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EL PASO HERALD
Science Of Dry
How To Do It Successfully
Nnii psryinn i si Tnr i rsn with stp
. Ew ImLaIGO In THE LEAD WITH IIS
Site Is Acquired in Quay
County and Active Work
Is Started Under the
NEW 3EEXICO leads all the older
commonwealths in the matter of
advanced Ideas In agricultural
education in one important respect.
In addition to a -well equipped agri
cultural college and experiment sta
tion, maintained jointly by the federal
and territorial governments, like those
found in the older states, New Mexico
has gone one step farther and is now
establishing the first demonstration
farm in the country under control of
any state or territory. Oklahoma has
something of the same kind, but less
comprehensive in its scope.
. QHick. Action on Bill.
At the session of the New Mexico
legislature last winter a bill was in
troduced and supported by Hon. M. C.
Mechem, now judge of the seventh dis
trict of New Mexico, providing for a
demonstration farm on each of the
eastern or dry farming counties of the
The bill failed of passage in that
form, but was modified so as to provide
for one vsuch farm, and fixed the loca
tion in Quay county? which was in Mr.
Mechem's district, and is a typical dry
farming county, and Tucumcari is
readily accessible from all the "dry"
The first appropriation is $10,000 for
the first two years and the first funds
became available November 1, 1909.
Board Controls Farm.
The control of the farm Is vested in
a board of three trustees on whom de
volves the entire work of directing and
overseeing the management of the
farm. The board consists of J- A.
Street, Herman Gehrhardt, of Tucum
cari, and Cresciano Gallegos, of Santa
Kosa, N. M.
In order to reduce the expense, a
school section, near Tucumcari, has
been leased, and thus the heavy Initial
cost of the land is saved, leaving most
of the appropriation for the necessary
The school section had been under
lease and the purchase of the leasehold
carried with It a pretty fairoutfit of
farm buildings, all of which can be
A competent man has been employed
as manage and work has already
begun in preparation for next sea
Adopt Campbell System.
The trustees have decided to adopt
the straight Campbell system of culti
vation for several hundred acres, and
while tne work on the farm will be
done under their direction, they will
avail themselves of all the assistance
that can be given thern by Prof. Camp
bell. Thergi is already a good supply of
NEW YORK'S BIG POULTRY SHOW
moisture in the ground all over Quay
county and it is believed that it can
be demonstrated that this can be re
tained In sufficient amount for the
crop next season.
Experiment and Demonstration.
Some people inquire what a demon
stration farm is and in what way it Is
different from the existing experiment
farms throughout the country.
The difference is really shown by the
words "experiment" and "demonstra
tion,'but a little further explanation
will serve to make it plainer.
The one respect In which an experi
ment station differs from a farm is
that its income or gather its support,
does not depend on the sale of its pro
ducts: It may. and to a large degree
does, devote its efforts in directions
where no possible revenue Is expected.
For this reason failures are expected
on the experiment farm, or at least, do
not cause surprise or affect the rev
enue, and in fact are often as valu
able from the experimental standpoint
as are successes, in arriving at the de
sired knowledge. Therefore, an experi
ment farm is not designed for a model
to be followed by actual farmers who
must support themselves by the pro
ceeds of their farms.
Duty of the Farmer. .
The proper function of the experi-.
mpnt sf-ntinn fjirm is to "nrove all .
things," while the farmer must hold
fast to that which is good."
He must avoid mistakes. But how
shall he avoid them? That is the prob
lem. True, the experiment station pub
lishes and distributes free, the re
sults of its work, but as a matter of
fact, most people find these bulletins
far from satisfactory. This is true of
those who read them. The great ma
jority of farmers never read them.
Now right here is where the prac
tical usefulness of the demonstration
farm comes In. In the first place, a
good demonstration farm comes as near
to the conditions of the average actual
farm as possible, and, for this reason.
it ought to make enough money to j
show a profit on the year's work. Un
less it does this it is a poor sort of
"demonstration." 'In order to do this
it must do exactly what the actual
farmer must do. That is, avoid mis
takes. "Work of Demonstration Farm.
Now right here is where the demon
stration farm works hand In hand with
both the experiment station and the
actual farmer. I
From the experiment station it takes
only such crops as the experiments j
have proved to be successful and grows
them on a commercial scale by the use
of the methods' of cultivation which j
have also been tested and found sue-1
picikv toadies' oh jboKhie, bJsbJS' smhfotf
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Big Help for Farmer.
On the farmer's side the demonstra
tion farm, by producing profitable crops
under conditions very similar to his
own, becomes a valuable object lesson.
He can visit this farm and see for
himself what crops will grow in his i
vicinity, and how he may grow thm
himself, which is a very different thing
from reading about it in a book.
Tne result nt Tucumcari will be
watched carefully by the progressive
farmers of New Mexico and elsewhere,
and it will be seen that ff it works out
as now proposed, the cost to the terri
tory will not be great, and there is no
reason why It may not be a souice of
revenue. - f
In a recent 'address James .1. Hill
said that If he had hiss way about i.
he would build one less battleship and
use the money to establish a thousand
demonstration farms instead.
Show at Madison Square
Garden This Year Out
classes All Others.
Call' Bell 115. Auto 1115 tell what
you wish to buy. sell or rent, and The
Herald wll do the rest.
New York.N. T. Jan. 8. Residents In
the vicinity of Madison Square Garden
wero never more disturbed by political
gatherings in that historic building
than they are at present during the 21&t
annual exhibition of the New York
Poultry, Pigeon and Pet Stock associa
tion. The show this year outclasses that of
any previous year, both in the number
of exhibits and in the variety.
The Pekin ducks make what almost
might be termed a "toothsome" ex
hibit. The turkeys are equally invit
ing, but the center of the whole show
is the hen.
There are Dorkings, Plymouth Rocks,
Buff Cochins, and hundreds of others,
all prize birds so their owners believe.
In the prevailing market price of eggs
no one will hesitate to take off his hat
to the hen.
There is a tank in the center of the
Garden filled with teal, mallard, cranes,
pelicans, gulls and one lone stork. From
the activity shown in the section de
voted to the incubator and brooder ex
hibits it is believed that the stork has a
hard job on hand.
Enter Peggy, High Finance Hen;
She Earns $255,000 a Year
l$8wl OT BS-eeTS "class ?fi66f KftR. I -' :'SLzA
EARNINGS OF "PEGGY" .;.
AND VAUDEVILLE STARS
Name. Per Week.
"Peggy," prize hen 500
John L.. Sullivan 500 ;.
.;. Mike Donlin 500
Mabel Hi te 500
. CissyXoftus 1000
j. Jack Johnson 1500
Jim Jeffries 2000
. Harry Xauaer 2500
K. . . . .
Enter the hen In high finance! Fiftjr
dollars a'cluck1 Sometimes"more! That-'s-
; what the owner of Peggy, aristocrat of
rthe hen world, gets whenever she
1 voices her sentiments.
Exaggeration is entirely unnecessary
to show her worth entirely so, for
Peggy, a prize hen, called the "ten
thousand dollar beauty," earns $500 a
week at almost any respectable poultry
show in this country. At this figure
she stands well up with the famous
vaudeville stars in the matter of salary.
Think of it every time "Peggy" lays
an ess she adds $100 to swell the funds
of Ernest Kellerstrass, of Kansas 'City,
who is her owner and who contracts
for "Peggy's" various appearances.
"Peggy" stands so high in the matter
J of reputation that five of her chicks
were sold recently for $7500. "Peggy"
Is 5 years old and as fine a Crystal
White Orpington as oujcould wish to
When it comes to finance why! the
aalue of "Peggyls" .output alone, count
ing an egg every other iday. is equal to
the salary of a bank president. When
she Is on exhibition "Peggy" brings her
owner $500 a week Compare this with
the income of Cissy Xioftus she gets
$1000 a week, or with John L. Sullivan's
recompense on the stage, which was
$500. "Mike" Donlin gets as much as
I "Peggy" too, so does Maggie Cline and
Mabel Hite, but they don t get any
"Peggy" earns, all- told, a clear $25,
000 a year. What more could any one
expect of a hen?
HER AGRICULTURE IS
MORE THAN HER
FARMS OR RAILROADS.
On His Way From Europe
Gives Some Figures
Eager For Immigrants
Following Pinchot in the
Matter of Forestry.
Some idea 6f how Mexico is going to
work to develop her agricultural re
sources and attract Immigrants was
given by Dr. Pehr Olsson-Seffer, special
government commissioner for the In
vestigation of economic products of
Mexico, who arrived yesterday at the
Holland House from Europe, says the
New York Sun.
Mr. Olsson-Seffer has been in London
for three months studying at Kew Gar
dens and getting information for publi
cations which are to be issued by the
Mexican government. Two year's ago
he was sent round the world, studying
agriculture in various countries. Dr.
Olsson-Seffer, who is a Swede, was for
merly professor of botany in Leland
Stanford Junjor university. .
"My work is in connection with the
department of fomento, which nearly
corresponds to that of commerce and
labor in Washington," said Dr. Olsson
Seffer yesterday. "Mexico is now thor
oughly alive to her opportunities as an
agricultural country and is now start
ing out on a policy of developing them
to their fullest extent I do not think
it is understood. In the United States
what a great agricultural country Mex
ico is. You have the idea up here that
the principal thing down there is min
ing and that the next in importance is
the railroad business. For the benefit
of a distinguished American a short
time ago I hunted up the statistics.
The latest available were those of 1905
06, but 'these showed that the income
from mining in that year was only
$323,000,000, as against $155,000,000
from the products of the temperate
zone and $175,000,000. from tropical
agriculture, or a total of $330,000,000.
Today the income from agriculture is
four times as great as that fro'm min
ing. According to the statistics the in
come from the railroad business in 1905
06 was $90,000,000.
"The Mexican government is now be
ginning to start experimental stations
throughout the country. Just now it is
seeking to devise methods of encourag
ing immigration and to show foreign
capital the opportunities there are for
investment in Mexico along these lines.
As a result of my tour two years ago a
book is being published on the oppor
tunities in Mexico, and there will be
three others. One which the govern-
( ment itself will puhilsh to the number
of several nunareo. inousand In many
languages will describe at length the
resources of the country and the oppor
tunities for making money there. These
will be distributed broadcast in the
United States and Europe.
"The government intends to do every
thing possible to encourage the irarai
srration of farmers who understand and
j will bring in the most uptodate meth-
ods of agriculture. At present the Mex
ican farmer on the average Is backward
in his methods, but the Diaz govern
ment realizes that agriculture Is the
principal industry of the country. One
feature of the policy of the govern
ment in this regard will be to allow
Immigrants to import free their house
hold effects and their agricultural im
plements. The National Railways fcare
cooperating with the government in this
and will make extremely low rates for
transportation when the matter of
colonizaion has been worked out. Th.ere
is also under discussion the formation
of a special colonization bureau.
Government Has Utile Land.
"There is one drawback to the plan,
and that is that the government has
practically no land left of Its own.
Most of the land down there is held by
individuals in large tracts, and land
owners as a general thing object to
cutting up their estates into small
tracts and selling them. However, this
is befcg partly overcome by land com
panies, which buy estates and cut them
up for sale. Mexico depends largely
upon irrigation for the cultivation of
the land, and the government is encour
aging this in every way. A recent act
appropriated $30,000,000 to be paid in
subsidies to persons who improve lancf
in this way and the government will
give $5 in gold for each acre that is ir
rigated and put under cultivation.
"Tnere are really no American col
onies in the agricultural districts yet.
They like American farmers down there,
but they don't care particularly where
We have just received a consignment
of PURINA POULTRY FEEDS,, CsOl
sod examine them.
are a mixture of overa dozen varieties
of erains and seeds. They contain
absolutely no grit which makes
weight. They contain absolutely no
burnt nor smutty wheat. Your chick
ens will thrive upon this feed it's no
experiment, but a practical feed for
practical poultry raisers. Coae ik
and ask for a sample of it,
PCS SALE BY
0. 0. Ssefon &
SOil El Paso
farmers come from so long as they
come to Mexico. ,
"For several years there has been In
existence across the Rio Grande from El
Paso, Texas, an agricultural college,
but its work is concerned with the
study of farming In temperate regions.
Two years ago they established a big
agricultural college in the city of Mex
ico, to which students come from all
parts of the country. This institution is
still too young to have turned out
graduates and therefore its influence
has not been felt on the agriculture of
the country, but it has a tremendously
large number of students. It is the in
tention of the government to establish
agricultural schools in various parts of
"Of the resources of Mexico with re
gard to forestry and agriculture little
has been known. I am now preparing
an exhaustive work on economic plants
in Mexico and another on Mexican for
estry. The government has so far done
little in regard to the subject of for
estry except that It realizes the neces
sity of the conservation of the forests
of the country, but there is jio question
that the problem there Is identically the
same as in the United States and we
shall follow GIfford Pinchot's policy of
conservation. We have very large for
ests of pine and hard wood in the
south, but they are being cut away
very rapidly. Strong representations
have been made to the government on
the subject and when Mr. Pinchot was
down in Mexico last year I had a long
conference with him.
"I am making a hurry trip to Mex
ico and after consulting with the min
ister of fomento I expect to return
straight to Europe. I am to talk over
the colonization plan with the minister.
"When I go back to London I expect to
publish a special 'commercial paper
there for the purpose of advertising
Mexico. When I went over there two
years ago nobody would listen to me
when I ,tried to talk Mexico. During
this visit inquirers were numerous and
did not seem to be able to hear too
4. ADDITION DRY KAIWI
NEWS 0? PAGE 23.
Better Than Spanking,
Spanking does not cure children of
bedwettlng. There is a constitutional
cause for this trouble. Mrs. M. Sum
mers, Box W, Notre Dame, Ind., will
send free to any mother her successful
home treatment, will full instructions.
Send no money, but write her today
If your children trouble you in this
way. Don't blam the child, tho
chances are it can't help 1L. This
treatment also cures adults and aged
people troubled with urine difficulties
by day or night.
THE IAItGEST EMBOSSING
Ellis Bros. Printers will shortly
have Installed the largest power
embossing press in the South
west, as their business has out
grown the smaller sizes. For the
best work and lowest prices give
us a call.
THOSE WHO APFEECIATE
TIME A2TO MONEY.
Taking advantage of ,the Httle opportunities as they
come opens the way for greater achievements. Both, time
and money are valuable. Now is the time to open an account
with the American. National Bank.
5 4 Percent Interest Paid.
On Certificates of Deposit.
Capital and Surplus $240,000.00. .
Engineers', Draughtsmen and
FRED J. FELDMAN
308 San Antonio St. El Paso
CATALOG OH REQUEST
Fills the Bill
AND FEESH FIELD, GARDEN AND FLOWEB
CALL OK OR WRITE TO
O. G. SEETON & SON.
THIRD AND CH3HUAHTTA STREETS
HAY, GRAIN, FLOUR AND FEED
iSMail Order Guide
A HANDY DIRECTORY OF RELIABLE
AND PROGRESSIVE FIRMS OF EL PASO
AUTOMOBILES AND SUPPLIES
Automobile Tires, Tubes and Smiiriea
CRAIG, O'DONNELL & CO.
Chamber of Commerce Bufldriig
RADER & ALEXANDER
Phone S. W. 611. Auto 2127
TRUNKS AND BAGS
Paso Trunk Faetory SrSSS
Plaza. TeL 1054r Auto 1965.