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title: 'The Democratic banner. (Mt. Vernon, Ohio) 1898-192?, April 20, 1917, Image 1',
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MT. VERNON, OHIO, FRIDAY, APRIL 20, 1917 No. 32
Great French Offensive Continues
17,000 mounded Oerman
Taken In Three
London, April 19. Tho French war
office announces that the gTeat offen
sive of the French amy against the
Germans from tho bend in tho line In
Franco from Solssow. eastward Into
the Champagne continues unabated.
New points of vantage have been
taken, prlBoners and guns captured
and violent counter attacks put down
with heavy casualties. In three days
of fighting more than 17,000 unwound
ed prisoners have fallen Into the
hands of tho French, together with
75 cannon, Paris reports.
In the battle in tho forest of Vlllc-au-Bolhon,
an enveloping movement
was carried out against tho Germans
and 1,300 cf them throw down their
arms and surrendered. In addition
180 machine guns wee captured.
Between Soissons and Rhoims. the
villages of Ostel and Braye-en-Lcon-nols
were captured, together with ter
ritory about them, the Germans In the
latter region retreating In disorder
and losing to ono French regiment
alone 300 prisoners, belonging to sev
en different regiments. In their fligh
the Germans left behind much war
material. Here the French captured
Fremont, O., April 19. Judge John
Garver, common pleas court, excused
all farmer members from the April
term of Jury that they might look
after their farm work. A special
venire was ordered to fill the vacan
cies. Columbus, April 19. Posing as a
federal secret service agent and a
plain clothos officer, Patrick Galnor,
fifty-five, Coshocton constable, caused
considerable anxiety on tho part of
women residents of tho Franklin park
section during the week. An end to
his operations came whon ,he was ar
rested on a charge of lunacy.
RUSSIA WILL NOT YIELD
FOR SEPARATE PEACE
"Washington, April 19. Assurances
reached Washington that under no
conditions that are now conceivable
will the provisional government of
Russia yield to the overtures from
German and Austrian Socialistic rep
resentatives to negotiate a separate
peace. The entente embassies, with
this assurance before them, frankly
confessed the great sense of relief
they felt from the apprehension, un
Between Juvincourt and tho Alsno
the Germans threw a counter attack
nsainst the French line with about
40,000 men, but, according to Paris,
the artillery of General Nlvelle's men
roptilsed the attack with sanguinary
South of St. Quentin the Germans
alo made nn attack against tho
Trench east of Gauchy. Tnis attack,
which failed, -was followed by another
in which the Germans penetrated ad
vanced French positions. In a counter
nttnrk tho French killed or made pris
oner of the Germans nnrt regained
t.ndr lost trenches.
The British war office reports that
the forces of Field Marshal Haighnve
ca lied ndditional ground along the
River Scarpe to the cast of Fampoux.
and also captured tho village of
Villers-Gaislain, north of St Qtiontln
To the north, in tnc legion of Loos, a
"vrteni of German front linn trenches
alsp was taken. '
Northwest of Bralla on the Danube
river in Roumania, the Germans de
iiveied a violent attack against tho
Hessians, but were repulsed, says the
I'ctrograd war office. The towns of
Bralla and Fokshani are reported to
have been burned by tho Germans
Onlv minor engagements have taken
place In Russia and Galicia.
Berlin reports tho tapture from tho
French In Macedonia of a position ex
tending over two-thirds of a mile
along the Cyrena Stena.
RETURNS FAVOR DRYS
More Than 140 Saloons Voted Out In
Elections In Illinois.
Chicago, April 19. Figures com
plied by tho Anti-Saloon leasue show
that 142 saloons were voted out of
business In elections Tuesday In var
ious cities and towns of Illinois. The
"dis" won in fourteen "wet" cities
and towns, but lost three dry towns.
Tho liquor forces retained twelve wet
towns besides winning the only three
drv towns where the local option elec
tions wore held. The largest city to
enter the dry column was Danville, of
30,000 Inhabitants, where bixty-elght
saloons will close May 1.
Madrid, April 19. The Spanish
steamship Tom, 2,413 tons, has been
punk by a German submarine with
(he loss of eighteen lives. Advices re
ceived said tho Tom was not warned.
der which they have labored for the
last two weeks, that the extreme So
cialistic elements have so far dom
inated the provisional government
through soldiers anu worklngmen's
committees as seriously to Jeopardize
tho integrity of the entente alliance.
The gathering of Socialists at StocK
holm, known to bo fomented by Gel
mans and Austrlans, was looked upon
with dread and susulclou.
Paris, April 19 Twelve new divisions, thrown last
night by the Germans against the French between Sois
sons and Anbcrive, failed to halt the successful offensive
of the .French. Two more batteries of German artillery
were captured by the French.
BERLIN DENIES U-BOAT ATTACK
Washington, April 19 Berlin has officially denied
that a German submarine attacked the United States ves
sel Smith off the Long Island coast Tucsdaj7-.
BRIDGE GUARD MORTALLY WOUNDED
Trenton, X. J., April 19 A shot from ambush mor
tally wounded Robert Price, private in Co. B, Second P.gt.,
while he was guarding a railroad bridge last night.
BRAZILIAN GERMANS REVOLT
Bueno, Aires, April 19 A portion of the German pop
ulation in Brazil is in a state of revolt. Dispatches today
from jIontvidco assert that the Teutons arc well-armed
and well supplied with food.
MORE HOSPITAL SHIPS SUNK
London, April 19 The sinking of additional allied
hospital ships by German submarines was announced this
afternoon in the House of Commons by Chancellor Bouar
Law. The details will be made public" later.
SENATE FAVORS NAVY BILL
Washington, April 19 The senate committee has ap
proved the bill which raises the enlistment strength of the
United States navy to 150,000 men.
VANDALS ENTER COMMITTEE ROOM
Washington, April 19 Vandals, whose identity is as
yet unknown, broke into the senate military affairs com
mittee room. They were not able to secure anything of
FRENCH THREATENING LAON
Xow York, April 19 The French army is within five
miles of the German stronghold, Laon, according to dis
patches here today. Laon is in the center of a rich coal district.
The New Jersey water front is placed under martial
German steamship lines are told to clear their ware
houses. Four German U-boats are reported lurking in Ameri
Senate committee votes to give President Wilson ab
solute authority over exports.
FIRE AT TOLEDO BALL PARK
Toledo, April 19 Fire, early this morning, in the
locker rooms of the base ball field destroyed the uniforms
of the Indianapolis and Toledo teams. The damage to the
building and its contents amounts to about $1,000.
KNOX AMONG cIlES
NAMED FOR CORN INCREASE
Washington, April 19. In en urg
ent appeal to farmers to increase corn
production In "proved com growing
regions" the department of agricul
ture nnmes the following Ohio coun
ties as marking the areas in which
eltorts to increase tho production of
corn should bo most successful:
Franklin Darke. Wood, Madison.
Pickaway, Clinton, Fayotte Green,
Putnam, Ross. Uutlor, Champagnt.
Clarke, Hancock, Henry, Highland,
Mercer, Miami, I'auldlng, I'robie. Van
Wert Auglnizo. Fclrfield. Hardin,
Mcklng, l.ogan, Marion, Montgomery.
Seneca. Shelby, Union, Warren
Adams, Aliens, Brown, Clermont, Del
aware, Fulton. Sandusky, Wyandot,
Crawford, Defiance, Huron, Knos-,
Richland, Stark, Wayne and Williams.
Lewis and Griffith to Meet.
Columbus, April 19. Ted Lewis,
welterweight champion of England,
and Johnny Griffith Qf Akron, 0.. will
box twelve rounds at 142 pounds at
j the Columbus Coliseum on the night
' of April 30.
Luck followi the hopeful; III luck, the
tearful -German Proverb.
House Military Committee
The Army Bill
President Will Insist That The House
Reverse Committee's Action
Washington, April 19. The nous
military affairs committee adopted by
a vote of 12 to 8 a subcommittee re
port authorizing the president to is
sue a call for 500,000 volunteers and
providing that at a future date he
may resort to selective draft.
The resolution as it was adopted
was in plain defiance of the presi
dent's wishes and to the advise of
the general staff of the army, both of '
which desire to eliminate the volun i
The eight members of the commit
tee who voted against the adoption ol j
the resolution are determined to brlmr
In a minority report, dissenting from '
the committee's action and force a
fight on the entire Issue vhen Uie bill j
reaches the floor.
Representative Davidson, new Re-'
publican member of the committee ,
from Wisconsin, voted with tho major
ity In favor of the report.
The committee also tacked an
amendment ou to the army bill chang
ing the ages of service so as to elim- j
nate those under 21 years of age in
either the volunteer or the drafted
forces of the United States. The gen-i
eral staff bill provided for the selected '
drafting of those between the ages of
39 and 23 at first. By an amendment
tho bill now provides that either the
volunteer or drafted armies must con
tain men between the ages of 21 and
40 Inclusive. It bars from service I
out lis not of ago. The amendment'
leaves to the war department the j
classification of tho men after they i
are in the service.
The action of the house committee
greatly displeased the president. It
was made known that he will Insist i
that the house itself reverse the ao
tion of its committee and pass the bill
which the brains of the army say Is
necessary if tills nation is to be a
real factor in the war.
The Senate Bill.
The president wab told by Senator
McKellar that there will be stiong op
position to the bill in the senate oe
spite the assurance given by Chair
man Chamberlain of the military af
fairs committee that the bill Is cer
Boston April 19. A modern Paul
Revere, James H. Phelan, opened tho
official celebration of Patriots' day
today by starting from North Square
and following tho routo of the horseman-herald
of 142 years ago. Revere
rode at night, but Phelan made his
start this morning. On this day, iu
1775, Revere made his famous trip.
Wearing Continental costume, Phe
lan rodo through Charlestown and
was received by officials at Paul Re
vere Square, Wlnted Hill, by Mayor
Cliff of Somervllle.
Mayor Haines extended a welcome
at Medford. and the roadway from
that point to Arlington wus lined with
boy scouts, high school cadets, Sons
of Veterans, members of the G. A. R
Women's Relief Corps and Spanish
The rider reached Arlington Cen
tre nt noon and a group of Sons of
Veterans, in the dress of farraeis,
halted and demanded to know the
reason for his haste. He reached Lex
ington at 12;45.
Miss Paulino Revere, great-groat-grand-daughter
of Paul Revere, last
iSMG- Baurrc m y rosin e n
tain of a majority In the upper houso.
The army bill as reported by the
committee to the senate authorizes
the -resident to raise by draft the
necessary number of men to fill the
regular army and the national guard
to war strength and to create an addi
tional force of 500,000 enlisted men.
"Such draft," the bill provides, "shall
be based upon liability to military
service of all male citizens, or all
male persons who hav e declared their
Intention to become citizens, bctweeD
the ages of 19 and 25 years."
Authority for exemption of govern
ment employes, pilots, mariners, per
sons engaged In agriculture or indus
tries necessary to the conduct of the
war, those having dependents, those
morally and physically . deficient,
members of religious sects opposed
to war or military service, is con
tained in the measure.
Ohio members of congress started
forms of referendums to ascertain
sentiment in their districts in regard
to conscription. In an identical tele
gram sent to thirty-four editors In hia
district. Representative W. A. Ash
brook" sajs: "It is proposed to raise
an army of 1,000,000 men or more to
serve during the war. Do jou favor
straight conscription or do you favor
first giving reasonable opportunity for
volunteers?" Representative Welty
tent similar telegrams to fifty news
papers in his district.
The president made very plain to
those with whom he talked his deter
mination to have the staff bill enact
ed. There seems no doubt that he will
appeal directly to the country If nec
essary and tell the people that, in tho
opinion of the military advisers if
the government, as well as adminis
tration officials, national safety de
mands that the army be provided un
der the plans prepaied by the army
experts after long study and consid
eration of lessons learned from the
war In Europe.
No Need For a Lej.c'ir.
The society reporters always speak
of n bride being "led to the altar." Just
as though a bride couldn't tied her own
way there blindfolded. -crtjvv
night carried the two lighted lanterns
through Old North Church and
mounted the belfry, hanging them as
they were hung on that histoiic oc
casion on April 18. 1775.
Napoleon, O., April 10. The pris
oner who was killed with Sheriff
Reichert and Deputy Sheriff Maglll in
an automobile-train crash heie last
week, was identified as George Nich
olas, a teamster of Maumeo. Checks,
amounting to $150, found In Relchert's
pockets, led to the identification by
the prisoner's sister, Mrs. Mollis Hix
on of Monticello. Ind.
High Cost o! Coal Due to Gar
Shortage, They Say.
TESTIFY AT FEDERAL HEARING
Charge That the Railroads Diverted
Open Cars From the Coal Carrying".
Trade to the Transportation of
Other Commodities For Which.
Operators Clslm, Higher Rates
Washington, April 19. Before tho
federal trade commission, which Is in
vestigating high coal prices, leading:
operators blamed lack of transporta
tion facilities for the advanced price?
of bituminous coal.
Several complained against the aU
leged practice of ths railroads of di
verting open cars from the coal car
rjlng trade to the transportation of
commodities, lor which they claimed,
higher rates were obtained.
T. E. Lewis, president of the Island
Creek Coal company, based a plea to
the commlrslon to take steps to rem
edy the shortage on the needs of na
tional defense. He suggested a prefer
ential car supply for tho transporta
tion of necessities, and asked curtail
ment of the supply for carrying arti
cles not needed for the nation's ex
istence The commission Is investigating'
the entire bituminous coal industry
to determine whether there Is con
certed action to keep the prices at
their present high level.
I W Dawson, a West Virginia oper
ator: Thomas G. Maher of Cleveland,
Robert II Gross, president of tbe
New River company and several oth
er operators all contended that with,
plenty of care available tho law of
supply and demand automatically
would result In a drop In the price.
Mr Dawson said a chart, coveriagr
prices and car shortage from Juno.
1016 to January, 1917. showed that
the price hod gone up the same ratio
as the supply of cars for coal carry
ing purposes had decreaspd. As a re
sult of the car shortage, he said,
mines pven now are operating on an
averase of three days a week. Con
sequently, miners are entering other
industries, where wages are more reg
ular. He declared the shortage wait
due to no actual lack of cars, but to
the failure of the railroads to distri
bute and supply them.
Mr. Maher said that cars formerly
used to rarry co.1 had been diverted
to the automobile and steel indus
tries Mr. Gross said high prices wou'd go
llown automatically if the mines were
able to. operate at full capacity. He
said the coal operators had been do-.
lng business at a great loss for many
years, but that he saw a time coming
when the business might bo place!
on what he called a "normal basis.""
C. P. White, secretary of the asso
ciation of coal operators in eastern
Ohio, said tho mines could supply 40
rer cent more ccal if they could havg
the means of shipping it. He said 33
per cent of the soft coal mined In his
district went to the railroads at a.
price fixed bv them. , ,
LIVE STOCK AND GRAIN'
EAST BUFFALO, April 1!T
Cnttle Plilprlnir strcrs $1 KIWIS 25:
butrhr stf rs. fv"51t 75 lielfi rs $7fU;
cows $3 T5f;10- hull", 'BQIO; fiesh cows
ami sirlnreis f "0ff 113- calvc. $5$?1(
Unas -Heavy. $16 23fl0 40- mixed.
SIC 20jn6 40; Yorker-. J16f?16 15- light
Yorkers, $14 2o(R15 75 pleK, J12ri4:
roughs, $14 23fil4 50; stags. Jit 50012 50.
i JlOiRlfi 65
Sheep fnrt Uambs Yenllngs 9 50jJ
12 25; wethers, $1J 7G&12; eweg. $5 tOff
1 50; mKeil sheep. ,U 50011 j5; l;rmbs.
Receipts Cattle, 200; hogs, 1,200; alieep
and l.imln, 1,400; calves, F0O.
CHICAGO, April 1.
Cattle Natlvo beef steers, J9l! 15;
stockers and feeders, 57 259. S0J cotm
and heifers. ?5 60f&10 85; cahea, JS 9
Hoss Light. J15 20lfi 05? mixed.
J1E 50016 25; heavy, ., J1& 6016 SO:
roughs, $14 r0fol5 70; pigs, JU 25014 SO.
Sheep and U'imhs Wetheis. 10 601
12 75, lambs, Sll 90015 CO. f
Receipts Cattle, 17.000; bogs. M,00r -sheep
and lambs. 21,000. A
Cattle Choice fat steers, Jll.i5 12 23;
butcher steers. $10 25U 251 heifers,
10 50; buUs, S10; cows, . J69 50;
cahes, 12 C0iT13.
Hogs Yorkers, fl5 50; heales and me
diums, SIC; PlRP. OS 25, roughs, JH 13,
Sheep and l.amts Choice wethers, $3
10, lambs, JSfilS 25
Receipts Cattle. 3C0; hogs, 2,000; sheep
and lambs, 1.000; calves. 5nu
PITTSBURGH, April 19.
Cattle Steers, $13 25012; heifer $" 50
10 BO; cows, $S r.oji 9 50- top calves, t.
Hoits Heales, 116 25li: 30; he.vj
Yorkers. $U(gl: 25; light Yorkers, $mi
15; p'gs, $12 5Q 13 25.
Shrep and Lambs Top sheep. $11; tor
lambs, Sir 50
Receipts Hogs, 1,500, sheep nnd lnb3
SOQ- calves. 2(0.