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oney to Loan
We make a specialty of placing fil'st mortgage
loans on carefully selected El Paso, real estate. We
invite parties who have money to loan and also par
ties who wish to borrow and have good security, to
call on us.
We have had twenty y ears' experience in loaning money on El Paso
property, and have probably placed more real estate loans than any firm
in El Paso. Our loans range from 500.00 to $100,000.00 each, and run
from one to twenty years, interest from 6 to 8, according to size and
time of loan. Interest payable semi-annually. Borrowers to pay all ex
penses of making loan, including attorney's fee.
&3L9 M. e
No. 101 North Oregon St.
FIRST NATIONAL BAH K
United States Depository
Loans and investments JL. .$2,456,954.37
United States-bonds; ,. . JJ. .-, . . .-...- -., 600,000.00
Cash in vaults andexchange. ......... 1,422,658.91
' T LIABILITIES
Capital paid id '. . l- ;V."i $ 500,000.00
Surplus and- rcnits .'. . ...- - 146,687.33
Circulating notes ,. :'. v v -...-.. . .-. ....,. ... ' 500,000.00
Deposits .j. .".:-. ". . .V.1- - - 3,332,925.95
.t .; v.vfo.
C. B- KOEEHEAD, President. GEO. D. FLORY, Caahlst;
JOSEPH XAGOFEU!, V. Pag. C. 2?. 3ASSETT, Vict Pro.
L. J. GILCHRIST, Asst Cash.
STATE NATIONAL BANK
ESTABLISHED APRIL, 1881.
CAPITAL, SURPLUS AlfD PROFITS, $175,000, ,
A Legitimate Banking Business Transacted la AH Ita Brancatfc
HIGHEST PRICES PAID -FOR MEXICAN X03EY.
RIO GRIH8E SRiNDE VILLEY BANK & TRUST GO.
W. "W. Turney, Prest.
S. T. Turner, Vice Prest.
W- Cooley, Y. P. & Mgr. -
CAPITAL, SURPLUS AND PROFITS $150,000
GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS TRANSACTED.
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT OPEN SATURDAY EVENINGS
ESPECIAL ATTENTION TO OUT OF TOWN ACCOUNTS.
CITY NATIONAL BANK
EL PASO, TEXAS.
UNITED STATES DEPOSITARY
- Capital, $150,000.00. Surplus and Profits, $25,000.00
8TFICERS AND DIRECTORS:
V S Stewart Frank Powers H. J. Siemens
A. G. Aa&reae E. Sohlberg B. Blumentoal
J. F. Wmianw J. H. May
YOUR BANKING BUSINESS IS RESPECTFULLY INVITED.
J. H. SatSooe, Pres. Crawford Hcrrie. J. M. Goggin, Vic Pre.
Jehn T. JfcEfcoy, Y. Pre W. 2. Anderson. W. L. Today, Cash.
National Bank Of Commerce
XL PASO, TEXAS.
CAPITAL STOCK $200,000
Tawmgimm, Safety axd Careful Attention to the Wants of Osor Costonera is
the Palicy of This Bank.
If you are desirious of making a loan on your real estate or
if you have a first mortgage that you -vrish to dispose of , -we
-irill be pleased to confer ivith you in relation thereto, as we
constantly have money to loan on good real estate security.
Coles & Bros.
W. E. Arnold, Cashier.
F. tt. Murchison, Asst. Cash.
H. E. Christie, Secy.
Thus Throws? way
. - a
If !s M a
How the Nation Is Reorganizing Its Educational System.
School Books for Four Hundred Millions Big Mcney
for Foreign Publishers China's Earliest Printing
Establishment and Its Composing Rooms Maps,
"Globes and Dumb Bells With the Bindery Girls
Celestial Book Pirates "What the Missions Are Do
ingWestern Novels Among The Celestials The
New Alphabet Chances for American Teachers.
(Copyright, 1910, by
HAXGHAI. China, Jan. 5 One of
the problems which China as facing
is the makim? of text "books. A
public school system, is being established
all over the empire. Academies, colleges
and universities are being organized, and
books are needed for teaching the new
learning. When the system is in full
sway, millions of volumes will be re
quired, and at present there is prac
tically nothing on hand. The old text
books describe the earth as flat, with
China covering the most oi its surface,
and the other countries skirting the
edges. The chief studies of the past
were the reading and writing Chinese,
and the committing to memory the say
ings of Confucius and Mencrus. Today
the nation wants one scheme of modern
education. The government has resolved
that it shall shave it, and a compulsory
system of schooling is to be generally
established. 'Suppose that tomorrow our
president md congress should enact laws
wiping out our -public schools, replacing
them with others vitally different, with
an entire now list of "books. That is
the situation in China toaay.
Books for 400,000,000.
China, moreover, has four times as
many people as the United States. Its
children oi school age are more than
100,000.000y and in the new scheme the
grownups as well as the babies are anx
ious to learn. There are kindergarten
and primary- departments for the little
ones, there are night schools for civil of
ficials, military schools for the army,
and law schools for wouldbe statesmen.
AH these are under --. and there are
no books to feed. them. .The situation
is one of the strangest in history. It
has no counterpart in the -oast, and will
probably have none in the future-
In the meantime books are being im
ported from a half a dozen different
countries. The great school book pub
lishing houses of Great Britain, the
United States and Japan are studyin?
the field and are shipping m translations
of text books of one kind and another.
The facmillans of London and Xew
York have published some, the American
Book company and Ginn of the United
States others; and as for the Japanese,
they are pirating the school books of
other nations and sending them here by
China's Biggest Publishing House.
Up to the -nresent time most of the
modern text books in use have been
made by the missionaries. One of the
largest presses of the far east is that of
the Presbvterian mission at Shanghai,
another of considerable size belongs to
the Methodists, and there are a few of
other denominations. ,
The only large secular publishing
house which lias yet been onranized to
take advantase of new conditions is the
Commercial Press of this citv. It was
established a little more than 10 years
ago. nvith a paidup capital of three-quarters
of a million dollars in snver. It
has since grown until it now has a plant
covering acres and humming with mod
I went out to see this establishment
last week. It lies within two miles or
so of Shanghai proper, on the other sid?
of Hongkew creek. On my way ot it I
drove past a milebr so of the fine for
eign residences, with wide porticos and
galleries about them by, many stores oc
cupied bv Chinese, by schools and col
leges run by the missionaries, and on
out into the country. I was accom
panied by one of the managers, and, with
him, -went through the various branches
of the establishment. t
The Commercial Press as making
everything, from kindergarten lesson
books to English-Chinese dictionaries, j
creoErra'phies and books, of mining enai- J
neering. It has a .large lithographing
plant, where a dozen presses are turning
out school books in colors. In one room
they were printing a calendar for the
Weak Men FR.EE
Send Name aid Address Today
You Can Have It Free aid
Be Strong and Vigorous.
I have in my possession a precsrlp
tion for nervous debility, lack of vigor,
weakened man hood, failing memory
and dame back, brought on by sxcsMMf,
nfc.i&tirAi drfUnis, or the follies of
youth, that has cured so many worn
and nervous men right in their own
homes without any additional help or
medlcine that I think every man who
wishes to regain his manly power and
virility, quickly and quietly, should
have a copy. So I have determined to
send a copy of the prescription free of
charge, in a plain, ordinary sealed en
velope to any man who will write me
This prescription comes from a phy
sician who has made a special study of
men and I am convinced it is the surest
acting combination for the cure of de
ficient manhood and vigor failure ever
I think 1 owe it to my leiiow man
to send them a copy In confidence so
that any man anywhere who Is weak
and discouraged with repeated failures
may stop drugging himself with harm
ful patent medicines, secure what I
believe I? "the quickest acting restora
tive, up sanding, SPOT TOUCHING
remedy ever devised, and so cure him
self at home quietly and quickly. Just
'drop me a line like this: Dr. A. E.
Robinson, 4049 Luck Building, Detroit.
&Iich.. and I will send you a copy of
this splendid recipe in a plain ordi
nary envelope free of charge. A great
many doctors would charge $3.00 to
$5.00 for merely writing out a prescrip
tion like this but I send it entirely
66 Crawley Co.
331 Texas St. EI Pas, Texas
Prank G. Carpenter)
coming year, using 12 different colors,
and in another making cards of many
colors, depicting plants and animals for
teaching the Chinese babies. Much of
the printing was done from stones, but
there -were also large etching and half
tone plants with complete photographic
appliances. In. one -well lighted denart-
! ment I found a dozen Japanese artists
woriving away, anu. m another was
shown machines for reducing drawings
to any scale. Some of the engravers
were cutting out copper plates for new
national currency, and others were etch
ing out plates tor schoolbook illustra
tions. I spent some time watching
them printing bank notes- The litho
graphic stones were placed On the
presses and the various colors applied
in succession, giving sufficient time be
tween the different impressions for the
ink to dry. Where many colors were j
required the sheets were passed on irom
press to press, a separate stone being
used for each color. This was to avoid
wasting time in changing ink, one set
of presses being equipped with red, an
other with green, and others with blue,
yellow or black.
China's Xew Alphabet.
Our alphabet has only 26 letters, and
the characters used by our printers are
compartively few. The classic Chinese
has many thousand characters; and,, in
the" simplest of the school books, sev
eral thousand are used. In the Chmcsa
now in use every character expresses
a word; the language is idiographic;
that is, it Is -written in -words, rather
than letters and syllables. A Chinese
alphabet is now being formed and a
new system of -writing inaugurated.
At present all penmanship is with
a brush and India ink, the brush be
ing held almost perpendicular. About
2000 years ago the people had a pen
manship based upon curved lines, but
this -was difficult to produce by the
brush, and it was practically abolished,
letal pens and fluid inks will now be
brought In, and the old curved will
come into use. This -will practically
kill the brush pen and India ink busi
ness, and a great industry -will go to
The new alphabet is to have 50 letters.
"With it a different system of printing
and writing will come into being, and
the probability is that the typewriter
will be" so adapted to the new system
that it will come into use.
In the Casting1 Room.
At present every character employed
in the printing house has to have its
own matrix and be cast separtely, nnd
the characters are so delicate that they
must be new in order to do good work.
In the composing room I visited, six
different sizes of type were employed,
and of these more than S000 characters
of each style are kept on hand. This
necessitates the making of 50,000 dif
ferent characters, each of which must
I have its own matrix, or die, in the shape
of a brass type from a quarter to a half
inch square and an inch long. This die
is fitted into a casting box, and by turn-
j ing a crank the types are turned out
at the rate of 20 or 30 a minute. -A
score or so of such machines were busy
at the time I went through the stereo
typing department, and their clicking
made as much noise as so many corn j at these meetings and a great educa
shellers. In an adjoining room I was j tional movement might thus be insti
shown the matrices of the books already t tuted. As to the Chinese translations.
published. They filled the shelve;
which walled the sides of a large room
from floor to ceiling. Another room
was devoted to storing electrotype
plates, everything being catalogued and
as systematically rrnged as in one of
our modern printing offices at home.
In the composing room each printer
stood in a little alcove walled with
cases, and he usually had a boy to run
and fetch the types from other parts
of the room.
Witk the Bindery Girls.
I next went into the binding depart
ment and spent some time there watch
ing the girls. There were hundreds of
them, dressed in long blue coats and
wide trousers, with bands of black silk
over their oily black hair. "They sat
at tables, with their little deformed
feet just touching t he floor. They
worked so busily that I remarked upon
it; whereupou the manger, -nho acted
as uur guioe, saiu
e pay them by piecework, and they
have no time to waste."
I asked as to their wages. The man
"Oh, they are making much money,
for them! Some of the best earn $7
Mexican per week, or about $3 in gold.
The average workman is paid about
The?e girls were stitching and sew
ing, folding and pasting, and also feed
ing the presses. Their hours were about
12 per day. The department contained
much modern machinery, and the work
of binding was economical!- done.
The Celestial Hook Pirates
China has no copyright law. I found
the Commercial Press stealing every
thing that its managers think of value
for the new Chinese schools. No mat
ter what the copyrights are, foreign
authors must be content with the hope
that their books may do good, even
though they do not add to their finan
cial receipts. As I looked over the
volumes printed by this company for
the new education I found many well
known American text books which have
been translated into Chinese. I saw
also stacks of my own "Geographical
Readers," published on cheap paper,
with abominable illustrations. I was
told the whole series had been prepared
for the press, and that my books on
North America and Europe were already
in use. The matter has been translated
by the English-Chinese scholars, and,
as far as possible, verbatim, but how
correctly only those who can read the
Chinese teachest characters can know.
As I looked at my books the mana
ger of the company said they sold weil
and that he expected to get a good
revenue from Carpenters' "Asia," which
was men m the press He explained
apologetically that they had been forced
to change some of the literary matter
in the chapters on China, as their peo
ple did not like to be told that they
had buttonhole eyes, pigtailed heads and
deformed feet. He made no bones about
taking my books without pay, and even
offered to make a royalty contract with
me if I would write him a new reader
or so especially adapted to the Chinese
market. I replied that I was very busy,
and he thereupon suggested that the
book could be written tor me in their
office, and that I could revise it. But
in that case they would expect to pay
a much less royalty. I told him such
a proposition was out of the question,
but notwithstanding this he brought it
up again and again, and urged it upon
me at a Chinese dinner which he gave
me that night.
Among the other books in the warei
house I saw piles of Chinese-English
dictionaries. They were in two vol
umes, each as big as an ordinary table
Webster. They are prctically a trans
lation of the Standard Dictionary, which
is so largely used in the United States.
They were edited by Dr. Yau, who has
boen connected with our legation In
Washington. The two volumes are wide
ly distributed; they sell for about ?6
in gold. Pocket dictionaries are also
printed, and a native law dictionary is
now in press. This will be sent out to
the law schools, which are now being
established at all the provincial capi
tals. School Supplies.
After visiting -the editors, I was taken
to another large building, which con
tains a curious brnch of this publish
ing house. It is devoted to school sup
plies, and makes everything from desks
to blowpipes for the chemical labora
tories. It manufactures pendulums,
globes, Indian clubs and dumbbells. The
dumbbells are cast from' pig iron; they
are made in great quantities, and it is
intended they shall be used in all public
Every room of this school book fac
tory is lighted by electricity, and aK
are connected by a telephone isystem.
The machinery Is uptodate, and on the
whole it shows one something of what
Is going on in the new China,
mission School Cooks.
At present a large proportion of the
new text books are printed upon the
mission presses. The missionaries have
been at work in China for a century,
and they have established schools in
all parts of the country. They were
the authors of the first new text books,
and as teachers their graduates are now
in demand. The American Presbyterian
mission press at Shanghai has been
pouring out volumes for a number of
years at the rate of 90.000,000 pages
per annum, and the consolidated mission
press of the American Methodists has
also published numerous educational
works. The American Bible society
distributes between 500,000 and 1,000,000
volumes of the scriptures in Chinese
ea'ch year, and there is now a mission
educational association, supported by all
the Protestant sects, which is preparing
new text books for the schools. At
some of the missionary stations they
are making school museums, including
such things as stuffed birds and ani
mals; mounted fishes, electrical ma
chines, globes and model railways. They
have printed charts of the Chinese
provinces, with the principal indusrries
and resources marked upon them, and
have inaugurated new methods of
teaching the people. Indeed, the work
which the missionaries have done can
not be overestimated, and the situation
here just now is such that money spent
upon missions will return a thousand
fold. A Carnegie of China.
In this connection, a bright woman
clerk of the mission book store of
Shanghai said to me today:
"What China needs more than any
thing else is a system of circulating
libraries, which shall contain the sim
pler books of our modert l'terature, in
cluding the scriptures, concordances and
tne western classics. These people are
r-Ining for the "new learning; but they
are unspeakably poor and cannot af
ford to buy books. The Chinese women
want them. In every community clubs
are already established, where the worn- j
en come together weekly
or daily -to j
gossip and talk. If they could have
such books they would be read aloud
they are cheap. The concordance of
the scriptures costs less than 20 cents
gold, and there are few books of any
kind that sell as high as a dollar."
BBBSllgilig raspy idfW ' -
I "THE W1ISSEY P
II WITH A 11 -
II REPUTATION" I
HI Here Is Absolute Proof o2 El I
that Reputation: B
II Won Three I
II Straight JVIedals I
11 K0HEST AWA1D AT I
I ST. LOUIS, 1904 I
I PARIS, - 1905 I I
I PORTLAND, 1905 II 3
Could ihei-o bo more
convincing ovldence that
QUAKER MAID RYE la 1 t I
the best Whiskey to bo II 111
I If Your Dealer Can ,
lOE CUppiy. iuu, bib
Write Us For Prices 11
I S. HIBSCH II
J DISTILLING CO. L
T KANSAS CITY, HO. VS
I cite this conversation as a sugges
tion for some rich American who would
like to be known as the Carnegie of
Xew Chinese literature.
The inauguration of the new school
system and the new civilization is
bringing in translations of the most
popular books of the western world.
Today 221 novels, originally written in
English French or German, are in cir
culation They have been translated into
Chinese, and the demand for them is
Increasing. In one year 57 such novels
were issued. They included translations
of "yncle Tom's Cabin," Jules Verne's
"Voyage to the Moon" and Charle?
Lamb's "Tales From Shakespeare." One
of the most nonular of the new issues
is Conan Doyle's "Memoirs of Sherlock j
J. Holmes," and another is "Robinson
Crusoe." Among translations from the
French are "Les Miserables" and "Man
on Lescaut," and the most popular Eng
lish stories are "Ivanhoe" and other
novels of Sir Walter Scott. These works
are published on cheap paper; they are
sold by booksellers in the various
cities, some bringing as little as 10
cents apiece. One of the recent trans
lations of this nation sold to the extent
of 400,000 copies, and that within a
3ear; another had a circulation of 158,
000 copies within 18 months.
In addition to novels, some heavy
works, such as Darwin's "Origin of
Species." Spencer's "Evolution," and
(Mill's "Essay on Liberty," are being
published, and the new constitution has
created a demand-for treatises on poli
tics; and parliamentary law.
Dr. C. D. Tennev. formerlv head of
the, Chinese' university at Tientsin, and
now xue uninese secretary oi our lega
tion at Pekln, has published a number
of school books, which are in general
use, including readers, primers and
Why Pay Others for Failuras
WE MAKE NO MISLEADING STATEMENTS to the
afflicted in order to secure their patronage, but WE
GUARANTEE a. complete, safe and lasting cure in the
SHORTEST possible time and at the LOWEST COST
possible for HONEST, SKILLFUL and SUCCESSFUL
We accept only curable cases and you Can Pay When
OUR SERVICES COST YOU NOTHING UNLESS YOU
iRE CURED AND SATISFIED. It is because our
I TV-ll-triCrl AffprftlTTO TTitllOrlo OTTUTT!
I cent of casQs that we are able to give
whiah other -specialists do not offer.
S GLEET, VARICOCELE. HYDROCELE,
"--"-' iU'lLun, i-iOOUXVC. U-LiV-EjXV, X' .. AXjUi XHJU il-ttlii3 SLJIO. Sill XttA-
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ables we have
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Iti Mail Order Guide
A HANDY DIRECTORY OF RELIABLE
AND PROGRESSIVE FIRMS OF EL PASO
El Paso Trunk Faefory
geographies, and Mr. Wylie, of the Lon
don mission, has prepared a complete
series of text books and mathematics in
the Chinese for the Japanese transla
tors. A large number of the new transla
tions come from the Japanese. The
written languages of Japan -tnd China
are somewhat similar, and the Japanese
scholar learns quickly to speak, read
nad write the Chinese. In the Commer
cial Press editorial room a large num
ber of Japanese men are employed as
translators, and I find Japanese teach
ers in all the Chinese educational cen
ters. Much of the new school furniture
has been made in Japan, and a large
number of the modern maps and charts.
The Japanese teachers will work for
lower salaries than other foreigners,
and this is one reason for their em
ployment. As a rule, they are not thor
ough, and the probability Is that they
will eventually be replaced by Ameri
cans. Englishmen or Germans. I look
for the steady increase In the nnmber
of American teachers. There are hun
dreds of Chinese now studying in the
United States, and there are many
American-Chinese graduates in China.
All of these have a high regard for our
methods of education, and they would
favor the selection of our college grad
uates as leaders for the new schools.
Frank G. Carpenter.
The busiest and mightiest little
thing that ever wa3 made is Chamber
lain's Stomach and Liver Tablets. They
do the work whenever you require their
aid. These tablets change weakness
into strength, Hstlessness into energy,
gloominess into joyousness. Their ac
tion is so gentle one don't realize they
have taken a purgative. Sold by all
cm a IrtT-rrr -rcY--
RUPTURE, SCROFULA, ECZEMA. EPILEPSY. NER-
VTH'-C: T'I7'T3TT TT V T3T fCT TlATC-nv CfimTrnrrmirt
CYSTITIS, ENLARGED PROSTATE!
si. Sundays, 9-1 only.
our line of Electric Port
marked down the prices to
gaie price j5
; Sale Price $35
Sale Price $15
Sale Price S9
San Antonio St.
Automobile Tires, Tubas ana Sundries
CEAI&, O'DONHELL is CO.
Chamber of Commerce Building
EADEE & ALEXANDEE
rnone &. w. 611. Auto 2127
0SEUKKS AND BAGS
Trunks, Bags and Suit Cases
made, repaired and exchanged.
Opposite postoffice, across
Plaza. TeL 1054: Auto 1966.