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NEW SERIES VOL. 1.-N0. 19.
LANCASTER, OHIO, THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 13, 1851
WHOLE NO 1489
ffht Wffhh Szfiic.
CITY OP LANCASTER:
fUDLISHEt) EVERT THUR3DAT MoKHIBO
f 8. SLAUGHTER, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
OFFICE Old Public Building-South-east corner
of the Public Square.
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Thursday Evening. April O. 18S1
Mncholy Affair A Maniac Mur
dew! A melancholy transaction occurred
at the residence of Horace Ensign, of Roots
town, in this county, on Wednesday last.
A man by tho name of Chittenden, for scv
eral jy-ars has labored under severe attacks
of epilepsy, producing periodical insan
ity. ' ' ,
His derangement recently lias assumed a
desperate character, rendering him furious
and bloodthirsty, seizing every opportunity
when thus affected V d ) ull the injury in his
power. On the 20th inet, his physician,
Dr. Price, of Randolph, was attacked by
hi in while prescribin for his disorder.knock
cd dbwu, and kicked and beaten without
mercv. The next night he attacked the
house of Mr. Stanford, beating in one of
the windows with a club, and flourishing a
knife, swore he would murder the family.
He sa!d ho "thursted for blood, and blood he
would have." He was preventod fr.m
doing Turther injury at that time, and from
there ha went to the house of Mr. Terry,
on the same errand, but was kept at bay
From there he went to Mr. Ward s, inquir
ed for Mr. V., and was told by his wire
that hi was absent. He replied he must
in-,. Instead of leaving the premises,
however, he went round to the other side of
the house, broke in ino eusi wmuu, .
entered the house, seize! a chair and broke
Ii the north window.and attempted to break
the chamber door, which Mrs. W. and her
,u, ,lnrrl,!(.r within weie holding, to pre-
vent his entrance. Failing in this, he took
a brand of firo from the stove, threw it on
the floor, and collecting ' some clothing
which he found in the room, he threw it on
the fire In h id k'indled.atid returned through
the window he had entered. The fire was
extinguished with trifling loss- .
Tho maniac having gone from there to
the house of Mr. Sabin, he broke in and
said, "I have got you now." Mr. S. ami
wife fled in their night cloth- to their
iieiMibor, Mr. Shewell's, Chittenden fol
lowing in pursuit. On arriving at Mr. b s
ho broke in IWJ windows, but was met by a
blow from Mr., and a notice that he would
shoot him if he came further when he ro-
On the next morning, between daylight
and sunrise, Mr. Ensign, hearing a noise m
the wood house, wentin search of the cause
of, I, and on opening the door received a
bl w in the hend with an axe, in the hands
of Chittenden, Inflicting a frightful wound,
und paring off a portion of the scab and
skull some two or three inches In diameter.
Mr. E. called for' help, and Mr. Darning
and Mr. Shewell being close at hand, (rave
immediate assistance; and, after a violent
Btru"le, succeed in fastening the maniac's
armsTso that he would be prevented from
liinir further Iniurv.
li.trin.r ili sniffle, he aimed a blow at
Ensign' head with tho axe, which was
warded off by Mr. Doming; but one more
euccesaful struck Mr. E . sign's daughter,
wlu was endeavoring to get her little broth
er away from danger, prostrating her sense
less on the flmr.-with. the child unhurt in
her arms. A frightful wound was inflict
ed, and- the skull desperately fractured,
leaving no hopes of her recovery. Portage
. . Terwdle SroRM 7ws Properly and
J iY A vprv aavera storm of rain and wind
visited portions of Coffee counties, Tennes
Bee, last Friday week. We learn from the
, Yeoman that iti the neighborhood of Tulla
homa an d Normandy, (on the Nashvillo and
Chattanooga Railroad,) considerable dam
ane was doue by the wind, and Mrs. and
Miss Stone were killed. The house they
occupied was blown down, and a log fell
i across the neck of the young lady and cut
her heai' off the other one was mashed and
mangled by the falling of the house. It
wej't awy all the timber, houses, fences,
stock, birds and squirrels that lay in its way.
Everything on the plantation of D. V. Da-
' vidson,"who lives somo fifteen miles from
Shelbyville, was torn away except .his dwel
ling. None of the family were injured.
Ab )Ut a mild from Mr. Davidson's, Mr. Bar
ton' house -y as blown clown. His wife
had been very sick for several weeks, and
was expected to die; consequently was not
able to get oul of bod. The wind was so
severe that it blew their child into the fire
he snatched it out, however, and then ga
thered his wifo in his arms, and with the
: rest of the family made his escape out of the
house. They bad just got out when the
house was torn to pieces, and would haye
killed tha inmates had thev remained in it.
The main body of the wind was from a half
to two miles in width snd the woods inrougn
which It passed is now reduced to one vsst
plain. The roads are completely . covered
br the1 fallen timber where it passed. In
Manchester several houses were unroofed,
feuces and stock blown away, but no lives
lust that we can learn.
Old TiMES.-In the days ofthc blue laws
of New England, a shoe-maker was con
demned to be hunged; but on the day ap-
. pointed for tho execution, they discovered
that he was the only shoemaker in the place
-so they concluded to hang a weaver in
his stead, for they bail mora weavers than
they wanted. .
- (KrThe Democratic Press, of Chicago,
says: "There is a western boy now in this
city, who Is flfteen year of age and mea
sures six feel and eight Inches In low-heeled
boots. He Is as straight as a tall lake Su
' .perior pine, Intelligent, and proud of being
a Western product. His father and mother
. are both larger and taller than hiraielf."
t.',ATCHESA NEW Y0"X STORY.
"Blacking! blacking! matches!" cryed a
little dirt-begrimmed imp, popping bis head
in. as he opened the door of the reading.
room of the Universe Hotel, end as, when
01 er the tympanum is touched by the above
sounds, there is a sympathetic cord acting
like a bell pull, upon the ejaculatry organs
which forces them to say no, a chorus a
rou n i sanir out vnisono and with a precisiou
our drilled and paid choruses at the opera,
have never attained yet.
. "No, we don't want any ."
Mr. Jerome Green, an easy and good-na
tured gentleman, who was in town for the
holidays, was resting in an arm cha:r, mak
ing use however.of only ite two hinder legs,
bis own feel being propped upon the window
sill, and sung out with the rest;
"No, I don't want any."
The little fellow, who had sn intelligent
bnt melancholy face, was just going to
withdraw himself from the gorgeously dec
orated room, when Mr. Green happening to
turn his face to the door, caught sight of a
muddy little foot quite blue with the pinch
ing cold that is tossy.that part of it which
was not so black with incrustations and
recollecting that he had actually been an
noyed during the past week, by the want
of a match in his bed-room, cried:
"Hallo! I do want some matches, though;
little shaver, how do you soil them?"
"Eighteen pence a dozen," was the ready
reply, "and they don't smell."
"Don't thevV'suid Mr. Green.and thought
to himself, "that is more than I can say of
you, my young friend;" but he kept the
thought to lumseir, being ratner eccentric,
and not wishing to hurt the match boy's
All this lime Mr. Green had held the bun
dle of boxes pensively in his hand, as it he
thought 10 get at their intrinsic value by
weighing them. -
"Eighteen pence a dozen, and they don't
smell," repeated the boy, blowing his little
chilled hands. Still Mr. Green did not
speak, for his mind was away in some hy
pothetical match-factory, - calculating the
imaginary wages somebody must get for
making matches to sell at eighteen pence
per dozen, and not smell.
"Warranted to keep, and to burn lree!y,"
broke In the boy, who put his best foot for
ward, beinninir to think his chance ot a
sale growing elim
"But I dont want a dozen." our gentle
man said, rousinir himself; "I am sure half
tha nuunlitv is enough to set me on fire a
dozen times. Givo me a couple of boxes
here is a sixpence for you;" and tendering
the boy a shilling, asked lor the change.
"Tho bov's countenance?, which had be
orun to briirhten. fell azain; he had no
change.be had not sold anything that morn
"Never mind," said Mr. Green; you can
bring it to me lo-mcrrow, you will and me
here about this hour. What is your
Tim bov told him Peter, and departed
joyfully with professions of promptitude;and
Mr. Green got up to Blunter away, wnen
his friend Smart, who had been a silent
spectator ol the scene, left off contempla
linn boot-tips, and calieu alter mm:
"I say, Jerry, what made you eive
boy a shilling fur two boxes! They
dear enoii'rh at a sixpence."
"I aave him only a sixpence," rsp'ie J
our easy fritmdj "ho is to bring the change
'Surely, you d not expect to see that boy
again I '
I positively do," was the quiet reply
"I bet vou a hat you don't."
"Done!" and"done!" followed in quick
luccession. and the friemls parted
We were standing that afternoon at the
corner of X Street, "with the same feelings
of forclorness that toke hold of some unfor.
tunate overland nilirrim to California when
he comes to a rapid stream.the Mormons in
possession of the ferry, the Tare five dollars,
and the gentleman having spent his last ef
fiffv of tur ulorious eaalo done in gold at
the ferry the day previous, or with the feel
ing of a very young man ot a party, who
stands in a knot of other very young men, it
is dying logo up to the splendid girl Miss
Peacock; only Miss Peacock ails at the
other end ol the room, ond the very young
muu would have no traverse a howling des
ert to get to her, which he dare not do for
There we stood, staring a-ross impassable
Broadway, with a number of other individ
uals, whose breasts were filled with the same
wishes which agitated cur own. We all
wanted to cross Broadwoy, and accumulate
as little mud and break as few ribs as possi
ble. On tho other shore stood our counter
parts, lifting their umbrellas to heaven, and
pieienting a true pictureof life; they would
have given anything to stand where ws stood,
and we as eagerly desired to be where they
were. All in vain.
K inn ond Brown, Broadway and 43th
Street, Tompkin's Square, u Union Square
an I rolled by like the roaring ana relent
less wives of the sea, coming up to scatter
in different directions upon the shores of up
town and rolling down aain to be re-united
In the bosom of the South Ferry. But
there is asudden lull, and everybody looks
at hit neighbor, as if to say:
Evervbodv does It; everybody gets across.
Did we'say everybody got safely acrossl
We are safely ashore on ins siuewam, anu
look round. No; everybody has not got
across safely. Looking only at the big ships
and omnibusses, a poor, little match-boy has
ueulected to dodae the sc looners and stoops
of this perilous element, has been tun over
by a butcher's cart, and his mouesi wares
scattered all over the street. The driver
swears awfully, and goes on; a crowd as-
aembles: a compassionate working man '
lifts the poor boy up, and carries him to
the nearest drug-store. (We, with some
tlamen would have been clad to
But slas! such were looking out of a thin
little face, on which tears had made chan
nels in the incrustations. Mr. Green was
making up his mind to save further trouble,
the apparition belore him must be the same
U . r i i . , i , i . . .
rcicr,irum wnom ne uou uuugm mo matcu
es, the day previous, who had shrunk and
windled over nichl possibly from cold,
probably from hunger and who had now
come back to bring the change. But this
iJea struck him as too absurd; for how could
such a Tom Thumb sell anything, and
where was his basket! While these recol
lections flashed vaguely across the mirror
of Mr. Green's mind, Peter junior had been
diving dilligenlly into (he recesses of his
garments, and finally .alter sundry attempts,
rought out of the side pocket of his jacket,
which was on a level with his ca'.f, threo
istinct copper coins, which he tendered to
"Is you the pemmcn what Peter owes
Yes, my lad, I am the man," was the re-
"I'eter hasn't got sixpence-rcler's gone,
and was rund over by a buss and lost his
basket, and his cap and broke his leg, and
broke his arm; and Peter is so-o-o-o
II," (here the child broke out into an un
controllable fit off crying;(snd three cents
is all he's cot."
"The deuce!" exel imed Mr. Ureen,
umpintr up "where do you live?"
"Little Rum Street, Mud Alley," sobbed
"Come alons then." and not waiting to
hear Mr. Smart's sneer of "a very like'y
story, my verdant friend," he was out ol the
room, had called a carriage, and was on ins
charritable mission with little Joe by th
time Mr. Smart had finished his sentence."
The carr'nge stopped before one of thoso
archwavs aboundingin that part of the ci.y,
and ulways denoting film, drunkenness, und
abject, poverty. The child led the way up
the alley, ascended a lew broken steps, ar.il
entered a doorless hall, passed through it to
the yard, and decending into what appeared
to be on y a hoi , but which had on a near
er inspection, some steps, opened tue aoor
of a low, durk cellur.
When Mr. Green's eyes had become ac
customed to th darkness, which a tallow
candle stuck in a bolllo.just made visible,
ho saw in a corner, stretched upon a straw
matlrasa, his little acquuintanco of yester
day; but ah! how changed the pinched
face nearly livid, with here and there a bit
of a lock of hair glued to it by the cold pers
piration, the little boy, with his bandaged
limbs, motionless, and a low groan, all t'ne
evidence of life. Tho furnitura of this
abode of human beings consisted of a bro
ken table and a three-legged stool.
Upon tho latter sat a poor woman rock
ing herself to an fro with a peculiar mo
tion of grief. She was a neighbor, she
said, poor enough herself, the Lord knew.
The parents of the children had come out a
year ago from the old country, poor decent
people, with three little ones.and hne child
ren they were; the mother never got over
tho ship fever cuntacted on the passage,
and soon left them for a better place, taking
the bnbe with her, which was a merry: and
after tho ftther, wh i was a hard-working
steady man, had been killed by a fall f om a
building, a neighbor proposed to take Peter,
ssndingjoe to Randal's Island. But Pe
ter had refused to leave little Joe, and scra
ping together a small sum by the sal.' of
their father's effects, had bought his wares,
and manfully, with a big heart in his little
body, through cold and heut, through hun
ger and thirst, pursued his calling, making
just enough, with what help the neighbors
could give, to keep body and soul together.
He was a fine lad, indeed, a good lad, with
sense above his years; but now it was all
over. The doctor good, kind gentlemen,
he had stayed with him and sent medicine
said he could not be moved to the hospital,
where they ought to have taken him at first:
and, indeeJ, there was no need of moving
him, for he was sinking fast since morning.
Green had list -ned in silent horror to so
much misery so quietly told, and whether it
was from the damp cold, or the foul, stiffing
atmosphere, he felt too sick to speak. Just
then the boy opened his sunken eves, and
our friend bending over him, a flicker of
recognition passed over his face.
"I had not got the mon-y. I
Inst it all," he muttered painfully, push
ing out each word wi'.h an effort.
"Never mind the money, my dear b y,"
struggled out Mr. Green, something hard
and dry in his throat choking him. "You
must get belter I will tako care of you
and little Joe, and you shall be cold, and
hungry, and naked no more; and you shall
get better, if care can do it."
Alas! little Peter was beyond the neg
lect of the hardened and the care of this
world. A smilo stole softly over his fea
tures he seemed to comprehend.
"Thank you little Joe thank you I
had not got the
rr.tf.ay Etcuintf, &i 7, ltt.Il,
Mb. Soule asj tbz S.MaisH Goverx-
mcst. The Madrid co-respondent of the
London Times lately announced that Mr.
Soule, the United States Minister, was In
"high favor" at Madrid particularly wi'.h
the Queen, who, it was represented, had
shown him marked attention. If, however(
the Paris correspondent of the Cincinnati
Gazette is to be relied on, the very reverse
is the fact. He says be learns from "relia
ble authority," that the Spanish Govern
ment has demanded or is about to demand
from our Government, the recall of Mr.
Soule; and, after stating that the cause of
this move is not assigned, adds:
"It Is altogether probable, however, that
the Spanish government suspects Mr. Soule
of having something to do with the late rev
olutionary movements of Saragosia, and as
scting as a general propagandist for the re
publican party throughout Spain. It is
said that the doors of the entire diplomat
ic corps aro closed against him and his fam
ily at Madrid, since the duel, nd that cer
tain persons, in order to avoid inviting him,
have refused giving receptions that would
otherwise have taken place."
This letter is dated tho 5th of March
Another letter to the New York Commer
cial, dated Paris, March 15th, says:
"Four gentlemen, resid;ng at Madrid, In
tha capasity of ministers from various pow
ers; neur Queen Isabella, are at present in
Paris, on leave of absence. They all say
thai theijd- not know Mr. .Sbute and. cofirm
what bus been said of the isolation in which
he lives. They state that his challenge to
M. Turgot is considered barbarous, and
that Ms rtltabilitation is out of tho question."
r .-3ijj .-liiunn, .-ZIL xTIT
Gold no SiLVta attrc Mist. It ap
pears by s report just mads to the Treasury
Department, that lite gold sod silver coins
on hand, on the 1st inst., st the Philadel
phia minl,aovunts to the turn of 83,365.924,
persons were active 0r wi.ith. II 1.49-1 J91 was in cr.M.nrld sm.
thHr sssistsnce i , .-i..... i.
aia hi aiivrr. a uu ,ncr isciuuri oil mJ3
in dollars, $125,000 in halves, $433,000 in
quarters, 8245,000 in dimes an4 (57,703 in
' half Jimn. Of the fold. SSDS nun ii in
lions, and it became nece-unry to get then. Joub,e , f240.000 in ea,!es. 245,000
out as soon as Saturday. They were par- I . . ' , '
doned out by p per. iuing from the . Gov. j ,n blIf "K1"' 'S80 quarter eagles and
enor's office, and hence the charge of im- 834,000 in dollars. It l stated that those
propirfnterferenre against him. desiring silver change can obtain it In ex-
i ue oa; u-mK.rv ol tins morning con- ,,. for o!j , .,
ExTCAoRcisinr Dkvelomiests. For
some days passed the newspapers of Cin
cinnati have been publishing fierce attacks
upon Gov. Me dill for pardoning tire
rowdy acou'.dre s of that city, who were
confined for their offences in th HsmiUun
county jail. These
sbeciaily necessary at the polls on the day
of election.- The term of their imprison
ment would have expired on Monday st
noon, out mat would b too late lor oncr i-
tains an explanation of the manner in which
i his operation was performed. Officer
Hatha presented himself at theGovenor's
office last week, and asked for the pardon
of the three rowdies. Gov. Mlo.'UL was
sick and not in a condition to be scen;but bis
private Secretary, Ei-L'-a, told Hatha that
the Govenor bad no power to pardon where
persons were coSned in the county jails
&c. Hat as insisted he had the power.
Ellis told bim the Govenor was sick and
could not bo app'oached on business
Hayma!) replied that his private Secretary
had the power to issue the
and m such denominations as t'uey may
Bibles P&oftrBiTRO The Archbishop of
Mexico has addressed to all the clergy a cir
cular, In which he recommends to them the
greatest vlgilsnce in preventing the circula
tion and reading of Protestant Bibles.which
are being introduced from the United States
In Tsmaulipas, serosa the Texas frontier.
Tbe Archbishop says that bo bas received
personal information from the Minister of
that measures have already been
F.i.r.i Anifl lliprit yraa na nAlili.in tp viilnn,.A
that the o rdoned wa desired. Hathas !'IU,'C'
then wrote out a peli ion and got Rucirsos itaken by the government to prevent the
the Sergcant-at-Arms.of the House and 'introduction or the Bibles and other books,
Messrs Lasgdoi., Caoss R.dgwat. Beowh Ij ,be oper.tien. of the agent alluded to,
and Exlet, Members of the House, to sign . . . w,
it. Thereupon Ellis filled out the nc.iJ owirij i. aaio io worn
cessary paper granting, full pardon to these ..Sir J.mi Wylie. for so Ion
scamps. IIaTmas departed, and in due ,7Z . 3
ime the prisoners were discharged, and no !fnief Physician at the Ru-sian
Atchisoh akd MAjtypEsiiT. The St.
Louis Democrat charges Senator Atchison,
of Missouri, and Manypenny, of Ohio, In
dian Commissioners, with having spent a
part of (he fifty thousand dollars appropriat
ed by Congress to the extinguishment or
the Indian title tolnndswest of the Missou
ri and Iowa, "in cioctioncerftig against Ben
ton and in getting an anti-Missouri Com
promise line candidate elected delegate "
Mr. Benton has offered a resolution in Con
gress asking the President to inform the
House how the money has been expended,
giving tho facts in detail "item by item."
The Democrat says that Atchison proclaimed
that he would rather "see the territory sunk
in Hell, than liavo it come in without sla
Treatment of an American at Valpa
raiso It is stated that a commander of a
vessel, and who is a neuira'izcd American,
was recently mobbed at Valparaiso, on the
ground that he had iil-treated his passen
gers, a number of Chilians, and when he
abked for protection from the nutharlrles",
they threw him into prison. Tbo U. S.
Consul advised the governor of the province
that he recognised the captain as an Amer
ican citizen, and demanded for him a fair.
prompt and impartial trial. He complained
also, that ihe mete of the vessel had been
mobbed, andd.clared that, unless such pro
ceedings wore stopped, he would make a na
tional affair of it.
doubt did good, business at the
Such is the history of the case as given by
authority.. Gov. Meeill knew nothing of it
But what will be thought of tbe private Sec
retary, who has thus assumed tbe preroga
tive of the Governor, and has undertaken to
pardon i riininalsl We call the attention
of the Legislature to this subject. It is of
grave importance, snd should not be over
looked. We have iudeed arrived at a
strange pass if such ads are to be winked
at. It may have boen mere heedlessness,
but it is none tho less reprehensible.
O. 5. Journal
Sabsatii Exoacesiests. It is a question
opoa which there Is no little diversity of o
piuion. How is the Sabbath to be epenll -Is
it lawful to a.iend iu hours' in th mere
relaxation of the mind and bod frtro uut
wearing' sh J-oppressiv Influence of son '
stent toii !o. ere there h gherand holier ends
tobe secured bv Its more sacred observation.
In suggesting a reply to this Important
inquiry It reems a plain snd obvious princi
ple that tbe manner ot spending any festl'
vsl day depend npsn th purpose for which
the d y wss set apart. In tho old Hesthefo,
-times a festival of Bacchus would, of coarse.
bo a day of drinking; a festival "of Venus, a
day of debauchery; and a festival of Ceres
one of rejoicing over the fruits of the earl'j
W sat apart the fourth day of July aji fes
; v a I of freedom. v Now supposo an orator
sppoinud for ihtt.day and expected to ad
dress his fellow citizens, should rise snd
pour forth an able and eloquent discourse
on tbe geological structuro of oui globe; or
on tko Eclipses of the satellites of Jupiter;
how unsuitable would itb ? An oration for
the 4th of July should hare some bearing ou
human freedom. All. festival should pro
mote tbe ulject foi which they are appoint
ed. If then the Subbatb is a religious festi.
val, surety its hours should be spent In re
It is no valid objection ti this to urge thst
n court, has
polls yes- i just died at St. Petersburg He is report- ; the Sabbath wa appointed as a day of ret
ed to have bequcatiied the entire of his very from Uil; snd may therefore be spent In
large fortune 1 1 tbe Emperor of Russia I healthful smusements. For if rent means
Sir James Wylie was Scotchman. He ! idleness, even active amusements should not
wss knighted at Aseott Heath races.in 1814, be indu'ged iu. But these things may bo
by Oeorze iy., then Prince Regent, and
was subsequently created a baronet, at the
requestor the Emperor Alexander, on his
departure from England. His wealth is
stated to have been very considerable.
Southern Sentiment. Tho Nashville
(Tsnn.) Banner concludes an able erticle a
guinst the Nebraska bill with the follow
"Was the repeal of the Missouri Com
promise called for &. urgently demanded by
the people of the South! No. The people of
the South never dreamed of such a thing.
It has been proposed by politicians at Wash
ington for party and personal purposes.
President making and party supremacy arc
the considerations which lie at the bottom
of the most mischievous, unnecessary and
uncalled for measure."
frty-The Weslbote is autorized to say that
Sam'I. Med iry has ret irned the 0000, re
ceived by him on the 1st of July last as his
outfit tor the mission to Chili, 'and more
over has drawn, no salary!' Considering
that Colonel Samuel Medary his had the
use of theeo $3,000 fur eight or nii.o months,
it is certainly un act of great magnanimity
thai he should draw no salary for the ser
vices rendered. His services in relieving
Uncle Sam of the great responsibility of
watching thes- $9,000 lor so long a tiin
ought to be rewarded. It was a self-sacri
ficing heroism worthy of the trensury-leoch-
prcsent day. Co-
The smile faded, the eye looked fixed and
frlnaav! nnA Hpn nirrli .fnl liiur aJ bv an unmia-
takable rgidness of features, told, that the i i"g propensities of the
i.MM'a trmihlea ivcro nvor Oreen fa'rlv burst ! lumbUS fact,
into tears. Ho closed his eyos and stood
long and thoughtfully over the body, and
then leaving money and directions, he took
little Joe's hand ai.d left the place.
"What about the hatl" cried Jim Smart,
Overtures for a Division of Torket.
In the discussion between the Russian and
British papers on the Turkish quest on, it
appears that the present Emperor of Russia j
Preparations for War in England
Ten men of war gun brigs are to be Imme
diately commissioned to guard the eastern
and north-eastern coast of Eagtand from
A battery is beii g constructed on the
Mersey, to defen I the approaches to Liver
pool. It will mount fourteen 68 poundtrs.
The interior is intended to form a barracks 1
for one hut drod and fifty men and twelve
A further increase of 15,000 men is to be
made to the army. Fifty captains are to be
promoted to mnjoriii", fifty lieutenants to
coinpaui s, fifty ensigns to lieutenancies,
leaving of course fifty commissions tobe
filled up. .
Arrangements have been made by the
government with a first rate London brew
ery to supply tbe troops while in Turkey,
&c.,wiih the best export porter, at 3d per
Orders have been issued for the instant
return of several regiments and of a large
portion of artillery now in the new colo
nies. The Himalaya is lent to the government
at a hire of 17,000 a month, and other ships
ut 14,00!), 1J,000, &e., in proportion to
Tho Army Despatches says that Col.
Colt's revolvers have been supplied to a
large proportion of officers of the guarJs and
genera I offieers marching for the seat of
war. l ho uussiar.s, it is said, are armed
Several deserters from the 331 vgiment
rejoined head-quarters previous to its em
barkation for Constantinople, in the hope
of being pardoned and allowed to proceed
with the corps to Turkey. .
' State Interest in Canals, &c. Tbe
Columbus correspondent of. the Cincinnat.
The report of the Auditor of State, in re
lation to the interest ot tho State in Rail
roads. Canals and Turnpikes, is of some in
terest to the peop'er The pur value of the
stocks of the State in Railroads is $540,833.
The saleable value is 8525,300. The par
value of our Canal stock is $570,000. This
is worth $100,000. The par value of the
State stock in Turnpikes, is 1,525,503.
The cash value is estimated at 390,000.
The total par value of these stocks is 82,
743,477, and the cash value of them at this
time is estimated at $1,015,300 It will
thus be seen that we have not speculated
very profitably in these investments. And
yet, taken as a whole, they are as profitable
as the public works made and owned en
tirely by the State. In as much as we shall
be colle t upon to pay rome miliums of our
publio debt within a short time, I hop- the
proposition to sell the interest of t ie State
in these private works will prevail, and Unit
the proceeds may go to the liquidation ol
this debt. A strong effort will be made to
A Great Mine The Cliff mine, on Like
Superior, is said to be ' the richest copper
mine in the world. Njless than 1351 tons
of copper were shipped from the mine last
year, and tbe Lake Superior Journal state
''that the mine has produced, on sn average'1
one hundred tons per month during the past
year, snd it is a rich now in mass copper as
at any tune nereiulorc. A hundred per
cent, we presume, will be returned yearly,
as a dividend on the amount of original in
vestment, Tor many years to come."
Size o? oca Great Lakes. Tbe la-
considered; a change of employment is rest
to the mind and the body;those p'rsons who
spend the day in pleasure and irrelision ara
not usually found belter prepared to begin
tho labors of Motid-v. with any greater ear
nestness than other who favc spcnt4lhe
7 in sinci reujiuua ceiriuro, una u-j
itself is necesary for man's instruction
on his religious duties; it 1s in accordaucn
with all the teachings of the bible that i:
should be'oiserved" fr rciinus purpose.-;
and if the Sabbath itself is nt repealed wilil
the Jewish law, the manner of keeping it is
not altered. . . .
Since God has give-: man this portiou of
lime 'or religious insiruuiiuu n i,u,. yj. .
I any reasonable excuse fur ignorance or reli
gious truths or religion i duty.. Reckoning
28 dsvs to a mo ith. which is above the av.
test measurement of our fresh water sea, j a,e r 'rjiBarT chool. yvery "mm has
are these: i the opportunity of religious duties for two
The greatest lenght of Lake Superior is in u r Any (n33 who failt.
83o miles: its greatest breadth is 160 miles; ;, ' ,. ,...,.. jt. .
mean depth 988 feetr elevation G27 fenr. ful'y ose ul Sabbatbs f..r rel.g.ou. readily
.astl uijEUUCljon.unuer jjaicwus grcaeu. ,
from the age of 12 till be Is 4 ), or ..-on ilii
sgeof 20 liil he is 50 years oIJ, v.i!1!i..tj
32.000 .square miles.
The greatest length of Lake Michigan is
350 miles; its greatest breadth 103 miles;
mean depth 900 feet; elevation 587 feet;and
23,000 square miles.
The greatest length of Lake Huron is 200
miles; its greatest breadth is 110 miles;mean
depth 900 feet: elevation 274 feel; area
20,000 square m les.
The greatest length of Lake Erie is 250
miles; its grestest breadth is 80 miles; its
mean depth is 84 feet; elevation 555 feet;
area 6,000 square miles.
The greatest length of Lake' Ontario is
1?0 miles; greatest breadth 65 miles; its
mean depth U 500 feet; elevation 262 feet;
uren 6,000 square miles.
spent more lime than is requisite to p:y s
tiiro' tba cntiro Course in our best college.
Wo expect a man that has gone thrungli
coll gs to know sbn.c-thing; and if he bin
been laithful to hi:nse!f.hj will; and sj eve
ry man that has lived fifty year or thirty in
a christian land, and enjoying the Sabbatli,
is either intelligent upon religious subject
or he has crossly neglected his duty. Ii ,
msy seem a little nutter 'to waste asingUs
Sabbath;but considered in reference to a ljfv.-
meeting our ir.ena a iw oa hld frequently endeavored to tempt tin "Uncle SAM."-Our nationsl appellation
at the Universe. "Guess vou mav crive me ' ' .... . .. . .......
. . o--!- 1 . cabinets of Europe to i ln lum in a division is said to navo onginaieu in me louowing
J " "h "b! "" 7 7r, : 1 f U Turkish Empire; that be made over-1 comical manner: During th. last war wilh
your match-boy and your sixpenco any, r -,m.nt F.iifrland. a man by the name of Elbert An-
At 1 I At . I . II T . 1. . 1 1 ,
"SO repilvU ureeil gravely, "j auuu i,ub
see the boy any more he lie under the
snow in Greenwood. His body was
wretched, miserable, and neglected enough
here below; "but," he added wilh emphasis
"his little soul ij now incense before God.
Good morning Mr. Smart, I am leaving
during his visit to England in 1844; and that derson. furnished provisions by contract to
a secret correspondence had been held with tne generui government. t grem qunuiuy
the British minister nt St. Petersburg on
the subject, during tho last year. The
fact is slated by the London News, snd
seems to be admitted by Lord Aberdeen.
"No Printers there The report of the
Inspectors of State Prisons discloses the
appears 1 verv gratilying fuet that of the large num
ber ol convicts now in me
Expenses of U. S. Mint. It
from an official slatementof the director of hr of convicts now in the orisons of the
do it.butcould not on accountof our clothes.) the U. S. mint at Philadelphia, that for : gtate .there is not a single printer, while
The door closes; the crowd flattens its five years ending Dec. 1852, that Ihe. ac-. nearly all the other occupations are rcpre-
... ....ino ilia u'inrlnur mi ft rannot cret (ml .vn.nant nv.r ind nbavA the r.hnrrrna ' ...J 'Pi,:. . rn... knn..ul.la t
in to help; we have not time to wait, for the for coining, amounted to 8305,813 90 being
nr nter's devil is alter us; so we wenu our an average expense to me umieu otaiea
way down town, thinking, "poor
The following morning found Mr. Green
in the same place and position we have
described in the beginning; snd being in
tently engaged upon the Tribune, he did not
observe every small boy, a very speck of a
boy, eyeing him wistfully, evidently trying
to attract his attention, but In vain, he was
so small. ' At last, the miniature edition of
humanity made such a discordant noise with
the creaking door, that somebody ordered
him in a stern voice to "clear out," when
Mr. Green thinking vaguely that he had
seen him before, beckoned to the clild, lor
child it was, such as ought to have been In
tbe nursery, under the guardian cars of -a
mother. ' What need to describe him! Was
he not the reduced effigy of oar friend, Pe
ter! The same blue toes, th same blue
hands, the same intelligent, honest ys.
during that period, of 861,162 58 annually.
During the past year namely, to 31st
Dec, 18(3 tho coinage, Instead or being an
expense, has been a source ol profit, the
sum or $102,420 96 having been realized
therefrom, over and above the expenses.
' OCT While tbe Tremont House, Boston,
was on fire on Tuesday, a member of the
House of Representatives, moved an ad
journment, to enable such of the members
as boarded at the Tremont to ."look after
their wives, children, and other baggage."
The House adjourned. ...
Th "Know-Nothings," secret Native
American order. ntroduced about four weeks
ago into Washington oity, already numbers.
It is said, upwards of a thousand or' twelve
sented.. This is a fact honorable to the
r.ralt, and affording evidence of tho general
good character of ihose engaged in it."
JV. Y. Tribune.
of them were barreled at- Troy, New York,
and the barreld were marked with the ini
tials of the contractor's name, 'E. A.,' and
'U. S.,' for United State. The inspector
of these provisions was one Samuel Wilson,
called familiarly 'Uncle Sam
The total length of all five is 1,585 miles i time, to its bearings upon our eternal, statu
covering an area altogether of opwarJ of 1 -j Gods anointment as a d iy Tot our
i7v,wuu .iuurc lour..
Death of the Rhinoceros. The
Rhinoceros which has Tor some time past
been exhibited at Driesbarh's Menagerie,
Breadway, N. Y., died Monday morning
about 5 o'clock. The animal had been eat
ing hsy all night, and at the above time laid
down and expired in five minutes. This
Rhinoceros was the only one in this country
and wss valued at $10,000.
Tho death of this Rhinoceros is said
to have been caused by internal in
juries received last summer, by falling
through the bridge, a distance of thirty feet.
He was brought to tbe United State from
Calcutta about four years sgo, and was ten
years of age. .
Mr. Barnum, or the Museum, hss taken
possession or the mortal remains or "Gnn
jer," and has had his body removed for dis
section. The animal weighed, when alive
three thousand five hundred pounds.
Indian Outrages in Texas. Late Texas
papers report thai on the 9th ult. a party of
L pans attacked i train of Mexican cart
loaded with good for Hon. II. P. Bee, wi'h
ir three miles of Laredo, killing one mao
and carrying off a portion of the goods.
Another party, snppos d to be Lipans,
came within six hundred yards of tbe town
of Laredo, on the 12th, killed one horse and
drove off twenty head. Several ' Mexicans,
who were out herding caitle, are missing,
and it is feared they have either been killed
or rap'ured. The rancherous from above
and below are coming into Laredo for pro
lection. Nearly all the military from Forts
Mcintosh andEwell were out in pursuit-
religious improvement every man should
large u'e these sa:red hours for the present aba
6 . . . . ......
luiure service oi is jiaaer,
Famine is Norwav. Toe B: .it (Wis.)
Journal learns, by private advices from Ncr.
way, that the people of that country are eq'd
fenng greatly from famine. The cheapest
grains in the country cannot now be bad. for
less than 2 50 to $3 s bushel. Two or threo
clergymen iu Wisconsin have beep author
ized to receive contributions iu behalf of tliJ
California Emigrate. The present
prospects are that the -overland emigration
to California this year will be very small.
The BurliHgtu-n (I iwa) Telegraph save tlrat
few, if any, Cali'iuiir teams have as yet ar
rived at that oint. which has been hereto
fore a general thoroughfare. Tho press
everywhere is.ilent on the subject.
. . ii., i i
Sair Building at Bath, Mb. Tbo Bath
Mirror states that ihe aggregate value of
ships to be built in '.hot city the present
year, $60 per ton, will be about licomiUims
eight hundred and eighty thousand dollars.'
t orty, at least, will be built, tbo average ot
which will be about 1200. -
Foot-bot. Mr. Morgan, in the Wool
Grower, has a way of curing foot-rot, which
bo gives: ". '
"There has been much said lately of foot-
One day a workman was asked what the i rot in sheep, and as I have bad it in my
letters 'E. A., U. S. ,' upon the barrels sig- flock and effected a cure by a very simple
nified when ke said they stoo l fur 'ElhertJ method, I will state it for the benefit of
Anderson and Uncle Sum.' The joke took, I your, readers. I put . salt . between the
and spread among the soldiee, who after-, boots, snd rubbed them together until they
SAURDEKS.author of "Salad for theSolitarv'
is getting ready for the press a"Slud for the
social." He is fully capable of acquitting
himself as successfully with one as with
the other. "Salad lor the Solitary" ' was
one of the beat books of last year's publica
tion. - - ' ' - ' '
. ft3r An aasociation of fifty, families has .
j been formed in Cleveland, for emigration to
Iowa, as soon as tbe Homestead Bill be
comes a Jaw. . .j.
QCrOae hundred and nine hogsheads of
tobacco wre sold in Louisville on tbe 28tb
ult., at sn average of 876 pr bog'head, e
qual to f 7,630.
The subscriptions to the Dargart Insti-
w Tils, wherever they saw sny thing marked were quite chafed, and then put plenty of j tute, in Dublin continue to pour in. Tho
U-S.,' declared it belonged to Uncle Bain. 1 s ilt -between the hoofs, and the cure was 1 exhibition building is still open as a musicsl
By degrees it found its way into our rra-1 certnin.---! have told some of my friends
tional vocabulary, and may, for ought we and they have tried the plan with the same
"know, yet be voted to be a classical expres- success.
North Carolina Bank Notes, we see u
stated, ar now refused by ull the Banks in gJD NgWB.W regret to announce the
Petersburg, Va.,on the ground, it is up-!fact tiat the small-pox has broken out a-
posed, that they are located at points most
inconvenient for redemption in spec e.
The Petersburg Intelligencer considers it a
very unwise movement.
Supposed Murder. On Tuesday, the
wire af Basil E es, near Liberty, Frederick
county. Md., was round dead near her dwel
ling. The Frederick citizens suy it is sus
pected she was murderod,
Yeiww Fever is Peru. T. e fatality
of the yellow fever amounts to thirty deaths
per day in. Lima, and twenty io Calleo.
Many French and English hid fallen vie
t.ms, but no American. '
mong ihe pupils and inmatca of the Deaf
and Dumb Asylum. Seven cases, fully de
veloped are now under the treatment of Dr.
Dunlap, Physician to the Institution. Ev
ery precaution has been takod to prevent its
spreading.. ; - - ' ;-:-;,"
, The disease was caught by throe ol the
children from a younger child shown them
by an indiscreet mother living - near the
toll-gate. -- - s - . i -
The Trusteos held a meeting yesterday
afternoon to tako necessary steps to se
cure the comfort of the sufferers and to pre.
vent tbe spread . of the contagion.--Ixt
-J-Mr. David Hunt, a planter, of Miss
issippi, lust year gave away 812,000 to a
college, $5 000 to an .orphan asylum, and
83,000 to the New Orleans sufferers., -1 ,
CO" A nationsl tribute Is on foot iu Ireland,
Emigration West. The Hagerstownj
(Md.) News says that great number of the j
nennln of that county are removing this
spring to the Western States, principally to to secure an independence for John O'Qjto-
sm... t I ii ... ...kl. kin, Ia atlcnrf. n. In trrnntit.
Illinois, unio, iuwu anu uiivauu,..
: OrThe hair and feather trade of New
York city i estimated at 3.000,000, one
establishment consuming annually $1,
000,000 worth oT feather.
- fj-jrNapoleon' bed chamber at St. He!,
na, it is said, is now a horse atable, and tbe
room In which b died a grannery.
CrTh -Pennsylvania LegiWt.U has
appropriated 81M00 to .tilB fjottwrof jts
rug at Pittsburg. ' - .
nell.to enable bim to attend, uninterrupted
ly, io Parliament. . ., .
(ty During the last twelve month 4.027
gnl0tis of liqtior have been seised In Port
land, Mjine.of which 2,376 gallons were de
stroyed. ' 1 ' J "t ' ' ' ;
fjrirM'-.. Armstrong, ' an anti-Bentonlte,
has been nominated and confirmed as post
master at St. Xonis. . , '.
. QrrLtroartln is writing a took on Toi
kev; - be calls it "Tbe Th6uapd ,aadiBt
Nijhts of History .V''. . - ;