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i 1 1 N il .1 ;;v A I 1 if I - I ! i
I M I Ui
JUL U J IL U . XJ,
T" wv a . ' a-.
1 A . k: m
.uf.;irt- i h ; r
CITY OF LAKCASTEB.
VrtlBLlSHEB BVKRY THURSDAY MOUlHKO.:
T. 8. SLAUGHTER,; EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR,
OFFICE Old Publlo Building 8oaUat eamar
- ' s Bum ""t ,
'.TERMS-$1,60 per annum in advanoe.
' TERM8 OF ADVERTISING. 1 . .
One Square, 10 llnee (or leu) three InMrtioM .',. tl,0J
.Kith additional Inaertlntt ' ' '
. Three - ' ' .
' Ono-foartb. eotaatn
, One -third . , " . i .
" S.W '
I 10,110 .
fc Oiie-huu ,
' Yearly edTorttaera-bare ttao privilege of renowlng
4hetT advertlMiaanta. : . - '. . v
Jtyuiua Card, not exceeding one iqaan will
lie Inserted, for sutMcrlbera, at' $5,1)9 per years on"
aulscribori will bo charged 6,00. ' ' - i -1"
Thursaay Evening, Jane 15, 1854
&3TllT. Wise, ; the diirjng J3ronaut,
mftde his one hundred and izty-tliird as
etiUon from the court-yard of the Crystol
Falaoo, on Fridry last, at 3 o'clock. v- The
ascent owing totlio strong prevailing' wind
"vraa uecessarily rapid, tlio balloon : going
np as if shot out of a gunand reaching an
attitude of one railu in three miuutea. , The
Timet says: v , . . - : - -; ' '
It hung for somo moments under", the
dgo of a fleecy bank of clouds, when it
finally darted with uncommon precipitation
arfd became entirely lost to " view. ; The
most notic ible feature of the asocnt was tho
continual whirling motion , of the balloon,
occasioned by the imperfect construction
of th car, which was nothing more thah a
small basket two and a half feet in ' diamo
tyrJ : This Was attached by cords and hoops
to the balloon. n It was quite insutHcientto
toady the motion of tho balloon, and the
rotary motion must have been, exceedingly
disagreeably to Mr. Wise. ' ' ,: " . ' v;
As Mr. Wisk ascended, bills woro drop
ped from the car, as follows: . -
... - T NEWS BROM TIJK SKIEs! . t -'v ; '
. This bilj is dropped by Ifr.' Wise- from
Lis balloon, which ascended from the Crys-
til-Palace, this 9th day of June, 1054, and
will be exhibited there this eveniirg, with
H descriptioirof hi voyago by Mr. Wise. ;
--"Mr. Wise will make his second and last
Grand Ascension from the Crystal Palace,
on Tuesday, next,.! 3tli.inst.,' at 3 o'clock,
1'M." .. , -' ;
, The descent of Mr. Wlfg "was frightful
iii the extreme. - Bing cari'iad with great
Ppeod toward tho ocean which was lashing
the shore. VMr.' W. found t necessary to
oomo down by tlio run. We give Mr. Wish's
own description of his descent:
...When I got bclowtho clouds again, I
mw Flushing a little eastward. . The de
scent now became rapid,, and the strong
wind botow' admonishod.' me '"of a ' rough
landing. . Iivanpther moment!, my grapple
took, effect.. The jar broke some of the
rigging, the grapple ripped up tho sod,- and
the balloon bounded several hundred yards.
Next the car was dashed forcibly into a
ravine, and:, bolted moout. I heli on to
the -out side. The ballast being also
thrown out," gave the ' balloon 1 increased
power. She rose the length of the" rope,
while I was hanging fast to tlio car. In a
moment tho grapple again ripped up. tho
sod, and seeing my predicament that of
being hauled upi" With a moral certainty
that J. could not secure myself to "tho car
Jong-f-I made tlio fearful plunge of at least
4() feet into the soft meadow, knocking out
one ot my teothand slightly bruising my
jaW. " , : r i
Mr, Wirfa returned to tho Talaco in the
evening, and rcprted proceedings toa great
crowd. - , :, " '
r The balloon, wo suppose,, is in ' mid-air
yet) and tho set onaut may thank his stars
for being thrown put ."WrsBi advertises anf
othor ascent for to-morrow, . , ..
MrsTKaiouB. rWe are informoi that on
Monday or Tuesday last, a box was open
ed, at Kingstown, la., in which was found
tho body of a dead man. The box was
shipped ou the, railroad; it was supposed ..'at
Centrevillo. On reaching Kingstown, tho
scent issuing from it awakened suspicion
and it was opened. The man's throat was
out from ear to car. The only clue, so fur
as to who this man was, is found , in' tho
Centrovill9bri,of .last, week, which
says: ., .,'........';. i ;.
: A Mr. Thomas, from Dovor.in the norths
orn part of this county, started on last Sat
urday on foot for this place, to obtain a'
check in the hands of G..W.. Julian, Esq.,
Balling for something over 8200,000 but
has. not been seeit'cr heard of since. A
company of men started out on Wednesday
to hunt for him. , lie had hot obtained the
check Or moncy. ; : ' , ';' ;' '
Uobriblb Mubdkr . An atrocious mur
der was committed the night of tho 27th,
in McDonough county, Illinois, at a place
three miles from Fouutain Green, upon tlio
person of James Dye. About two-o'clock
at n mlit, the murdcrr went to the house, got
intu it, ana piaceu a piswi ui uis ureasi. ana
blew a larsro holo through his body. -Dye
sprung up m his bed and tlicn h6 received ,
fvith a hammer,
wrhieh killed him. His
wife is said to have ,
!beon lvinff in bed
wiiu mm, on iuu 3iu i,
mxt the waU.. The alarm was given and.
noiirhbors soon repaired to the house
Next day a Coroner's inquest was held,
and Stoakley P. Reah, one Burrows, a sort
of a preacher, and Rebecca Dye were at
tested for the'murdor. The circumstances
are stated with much detail in the Carthage
Republican,, and point to these parties as
the guilty ones. Dye had previously had
some difficulty with Rhea ana . Burrows on
account of their intimacy with his wife.
. - - ' '. ": ''"'-'" '. vi . .
A Gestij! HiHT.-r-'Why don't you get
married?" said a young lady the' other day
to a bachelor friend. v "Ihavebeen trying
for the last ten years to find some one who
trould be silly enough to have" me, was
the reply. ' "I guess you haven't been Up
' ur way was th'o insinuating rejoinder.
- NO. ;7;; ' YV C v :;. x::.
THB Pil)TEB PVHOMBTV .
Among the pupils ' of Albert ;Durer, in
Nuremberg,' was one whom he had receiv
ed, but of charity, discerning in him traces
of talent which be considered worth cultiva
tion.' This cultivation was not hopeless,
under the eye of the master, even; in, one
whohad.passed the age of forty, -who was
poor even to indigence, aud who had hith
erto contrived (o gain scanty subsistence
by painting signs on the coarsest tapestry,
at that time much used in Germany,' The
name of this man, on whom fortune seem-,
ed to have wreaked her utmost spite, was
Samuel Duhobert.; He was short in stat
ure, crooked and . ugly to a proverb, and
witbal had an imperfection iu his speech
that rendered his enunciation .difficult, and
at times uuintellisrible.- He ; was conse
quently the built of his fulloV pupils and
they were continually breaking jokes upon
him, which he bore in ': patient . silence.
Still harder to endnre were the' unfeelinir
taunts of Madame Duter. who occasionally
visited the studio, and always bad . some
thing harsh to say about the pupils who
brought her husband no ' recompenco for
his trouble.; Iii' short, poor , Duhobret's
existence was joyless enough; and it would
have been a burden . intolerable, with his
crust of brown bread, when he had it at
homo, and his lonely life abroad, but that
ho sometimes found himself able to escape
from toil and humiliation iuto the country.
There, under the free sky, with the smil
ing landscape around him, with tho sound
of streams and the - song of birds ' in his
cars, the heart pt the desolate artist would
expand.' He amused himself with sketch
ing some of the beautitui country seats in
the neighborhood of Nuremberg. ' In this
pleasing occupation, and with no one near
To laugh and jeer at him, Samuel was no
longer the same man: A he - abject ana
melancholy expression ' disappeared from
his face, which lightened and ' glowed with
the. strange happiness he felt, as drooping
plants revive and brighten in oolo runder the
influence or sunshine. : ' ' ''
ChoosinV'some quiet and. sholtcred spot,
Duhobret was. acicustomod to pass many
hours of tho day seated on tlio - turf, with
his portfolio on his lap. . it was then that
he produced those happy touches which
gave himself confidence to undertake labors
ot more importance, ana enorgy to snrniK
from no toil or ' privation, vv hen . he . re
turned to the city ho carefully put aside
tho unfinished pieces) not. daring even to
show his best sketches; for he knew they
would bring upon him a double ' portion of
scorn and derision. ' He applied himself
quietly to his daily tasks in the studio, and
whil'j ha improved in tho mechanical pari
of his art; nourished-conceptions thntgavc
him a world of hisowti crea'ion.
Every day,; as a ' trencral rulo, Samuel
came early to the studio of Durer; ' and re-
mainca uum evening. : iudii uo reureu w
tho comfortless cell in which he lodffed.and
worked in tho silent hours of night totrans-
fer to his canvass the dreams ot beauty he
had brought from the country, Ho., sub
mitted to incrouibio privations Co obtain the
means of procuringpenoils, color8,eto.jnay,
so ardent was his longing for progress with
out obstacle, that ho is said, by the histor
ian of his life, to have r been only withheld
by stern principles from stealing those indis
pensable articles from his companions. '
- Thus passed three vears; ana uuring iimv
tirrio neither Albert Durer nor any of his
pupils knew of the nocturnal labors of Du
hobret. How the powers of his physical
nature were sustained under tho incessant
tasking of thoir energies,. it is impossible to
imagine. .-. - . - . ,
Jiut naturoat lastgavc way. lho paint
er was seized with a fever which , rapidly
reduced the little strength that remained
to him. - No pub came to see what had be
come of poor Samuel, though for a week
he had not appeared at the' studio.- No
one had the humanity to supply his wants,
though he had. not for many days tasted
food, merely moistened his lips with water
that stood in a stono pitchor that stood by
his bod side. As tho fever abated,' the
wild dreams q delirium , vanished,, and
Samuel thousrht himself near to . death.
. .... .
t or the- hrst time a bitterness enterea ms
soiil. He "felt a desire to preserve; tho life
which seemed so worthless to all the, world,
lie must procure food, and adopted a reso
lution: -'.. v - " '- : -
Havin risen from the miserable, couch,
ho took undorhis arm the last picture he
had finished, and went out, taking his way
towards the shop of a vender of pictures.
The piooo was one On which he had bestow
ed great pains; but he resolved to sell it for
whatover price, was offered, if only enough
to purchase a single weal., v .
- As he drasired himself with difficulty a-
long tho street, ho passed a house in front
of which a crowd were, assembled.:" On
inquiring tlie cause, Duhobret learned that
a groat sale was -to take place. Vanous
works ot art, coilocted aunng tniny years;
by an amateur, whose gallery was the ad
miratiou 6f all Nuremberg, were to be sold
at publio auction, tho death of the owner
having occurred. ''' ,. ' 4 .
: Struck with the nopo ; or nore unuuig
market for, his painting, Samuel pressed
through the crowd to the salosman, ana Dy
dint of entreaties, and the fooling of com
passion awakened by his wretched aspect,
prevailod on him to allow tho piece to bo
offered at auction. The price at which ho
estimated its worth,' Was three thalcrs.
.. it 0 i teja the artist to himself; "tho
, ,:A mo bread
for a week
f. lrnL.JL Mn k, fnuiid
rrti.. ' . . . . ...M!.ul nnfl nrlfin$ttj.rl
anxious artiRt stood noart. At last It -was
-j .r-..j t.-r-r. . - ..'
set up for sale., -The monotonous voice of
the auctioneer repeated "at 1 three thalers
who will buy1 it? At. three" thalcrs!"rr
Thore was no response. .... . .
The Stricken Samuel groaned, and buri
ed his face in his hands. It was his best
workl,Tlm salesman ; called,'; "attention to
its beauties. "Does it not seem," he said
"that the wind is really stirring the foliage
of those trees, and that the loaves bent as
they glitter in the sun? HoW pure and
crystalline is the water! what life breathes
in the animals that come to drink at that
stream; and the' Abbey of Nuremberg,
with its fine buildinirs.' and the village in
the" distance," &c, "'..''-"
LANCASTER, OHIO, THURSDAY MORNING) JUNE 22, 1854
"Twenty-fire thalors,, said a dry ' weak
voice, and the sound startled Duhobret
from th stupor of despair. .. He - raised
himself on his feet to see whose lips uttered
the blessed words. It was the picture
vender to whom he had first thought of of
feringhis work.. ' t- . -. s"
'Iifty thalcrs!" cried another sonorous
voice. The speaker was a large . man,
dressed in black.' -'''.''
"A hundred!" responded the picture
dealer, evidently in a considerable vexa
tion. His adversary was eouallv Dromnt.
"Two hundred thalers!"
'Three hundred!" ; , ''.;": , ', ; -"Four
hundred!"- -...0 ' - . .', '
"A thousand!" , ' ,- , . :,
-There was silence smonsr tho spectators.
and the crowd pressed eagerly around the
opposing bidders, who liko two combatants,
stood in the center, v " ,
The countenance of the picture-dealer
showed his agitation In spite of his forced
calmness. .. After a moment's hesitation he
cried, "Two thousand thalers!" . ...
; "Ten thousand" responded the tall man,
quickly, while his face glowed with anger.
"Twenty thousand!" The Dicture deal
er grew pale as death, and clenched his
hands violently, ihe tall man, in increased
excitement, bid forty thousand. .The look
of triumph cast upon his adversary, was
too much for tho picture dealer; and, his
eyes flashing rage, he bid fifty thousand.
now was it meanwhile with poor bam-
uel? Ho thought all that passed a dream;
and strovo to awaken himself,, rubbing his
eyes and pressing his hand to his forehead,
while the contest, for his picture ' went
on; -.-' '
"One hundred thousand!"' soundoda
voice in accents of desporation. ,
"One hundred and twenty thousand! and
the devil take thee, dog of a picture
dealor."'" '' ' . .
The discomfitted bidder disappered in
the crowd; and the tall man, who had prov
ed victorious,' was bearing away the prize,
when a lean crooked, emaciated,, squalid
being, presented himself before him. Tak
ing bim for a beggar, tho purchaser, otter
ed him a small piece of money." '."'"''.
"If it please you." faltered Samuel, "I
am the painter of that picture.'
I he tall man was Count JJunualsbach,
one of the richest nobleman in Germany.
He tore out a leaf from his pocket-book
wrote on it a few lines, and handed it to tho
artist. , - ' ' .
"Here, friend," he said, "is the order
for the nmount, which thou mayest receive
Adieu." And he passed on. '
Samuel finally persuaded himself that all
was not a dream. He became, the owner
of an estate, and laid many plans for living
at his ease and cultivating his favorite art
as a pastime,, when , an liidigcstiou ended
bis days. The- picture - thai had- brought
fortune in so singular -a manner, remained
long in the ' possession of Count Dundals-
bach, andis now in the collection ot the
King of Bavaria. , - ;
Go it Gals Ws'll hold Your Bon
nets! "Mr. Ross has been lecturing on
temperance in Hannibal, Mo., upon invita
tion of the Sons, and the liquor sellers be
came so enraged that. they, threatened to
1- 1 '. ' r - l . . rni.
moo mm u lie spoao -agaiu. i"u cuubc
quence was the next day ho could get ' no
house in which, to speak, all being atraid
of tho mob, and. he left whereupon the la
dios took the matter in hand, and drew up
an invitation for him lo return, and leatnro
again, promising ; him protection ' at the
risk of their honor and lives, also a house.
He accepted the invitation, came back, and
was mot by the ladies at the wharf with
banners flying', welcomed back and escor
ted him to his hotel thence to the church,
This was, repeated several days no pno
daring to molest them. lie delivered his
course of lectures to large audiences, and
completely revolutionized the town.' .
Heavy Vebpict. During the campaign
of 1852 a man named Pierce fell into a hole
in Sacramento, California, which had been
dug for the purpose of ' planting a liberty
pole, sustaining very severe bodily injuries
and sufferings, and after nine months his
leg was amputated. A jury gave him 910,
000 damages. - .
Wn.At Does it Mean? The Cincinnati
Enquirer, the' leading Locofoco organ in
Ohio, says: " : ;; : ' "
"We understand that some rich develop
ments will como out, iu regard to the Board
of Public Works, in the course of a few
days. Nvfced,!" ' : " ;
Great Tunkeb Meetino. A meeting of
the Christian denomination called Tuuk-
ards, from almost all parts of the Union,
was held last week and Sabbath, a few miles
from Ashland, in Ashland county. It is
estimated that there wore from 15 to 20,-
000 persons on, tho ground. -Shield atul
Manner. . : - t .v..
Danger of False -Teeth. At one of
the late anniversaries in Boston; a rever
end speaker was earnestly pleading for the
qause which he represented, when a fine set
of false teeth, , which occupied his month
dropped out upon the floor. The ; gentle
man was obliged to regain possession oi nis
wandering ivory, before he could proceed ,
Power of Conscience. We find the
following notice iu tho Washington Union:
; '.Treasury Department; June 2. ;
The Secretary of the Treasury acknowl
edges the receipt of 1 1,968,58, sent from
tiivcrpool, England, on account ot import
duties, by some person unkuown: to the
Department. -.- - ';.
i Three murderers were sentenoed at New
Orleans last week.. ' Two of them, for tho
murder: of thir wives, to the .Penitentiary
for life, and one to be hung., r,;.V
. : There were 147 deaths in Chicago in
the month of May: in Cincinnati there were
' W. Suiad, Esq., The Ci&innati banker,
has made a donation of &l 000 to the Wash
fangtou National Monument. ;-, ! .' '
r -: JtWF. Mi Ellis; U. ,8. Consul to Buenos
Ayres, started this morning for .the' field of
his future labors, Our best wishes go with
Friday- Evevlnff, Jae 1, 1H34
China. A eorrespoadeiit of . the New
York Commercial, "writing from China un
der date of April 8th, says: A -For
many months we have known noth
ing of the movements of the northern army
of the insurgents. ' After penetrating to
within a hundred miles of Pekin, they went
into winter quarters, and no actions of any
importance have since taken place. Tre-ping-wang
maintains - his position, and
when certain reinforcements reach him,
which have been seen moving northward,
he will probably maroh , for the capital.
There great distress prevails, and the pov
erty of tho treasury leads to increased op
pression. . . , ;
The issue of paper- money and the - de
basing of the copper currency have been re
sorted to by the government. Pekin must
fall, and then the army of Ihe North will
spread itself over lie adjoining country, and
take possession ot hoo- Chow and Hong
Chow and other rich cities, which it has
only to attack.' Tho districts for a consid
erable distance around Nanking have
peacefully submitted to the insurgents, and
the taxes for some months past have been
collected by insurgent's officer.
lo the Mouth and West more activity has
prevailed. Nearly all the cities ot Ngunhwai
and many of Hupeh are occupied by tlio
rebels, who do not merely capture and pass
through as formerly; and lately wo have
heard of the capture of Wuchongand Ilang-
kaw. Two days since the powerful city of
uiiangsna was reported lost. ..... Although
i ..... . . , .
some part of this information may be- erro
neous, tho tenorof it plainly indicates the to-
cu destruction ot liovcrnmontal power in
tho interior. - Within a few days goods in
tended for - the -' tea districts have been
brought back, the owners finding it impos
sible to pass them thro the country." ;
' Warm weather is now rapidly approach
ing, and tho camp at tho North will soon be
broken up. If Pekin tills, the power of those
cities which has hitherto adhered ij the
Emperor, must pass into ' the hands ' of the
ucw party, and Cauton can scarcely be ex
empt from such change. : Looking at the
hhitoiy of tho past year, and the rapid - pro
gress of the insurgents, it seems probable
that the comingsummcr will decide the fate
of China, and it is very desirable that some
result be reachod. 1 he exigencies of com
merce demand it. " '
Convicteofor Mrder. The trial of
Aaron Leech for tho murder of ' Levi Mc
Lauglin, at Allensville, Vinton . county, in
October last, was concluded at McArthur,
before tho . Court of Common Please, of
Vinton county Judge Peck presiding.
Messrs. Bingham, Prosecuting Attorney,
and Plyley prosecuted in behalf of the State,
and JUessrs. it.. U. .llottman and 11. is.
Bundv were the Counsel for the prisoner.
The jury, after an absence of an hour, re
turned a verdict of mcrder in ' the first
oegbee. The prisoner received the ver
dict without emotion; whilst his parents
and sisters exhibited tho deepest distress.''
A motion for a new trial was made this
morning, but was overruled by the judge.
Tho murder was committed on the ovening
of the last State election, by breaking the
skull of McLaughlin' with an iron pound
weight, tho prisonor having previously
threatened the deceased with death.
Athens Met. : .
Gen. Kosctcsko's Estate. A suit has
been commenced in thcU. S, Circuit Court
at Columbus, Ohio, by Maj. Tochman, on
behalf of the heirs of General Thadeus
Kosciusko, to recover certain . lands in
Franklin county, .which wero, granted to
him by Congress in 1800, for his military
services during , the 'revolutionary war,
These lands lie twelve or fifteen miles north
of Columbus, and are in the Western mili-
tary reserve. ' " r '
Cattle Feedino in Ohio. The Scioto
Gazette gives a list of 64 cattlo feeders in
Ross county, who, it says, will averago 100
cattlp apiece to the season, and somo so far
exceed that that the number annually fat
ted in that county may safely be set down
at 7,000. - At present prices, they will av
erage $50 apieco) making the good sum of
9350,000 annually for the cattle sent from
that county v ' ' " ' '
' TTwyw Noi-niNo' Items . The New York
Herald of" Thursday says! . Tho recent oc
currences in Jfhiiadejpma, wasmngton ana
Kingston, are only tho forerunners of a rev-,
nliitinn -o-liirh will he liable to unset the best
laid plans of politicians for the next year or
two. t reparations are Deing maue at.
Plovplnnd. for onranizinsr a larere branch or,
division of the "Know Nothings," and it is
stated that 8,000 men are ready to step in-
. ' n, ..TT T .1 . I
to the ranks, t ine, -ivnow ioinings; in
fiolnm MaasnrlniKetts. elected their candi
dates for Mayor and Aldermen, by a ma-
JOntyOI VI TOWS. lliu luqiuu uoiuuioiiuu.
every body. At tho charter , election in
w.likom Mnsa , th "Know- Nothings"
MUfW'u, " , ' o
carried their ticket by 275 majority.. Tho
whole vote polled was oniy, ou. . ry...
T Singular Stock. Robert . Scott. Esq.,
of Woodford county, in -Kentueky, who
owns one of the splendid iarms oi mat ro
ninn Iioq a lnrrA nond of" water upon tho
domain, by which he has half domesticated
. ... . i
8 flock of wild geese, lie nrsi procuruu
eleven and cropped their wings,: which re
claimed .for a season. They migrated
northward in the spring, and returned in
the fall with their luiinoagoa young, xue
flnelc now mimberstwo hundred and eighty,
and it increases annually, y " ';. 1 . ,
' A Valu able Hint. . -
ril tell you a plan for gaining wealth, .
Better than banking, trade, leases;" . .
Take a bank-note' and fold it up, . ; ''.". -And
then, you will find your money t-
'.-' CREASES. -.;'-' "- - ;
This wonderful plan, without danger or loss,
Keeps Jour cash in your own hands, where
v nothing can trouble it; . (
A iwLavat-v time that tou fold it across. ' " -'
it s aspiain as tne ngnt oi ae it, ui
.. . . t -e ..v. .J... A.l
.Th Basis or Goon Fabmijio. Mr.
Itaae Moon, who fknnsone hundred and
fifty acres of clay loam, with limestone dif
fused through it and in position (and nre
ly so better soil could be desired than this)
on Ckiver-strcet, Brighton, Monroe County,
N.-. Y., writes us that his usual average per
acre are as follows;
-Indian Corn: 75 bushels; extra yields, 80,
90 to 100. ' J
PtAato: formerly 250 to 400 bushels;
latterly 200. -
Wheat, (50acres:)25to35and40 bush
els, rarely 50. , j - , .
' OaU, (Dttlcsown:) once 489 bushels
from five acres; seed 22 bushels.
Hay: to 3 tons; once 4 tons. : ..
-These are largo crops; and we are not
surprised to learn that Mr. Moon has built
the "Clover-st, Seminary," and ondowed a
Professorship out of , tlie profit of such
farming. . But haw he dot tl is the import
ant point.' ' The natural richness of bis soil
is undoubted; but a majority of farmers on
just such soils do not obtain half so larne
crops. Here is his explanation: ' -
; "I never sell straw: this goes back in
some shape to "the . land. My bam -yard
yields me many hundreds of wagon-loads
ofmanuro; what I fail to get on to my lands
in the spring of the year I keep as 'bank
deposite' till autumn.
' "But Clover and Plaster are the great
fertilizers of the soil of Western New 1 ork.
When I sow Wheat, Oats or Barley, I sow
ten to twelve pounds of Clover to the acre,
and in the spring dress down, with two
bushels of Plaster to the acre. Any farm
er who will follow this process for fertiliz
ing need never go to Peru to obtain Guano.
His farm will never run- down. I have
cultivated roots but '.little. What I have
done, I have found profitable. Many neigh
boring farmers cultivate lai'gelyof Carrots,
Bcots and Turnips for stock and teams."
N. Y. Tribune. -
.. Progress of Liberty. Tho Washing
ton Star, one of the organs of ths Adminis
'."The only possible plan on. which to lay
the foundation for the business like trans
action of the affairs of Congress, will bo to
adopt . the English Parliament's custom of
refusing to permit gentlemen to occupy the
timo of Congress with set tpecches, who
after one or two trials, show that they arc
not likely, on taking the floor, to shed real
light on the subject formally under consid
eration." j ... , ' '.,; .
To which the New York Commercial Ad
vertiser appends the; following comment: '
The Star anticipates ' that Congress will
not adjourn before September. The Star
makes the following suggestion' ,in connec
tion .with the subject of long Congressional
sessions. If adopted it would silence many
of the supporters of the present Adminis
tration. ... ... ......
. We beg to know what would become of
Gen. ' Cass, and several other collapsed
magnates, if the nation should refuse to pay
gentlemen eight dollars "a day and extra
mileage for sitting to hear them.' Nobody
would listen without pay, Just think of
the Cass controversy with Bishop HuonEs;
the. Douglas onslaught upon the Chicago
Clergy, and the like. : " ',:
Uur remedy would be, however, to send
hotter men; not suppress liberty of speech.
The locofoco policy seems to look to good-
for-nothing men as indispensable; and then
make the faot of bad or- worthless men an
excuse for tyranny.' Such is the progress
of despotism the world over. Ohio State
Journal. ", '. :'. ,'-.'!
Strange Superstition. The Norwich
( Conn.) Courier relates a strange and al
most incrediblo tale of superstition recent
ly enacted at Jcwett City; in that vicinity.
About eight years ago Horace Ray of Gris-
wold died of consumption. - Since that
time, two of his children, grown up have
died of the same disease, the last one dying
some two years since. Not long ago the
same fatal disease, seized upon another son
whereupon it was determined - to exhume
the bodies of the two brothers'already dead
and burn them, because the dead were sup
posed to feed upon the living; and so long as
. , ,i i , i ' i . -
mo ueaa Doay in we grave- remaincu in a
state of decomposition, either in whole or
part the surviving members of the family
must continue to furnish the sustenance on,
which that dead body fed. , Acting under
the influence of this strango . and blind su
perstition, the family and friends of tho der
ceased proceeded to- the ' burial ground at
Jewett City on the 8th inst, dug up the
bodies of the deceased brothers and burn
ed them on the spot, . - ;
A Woman's Riorrrs Woman Riant Xot
a Bad Hit.--M.T&. John Milton- Eaile, of
Worcester, presided,? over the recent Wo
man's Rights Convention, in Boston. Up
on taking tho chair, according to tho re
port in the BostonJEVwKn.7 Travehr, she
said "it was with many, misgivings that
she accepted the position which they had
assignodto her.. There was a tradition
that in the beginning twelve baskets full
oftalk were let down from heaven, and that
woman had appropriated nine of them.
But she was not a talking woman, and she
would entertain them, with no introductory
address. She would merely suggest that
all speakers should condense their remarks
as much as possible, so that every one
might havcan opportunity toepcak."-.Cf;
ing Post,' .- -. -
Mouknfc l Casvalw. This day about
n0,m. a sad casualty occurred at the new .
Pncl,;o., fHinrrr. unrlor war of liom-",
pletion. Mr. Alexander Derr, a Carpenter,
was up 6hingioing tne cupaio aooui, sixty
feet from the ground, and when, about to
I descend for dinner, ho stepped upon a two'
inch Plank which was loose ana proiectoa
from the platform, and the pianx ieu ana
tipped him off. He fell upon some timbers
. . e i TT
between and .was hoirimy masnea.- ne
breathed, uo more.- His age was about
nineteen, and he was a worthy youth. Mr.
Michael Weston,, a Stone mason, who was
naintinir the stone work, and on the ground,
was struck by the falling plank, and died
after half an hour's suffering. He leaves
a family and ' was
much respected. Sam
. .. . . ,
DascairTiOM or turn D . nm ,
The Dardaaelles are four strong , castles
built upon the European and Asiatic enati
of the .Hellespont, opposite to each other,
and commanding that strait, they are re
garded as the key to, Constantinople. The
name is probably derived from the old city
of Dardaouro.. The entrance to the Hel
espont is defended by two castles, because
they were built, (subsequent to the other
two,) in (lie middle of the seventeenth cen
tury, under Mahommed IV,, to afford pro
tection to the Turkish fleets against the
Venetians. The distance from one to the
other is two miles and a Quarter. Four
hour, sail to the North are the old castles
built by Mahommed II, immediately after
the conquest of Constantinople. They are
not more than 1.600 yards aparC ..... .
Farther on, ih cnamraL-becomea nar
rower, and at B Lour tud a halTassul from
the old castles, two promontories, about
750 yards apart, suddenly appear, and from
that strait rendered famous by the bridge of
series, oy ine nightly visit of Ixxmdias to
iit-ro, ana by the passage ofSolmoan span
a pare raiL. ihe lurks , bave been- ex
tremtly negligent of the celebrated . castkss
of the Dardanelles, and at times, they have
been almost completely in ruins. The
guns with which they are provided are said
to be very largo 26 English ft. long, and
23 inches diameter of bore. .The old cas
tles are now referred to. and when the
Dardanelles arc spoken of, the last erected
castles are meant, -V. Y. Sunday Timet.
X2TLct the doctrine be established that
bank charters &Tcconlracts,"laraaint," and
cannot he repealed, and the liberties of the
people are gone. Every act of the Legis
laturc takes away a portion of the people's
sovereignty, and' if beyond the powr of re
call, future generations must be slaves.
This is the doctrine of monarchists, monop
olism ana money-mongers only. nam
Uur contemporary knows full well that
f,r years past the Legislature has not tho't
ot granting a perpetual Hank Charter; all
these charters are for a certain number of
years, aifd not a long period at that hence
it is nonsense to say that every Legislature
takes away a portion' of the people's sover
eignty bevond recall. -
Moreover, the remedy is complete by en
grailing upon . the charter, under proper
conaiuons, the right ot repeal. ; All we ask
is, that when a contract is made it shall be
performed to the last article. We care not
how guarded the Legislature, may be in
granting privileges and the more guarded
the better but when once rights are given
let them be held inviolate.- Cleveland Her
ald. - ':'.
Another Proclamation Against Filli
busters. :The Governor of Honduras has
issued a proclamation against the alleged
designs of a company of adventurers from
the United States, composed of English,
Germans and - Americans, who . intend to
plant an American colony upon part of the
Mosquito territory; which they have seiz
ed, under pretence of a sale from the Mos
quito King to John Sebastian . Kenswick,' a-j
merchant of London. Such an attempt, it
is alleged threatens the dignity and. the
rights, as well as the interests, of Hondu
ras, and the Governor appeals to the sense
of justice of the United States and all civ-,
ihzed nations against it, . '
Liuertt of Conscience. The principle
of liberty of conscience that the constitution
of the United States guarantees to all sects,
has just been again defeated in the British
parliament, which has decided that He
brews shall not hold a seat in that body,
unless they subscribe upon the "true faith
of a christian,in takingthe members' oath.
Lord John Russell endeavored to have this
civil disability removed from the Hebrews,
but a mtjority in the House of four only
defeated ' the measure. England, while
forcing the Sultan of Turkey to extend civ
il equality to' his christian subjects, denies
it to a portion of ber own population.
CouNTr Subscriptions of Railroad
Stocks. The Supreme Court have decided
as will be observed by the reports in this
paper, that laws prior to the adoption of the
present' constitution, authorizing county
subscriptions of Railroad stock, are yet in
force. .1 his decision will have an impor
tant influence upon many roads now in pro
cess of construction, and may enable some
to weather a financial storm which other
wise would have compelled them to - sus
pend operations. Statesman.
Jbnkt Lind Goldschmidt. A letter
from Vienna says that Jenny Lind Gold
schmidt is at Vienna, giving concerts. She
appears somewhat older, but retains the
frankness and simplicity oi manners wnicn
have characterized her above all 'other ar
tists. She informed the writer of the let
ter of her expectations to settle -permanent
ly In the United States, mainly on account
of her child, a bright little boy. '
Annexation of the Sandwich Islands.
The committee of foreign affairs in the
Hawatian legislature, to wbioh had been
referred resolutions pravincr for the annex
ation of the Sandwich Islands to the U.; S.',
have reported that the matter must hrst re
ceive the attention of the king, and promis
ing to co-operate with him in any action he
may take in the premises.
."Freb" Douglass tor Congress. A
correspondent of the Syracuse Standard,
wntiug from Kocnester, - a.-1 says mat
"Fred" Douglass, the -negro, is to be
. brought out for ..Congress in the Monroe
district, JN. ana expresses me opinion
ho Will be elected,
..'. Fatal Encounter witb a Bear. A man
nam?d Cautin had a fight with a bear near
OuetiAn. on Monday, and was killod. . Ap
pearances indicated a terrible struggle.
He was found completely disbgured, Ms
gun broken, and near him the bear, pierced
with two balls iu the nank ana snouiaer.
The animal weighed 300 pouuda , -; ,..
. Discovert of Silver. It is stated that
considerable excitement exists in Talladega
county, Alabama,' in "consequence of the
discovery of valuable deposits of silver ore.
One company, it is reported, bad extracted
in a very short time sixteen pounds of pure
'metal, which set the country in a rage. -
WHOLE NO 150Q
. Soma Ml era Srr end amir tno-
And btoeea'S and Migaa desert Na!
' The dryeat aias I ayer knaw
Waa Miner BIII7 Jrm. " '''
Poor Billjr aoul aa paucd Itir, e
Cold death haa Bade hia era-thd! lim '
It la aot wrong tiMMrore, to tJ ;
A ft plain word, of hiio. . '. ' ,
Hit trjrnen was k common kind.
He ecareetf averlovkHirofiqro .. .
The anly aiaelr, fur hi. inhtd ,
He fnuad wlthla a horn! .', '. .
Ho natter wtofc what farce ha Mew, (
There eeeaa4 a rapture t.tb.etiia . .
Until the horn and Billy grew,
Tawa bath hd vara blows, r-J 1
Tho Me tfcey J la aarj dr :.':-.
Bwt oerar liked ita ar vk, .
It eoaidaot rte hkt itriu hiieb, - - '
Nor make hte murage aueaks
' Whoa kv waa hawww nn gmla a.ra-.
ft aeewed aodrw," Laaro aaye, ,
That bill; (ft 417 too.
A BUI" gaard a poo the rnp, - '
" H did wet 4r tntaweely brown '. ' '
Vor d?y aaaoro tliW-.-! isbt up, .
- HtJrtl awu, TTii -He
got along by kjook aod amok, ! .- .
LertHiatine not the qaondr'd
But Tar whlrb ho aoofteatowt, - '
- Took BilllJeffatbuL
Tub Walb Piracy. The contempti
ble and piratical exploit of the .Walker par
ty has fizzled out at last, and the Govern
ment of the United Stale should take rucii
measures tor the punishment of the offend
ers as the nature of the case demands. , W
agree with the Baltimore Sun, tbatli sur
render of Walker and his party should have
been unconditional. It possibly med the
lives of some of his deluded followers, as it
is, and this is the sole excuse for pareying
with him at all. " But the language used in
the formula is sublimely ridiculous The
recognition of "Colonel William Walker,
President of the Republic of Sonora," must
have required an effort of the imaginatioa
utterly beyond our matter-of-fact capacity
either to conjecture or appreciate. And
certainly, the courtesy of the United States
Army was never more eksticised for tho .
most pressing occasion than it was by Bre
vet Major J. McKinstry, in treating for" the-'
surrender of the ejected pirate. " Ttis . pre
cious document is given to the pirblic of the
United States, actually desiring.in all appa
rent social equality, the names of two olfi-.
cers of sur army, and that of the Presi
dent of the Republic of; Sonora." It is
true that the Bame of the "President" is not
in the first position, but it follows with an
emphasis that fully compensates for being
The account tliese mem give of their ex
ploits is as bombastic as the affair itself is
disgraceful. The whole thing is a palpa
ble sham, and the total discomfiture of tlitt-
Iawless gang becomes disgusting, bjr tha
bold attempt to glossover its deformity with
the effrontery- of daring. To read tha
braggart account of their deeds, one's cre
dulity is only bafled by the fact that such
powers did aot subjugate the whble'Mexi-
can territory, jit the same time, it leaks
out that the party opposed to them, -undar
Melendres, must have been the most help
less and inoffensive specimens "of Mexican
soldiery that ever, inherited the chivalrous
fame, but degenerated blood of old Castile.
The imbecile condition of the Mexican Gov
ernment, and the disorder which threatens
its very existence,prevented any effective
demonstration against tlie invaders'; and
they have simply made a brigand incur-,
sion, ravaging and despoiling at the dictates
of opportunity and caprice, and finally slip
ping out of the toils which wete ehcomjtos-
sing them, impelled by desperation.and do
ing whatever they did do in sheer defence
of life itself.
We can hardly suppose- that the people of
the United States are to be inured to this
sort of thing by the frequent repetition of iU
Yet if such piratical adventurers are to be
dealt with as soldiersand men -of honor,
and to be recognized under such titles as
may affect in the prosecution of their law-.
less designs, parties to similar, outrages
will not be wanting, for - the fools of such
ambition want but the conveyance-of our
government to swarm upon the ' land and
on the sea. . ;. . , , ,
Th tL S. And Jap AW.-Frce-' inter
course between the IT. S. and Japan is now
fully opened. . By the treaty just ratified.
kind treatment and an abundant supply of
water and - provisions are scoured to all
Americans who may visit any part '-ff the
Japanese coast The ports, conceded are
Simodi, inNiphoa, near Cape Yxncv and
Hakatam, on the bland, and in the Straits
of Matzmai; but it is agreed that should
the report of the naval officers sent to sur
vey these places be unsatisfactory, other
ports in the same island will bo selected
in their stead. On the 27th ult, after the
treaty had been signed, Commodore Per
ry was to give an entertainment to the four
Imperial Commissioners. ,,, . ...
.Ita leading provisions, it. is said, will- be
the opening of three or more of the ports
of Japan to the commerce of the United
States and securing supplies of coals for
the steamers of that country. In other res
pects tho treaty, concluded -or proposed,
is understood to be nearly a counterpart of
that , with China, except, it is said, that the
Japanese objected to a clause admitting all
other countries the same privilege as Amer-,
ica. ''?"''.- . ' : - -
.; A Prettt Little '
Crowd. Mr Fred-
nek Kembell, from tho neighborhood of
Rumney, Harrison county, Ohw, arrive
in .Steubenville last Wednesday, by rail. -
way, with his wife and nineteen chudren-twetIy-one
in alL" ' It-is said that he owr.s
enough Und in that Stale to give- ch of
hte family one- hundred and sixty- acres,
and" retartk a hce" for himself. " '