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If you are seeking the Eight spot for the Bight kind of a home, or the Right kmd of investment. BEAUTIFUL GRAND VIEW SUB-DIVISION OF LAS CRUOES, The King of All Sub-Divisions.
' I.-II.I.III.1 in im i n. mnrrni-wT j n ms bm e Ban a nnapi i T(
offers the distinction of quiet dignity
and completeness in every detail.
Every modern convenience will be
at your command in this modem
sub-division whether you are a
home builder or investor.
Do Not Be a
Come with us January 23 on-the
f i. JUC J. CiCJfXlUiLC fii Ssi3.
The Electric Light i
Where the Water Mains
Where the Electric Rail
way Will Run.
HAVE YOUR LUNOH FREE
And if you make a purchase
Your Railroad Fare FREE
Train Leaves 8;45 a. m., Jan. 23
Cheap Rate for Round Trip
LAS CRUCES, N M.
THIS MAP SHOWS THE EXACT LOCATION OF ALL ADDITION'S TO LAS CRTJCES
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Do not procrastinate like the
"waiting" man but put your mon
ey in Beautiful Grand View Sub
Division of Las Cruces. "An
investment that contains no ele
ment of risk."
3 Blocks From Loreito
5 Blocks From Main
High rolling, level land overlooks the en
tire city and valley.
Needs No Grading to Build
Grand View Sub-Division
Is as near the center of Las Cruces as
the Presbyterian chnr6h in El Pastf is
to the postoffice.
No lots sold until Excursion Day.
Train Returns 6:55 p. m,, Jan. 23
Excursion Rates from every point
within 50 miles of Las Graces.
Lots $45.00 to $65,00
$10 Down; $4 a Month
H0 MORTGAGE, M0 TAXES OR NO INTEREST
F. T. Hardesty, Local Agt.
With Haiion Rgaliy Company
224 Mesa Avenue El Paso, Texas
When the Rangers Fought Indians
Formation- Of the Band and Some Of the Early Experiences
By J. B. GUlett,
Marshal Of El Paso
In 1S74 the legislature .of the state
of Texas appropriated $300,000 for
frontier protection, aud authorized Gov.
IUchard Coke to raise -a. battalion of
Texas rangers, consisting of 450 men,
divided into six companies of 75 men
each. John B. Jones, of Corsicaua,
Texas, an intrepid southern soldier, was
commissioned major commanding the
battalion, and took the field early In
the spring of 1874, and was stationed
from Uvalde county, on the south to
Jack county on the north, about 100
Tn rAfriiftins- the command, of course,
most of the men were Texans, but not
altogether. There were aiso quize a iot
of professional .and some literary men
mustered into service. One of them,
H. M. Buudy, writing under the nom
de plume of "Capers," wrote for the
Galveston News in 1874 a piece of poetry
based on the three early Indian fights
of the battalion.
Hangers Fiffht Indians.
I shall undertake to describe those
Indian fights that took place neariy 35
years ago. and which opened Mr. Bun
dy's poetry. Many of the participants
in those fights are now living In New
Mexico, Arizona and Texas.
It was Maj. Jones's duty to march
along the line, contract for supplies
for the men and forage for the horses,
also to confer with the captains of the
companies and citizens along the fron
tier as to the best methods to pursue
against the different tribes of Indians
then infesting the frontier of Texas.
IVe had he Lipans and Kickapoos in
the southwest, the Apaches on the west
and the Comanches "and Kiowas in ..he
north and northwestern portion of Tex
as. These tribes of Indians covered at
least 1000 miles of territory- Thus it
nill be seen what a irae undertaking
this battalion of 450 was called on to
perform. The first year or two of 'the
batxalion, Maj. Jones detailed five men,
from each company, a total of 30 men,
as an escort.
Capt. John Ikerd commanded the ex
treme northernmost company.
The 3-ear of 1S74 being an especially
favorable one for the Indians, as soon
as their war ponies were fat they began
raiding and stealing all along the fron
tier. The First Clash.
Lieut. 3Iillicaa, of Ikerd's company,
with 15 men, was the first to strike an
Indian trail. It was in Jack or Young
county, and, being anxious to send in
the first scalps to Austin, tuey pressed
the Indians so closely that it seemed
for a while as if their efforts would
bo crowned with success. Night was
fast aDnroachinj? and "when the rangers
were almost within gunshot of the in- i
dians, a thunder shower and storm
raroe'on. TL- Indians ran -into some
shin oaw brush, slid from their horses
and made good their escaoe. Mr. Bundy
has given us two verses on this scout.
After the Indians.
Maj. Jones hal made one trip up the
line, -and on his return march camped
for the night in the lower edge of Lost
va'lcy. Jack county, Texas. Early on
the following .morning arsmall band of
Indians raided Loving's .ranch and stole
a bunch of horses. .The ranchman, be-
Oh, yes, you may say it was management,
That they had it all sot from the fust,
JSut, sir, if you're drrun to thexu kind o keards,
You bet your life that you'll bust,
For maybe I don't know an iujun,
As ly as you keep It old buck
Jut say to your folks that I've been thur,
And know it is all tree negro luck.
D'ye, mind in that roundup last x.yiuier,
AVhen Bill shot that cuss through the head,
How lie rolled up his eyes like a dying duck,
And all hands thought he was dead;
But Bill said: "Boys, I'm the bully,
I've got me an injun, dead shore,"
But emptied his sixhhooter iu hiiu again, .
For the sake of heariu' it roar. -
Then we tied his critter near at hand, r
For we had no time to spar, t ,
And wanted to mark the spot whar he lay,
So to come back arter his har;
You see, we had rounded the others up.
And drove them in to a caie;
The cowardly whelps had crept in thar,
A thlnkin' thar bacon to save.
But we had dead medicine an the lads,
And knowed that we'd get 'cm shore;
So we had a deal of scrambiin'
For who 6houId he fust in the door;
But when we sot thar, heaens an' arth!
It's enough to make one rave!
We found a hole a Icadin' out,
Of t'other side of the cave.
Bill poked ns H in the ribs and said
His biz lay back, pintln' thar
To whar he'd sTaked that injun's hoss,
And muttered suinthln' bout har,
lint Billy returned, badly rnttled, J
And was forced to admit,'galnst his will.
That the possom sneak had tuck that hoss '
And scooted out for Sill.
3Iaj. Jones struck a trail in Lost valley,
And John is a regular brick,
But Iu less than a jiffy the major found
tt i,nit tnn much, on his stick:
Lone "VVolf crept off with his luggage,
Though he fout till 'twas no use to buck, ' '
For courage, and skill, and generalship
Wan't worth a cuss agin luck.
You mind, too, when Mililcan chased 'em
And swore that he eat ;cm blood raw,
How we had 'em foul on the come in,
But got heat to h 1 on the draw;
How we hooped the heft of the evenln',
And had 'em fairly in sight;
Hut luck was with 'em a rain set in
And hurried on the night.
And ihe scoundrels slid from their horses,
And tuck to the brush far away,.
Whar the devil couldn't a found 'enijr
If it had been plain open day;
And so you would call this management?
Come, jione of your foolishness, Buck,
Yon may talk about cunning and craft, old boy;
But you know It's all free negro luck. v
Capers, Camp Colorado, Aug. 10, 1S7."5.
ing aware of 3Iaj. Jones's presence, hur
ried to his camp and spread the news.
This was just whatithe major wanted.
Here was a fresh iritlian trail within
a few miles of his camp. He took with
him his entire escort of 30 men,-'picked
up the trail and followed it 'rapldlj'.
From the signs, there seemed to be 10
or 12 indians in the party, and as the
trail was only a few hours' old, and
as the major's horses were fresh and
his men eager for a fight, they pushed
on at full gallop, not dreaming that
old' Lone Wolf, a celebrated Kiowa
chief, with 200 or 250 warriors, was con
cealed in a little mott of timber in the
upper e'dge of Lost valley, eagerly
watching the approacn of the rangers.
As Tdaj. Jones hurried on, all of a sud
den he found himself completely sur
rounded by this fierce band of savages.
Surrounded by Indians.
The Kiowas aifd Comanches are given
up to be the best riders and most ex
pert horsemen of any indians on the
American continent. These indians, on
their gaily bedecked war ponies, cir
cled around and around this command
of 30 men, pouring in a perfect fusillade
of balls, being armed with the most
Maj. Jones, seeing that it would be
Impossible to escape, steadied his men
the best he could. Many of the rangers
nevcrhaving been under fire before, be
came panicky, and it is said that It was !
all Maj. Jones could do to keep them
from trying to break through Ahe In
dian line, which would have caused the
entire command to have been massacred.
The rangers were quickly dismount
ed and took shelter in a smalU ravine.
The horses that could not be protected !
by shelter were tied hi a small necan
mctt near at hand. The Indians circled I
repeatedly around the rangers and made
repeated efforts to rout them, but the
boys had become steady now and met
each charge of the Indians with a well
directed fire, and many a brave warrior
was unhorsed and killed.
Indians Kill Rangers' Horses.
Lone Wolf, seeing that he could not
dislodge the rangers, drew off and with
a few long range buffalo guns, turned
his attention to Maj. Jones,'s horses. He
shot down and killed every horse that
was exposed, IS head in all.
They hfid now been fighting most of
the day, and the rangers were running
short of ammunition. One of the menT
Charley Glass, having a fine race mare
told the major he believed that he could
break through the Indians and carry
the news to Jacksboro, where they could
get relief. Maj. Jones opposed this,
but Glass insisted. The rangers were
without water and their situation was
Finally Glass was allowed to make
the attempt. His mare had been shel
tered by the ravine. He readjusted his
saddle and as he tightened up the
cinches it was noticed that his hands
trembled like an aspen leaf. Yet he
was clear grit, and when all was readv
he pulled his hat down tight over his
eyes, mounted, dug his spurs deep into
the sides of his mare, and at one bound
was out of the ditch, running at full
speed for the open country. The bovs
gave him.-a military salute as he left.
Relief Messenger Murdered.
Old Lone Wolf was too cunning to
be caught napping, aud at once some
of his best mounted warriors were sent
in pursuit. Not having so far to run,
they quickly closed in on Glass, and
he and his mare were shot down and
killed before they had gone 600 yards.
Thus was the first blood of the battal
ion spilled. But many brave rangers
have gone to their last reward since
The rangers attempted to protect
Glass the best they could in his flight,
and Lee Corn, one of the best rangers
that served in the early days, exposed
himself a little too much, and was hit
by a large rifle ball In the right elbow,
the bullet shattering the bone and com
ing out at the wrist. As night came
on it was seen that the indians were
preparing to leave', and by dark they
were all gone.
Maj. Jones came out and marched
back to his camp of the morning with
the most of his men on foot.
After Indians Again.
As soon as Maj. Jones could remount
his men, they continued down the line,
and some three or four weeks later
reached Capt. Perry's company, then
stationed at the mouth of Elm creek, in
Menard county, Texas. On the follow
ing day, Capt. Perry instructed two
of his men to take a pack mule, go up
on the head of Elm and secure a beef.
The rangers, after traveling six or
eight miles, suddenly spied 15 or 16 in
dians riding leisurely along, going
south, evidently striking for the Llano
country on a raid. One of the rangers,
Scott Cooley, a brave and fearless man,
stayed to watch the Indians, while the
other ranger hurried back to camp and
spread the alarm.
Immediately two scouts were detailed
to pursue the Indians. Lieut. Dan Rob
erts, with 15 ''men, got away from camp
first, a lieutenant of the major's escort
following a few minutes later. Roberts,
having a guide to direct him. was the
first to strike the enemy. The indians
made no effort io escape, but took some
high ground and formed in line of bat
tle, and awaited the onset. The rangers
never halted, but rushed right at the
indians, and immediately, a furious bat
tle began. Three of the indians were
shot down and killed, four of their
horses were killed, and Lieut. Roberts's
old ranger horse. Rock, was shot
through the top part of the shoulders,
which put the lieutenant out of the
More Indians Killed.
The Indians divided into small bands,
broke and ran. The escort scout com
ing on, struck five of these Indians, and
a running fight ensued for 15 or 20
miles. Finally, the indians were round
ed up in a little clump of trees, and
the rangers killed two more. Here Is
where Bill got his Indian, as Mr. Bundy
mentions in "Lucky Injun." The other
three indians broke and ran again. By
this time most of the rangers' horses
had given out and only the lieutenant
aud two men could keep up the run
ning fight. Finally the rangers gave
one of the indian's horses a mortal
wound, and the Indians, seeing that they
were about to be overtaken, took shel
ter in a small cave, or washout, on the
head of Las Moras creek, some seven or
eight miles southwest of the present
little town of Menardville, Tex.
Inillan Caught In Cave.
The rangers had chased the indians
some 20 to 25 miles from where they
had jumped them in the morning. The
minims iiea Tiieir nine imi-i"ii puiuts
at the mouth of the cave, and with this
protection, were able to stand the three
rangers off. The lieutenant, taking in
the situation at once, dispatched a
ranger to Menardville for help. By the
time the ranger had made the ride to
Menardville and returned with a posse
of citizens, It was night, but the lieu
tenant at once assaulted the cave. It
was found that the Indians had slipped
out as soon as darkness settled and
made their escape on foot. One of the
three horses, shot In the running flghf,
was found dead at the cave, while the
other two were unhurt.
Original Mounted Police.
I believe that every company along
the line had one or more fights with
indians during the first year of the ex
istence of the battalion. Thus the
rangers were a success from the start,
and from them have sprung the most
celebrated monnted police the world has
ever known. In about seven years from
Its organization it had killed, captured
or run out of the country every Indian
that infested the frontier of Texas. Not
one was left to tell the tale.
The rangers were then called upon to
rid the great state of Texas of cattle
and horse thieves, bands of outlaws,
train and bank robbers. It has taken
25 years to do this, but it has all been
accomplished, and today Texas Is one
of the most peaceable and safest states
in the union in which to reside.
The Escort Company.
In 1S76 Maj. Jones conceived the idea
of forming a company to be known as
the escort company. It -consisted of 30
men, one captain, sergeants, and cor
porals. Most of the men were taken
"D," stationed on the San Saba river, in
September, 1S76, I was a member of
Capt. Dan Roberts's famous company
D, stationed on the San Saba river, in
Menard county. Maj. Jones had reach
ed -this company on his way south. I
wa instructed by our- sergeant, Mur
ray, to report at the major's camp. On
presenting myself, the major informed
me that he had selected me, along with
two other men from company D, to be- J
come members of his- escort; that he i
would probably march on the following
day. and that I would be transferred
that evening, and to make my arrange
Born Nov. 4, 1S56, I tnen lacked just
two months of being 20 years old, and
I remember how my heart swelled with
boyish pride at the thought of being
made a member of the escort, and from
that time on until Maj. Jones was made
adjutant general of the state of Texas,
I marched with this great captain all
over the greater part of the frontier
of Texas, from Brownsville to Red
river, and over a greater part of the
plains. The escort, like Napoleon's old
guard, camped around the major at
night and marched with him by day.
How Bangers Marched.
When fully equipped, the escort was
composed of one captain and 30 men,
including sergeants and corporals. Two
four mule w3ns hauled the camp
equipage, supplies for the men and
forage for the horses. JIhe command
was divided into three messes of 10
men each. To each mess was assigned
two pack mules, to be used when on
indian trails. When on the line ef
march the major, with the battalion,
surgeon, Dr. Nicholson, moved in front;
then came the company marching in
double file; then the major's light two
mule wagon, and the four mule wagoas
trailed behind. At roll call each morn
lug fthe guard was announced for the
14 iours, consisting of & noncommis
sioned officer and 10 men.
An advance guard of two men pre
ceded the command about a mile, and
two men were thrown out on each side
of the column, known as flankers, while
the sergeant or corporal, with the bal
ance of the men, formed the rear guard,
and brought up the pack train. Thus It
was impossible for indians to take the
command by surprise. When marching
we never attempted to follow a Toad,
but traveled by compas.
Lived en Game.
The flankers were allowed to hunt,
and in this manner the command was
well supplied with fresh meat, and it
was no unusual thing to see hanging- in
camp buffalo meat, venison and wild
turkeys. At one time we had in the
command a fine violinist, one man who
picked the banjo and one who played the
guitar. We also had a quartet of sing
ers that would be hard to beat in any
After the long day's march, and when
the guard was posted for the night,
the boys would get out the instruments,
and by the dim camp fire song, story
and music would go round. The major
would often walk down from his camp
and spend an hour with us.
These were glorious days for a young
and adventuresome spirit- It now gives
me pleasure as I look back over the
past to know that I served the state
of Texas as a ranger for seven yeas,
when we had a real frontier, aud the
battalion was at the zenith of Its glory.
It is sad now to record that the rangers
seem to have outlived their usefulness,
and are under a cloud. Better had they
been disbanded 10 years ago, when they
were the pride of the state and every
good citizen in it.
OLDEST A?4D STRONGEST
ifi DOHA ANA COUNTY
First National Bank I
LAS CRTJCES, N. M. I
TRANSACTS A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS
AND SOLICITS YOUR PATRONAGE
OSCAR C- SNOW, Prea. CAPT. S. J. WOODHULL, V. Pres. ana Cash.
ROBERT DROSS, Asst. Cashier.