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i a O I ulj.il a.
' NEW SEHIES VOL. 2
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Tnarsday jnomlnff, Oct. 99, 1331
jnTho following beautiful lines from the Dublin
University Magaslne will remind the reader of tliola,
cone In Banyan's " Pilgrim's Progress"! ' . -BEIOJD
Time Is a river deopand wide;
And while along Ita banks we at ray, i - ..
. Wesee onrloved onet o'er ttsttde '.; .' ,,V'
" " Bull from our slghl away.-away,. ".. ' j - -.
Where are they spod they who return
Ko more t glud oor lunging eyes? ,
They've passed from Ufe'a contracted bourne
To lund unseen, unknown that Hut. :
. r, ,- . : Beyond therlver., -'
.' ' . ' ' ' - -
'"' 'Tit Kid from Views; ut we may goes . .,
. How beautiful that realm must be;
F-r gleatnlnga of lis 1oTellnesf
In visions granted oft we oe. ,
TUo very clnnils that O'orltlhrow '
.'Tholrvtfll on raised for mortal sight, .' j i
' With gold and purple tintingi gliiw ,
.. KouucUid frem the glorious light
- ..'i,; .: . Beyond the river.
j -Xni gjntle alri,'ao woet,lo ealin, .
'- Bteat wmotlmes from that Tlowluu sphere;
The mourner fools their breath of balm,
And soothed sorrow urlos (ho tear.
And aomutimes list'nlng , may gain a
I' Entruuclngsouud that hither llouU;
The echo of dUUnt strain,
i' . ' Ofaurps and toIco Mended notos, ' ' ' 1
a " I . . " ... Boyondtlie rlver.
VTuanrlare our loved onos In their rest; .
They'vo eroised Time's River now no more
They heed the bubbles on Its breast,
. .. Hot feel the storms that aweejis Its shoroa.
But Tnaaa pnrejove can live, can lust
" Thoylook for ns their home to share;
" 11 Wheu we In tarn away hare passed, . . , ,
,.. What Joyful grocting wait us TKcnc, '
...... i ' Beyond the river. :
, Xllli CAVAI.ni' OFF1CEB, .
V. ' . OR ,.. ''
; 1'SIE WHITE SATIff OMXO
J Br LIEUTENANT MURBAT.
; .The period of Napoleon's career, when
Rt its xenith, is full of romantic adventures
jw connected with the history of the offi
cers' lives that served under the great cap
tain. He was quick to observe merit, and
prompt to reward it, -and this it was that
made liis followers so devoted to him, and
so anxious to distinguish themselves by
!rowoss iu btt'le, and strict soldiery con
luct in the Kmperor's service. - :
Oolonol Eugone Mervillo was an attache
of Napoloon's staff. He was a soldier in
the true sense of the word devoted to his
profession, and brave as a lion. Though
very handsome, and of fine bearing.ho was
of humble birth a mere child of the camp,
and had followed the drum and bugle from
boyhood. ' ' Every step in the line of pro
motion had been won by the stroke of his
Kiihre; and his last promotion from major
of cavalry was for a gallant deed which
transpired on the battle field beneath the
Emperor's own eye. Murat, that ptince of
cavalry oracors, loved him like a brotlior,
and taught him all that his own good taste
and natural instinct had not led him to ac
quire before. f;' ' ' ! " ' . ' '
. , It was the carnival season in Paris, and
(young Mervillo found htoasclf at the mask
ed ball in the French Opera House. Bet
tar adapted in his taste to the field than the
boudoir, he flirts but little with the gay
figures that cover the floor, and joins but
'seldom in the giddy waltz. But at last,
. while standing thoughtfully, and regarding
the assembled; throng with a vacant eye,
'his attention was suddenly aroused by the
nppearancc of a person in a white satin do
mino, the universal elegance of whose fig
'ure, manner;, and bearing, '.. convinced "all
that her face and mind must be equal to her
person in grace and loveliness. ' " .
' ' Though in so mixed an assembly, still
there was' a dignity, and reserve in the
manner of the white domino that rather
repulsed the idea of a familiar address, and
it was some time before the young soldier
Ifoitncl courage to speak to' her. Some a
ilarm being given, there was a violent rush
of the throng towards tho door, where, un
less assisted, the Jady would Jiave materi
ally .suffered. ' " Eugene.. Mbrville offers his
'army . and with hia broad shoulders and
Stout frame Wards off tho danger It was
delightful moment; the lady spoke the
purest French; was witty, ' fanciful, and
'Ahriady, pray false that mask; and re-
yoal tq me tlio charms of feature that must
accompany so sweet a voice and so grace
ful a form as you possess. . , : -, ;
';;.'t'You wpiild perhaps be disappointed.' '
1 'No, I am sure not,--''.- '-r
. 'Are vouso very confident?' '. '
Yee. I feel that you are beautiful.- It
.cannot pe otherwise,
'Don't bo too sure of that,', said the do
mino. 'Have you never heard of tho Irish
poet Moore's story of the veiled prophot bf
Khorassan how. when be disclosed Ins
countenance, its hideous aspeot killed his
beloved one?. How do You know that
shall not turn out a veiled prophet of Kho
ra8san?' . ' , . :.:' . r
Ah, ladyiT ' your every word convinces
jna jto the contrary replied the enraptur
ed soldier,, whose heart began to feel as
it had never felt before he was already in
She eludes his efforts at disoovery, but
permits him , to hand her to her carriage,
vrhiob, drives off in the darkness, and tho'
hi throws himself Upon his fleetest horse,
h&is unable to orertake nor..
v The' young ' French colonel becomes
moody; he has lost big heart, and knows
not what to di. He wandors hither and
thither, shuns his formerplaces of amuse
ment, avoids his military companions; and
in short is as miserable as a lover can well
bo, thus disappointed. . One night, just af
ter he had loft his ljotol, On foot, a figure
mufled to the very ears stopped him. '
'Well, Monsieur, . what would you with
me?' asked the soldier.
'You would know the name of the white
domino?' was the reply ' '
'I would indeed !" . replied . the officer,
hastily. ..'How can it be done?' .
'Follow me.' '. - .. ' '
, 'To the end of the earth if it will bring
me to her.' . 1 . ...
But you must bo blindfolded.' . ; : ?
. 'Step into thi3 vehicle. ''. 1 '
' 'I am at your command.'
And away rattled the youn?-soldier and
his strange companion. " -.?-
'. This may be a trick, reasoned Jiugeue
Merville, 'but I have no fear of personal
violence.'; I am armed with this trusty sa
bre, and can take care of myself.' .
But there was no cause for fear, since he
soon found the vehicle had-stopped, and he
was led-blindfolded into a' house. When
the bandage was removed from bis eyes he
found himself in a richly furnished boudoir,
and before him stood the domino just as
he had met her fit the masked ball. To fall
upon his knees and tell her how much he
had thought of her " since their separation,
that his thoughts had never left her, that he
loved her devotedly, was as natural as to
breathe, and he did so most gallantly and
'bhall I believe all you say !'
'Lady, let mo prove it by any test you
may put upon mo.'. .'
'ivnow then that the icelmgs you avow
are mutual. ; Nay, unloose your arm from
my waist. I have something more to say.'
xalk on forever, lady I .tour voice is
musio to my heart and ears.' "
Would you marry me, knowing no more
of me than you now do?' s " .
' Yes, if you were to go to the very altar
masked!' he replied. ; '
'Then I will tost you.'
'How, lady?' ,
For one year be faithful to the love you
have professed, and I will be yours as tru
ly as Heaven shall spare my life.' .'
'U eruol, cruel suKpouse!
'You demur?' .
'Nay; lady, I shall fulfil your injunctions
as I promised.
If at the expiration of a year you do not
hear from mo, then the contract chall bo
null and void, ' Take this half ring,' she
continued, 'and when I supply the broken
portion I will bo yours.'
Ho kissod the little emblem, swore again
and again to ba faithful, and pressing her
hand to his lips, bade Her auieu. lie wns
conducted away again as mysteriously as I
ho had been brought thither, nor could lie
by any possible means discover whero he
had beenjhis companion rejecting all bribes,
and even refusing " to answer tho simplest
Months roll on. Uolonel Merville is true
to his vow, and happy in the anticipation j
of love. Suddenly ho was ordore ion an
embassy to Vienna, that gayest of all Eu
ropean capitals, about the time that Na
poleon is planing to marry tho Arch-dueh-ess
Maria Louisa. Tho young colonel is
handsome, manly, and already distinguish
ed in arms, and becomes at once a great
favorite at court, every effort being made
by tho women to captivate him, but m vain;
he is constant and true to his vow.
But his heart was not made of stone; tho
very fact that ho had entertained such ton-
dor feelings tor the white domino, had
doubtless made him more susceptible than
before. At last he met the young Baroness
Caroline Waldrorr, and in spite of his vows
she captivates him, and ho secretly curses
the engagement he had so blindly made at
lJans. tjlie seems to wonder at what she
believes to be his devotion, and yot the dis
tance that he maintains. The truth was,
that his sense of honor was so great, that,
though ho really lOved the young hnroness, ,
and even that she returned his affection,
still he hnd given his word, and it was sa
The satin domino is no longer the ideal
of his heart, but assumes the most repuls
ive form in 'his imagination, and becomes,
in place of his good angel his evil genius!
Well, time rolls on; ho is to return in a
few days'; it is 'once more tho carnival sea
son, and in Vienna, too, that gny city. He
joins in (ho festivities of the masked ball,
and what wonder tills his brain, When a-
bout the middle of tho evening the white
domiilo steals before him, in the same white
satin dress he had seon her wear a year
before at tho French Opera House in Paris.
Was it not fancy?' ,. . , ." '
I come, ' Colonel Eusrcne Merville to
hold you to your promise,' she said, laying
a iiniiu iio,uuy. upon Uis, arm. .. ,
. 'I this reality or a, dream?' asked the
amazed soldier. - '
Como, follow mo, and you' shall, see
that it is reality,' continued the mask, pleas
antly. " ; "
l will.' .; . . . . ..
Have you been . faithful to your proin
isc?' asked the domino, oj they retired in
to a neighboring saloon. , - .
Most truly in act, out alas, i tear not in
It is too true, lady, that I have seen and
loved another, though my vow to you has
kept me from saying so to her.' ,
And who is this that you thus lover
''1 will be frank with you, and you will
keep my secret?' ,
; 'Most religiously. "
Jit .is the Baroness . Von. Waldroff,' he
said with a sigh..
. 'And you really love her,' '
. , 'Alas! only too dearly,' said the soldier
sadly. i -.v . .; .
'Nevertheless,' I must hold you to your
promise; here is the other half of the ring;
can you produce its mate?'. . ; . ;
'Here it is,' said Eugene Merville.
'Then, I, too, keep my promise!' said
the domino, raising her mask,' and show
ing to his astonished view the . face of the
Baroness Von. WaldronT J
LANCASTER, OHIO, THURSDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 20,1851
'Ah, it was the sympathy of true love
that attracted me. after all." exi-lHimoil tl,
young soldier, as he pressed her to his
She had seen and loved him for his man
ly spirit and character, and having found
by inquiry that be was worthy of her love,
she had managed this delicate intrigue.and
had tested him, and- now gave to him her
wealth, title, and every thing!
, Thev were married with croat nomn and
i v . , r-
ngcviiipanieu wie arcn-uueness to rang.
Napoleon, to crown . tho happiness of his
j. - ! ' i t, . . ...
nvorue, maue voionet r.ugene Merville at
once General Division. ' '- ..
LITTLE KATE'S STOlfy, "
OR, THE LITTLE GIRL WHO WAS AFRAID TO
MKET ITER FATHER.
Afraid to meet her father! Wliat could
"be the reason? What could have hanpen-
ed to make her so?. She had a ' kind, iiir
dulgent father, who loved her, and whom
she dearly loved. Why then should she
be afraid to see him? . I will tell yon. Mr.
S , the father of the little trirl. ( we
will call her Clara), had occasion to go a
long journey, and before he left he charg
ed his children to be good and obedient
during his abscence. They promised to
be very good indeed, as they no doubt ful
ly intended to bo when they received his
parting kiss." They had no mother, but a
kind relative took care of them in the
place of the dear mother who was in her
grave. : . ' .. ...
They had lessons to learn,, and Clara
did not much like to learn them.she would
much rather read the pretty stories in the
little books that had been given to hor. ;
, One day when she was set to learn a
lesson, she had uot quite finished the pret
ty tale she wasreading, soshe laid the book
inside her Arithmetic, and went on read
ing; She had not finished it, however,
before she heard her aunt coming, and
hastily put her book behind her; but notso
hastily, however, as to prevent her aunt
from seeing the act. '" 1 '
"Studying, ma'am," was the reply. . '
"But what were you doing when I came
"Studying, aunt," she again replied,
but more faintly than before. !
"Clara, wero you studying your lesson
when I came in?"
She hesitated a moment, and then turn
ing pale, and trembling with the consci
ousness of guilt, said faintly. "Yes, ma'
am." Her aunt lifted her out of tho chair
and without saying a word, pointed to the
book. She knew she deserved punishment
and expeotcd it; but her aunt said, "I
shall not punish you," Clara; your father
will bo home next week, and you must
tell him what you have done."
'O, I can not, aunt! I can not! a thou
sund limes rather would I that you should
whip mo. Do anything you will, but do
not, please do not, make me tell him."
; But her aunt wished her to learn a les
son which she would hot soon forget, and
remain firm. 0, how sad and miserable
was Clara all that week; she had so wish
ed for her father's return and now she al
most wished he Would not come. Clara
was reaping the bitter fruits of disobedi
ence and falsehood. She could not play,
and she found no pleasure in reading.
The very sight of tho book for which she
had risked so much was hateful to her.
At last her father came home. Mr. S
had expected to see his merry-hearted lit
tlo Clara run out the first to clasp her arms
around his neck and kiss him, and bid him
welcome home. But no, there were the
rest, all but her. Not a little surprised, he
asked for her, no one knew her wherea
boutsj'but Bhe was well. So ho conclu
ded she did not know he had come, but
would como when she knew of it. Soon
he went into the Library for something.and
there by a window stood Clara. In spite
of her sad feelings a gleam of pleasure
lighted tip her countenance as she saw her
dear, dear father, but when he asked where
was my little dsughter that she did not
come to welcome me, her sorrow returned,
and as he stooped to kiss her, she drew
back; and said "No father, you would not
kissmoif you knew all." -And covering her
face with her hands, she burst into tears.
Mr. S.- sat down, took little Clara on
his knee, and asked the cause of her grief.
And when she had told him all, she felt
worse than evor to see how grieved and
troubled he was. ' At length he said,: in a
a low snd voice, the .way of the transgress
or is hard, my child the way of the trans
gressor, is hard. And putting her on his
knee, he knelt by hor side ond prayed that
liod would tor Christ s sake torgive her
8irt,'ftnd makdhot meet "for ; Heaven," that
she might one day meet her dear mother
there, and dwell forevor with her . Savior.
Then ho rose and said, "Is my little girl
sorry for her fault?". "0, yes, father, I
was sorry as soon as I had done it, but 1
did not think how wicked it was till now.
I hope, 0, 1 hope I shall never be so bad
again," said she earnestly. "Then may
(iod forgive you, as I do now," and stoop
ing down ho kissed her tenderly in token
t forgiveness, and' she Went away once
mora at peace with herself, and determined
with God '8 help, to keep in mind the words
of hor kind parent. .'And little Clara nev
er forgot that tho way of the transgressor is
hard. ' " '. ;. Cousin Soa. ,
Tub Poor Boy's College. The Print
ing Office has indeed proved a better Col
lege to many a poor boy, has ' graduated
more useful and conspicuous members of
society, has brought more intellect and
turned it into practical useful channels, a
wakened more mind, generated - more ac
tive and elevated thought, than many of
the literary colleges of the country.- How
many a dunce has passed through ' these
colleges wim no tangioie prooi ,oi . mness
other than his inanimate piece of parch
ment, himself, if possible, more inanimate
than his leather diploma! " There Is some
thing in the very atmosphere of a prihting
office, calculated to awaken the mind and
inspire a thirst for knowledge. A boy
who -commences in such a school, will
have his talents and ideas brought out; if
he has no mind to draw out, the boy him
self will be.driven out. N. K, Globe.
Volcanoes:?-Tusi Causes. The gen
eral tl leory embraced by some leading men
of science, (Ssy tho Scientific American,)
in referonce to .the cause, of volcanoen, U
that they are the smoke-pipes of the great
fire in the interior of this earth. They
believe that we. live on the top of a huge
white-hot cauldron, and that volcanoes in
different parts of the world are merely vents
of this internal fire. - The following are the
views of Prof. Silliman, of Yale College,
on the subject, embraced in a lecture re
cently delivered in New York city: '
"The internal heat of the earth is prov
ed by direct experiments. A wmLmm
is still living in Paris, who first called the
attention of geologists and philosophers to
this subject. He was one of the most sci
entific men who accompanied Napoleon to
Egypt, when he went ou that expedition
for ftapoleon took with hira not only the
weapons of w ar, but he took a ranch more
important cohort that
and art, and literature, able to explore an
cttium an mo antiquities ol - that most
important, ana venerable country. A great
literary work resulted from this
which proved to the world that the interior
of the earth was in a heated state, bring
ing together facts already known, in regard
to mines and springs: This fronernl nrin.
cipal announced, has been followed up re-
yc.iicuiy vy ueep Dorings, called artesian
Wells. The very deep well in Paris had
been worked upon for seven vears. without
reaching water, when Argo came forward,
andgavo tho Government assurance that if
uiey continue the work and go on through
the bods of chalk, thev would in all nroh-
ability, find water. They continued their
work till they got through tho chalk.whcn
the water rose up in a great volume of
twelve feet. This water sat ill flows tlii.ro
and doubtless will continue to flow till the
end of time. This water was., likewise
found to be hot.
Man V other nrfi.slun wnllu linvn r,.n
j - - ....... . . u . V. WVVII
made all over Europe.for various purposes,
ana me uniiorm results has been, that wo
hnd the earth increasing in heat the lower
we go down. Add to this the tostimnn v of
those who work in very deep mines, and
we ascertain the fact that the rate of heat
increases about one degree to every fiftv
feet of descent; so that if we were to rro
down two miles, we should find boiliii"-
water, and at ten miles we mipht reasonably
expect to find ignited rocks. Is all, then
beneath us on fire? -1 am not prepared to
say, with some, that this is the case, al
though there is strong evidence to iustifv
such a theory. Witness tho Get-sera r.f
Iceland, whero hot waters are rnshinrruii
from the earth age after age and century
after century. The result of all observa
tions on springs goes to show that they are
thermal that Is. of a hisher terhnorature.
The Azores present a very importaut fact
in example. 1 he hot springs ot Lucca, m
the Appenine Mountains are larrre snout
ing springs, of a high temperature, so co
pious that they mty be relied upon for hot
oatns an me year round. Another case is
the hot springs of Bath, in England. These
are the more remarkable, as there are no
volcanoes in the British Islands. We know
that, from the time of tho Romans, these
waters have never ceased to trush ud in
"The hot sDriners of the Rockv Moun-
tains are also very important, and the great
Salt Lake in and the thermal, we have from
these sources Xhe best evidence of the heat
ed temperature of the internal portion of the
earth, and this is placed beyond all ques
tion, by the great volcanoes in the world.
And here we have decisive evidence that
the heat which will melt the solid rock is
not connected with any external cw.use; for
amono the cold, icv mountains, them nrA
volcanoes bursting up to the height of 12,-
"In Spain and South America we find
great volcanoes bursting out. The fact is,
the world is on fire. It was kindled at the
time of its creation, and has been burning
ever since. ' ' "
Mechanics' Wives. Speaking of the
middle rank of life.a good writer observes:
There we behold woman in her glory;
not a doll ' to carry silk and jewels; not a
puppet to be nattered by profane adoration
-reverenced to-day, discarded to-morrow
always jostled out of the place which na
ture and society would assign her, by sens
uality or by contempt admired but not ro
fpneted desirod but not esteemed ruled
4y passion, not affected imparting her
weakness not her constancy, to the sex she
could exalt, the source ana mirror of vani
ty; we see her a wife, partaking the care
and cheering the anxiety of a husband, di
viding his toils by hor constant diligence,
spreading cheerfully around her; for his
siiko sharing the decent refinements of the
world, without being vain of them, placing
all her joyes and happiness in the man she
loves. As a mother, we hud her the anoc-
tionate and ardent instruotress of children
who she has tended from their infancy,
training them to thought and benevolence,
addressing them as rational beings, prepar
ing them to become men and ' women in
their turn. Mechanics' daughters beoomo
the best wives in the world."
Beautiful Allegory. The following
allegory is translated from the German:
. Soprhonius, a wise teacher, would not
suffer even his grown-up sons and daugh
ters to associate with those whose conduct
was. not pure and upright. . ' '-'
"Dear Father," said the gentle Eulalia
to hira one day, when he forbade her, in
company, with her brother, to visit the Lu
cinda; "you must think us very childish
if you imagine that we should bo exposed
to danger by it."
The father took in silence a dead coal
from the hearth, and reached it to his
daughter. "It will uot burn you, my child
take it." ' -
Eulalia did so and beheld her beautiful
white hand was .soiled and blackened, and
as it chancod. her white dress also. - '
"We cannot be too careful in handling
coals," said Eulalia, in vexation..
'Yes, truly," said her father, "you see
mv child., that ooals. even if they do not
burn, blacken, so it is with the y icious." .
Tns Proposed New State of Hcroh.
A writer in the "Lake Superior JourmT'
thus marks off tho boundary of this pro
posed new State, in the groat mineral re
gions of the North:
Ebium of Lake Superior Jotbkal
Sir: Having read attentively the articles
in your paper ot the ult., in regard to
tho organization of a new State tube ad Jed
to the American Union, consisting of the
region of country now known as the min
eral district of Michigan, Wisconsin and
Minnesota, 1 should be p!caod to make the
following suggestions. The most aroro
priate name for the new State would be
Huron, frora the circumstance of that lake
lorming its natural eastern boundary, in
eontra-distinetion to lake Michigan which
gives name to the at present parent State
to which most of the proposed territory is
now unfortunately attached. bintr wrxii-Ht.
ed by the straits of MAckinao, somu ten or
twelve miles in width.
The proposed boundary might be as
follows, commencing at the prerent boun
dary lino between Michigan and Wiscon
sin on the south, and run to the 46.b de
gree of north latitude; thence due west on
said line of latitude to the Missisxippi river;
theuee north along said river to Lake Cass,
continuing the line by a stream running
nearly duo north to Rainy Lake River;
thence easlwardly along tho present boun
dary of the United States and Canada to
tho east end of Drummond's Island; thence
southwesterly through the Strait of Mack
inac and along Lake Michigan and Green
U.I V til tu rAu.f R rtf llurnninir
This territory wo..?l pX ..f
about 60.000 sauare miles. wliii-li r.mo
15,000 miles would be water, leaving 45,-
000 square miles, or an area about the same
as that of the State of New York, now the
Empire State of the Union. Let this pro
ject be favorably viewed by the occupants
ot tins valuable and interesting region in
connection with the inhabitants of Wiscon
sin and Minnesota, and according to mod
ern democratic doctrine the object could
be accomplished without any further
trouble than the necessary legislation.
With the St. Mary's river and Lake
Huron on the east, the Mississippi on the
west, and Lake Superior in the centre, to
gether with the agricultural and mineral
resources of - the newly proposed State, no
more favored section than the above
could be found east of tho Rocky Moun
tains. Railroad communications could bo form
ed with Wisconsin on the south, and no
doubt a grant of land for a railroad to the
Pacific could be obtained from the general
government, said road to commence at the
west end of Lake Superior and terminating
on Puget's Sound in the new Territory of
Washington. Yours respectfully,
- - ,'- . " . A New-Yorker. -
Towns in Kansas. Towns are spring
ing up in various parts of our -oung Ter
ritory. On the Missouri, besides Leaven
worth, there aro Atchison, near the mouth
of Independence Creek, and Kiekapoocite
at the lower end of Kickapoo Bluffs.
Atchison has a very good site, and will
always have a good landing. Its situation
is elevated, and will afford many fine lots
for building residences and business hous
es. There are fine springs of water within
the limits of the towns. The country in its
rear is rather destitute of timber, being the
divide between tho waters of Missouri and
Kansas. Kickapoo city has an elevated
situation, with a good landing, which will
bo permanent. Its surface is gently undu
lating, but not too broken for building pur
poses. It is well supplied with springs,
and has plenty of timber in its vicinity. It
is said that stone coal and building stone a
bound in this vicinity. On Kansas are
Douglas city, New Boston, Tecumseh city,
and perhaps other places laid off.
Douglas city is the first above the Shaw
nee reservation, forty miles from the Mis
souri line, and about thirty from this place.
We have no information in relation to the
sito, but presume it is a good one.
Now Boston is the focus of New Eng
land emigration, and is a fine locatiou. It
is known in the territory as "Yankee
Town." They have already some two
hundred men in and about the town, and
are preparing to build up a manufacturing
t. 1 a cc. e ji .i.
city, it is auuui uuy nines iiuin mu iuouiu
of Kansas, and thirty-five from this place.
Tecumseh city is farther up the Kansas,
on the north sitl.s has a good site and a fine
country back. Wo have heard it describ
ed as a place of rare beauty. It is known
by the name of Stinson's. Kansas Her.
JtW An eminent and venerable man " has
just died at Washington, in the person of
William Darby. Of the deceased the In-
tolligoncer has tho following obituary no
Died Yesterday, in this city, William
Darby, tsq., in the 80th yearof his age.
Mr. D. was a native of Pennsylvania, but
i r j i.I ... ...
ill nis luiuncy reuioveu wiiu 1110 pirenis tu
Ohio, when the whole trans-Alleghany
country was a wilderness inhabited only
by fierce and savage tribes of Indians.
Reared in that country, he With its growth
and aided by Ins love of physical and espe
cially of geographical science, ho was -better
acquainted with the geography and
early history of the Great West than any
man wo have known. His knowledge
was not. however, confined to his own
country, but ranged through all tho world
and through all recorded history; Tho
acquirements engrafted on a mind of re-
markable vigor and power of analysis.ren-1
dored him the most accurate historian ge
ographer and statistican of whom we have
ever had any knowledge. Nor was he less
remarkable for the wisdom which he drew
frora the lessons of history and experience.
He was a man of singular sincerity, probi
ty and benevolence, und was equally de
serving of respeot for his virtues and admi
ration for the powers of, his enlightened
understanding! - -
JTSTTIiq more a man goes to law, the
less real justice he is apt to get. J ustice is
about as scarce in & court-house as toddy
is a temperance meeting, or roses in snow
banks. ., ' . . .'
IU prov to o, uy Meads, I hope, '
So none a doubt oa harbor.
That all the werld's a barber shop.
And every anaa'sa barber,
Some share to mAi Uwnawlvu look eot,
Aadsnua heeaaee lis fuenf,
Bat brokers share yob la the street.
And only share for money,
T court a girl with eloquence,
The dandy never frets her.
But lathers her with eoiapUmsnu,
And $kat kr when he gets her.
Some asaidiMU ales, now and thaa.
Who are ao fond ofsporuag.
Will soap the shallow -minded men.
And as vaiaf t iyVe tamrtinf.
But men and girls who thus will boast,
Ofsrraplng while they tarried,
Will Dud at last with Mlvr aost,
ThM f IA gitshamei c mmrriU.
XMen of business are hardly aware of
th6 immense change which a few years
have wrought In the power of the public
pres3. As a general rule, an advertisement
in a paper now, will meet the eyes of four
to ten times as many persons as a like an
nouncement would hare done twenty years
ago. It is cany to place one where it will
meet the eyes of one hundred thousand per
sons in two days, or by using half-a-dozen
papers, to challenge the attention of half a
million of persons. When it is practicable
to obtain such publicity at the cost of a few
dollars, and when some actually do obtain
it, how can those who neglect itexpect to
builJ uPa new business? An old one may
i subsist, nutl iu customers gradually droo
j ff by death or removal; but Le who would
'build up a business now. must be "like the
time," and improve the advantages it of
fers. Foremost among these is tho facility
now so cheaply afforded for general adver
tising. To neglect it is like resolving nev
er to travel by steam or communicate by
telegraph. It is to close one's eyes to the
light, and insist on living in perpetual dark
ness. An individual may do this at his
own cost; but a community, a class, will
never act so insanely; and he who ncglecta
the advantages of his advertising, not only
robs himself of his advantages, but he be
stows the spoils on his wiser rivals.
The Four Master SriRm.--IIappening
to cast my eye over the portraits in a gal
lery of paintings, I remarked that they ar
ranged as to gi re four personages Alex
ander, llanibal, Caesar and Bonaparte the
most conspicuous places. I had seen the
same before, but never did a similar train
of reflections arise in my bosom,, as when
my mind now hastily glanced over their
several histories. , . . 1. .. . .
Alexander, having ch'med the dizzy
bights of ambition, and with his temples
bound with the chaplets dipped in the
blood of countless nations, looked down
upon a conquered, set a city on fire, and
died in a disgraceful scene of debauch.
llanibal, after having, to the astonish
ment and consternation of Rome passed the
Alps and having put to flight the armies
of this "mistress of the world," and strip
ped three bushels of gold rings from the
fingers of her slaughtered knights, and
mods her very foundations quake return
ed to his country to be defamed.to be driv
en in exile, and to die at last by poison,
administered by his own hand unlamcntcd
and unwept, in a foreign clime.
Caesar, after having taken eight hundred
cities, and dyed his garments in the blood
of his fellow men after having pursued
to death the only rival he had on earth
was assassinated by those he considered his
nearest friends, and at the very point in
which he had gained the object of his ambi
tion. Bonaparte, Whose mandate kings abd
priests obeyed.after having deluged Europe
with tears and blood, and clothed Europe
in sackloth closed his days in lonely ban
ishment, almost exiled from the world, yet
where be could sometimes see his country'
banner waving over the deep but which
would not, or could not bring him aid."
Thus, these four men, who from the pe
culiar situations of their portraits, seemed
to stand as representatives of all those whom
the world calls "great" these four who
made the earth tremble to its centre sev
erally died one by intoxication, the second
by suicide, the third by assassination, the
lost in lonely exile.
How vain is greatness of this world!
How wonderful is the gift of genius, if
it be abused? Who that is now livin
would not rather die the death of the
righteous man, than that of Alexander, or
Ciesar, or Napoleon?
Preserving Butter. The
Aberdeen, Scotland, are said to practice the
: following method of curing their butter,
i w!iich gives it a superiority over that of
their neighbors: "lake two quarts ot the
best common salt, one ounce of sugar, and
one ounce ot eommon saltpetre; take one
ounce of this composition for one pound of
butter, work it well into the mass, and close
, it up for use
The butter cured with this
mixture appears of a rich marowy consist'
ency and fine color, and never acquires a
brittle hardness or tastes salty. Dr. An
derson says: 1 have eaten butter cured
with the above composition that has been
kept for three years, and it was as sweet as
It must be noted, however, that
, butter thus cured requires to stand three
Weeks or a month before it is used. If it
is sooner opened, the salts are not sufncient-
ly blended with it, snd sometimes the cool
ness of the nitre will be perceived, which
5TWThat can be more honorable than
to have courage enough to execute tho
commands of reason and conscience; to
maintain the dignity of our nature, and the
station assigned us; to be proof against pov
erty, pain, and death itself; so for as pot to
rln nnvthinr that is scandalous or sirrfuHn
avoid them;to stand adversity :.unaii
. o . .
shapes with decency and resolution? - To
do this is to be great above title and for
tune. This argues tho soul of a heavenly
extraction, and w worthy the offspring of
the Deity. " .' :; ' ;.:
WHOLE NO 5 17
From The Niagara Democrat.
The l.benezers. '.'-''
It h.slattlybeeu announced that this sin
gular and yet permanently successful com
munity are desirous of breaking Up their
establishment in order to remove to some
of the new States or Teritorics at tin Wert,
where they can obtain a large domain ! and
perhaps with the additional motive of be
coming more isola'ed tbhn they can be in
their present location. It is stated that
they have been offered $5,500,000 for
their property, which is tj500,000 short
of their asking price.
Their douutu is eight miles from the city
of Buffalo, on the Old j'eneca Reservation.
The agents of the Society purchased about
6,000 acres of the land of the Ogden Com
pany soon after the Gillet Treaty, ir 1842;
and about 3,000 have been added by sub
sequent purchases. A largo portion of il
is very large fields mum xhoxoughly. culti
vated than any lands in Western New
York; indeed it is almost garden, instead
of field cultivation. Their farm building ,
especially their immense barns, are speci
mens of convenience and capacity, in nil
their appointment, which wo have nevn
seen excelled in this class of buildings. '
They resild principally in three sep-t '
rate villages, that have a quiet andrui; I
aspect; the buildings of brick and woo...
plainly but substantially constructed.
There is valuable water power upon U.!
streams we have named, which they hav i
improved by the erection of saw-mills, wyj. -en
and cotton manufactories, and forotLt:
manufacturing purposes. Tbey excell i,i
woolen manufactures, broadcloths, cossi
meres and flannels especially; and they
have among theni some superior artists.
They have large flocks and herds; and
what is singular in this country, their
sheep are under the care of shepherds. Or
der, system, neatness, characterize their
wide domain throughout. Work, work,
work, is the order of the day, with them
industry as steady as the movements in a
tread-mill; and in their working ranka,
without much distinction of sex, in field
and forest, gardens, manufactories and me
chanic shops, are emboacad all ages from
seven years upward. The population is
now about 2,000.
It is a communist or common-property
association of a distinct religious type;
Protestant, but what kind of Protestant
we are unable -to state. Whatever their
faith is, they are extremely devout ; and
as we should judge sincere, and even se
vere, in their religious observances. They
"marry and ere given iu marriage ;" but
what will be regarded as the most extraor
dinary, they are practical Maltbusian'
when the economy of their organization
demands it. We have been told that when
they contemplated emigration to this coun
try, in view of their then condition, and
what thay must ancotiu'er in-Sxixig new
home, they concluded there should be no
increase of their population by births, for
a given number of years ; and the regula
tion was strictly observed. But a glance
at the flocks of, "juveniles" in their com
munity, would be evidence that, to "multi
ply and replenish the earth" was a part of
meir religious creeoi -
The organization had its rise in Germa
ny, on the banks of the uhine, and has ex
isted nearly an hundred tears. They have
an elective board of Governors, or elders
thirty in number upon Whom devoirs
all the legislation of the community; but
they appoints single executive offioer.upon
whom devolves tue enure superintendence -
of their other varied enterprises. In addition
to their enterprises, they are becominglarge
money lenders. We know little of the de
tails of the internal policy of these very
A.i i- a ..: t
succcsmui situ uounnDing communists, ue
yond the fact that it is entirely voluntary;
a member of the community is at any tima
at liberty to withdraw from it, and to draw
out of the common mnd all he has contrib
uted, and its proportionate inoroase.
Our readers who are familiar with their
Bibles as we are to presume they all are
will readily infer what is the scriptural
derivation of the name "Efcenezers.'" -
Paper Making. We have at present in
the United States, 750 paper mills, which,
it has been estimated, manufacture 270,
000,000 pounds a year, valued at 827,000,
000. Allowing that one and a half pounds
of rags are required to make one pound of
paper, we have 405,000,000 pounds of rags
consumed in one year, which, at the rate of
four cents a pound, are worth $16,200,000;
and if we add to this the cost of manufac
turing, which, with interest and fixed cap
ital, insurance, expenses, tc, has been
found to be 84,050,000, and the cost of
labor, making an aggregate ef 823,635s
000, as the actual expenditure, in manu
facturing paper worth 827,000,000 we find
"the measure of profit by no . means un-
i reasonable; and which might even be con
sidered small, were not the manufacturer
comparatively free from those sudden
changos that affect the manufacture ' for
cloth and metals." If a substitute of rags
be discovered, which will keep the supply
of paper fully up to tho demand, we can
readily perceive, that a tremendious impe
tus will be given to the manufacture.
Death. What a fearful name it is.
executioner of the divine displeasure on a
fallen race the cold, heartless desolater of
friendships, and homes, and hopes, and
plans. And how multiplied the channels
of his approach! Think of the many in
numerable diseases which prepare the way
for his fatal stroke. Think of the many
dangers, seen and unseen,' which are con
tinually around our path. The atmos
phere we breatht, the food we eat the wa
ter we drink, the smallest insect which w
can discern, are all his voluntary auxilia
ries. Well does Flaval say, "The small
est pore in the body is a door large enough
to let the destroyer In." We say of tn
mariner on tho treacherous deep, that h
momentarily floats with only a slender
plank between him and eternity; but our in
security on land is as great as his. Were
I not our senses benumbed to the voice of
JiNpI'ohI, we should read a warning In every
.. ,. to .verr fallintr leaf.
in everv fadinz flower, in every wind that
sighs. Even sleep would be to us a mighty
monitor of doth ever present emblem
of our mortality. V A . . .,