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JEV SERIES VOL. 1.
tyt XOtt &nzcin.
CITY OF L CSTER:
PUBLISHED EVRRY'THO'RSDAY Mornino
r S. SUUGHTER. EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
OFFICE Old Public BuildingSouta-enst corner
of Ihj Public Square.
Terms 31,75 per annum in advance.
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Yearly advertisers hve the privUego ol renewing
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tJ-All AdvertisemeoU under twolvo linn" onl
Thursday Evcniis.April 13. 18.11
, C. W.&.Z. Railroad. The long look
ed for 'itne when regular passenger and
freiirh' trains should commence running
between this city and Cincinnati has at
length arrived, and our businepa men (or
the first tim in the history of Lancaster
have an uninterrupted egress fn'rm our city.
Since the road opened to Oircleville, some
four weeks since, it has been doing a flour,
ishing business In the transportation of
' freight and passengers-fur outstripping the
most sanguine expectation of its best
There is not a man engaged in any kind
of business in this city nor a fanner along
the entire line who will not feel the influ
ence of this road at once, and feel it inst
sensibly at "that. Wo believe their will not
bo one stockholder in this road that will not
have his siock returned to him by the in
creased prosperity of his business, to say
. nothing o the dividends that muct bo dis
tributed. There is not a city nor section ol
country in the Union, with a properly con
structed railway, that havo not derived ad
vantage from it, and more than repaid them.
. selves for their expenditures in the great
increase of business hot lias been the legiti
mate results of a superior means of trims,
yiortatio'i, to sny nothing of the rise of ull
kinds of property reuniting from improve
ments of this character.
Commerce, manufactures, and Agricul
lore, on which th s country must base its
prosperity, and in the extension of which
... r.-.t :. -iwliiiolu r nnires ruil-
ne m -Hi uuu it, i
ways. The revolutions that this
. - f
transportation are making in
the ufi'air3 ol
the world, both to the major and minor con
cerns of life, are too striking in their char
ncter not to he obvious to the mosl unthink
ing. The immense -avWig f time in trav
elling and in the transportation of freight
the accessibility ol the means of transit at
ull seasons of the year, the governing pov
' crof these two udvantage in making trade
of eery kind regular und uniform arid in
preventing a stagnation in the receipts ol
produce at ono time and a perfect torrent of
them at another, are the principal features
on which are bused the triumphs uf the rail
road system, and these eminent advuntuges
our city and country can, murt and do com
But whilo we are rejoicing over the sue.
cess and happy rcsnl a of the road just com
pleted to our city, let us not forget that their
is another railroad enterprise oleven preai
or importance to our prosperity than this, an
enterprise, when completed, that will make
- our Valley a Depot of trade which will
make us tho most flourishing people in the
world. An enterprise that will enable us
to send forth manufactured wealth in all it"
various forms, and thul cannot . fail to at
tract tho attention of the heaviest capital
ists In the eastern cilica to this inviting field
We allude to thelloeking y llev route
which would open up the finest mineral re.
gion in the country. We believe that our
business has at last oeen made to feel tho
valu of the railway, and that our citizens
will now seek new quarters for new Blreams
of prosperity, and at no distant duy , there
will bejut least lhre railroads converging at
this end of the valley. The landholder, tho
. mechanic, the manufacturer, the merchant,
the owner of houses, and every man of bus
iness, no matter what it la, are all equally
interested in these great movements.
We have taken a vcrv cursory view of
the subject to-day, but hope that we hnve
said enough to ke p public attention nwuke
to the Importance of the question now be-
fore the citizens of the Hocking Valley.
We hope no friend to improvement will suf
fer himself to be idle on this subject.
Change Dorinq Thirty-Four Years -The
Hageratowit (Md.) Herald, in referring
to the execution in that town, uf the three
Cotterill lather and two sons in- 1820,
just tnirty-four years ago, for the murder nf
Adams, in Allegany county, men ions the
remarkable fact that the chief judge, Bu
chanan, who sentenced them, as well as his
two associates; all the lawyers engaged In
th cases; the clork if the c urt who ar
ranged the unfortunate criminals, and all
tils deputies: all the Ihlrtv-aix jur men,
(except Johp NefT;) the sheriff who inflicted
the extreme penalty of the law upon them,
' (his two deputies, Messrs. SamM Eichelber
. ger and Win. lies are still living;) the
- clergymen. (with one exception, the Rev.
B. Kurtz,1) who administered the consola
tions of religion to them: the printer who
-transmitted to posterity an account of their
sad doom: and no doubt, if it could be as
certained, at least three-Tourths of the im
" mense mas of twenty thousand spectators,
, who occupied the bills in the vicinity of ex
ecution, have all paid the debt of nature
since thi startling drama wts enacted.
The Cot tsrilll were arrested in Baltimore,
fast is they wer embarking on board tbe
' ship Franklin, for England.
A Just Compliment We take the fol
lowing article, complimentary to Messis.
Woodward Aj Stocuhton, from the Circle
C. W. & Z Railroad Enginetrt.
It is, we believe, admitted on nil hands that
the work on this Road haa been pushed with
great energy, and as rapidly as possible
111 tit generally i has been well done that
the Road has been located upon the best
route, without relerence to local interest.
T he road has ai good a grade as any in the
State, and wl. I, when fi ished.be in all re
ap ct a first Class Road.
The public, his awarded great credit to
the Directors and contr ctors, all of which
they well deserved; but for all the excellen
cies uf our Road we are also under great ob
ligations to our Cliiel Engineer, Mr. Wood
ward. The Hourd of Director have from
the beg lining Wl great confidence in Mr.
Woodward, and his judgment hus bee:,
consulted in reirarj to every important ques
tion connected with the Road.
Mr. Woodward is ojie of the most active
and industries men we ever knew; he haa
worked night and day, and exposed himself
to all inclemencies of weather. He has
had no pets or fuvorites on the Road, b'u
has, we believe, whon ieft to his own juilg.
ment, a'lvuys acted with sole re erence to
the Jin crests of tho Road. IJe is eiierj; ;;;
sober, moral, and a man of courteous and
polite address. We were much pleased on
first learning of his appointment as Super
intendent of the Road.
Mr. Stounhton, the Second Engineer, i.
also a young gentleman of excellent char
acter and high standing i i his profession,
and enjoys the full confidence ol the Hoard
and uf the public. Indeed tho entire corps
of Assistants under Mr. Woodward are
young men of excellent rep utation end
promioe in their profession.
Through lo Lancaster .The continuous
iron extension was made eastward y as f.i
us Lancaster, on Thursday last, by the Cin
cinnati, Wilmington nnd Zaneaville Rail
road Company; and tho iron horse for the
first tiine passed over that portion ol tho
course eusi ot Circlevilltf. On Tuesday,
(April II,) trains will commence their reg
ular trips between Cinsinniti and Lancas
ter. ''Our cousins ot L ncasier" allow
th mselves to be very considerab ly del at
ed in spirit, in view of this event and we
Uun't wonder. T is lini o!' intercommuni
cation opens up to to t ie people of Cincin
nati tho mot beautiful, productive, varied
and picturesque regions of Ohio regions
redolent of the most interesting clissic an
nals of ull this great Northwest. The peo
nlo of the City will find among the magnifi.
cent hiils and glens ol the Mockhocking, the
most iiivit ng summer retreats from the dust
and heat and din of their pent up precincts;
retreats, where plenty ministers to hospital
ily, mid healih and pleasure c nspire to im
part content. It is ElDjrado of central
Ohio O. S. Sour.
The New Hampshire Er.EoTinri. To
break the effect produced hy ha re
sult of the New Hampshire election , the Lo
cufoeo "Patriot"at Concord has 'tromped
up"a table of the politics of the members ol
-the Le-Tlslalu e ejected, by which n mnjority
of some fixteen is secured for Pierre and the
Nebraska bill. It can very well be under
stood tthy the figures, contrary to their
usuul snpriaaed tributes, have thus been
made to lie. The pointed and promatro-
buke which was admin.Btere'd to the Presi
dent by the verdict against the Nehrnsks
Hill, found hy the people of New Hamp
shire, cmild not hut have hnu a cnntroling
influence in defeating that bill in tho House
not to speak of the awkward predicament
in which it placeu win ivesincm inmsHii.
To have his own Slate thus arrayed a
gainst him setting an example of inKiibilr
dination to other democratic S ntes, and so
stimulating any opposition to the hill which
might be fel among the party at the North
was a condition of things hardly to be endur.
ed. And heuce the attempt to break so bad
a fall as was produced by the ballot of the
people of the "Granite State "
But the trick will not serve its purpose. I1
dose Dot "win." The p nple see thr ugh
it and the l.ocofoco Nebr ifka papers , af
ter making a feeble attempt to crowd it upon
the party as a lair representation of the real
condition of things, in New Hampshire,
give it up in despair.
The Concord Indepcnd -nt Democrat,
a ter silting the returns of the Patriot, and
showing their ful ity, thus concludes its ar
ticle: "What, then, becomes of the boacled ma
jority which that paper claims! It is all
pone: and he balance Is ull on tho other
side. But this calculation doe not
to show the utter discomfiture
overtrken the I'atriot and tho
tion. Not only Is tne party ot tne Aninin
istration beaten in the Legislature, but the
Administration itself is beal -ii in its own
party, a majority of whose representatives
have only se ured their election
nledr.es snd instructions to oppose the re-
pel of the Missouri Compromise, nnd to
vote for no man for U. S. Senators not like-
wise opposed to thul scheme ol infamy." silk breeches, and old felt hat too .itlle for
him, und sewed on the side uf the crown
0O"The Washington Star denies that with white thread, and an old dark colored
Fornet is about to resign ihe clu k ship of w;; but mv per nips wear some of the stoi
the House. Washington letter writers cn clothes ubove mentioned.
intimate lhat he will be driven to resign by
his extreme unpopularity with ninny of the
member. Aside from Ihe consideration of
bis personal u popularity, his pecuniary
connection with the official paper the nd-
.justmenl of whose accounts for very. large
sums is devolved upon the Clerk, ss the Au
ditor of the House should of itself work a
disqualification for ome.e. . The most sera
pulou discharge ol dui.v might not protect!
him from unworthy imputation; and a right
...... , .. .
minded man would hardly cous-nl to occu
py a position wberein he would be called
upon officially upon his ouv accounts. -O.S.
LANCASTER, OHIO, THURSDAY MORNING, APRIL 20, 1854
Dtspr.RATg Rencontre us thx Steamer
S. P. J. Trabuk. We have often heard ol
meeting a murderer on the High Sea , but
seldom have to record such scent, .if vio
lence as occurred on the steuiner S F. J.
Trabue, on l . Mississippi river, during her
recent trip from New Orleans. As is usual
at this season of the year, the boat was
crowded with deck passenger, chiefly flut
bu linen from the Wabash and coal-boatmen
from fittrfbnrgh. Among the lait r
was a set uf turbulent, quarrel,. me men who
were about half drunk when they gt on the
boat at New Orleans, and had a fight or two
among themselves, b'ore the boat left port.
C-ipt. Tucker .vas notified by a friend, who
recognized one or two of the men, that he
would have trouble with them, and they
would try to take the bust.
Soon after the boat was under way, and
befor she had proceeded" many miles up the
river, one oflhe Pittsburg coal boatmen at
tacked a Wabash man wl o was quiet ami
peaccsShle and had said nothing to him. and
knocked him down and eat him dreadlully.
Two uf his fi iends interlercd to save him
from ill usage, when they were beset and
beiueii nearly to death, and one of them had
his arm broken hy a blow of an axe in the
hands of one of the rioters. The deck bar
Waj open and another passenger, a small,
man, stepped upuT'er the fir t frav-and cal
led for a drink. While he was in the act uf
drinking, a hurley fellow, among the . oal
boatmen, stepped up and seized him by the
need, chouked hiir, and threw him to tho
deck as if he were a chicken, and then
'.:imped !:!.n. lie was Sl'ffjred to get up
ami as soon a? ho r gained bis feet hu drew
u uniie ami inflicted a terrible wound in the
big man's right breast, which p aced him on
his back during the rest of the trip, and on
the arrival of the boat here he was sent to
Not long after th s occurrence the coal
boatmen became perfectly w Id with liquor,
or their unxiety for a fight, and were heard
to swear that they would take the boat ai.d
do as they (.leased. The deck was crowded
with passengers, and the quiet and orderly
had no peace or rest, and were beset every
moment. Captain Tucker then determined
to quell the riot, ; lid st mm ming his creiv,
among whom were twenty-one Spaniards,
and arming tliem with short clubs.hatchets,
and whatever weapons he could, he march
ed to the lower dock und endeavored tore
store order and put the rioters on shore.
The rioters laughed at him, and one big fel
low shook his fist under hisnuse and defied
the whole crew. The Spaniards, i solid
phalanx armed with a club and a long knile,
were ordered to advance und seize the ring
leader. Then ensued a scene of strife and
c m fusion seldom seen on the deck of a boat
Th Spanvli crew,howcV'T were victorious,
a d managed to secure lour of the ringlead
ers who were lied neck and heels and peace
was at once restored. The duel ot the mob
was not catigh', and for several days c u!d
not be Timid, und it was thought that he, to
getlier with four or five others, ha.l jumped
overboard an either drowned or swam a
shore. Several ol the cub.n passengers n
ver that they distinctly saw three or four
men in the river, und us the affair occu-red
soon alter the bout left New Orleans it was
impossible to tell who was lost.
During the melee, s coal boatman or the
name ot Blakely was much hurt, and dan
gerously flubbed in the roar, lie was taken
cure ol by the oluers oflhe b.iat, and sent
to the Hospital. T e mate of the Trabue,
received a cut in the h nd from a knife
which he caught j is. as one of the mutineers
ma le a lunge at him.
The four that were arrested were put off
the boat soon alter the atfray was quelled,
and when the boat was i the neighborhood
of M.lliUin's Bend, the big fcllo that had
been missing, was found and was forthwith
set ashore. He had been secreted under the
cylinder timbers. No further outbreak oc
curred during the trip, though many threats
ivere made just b fore ih boat reached port.
The discipline of the Spa iards, arid the de
termination ol the nffic-rs of the boat, put an
effectual stop to the lawlessness of the coal
boatmen. Louisville Jour.
The Largest Flower. It is said that th
largest, and perhaps the most remarkable
productions of the floral kingdom, is the
flower called Rafflesia A'noldi liscover-d
in Sumatra by Sir Stanford Rallies and his
Iriend Dr. Arnold. This plant possesses
neither 6tcm nor leaves, but is a mere flow
er, which grows purasitically from the stem
of a species of vine. Its roots, whic h pen
etrate the vine, are very minute. The first
appearance of fi s flowe-- is that of a small
knob, or tubercle, on Ihe bark of tlioiu .
Tois knob, gradually increases until it at
tains the size of a large .cabbage, and at
length bursts forth into a gigantic flower.
It is said the diameter oflhe flower, is three
and a half leet, its weight 15 pounds, and
thJ hollow n the centre of Ihe capacity of
15 pints. The petals are an inch and a half
thick eurihebasj. , The color is a brick
red, inclining to orange, marked occasiol al
ly with blotches of while and deeper red.
The plant is dioecious the stamens form
ing a bea ded circle around a large fleshy
excresence in the centre, which is beset with
thorny projections, shuped like cows hums.
The flower is endowed with a powerful, al
though disagreeable cdor. ft period of ex
istence is brief.
From the Ph ludelphia Gaz.,Feh. 22,1733 !).
S Til LBN Ben. Franklin' Ne.io Stated
Bri-e.clies. Stolen on the 15th inst , by one
Win. L .yd, oot of ihe house of Benjamin
Franklin, nn hall-worn Soguthee ('oat,
lined with silk, four fine homespun . Shirts,
a fine Hollan . Shilt, ruffled at the hands
and bosoms, a p ir ot black broad I -th
breeches, new sealed and lined with leather,
two pairs of good worsted Stockings, one a
durk color, und ihe other a light blue,
coarse cambric. Handkerchief, marked with
an F. in red silk, a new pair ol calf-skin
Shoes, a boy's new castor hat, and sundry
olher things. . .
N. B. The said Lovd pretends to under-
I stand Latin and Greek, nnd has been a
Schoolmaster.. He is an Irishman about 30
I year of uge, tall and slim; hod on a lightish
colored grey coat, red jacket, a pair of black
W hoever secures Ihe said Thief so that
he may he brought to justice, shall have
thirttt shillings rew 'ard and reasonablo charg
es, paid by
Philadelphia, Feb. 23. 17389.
Rhode Island Thunder. Fn 1851, the
Locufoco of Rhode Island had a majority
ov -r all of 643; in Apr. I, 1852, 418; in No
- , ,aK.i A a
vember, 185J, 4o5; in 1853, 3,143; and in
1854, the Whig Govern r is elei t-d by 2,
628 mnjority over the Locoloco candidate.
It will driks on very forcibly that is b
fr" Nebraska settler." Zmu. Cour.
Friday Evening, April 11, 1851,
An Eleoant Extract The sea U the
largest of cemeteries, and its slumberers
sleep without a monument. All vruve yr s
in all other lands, snow S'wneninbol of dis
tinction be'ween the great and the small,
the rich and the por; but in that ocean
cemelry the king and the clu.vti, the pr lie
and the pea-ant, ar all !.ke uri i-itjiiguish-el.
Tho sme wave rolls over ail the
same requiem i -ung by the same minstrelsy
of the ocean to their Ttunor. Over their re
mains the same storm beats, and the -ame
sun shines; and there, unmarked, the weak
and the powerful, the pluined and the on
honored, will s'eep on until awakened by
thr same trumpet, when theses wil give
up its dead. I thought uf siiling over the
slumbering but deycted Cjukm n, who af
ter a brief but brilliant cureer, perished in
the President over th laughter-loving
Power who went down oil the nme I l-fnted
vessel, we may have pM-d.' In that eem
etry sleeps the sccomplisr-l an! pious Fish
er, hut where he and th ius ind o' the noble
spirits of earth lie.no one but God knoweth
Nn marble raises to point out where lie the
lens of thousands of Africa's -ons who per
ished in ti e "middle passagss!" Yet that
cemelry hsih ornain-nta ol Jthovah. Nev
er can I forget my day ani nights, as I
passed over the noblest of cenU'trie without
a single monument. Oiks.
Tub News. The steamer George L'.w,
from Aapinwall, and the Statin the West,
from S n Jtun, arrived at New Yrk on
Ss'.V'day last, with important intelligence
from PatiamOj Upper and Lower C litornia,
Mexico and Oregon 0ing to tke Eastern
telegraph wires being out of o.der, we have
not even had an abstract of this new.
From Oregon, we learn of a volcanic e up
tion, a shin wreck and a disnovrry of gold
fields. From Panama, we have the details
of the sufferings and eseape ol Lieutenant
Strain, and cheering accounts of the pro
gress inakirg in the construction of the
isthmus railroad. From Mexico', we have
important intelligence respecting the Alvard
rebellion. Walker, the Filibuster, ha
been shooting and scourging men in Lower
California, and forcing some of the inhabit
ants to taks the oath uf allegiance to his
government. From Upper Calilornia, we
learn that the rainy season was about over,
an I that the mines were yielding richly.
Several large lumns of pure gol ! had recent
ly been found. We have accounts of a fa
tal duel fought at S i ram-nto on the 9th f
March. The sufferings of Col. Fremont's
party had been dreadful, seven of ihem hav
ing died. The details of Col. Fremont's
misfortune', and ol other imp riant points
of news enumerated aoove, will be found in
another plac in this papr. Columbian.
Mr. Cuttiss'9 Accomplishments.
Speaking of these the N. Y. Mirror says:
"He is ihe best sh it we have in our pistol
galleries, his . arte and tierce at his fingers'
ends, understand the -'manly art" quite as
well as any privute gentleman that we know
of, and has withal the courage to stand
square up to the rack, whether in the right
or in the wrong.
"To tho proof. Dr. Hosick, the cele
brated surgeon challenged Mr. Cutting who
faced the music so readily . offering to meet
him at any time or place, and with any wea
pon, that the Doctor thought of it and let
him pass. Com. De.Kap, when a client of
his, once sent him an invitation to meclhiiu
with whatever weupon he biightscl ct. Mr.
C. cl oose nature's own, ami, in his office,
a'ter d reeling the clerks to keep the room
clear, gave the Commodore a puminolitig
that he long remembered. He will make
M Breckenr dge rue this quarrel, whether
he prefers pistols, rifles small sw rds, closed
digits, brick bits at twenty puces, or raw
hides at two."
A Contrast. James Monroe wa Presi
dent of'the Uuifd States at the time of the
passng" of the Missouri Compromise John
Qoincy Aduma, John C. Calhoun, W. II,
Crawlo'd,and William Wirt, were his Cab
inet rdvisers. The qu-stiou of i s censtitu
tionality was submitted to them by the
President. They determined it to he cun
bi ii ulionnl, and the President signed it.
Now, thirty-four years nftenvurds, an up
start pettifogger from Illinois, who is a bet
ter judge of brandy than ol constitutional
law, declares it to b contrary to the I on
stilution and anti-Democratic, and serviie
office-holders of the General Government
toss up their caps and cry nut "uncotistitu
tional repeal it." Indianopolis Journul.
Sentfnced to TnE Penitentiary for
I ife. The Spring Term of the t 'outt of
Common Pie s for Athens county adjourn
ed last Saturday evening, alter a session of
five days. The m -st importunt caie before
the Court was the State vs. Dennis ahea,
for the murder of Michael Collins a f"W
weeks since, the particulars of which we
gave ot the time ot ita uccurre- ce. in
defendant was found uuilty of murder in the
second degree, and was sentenced by
Judge Nash to confinement in the Slat'
Prison during life. The wav of the trans
gressor is tru y hard.4Men Mi.
fjrThe news by the Franklin is invest
ed with a melancholy interest by the intelli
gence of a terrible carthqunke in the south
ern pnrt ol Ital , by which ten tluuand live
were Inst. This appalling disaster is des
cribed as having occurred in Calabria, which
in 178:) wil the scene of a similar disaster,
but attended with four limes as great de
structiou uf life.
f"7"If you don't want to fall in love wit1
a girl don't commence flirting with her.
This courting for fun is like boxing for fun.
You put on your gloves in perfect good hu
mor, with the most friendly infection of ex
changing a few amicable blows; you find
yourself insensibly warmed with the enthu
siasm of tho conflict, until some unlucky
punch in the "venkit,"dceidcs ihe matter
and the whole affair ends in a downright
fight. Don't you see the similarity!
Theamelin Amerioa The committee
on Commerce in ihe New YorkSenale
have reported in 'uvor of incorporating the j
American Camel Company. The purpose
of the association is to introduce the A sialic
camel into the United State for ihe vati
oil purpose of transportation. - The cani-!
tal stock is fixed at one hundred thousand
03-We learn by one ol the passengers
on this evening's train that Conductor Per
ry, but for the timely interference of a col
ored man. would have been run over by the
car. We were unable to obtain tbe full
03rTh New York Tribune has raised
the price or advertising la Us weekly, to
fifty cent per line for every Insertion.
Arrams in Utah The debt of Utah
Territory amounts to 813,431. but the -inou'.t
of taxes due snd uncollected is 8lfi.
881. The Lgi.lature, to procure a (upp!
of fuel for 'he Saints, offers a reward of
81000 to sny resident who will disc.ver a
good cjcI mine not less than a foot snd a
half thick, and wiihin forty miles of the
-apltal. The Legislature ha also enacted
a law that no decuion of a court, at sny
trial, shall be held as s precedent on any
other trial. T .Saint have adopted a new
alphabet, having 3 i letters in it, which are
interdid to represent a many sounds. It
will be used in the schools a soon a they
can get type for it. though it is not intend
ed to ebolish immediately the old alphabet.
RepcbliS or Nicaraoca. It sppear
that Nicaragua has formerly announced her
severance from the Central American co .-
federacy, and constituted bersell s Repub
lic, thus abandoning all hope of reforming
the old league. A new constitution has
been adopted, which increa-es the Presi
dential term to four years, and gives him a'
most unlimited power. The army h is been
greatly increased, and the puy more than
doublo i. The Commissioner sent to ar.
range the boundary dispute with Honduras(
failed to do o, ss Honduras still Insist- up
on her ultra territorial pretentions. Anoth
er revolution was at the last dates appre
hended in Nicaragua, th" result of which
upon properly was much feur'J.
- OCrThe Tehuantepec R iute to the PiCo-
ic has always labored under the disadvan
tag - of warning a suitable harbor on the Pa
cific, but lately a most admirable one, i is
sa d, has h en discovered in the Bay of
Venlosa, which is closed at the west by the
highest of tne Morro, and open at the south
and east, w ich configuration of the Buy al
lows vessels to have iogress irrespective of
the quarter from which the wind blows. No
shoals are met with there, and every where
there is a good anchorage.
A Costly Business. A man named
Strong made use of seven profane oath-in
a magistrates office at Wiiorngton, Del., a
few days ago, for each of which he wss fined
50 cents. This so enraged him that, be
gave his tongue such loose reign it could
not be slopped u-.til the jus'ice put on sn.
other fine of $10, and ordered him to be
committed. Findi g it to be a rather cost
ly business, he '-knocked under," paid tha
fines, and was released.
The California Mines. The accounts
from the mining coun.ics of Cal foriiia.it is
said, were never more flourishing. The
m ners have h d an abundance uf water for
several weeks, and already the increas? o'
the receipt of gold dust there is very per
ceptible. In some locali ie the average
success is Btated to be upwards of 8 1 G per
day. In all the mining townsbusi .es is
Sr. Loots E-r.cTtoN The Benton Anti
Nebraska candidsfe for Mayor, Mr. How,
was elected by a heavy majority, and the
whole Benton ticket for city office was
chosen. Tne friends of Douglas bill made
a direct issue against the Benton ticket, and
we are glad to see lhat Mr. Bentou'j posi
tion was triumphantly sustained by l.is con
stituent. What is Aristocracy? In reply t this
quest. on, Gen. Fey, a distinguished orator
in the French Chambers, gave the following
"Aristocracy in the 19h renfury, is th
league, the condition of Ih ee who would
consume wilhut pnducing, live without
working, know without learning anvtliing..
carry all honors without deserving them, und
occupying ull the places of government
without being able to fill them."
Hon. Edward Stanly, forqer'y of North
Carlina, was lately fined $25, in Calilornia
for an nlledjed contempt of court, in inti
mating before a jury hat there was a con
sptrac. against a client of his. He imme
diately pi, id 'he fine, and subsequ ntly he
received a complimentary letter, (contain
ing Ihe amount of the fine) from thejury.
He acknowledged the com pi ment, but de
clined to receive the money, and recom
mended hem to devote it to some charita
Colt' Pistols ir Europe. Col. Colt,
it ie a id luw rpcpivml an order from the
British Gover m -nt to furnish their Baltic
fleet with 5,000 of his navy pistols, as soon
as i nssihle; and he is n tilled that the en
tire fleet is lo be lurnished wii n them The
srmory of Hartford ''onn., wiil be required
to do a good portion of this w rk. The Eu
ropean orders for Quit's pistols, it i suppos
ed will be immense.
The Chinese in San Francisco, compos
' j iug the secret society of Triads, hnve all
ueen urresieu lor invir eyiiii',.,u uc-p.-.ua-loiis
upon Iheir fellow Chinese, by means
of a system ot .errorism. The society ap
pears to be little else lhan n orgonized
band of robbers, who conspire together
to levy bluck mail upon the weak, defence
less und superstitious.
Q--Harman Blenncrhasset, sen of the
unfortuuatd Blennerhasset who was con
cerned in the Aaron i urr expedition, is
saiu lo UP living Ull UIC . w..... ...
New York, in great penury. Mr. Saffu.d,
of Cincinnati, author of the life of the father,
ha sent 600 copies ol the work to the mis-
: .1 . . I.. I;..: .u ,tlr,i.A P.., a t
eioiiary ladies ol the "(.Jin urewery,- to ue
sold for the benefit of the son.
Pennsylvania Public Works. -Tbe
House of Representatives of Pennsylvania
hus passed a bill to sell the main line of the
public works of that State "for 31 l.OUO.OOO,
UUi Ua Lite Ut'lioic uau irtriiut innru ts uitt
fixing the price at $10,000,000, it is doubt
lul, it is said, if the two bodies will agree
upon any one bill.
' OCrCount Riousset de Boulbon hss pub
lished a letter to the cnarge u Aiiair in
remiion lo ins cm rcnjj.oiuciivo
. i : . A
intercepted and published in Mexico. He
say that he went to ' Mexico on Slant An
na's Invitation; that the latter did not treat
him fairly, tod made to enemy of him by In
The cowded stata of our columns last
evening prevented us (rum say'inf any thing
in regard to th different committees hav
ing charge of lbs Railroad Celebration, on
Tuesday last. The committee of arrange
ments consisted of the fallowing gentlemon,
who .deserve much ire it for the otie and
satisfactory manner in h:ch they discharg
ed their dut:es:-CnAS. Borland, Ciias. D.
Martin. V. ScnLEicn, O. II. Pissr a.d
'I hey occupied delicate snd responsible
station, and acquitted themselves with great
The CommilUjf reception was com
posed of th following gentlemen: J. C.
Rankt, G. G. Beck S. C. Staxbacgh,
O. II. Perry, S. G. FoSTra. SI. a!
Daugkexty, D. Sir ror s ad.J. R. JJc
It requiers no little amount of l-tfor to
prepare, in so s' ort a time, fur the reception
of a crowd as large as the one on the occa
sion of Tuesday last, and wo refer to the
Committers at this late date in order that
our citizens may see to whose labor it is
they are indebted for their enjoyments oa
The Committee on dancing acquitted,
iherr.bclvus in a manner aliki creditable to
themselves and the occasion, but as their
names were not published we are without
the means of finding out who Composed the
The Artillery company, consisting of
Capt. . Sckleicii, Oliver Sioseburner,
Bent. Bi;i;tRFiELD, Geo. Rvoolfk, II.
Se- rs, Silas Jeffries, snd Wn. Neblisg,
deserve the prettiest compliment that can
be bestowed upon them.
The Lancaster Band discoursed sweetly,
and acquitted them-elres in a manner that
should secure the best wishes uf our citi
zens Wli 't) it is consid red that they have
bsen organized but a few week and taken
only twelve less ns, it must b; a matter of
surprize how they managed to play in such
exact unison. Long may they wave to en
liven our citizens with their sweet strain.
A Beautiful Impr vrment. We notice
th t our citizens on tbe south side of Main
street have added greatly tthe beauty and
comfort of iheir public school house by
planting a large number of beautiful shade
tree on the school ground. We take great
pleasure in noticing thia manifestation o'
refinement on the part ol the parenti.teach"
era and scholars S uth Tnere is no turer
evidence of highly cultivated taste than
improvements uf this character, and we
hope it will not be long ontil we are ena
bled to record a similar manifestation on
the part tf tbe citizen Nortb. There is
nothing that adds more to the beauty and
comfort of the school room than to be sur
rounded by tall trees and beautiful shrub-
I .. T .. ' . . . m..l. mw.,1 r.lm minwt. ,1.0,?
Urrjr. LI , HIV utuuiu aim iim uuiiib .0 j
graceful foliage with the locust and willow'
to screen the school room from the scorch
ing rays of the noon-day sun, and the rose
and lilac cast their rich fragrance on every
pasing br eze. Tutored among things fair
and beautiful, and surroundrd by their gen
tle influences, our yo-tha would acquire
habits of neatn ss and order, aud posstss a
purity of thought and refinement of manner
that cannot be looked for under present cir
cumstances. It will drive sway every care
and render the school room cheerful, agree
ab e and happy. Then let u have shade
Vieis cf Loneaslrr.Mr. J. T. Palju-
tary is now in this city for the purpose of
entering into airangcments for publ shing
a view ol Lancaster. He comes highly re
commended and we doubt not will be able
to give entire satisfaction provided he meets
with sufficient encouragement to justify hiro
in commencing a view of our city.
If he can succeed in securing one hundred
and forty subscrib rs, at 5,00 each, he a-
crees to publish, in oil color, a view of I
the city thirty inches in length, which will
embrace the whole of the city and the sur
rounding country overlooking the wholo
and making soc limilie of the place. Mr.
Palmatary is now stopping at the Ta'I
madge House where he will take great pleas
ure in showing specimens of bis skill aud
I forming the acquaintance of our citizens.
We bespeak for him a welcome
(CrThe editor of the Cincinnati Gazette,
in speaking of the late railroad celebration,
pays che fullewing very pretty compliment
to the s encry around our city:
"After breaklast the next morning, the
guest were taken in carriage to the foot of
Mount Pleasant, a high rock, presenting to
wards the town a precipitous front of some
400 or 500 feet perpendicular elevation, but
sloping on the back side so as to be easily
accessible-n foot. The view from the sum
mit is the most beautiful in Ohio, br the
West. The city, beaulitul for situation,
and the valley of the Huckhocking.for miles
up and down, and a lorge tract ef country
o'l around, lay stretched out like a map.
. . , a,.,,,. .ncainiT
, 1 hv - no scenery in the Slate surpassing
it, and we advise all who wish a pleasant
; tri p to the interior, to go and ee it." .
BroaaViy.-This street has at lost became
the great thoroughfare of the cily, and wo
are glad to see that our energetic Council
... j.irmined. du-inir the coming season.
j to ,.Ve it properly payed with good and sub
stantial paving stone, we uusi inry win
not for ret the importance of having the
nav- menta widened, as an improvement eo
r ... i i:..l. -.1-
: ....u... k-
Ull II n linn ui uimi.
1 f n in me WHV Ul lUl iO " i ,,,v in- wi .....
.!.....,.. .nc.nunt o1- trivial obi j. tio:;s to
l,liuiat,vii w w , L i i i -
thi or that part of the plan, but all proper ; j, it i4IH that Mr. Everett na inform;
sacrifices should be raid on the elter.o( the d . friend In Washington.-tbtit he-did o
pubHccood. j write the Hulsecsnn Ictlcr;-. y
WHOLE NO 1.4SO
''ran4iii filing mM i " jjinj
Hi writ about Dojjia Gooo.TU is the
simple but deeply expressive phrasj In
which the fife of our L-ard Jeso Christ is
set forth. There are many ideas among
men about doing good. Some are willing to
do good, but the trifling oc Asiuiis offered lu
every day life are too small .far their notice.
They wish to do good on a Iarg scale; nod
as they bavt not th ability ,or no favorable
opportunity offers, they do nothing. These
men are mere dreamers of lifs's responsibil
ities and duties.. Th? man that is unwilling
to do the small good within bis reach- wcalJ
be no better, disposed for more important
thing. Never neglect an opportunity for
good becaas it Is rmall. Life is a sum of
"Little ArCipH Blwa'er- V , u -
; lAule grains of land,
Form the nwjhty ocean,
Aad the pleasant land; .
Thus tbe little minute
Humble though they be,
Make the mighty s.es
Thu too, little error
Lead the soul away '
From the path of virtue,
OfTin sin to stray;
Little deed of kindness,
Little woid of love,
Make our earth an Eden,
Like the heaven above."
In truth these little milter are far from
being trifle if we reckon by their result.
Some persons are willing to do good when
sn opportunity oners, but they put them
selves to no troub'e to ssek out the sorrow
ful and the distressed. Indeed many would
rather give money to a beggar to get rid of
him, than make the effort to inquire wheth
er they are not wasting it upon an impos
tor. This is not true benevolence; it is
selfishness. It is s iving themselves the ef
fort, which true charity would inake.to with
hold encouragement from falsehood and to
bless the needy. Christ teen about doing
good. He did not wait for opportunities to
eime to him. And a little reflection may
convince us that the mo.t worthy objects of
charity are those we must seek out. Some
times through sickness orotherwise, they
cannot possibly command if we do not seslc
them out. they must perifh. Sometime
through modesty the most deserving per
sons wou'd rather suffer than beg. True
benevolence goes about doing good.
Doing geod. Some do mnch harm. To
refrain from doing good is often great harm;
but to go about doing harm is much worse,
perhaps of Christ alone it can be said, bo
did nothing but good.
The Salvatioii of the Soot No mind
can entertain a more important question
than thatthsStviotir ask. What is aman-
profited if hs gain the whole world aud lose
hi own soult Christ himself; the Maker of
the soul, ought to know its value. He, who .
gave his own life to redeex it, asks this un
answerable question; thereby showing that
he knew nothing that could b compared in
value to any man with bis own soul. And
surely the day is coming when any truobla la
learn the way of salvation, any pniris to se
cure eternal life, any self deniul to leave the
wsys of sin, will seem trifles compared with
a soul saved. Why is it the folly of sinful
man to awake too late to sea the value of
hi own soul!
Arrettof a Supposed Murderer. U will
be recollected that some time in February
last a man by the name of Patrick Tracy
wss found murdered in Amanda townhip,
this county, an J that a young man by lb
name of Josefh Ansbcm was arrested as
the supposed murderer, but on examinatieu
was acquitted. Sioce lhat I me fact havo
been developed which led to tbe belief that
a man by the name of J. T. Lawbance cam-
mitled the murder. On these fact coming
to light.Constable Richards was immediate
ly dispatched to New York lu arrest hire
and on last evening brought him t this city,
where he is now confined lu the county jail,
awaiting his trial for commitment, which,
takes place on Saturday next. Of cours
we forbear any expression of opinion.
05"Traius are now leavitg this city reg
ularly every morning at fifteen minutes be-
fore eleven o'clock.
The following are tho
emtitl connectad with the morning
j train: Henry Whilsbey, Chief EuiReir;
Sa el ;cKinney, Fireman; John ab
Hobke, Bsgsge Master; JohnJ Stroke,
i rt.eaksman assisted by John Silhas.
W. M. Knight, i the gentlemanly ion
duclor on thi train.
Wm Wa not vet learned the name
the oGcers on the evening train.
,rWiLLtAa Nebling, the young man
who met with the loss of one of hi arms on
Tuesday last, was brought to thi cily on
last eveuing. We hope be may have a
speedy recovery. Hi arm was amputated
some d stance above 'he elbow, yet he say
the only pain h feci is in the finger that
were taken off. This sensation is the ex
perience of ah who Lave been so unfortun
ate as to lo.e a limb. He has the sympa
thies of the com raujuy ;
Qr-We notic bv the Cinciunatl paper,
that Conductor Perry is winning boi of
friend all along the line. Glad to bear il
ea He. i eminently worthy the friendship
of oil,'. - ' v. - - .
Mr. SLAPGHTB:-We would recommend
,nimotated Water .works: lr. .
I r ... a..
Daniel or. rr --"