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Cm OJ t ATCASIEE.,.;
T f SLAUeUtCEL dTtOR AWD tBOPRlETOR.
' OFFICK OU PablU BnllJUiir ' omthul otBf of
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5 "THrojIS-Oiwrmir In X
tlo of IK. ww, 0j Clui of Uub of
. TERMS OP A-DVBHTISIHG." ' "
. On Smu
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' ?Thf ' a S.iia t ' 8J ' 13.00
' One-foortkh. .7, W, MM
'OiM-ihir . , - ( MjW '. W."0
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Voarly kdvartin tT jl Jfltrtlep) U neinf
Uilr trtvorUMmniIK, " : .
r7UiwluH0rl, nnt t ce9Hif oa Mpur will
. '1 inMtrted, for ubncrtbsn. at tiflt ptt jwt Ba-
Tharadar nXorninr. Sept 8, 1854
a. f JUST BISAPPOIJfXMEST.-
'. IHlhlwWof,chll(l, '
! . : Vnn th muravrini; feaBUIoi of OM toal '
v lmH forth krijbtwid wUd. . ,, ...
'" "". i kMM a'klA, eail (tiV v : ai
.' Thmtoheriattr'Mr: ' ; ;
- V -""H" rt0 ttHtowrow li, SMmmil' '
;SVhe tomeitoBom,tTfty1 ,'.V .'.'t
i ':''WkB ;akT Wpl Mtlkritodi my cblld
' TImb 1U to-morroT b.
-j. To-iorrow'mitpm". . :',
, j. "r-ljit and vakea oft nd sa)B, .
"Xditilljr"to-Byt.,.. , w'-
. 1r vatekod and watclMit for t-morrow,
,; Sat Balw low away.-, -( ; v.. ,.;, -,
i ';yold-Tibal-frttw. aii,
.' ' !Tul4 bib abbrigbi ad gaf - .
-T-woka nd ihoagbt Mraao 'Uakoret v-
' it v- . at atttl II Na)-a9- ;.: 'V . ; j '". '
. . kla, to rlwUol I boad I v V,,.,',
..vJ.-.5 pricktjsan yowonM know, . .-. .
' Vl4'o-Porro.w ipaui "Ui itk'lo-dyt' T ; 1
- j -Xad chesilug proailM bowl V
; .-'.It lit falraad tMtlnf kpH ,' ' -.,t.-.V
T jUdottf ttUeyfWMfe"':'y ' : i' 1 '
Vk only taorrow feilgbi ana Sow';, : '.
"i, thai which' dawn la hcavenl- '
' .;".,' sketches of 101 : .;;.'
r-' ;: - - , -'
' JlEFENSE OF I'ORT STEPHEXSOW
v Xt the massacre of French ttfwiv perrsh
ei many of the noblest " on of Kentucky.
Scarce family of note,, in ihit aatriotw
State, but bewailed the loss of beloved re
lative. AV Frankfort, the Governor nd
many f the cltiohs were"aTriEe."fIiealre'
- "when the sad news of Winchester's defeat
reached there. ' The wholo audience, at
Hce. bv one impulse. Tetiredto learn the
" details f the Calamity. -1 PreRently, fathers-)
Were seen going about half distractcd.ana
mothers, Wives and- sisters were weeping
n'the reliremett '.thoir; lioitfcs. ..The
voice otlamentation ifras heard in, nearly
wery dwelling. Bt like Hull's surren
der, this second disaster oontributod to in-
. crease th ftrdor of the peopla Cot revefrge.
; Whild thay mourned for the dead, they re
volved to avenge their- saorafiWs ' -
" ' Vbea Gett. garrison was informed Ihat
Winchester had advanced towards Frencb
town he immediately prepared to join him
With a re-infbrcemout -Ilavin? proceeded
about six miles, and ascertained that in
Chester's defeat was complete, bo resolved
to return. A-detachment of one hundred
and seventy men was sent forward" to
FrcnChtowa with directions to proceed as
far as possible to assist thoso who were for
tunate enough to escapc.-tb.esa wcro very
few-i-the great depth of snow prevented
thoir getting far in advance of their pursu
ers. Jbev Were overtakes And taptred.
. ' Immediately after the affair at FrencK
. town,' Gen. Harrison marched his army to
the rapid of the Miami; where he construct
ed Fort Meigs , : Here, la Majv 1 8 1 3, ho
was beseiaed bv two thoasftna British and
Indians, under Proctor and tfecumseh.
The bombardment by land and water con
tinued several days, -The enemy first ap
peared on the. $5Ui bf April,and on the 9ih
of May were repulsed, routod, and forced
to abandon tha soig& . Having ascertained
it., .i i 1 l a . ! . t : -
luav iuov nan iei( iuo ni;miiy, uen. iinin
son left Ft. Meigs - nndel charge of Gen
. Greene Clay, and marched to Lowor San
Remaining thefc .4 short time; he pro
ceeded to Franklinton Where the soldiers
were to assemble to prosecute the campaign
. and retake the territory lost by Gon. HulL
Major Crpghan, a young pfficer of the 'reg
ular army, was left With one hundred and
sixty men at Lower Sandusky, in garrison
, . atFort Stephenson. Here he was attneted
! by "a large force under Troctor, . and with
' but a single cahnon repulsed " them com
'pletely; An account of this siejre, .though
. . familiar to the readar, is Worthy of repeti
tion, if it were only to 'commemorate the
invincible courage or the young command'
er and his Youthful comoanions.
On Sunday eveningf, intrust 1st, 1813,
five hundred British regularaj . and .from
seven to eight hundred Indiana under the
immediate commaod of Proctor, appeared
before Fort Stephenson, He mado- auoTi
disposition of his troops as effoctunlly to
'' . cut off the retreat of the nrraon; if the-r
should attempt ene.V lIe then ssnt Coit
Elliott and Major Chambers to demand the
aurrCnder of the Fort, with the lerre6typed
assertion that "he was anxious to spare the
effusion of blood, which would be out of
his power to effect, if he should be com
pelled to take th Forbystpm,''
Croghan'a reply was, that he was deter
mined .to defend ihe place -to the, las esr
tremityj and that no force, however large,
. should induce him to surrender,. This re-
plybcmg communicated to Prootor ' he
commenced abrisk fire upon the Fori from
' . his gun-boats in the river, and a howitser
' xn aac-rev The fire was kep t uj through
.. , .the nigh V with but little ettect- . At an ear
ly hour.nesctnloniing,1 jthree.Bir-pounderi,
-.which ihe -night, had been placed on
Bhore within CWo hundred and fifty, yards
of the pickets, opened their fire, . but with
nogreat effect.' From the manoeuvres of
JProclor, Croghan judged that he would at
tempt taking it by storming it at it north'
west anglo. - With Ihe best means' in his
power he strengthened the point of anticU
pated assault - Ho'h'ad divined the inten
tions of Proctor.1; Finding2 (bat his guns
weiin-effcctual, Proctor formed his men
into two;column8. . LieuL '.CoLSnort led
the principal-one, of one hundred and fifty
men. and advanced to within twenty paces
of the lines. The parrison opened -des
tructive fire upon them, which threw them
into confusion. They were quickly rallied
bv their leader, and. Arain advancinir.UAn.
ed into the ditch; just thon, the single six-
pounder of the Fort was brought ''.into "re
quisition. A fire of grape Was poured from
it which killed or , wounded nearly every
man who bad entered the ditch. The fall
of the advance threw the balance of the col
umn Into swell disordeY.and" fear, that their
officers were Unable to rally them.- They
retired and sought safety in the adjoining
woods.. . During the assault a fire was kept
up against the tort, from five 'six-pound
ere and a ' howiteer. Tho only loss eus
tained by the garrison was one man killed
and one wounded.;.- The loss of the enemy
was at least ono hundred and fifty. In the
ditch were found killed, Lieut. Col. Short, ;
one lieutenant and fifty .soldiers.. Early on
the morning of the 3d, the enemy sailed
down the nver. leavifltr behind them a boat
containing clothing and jmilttary storesand
several stands of anna. :t.-f ,-.. r f.
The defense of this fort Was a desperate
undertaking. The adventurous bravery and
daring resolution of the ypungcdmmander
achieved what the wisdom of more experi
enced officers would have decided. , to be
impossible. It was truly a forlorn' hope
for the brave band of youths, iu their illy
prptected Fprt to,, expecevjen to. survive
the determined attack of ' their enemies,
The pickets were "eighteen feet high; the
bayonets of the soldiers 'were 'nailed upon
the side of the upper end, pointing down'
wards." The charge of (ho enemy evinc
ed a disposition to conquer, the post at all
nazarus. in the course ot twenty-four
hours, they discharged five hundred shots,
one hnndred of which fell within the fort,
happily doing no Injury.? . ,
' Amongthe incidents of this brilliant de
fence, sliowingthe confidence of the ene
my in obtaining an easy victory, wasHhe
insolence of the Indian allies previous to
the charge'..'. . When EUioti went to demand
the surrender of the Fort, he was received
outside the pickets by ; Ensign Slupp.-i
y.inlo conversing, one oriMliott s Indians
came up, and taking ' hold of Shipp, at
tempted to take off hi coat. Shipp drove
him off With his sword.' The Indian was
certain there would boa capitulation, and,
pleased with Shipp's coat, intended to se
cure it for himself - in advance. 'Die ene
my Tntenaea W ariTCTr KTlli OTtrSgeoTB'
barbarity the refusal of toi. Uroglinn to
surreBdc.'. Tho": threAt made by Elliot
that if ' they were ' compelled to -take tho
Fort, there would be a general massacre,
would have been relived, had the event of
the day been favorable to the beseigers.-11-
Uol. bhort, who lud the attack, was not
less bloody minded than Proctor and his
agent As he ad vauced to storm the Fort,
he shouted to Jus-men "to give the Ameri
cans no quarters.''- - Scarcely -had -he giv
en utterance to the savage order, when he
was laid prostrate by a shot from the t ort.
The man who would refuse quarters, found
himself a supplicant for the kind ness which
he had resolved 1 to deny to . others, , The
men who Were orderad to give "no quar
ters, Were relieved and treated with the
utmost kiudnessbythe soldiers in the gar
rison: and While the fire Waib'kcptup a-
tKunst, them, they supplied the suffering
and wounded enomy witn water tromtneir
owneanteens. ;.- - i: ,.
This victory-r-for such it maylruly be
termed -was' hailed with joy . and gratifi
cation-. . It was the turuinor point of the
war in this section, and was the precursor
of decisive '.and important, success, which
followed closely upon it, resulting in driv
ing tho enemy from fiis strongholds, and
planting the American standard both upon
regained and conquered territory v;,.
1 "i 1 f " ",-':
' Ssvkn LxacCb Boots tA Paris .corres
pondent of the New Yo?k Tims givos tlie
K)llQWingJSovqn-Lcagu.9 Boots experiment;
j "Two remarkable experiments teros
tation have highly astonished this city. -
Of the first I did not writd yoUj for I sup
posed it a hoax. ' But it has been - repeat
ed since.and an eye-witness told me of tho
wonderful results. ' -'A man enveloped in a
net work containing a large number . of
Waddern filled Vith hydrogen gas.ran. two
Sundays ago down the Champs Elysees at
the rate of thirty -five miles au hour.. - His
leaps Were enormousi the ascentional pow
er of tho gas Was not sufficient to carry him
Up, but it neutralised three-quarters of his
Woigbh Jjast bunday he renewed the ex
periment upon an exterior Boulevard with
a little mora eras.' . He made forty miles an
hour, and saidTthat with Javorahle wind' ho
could easily make forty-five, and beat, any
locomotive without fatigue. With the tre
mendous muscular power" possessed" by
man, it is evident that if he could in any
wav lencthen his lees, as this invention in
reality doys; he Would alize the fablo 6f
the beven vUeagueu Jioots.- AJaudler the
most agile clown of tbeTibircusr" who "was
present, agreed soon, with a similar aparnt
us, to jump over tlie Scitio. I . understand
that a dozen machines with - improvments
are how in course of fabrication, and that
the ideaof 'nnriihilaiing8paee.'h seized
-upon more than one adventurous brain
As tq he.ffirpnws, they ay acknowledge
that tlicv may as well burn their balloons. '
f MirsTEBioos WiBmVei-The othermornr
ing a yomur trirl some' tweU'fl or fourteen
years of age, residing inthe family of one
in.Miiur tai paper, arose irom ner
bed and remsrrled to another girl who slept
itrtbesaasTOorA with her.thaishe thought
something must be wrong at home, as she
dreamed she saw her little brotherf and he
looked as if he' was lead; -.anL sinee - she
was up she still saw his' face evert way she
lookea-s til. looking as if dead.' .Sbedreoe
ed herself and wentdown; stairs lo pursue
her work; but in less' than fifteen minutes
afterwards, Word was brought her that her
brother had died that taoning:-ZanetvilU
Courier. ' ' .. . " r. ..v
i Bots oi-t at hTicirx.-I hare been an ob-
errr,and am sympathiiug loverof boys.
A like to see them nappy .cheerful nd gue-
some.r Indeed, I can hardly, understand
how a high-toned useful man can be the
ripened fruit of a boy who had not enjoyed
a full share of the dad privileges, due to
youth.;. But while Iwatch with a very
jealous eye all rights; and! customs Which
entrench upon the proper right of boys, I
am jjquajiy apprencnsive jest parents .who
are not forethoughtful, and who have not
habituated themselve to close observations
upon, this subjeqt," permit their sons indul
gences which are almost certain to result
inibqijf demoralixatibnj if not in their total
ruin; and amqngtbe'habits which: L have
cbserredtetjdjpg Jnijist,' surely fo- ruin, I
know o.f none itf-priomiiienitbjn that of
prehts pormittilig thejf sons fo be ' tht
ttreet. after nijffttalt.. t . . r':-' ;,-;-K
is ruinous to their morals in all instan
ces.. They acquire,-under the', cover of
eight, an unhealthful state of mind tad,
vulgar, immoral and profane language; ob
scene; practices, criminal sentiments, a law
loss and riotous bearing. Indeed, - it is in
ihe street after nightfall that the boys prin
cipally, acquire the education el the bad,
and the; capacity for becoming rewdy dis
solute, criminal men .Parents should in
this particular, have a rigid and inflexible
rule, that , will not permit a son' under any
circumstances . whatever, to go into' the
streets, after nightfall with a view- of engag
ing in out-of-dpor sports;, or meet other
boys for social chance occupation. A right
rule of this kind invariably adhered towill
soon deaden the desire for such dangerous
practices. ,;, r. ; . ; -c ; t ,-' - . H
, iioys should be taught to have, pleasure
around tho fnmily. centre taUetin reading,
m conversation, and in quiet amusements.
poys are seen in the streets after rngbtfall,
behaving in a manner entirely destructive
of all good morals.. .Fathers and mothers,
keep your children home at night, and see
uiat you mono, your homes pleasant, at
tractive, and profitable to them; and above
all;, with a viow of their seenrity from fu
ture destrucuon.let them not become.when
forming their characters for life so accus
tomed to disregard - the moral.- sense- of
shame as to openly violate the Sabbath day
in street pastimes during its day and eve
ning floura, ..-. . -.'x-
MoNtr Olden Timet, Al firsU all na-
tions 'bartered, and exchanged one com
modity for another, but that being attend
ed with considerable labor, by a kind of
custom or usage among all .civilized na
tions; Bilver and gold, as most portable,
pliable and beautiful, and less "subject to
rust, have been, as early as the days of A-
brabnm, ' chosen as. Uie medium of x-
fehangw and es H mn rre-it-rrf-aH" hw, and
were at farst paid out -iy weight, till, nr
process of time, the, Way pf cmnagt or
stamping money was discovered. ' . ; ', ;
AVhon Julius Uajsar first landed on the
island of Great Britain", .the inhabitants
used brass money, and . also rincrs of , iron.
as a currency, After some time the gov
ernment coined moncyof other, metals, of
which a great variety of pieces and speci
mens jTt remain in the cabine t of the curi
ous, not to mention the Bomatt coin, which
was in more or less us4 until a Jatc pcri-
VUl . r ,
At the tfme ' pf King" Richard t. money
coined in the eastern parts of Germany, be
ing lor its purity highly esteemed, Some of
these JLtterttnga were sent ro Jihgland, and
employed in the mint, and from thence the
money was called bttcrhng or Jbtming
money,' as somo'authors Bay, (as the first
gold coined in Jinglana, was by King ,d-
ward the 111., attd was .called llortncet,
because'"' Ftorenthus 'were tho' coiners,)
thOughethers say of the Saxon word, tier,
rule or standard, knd another Opinion pre
vailed," that it was to called from 'the stars
on the Saxdri Groats; which were by the
people, at that time called leorUng9 .
Tint Bdr AKn Ttre Bricks'. A hoy.licar
ing his father sayt "Tis a poor rule : that
won t work both ways," said, "if father
applies this rule, in his work, I will test it in
oo, setting up a row ot bricks, tlireo or
four inches apart, ho tipped over tho first,
which, striking, the second, caused it to fnll j
on the third, and soj on. throughout the
whole row, until the bricks all lay proa-'!
teat. ':: "".: s'.V .!-- '-.-.i- ;''-j
Well," said the boy,; "eaBh biiokhas
knocked down the- .neighbor which stood
next to itself; yotl only tipped ouo. Now I
will raise one, .4 try, If it will raise its neigh
bors! T I will ate if., this rule works both ;
ways.'' . -.-!,. " ; .:
, lie looked in Vnlh to see them. rise-. , "
"Here, father, w said, tho boy; "it is a
poor rule that will not work both ways.
They knock each Otlicf down, but are hdt
disposed to help each tHhcr Up.,k . '.'
, !!My son,-' said the father. j,brickf and
mankind are alike made of clays hotiye jn
knocking each other down, but never dis
Siosed to help each other up. i . When men
ail they , Iqve company; hut when they
rite, they prefer to stand nlonoj like yon
der brick, ntid see others prostrate and bo
lowlhem.": ' - y -J u V
Mant Tutkos to FW Words'. A poof
bachelor ' never looks so pi table ftsr Vhon
he is looking out his linen' t$ Send. fa the
wash."".' , ':Vi:"s'7-:-,;.!-'-''':
, Repentance must travel' always by an
express,. train, for also repeatedly arrives
too late. Punch. -' " J i - : -
j A." rioliqi is an instrument that
many for the enjoymentof one.- -.
i None but a French "woman knows how,;
fio put on ashawk .v.i -.p t r
1 A lawyer's carriage Ji )nty- ablua hag
on wheolav -'' ' "' " .-"
'A woman's age- is ft problem of which
no Archimedes lias ever yet cried out Euv
reka.' ' . '.V:' ; -'''' -;'
: Puseyiem-ts kind "of-sandwich ' taken
between Protestanjjsm, and. .'oianJCjith-
:oiietiii- - ,r '
"' Every, dramatist ' faneies all' his Geese
are' Swans of Avon. "-v. ...'.
1 Tb balance of Europe is mostly left hj
thaxih'i.bjmda,' ,"-r;?. M''.'!
; Shopping is woman's Only 5 consolation
when She has no. money to spend.''
.TuxLifluoa Lawa Pmnar ,Cosrtro- j
rioxAV-Tba District Court; tow ia ses
sion iu' Atheas,. Ohio, Jedge Jfaah, peck
and Whitman, en the bench; have fully
sustained the constitutionality of thejiquor
law. . They pverruled ihedecisioa of Judge
Corwin..,. ; .. ,. , ,; .7 :
' State of Ohio vs J. Lawrence Appli
, cation or the allowance of Writ of trror
to tlie Probate' Court of said county.,, j
Judge Whitman. delivered the . opinion
or the Court, which was iu tubatancS
on' the' points here . mentioned "as 'fol
lows: ' ;w :y'---' y ,
' This hf an application for. the ahowancs
of a writes error, the Probate Court, based
among other things, upon the position
claimed byPlantiff iu error that, the act
entitled Van act to provide a train at the evils
resulting from the sale of Iutoxioating Li
quors in the State of Ohio, passed May 1,
1 054," is-unconstitutional. Counsel for
plaintiff in error; contends that this , act is
unconstitutional on the grounds: .
" '1st That said act wis never read three
times prior to its- passage, t "" -- -
. 2d. That it is a prohibitory act, and not
merely an act to regulate traffic in spirituous
liquors.,..'. ., ".
' "We are referred to an opinion of. Chief
Justice Corwin, given at Chambers, to sus-
piaiuuu id error. rr una opinion,
reference i made to a newspaper report of
this ease. This isnot very good evidence;
but, if it ij lo be belieyed.the learned Judge
was, in our opinion, clearly in the wrong.
It was claimed that theJaw was void, bo
ciuse it had not been read upon three sev
eral days.. . ,;;!-,:f
The present law, it appears, was insert
ed as an amendment on the engrossment of
the bill .winch had already been twice
read. It was then read a third time-, and
put on Ha final passago ia - the : Senate.
This, we believe, is in accordance withtlio
parliamentary law. When a -bill is once
introduced on a subject, i( Is open to all a
mendments german to Ike subject embrac
ed ia it; and it matters not - whether the a
mendments is made in detail, or by striking
out all after the enacting clause.and insert
ing ah entire new bill in form pertaining to
the subject matferof the original bill, and
uo one ever before heard that such an ft
mendmcnt had. to be read on three several
days. This clause, that a bill must be read
on three several days, is no. new provision,
it is a mere copy of the provision contained
in the old constitutions " '"t'- 1
. We have had, therefore.fifty years of ex
perience under this clause, and this is the
first time that ever- such an objection was
raised, and whawaidaneia this-eAser has
been done-with almost every law which has
passed.? Every legislator will recollect in
numerable instances of just such . amend
mcnts as the one made in this act. . . -
The Court, therefore, have no doubt of
the invalidity of this objection, and that
the act was well passed.
The second objection is equally untena
hie,. .This Is aot a prohibitory law; even,
if a prohibitory act is unconstitutional, as
to which question We express no opinion.
This law regulates the traffic 0 as to pre
vent the - evils resulting from this traffic,
and comes clearly ' within legislation for
the prevention of the evils of the traffic
of .intoxicating liquors. , Both of these
objections are therefore overruled.--
Meieenger. - ' ' ' :
A IvfiBAOE or TnaPaAmiB. The. .fol
lowing is a communication in', the Bloom
ington PaUtagraph, I elating to a phenome
non not very unusual on our prairies:'
On yesterday we had the privilege of
seeing the rare sight a mirage on the
prairie. , On approaching the townofLor
ny, about a mile and a quarter this sido,
we found the whole intermediate space be
tween u"s and the vgrovo of trees beyond
the town, apparontly occupied by a beauti
ful lake- of: water. .'On the : apparent
shore 3 next to ourselves tho rord ran down
and disappeared In the lakes, as did the
fencer hiron Ono side of the road, while the
placid and beautiful water extended upon
the right and left, until lost in tho distance
The entire '."space between .the . apparent
margi n of the lake nearest to us, and tlio
grove beyond the town, more , than a mile
off.' was. so far as' it was nosKibla. for the
etc to dererraino occupied bv oho of Ibo
toostheautiful, bright and placid sheets of
water we ever pchold, while .the trees in
the distance appeared to be immersed for
half their length in the lake, as if growing
in the watori - " ,' . .
I Even the shadoW '. of these trees,, an! of
the clouds above, were distinctly visibjo.
Take it all in all, this mirage on the prairie
was one of the most beautiful and fascin
ating scenes Wo ever beheld, and we were
almost forced' asainst our better nidge-
rnent not only to believe in its' reality, hut
fujt a 'spontaneous impulse to rUsh forward
and bauio in the crystal waters. ,w e ap
proached the vision and it yanished.' '' ' ,
' Tax counbry editot lately has credit for
the good things ho s&y8- . Here is one of
tnom iromuie nogersvuie i xenn. i j.im$.
-Xol, tniet. ; ... ; .
1 !'A BOUJVO. bTOSE UATHBRS K0 UOSB-
Well,- What of that; ; .Who wants, to be a
mossy old' stone, away in-some corner of a
'pasture, Where" sunshinovAnd fresh air nev
er corned for ihe coWs to 'tub themselves
against, for snails and bugs to Crawl over,
and for,toads to ' squat under among . the
poisonous weeds?' It Is far "better to be a
smooth and polished ston '-rolling along lri
the hrawfitig -stream of life, wearing off the
rough corner8,bringingeut the ,firm,.crys
taline structure of the granite, or the deli
cate veins of the agate or chalcedony." It
is this perpetual..;chafirig and ; rubbing in
the Yhjrlingcurrent that shows-What aort
of grit a man is made' of and ..what Use he
is good for: The' sandstone arid soapstone
are, grown d down to sand and mud, butthe
jjrm.rock is aclecteCi for the -towering for
tress, and the diamond is eut and -polished
Hp the monarch's trowa."
1 1 ."Ce'nversation enriches the under
standing, but solitude , is tha- school of
genius. ? ' ' - " . ' "
MaiktrBcsy at EvsarfBnto. An
imporUnt feasea te learn, tud the-earlier
in kit it is learned the better, it t matt At
lxi otvrrytking. As the old adage asy.
mere t no tue in crying over epul milk
Misfortunes that" have already happened
cannot ' be tre vented, and. therefore, the
wise man, instead of wastinsr bis time hi re-
greu, will set h imself to . work -to recover
his losses.. The mistake and follies ef the
past may teach us to be more eautieus for
me luturo; but Uiey should never be allow
ed lo paralyze eur energies or surrender
as to weak repining. K" millionaire of
this eity tells the stonr that, at one period.
early in his career, be tad got almost to
me vergo ot bankruptcy; 'but aays h. 1
ploughed a' deep keeL and' kept my own
eounsel; and by these means he soon recov
ered. - Had this man riven way to despair.
had ne sat down to bewail bis axmarentlr
impending ruin, he might now Lave been
old and poor, instead of a capitalist ia a
leading position. . , lie sdds that bis char
acteristic was that through life in all cir
cumstances, be did the best that he could,
whatever that Was, consnmrhg no time in
useless regrets over bad speculations.
The rule holds good, not only in mercan
tile affairs, but in the whole .conduct of
life. The man who is born to indifferent
circumstances.will never rise, if, abandon
ing himself to envy of those more blessed
oy lortune, he goes about sullenly com
plaining, instead of endeavoring to use to
the best of his ability what few advantages
he has The patriot, dcplorinz the dei
clineof publio and private moral, will
never succeed in reforming -the common
wealth, if he" stickles for visionary or im
practicable measures, rejecting those more
moderate ones which are reallv attainable
The friend will soon have no intimates at
all, if, making no allowance for the infirm
ities of human nature, he judges too harsh
lv the conduct of his acquaintances. Manr
a matrimonial separation might be avoided.
lfhusband and wife, instead of taking of
fence at each other at slight rirovocation.
would dwell rather on the good traits their
partner displays, there are not few
statesmen, now living in retirement, who
might have still gratified their ambition
by serving the public, if they had under
stood, amid the Intrigues and -disappoint
ments of public, how to make the best of
everything. ... .
Nations, as well as individuals, should
cherish this principle. ' The European
revolutions of 1848 would not bare ended
so disastrously for liberty if the people had
understood how, to make-more of the sd
vautag tfty secured at first. .The ulti
mate triumph of the monarchs to be attrib
uted chiefly to Iheit obeying the goldon
maxim, which their subjects had neglect
ed, of rnakiusf "the best of evemhiwr.
When the Jbmperor of Austria was a fugi
tive; when Hungary, Bohemia and Italy
were free, it would have required nothing
but concert among the people to have es
tablished their rights on a -lasting founda
tion. But they suffered jealousies of race
to arise, allowed themselves to be attacked
in detail, and even - assisted the tyrants
to subiuirata -each other. W Instead -of
makin? thd best of - things, ther made the
worst, and naturally! we had almost said
deservedly, lost all. a .j -
- We never see a man bewailing bum
fortune without something of contempt
r i i XT .5 . f J ,
ior dis weaaness. . xo laaiviauai or na
tion, ever rose to eminence . in any depart
ment, which gave itself up to this childish
behavior.' Greatness an only be achiev
ed by being superior, to- misfortunes, and
by returning again and again to the assault
with renewed energy. And this it is which
is, truly making tht best ofi tvtrytking.
Philadelphia Ledgers f
Onb Glass or .Wink. A very inter
esting story pf the birth, parentage, and
rise to power ot the Jimperor ot t ranee,
is given in Harper's Magasine.' - Included
in that article, . we alio find the history of
"one-glass of wine," as follows:
Aiie uuxe 01 neans, we eiaest son 01
King Louis Philhppe, was the mhentor.of
Whatever rights the , rotal family could
transmit lie was a. noble-young man j
physically and intellectually noble.. One
morning be invited a lew ooropamons with
him, as he was about to take his departure
for Paris . to join his regiments .In the
conviviality of ihe hour, he drank a little
too much wine. He did- not become, in
toxicated, he was not in any respect a dis-.
sipated man...i His. character Wee lofty And
noble. J3nt in that joyods hour he drank
a gloss to much. - He slightly lost the bal
ance of his body and of his mind. Bid
ding adieu, to his companions he entered
his carrlgOi.: V, .,:,-:-.,,, --a
. But for tliat .extra . glass of wuie lie
would have kept his seat lie. leapt from
tlie-carriage. But for that extra glass of
wine, ho Would have alighted on bis feet
llishead struck the pavement - Senseless
and.bleedinc; he Was taken intflt a beer
1 ..1 Jr. J rtll - 1 l ...
shop and dwd:v.Ihat extra. glass over..
.... , -
their property of n .hundred, riiillions
n, c . i.uii.n.i mil nni
of dollars, 4nd ecut the whole family into
exile...;, t v L. rj-----i -vr- . rc--
- av-a-- rti.... . nH ti,. MMi.no.AM rtf ir
" JtsrA father, "-nn the occasion df his
uu?u. .- r; , ' ""I
advice U) the Dflde: ,, . I
I bog to remind tny 'daughter that the
husband has a 7 thousand elements, of dis
turbance in his daily arooations, to Whieli
his Wife Is an utter stranger, and it will be
har orivileee. and her title to the respect of
all tjfbose, respect is .worth having, to make
hisownfireside tb most attractive pUcem.1lin gobbing prayer to heaveUi at you chag
theuniversefor the leposof awy lt)Vln . b,Sn bow vainly toUha hand
body . .or excited riiind. ; ? The minor eora-
forU, which aro the mosiyaiuame, Decause
the most constantly in Teqnisjtvonr irm d
pend more upon- her took, her manner, and
the evidence of her forethought, than upon
any other ocourreacewui;,' : i ? i
Lorn it and wear it next your jbeartfair
frienda, who areaboutto. - v t, -y i '.C
- - w"glr4 a.
' tUi atraaaa wttlcB taa telalitrf Deatlf
, Alon onlooiMa, but wooaa frful po-rar . .
May ataaip tkaaaaae af SMraMy.'- v "
. Nothing can be unworthy of beingm-,
vestigatedbymaBwhichwaa tho't worthy
Of hoing created by Ocd. ' " J : '.
' Dmnkenno8i ia a dead wall with a row of
broken bottles at the top. :"'
Tfctt&Uso ta 1755. & correspondent
of the Portland Advertiser fart is ties as ia-
terestinr attlcie Upon the drought He
aayr W , LAveaaatued ouraoivee re-
ceutly. in looking back to put past annals
ior seasons I aearm, to pod a parallei mr
'this most jinparaIUli4 state of the weath
er,' and many a complaint starts out from
the past year through Parson Smith'
valuable journal; neaeonragensto hope.
almeat against hope, that we shall survive
the presunt drought, and again behold the
earth smiling iu freshness and beauty."
We copy the record of the year 1754, just
one heudjdyear age.f. from. Parson
Smith's" journal; .j.,, .. ... i4s
1754, ia)j 1st. l nave no graas grow
ng in my mowing ground, and there is no
feed en the Neck lb reasons are the open
Winter, three weeks early drought, and the
graasboppers." . ,-. jJ rr (.-
?ZJ. "X here is a melancholy drought.
October 26th. "A 'great atonn: the
earth is filled with water." .' " - "
JJioely years age- the flowing record
wasroadDt.,.,.' , . - t.,-f,--.',i.-
1764.' June tSlh. , i-ll is as melancholy
dry a (hue as ever I 'saw." , July 6ih.
-As great a drongl.t as in 1749." Ad-
gust Jst" "Drought awfully continued."
J2th, "No feed on the Keck for a great
while." 16th. "The drought iaereases.'.'
Now for the usual aHeratiou; August I9lb.
"Stonn si rain." 3 ! if - "Marvellous grow
ing Ume, surprisiogchange on tie face of
the earth." Sept 24th. "The earth has
a most beautiful green face.". October
6th. . "The craM is better set than in the
Spring."5 ' "-"'": i
fir.ccn of the years between 1 722 and
1764, are mentioned 'on account of the
drought that prevailed. . The writer clos
es his communication . with the following
J..1 .8 - TT . .
ucuumwu, - iir aaya. , ,
That thes well attested facts prove. 1st,
that We live in an exceedingly dry climate;
that we are continually lubiect to droughts.
2d, , that the early and latter rains seldom
fail. 3d, that notwithstanding these con
tingencies the earth y ields to as an abun
dant supply for want and luxuries; that
we need patient and faithful , husbandry.
and perhaps some new and improved modes
ot culture to meet the peculiar condition of
our atmospheric influences, and to coun
teract them; and 4th, and above ail, the
fully, the, futility, nay, the . wickedness of
constant murmunngs and compuiniogs
of the dealings of Providence in those par
ticulars which- are the results of our pecu
liar climate, and to Which our vegetable
kingdom is wisely adapted. -
SEirrsnmcse Uacrrers-nAJ. Live for
some purpose in the world. - Fill up the
measure of duty to others. . Conduct your
self so that To&ahall be missed with sorrow
when you are gone. Multitudes of our
species are livinr in such a selush manner
that they are pot likely to be remembered
after their disappearance. They leave be
hind them scarcely any traces of their ex
istence, but are forgot ton almost as though
they had never . been. They are, while
they live, like one pebble unobserved a-
mong a million on the ahorc, and when
they die' they are like that same pebble
thrown into.fha sea, which just ruffle-S the
surface, and ia forgotten without being
missed from the beach, they are neither re
gretted by the rich, Wanted by the poor.
nor caiebratea by the learnea. .vv no nas
been the better for their life? whose tears
have they dried up? 'Whose miseries have
they healed f "Whose wants supplied?
Who Would an bar the gate of fife to re-ad
mit them to existence, or what face would
greet them back to our world with a smile?
Wrctvbed,UDproducuve mode of existancel
Selfishness is its own curse, it is a starving
vice. The man who docs no good, gets
hone.' He is like the health lit the desert
neither yielding fruit nor seeing when good
cometh; a stunted, dwarfish; miserable
shrub. r .. . . -
Lazr Boioe. Of all the pests of soqixty.
! HIV IUIWI4UH , , (UU NIV " ... W.
1... ....l.intn.M lla. .(n. ll.. tnncl lil.nul
excQse and hoin most dil!gustin- cbar,
L,. Mrt tre in goms pAtt of tb4
parts of the
worldr Heaven help them'!) 'whd can get
nothing to di, end with mauly hfartsaud
willing hand they seek in Vain for labor
enough to feed mid clothe them Poor as
such are, thy am kings and prmees to
those then, who, witli minda to uupkaad
nlan. arms to work, and a purse to com-
inand, imagine they will find their highest
Happiness in allowing an oi tnese guis w
lie Idle-, or in using tuem only more per
fectly to secure and rndcr Still more cast.
their blessed ease. - What alifel - Think of
it! What a destiny, to make tip the great
sum. of earthly existence bv periodically
stuffing; and taking off; ami putting en a
pair of pantaloons! Oh! Voluntary idler in
God's busy Universe,-if .you have nothing
to do, tret something to do.' - Every worthy
working man despises yod, if you do not
despise;, yourself. -, A lazy man cannot be
1, cast him out, and do something to
nappy, uyou are possessed with a taiy
i . r. . o . ... - - ;
Keep- on;zut nu. uewuiy uioao iBOUiuei
hicb.-in a future life.mUat measdre fteto
selves with the wings of angehuvi:
: . Oosb. Did it ever strike ran how tauoh
.. .. . .
y to yourselt at highltali, when the sun
ta. Mnt nita Aa Viii - aJ riVta
chirp 'gone.' Say it to yourself When
the uight is fir OVar.jtnd yoa awake With a
8ay it to yourself in some country, ckurch-
' yard where yottr ttothar sleeps beneath the
' Li 1 .-.
of vour dearest liriend-i-'tTone.
j. Your friend has gone they who have
conneeled and advised you, and protected
your weaknass, will guard ybtt no more
One by ono they have dropped away as you'
have journeyed on, and yet your Journey
does not seem a long one. 'Life at the
longest it hut a bubble that bursters soon
as it is rounded. .. ' -'.'' 1 '-
. , . - -' -1 f
i)dCBtrn. Adespatch frora Vashing
tod state tl at in forma' ion has reached tha
Oovermnentr frost out Minister from Mad
rid, to tha effect that tha new regime of
Spain hat agreed upon tens - forth tile
oi Cuba, , and also that ' botb . JtTxanc and
England acquiesce in the trantfer.'
"Ma- Eirroalt be (blowing Poem first
taw the light about one year ago,, under
the'aoau di fUbui of E. T. Worn. 2 eow
claim lie paternity of it, and desire its pub
liea'ion tindef toy proper' slgnfttnrv-Ji
Ad it it OLA.
. Wfca itvmtr stake V aeniae eaB. di
, Aawa h IWT. tKlalBg Wrt. L :
tka Mtrswata,Ua labor Aoaa, ' ' ."'"
-, XfiaaaaasaaMkala anaauaf fa
m aBBf BabMacatni Wa i
., A aatrrf. BlrUtfal, fcappx Ihraagxt
' To claim lb ruatte'a roagfe caraat,
f.- AaUUamraflaac. ---c
Bttaattaf apOae -malxamtof , '"
. , SrawOMa ear toad-vrelceiaala kU aea;
A ad trUI a WHrthi1H, tba a-nlia .
Ba kaoda ynjat tMV rasing tSnti
Ba UotaatradkKpaaMtal ha, ''''j '
Craa aawiiS tofWdaaaJo?.' ' '
Tha jilatU earwpi'ef iialira''. V. ""'",' ''
; nowa,acalat,B!rtiQe4 atraaav
. Airrattraaaona, aan aa4 atrUS ; - A
' AJjrantliful Uatjt maalaienani '
' ' V Hl aUa aae caUdrea, k& kl aUa,
:'' ' Baton aaeias aMaa awfliat '
Hiaoalj badiraUM ttff"'0( kaalla, . . i
Aadlaaiamljtfladaa. ,M . , . v
" AaaUvlrslBXA tkaastttot saa. :
''" ' '' iiwa dta roay, mU'alnf; vaat, ". . ' ,
'. vkaa tha 4T t Ilia toeoaa, . '
GiaU ka, a calaty, alsk W aaL ,-. V
Kraaau. Oklo. . , .
- . - ' r' "' -' '
Taowf, raxMiujo?AXii, at SAaAtoel.
A correspondtut of the- Mobile Tribune
dating from Saratoga, rfe the fallowing
sketch of an Ajuencti Prbite? u.q t '-'"i
'Thorn, to whom 4 refer,, las made a
lion of himself by indulging la extravaganc
es and eccentricities. - lie is the man who
so eclipsed tba Emperor of France in the
piendor of h -turn out.'" He u said to
have driven four span of horses.tkLly ca
parisoned.to the most splendid carriage ia
Europe. The Emperor, un willing that an y
one should go in better Style than him
self ordered him to appear no more in the
streets of Park with the aforesaid eatabhah-
mfnU , ' '-- , t.: . v :i
His party consists of bis Wife,tW0 daugh
ten. beaux, attendants. Mgea. maid a.
grooms, ere. " I witnessed a few days since
the ceremooy of their preparation for a
ride. Five steeds and a carriage, with a
groom and riders, ia finest livery to each .
were first presented opposite the tJ. S. Ho
tel. Next came the party with their maids:
and attendants. .A beautiful mahogany
bay horse wae -first - led up, hereupon
grooms andserranUtook their, position to
pci fui m the feat of mounting tha faia ITise
to her saddle.- She placed herjoot hi the
white gloved hand of the groom on her left
side, who gracefully placed her la the sad-,
die, while on the right stood another rdy
to catch- the jewel, it perhaps It should
drop that way. . Then came the tnaida to
adjust the riding-drestvand place (jer foot ,
in the stirrup. This and similar efremo.
niet with her lister being accomplhbed,the
beaux and attendanta mounted, the old
folks ascended their carriage and off tbey :
put as it to a lunerat This ceremony most
are taken a half hour 'Ion ar enough ,
t heard an Alabama girl remark, for a
Southern uartr to have mounted and takea '
a respectable ride, I forgot to note that
after the adjustment of tha. young ladles' '
dresses, reins, dtetha hOrsea Were iugirr-.
ed (fed) from . the hands of tba grooms, t
which, I suppose, was to sweeten their,
gaits and spirit for the evening! perform
aace. " -.;; ' - ' ,:
Tom Hood. In alluding to the ailresa
of RicnAao MojrciTow Uanaat fhe con-4
seeration of the ' Memorial, to this distin ..
guished man, Wruas thus gives Us a peep j
at the every -day life of the sad humorist:
'1"Wttsd lo see Thomas Hood, occa
sional! v when hi London in 1 835 and 1 83d, 1
and it was usually at the quiet table of a'
literary friend, where Lis retired maimer
and melancholy look save aa air of cob
sivencs 10 u room au present weiing a .
tender sympathy with him while they hung .
on his words of changeful mood and meBh'
ing. Wc all kuew.. that hia oontradio toty
life was the tad Hooo writing; for a iiW
hood, aud , that his jokes, Unequalled ta r
they were in beauty and htneas, were
blood-drops from a heart never light Of
pathos hie mind was eertainly the deepest
plummet, as of humor U had the loftiest -Wing.
Thank God he is through with this -
hte, such as it was his fate to live inh . .
Oatonf or thtc Term "Josh Bcifc." ' "
lr.Joha BuR was the first Greskam
professor ofrnusic, and organist and com
poser to 4ueen iusaoeui, : vojiu, has a ,
true EnghshaiAB-.tra ruled for improvement,
and having beard of a famous musician of
St Outer's, he placed himself under him at '
a novice; buta circumstance very toon con- '
vmced the m3tor that ha wae inferior to
the scholar.- The musician showed John ,
a ton?, which he composed, in forty parte
teUmg bins at the same time that he do- 7
fiedall the world to produce a person eapav .-J
ble of adding another part to ilia compoair j
lion. Bull desired to be left alone, and to j
be indulged for a short time with pen and
ink. :. In less than three boun;.' ha added .
forty parte more to tha song, f- Upon which
the Frenchman was to turpriaed, that he
swore in great ecstaoy, be must , be either -the
Ceyilor John Bull:' which hat tnr ,
since beea proverbial in England,. - "
-I.,. urn .iii.it 1 1 - . ' V' '"'' ,
.A-Ifsw, Feaxcbb vs " Trat-A
troUing bull has lately arrived ia this city,
of fullSpawsh breed, which is Sored by .
hisowner to tak the field against all trot- '
ting Higsln the United States; for a wager
of one thousand dollara. The l i J-'
scribed to possess all the ruaois.? f ,n
a fast beaat, is of beautiful gyrate . . . h
jet blank tufted bail", end has acrrr!. ' ' ,
2,53 in hanjesa.' He U celled Doa G:ov .
nuan claims a ' hia sire the faens f
itig !T4lL wlioaadnircdtaoh creative -ry .
a rar ag by iiUiac tier :n tha.Tn .
de los Tores, Mjdid... 7. .-Thut.- ... A
yrxpecVioa Jakca up jacrt ytj in ""'
trust than fruition can discharge, f