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NEW SERIES VOL. 2
i! mtrastcr diit.
CITY OF LANCASTEK.
T. S. SLAUGHTER, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR,
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Thursday MorniwS. 1854
THE MAHttlAGE VOW.
Spoak ll not llghty-HU a holy thing,
' A bond o ad u ring through long distaul joars,
"When Joy o'er tiiltie abode is hovering,
Or when thlno eyo U wot with bitterest toar,
Rocordod by an angel'i feu on high,
And nut bo questioned iu oturoily!
Spoak Itnol lightly!- though Uia young and gay
Are thronging round tlioo now with tonus of mirth,
Lot not tho holy promlso of to day
Fado llko tho clouds thut with tho morn have birth;
But evor bright aud aaorod may It bo,
Storoil In tho troajuro coll of memory. ,.
Ufa will not provo ili sunslilno llioro will corao
Dark hours for all Oh, will yo, when tho night
Of sorrow gathora thickly 'round your homo,
Lovu, as yo did In limes whon calm and bright
Saoiu'd tho luro pulh yo trod, untouch'd by care, ;
And doomod tho futuro, liko tho prusont, fair.
Kye that now boaiu wlthhoalth, may yot grow dim,
. And chocks of rosy-ttuo forgot tholr glow;
langiiorand pal assail each activo limb,
And lay,pori-hacO,ioino worship'd boauty,
Turn will yo garo upon tho altorod browT
And lovo aa fondly, faithfully, as nowT
Should Fortuno frown on yor dofon coloss head,
Should storms o'ortako yonr bark on life's dark soa,
Fioroo tempests roud the sail so golly spread,
Whon hope nor syron strain sang Joyously, -
Will yo look up, though clouds your sky o'ortasl.
And say, tooituir w will bldo tho blast?
Ago, with its sllv'ry locks comas stealing on,
And brfiigs tho'tottoring stop, tho furrow'd chook,
Tho oyo from which each lustrous gloain hath gono,
And tlio palo lip, with acconU low;ond weak,
Will yoTiiKu turn upon yourlifo's gny prlmo,
An smiling, bid Lovo trjuuiph over tlmo,
Rpeak R aot lightly! oWboware, bowaro!
'Tisnft vain promise! no unmoanlng words
Lc! yo mon and angels list the faith ye swear,
And by the High and Holy one 'tis hoard,
Oil. then knool humbly at His altar now, '
And pray for strength to keep the marriage vow!
A Thank'sivlni; Story,
- ' . br it At MEADOWS.
In a valley, among thu mountairia of
Vm-mont, tho lights of tho litilo vilLtgo of
N -twinkled brightly in trio clcnr at-hiasphore-
Tho moon, just riB-'n.was filling
tho valley with glory. Tho church Fpircs
glistened liko burnished silver, wliilo the
roof of tho dwellings, Iho trees, tho walls
And fences, with their burden of snow,
ehone liko crystal,
" It was tho night precodlng tho annual
fostivnl, whon each ono turns from his de
vious' way, to ro-unitoonce more iii u love
foast, beneatli the paternal roof. Tho jing
lingof sleigh-bells nnd tho tread of horse
foot on tho crusty, snow, were pleasant
sounds, but pleasanter still tho crackling
of blazing logs, that gleamed through the
opening doors, and tho cheerful laugh, the
morry greeting, as ono aftor another tho
vacant soats woro filled.bosido e.ichhearth-Btonc.,-
' " " ' 1
Tho fitmily of Dudley Carloton were
gathorod around tho tiro, thoughtful and
silent. Tho venerable old man, with a
head whito ai tlld baautiful frost-work that
pictured window-panes, leaned back in
his arm chair, and scemod watching the
long, nickering shadows, dancing on tho
wall. Near him sathis wife his . wifo of
almost fifty years; hor onco black hair, now
thickly sprinkled with silver, lay smoothly
bonaath a snowy cap.whilo hergerttlo eyes
restod on a rosy cheek rosy with hoalih
ftn.fl the warmth Of tho bright blaie, whoso
ellow nestled among tho soft folds of her
Tho room was still savo tlio musical click
ot the knlttldg tieddlea, which her fingers
busily, plied tho low breathing of tho
.chiU, and the snapping and simmering 6f
tho fragrant arid ttitctioiis wood. , On the
opposito sido,- Elisabeth Bell, aii orphan
but loved as a daughter, was sotting the
last Sticlids in & frock of bright oolors.for
the lltlld dreainor on his grandmother's
krteo. Evor and anon Elizabeth lifted her
eyes to tho old man's facb, and again they
drooped nnd fi'H sadly. , Sorrow was there
-nottha wild, tumultuous sorrow tho
inounifer feols when the first clod of earth
is cast on the bosom of his 'best beloved,
but a settled, silent sorrow, which time
Cannot alleviate grief, not for tho dead,
but the living. .-' Tlio cordsof their hearts
Xyere too tightly strung for words they
.taught break- in tears. !r.
,i Tho old man's oyos rested on the clock,
Its It struck tho hour of family Worship,
fend then turned towards Elizsboth. Lay
ing asido her work, she drew the Biblo to
wards hor and opened to a fadod ribbon,
tvhioh had marked tholr daily roading for
tiiany years, while tho agod woman folded
away hor polished noodles and aronscd the
sleeping child by a gentle kiss. Then the
sweet voice of Elizabeth commoncod read
ing tho thirty-fourth psalm. It grow tremu
lous toward the closo, and As sho finished
the eighteenth and nineteenth versos
'The Lord is nigh unto thom that are of
a hwken heart; and savoth such as be of a
contrite spirit. .;
'Many are tho afflictions of thoightoous;
but the Lord delivereth him. out of them
all," and failed here entirely." Tho old
"'man,5.witli closed eyes, continued , "
'Ho keopeth all his bones; not one of
them is broken.'. For a moment ho hesita-
; fed, then repeated in a low voice,' but un
"Evil shall slay " tho Wicked, and they
that hate the righteous shall be desolate."
Then with tho tears gushing from his eyes
he exclaimed with fervor.
'The Lord redcemeth the soul of his ser
vants; and none of them that trust in him
shall be desolate."
'Elizabeth,' said ho, 'you may select the
parablo to night. lie quickly turned to
tho fifteenth chapter of Luke, as if in the
delay ofa momcnthor courage would fail
her. How had she yearned for years to
cive utterance at tho family altar to this
beautiful parablo. And should she now
on the sixth anniversary of their urcul sor
row. As if impelled by a voice within.she
could not resist, sho read Willi a clear tone
but soft and low as a harp, tho parable o
tho 'Prodigal Son.' As sho proceeded
she permitted the dark curls to tall lowc
and lower, for her eyes were swimming in
tears, feho ceased, the uoarv man drop
pod on Lis trembling knees, and with an
impassioned fervor which seemed to lift
him to tho very gates of heaven, ho poured
out his soul unto Uott.
For tho 'Prodigal Son, he prayed, the
son 'lost,' and wrostlod, like Jacob, for a
blessinir. Low sobs and sighs escaped
from heavinz bosoms, and littlo Willie
name-sake of the lost one his own, sweet
eyes dewy with sympathetic tears, kissod
awav the drons. that fell on his rrrandmolh
cr's hand. They rose renewed by strength
from above.nnd ns Elizabeth turnod to leave
the ared pair, Mr. Carloton placed his
hands on her head, calling hor 'My daugh
ter, and blessed her.
No sloop camo to tho eyes of Elizabeth
Bull, as memory brought tho pictures of her
lite beioro her. borne bathed in sunlight,
with tho dew of hope and happiness spark
ling on every flower, the heavens without
a cloud, the earth without a thorn, oth
ers, with a darkening sky, but decked with
golden spots, and others, alas! with
clouds, dark, 0, how dark, without a tinge
to show Iho sun behind. Sho scos herself
a lone-orphan, claspod in tho arms of her
lather s friend ami takeu homo to his heart
and hearth. William Carleton stands be
fore her, in nil his bovish beauty, affection
ate, generous and noble, striving, without
a selhsh thought, for months, yes, even
years, to win her from her irriefandloneli
ness. 'Is it strange, she asks herself, 'I
loved, aye, almost worshipped him?'
i ho picture moves it changes, one is
a woman with a woman's hopes and fears.
He, treading with rapid steps, tho roal to
fame. Sho is the star that beams on his
path, and in mutual love they look down
tho loni vista of lifo without a fear.
Again it changes O that sho could
close hor eyes, weary with weeping on tho
sad reality. That eyo, so full ot boautv
burns with a fire which love nor ambition
can never inspire, that cheek is sultused
with a Hush which an unsullied soul never
brings, and all the holy, pure and God-like
attributes are sinking deep, deep in the
slou 'ti of inebriety; the clou 1 doopons-
the tempost descends, whitening tho raven
locks of father nnd mother, and he forsakes
them and her, a miserable besottod wretch
IIopo has faded out from her young life,
leaving it dark and drenry, and sho longod
for death the grim monster seemed to her
an anel of morcy. Thon the sad faces of
the agod brings who, so meekly nnd un
complaining, bore the cross, looked re
proachfully on her, and she prayed Uodto
formve tho wish of her heart, to dto.
Tho thought of tho duties to be done,
fell like'a blessing, soothing her to sleep.
Still tho pictures moved beforo her, but
the clouds grew thin, nnd now nnd then a
stray sunbeam would pierco the blackness;
when suddenly, a scene ot wondrous Deau-
ty burst on her vision. William (Jarloton
was beforo her in Unsullied manhood, a
garland of pure whito ilowors encircled his
brow, which shone in tho brightness of a
star, that burned in glory above him.- At
his feet flowed a crystal stream, and at his
jglit hand an angt-l radiont with loveli
ness, stood with an open scroll, on which
was written in letters of golJ, 'Though
your sins be as scarlet, they shallbe as white
as snoie;though they he red Uke crimsonjhey
shall be as wool.' ......
Sho '. awoke and the Sun was shining
brightly in at tho window. With a cheer
ful zeal she went about her hospitablo du
ties so necessary to tho comfort and full
enjoymont of friends, and as tho hour of
the feast approached, sons nnd daughters,
with their merry troup of . children, gath
ered round tho welcome hearth. Littlo
Willie the youngcstlamb of theflock, clung
to his mother's knee from whom hq had
been separated a few weeks, with pertina
cious devotion, still casting alfcctionnto
glances at his grandmother, as if to assuro
her of Ins tinwanw'; love.
The family, circlo was unbroken, savo
ono link. As they gathered around tho feg-
livo buftrJ, tho ono vacant soat scorned a
mockery of hope. Six times, in six long,
weary, wary years had it stood thero, and
still it was empty. They Stood reverently,
while tho venerable patriarch besought h
blessing the little oncs.with foldod hands,
vainly striving, with fast Winking eyes, to
shut from their gazo grandmothor's tempt
ing viands. : For the ."Prodigal Son," a
gam ho prayod, tho son, 'lost,' 'tost, whilo
tlio tears ramcd down hid wrinkled cheeks,
when a low, musical voice was heard,
sweeter thau any earthly music to tho ears
of Elizabeth Boll 'lather I have sinned -
gainst Heaven, and in thy sight, and am 'no
more worthy to be called thy son, and Wil
liam Carloton appeared to their wondering
gaze, his eyes fastened on the faceof Eliza
beth, which changed like a summer clodd.
Ho stood beforo them, o man, with tho im
press ofa high and noblo soul on his broad,
whito brow. -
- Tho old man seemed paralyzed for it rao
mont, thon opening his arms, which trom
blod liko an nspin. he clasped his son to his
aged breast. Manly tears of ponitenco
mingled with that mother's tqar of joy, as
she kissod again and again tho brow of her
youngest born. Congratulations ,were
huapod upon him by brothers and sisters,
in words and accents of love, whilo Eliza
beth stood apart, pah and shrinking, unob
soryod by al save the whito-haired father,
who approached and whispered "God give
you strength, Elizabeth; let not temptation
overcome you.''- . She could not speak.but
a faint smflo told him he. was .understood.
Wm. turned from tho group that crowded
LANCASTER, OHIO, -.THURSDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 14, 1851
i - - - - -'
around him, and with Jove beaming eyes,
approached her, yot scarcely knowing how
to address her. A crimsoned flush burned
in either check, as she stepped forward si
lently nnd extended her hand. She could
not speak, words found no utterance. A
shade flitted over his face, hut ho gnntly
raised her hand to his lips, and turnod n
way.' Tho viands, so carefully piepared, wero
scarcely tasted savo by the juvenile por
tion, who did (hem ample justice, fueling
themselves privileged to obtain an extra
share on so important au occasion. W s
Elizabeth happy? She knew not that he
eamo with a pm'c heart, but that glorious
vision seemed to her a reality, and when
sho thought herself unnoticed, sho stole ft
way to hor roam and thanked God with joy
unutterable for tho great blessing.
Swiftly, too swiltly, tho hours sped, yet
it was lato whon they separated, and as the
hearty "good night" was repeated, each
ono full the influence of tho prayer of
praise, and thanksgiving had fallun like tho
dew of peace on their hearts.
JMizabcth was alone by the desortod
hearth, alone with the communion of her
own spirit.' bhc could hear naught but the
ticking of the clock and flic beating 01 her
heart, beating now that sho was alorw.and
unseen, wildly, as if eager to mark the
moments that wero bringing tho consump
tion of her fiestiny. ror houi-3, sho sa!
absorbed in deep meditation, by the dyinu
ombers.forgetful of sleep, forgetful orovery-
thing but him who had appeared bo lure her,
like one from the dead. She had seemed to live
a life-time in tho last, few short hours. The
past, that chequrod past, was it a delusive
dieam? tho present, tho dawn ofa new ex
istence ? nnd for a weal or woo : hho could
not tell; but 0, that vision was still beforo
her, with tho waters of peace gently How
ing at his feet, bhc raised her eyes, as a
littlo noise slartled her, and mot tho earn
est gazo of William. She sprang to hor
feet, as ho advanced towards her sayings
Cnn I sleep, while yon are ncath the
same roof, not knowing tho relation I am
to sustain to you, Elizabeth, dear Juhta
lie extended his nrms, ns if to recicvo
her to his bosom, but sho retreated from
him, and her face becamo palo as a lily
as sho replied
William, XVtlUam, U, tempt me not.
Shall I again unseal that fountain, which
has drowned mv verv soul for vcars. with
out knowing for whom I bid tho waters
Ho bowed his head for a few moments.
and when he raised his eyes to hers, sho
saw they wero moistenod with tears. .
'rorgivo me, Elizabeth, ho said, 'I am
unjust to you, to myself, even. You shall
know all; but can you, can you listen to
the recital, and not hate and despise the one
who has wantonly wasted tho affections of
your chaste heart despoiled you of hap
pincss, your rightful dower the dower of
youthful purity.' Liu it so, if it must. J.
will not murmur, it is well deserved. lJid
you think tho miserablo being, who left
you six years ago, could lall any lower
could becomo more abject.' Elizabeth,
and his voieo was choked with emotion.
tho watch-house, the j til and tho felon's
cell have all held mo tenant. No wondor
you shudder; but, God bo praised, the holy
influence of your pure spirit, though weak
and almost lost in the mists of sin, preserv
ed mo from those haunts of vice.from which
the confirmed inebriate rarely escapes, and
which extinguishes from his bosom the
ast humanizing spark, I was fallen, (iod
knows how low, but not wholly lost.
I was most miserable; awaking, after
nights of l'lot nnd debauch, to tho most tor
menting remorse, the most stinging agony.
Then again would I fly to the accursed
bowl, to find rellof.till my physical as woll
as moral energies were completely wreck-
ad. Then I lunged for death, though tho
darkness beyond was unutterable I ha
bituated myself to tho contemplation of
self-destruction, that it might loso its ter
rors; but nature over pload for lifo a little
One nijrht I woke from a terrible drertm
in which the gorroW-strickon faces of thdso
had dosorted, appeared to reproach and
mock mo. In a moment of desperation, I
sprung from my Wretched be'd.and sought
an instrument of death. - Unconscious of
what I did, I opened a littlo cabinet,which
with a strango incongruity of feeling, I had
faithfully, preserved amid all tho miserablo
concomitants ofa wretched lifo, but which
had over carefully avoided opening, and
plncedjmy hand on tho velvet covers of tho
Biblo that yoU Elizabeth, gavo me, years.
ago. U, liod! had,. a, stroke ot lightning
blasted meat that moment, tho shock would '
not have boon grtrttef, and I full on my
knees in terrible agony; yet the wish for
death was gouo: ' How long I remained so
know not, buU' seemed nn Age. - 1 rosa
up with, calmness not known for years, re
lit my lamp, and seating- myself, opened
tho precious book. ' v., ''
O, had you that moment nppenrod be
fore mo in all your maiden beauty .believe mo
my feelings could he no more intense, than
at tho sight of a soft, silken curl, from
your own fait brow, Elizabeth, which foil
into my hand. The waters of affection,
stagnated so long, wero stirred, and my eyes
overflowed with tears. Thon the years of
my existence passed in review beforo me,
and for the first time, I realised my uttor
worthlossness. ...Not ono singlo spot of
illumination could I see, all, all was
Tho thought rushed upon me with over
whelming twee, 'Is there. yet any hope
ior meY mid- a voice, seemed to rise from
tho sacred pago before me, Cast away
all ' your transgression vJiereby you have
transgressed; and make tou a new htart
and a new spirit, for vthyltfill yon die!'-
A 1 f L - W If.' I
ii aosirc ior u uewui. juu wua uuruing
in my heart and morning found mc carn-
stly searching the holy book. Ior a ut Days
months'tiassed and God gave me tho vic
tory, i. No one, but ho. who has had like
cxporiunco, can imagine tho horriblp suf
ferings the denial oi a arunkaru s craving
appetito produces. I would riot ' raise a
hope in your bosom, which I could not
cherish; but ndw thank " Ood my hope
and "trust is' in Him. , Two years have
passed sinco that priceless book taught me
to know myself, nnd I stand before yon,
sucing forgirum.Ks. Elizabeth I have told
you all my destiny is in your hands.'
Ho was silent. Sho lifted her bnwod
head, and her eyes wre filld with tvnni,
but a tniilo of ineffable sweotneiw played
around her lips, as she a Iranced toward
him. One moment and William Cai-leton
damped to his bosom the pure being whoso
love had been h'ts salvation.
When Elizabeth knelt with her hus
band in after years at the alter of worship
of their owncee:iontho beautiful truths
and promises, which had supported htr
wniio stemming inn surffing ninows ot
affliction, grow doubly priciyus now that
she could say, 'He leadcth in lesMe the
Henry akd 1114 Hau' Duu.au. Ucnry
was the son of an . Industries fermer in
V ' '. He w3 prompt and active at play
when ho could get recreation.
' One day, when ho was about thirteen,
he was at a mill in his father's neighbor
hood, and an old man, who lives a few
miles up the rivor, eamo to get a small
quantity on credit. The old man said his
aged wifo was sick, and wantsdalittle flour
to make her something she could eat; but
had no money to t)ay for it, nnd was ob
liged to ask credit for a few weeks.
Tho miller positively refused to lot him
havo tho flour, and tho poor man, dispirit
ed and sad, turnod toward his homo, no
knew not what t jdo disliked to go to his
neighborsand beg for bread; and ho feared
if he askod for credit he might mectVitli
tho samo repulso the miller had given him.
Young Henry heard all that passed be
tween the miller and tho old man; and ho
saw him leave the mill for his home, with
out flour to m.tko even a cake for his siek
wife. Ho saw his sorrowful face and tear
ful oyo, and the boy's heart was tjuchod.
As soon as the old man was gone, Henry
went to the miller, nnd begged him to send
the old man some flour; but he would not.
'Then,' said tho generous hearted boy,
'hero is half a dollar it is the only money
I have in tho world give mc its worth in
flour, nnd I will give it to that poor man's
Tho miller measured np tho .flour, and
Henry took it 011 his shoulder, and away
ho went. Ho got tired and sat down and
rested, and then he arose and pushed on,
panting and tugging along with his load.
At last ho reached the poor man's cabin
upon the bank of the mill creek, just as tho
old man got home and told his tale to his
sick wife. He was sitting in tho cornor
in great dejection of spirits; but sho, with?
humble confidence in God, had just said,
'Tho Lord will provide.' She did not
murmur or complain, but told her husband
to be oi good courage, and not despond
Just at that moment Henry entered with
his bag of flour and gave it to the old man.
The sick woman blessed him and prayed
for him; the old man wa3 too full to say a
word, but shed tears of gratitude on tho re
cepiion of the unexpected favor from tho
hands of his young bcni l ictor,
Henry grew up to bo a man. The Lord
prospered him iu business. . He became
wealthy, but ho never forgot tho poor.
He was always liberal in his donations for
benevolent purposes ;but I havo often heard
him say, thai tho b.u? of Hour which h
gavo to tho poor sick woman when a boy,
purchased with the only piece of money ho
ha 1 in the world, afforded him nioro real
pleasure than any act of his life. This was
a noble, generous deed. It argued well
tor tho man, and ho turned out to be all
that such an act, at so early an age, indi
cated that he would bo. IIo was unselfish,
kind-hoartcd, and full of charitable deeds.
: ' System- and Order.
Tho lifo of Dr. Noah Webster nffdrds a
striking illustration of the value of system.
When a young man ho conceived the idea
of producing a new dictionary of tho En
glish language. ' Having doterniined to
make this tho groat business of his life, hd
sot about preparing himself for it, by an
extensivo course of study. Year after year
ho laborod on ir. patient obscurity, explor
ing the fields of literature and science, and
gathering and arranging tho materials for
his great .work- Everything ho read or
sludiod or accomplished, had a bearing on
the great object of his life, and this was the
grand secret of his success. ' "Method,"
says his .biographor, was tho presiding
principle Of his life.
Iho love of order and system ottcn man
ifests itself at an early ago, and is a praise
worthy and enviable habit even at that po
riod of lifo. Tho boy who studios and
works by mothod, " will accomplish much
more, by the samo means, than another boy
of similar capacity, who acts on tho "hel
ter-skelter' principle- Ho knows what ho
has to do, and ho docs it. - Ho does hot
bogiri twenty different things, and leave
them all UnfinithoJ. "Ono thing at a time.
and a time for everything," is his mottor.
If ho has a lesson to Jenrn, he does not
neglect it unti tho hour of recitation has al
most arrived. Ho has a season , for play
asd another fot ' work, And does not allow
tho one to interfere with the other... lou
think he has A strango knack of doing
things easily i And wonder if he has not a
stronger mind aild body than other boys.
But his secret is, order add system. ' Those
habits aro'his "labor-saying machinery,"
which enable him to accomplish more
work than' his follows,, iu better, manner
And iii lees time. . ' V '
A very rich man, who had been quito
poor when-a boy, was asksdhoWhe Ac
quired his wealth:. Ho , replied that his
father mado him form the habit early in
life, of doing everything in ita time; aud it'
was to.this habit that ho owed his success.
IFetf Spring, , . -.- .. '. i:.,
. fi. i-v" 1 . ,. .. . . : o
, 0, sin, how you paint your facet how
yod flatter us poor mortals,. unto death! ,
You never appear to tho" sinner in your
trdo character; you mnkofair promises hut
you richer fulfill 6hc;yeur torfgno is smobth-
6r thafioil,'bnt the pVnson 'of asps is under
your lips'. ' ' - ' ':' " t; '' ' '
- y v. . '.?;; . i j-n i.i
'Mother,' said a littlo hoy looking t his
parent making bread; Is it you they call a
loaforl' 'Sally, take this boy out with you,
and bring mo somo chips.? ; : - I '. : 1
Our World What Corn - IU
Owing to the indefatigable investigations
of the analytical clwoiisU, sad to their zeal
in the cause of science, there is scarcely a
substance in the world that has notpasnud
tltrough the ordeal of - tlicir crucibles aniJ
lest tubes, rrorn them we learn that our
worU is ma le up of but comparatively few
substances, so few, indeed, tlutt we are
struck with' all wondvr and a.stnni Anient,
when we consider the innumerable variety
of form and character info wliiou those ef-
ements sro capable of be'ir.
have all tho auimatu and in
tion, the plants, the animals: we have the
rolls, the earth, the air, and wa'er, in their
cndjjss variety; and yot ll.o substances uf
wuicU tlsey are composed do not exceed
itixty. On closer examination our woadcr
increases, as we learn that of these elements
no less than forty-six are metals, iu the or
dinary sense of the word; five are gaseous
bodies like tike air which, iiideod, con
sists of two gases out of these' five; andtW
remainder artriubstancos of an intermedi
ate character, of which sulphur and char
coal are the types. Tlvereforo everthing
that wo can see or touch perlaiuing . to our
world is composed of ono, two, or more of
those elements. , We know of no ono sob
stance tliat contains more titan six of these
elements;, and in s general Way there are
rareiy moro than two or three uicnJcd to
gether to produce one reault. Thus, the
whole of nn ugg is made of six clemenU: u
flint stone of only two; a piecoof wood con
sists of three elements.. These throe mate
rials a to tlio types of the portions of the
world to wbiuh they belong.. Though one
stone differs from another stone, aud one
wood ; from. anoUier wood, and one flush
from another flesh, yot their composition is
similar and of nearly tire same element. It
is tho nature, quality, - and property of
these several elements that constitute the
study of chemistry not medicine, for that
is but a mere branch of chemistry the
composition of all things. By analogy,
tho analytical chemist can state with cer
tainty tho . principal qualities and compo
sition of everything placed in his hands,
what use to make of it, and how it is to bo
applied for the welfare and benefit of his
fcllowman. Court Journal. . ;. , .,
A correspondent of the Preston (Eng
land) Chronicle gives tho following nec
dote: A good while ago a boy named Charlie
had a large dog which was very fond of
the water, and in hot weather he used to
swim across tho river, near which tho boy
lived. One day the thought strnck him
that it would be fine fun to make the dog
carry him across the river, so ha tied
string to the dog's collar, and ran down
with him to the water's edge,' where he
took off all his clothes; and then, holding
hard by the dog's neck and the bit of string.
he went into the water, and the dog pulled
him across Afivr playing about on the
other sido for somo time, they returned in
tho way they had come; but when Charlie
looked for his clothes, he could find noth
ing but his shoes! The wind had blown
all the rest into the water. ' The dog saw
What had happened, and making his little
master let go the siring, by making believe
to bite him, he dashed into tho river, and
brought out first his coat, and then all the
rest in succession. Charlie dressed, and
went home in his wet clothes, and told his
mother what fun he and the dog had had.
llis mother told him that he did very
wrong in going across the river as he had
done, and that ho should thank God for
making the dog take h'rm overand backa-
gain safely; for if the dog had made him let
go in the river bo would most likely have
sunk, and been erowned. Little Charlie
aid, "Shall I thank God now, mamma?"
and ho kneeled down at his mother's knee
and thanked God; thenjgjfotting up again,
le threw his arm nroflrid his dog s neck,
snying, "I thank you too, dear doggie, for
not lotting go." Little Charlio is now Ad
miral Sir Charles Napier.
aft9"'fhy necessity is greater thau
mine." This saying of : the gallant Sir
I'hilip bydney, on tho field of Zutphen,
when mortally wounded and faint with the
loss of blood, 10 tho poof soldier who he
was carried by, taking the ' untasted enp
from his own lips and presenting it to him,
has often been cited at as nn act of great
magnanimity end suBh undoubtedly it
was. A parallel instance may be fonnd iu
one of the victims of the late railroad dis'
aster in Canada, as relitted by Mr. Mcagh
er, who was an eyo-witriess of that awful
wreck of humanity.' A brakeman, by the
name Of John Martin, was forcibly driver) badly saved as that which is saved by get
in from his post at tho tilde" of this concus- tog through a book in a hurry. For if to
sion. On procuring a lamp, it was found 11,0 t,nw you havo ffivcn von ,iu,
that he had both thighs and arms broken. I
the latter above his elbows his head also !
appeared to have been 'dreadfully brni'ed.
Unoii L'Oini' to him w in I hr mi,rninf
broke, and offering to removo him to conv!
fortahlo situation, he answered. "Never 1
mind mo help thoso who aro living, for ' porfioial readers that the bost way of rcad
I am done for." Somewhat later, upon ! "i hooks with rapidity is to acquiro that
bringing him a drink of water, ho asked j
Meagher to turn him on Ins side a little
moro, so ho might die quietly.- "Never
mind ' me help thoso who ure living." !
Crffj tho most callous read this without e-
moliont even amid tho cold-blooded selfish
ness that so abounds? Such instances el-
evato us In the scale of creation, and should
not pass Unnoticed.1 They show there is
some portion of God's image left in his
creaiuros--in,a world where yet "Man
inhumanity to man makos countless thou
sands mourn." That. same John Martin's
family, if so unfortunate us to havo left
any, should riot br forgotten among1 other
sufferers..! 1 Timet. r -.j .-;'
JMTAn Irishman who Wnt Very ftcar
sighted , "about to' ; fight a duel, insisted that
he should stand six pace's nearer to his an
tagonist than tho 'other did to. him, and
they wore to fire at the same time. This
beats Sheridan's telling of a fat - man; who
was going to tight a thin 0110", that the Wt
ter's slim figure ought to bo chalked on the
other' portlyperson, and if the bullet hit
him Outside the" chalk line, it was to go for
nothing. i.- u
utjIPUrt wy;, j r -r-r Tsip
Tall A Iks lM' por SSIM,
That kit tins Is sosrsa n4 Istra,
Tvll m luA tiM Sail; filtUIKS
Is a wortinaA's sri,ty faro; .
T.ill wia swt his birth is hs)w',ls.
That his parental; Is lov;
fs hwiH is SNnotKHtsf
Thatlaall I wiual to ."-.
I- bis wrtr l to ti K il. J 01,?
Has Ms ik.Ara.l4ir bUma?
THmsi I or smh H lav SKtnt
Thau I aar wb-Jliee k sssu)
W'iilrfbe frousaft aiijuai srt'oa .
Turn away sritb scornful ej??
Would aa, (ban defraad anvtbar,
' Sooaur aa tca&ol i diet
Wulfl ha jpcats bis bsril-friaa.nl csrolugt
' On a hrrtbor in 4iHresa;
WouM k suat.w Ike amwlad, .
Awl lh vaak tag's wrana, relrsf
Tlwa be la saaa djauninf;
Of ujr Ivto ant) any o Hoc mi,
And I can aot what hi birth ,lac
la lb vjo of bu may a?m.
I- t i b a low Uu.tchi-d hosV-l
Lt it b a tlajr ballt aot
Lot it be s parish work bnaso
- la taf ayes It m.iUsrs :
And if othora will disown bins,
At inferior, to Oiir eaato.
Lot them do It I hafriood bias,
as brvlhsr, t tb last.
Vices of GoMipiue aa4 Hnieamm.
Tho hnbil of troesiping, is a habit that do
grades alike the intellect L the heart. Tho
soulof gitstip in a conteuav.ible vanity that
imagines itself, or at lca would have oth
ers imagine it, superior to all that it finds of
evil and absurd ity in the character of those
whom it passes in review. A very little
observation will serve to show anyone
that every body see his neighbor' faults,
while very few opcu tlifir eyes upon their
owni aadth.it not infrequently a person
Condemns with tlw utmost velienience iu
others precisely tho ame follies and vices
in which he himself habitually indulges.
Those who study theirown characters with
most care; and who best understand them
selves, are apt to say least of the charac
ters of tlwiir neighbors; they find too much
to do within themselves in curing their
own defeets, to have time or inclination to
sit in judgment upon the defects of others.
. It is impossible to iudulue habitually in
this vice without weakening the powers of
uto iiiiuiiect. 1 he heart never suffers
, r . , , m
ionc irom me inauigonce 01 any wrong pas
sions. . lite intellect and the affections ev
er sink as well as rise togctherr Where
the love of gossip , becomes a conGrmo'd
Phabit, tho mind loses its power of accurate
ly appreciating the value of cliaracter of
aistinguisuing iruiy oeiween tuegood and
oau. 1110 power t discrimination is
weakened and impared, so that no confi
dence can be placed in the opinions of the
mind in relation to character or . life. In
addition to this, we must bear in mind that
all the mental power we bestow in criticis
ingand ridiculing our ieUow-bemgsisjust
so much taken irom our mental strength,
which we might hare applied to somo use
ful, intellectual exercise. The strenoih of
the mind is no more indefinite than that
of the body. "We have but a certain lim
ited amount; and all that we apply to idlb
or bad purposes is just so much abstracted
from the good aad the useful..
Sarcasm is a weapon we are almost sure
to find constantly used by the gosrip; and
whether it be shown in the coarse ridicule
of the vulgar, or the keen satire of the re
fined, it springs ever from the same source,
nnd is directed to the same end; as surely
as the clumsy war-club of savage lands
was invented from the samo impulse and
wrought with the same intetUis the grace
ful blade of Damascus. ycel ' Tan"
itj', its end to mako8irT great by
making others seiaMittl!jr It is a weapon
that, however skillfully f"fcl. always
cuts both ways, woundingTar more deeply
the hand that grasps it than the victim it
strikes. Of alj the powers of wit, sarcas:
.a.-w w wa .)aa,w av IIUIIIIIIq VUilu
than ridicule; nothing requiring a wealiL
head, or a colder heart.
is the lowest. Ihero is nothins eas
" The sincere lover of trnth will never be
(bund habitually indulging cithor in gossip
or sarcasm; forhose who arc addicted to
those vices never tell a story simply rts they
heard it, never relate a fact simply as it
happened. A little is added hero or left
out there to give the story a more enter
taining turn or the satire a keener point.
As the habit grows stronger, invention be
comes moro ready and copious, till at
length truth is covered up and lost nndcr
nn accumulation of fiction.
flood Advice to Readers. .
- If you measure the value of study by the
insight you got into subjects, not by the
poworofsayingyou have read many books,
you will soon pereeivt-Jthat no time is so
mote, tho subject would have beerii fixed
on your mind, and the wholo timo profita
hly employed; whereas, upon your pres-
eni arranircnicut, uecmso you wuum 1101
X' 1,t,le morc you lmT0 Io8t 1L
wdos, this if overlooked by. rapid and su-
habit df severe attention to what they Con
tain, that perpetually oonGuca the mind to
tho single object it 1 has ia . viow. When
you have read enough' to have acquired
tho habit of roading without suffering your
mind to wander, and when yod cab bring
to boar upon your subject agroat sharo of
previous knowledge, yent may then read
with a rapidity; before that, as you" have
j taken the wrong road, the faster you pro
ceed, tho pioro you wui do pure 10 orr.
f'Why don't yod wheel the barrel or
coals. Ned?" quoth a learned vender of
Mack diamonds to his man. "It Is not a
very hard job there is an inclined plane to
relieve you.". "! ' ' r ' ' ' J '
"Aye, master," replied Ned,- who had
moro relish for wit than work, "the plune
may be inclined, btit hang me if I am "
. Ndt lohg since an Eastern man, whilo on
hi way to Boston, wa stopped by a rob
ber, and requested to hand over hts money,
or have his brains blown , out. 'O, said
the traveler, quietly,- blow awayl , It's
better to go to Boston without brains than
without money." V v ,','.. ,;'! . V,
WHOLE NO 1524
.1 .... - iw -ii niniiiHiCTiiJjUiiiJ
Ilomn ns4 Women.
Our homes what are their corner-stones
but the virtue of women, and on whAI does)
social wvll-bing rost. but on our homes?
Must we not tra e all other blessings of
civilized lifo to the doors of out private
dwellings? Arc not our hearth-stones
guarded by holy forms of conjugal, filial;
and parental lovo, the corner-stones of
Church and Slate more sacred than ei
ther, moro necessary than both? Let our
temples crumble, lot our public edifices snd
our halls of justice be leveled with the dust;
out spare our homes! Uil ho Socialist in
vade them with his wild plans of commu
nity. Man did not invent, snd he cahhot
miii.i.ri. . tr uK.Aff.if. i1...m A ! . i t
.u.viqvi uiv-.ntuwiij. j private snei
I tor to cover in two hearts dearer to each
other than all the world; high walls to ex
elude tho prof 1 no eyes of ovory hlitftah pc
ing; seclusion enough for vhildrea to M
that mother is a holy an J" peculiar name
this is home; and here is the birth-place' of
every secret thought. Here tho Church
"and State must come for thoir origin and,
support. Oh! spare our homes! The love
we experience there giVcs lis bur faith iii
an infinite goodness; the purity of disinter
estedness of home is our foretaste and oui1
ariK-slef a better world. In relations'
J thero established nnd fostered, do we Cod
through hie the chief solace tsnd joy of ex
istence. What friends deserve the name,
compared with thos whom a birthright
gi ves us? One mother is worth a thousand
friends; one sister truer than twenty inti
mate companions. We who have ployed
on tho f iirne hearth, under tho light of the
same smile, who date back to the same
scene and season of irriocence and hopc.in
whoe veins runs the same blood, do wd
notrind that rears onlv make more sacred
and more important tho tie that hinds?
OoMne may spring up; distance sepa.
ra'e; different spheres may divide ;but thoso
who can love anything, who continue to
love at all, rriilst find tnat the friends whom
God himulf give are wholly unlike any
we can choose for ourselves, and that the
yearning for these is the strong spark in
our expiring afiectioui
Why don't lie d lit
When the Farmer I-boid. that a gate is
better, and as a time and -labor saving fix
ture, cheaper than a set Of bars and posts
and without calling on a carpenter he cart
himself make one. Why don't he do it?
When he has no other fastenings to his
gates and barn doors than a stone rolled a
grtinst them and in a single evening after
supper is able to make a better one. Why
don't lie do it?
Or when he sees the bdards drdpping
from his barns and out buildings, and like
heaps of rubbish lying in piles about his1
premises and need only nailing on again)
Why don't he do it
Or if he is afraid of the expense of nails'
and is always crying rrp the maxim of Dri
Franklin.to "save the pence and the pounds
will takocare of tbemselVcs,"ahd hetnbws
that the same Dr. Franklin also said that
"many men are penny wise and pound
foolish, ' and he is nof careful to think of
the ttrecept contained in the latter. JFW
flfeit lie do U?
If it is savin:? df nearly half the manure
of a farmer's stock by keeping them shut
: . i . 1 . .
up iu yarus, instenu oi r Jnning ai large
through most of tho wint jr. Why don't hi
If he knows that rrimyof his fields would'
be greatly improved by ditching, and by
the removal of large stumps and stones;
Why don't he do it?
And when bo knows that his pastures
would yield nearly doublo the feed, and of
a better qualitV, if the bashes were all cut
and subdued, Whydon'thedoit?
And if he can add fifty per cent lb the
product df his clover-field; arid evert
is pastures, by the use of grpsmri, Why1
Vl Le do it?
y farroerof fifty screshas(a he should
iiv 086 r orn-shelief ihi one
pfl imany improved fanning mills, and
he fs ridt already obtained both, Vhydon'i
And if it is choriiici', actually cheaper td
burn dry wood than green, and to use a
stove instead of art open fireplace. Why"
don't he do it ' .
Miner. The first schttnee of death thd
young sovereign, Quech Victoria; was re
quired to sign, was that of it sbldier con
demned to death for desertkfri. The Queen
read it and asked the minister who brought
It to her: . 'Have you nothing td say iii be-,
half of this man?' 'Nothing,' was the re
ply; he lids deserted three times, but said
tho veteran who relates the anecdote1, see
ing her Majesty's nnxioty.I added, though
ho is a very bad soldier, some witnessed
spoke of his' character, aild, for -aught I
know'lo the contrary he miy be a good man.
Oh! thank you for tiiat a thoiisattd tlmes
exclaimed tho Queen, and hastily writing
'Pardoned' on tl" pnper she put it across !
tho table, with her fair hand trembling with
jaSejfiShiiess is poverty; it is tbe'mc-'s.
itttcr destitution bf a human being. It Can
bring nothing (0 his relief; it adds soreness:
td his sorrows; it sharpens his pains; it
aggravates all the lusres he is liable to en-"
dure, and when goaded to extreme; often
turn's destroyer and strikes ita Just blow on
himself. It gives as nothing to rest iu or
fly to In trouble; ll tui fas our affection oh
ourselves, self on self, as the sap on a tree
descending nut of season from its heaven -word
branches, and making not only its
lifo useless, but its growth downward.
Herman Hooker. ;
. j m j
fST&x things aro requisite, says Ilam -.
ilton, to create a happy home. Integrity .
mdst bo the architrjet, and tidiness the up-,
holstere'r.,.. It must be .wormed by nffee
lion, aud industry must bo the Ventilator,
renewing the atfnosptiera and bringing
fresh salubrity day by day; while, overall,'
as a protecting., canopy and glory nothing
will suffice except, the. blessings of God.; -
, '."A "griod word is an easy otligition; bi i
riot to speak ill, ronulres only our silanoc.
Which costs as nothing. Tillotson., ; i
., To the generous mind, the heaviest debt
is Chat pf gTatitndo wheo it is not i ur "
power to repay it., , .' , , : f t ;