan
choly task, were doing a kindness; while the
daughter's cries, were echoed through the
house at the removal of her father and her
brother to be confined not for crime, 'tis
true, but what is next to it, for less of reason.
: Jlf 7. Sentinel. .
fT We would like to give eur leaders a
connected sketch ef the doing of the State
Legislature, but cannot do so, owing to the
irregularity in the r'eceipt'pf our Columbus
papsrs, none ef which come in regular or
der, and some of which never corns at al!.
Piq. Reg. ,
It would be a hard task friend Defrees, to
"connect that which in itself has no connec
tion:" but by doins so, you would accom
plish a feat that "all the world, the restef
mankind" and the Legislature itself not ex
cepted, have been trying to do for the past
six week. The man who succeeds in per
forming this truly, wonderful feat should be
elected the next Governor of Ohio in part
payment for his services to the State and
End or the Kissane Case. Ths Cincin
nsti Qaiette of to-day, eayst "Yesterday
afternoon, William Kissane wae admitted to
$10,000 bail to appear at the present term
of the Criminal Court.. Samuel Smith and
George V, Shurragar, securities. Hi trial
will take place about the last week of the
term.". ' . '. V . i -'
We take it the case ie disposed of by
this matter of Admitting him to bail, Jour.
NG, FEBRUARY 16, i85 i
0-3r" Woman' mission" is thus beautiful
!y draws by a truly woman!? hand:
To stop the flawing tesr, , .
To check the rising sigh, - .
Is woman's holy mission; - .
- A spirit from a purer sphere; .
To lead ue to ths ky. '
; The weak overthrow the strong,
'. When woman leads ths wsy,
. . Aad gentle influences throsg
, " Around her presence, to prolong
- : The ble.sing of her sway.
Sweet Mier virgin mil,
".'' Brightje ber love-lit eye;
.., And purer and true, and free from euile,
The thought maternal, which the while,
Bespeai the mother nigh. .
But still more pnrely bright
Do womsn'A virtues blend,
Wben.like the stars which gerotht flight;
They mske the Orphan's pathway bright,
And prove the Orphan's Friisd.
Never be Idle. The Rev. AdTin Clarke,
an eminent Methodist divine, whose com
mentary on tb Bible is universally known,
waa accustomed to say, that the old proverb
as having too many irons in the fire, was
false, fer that 'a man couldn't have too
many.' Shovels, tongs, poker, keep them
ail going, he added, by way of illustrat;on.
The Doctor was right. Not that a man
ought ever to undertake more than he can
manage. This wa far from being the
meaning of the old preacher. He now im
plied that a man could perform more labor,
ana Deiter, u ne aiversmea nis pursuits a
little. His own experience was an illustra
tion in point. One part of bU life was
spent in riding from village to village, in or
der to preach, while the intermissions.when
they occurred, were devoted to hard study, f .j.lersbly inore than this sum. It does not
instead of to idle rest Afterwards, he be- : change the fact by cpming in, and contend
ers me an employee of Jhe government, his jing. atlj provmg that it was drawn aceerdin"
duty being to decipher old records but hejt0,w. Thllt mnket , jIJgtificatioDi Uu"t
still continued his habit of relaxing his mind, ; joe, not make tfie cnar f a fauehood. Wben
not uy a ioi cessation oi siuoy, oui py a
change to a different subject. He lived to
a good old age, and thus proved that he was !
right, end that idleness is never, or rarely j
necessary for health. . . I
W often hear mechanics, working men !
and even merchants.complain that they have
nojlime to read. Tljey linn k,t hat having la
bored all day, they require rest in the even
ing; and on this ground justify idleness, at
that time, if not card playing, convivial
meetings, or other pretended relations. But
if they would emulate the example of Dr.
Adam Clarke, and eschew idleness and dis
sipation, they would find that, thefr health
would be none the worse for the change, but
rather better. The man who spends his
evenings over a book calls into play entirely
different faculties from those which have
been tasked through the day ; for generally
it is his physical part w hich fs .fatigiie3, and
this rests effectually while he reads. Even
the student can t find relaxation . by fhe
changing to different themes, for then other
faculties of his mind are exercised: thus
when the m'ath'a.rcetfcfan turns. to poetry he
gives causality repose and sets ?desli'. at
work; and this affords as complete rest as
when one, tired with walking enters a car
riage to continue the journey.
Life is too short to allow of any moments
being wasted, which can be turned to good
account. The apprentice who spends his
evenings in study is sure to lay up a stock
of ideas, which he wi.l find, at sometime
or other, will prove to him so much positive
capital. His fellow apprentice, who squan
ders his evenings at oyster cellars, or in
lounging about engine-bouses, gains no such
sesds of future wealth; but on the contrary
impale h's health by his early excesses; be
sides losing the confidence of all who might
help him forward in life. .Even he,, who
avoids the follies so' common among young
men, but yet makes fatigue the plea for
sleeping away the evening,, or otherwise
wasting bis time,' , commits a serions . blun
der. If more, person would . resolve, on
emerging from childhood, never to te idle,
here would be twenty fortunes made where
one is made now, and twenty ,men rise to
eminence where qne attains distinction at
present. . Every year, more hours are wast
ed, of four peopl out of five, than wnuhl, if
properly improved, have mado them rich iu
their old age. Never be idle.
.OtTThe New York Medical Gazette,' for
February, gives extracts from the unpub
lished letters of a young physician in Paris
to his father, s medical practitioner. Among
other items, this gentleman mentions the
annexed: ... .
M. has lately been before the Court
for refttsin? to answer questions propounded
to him relative to a patient, a young, lady,
who, finding the doctor in trouble, gave him
full permission to answer. But be still re
fused, sayir'g that he could, nut violate his
oath ae a doctor. He was fined ICQ" frafVcs.
He appealed to a higher court. ' The sen
tence wss annulled, and he was honorably
acquitted, tbe Judge remarking that a physi
cian has not the right, in any caae, or under
any pretext, to divulge the secret of his pa
tient." ' -
Mubder Will Out. The Clermont
Courier of Thursday, says: It is whispered
that cetain gentlemen from Clermont in the
late convention agreed te gr for Corwin ter
Senator, if Certain men from Clark and
Green would go for Nonaia for Supreme
Judge. But it is charged that these gentle
man from Clermont do not come up to the
werk. So it goes.
SHAKSPEABEspoke pf "lienor among" a
suspicious sort of characters; but Suaks
peare was an Old Fogie, and knew little
sf the science of modern progress.
. Henry Stansbery wa employed by the
Complainants ts argue ths Newport Ferry
case before the Kentucky Cqort at Frank
fort. The Commonwealth' say that such
was the interest to hear him that the Court
adjourned to the Senate Chamber, to accom
modate the public. His speech fully sus
tained his great reputation. We regard
Mr. Stanbert as the model lawyer of the.
State. Ue has few equals ih his profession
in the West. Journal.
j i .. Y
, Disappointment or Fillirusters. Thi
New York Times state a a fact, that the
cartridge fuotory at Ravenav ood, a "th
time of the late terrible explosion there.wa
engaged in filling an order for a million of
catridges which hau been contracted for,
to be delivered by a given day. And as
that "given day" happened to be a day or
two before the day of sailing of the North
ern Light, fur Nicaragua, the Time inti
mate that the order aforesaid wa given by
ths Nicaragua Land Company, with a view
to facilitate certain fillibuater scheme they
have in view in Mosquito and thereabout.
OirTb committee of the Virginia legis-
latnr In which vu nfarrsd several peti
tions for a orohibitorv Honor Uw.'r reported
galnsliU; , ''-'
--T' ;r ''"") - -.r-.r 1 1.
Character. There is a glare about
worldly success which is very apt to dazzle
men's eyes. When we see a malt rising Id
the world, thriving in business, successful ia
bis speculations if he be a man out of our
line, who dove not come into competition
.With us, so as to make as jealutis of him, we
are too apt to form a foolishly high opinion
of bis merits. W are opt to say within
ourselves, "What a .wonderful man this
must be, to rise so repidly f" forgetting that
dust and straw, and feathers, things with
tieiiher weight nor value in them, rise the
soonest and the easiest. In like manner,
It is not the truly great and good men, gen
erally speaking, who rise the most rapidly
into wealth and notice. . A mun may be
sharp, active, quick, dexterous, cunning
be may be ever on the watch for ppportuni
ties to push bis fortunes, s man of this kind
hardly fails of getting on in the world; yet,
with all this, he may not have s grain sf
real greatness about him. H may be all
we have describrd, and yet have not great
ness of mind,nor greatness of soul. He may
be utterly without sympathy and fellow
feeling for others; he may bs utterly devoid
of ali true wisdom; he may bs without piety
and withoot charily withetft- ie,. that U,
either for God or man. , ' .
(rWe shall wait till we get the printed
report of the testimony, &c, in the Flood
case, In the Senate, before we go into a
general examination of the subject. We
have looked back at the articles of Dr. Ide,
and ths denial of Flood, as published in the
Journal, snd fearlessly assert that the testi
mony fully sustains the charge. It wss
stated that Flood had drawn $1,440. Tbie
be indignant? denied to us in person, and
afterwards in hi reply in the Journal. Now,
the teitimnnv ihnui. 1h1 K m AA Hur
the testimony is before us we shalt ba
more to say about it. The Committee, we
hope have shown enough to satisfy the Leg
islature that the law is all wrung, and that
tne whole subject needs remodeling. Such
enormons expenditures will not be sanction
ed by the tax payers of the Stale. O. S.
Solon Robinson, the author ef Hot Corn
Stories, ie rather a misterious personage
According to the pspeis, he hsd sn event
ful career. Those who now know him. de
scribe him as a large man. 70 years old.witb
a patriarchal beard which falls nearly to his
waistband, lie bae been agricultural edi
tor of severs! journals; was once sn auction
eer in Madison, Ind.; afterwards he kept
tavern at Vernon; and subsequently, we be
lieve, be became a "fteform" lecturer- At
one period of his life he was the manager of
the old Columbia Street Theatre in Cincin
nati. .While in this position he dramatized
"The Pilot," from Cooner's Novel. It did
not succeed wed, and itobinaon was satis
fied with one season's experience in theat
rical management. He was afterwards en
gaged as a secret mail agentnd was instru
mental in detecting various depredating
postmasters. He bas been a farmer in I . It
nois and what other business we know
VASHiNGTOs,Feb.8. Ornate. Mr. Ham
lin preseuted memorials in favor of reducing
the duty on all imported iron $12, and that
on charcoal iron to $15 per ton.
The Michigan Railroad bill wastben tak
en up and passed.
The bill grsnting land to Louisiana, to aid
in the construction ol a Railroad fiom New
Orleans to the Sabine river, wss also taken
up snd passed.
The French" Spoliation bill was taken up,
read through, and postponed.
The Nebraska bill was taken "op, upon
which Mr. Everett made an able speech.
fousf, The Hiuse went into committee
of the whole. Tbe Deficiency bill, appro-
prialing $6,000' to defray the" expenses of
the Commissioners sppointed atrthe last
session. to exsmine snd report in regard to
the A'fsftorv at Springfield,' was passed. The
committee fos'e and reported the bill to the
House, when, without further acliod, tbe
John Mitcrel. The Cleveland Lyceum
some time since sent sn invitation to John
Mitchel to lecture before that body. At
their last meeting they rescinded the resolu
tion. This is one of the reasons assinged:
"While the marks of the. fetters ars still
fresh upon his limbs, he denies ths very
principles which lie at the foundation of all
liberty, and which alone can justify resis
tance to tyranny, thereby admitting that
lis ,ervarYi appeal were false and meaning
less declamations; that his apparently no
ble course in resisting tyranny and wrong
was prompted eolely by the most detestable
and seifisb desire for fame and power,' and
that he is a most contemptible hypocrite.'
Fatal Accident. On Saturday last
Robert Love, residing a few miles west of
thi place, wa killed while feedings' thresh
ing machine. .It appsar, Hiai s'ome of the
spikes in the revolving cylinder became de
tached by coming in contact with each oth
er, and thrust one of, them through ths head
of the deceased, mangling him horribly, and
killing him almost instantly, . Sir. Love
was a young man of estimable character.aml
his untimely death ie much lamented by his
numerous circle of.relativr and friends.
We learn that he leaves a wife and three
children. Truly, "in the midst of life w
are in doath." Homer set Pott. - '
ftrSenatar Douglas is receiving numer-
ous left handed complimenta from his Dem
ocratic friends on account of bis latter up
en tonaze duties. Senator Johnson, of
Alabama, in speaking of ths matter, de
clares it is rather a comical proposition to
provide for clearing out the rivers of Arkan
sas, by charges upon it trade, when the ex
isting obstructions prevent any trade. Tbe
improvement must precede, not follow, the
commerce they are expected to facilitate.
Ttiit Reward o Persevering Labor.
The Galena (Illinois) Jeffersonian soys thst
two men, Messrs. Snyder and Taylor, who
have been mining for two years . past in an
extremely hard rock, tb difficulty of work
ing which has often tempted tbem to aban
don thefr labors, a few daye since succeed
ed in forcing their way into a large cavuy
in the reck, where they found themselves
surrounded on every side with huge piles
of the laden ore. Tbe toil of year wa re-;
that nrpvrsnce and assiduity was
rewarded with wealth. The value of the'
ore which they so unexpectedly discovered j
is estimated at g3t','JOQ-
rrTha better animal cad ' b fed, snd
the moro comfortable they can be kept, th
' mors profitable they , are and all' farmers
work for profit. , J' " J i",
WHOLE K0 1481
i iaMiMiR."'i sikir .fT.ii-'." iv ;:" ;" J
' -H'-IS M Will rTSTBTfc.'y sJl r r- Wif. , yS
Ohio Legislator Srratr. Therf '
wa nothing sf special interest In Ih e EU- '
ate this morning. A resolution, Introduced
by Mr. Taylor, providing for ths. appoint
ment of a coraraiesion Is - settle all cbliui
for propel y taken by the Stats for publia
nse, gar riss to debate. It wa objected
thai the creation of etich a Board woulJ '
open a wide door for the presentation of all '
sorts of claims against the State, Including '
tho that hats ofice L'eeu settled. The
ease of Judge Holt wae cited ae an illostra
After some debate, the resolution was re'- -ferred
to ths Board of Publio Works,' snd
the Senate took a recess.
the Perry County case being under'
consideration, after considerable discus
sion the Hons decided that the, testimony
was a part of ths report, aod that any mem
ber had a right to call fur the reading of tb
document. The clerk then, commenced
reading the tertimeoy, end continued it dur
ing ths balance of yesterday's seasWu.;?!
House, foreseeing i huge We in prospecfg
began to scatter,and a bare quorum remain
ed. . . , - .' ' -,..'
House The bill fixing the time of hold
ing (hs courts in the 9lh Judicidl district
wss passed. Some amendment were mad
which require the agreement of the Senate
wben it will be tbe law.
The Senate resolution to confirm the'
contract for convict labor with Mr. purdell,'
was taken up, and discussed. Tbere wa
a decided expression of sentiment against
tbe system of letting tbe convict labor to
individuals, and It is doubtful whether th
contract will be confirmed by the House.
Tbere will be a lengthy debate on this ques
tion in due time, anJ tbe development to
day seems to indicate that the two sides'
will be pressed with vigor. '
The Season. Among the striking pe
culiarities of the present most remarkable
season, ie the singular fact, while the Mit
issippi is covers i with ice of sufficient
thickness end strength to allow loaded wag
on to cross over it from bank to bank, tbe
weather for several days past, has beer
warm enough for May.. At one o'clock
on Monday afternoon, the mercury stood at
48 degreee above zero; on Tuesday, at ths
same hour, it ros to 58; snd yerterdsy, it
reached 69, or tbe summer-heat point.
What it will be this dsv, we shall not at
tempt to guess. Alt. Tel. Feb. J,
Helicious Movement. About one .bun-,
dred prominent members of the Unitarian
Association met in this city yesterday after
noon, to devise measures for extending,'
the principles of their denomination, and to
more generally circulate the writings ef
eminent Unitarians. A resolution vif
adopted in faver of raising a permanent
fund to carry out tbe abwve object. Bosied
: : ,. i I. ,
Proverbial, Philosupsv. When . a man
sounds his own trumpet, be sure there's
crack in it. There are minds, ae well is
streets, that want draining. Many fall in
love as they fail asleep, with their eye
shut. There is nothing more uncertan than
"a certain age." He that confesses toons
particular weakness bas many more in re
serve. Mammon tiee as many, marrisgs
knots as Cupid. A heart once given should
bs "not transferable." Dioyenes.
Col. Benton. The correspondent of the'
Col. Benton being asked what reply
could be made to the speech of Douglas,
said: "Reply, Sir! Facts are not t be
I gainsayed; aud one who ssys that when I
voted lor the Compromise of 1850, I meant
to repeal the Compromise of fS20, lies,
Sir he tells a lie, Sir."
CCriohn Brough, Esrf., has resigned the
Presidency of the Madison and Indianopslis
and Peru Railroads. Mr. Ellis has been
elected in his stead.
CirThe Boston Post, ssys: "There are
thirteen thausaod marriageable girls now,
in the factories at Lowell., t is plesssnt
to know in this wsrld of misery that Iters
are thirteen thousand men yet to bs mad
happy. - -
' Our New Road. We are .informed that a
letter has just been received, by an officer
of our Valley Rail Road, from B- K. La-
trobe, Esq., the eminent Citil Engineer of
the City of Baltimore, giving ths assur
ance th'a'l ho will be here, about' the let of
March, with the view of making , an exami
nation of the country" between thi City and
the Ohio River. . ' .-'
He (peak favorably of the entrprize,nd
thinks It wf. I command competent aid from
Baltimore. . ' "" "'-"
fjrPetitiona ars in circulation in Cbilli
cothe in connection with th U. S. Sens
torship. We have not learned forJwhat:
candidate. This fs a new ay of operating
on this qnsstion. v.
fJ"rSee our new advertisements,'' Tt wilf
be seen that onr friend Wygum bas some
thing new fn market.
AX OUDIMAJMCJE, ,
Defining tbe duties of the Msyor of ths City
of Lancaster, and fixing h's salary.
Sec, 1. Beit ordaineed Ay Me Council sf
theCity of Lanrdster; That it is hereby de
clared to be th duty of the Mayor of said
City faithfully to perform and execute all
the dutie of said office, created by existing
or future laws of '. the State of Ohio.'
See. 2. ftsball be bis duly faithfully to
perform all such duties, compatible with tbe
nsture of his office, a the Council of aaid
City has heretofore prescribed, or msyj
from time to time, hereafter impose; and it
in hereby especially made hi duty to keep
a full and accurate account of all moneys.
helonirin-r to said City, which may come in
to bis bands, as Mayor, and promptly pay
the same over to the City Tressoter, taking
his voucher thereforand to make, at ths
time of ths Annual Settlement of ths finan
ces and affairs of said City, aad atauotner
times, wheo eailcd upon by sid CooneiLor
any committee therefor, a full and faithful
Exhibit of all aid money. -- - - i
. Sec. 3. Tb lary sf a!d -Mayor ha!l
bs One Hundred dollsr per annum, pay
able quarterly, out of th ty Treasury.
Passed Feb fl, 1834 '"'
Attest-. B. Rm. .;v .