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EL PASO HERALD
Established April. 1S81. The El Paso Herald Includes also, by absorption and
succession, The Daily News, The Telegraph, The Telegram, The Tribune.
The Graphic, The Sun, The Advertiser, The Independent,
The Journal, The Republican, The Bulletin.
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Entered at the El Paso Postoffice for Transmission at Second Class Rates.
Dedicated to the service' of the people, that no good cause shall lack a cham
pion, and that evil shall not thrivennopposed.
f Business Office 115 lllo
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TERMS OP SUBSCRIPTION.
"Daily Herald, per month, 60c; per year, 7. Weekly Herald, per year, i$2.
The Daily Herald is delivered by carriers in El Paso, East EI Paso, Fort
Bliss and Towne. Texas, and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, at60 cents a month.
A subscriber desiring the address on his paper changed -will please state
in his communication both the old and the new address.
Subscribers failing to get The Herald promptly should call at the office or
telephone "No. 115 before 6:30 p. m. All complaints will receive prompt atten
The Heraid bases
ell advert! sing
contracts on a
more than twice
the circulation of
any other El
New Mexico or
west- rexas pa
per. Iaily average
July 1909, 10,062.
y v - v v w
r TT l....hMi nf AmonVin
r AUYCTU9CI HAS Aallllnrv. - M "-
r the arculauoa of this publication. The detail
L report of such examination is on file at the
k- NVw York oScc: ot
L other figures of drculfiion guaranteed.
r r - ' ' - ----- - a
u i ft ik rj jluloa
C N. 9Z CAAfS" Secretary, i
Mr. Taft's Conservatism
rR. TAFT'S double barreled message,
most conservative. He advocates
yet also urges caution, especially
wamts to curb the trusts in any of their illegal attempts at restraint of trade and
competition, but he wants to go about it in a manner that will finally bring about
the same result as hasty action, so far as the public is concerned, and not precipi
tate a panic, which might result from haste.
The big stick has proved effectual in the fight against the trusts, but a
little more caution might have been better, and Mr. Taft is going to profit by the
experience of others and exercise this caution first. He urges an amendment to
the 'present anti-trust law that win give the corporations a chance to come in un
der government supervision, but says at the same time to let the present law
elone, and if the corporations do not come in, he can take up the big stick, as a
last resort. Holding this over them and giving them a chance to come in volun
tarily is better than swatting them first and then asking them to come in. It
may be a bit slow, but the result will be for the best, it would appear at this
As The Herald has previously) remarked, the amendments to the railroad;
rate measure which Mr. Taf tr advocates, are not anarchistic nor damaging and
should be enacted into a law at once.
The Porto Ricans want to be Araerican'citizens.. Who can blame them?
It is a fact that people seldom see the truth about themselves and never listen
to itfrom others.
A tariff war with France is predicted. On -with the music if it must come and
see who is first to cry "enough." France needs the United States and its trade
just as badly as the United States needs France, and most of us believe a little
Next Monday wilJLbe an eventful day in the history of the El -Paso volunteer
fire department. Many men, who for 20 years and more have not had to do jury
duty, will face the judge and make excuses or take their medicine. In future, con
versation at fire meetings will turn to "the time we were summoned on the jury"
rather than tothe time of the record run or when the favorite horse retired.-, for
age- , - -
Austin is probably jealous. Look at the advice the Statesman offers two of
its neighbors: "Houston and San Antonio should send off and get a good detective
or a skilful officer each from somewhere, so that the words "no clue" wouldn't
fellow every report of a crime emanating from those resorts for undesirable citi
zens." Austin should remember that she sometimes has the state legislature and
not crow so loudly. '
If the usual monthly reminders which find their way so regularly into the
mails about the first of each month cause too much concern, take heart and remem
ber that after awhile there will be a time when there will be relief. The postman
does not deliver mail to the cemetery.
American Press and the Square Deal
THE Mexican Record condemns the American press for so readily accepting
the verdict of the Copenhagen court and condemning Dr. Cook, and it goes
further and declares that the presskof the United States las been just as
hasty in taking up the cudgel against Zelaya 'and Leopold and in defence of 'Ferrer,
the victim of the Spanish king's anger.
The American press may have been hasty, but it does not take the American
newspaper men always to see a point and understand it, and in most cases he
gives a sqmare deaL There is no cause whatever for the Recorcl's criticism unless
it is in the case of Cook, and he "brought it all upon himself. If he had "stuck
to the jeb," appeared in -person in Copenhagen, and not taken to the woods at the
critical moment, America would have stood bjl him at least "until he had every
opportunity to prove his case. If Cook wanted more time to get records, he could
have had it.
Americans are a patient people, but they are also on the square and they don't
like a quitter; they like a fighter, and Cook has demonstrated that he is not the
latter, and it looks mightily like he is the former. If he really has anything to
prove, he will have a harder time doing it now than ever.
Hoboken, If ew Jersey, now has a Democratic mayor for the first time in 26
years. You can expect anything or Hoboken.
Papers that print bull fight news under the head of sport, could be expected
to print murders on their society, pages and lynchings in the amusement columns.
. o .
Zelaya's cousin is "reported as favoring Estrada for the Nicaraguan presidency.
He discreetly waited until old man Zelaya had quit the country to say so how
Mayor McClellan, of New York, retired without any fuss and nobody has
asked where he went or what he is doing." McClellan will be known to posteritv
principally as his father's son and because he looked like George Wallace, of El
A certain political document made public in Washington the second Tuesday
in December, has just about had time to reach "Darkest Africa" andfn fancy we
can hear "and he calls that ,a message' as a very prominent pair of teeth are
displayed in chagrin and a substantial foot crumples a piece of paper.
' "" ' t '" -' -- -
Tucson, Ariz., requires a protest of -51 percent of the property owners to defeat
plans for improvements. El Paso requires that many in favor of them before
they can be made.
A St. Louis man says Missouri is 4he chief henpecking state. Still, there are
quite a number of people who hold to" the view that matrimony skins Missouri a
mile as a henpecking state, remarks a. grouchy bachelor editor.
Jack Johnson is superstitious amd when the articles of agreement 'for the Jeffries-Johnson
fight were read to Hhe had two of them stricken out These pro
vided that in case of death before the fight, his forfeit money should be returned
to fcis m31' aTld " case of dKiil1 tte Pe fight or afterwards, the proceeds
faom the moving pictures should-'go also to his manager. Jack said he wasn't go
ing to die and there was.no-uje of such provisions. It will not be hard to believe
sow that Johnson will go into the ring with a rabbit's foot in his pocket, a
voodoo bag around his neck and maybe a horse shoe in each of his gloves.
to subscribe for .
The Herald should
beware of impos
ters and should
not tpay money to
anyone unless he
can show that he
is legally author
ized to receive it.
the Assoaahon. 1NO
like all of his state papers so far, is
firm action with the railroads and trusts,
with the latter, lest a panic ensue. He
OOE old seedy Richard Roe! There
and tthe street and .the hobo's foul
flip. .iTite-Tnnrfp.Tr. J-.pII Triftfnor mi
save; drifting, drifting with the flow, where the shipwrecked mortals go. Richard
is a trying sight; once his countenance was white, but it's rusty with the grime of
an elder, ancient time; and his rags are passing foul, and he
has a wolfish jowl; and his story's trite and stale, as he
RICHARD paces in the jail; he's completely out of chink and it's sad-
ROE ' dening to think that this effigv defiled, must have been, one
da a child! It is saddening to know that above this Richard
Roe, with bis face
and swing: and if seems a blessed thing
the wrecks drift by!f
Copyright, 1909. by George Matthews
dreamed! Prayed and dreamed abo e that face that freti Take an uonorea
place, in this great, wade world of men truly, she was dreaming then! . There are
mawv Richard "oes. drifting whither no one knows where life's billows sweep
WITH BOYS AND MEN
BY DR. MADISON C. PETERS.
THE MAN WITH A NEW IDEA
The men who dared to be singular,
who struck, out into the new pathways
from the beaten rut have always been
maligned, calumniated, vilified and per
secuted. Many of the heroic and self sacrific
ing souls whose labors enriched the
world and made progress possible were
looked upon as madmen and no epithets
were strong enough to denounce them
for what was deemed their folly.
Columbus a Madman?
Christopher Columbus was considered
a madman when he conceived the idea
of reaching India in the East by sail
ing far enough west, but undauntedly
he stuck to his idea until he compeled
a hearing and finally was equipped for
his expedition. He would have reached
India according to his" calculation, had
not the great continent of yrhich he
was the discoverer intervened. He died
a pauper and In Ignorance of the f
mighty land he had opened to com
merce of the old world. He tolled, suf
fered, gave up his life to an idea.
James Watt a JFanatlc?
James "Watt was regarded as a fa
natic when he first projected the steam
engine, or rather formulated a plan for
putting into practical use a power
which was known to exist from the
primeval age of the world. "Watt was
a poor Scotch boy, the son of a stone
mason at Greenock, the seaport of
Glasgow. The inception of the force of
steam came to him one day like a flash
as he was idly watching the simmering
of the tea kettle. As the force from
the steam heated water raised the lid,
Jamie (as he was called) muttered to
himself: "Jamie, mon, there's po'er
there." Suddenly his mother, observ
ing him, gave him a stinging slap on
the Jaw, exclaiming: "Jamie, mon,
there's po'er there; was Jthere ever sic
(such) an idle ne'er-do-weel as you
are?" Little the good woman dreamed
that Jamie in his boyish brain was
conceiving the idea that was to revolu
tionize travel for centuries to come, and
commercially unite the nations of the
Stephenson was another poor boy
"whose onlv education was received a a
night school which he began to attend
at 18 He is called the "father of the
modern railroad." His ''Rocket" was
limited to nine miles an hour, but it
was the parent of the "Flying Scotch
man" and the "Empire State express."
At first our railroad carswere loose
boxes, as unlike the modern compart
ments on wheels as a laborer's cottage
is unlike the king's palace, but a man
came forward with an idea and soon
railway traveling was as if magically
transformed from a nightmare to a
pleasant dream. Today we have the
luxuriant Pullman cars. Pullman got an
idea about a sleeping car and he kept
revolving It in practice. He fitted up
two cars with berths on the Chicago &
Alton road and found a demand. Then
he went earnestly to work to construct
more luxuriant ones. After spending
(From The Herald of this date, 1S96)
REEVES COMES TO EL PASO;
CAVALRY IS AT FT. BLISS
This morning a number of promin
ent El Paso business men met for the
purpose of considering the organiza
tion of a business men's protective as
sociation, butTiothing definite was done
in the matter.
When O. M. Jones opened the yard
gates at the North Oregon street -place
of Buchanan & Powers at S oclock this
morning he found a large rock holding
back -the gate. Investigating he found
that the rocn. was covered with blood,
hair and brains and thinks perhaps
some one was murdered. However,
there is no other clue to any possible
The El Paso Gun club will hold its
annual election of officers January 10,
-when there will be a banquet
General agent Donohue of the Mexi
can Central and E. C. Pew will leave
this evening for Zacatecas. Mexico.
At the prayer meeting to be held in
the First Baptist church tonight, the
congregation will be called upon to
consider the pastor's resignation.
A. TV Reeves, ticket clerk for the
Santa Fe at Albuquerque, has been ap
pointed ticket agent for the same road
in El Paso and will arrive the latter
part of this Week.
E. F Kellner, -of Globe, Ariz., passed
througli El Paso yesterday with two
carloads of mules, bound for New Or
'Charles Green, the erratic cowboy
arrested .and fined $500 for carrying a
couple f guns and smashing dishes in
a San Antonio street restaurant, es
caped from police chief Fink vesterday.
A tramp held up Charley Rolla, a
newsboy last night., and, after search
ing his pockets and finding no money,
slapped his face and sent him on his
Troop A, of the Fifth cavalry left
Fort Sam Hou3tpn yesterday for El
Paso and will oe stationed at Fort Bliss.
It Is believed this will be made a cav
The need of a special building for
the T. M. C. A. Is being discussed and
there is a possibility of erecting one
Walter "Williams, .the negro, is still
alive and it is now believed that the
two bullet wounds In his head will not
Agent Logan, of the Pacific Express
- Denatured Poem
is naught he doesn't know of the kennel
retreat - -junere is notmng aie rau t, i"
life's stormv wave, he's a wreck, unfit to
by evil seamed, once a mother bent and
fehat.so many mothers die, ere they see
three years in the Colorado mines he
came back to Chicago and built two
cars costing $18,000 each. Everybody
laughed at "x'ullman's folly."
An. Unselfish Inventor.
Benjamin Franklin, of whom it was
said "he snatched the lightning from
heaven," never took out a patent,
though he was constantly inventing and
constantly discovering. His brain was
ever teeming with Ideas. He wanted
to unlock nature's treasure box and
scatter her riches to the world. He did
much, all disinterestedly and without
hope of reward. Thousands had experi.
mented with electricity before him, but
he was the first to evolve the idea of
taking lightning from the clouds by
means of a kite and store It in his
Leydon jar. How much the modern J
world owes Franklin is rarely ac
knowledged, but indifference cannot
detract from his great life work. But
Franklin's electrical experiments were
only the embellishments of his greater
career as a statesman.
The Steamboat Man.
Robert Fulton the first man to apply
the power of the steam engine to xthe
propulsion of boats in a practical way
was the son of poor, Irish immigrants,
himself born In the wilderness of the
Pennsylvania hills. He was looked up
on as a public enemy and people ridi
culed his Idea of a steamboat as the
wildest absurdity, but he pursued his
course and made the "Clermont" the
forerunner of the ocean greyhounds
which now plunge from shore to shore
In a few days. All his "life he was har
rassed and worried by lawsuits and
controversies, but he braved all for his
ideas and devoted his life to the pro
gress of humanity.
Northern Man Enrlcaes South.
Eli "Whitney, inventor of the cotton
gin, was a northern man whose brains
enriched the south. When he applied
for his patent less than 10,000 bales
was the total export of cotton from the
United States. In "50 years the growth
of the industry reached 12,000,000 bales
all through the wonderful invention or
the young Massachusetts man which
separates the cotton seed from the tex
ture. What was his reward? Thirty
years of Ingratitude, with scarcely a
voice raised in praise of his skill or in
gratitude for his life saving work.
Ideas tin Action.
The lives of great men are great Ideas
ejnbodled in earnest action. There are
plenty of ideas still in the world, the
supply is Inexhaustible, but it takes
brain and grit and determination to
put them into effect
Arouse! Be one of the climbers and
do your best to attain those heights
where the world will be compeled to
look up to you. Don't be afraid to be
laughed at. The world has always
considered Its thinkers mad. There are
plenty ideas still in the world. Every
thing has not been invented. All things
have not been done. The world wants
men with new Ideas. Get an Idea. Ob
serve, study, think, act. " '
company, has gone to Dallas for a few
The Mexican government has granted'
a concession allowing the fiestas in
Juarez to continue until the middle of
"Watchman Tyra, of the Southern Pa
cific, has been appointed to the police
force to occupy the position made va
cant by the resignation, of policeman
The Sisters of Eoretto will give an
entertainment at Chopin Music hall on
Diamorld Tick, detective for the Mex
ican Central, is in El Paso, to spend
a few days on business.
Metal market: Sliver, .66; lead, $3;
copper, .09; Mexican pesos, .54.
THE SNOW A1VT3 CASH.
From Albuquerque (N. M.) Journal.
'The dry farmers in- eastern New
Mexico,, are not doing any "kicking"
ecause a little snow falls on their
fields, now and then. They understand
how to transmute it into cash.
PLENTY OF MONEY.
From Santa Fe (N. M.) New Mexican.
New Mexico banking Institutions have
a capital of $3,500,000 and their re
sources are close to the $30,000,000
mark. This does not indicate poverty
or lack of wealth on the part of the
people of the territory.
TREE PIiANTING. TIME.
From Tucumcari (N. M.) Sun.
Tucumcari Is getting lots of ceirfent
sidewalks and the streets are nicely
kept. Now, If every home owner In
the city would plant some trees in their
yards, in a few years Tucumcari would
bo the most beautiful city in New
From Clayton (N. M.) Citizen.
Separate statehood for Arizona and
New Mexico is doomed for another year
according to all reports from Washing
ton. The only thing left for us to do
Is to grin and bear it, and perhaps the
old adage, "If at first you don't suc
ceed try, try, again" will come true i
RIVALRY OF LEON I r
AND GRANADA Tiei
UNSCRUPULOUS METHODS OF ZELAYA rr
III Turbulent Central America. j
N order to understand what has hap
pened of late in Nicaragua the read
er must remember that, almost
from the day they were xounded, there
has existed a bitter rivalry between the
cities of Leon and Granada.
These are the two most important
cities in the lepubllc, and from time
immemorial have heen competitors in
business. But their opposition has not
halted there. ;In opinion, in intellec
tual activities, 'and, above all, In poli
tics, they have been arrayed against
each other. j.n fact, the early history
of Nicaragua is merely a chronicle of
revolutions fomented first by one and
then by the other of these cities.
Strongholds of Partlea.
Leon has been a stronghold of the
Liberal party since 1821. Granada has
been just as consistently Conservative.
The various contests for the presidency
have been, generally speaking, strug
gles between the candidates of the two
cEties. Leon, it Is true, has had the
advantage of population, but Granada
has always been the richer and more
"cultured, and so in political influence
A they have been nearly equal.
But for a good many years Granada
was in the ascendency. After the dis
solution of the union of the Central
American republics, in 1838, the control
of the Conservative, party that is to
say, of Granada fell into the hands
of a half dozen families the Chamor
ros, the avalas, the Cardenases, the
Cuadras and the Sacasas more espe
cially. No Liberal Dynasties.
Among the Liberals tnere were no
such dynasties. Their leaders stood
quite alone. When at rare Intervals
they forged their way to office, it was
through indivdual prowess, rather than
with the help of influential family
connections; and when they fell, as
they usually did after a brief tenure
of power, to be displaced by Conserva
tive candidates, they left no heirs.
But the Conservatives had trouble
among themselves. Sometimes they did
queer things. It was a Chamorro, for
instance, who brought Walker into
Nicaragua, and who was afterward shot
by the great American adventurer.
Liberals Look for Leader.
In time the presidential succession
became practically restricted to the
families of C-iamorro. Zavala and Car
denas. The Liberals In Leon looked
around for a leader. They found him
In Trinidad Cabanas, of Honduras.
One of the curious things about Cen
tral .tunerlca is that if you are a citi
zen of one of the little republics you
are a citizen of all the rest, and can
dabble in their politics as freely as you
can in your own country's. So Trini
dad was warmly welcomed In Leon,
and made himself an Important place
In Nicaraguan politics that is, until
Don Fruto Chamborro went In search
of his scalp.
Don Fruto, having disposed of Ca
banas, made himself supreme dictator,
and the Liberals found themselves once
more out in the cold.
Supreme dictator was the style ar
fected by tne rulers of Nicaragua down
to the time of president Zavala. z.a
vala promulgated a constitution and
assumed the presidential title. His
predecessors d been irresponsible
despots, holding themselves accountable
to Godt and not very much accountable
even In that direction.
But Zavala saw the signs of the
times. He it was who tried to smooth
out the animosities of Leon and Gra
nada. He brought together the repre.
sentatives of tho t-ven niHan .-
i v. Z V r T. wfc"-a "" " j " -u ejtpioic every xina or mineral
iu2w them locate thii caP!tl of the deposit, whether new mines or aban
republic at Managua. This town m5 rtrmAr! At, in i tt ".
acceptable to the rival cities, possibly I
Gifford Pinchot Has a
Presidential Boom Now
Ui4iBWu, . v... jan. . ms name he has a French name. "How you go
is spelled as if It were pronounced ing to run a man for resident whn
Pinshot, but in fact it Is pronounced J
Pin-show ' 'i
That wouldn t have been so very lm-
portant a few months ago, when he was j
merely a member of the Roosevelt
tennis cabinet; but now, decry it as his
friends may, scout It as his enemies
may, the awful truth can't be any long
This tall, thin person with the
Frenchy name and five or six million
dollars of good clean money of his own.
and absolutely no sense aaout working,
with a genius for clothes at $9 the suit
or thereabouts, a bunch of Yale de-
grees, and a rather startling command
of the art of using little zoxt Anglo
Saxon words where1 other high browed
persons would use Latin words this
But it Is hard to get out the telling,
awful truth about him. This Individ
ual who hasn't had any more realiza
tion of his opportunities than to work
18 hours a day all his life for the love
This individual, this Gifford Pinchot,
has a presidential boom that persistent
ly follows him around, and is actually
trylrig to get him to recognize it.
There, it's out. They talk about it all
over town. You can hear It from sen
ators, and the house members have gone
so far as to make some figures on It.
They are wondering if Roosevelt won't
support Pin-shot, or Pinshow, or Pin
chot, provided Roosevelt doesn't want
the job again himself. Some of them
think Roosevelt will want It, and there
fore Pinchot will have to stop outside
and look after the department of agri
culture and the trees. But others per
sist that Roosevelt will never run
again, and that Instead ho will take
up the cause of his old friend, Gifford,
and. put him over In 1912.
Some folks object to Plnchot-because
lVS) YtW rf!$EF'lti?'h i)5"
Some Cwwss --: te
for the fact that it was a small, insig
nificant and unhealthy place. Managua
has continued to be the capital, though
It has not improved very much over
what It was in Zavala's time, and is
still' inferior in practically every point
to Leon and Granada. But this well
intentioned plan did not allay xm,
jealousies of the two cities, and down
to the present day their quarrels have
been a frequent cause of bloodshed and
Jose Santos Zelaya, late president
of Nicaragua, is one of the boldest.
,most skilful and most unscrupulous
politicians that has ever flourished in
Central America or elsewhere. For 16
years he maintained himself In power
by playing upon the Inherited hatreds
of these two cities.
If his growing unpopularity led to
a revolutionary outbreak in Leon, he
incited Granada to suppress it; and
Granada, anxious to feed fat the an
cient grudge, hurried to do his bid
ding. And when Granada rebeled, as
it did once in awhile, Leon was only
too willing to even up the score.
By deftly balancing the factions, Ze
laya made himself the master of Nica
ragua, and one of the most formidable
figures in Central America.
Policy On Concessions.
On assuming the presidency one of
Zelaya's first acts was toInstitute his
now famous policy of concessions. Of
course, there is a good deal of reticence
about the way in which these conces
sions were parceled out. There were
features connected with them from the
start that nobody was anxious to make
But briefly stated, the system was
something like this: If Zelaya or some
of his henchmen saw anybody making
money In any line of business, one or
the latter applied to the government
for the grant of a monopoly In that
line. The franchise would then be sold,
either to the hapless merchant whose
success was responsible for the scheme.
or to somebody else who would sHt
aside a considerable share, say 25 per
cent of the profits, for Zelaya.
Not all of the concessions were out
andout monopolies, but practically all
had monopolistic features. Eventually
tftiere came to be franchises for the
exclusive use of certain kinds of ves
sels on Lake Nicaragua, on the San
Juan river and on the Escondido river.
When Zelaya came Into power the con
cession on the van Juan was held by
a Frenchman who had married the
daughter of president Zavala. As it
then stod the concession Was not a mo
nopoly. Zelaya took it away from the
Frenchman, made It a monopoly, and
granted It to a new concessionaire with
the usual stipulations for the benefit
of the presidential pocketbook.
There were monopolistic concessions
on nails, kerosene, .cattle, dynamite,
tobacco, whisky, groceries and shoes.
Sometimes the concession would apply
only to a certain district, beyond the
limits of -which similar, concessions
would be made to other persons. This
was done with, regard to shoes, the
sale of which was conducted exclusive
ly by one firm on the Atlantic coast,
and was equally the exclusive function.
or another company on the Pacific
coast. 9 ,
One of the most important of the
concessions granted by Zelaya was
made about five years ago to an Amer
ican named Deitrick. Mr.- Deitrick is
said to represent a group of Pittsburg
capitalists. He enjoyed the exclusive
right to exploit every kind of mineral
lo.OOO square miles, excepting of
nobody knows how to pronounce his
name?" demanded one politician.
"Well," replied another, "if you'll
recollect how Roosevelt got the Dutch
and German votes because he was
Dutch, the Italian vote because he could
talk the Italian, language, the French
vote because the French believed he
was one or them Just figure on that,
and you'll see how Pinchot maybe can
run all right."
Who's the most useful man In con
gress? The Honorable Edward Thomas Tay
lor, of Colorado.
How can you prove it?
By the congressional directory.
Mr. Taylor arrived in congress at the
beginning of the present congress, last
March, and Is a Democrat. He occupies
30 lines, orust about a half page, with
hils biography In the congressional dl- I
rectory, for which eacn member pre
sents his own sketch. Eugene Hale.
father of the senate, and co-boss of
that body, uses .- Nelson Wllmarth
Aldrich, real boss of the senate, takes
List to this excerpt from the Taylor
"In 1896 was elected state senator
and re-elpctcd in 1900 and 1904, his 12
years' service ending December, 190S
was, president pro tempore of the senate
one term an$ has the reputation of hav
ing been the author of more important
laws and constitutional amendments
than any person that ever sat in any
legislature of any state in the union
during the history of this government
over 40 general statutes and five separ-
a-to constitutional amendments that
were adopted by a general vote of the
And he wrote it himself.
Colorado doesn't believe In the old
saying, "It takes nine tailors to make a
man." v : "
course, mines then actually being oper
ated by other persons. Along with this
right went others almost equally valu-
In return Deitrick undertook to pay
the Nicaraguan government a fixed
sum per annum, improve the naviga
tion xf the Wanks river, and create
a town at Cape Gracias. - This fran
chise, In spite of the temporary setback
sustained by the company as a result
of the adjustment of the boundary be
tween Nicaragua and Honduras, by
which its operations were restricted to
the south bank of the Wanks river, is
still a "going concern."
It is worth noting that the whisky
cpneession in the Bluefields district
was originally granted to Juan Estra
da, the leader of the rebel forces
The Bluefields Wisri.
An incident which explains Zelaya's
methods may be appropriately related
heer. It is the comic-opera story of
the wharf concession at Bluefields.
A wharf was unquestionably needed,
but not the Kind of twobyfpur affair
that was erected- For his trouble the
promoter was to receive a large sum,
and to get it by collecting a small fee
on every package landed at the wharf.
Of course this arrangement was by no
means satisfactory to the Bluefields
merchants, ai.d they protested so vig
orously that Zelaya was at length, com
pelled to cancel the concession.
But as the promoter had done the
work, and was legally entitled to his
pay. something had to be found for him.
So Zelaya Issued a decree raising the
already heavy customs duties at Blue
fields, and assigned a part of the pro
ceeds to the builder of the wharf. The
result was to put the price of living
in Nicaragua up to an altitudinous
level, especially in Bluefields.
Before Estrada took up arms against
Zelaya, butter sold In Bluefields for
$1.40 a pound, and tobacco for Z. v Es
trada abolished the concessions on both
articles. The price of butter has drop
ped to 40 cents per pound, and tobacco
has cheapened proportionately.
Tarn Against Zelaya.
The concessions weighed heavily up
on all the people of Nicaragua upon
Leon as upon Granada but Zelaya was
not content therewith. Arbitrary ar
rest of his easemles still further tended
to unite the mass of the people against
him. For the firs time in Nicaraguan.
history the two rival cities found them
selves driven into alliance against the
common enemy. At last even Zelaya's
cleverness was unavailing to keep Lib
eral ana uonservative apart.
Here is the fact which Insured the
success oi jti,sxraaa's campaign. Butw
that neither city has permanently bur
ied the hatchet is a safe assertion. "What
they will do In the future, once the
present emergency has passed, it is dif
ficult to foretell.
Monday IV. Politics in Nicaragua.
Another Denatured Poem.
Ton may sing about your Tommy
Of the bloo'y Henglish hommde;
Tou can talk about rurales,
Or Canadian pony cops;
But I wIE tell the story,
To the everlastin' glory
Of the gallant railroad boomers, never
stops. t f
Tou may have heard the.V story,
From some guj- with whiskers hoary
Of the men who fought at Gettysburg 1
Ain't Is so Old Top?
But I am here to wager,
There never was a major,
Who was braver than a boomer,never
stop. It ain't no foundless rumor,
That every bally boomer
In the city of El Paso
G. B, T. P.. E. P. &s
Is wanlerin' like a, hobo,
And as ugly as a lobo
And 'ill scrap as brave as soldiers,
"When the manifest comes rollin
And the midnight bells are tollin'
And is cold as bill thunder
Ain't Is so. Old Bo?
While the city is a snoozin
The guys that sleep is loosln'
A3"e whoa0rnery' cursinboom-s, neve-
And whea they got their lay 0ff
Just a jolly, laughin' day off
There is some big celebratin"
Get a shovel, no. a mop
Shoot a stick o'f pool, old towser? .
Drink a can o' beer, old bowser'
Spend an evenin and a pay check, with
a boomer neverstop.
T. G. T.
"KID" MURPHY EAGER 5
TO MEET GOULOX. X
t 3" n. ,
T,3Id,-?raplly, bantamweight cham
pion of Connecticut, is fighting in good
form now, and It is the height of his
ambition to meet "Johnny" Coulon for
the bantamweight championship of the
world. He has boxed with every oy
?asS Who Would fIfct him and
2? Zlrfi no bantams around
he fought featherweights
Only lately he beat "Joe" Hur'er ISO
pounds, at the Long Acre ithleUc
SSJlIf before that he beat
Sonny" Smith. 122 nm,n ,
j Falls. He has been fighting for Three
, years, and for the last vr til ?"f
under the management of L. P Flvnn
It is more than probable that he mav
be matched against either Coulon wS
ner or McGovern. He Is open to ?
world at 115 pounds.
From Moriarty Messenger.
Postmaster-general Hitchcoclc -n
signified his Intention of refongr toe
HOStnl rlAnafwiAi i l .
polntments awsv frl fif S ,toe ap"
He deXti SLfhSL.?! f.ollcians-
with a mod S nf postm,ster
,, J" ?r rec.0rd of former service
A". :P"r.er. to reappointment
-.v. w.c new omce seeker.
Lapre,;late thls- th0sb ptab
eTective 5 S6e tte Poffice made
HOMESTEADS AND TITLES
From Socorro (N. M.) Chieftain.
satint-XtwCvmetlle attorne- neral
sajmg that March 3, 1910, is the last
hyfnLWhlC? Sma11 hoIdIle claims can
SLii S t Jhere ls a larse number of
small holdings in the vicinity of So
corro and the persons who are' In pos
session of them have repeatedly been
warned and urged to apply for title.
Some have made the application, but
many more have not. Just what ac
tion the government will take in re
gard to these latter after March 3, re
mains to be seen. Judging frompre
cedent, however, they will be compeled
to vacate the lands they are now in
possession of and. those lands will be
thrown ppen to entry under the same
conditions and. in the same manner as
other public lands. Such action on the
part of the government might work ap
parent hardship upon certain persons
who have been too negligent, too per
verse, or too selfish to acquire title to
the lands they hold, but they will have
nobody, but thejnselvesto blame It, they
are made to suffer for their folly.