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EL PASO HERALD
Established April. 1881. The El Paso Herald Includes also, by absorption anS
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pion, and that evil shall not thrive unopposed.
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Bi f. tmi mutiny! i
El Paso's Skyscraper Era
THE sound of the hammer of the wrecker is making music throughout the
business district of El Paso. While the wrecker is busy, he is no despoiler
he is wrecking the old and the worthless, to make room for the new and
The ancient adohe and the tottering old one story brick are in the way in
modern El Paso. The day of the skyscraper has arrived, and nothing hut sky
scrapers will do. Substantial reinforced concrete, rock and brick structures of
three, four, five and even seven and eight stories in height are being erected
throughout the business section. El Paso demands the room. Growing, busy,
expanding 21 Paso is crowded. The vacant lots downtown are all taken up and
the old shacks must be demolished, hence the need for the wrecker. He is the
advance gent of the new era that has dawned in El Paso.
It is a cause for congratulation throughout the entire community, the rapidity
with wut.h the city is advancing and the substantial nature of the advance. The
Herald's real estate and building columns today give ample evidence of the activity
-throughout the city, but especially in the downtown section, in the business region,
s the progress apparent in an unusual degree. The steady growth in the residence
section 1s taken for granted; it was expected, certain, but the growth and im
provement in the downtown district so rapid and extensive has been absolutely
astonicling to the average observer. The Herald has noted with much satisfac
tion tic splendid progress that has been made in the very recent past in El Paso
and has been prepared for the present era of expansions and development, by far
jie greEtisst in the history of the city. It was due and expected. Now it has
On eery- comer, on every street between corners, everywhere in the business
ruction of SI Paso, the activity in a business way is apparent. Where old houses
c not fcc-2g torn down to give place to new ones or new ones are not being
c S.zQ. wtere old ones once stood, there is the noise of the hammer and saw
c. ie nn at work on alterations of store frontsv-making more room, putting
in new snow windows, putting up new fixtures, or in some way keeping step with
the stride of progress and growth that is upon the city.
And all around, where only a year ago stood shacks that were relics of the
village days, are now towering structures, modern in every respect, with shining
plate glass fronts, swiftly moving electric elevators, crowded corridors and offices
all taken- And many business and professional men are looking for offices and
ytore rooms. '
And throughout the warehouse district, warehouse after warehouse has been
brought into being, only to prove too small and call for the erection of another or
an addition to the original; also factories have sprung up over the city and in its
suburbs in the past few months in a manner that could indicate nothing else on
the part of capitalists but the deepest faith in El Paso and the most roseate view
of the future prosperity of the Southwest and the assured position of El Paso,
the distributing center.
El Paso values were never more stable, the outlook was never brighter and El
Paso realty never seemed to be a better investment than now, and by El Paso is
meant El Paso and the entire region around El Paso, for the valley lands are
increasing in value and worth as fast as the city property.
Copper stocks took a drop in price yesterday, but it was only a scary mar
ket Things will be all right again, for copper stocks are solid.
El Paso needs that girls' boarding school; it is worth working for. Theboys'
military institute has proved that such scchools in El Paso are a success.
Clovis is an example of the rapidity with which the New Mexico towns are
growing. The Herald's account yesterday of some of the accomplishments in
that new community, was as startling as it was full of facts.
It .begins to look like all the cigarmakers are going to becomecitizens at
once, thei way the applications are piling up at the courthouse. On the "poll tax
list they ought to make splendid "Mexican fillers-"
Chamber Of Commerce Board
EL PASO would hate to lose Mr. SIcNary from the board of directors of the
Chamber of Commerce also other equally good members but the senti
ments expressed in his letter of refusal strike many people as being very
It is true, as has often been said, that many members refuse to serve on the
directorate for one reason or another and that the work is therefore practically
forced upon those who are willing to sacrifice their time. But every member of
the chamber should feel it a duty! to the city, to himself and to his associates in
membership, to accept such a position and work for the upbuilding of the city and
its institutions and industries.
As Mr. McNary states, when new men take positions upon a directorate, they
always bring with them new ideas and plans, and it is well to have rotation in
office, especially when some of the members have been called upon year after year
to serve, to the detriment even of their own personal and business affairs.
Perhaps that Texan who traded 100,000 acres of land for 100,000 gallons of
whisky was a Kentuckian after all.
The milk, butter and eggs people saw the writing on the wall and cut the
price. The meat boycot is effective.
Roosevelt never went to the trouble of issuing a statement to quiet Wall
street. 3ut perhaps it is just as well that Mr. Taft did.
One byj one the pioneers are passing away. The good old souls who blazed
the way for Greater El Paso will soon be with us no more.
Douglas has a "Don't Worry" club. What would be the use worrying if the
members do all the things they are said to be doing?
It will not be long until it will be ex-governor Curry. The people of the terri
tory mil write it with regret, but as it has to be, they are glad that his successor
is such a worthy -nan as W. J. Mills.
People wouldn't mind the lightning if it would always uncover oil veins as it
did for that Texas woman up in the Panhandle. If this thing keeps up, some of
us will-be running up lightning rods to catch our share. '
La Tana win soon be advertising herself as a metropolis. She has a depot
now. And first thing one knows these days after these western towns get a
depot, they have electric lights and street cars. "It do beat all the way they
to subscribe for
The Herald should
beware of impos
ters and should
not pay money to
anyone unless he
can show that he
Is legally author
ized to receive It.
f t i j
UPON" the jovous Xew Year's day I threw my briar pipe away. I said, watfc
conscious rectitude: "The smoking habit's base and lewd; it taints the
breath and soils the teeth, and often stains the chin beneath; the smoker s
tongue is badly seared, and he has clinkers in his beard; of nicotine he is so full
no self-respecting cannibull would eat him raw, well done or rare: and e en his
neckties and his hair, his hat, his breath, and trouserloons,
Suggest plug-cut Jtnd euspitoons. And so I throw my prpc
THE LOST awav, upon this gladsome New Year's day; my fraends no
PIPE more will have to choke and wheeze in my tobacco smoke.
Since then the davs drur slowly on; it seems as .though ten
years have gone; I walk the floor the long night through, and
jealous, watch the kitchen flue for it can smoke and hold carouse, and not bust
fortv-seven vows; the cookstove makes my vitals gripe, for it can use its trusty
prpc". Thus far I've kept the tow I swore, but do not tempt me any more; don t
wdk of cabbage on the place, or ilaunt ana
Capyricht. 1909. by George Matthews a
The Boss Of the Establishment
The Cook Leaves and He Solves the Seriant Girl Problem.
By A mere
fefc""H!" exclaimed the "Wife of the
I J Boss of the Establishment as
that august personage crossed
.the threshold of his home, "something
perfectly dreadful has happened!"
"You don't mean to say the cook has
left!" ejaculated the Boss, who had a
His "Wife nodded speechlessly. And a
moment later, with a subconscious
realization that she had taken him "for
better or worse" and must live up to
her contract, she added: "But never
mind; we can get along beautifully
without her." tt
"Certainly," acquiesced the Boss, we
can go out to dinner. "Where do 'you
want to go?"
"But we won't go out," his "Wife re
torted. "You used to make fun of me
for going to cooking school while we
were engaged, but you'll be glad of it
now. I've cooked all the dinner myself!
Guess what there's going to be!"
"All the delicatessens of the season,"
the Boss answered glibly; "potato salad,
dill pickle, sliced ham. sardines, cream
cheese and strawberry jam," he enu
merated. For this was not the first time
that their household had found itself
without a head otherwise a cook.
"Don't be silly!" the Boss's wife en
joined. "I decided we'd have a nice lit
tle party all to ourselves. Come into the
dining room and see, for it's all ready."
Meekly, reluctantly, the Boss followed
her. and in the middle of the table be
held a smoking chafing dish flanked
by all the delicatessens of the season
as he had predicted.
"What is it?" he asked, fearfully, af
ter they had seated themselves and he
had removed the copper cover from the
central delicacy. And then, suiting the
action to the inquiry, he endeavored to
sound the cream colored contents with
"Huh!" the Boss remarked as a hol
low sound regarded his efforts and the
spoon skidded along the undented sur
face like an unchained tire over ice
bound asphalt. "Huh! Doesen't some nl-tro-glycerine
go with this to blow it out
of the dish? "What is it, anyhow?"
"It's a rarebit, of course." his wife
answered In ,a superior tone. "Ion't you
like it?" She added menacingly, "I did
everything the cook book said, and it
ought to be good. In act, I'm abso
lutely positive It is."
"Snre it is!" said the subdued Boss as
he struck a terror driven spoon into the
mixture and passed a clanking chunk
I to his wife.
Now the Boss's wife was not an epi
cure. Good food to her meant slmply
food partaken of in the Boss's company
when that person was in good humor.
So she coiled a few feet of rope cheese
around her fork, smiled Ingratiatingly
at the Boss, and remarked sweetly: "I
think this is great, don't you? I never
knew I could cook as well as this. Sup
pose we never have another cook? How
much money we could save! Just think!"
But the poor Boss was at that mo
ment beyond all thinking. He did not
(From The Herald of this date, 1S36)
CITY HALL JANITOR HAS
TILT WITH THE COUNCIL
At the meeting of the city council
last night a petition was presented by A.
B. Peticolas stating that thieves bad
carried away the doors and window
sashes of his grocery store, on North
Kansas street, near the Southern Pa
cific railroad crossing, and asking that
;f ho nrntoctPd Thp building has been
vacant for some time, and in a dilapi
dated condition. Janitor Sliipiey com
plained that In using part of the city
hall for the office of justice Catlin the
spectators spit on the floor and caused
him double work. He asked that jus
tice Catlin be instructed to pay him
$5 per -month for cleaning the court
room but, Instead, he was notlfed that
If he'did not like the job he could quit
Citizens are contributing generously
toward the expenses of the Bryan lec
ture at the opera house tonight. It is
expected there will be a large attend
ance. , .. .
Walter Williams, the negro shot by
Her. Grigsby, is still in the hospital.
The doctors removed the eye which had
been pierced by e bullet. I
J. S. Tebbetts. formerly general pas
senger and ticket agent of the Union
Pacific railroad, is in the city on busi
ness. The Story Of the
KNOCKERS HAVE HAD TO
'Once upon 'a time there was a village
that 'grew to be a city, not like a
mushroom, more like a healthy cabbage.
It grew, and grew.
There were many boosters in this
city, and some knockers. But the town
grew in spite of the knockers, and the
boosters really did not need to boost.
It grew anyway.
And every time a new office building
shot up ,into the air somebody said:
"Goodness me, they will never fill it."
But the new office building was filled,
every floor and every room.
And other buildings r.ose skyward,
and still some cave dwellers said: "We
are growing too fast." But the build
ings were filled with stores, and there
were a plenty to buy things in the
stores. And the merchants grew fat
This particular city still is growing.
But the boosters are not resting. And
the knockers are hiding In the caves.
And the city grows, and grows in
spite of the boosters, the knockers, the
- no. in my iuwj
want to offend his wife. He eyed fear
fully the rarebit she had set before him.
He knew himself to be between the up
per and the nether millstone, but he
felt -that to eat that rarebit would be
to swallow them both.
"Where did you learn to make such
a delicious dish?" he Inquired diplomatc
ally as he sparred for time with a dill
It took the Boss's wife five minutes
to tell him all about the cooking school.
"But you're not eating anything," she
ended reproachfully. "I don't believe
you like it!"
"Like it!" the Boss echoed. "Why if s
great! I know o'f one place only where
you can get a better one, the cosiest lit
tle place with the finest Hungarian band
and the most picturesque decorations
and little alcoves portioned off just for
two. You'd go crazy about it. I must
take you some time," he added care
lssly. "Oh, when?" his wife inquired eager
ly. "It sounds perfectly lovely and I can
wear my new fish wife' dress. Oh, when
can we go?" .
"Tonight "as well as any other time,"
said the Boss, "though it seems a pity
to leave all this fine dinner you've pre
pared. It will all keep, though, except
the rarebit, and you can use that up in
the mouse trap."
"Oh. aren't we going to have the love
liest time!" gurgled his wife. She danc
ed away to get ready, and the Boss
smiled the slow, silent smile of the diplo
mat. Next morning when the Boss met the
Confirmed Married Man he said: "Our
cook left last night. I was glad of it,
though, for it gave me a chance to show
mv wife how easy it is to solve the
servant girl problem. Til tell you It
Copyright. 1910, by the New York
Evening Telegram (New York Herald
company). All rights reserved.
L. M. Sheldon, the owner of the Shel-
j don block, arrived in the" city this
j morning, and will spend some time here
;ias the guest of H. B. Stevens.
Assistant general passenger agent
j Sloat, of the Rock Island, is in town
j The system of house to house collec-
' tions by mail carriers Is to be put In
j effect in El Paso next week.
1 A solid silver chalice and paten have
! been presented to the Church of St.
.; The jefe politico of Juarez has given
; orders to the chief of police to arrest
1 all persons caught treating animals.
j The Cycle Track association will
hold a meeting tonight at McCutcheon,
j Payne & Co.'s store.
This afternoon at -the park the El
I Paso juniors and the Las Cruces team
are engaged in a game of football.
A large well Is being sunk in the
Masonic section of Concordia cemetery.
It is expected that a large crowd of
sports will go to Las Cruces tonight
to witness the Maher exhibition.
Metal market Silver. 67c; lead $2.90;
copper, 8 3-4c; Mexlcau pesos, 54c
TAKE TO THE CAVES
cave and cliff dwellers in spite of It
self. It cannot be helped. Nothing can
stop it now; it's bound to grow.
Moral Don't worry. The healthy
child will grow in spite of quack doc
tors, petting aunts and cynical parents.
Everything grows everything that is
good and strong.
Investigation of the Ballin-
ger-Pinchot Matter is
Washington, D. C, Jan. 2G The di
rect manner in which the Ballinger-
Pinchot congressional committee of in
quiry purpises to deal with Its work
was evidences today in' summoning
Louis P. Glavis as the first witness.
Glavis is the dismissed field agent
who preferred the charges against sec-
LONDON, Eng., Jan. 26. "Down with
the lord's!" cried the Liberals and
Laborites during the parliamen
tary campaign. "Down with social
ism!" was the retort of the Conserva
tives and Unionists. The Liberals tried
to keep the political battle centered
upon this one issue the Conservatives
devoted their energies to directing the
public interest to other problems.
The house of lords was clearly an
Issue in the campaign, however, and -t
Is probable that Its fate is sealed. One
of the peculiar features of this peculiar
campaign has been that each party pos
sessed an issue which seems certain
of ultimate success, regardless of the
results now. The Liberal campaign
against the house of lords will end,
eventually. In the abolition) or reform
of that chamber; and the Conservative
advocacy of tariff reform cannot fail,
eventually, to have its effect upon the
British fiscal system.
"Down With the Lords."
"Down with the lords!" became the
battle cry of the Liberals when the
house of lords, despite the accepted
theory that the lords had no right to
interfere in financial leg'slation, reject
ed the Lloyd-George budget In Novem
ber by attaching an amendment calling
for a dissolution of parliament and a
general election. Although the lords
made much of this referendum and
pleaded its popular appeal In reply to
all charges of unconstitutional action,
they and their supporting party tried
to make the election turn on other Is-sues-
"Down with the lords!" was shouted
from every stump, was blazoned on
every wall, was preached from many
pulpits, was reiterated in every Liberal
newspaper. But it is still true that an
Englishman dearlj- loves a lord, and
the campaign did not create onetenth
the excitement along this line that
might be expected by a republican
House of Lords.
The house of lords is an institution
entirely unique in the world, since c is
the last legislative chamber in which
membership is held by right of hered
ity. Every other monarchy on earth
has abolished this principle, for, al
though in several European and Asiatic
states there is an upper house com
posed exclusively of nobles, yet the
voting members must be selected with
a view to their personal fitness for the
business of legislation.
The house of lords has, under the
British form of government, three dis
tinct theoretical functions. The peers
are, first, a council of advice to the
sovereign; second, the supreme court of
appeal in all legal matters; and. third, a
branch of the legislature. Their func
tion as a council of advice to tho crown
is a mere fiction, that office having
been usurped centuries ago by the
privy council, which In turn lost its
power, by gradual stages, during the
17th and 18th centuries, to the cabinet
or ministry, which still retains all the
power to advise and control the sov
ereign. The Suprene Court.
As the supreme court of appeal, the
622 peers of the house of lords have
delegated their powers to four law
lords, and, curiously enough, these four
are not property peers at 'all. The 622
lords not having the necessary legal
knowledge, industry or patience to at
tend to this business, it has become
customary to appoint great lawyers as
life peers, their titles not descending.
These law lords sit as the supreme
court of the United Kingdom, and have
the same relation to the jurisprudence
of England that the supreme court of
the United States bears to that of Amer
ica. Tet there is not a case which comes
to this highest court in which any or
all of the 622 peers might not sit If
they were so disposed. All that pre
vents their packing the supreme court
In this manner is precedent and a cus
tom, but It Is not so old, nor is It con
sidered so sacred, as that other con
vention and custom which was disre
garded when the lords rejected the bud
get. Prince. Archbishops, Etc.
The house of lords consists of three
princes of the blood royal, two arch
bishops, 22 dukes. 23 marquesses, 124
earls," 40 viscounts, 24 bishops, 336
barons, all of England. In addition
there are 16 representative Scotch peers
chosen by the whole body of Scottish
peers; 28 representative Irish peers,
chosen In the same manner, and the four
legal Hfe peers. This makes a grand
total of 622. Of this number not more
than 100 .at the outside, have anything
to do with the business of the house on
The majority of the peers never visit
the house at all, unless summoned for
some unusual occasion, like the coro
nation of a new sovereign or the re
jection of a bill sent up from a Liberal
house of commons. When the Conser
vative party Is In power the lords do
nothing. The bills from the house pass
without question. When the Liberals
come Into power, the lords awake to
activity and they have managed, in one
way or another, to block or mutilate a
retary Ballinger in connection with the
Cunningham claims in Alaska, which
also resulted in the dismissal of Gif
Although the proceedings are not
scheduled to start until 2:30 p. m.. the
demand for seats in the big room In
the senate office building commenced
early this forenoon.
Following today's session, the com
mittee probably will meetFridays and
The committee is starting with abso
lutely a clean slate.
All that has been said or written
will be disregarded, and a case against
secretary Ballinger or anyone else upon
whom the attack may turn, must be
developed, "in court." although no
strict rules of evidence will be al
lowed to exclude any character of tes
timony. Garfield Opposes Ballinger BUI.
Before th esenate committee on pub
lic lands, former secretary of the in
terior Garfield opposed the bill sub
mitted by secretary R. A. Ballinger au
thorising the secretary to withdraw
public lands from settlement pending
recommendation to congress for legis
lation in reference to them.
Mr. Garfield declared that legislation
o fthls character was not needed as the
president has authority to withdraw
public lands believed to contain valu
able timber or mineral or to be valuable
for the development of power.
NEGRESS MURDERED: BODY
PLACED OX THE RAILWAY
Austin, Tex., Jan. 26. Fearing to
move the body of a dead negress from
the tracks of the Houston and Texas
Central passenger train on the Llano
branch Avas held up here this morning
until a justice of the peace could be
found to authorize Its removal.
The woman had been dealt- a heavy
blow upon the head, and her body
placed across the tracks.
There ls no clew.
and VII The English Elections.
goodly portion of all Liberal legislation j -w- ONDON. Eng. Jan. 26. It is pe
proposed since the reiorm bill of 1S32. I cullarly an English anomaly that
Three Peers a Quorum. j J I tj,e British parliament should
Only three pears may constitute a consist of one chamber which is the last
quorum of the house of lords, and less OQ eartfa tQ recogllIze a hereditary
than 20 have more than once negativea Tight tQ le&lslate and another chamber
the work of the commons without con- i whIch ls tne most truly reSponsiblc to
sideration or argument. In one instance j publie opinion of all the legislatures
the representatives of both parties from ln the worla The houSe of commons
bcotland were supporting a om ""-"
applied only to Scotland. It passed the
house of commons unanimously and was
unanimously rejected by the house of
lords, 17 peers being present, because,
as one of the leaders said, "We had
rather have the word of one Scotch peer
than of all the people In Scotland."
Claim of Commons
- . .,. . 1 TT
in it n. in uie reiBi, u m -. tions. is imposed; and since land hold
und Immediately after the house of lords rg may vQte Jn e constituency
and the king had been "stored, the here Qwn t The limited
commons passed a resolution claiming suff whIch shuts
absolute control over the finance of and th , sffrage, which gives the
the nation. This exclusive right was votes, as well as tJie
never afterward seriously disputed un- , enAJ .. if "
II the toflf";jd-S! : ranged without due regard to popuTa
udget. But until 1832. under the cor- .. nfftt thn ,af ,
rupt elections and rotten borough sys
tem, the peers actually controlid the
house of commons.
Since the enactment of the reform bill.
which was passed against the terrific
opposition of the lords, the two houses
have been growing further and further
-Rut alwavs until now. tne
lords have admitted that the commons
had the exclusive control over the
finances the sole power of the purse
strings. The crown has admitted this,
the speech from the throne always ad
dressing the commons separately when J
discussing revenue and disbursements j
That the sudden use of this mori-
bund power was revolutionary is proved
by the fact that it was generally con
sidered an impossibility. Less than IS
months ago, in the commons. Mr. Bal
four, who led the campaign for the
lords, said: "We all know that the
power of the house of lords is limited
by the fact that it cannot touch these
money bills, which, if It could deal with.
no doubt it could bring the whole exe-
cutlve machinery of the country to a
standstill." The late lord Salisbury, a
preeminent Conservative leader, said in
1894: "The house of lords takes no
share whatever in that which is the
most important part of the annual, con
stant business of every legislative body
viz., the provision of funds by wh
the public service is to be carried on,
and the determination f the manner in
these services are to be carried on."
Taxes "Voluntary Gift."
William Pitt, In 1766, in speaking
against the American colonies stamp jemnly that tne king has decided ha
act, said: "The taxes are a voluntary J needs a new parliament, that he has
gift of the commons alone. In legisla- ' managed the whole business on his own
tlon the three states of the realm are volition. When this proclamation Is
alike concerned, but the concurrence of , signed, writs are immediately dlspatch
the peers and the crown to a tax is only j ed to the sheriffs, mayors and returning
necessary to clothe it with the form of officers, who are to hold the elections
a law. The gift and grant is of the in the various constituencies,
commons alone." In fact, this princi- Candidates have been actively en
ple of the constitution never had been gaged in the campaign for several
questioned from the time of Oliver i weeks, usually, when the writs are is
Cromwell until it was found necessary j sued, but they are technically known
to do something to prevent tne principle
of taxation of land values from becom
ing a part ot the British system of
In 1893, under the leadership of 3Ir.
Gladstone, the commons passed a home
rule bill for Ireland. T1J' lords sent
out a wild alarm and many peers who
never before had seen the inside of the
chamber attended to vote against the
bill, which was rejected by a vote of
419 to 41. Since that time the lords
have rejected and amended many bills
sent up from Liberal commons, never
those from Conservative houses.
Then came this much discussed Lloyd
George budget. Another alarm was
sounded, and the "wild peers," as they
are called, trooped ln. Many of these
backwoodsman peers, who noid t-
right to vote In a legislative assembly
by virtue of birth, had never before
taken their seats, and dozens of them
did not know how the division, or pro
cess of voting, was conducted. The
budget was rejected by a vote of 350
to 75. Even then there were 197 lords
not present or not voting.
While the Conservative par.j- attempt
ed to place the emphasis upon other
questions, it did not shrink from its
task of defending the lords, despite the
old speeches of Mr. Balfour, Mr. Cham
berlain and other leaders, which were
!y quoted by the Liberals. One
leaflets circulated by the Na-
tional Union of Conservative assocla
tions, said: "Why not abolish the house
of commons because it orten vetoes tne ornate must be nominated by a pro
legislation of the house of lords? The j poser, a seconder and eight assentors, all
house of lords has the older standing, j 10 of whom must be registered voters
the greater intellect, and, above all, the j In the constituency. On the day of the
freedom to jconslder questions on their
own merits alone, which the house of
commons, subject as it is to electoral
caprice, ban never have." That hun
dreds of thousands of copies of this
leaflet were distributed broadcast
throughout the kingdom is proof suffi-
cient that the Englishman still dearly
love a lord. Nevertheless, a great many
Englishmen are thoroughly In earnest
when they cry: "Down with the lords!"
... q,. 4.. q.i uie, tne snerut asks for a show of
-ft t hands and then the candidates demand a
Jp GOO GOO EYES, BILL Poll. The poll is ordered for the day
.5. BAILEY AND "SUDS." v , previously agreed upon and announced.
4- i Within one hour after the nominations
4 A Story of the Day's News. 4. , the candidates must deposit with the
.. 4. j sheriff a sum, varying from $500 to
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.414.422.214.171.124.4.4,1 $5000. according to the size of the con-
1 stituency, to secure the payment of the
"Just because she made them goo goo t expenses of holding the election. All
eves," he soused in the wealthy water. ( V?e expenses must be paid by the can
He bathed in it. dldates on a bill presented by the sher
rte oauieu m il. iff or other retnrnIng officers. On the
"Ain't that a shame, but tnat couldn't day these nominations arfr ma tho -
be helped. He hit the coke for fair.
x?,.- hA rinir ir
"Won't you come home. Bill Bailey,"
she said. But he was down in China
town with the rats, puffin the pipe. He
puffed with the best of pill cook's. And
then he broke his yen.
'Ain't that a shame?" again he said,
He broke away all right. But you
know old puffin partner he fell to the
liquid ban-she. Soon he was on the
gun. But he chucked the morphine in
the street, and then
"Just because she made those goo
goo eyes," he fell to the Tiffany wa
ter again. And then he fell to the suds,
and then "Gimme some o' th' nickle
tea" you know.
And so he broke his yen soaked his
gun, sprinkled the coke in his shoes.
But he couldn't break the booze yen.
He hit the mirror back joint every
night, and packed a jug home every
And now he has -gone "over the
road," not to the joint with more oars
than glasses, but to the down and outers
bunk house. His name is Hugh Can
non, and he bought his oooze sellin'
coon songs. He s ln a poorftouse un
in Michigan. "Just because she made
them goo goo eyes."
T5f 11 " ITaitV sfr-r TKnAU va 1 t .
"'" "w .c ui.. living, uu not
poor old Hughey Cannon.
"Aalu't that a shame?'
; is not an ideally democratic Institution,
. but ,t lg mogt sensllve ,to the puollc
... . .fc . hoen ndor conditions
of political purity not approached in
j any other country.
J The suffrage in England s not what
i Americans would consider democratic,
I since a complicated system of property
I mini I'f f SW ?J-fcTt C 1'r VYn a- t. JX '. -.j-n-
' ""-., .".ijiiu& il uiJJ.ci.ctit ou-
tlon. constitute the chief faults of th
British parliamentary electoral system.
But the corruption and indecent poli
tics which disgraces the elections ln
many other countries, and in many parts
I the United States, is almost entirely
"". " uwk. zniS purity ot ciec-
tions Is secured by what Is known as
the corrupt practices act, an outgrowth
of the reform bill of 1832, which wa3
placed on the statute books in lSS3r
and which has been made even more
stringent by subsequent amendments.
The machinery by which the British
, house of commons Is elected differs al
together from the political and electoral
i machinery of the United States, but the
mfan? taken to prevent corruption
might be employed even in America.
The 670 members of the house of com
mons are elected from constituencies of
various populations counties, bor
oughs, cities and universities. When a
parliament dissolves by limitation at the
expiration of seven years, or when a
dissolution is brought about by the
death of the sovereign or by some ex-
traordlnary political crisis in which an
upped.1 tu tne country" rorces an elec
tion, the queer mixture of ancient usage
and modern methods composing the
British election system is set to work.
Proclamateln of Election.
The king issues a proclamation on the
day the ministry, tells him to do so,
ordering writs for the election of a new
parliament, and fixing a day for the
meeting of the new legislature. All the
essentials are attended to bv th min-
' istry, bht the proclamation declares sol-
onxj as prospective candidates." A
memDer of narliament rtns nnr hx-o
to live in the constituency which he
represents ,and. indeed, the- majority of
the members "sit" for some district
where they do not reside. Nevertheless.
I "carpet baggers" In more talk about
carpet Daggers" in England all the
time, that phrase having been borrowed
The political party organization in the
United States, by which precinct com
mittees build up to the all powerful
state and national committees, is whollv
unknown here. English politicians have
nothing but scorn for the American sys
tem, which, they say, binds the local
committee as a slave to the national
organization. Yet. in ngland, the local
committees ask -ne national committee
to select a candidate for them! Imagine
the Democratic congressional committee
of the 3rd district of Arkansas asking
a national committee for a congression
al candidate, and tnen tamely accepting
an antediluvian New Hampshire Demo
crat brought out of the museum for
that purpose. That is what the Eng
lish politicians call local freedom of
Nominations and Polling.
When the writs are Issued each sheriff
of a county, mayor of a borough or re
turning officer of a division annoinr
j a day for nominations and another day
j for polling. This may be any time after
live uays ana Derore 20 days from the
j time of receiving the writ. Each can-
J nominations a meeting is held, attended
by the candidates.
The sheriff or returning officer asks
for nominations. If only one name is
presented, and the nomination Is in prop
er form ,the sheriff declares that noml-
j nee to be duly elected a member of par
liament. In this fashion. Jospnh fha.
berlain. being unopposed, was elected
the first member of the new parliament.
i which will sit on Feb 15.
jul il mere is more than one candl-
Htical party committees suspend aetiv-
by formal resolution flAin.
themselves nonexistent. After the elec
tion they are reorganized.
Member May Be Unseated.
But the succes-sful candidate's seat Is
not assured. He is elected and may
take his seat,, but if every provision
of the corrupt practices act has not been
j nier. then a petition may be started
wherein a number of electors mv al
lege violations of the act. If the" alle
gations are substantiated, the member
Is unseated and is rendered incapable
of holding any office for the term of
seven years, and he may be further fined
The corrupt practice act limits the
amount of money a. candidate may
spend In his campaign, limits specifical
ly the things for which this money may
be spent, and makes the candidate re
sponsible not only for his own acts, but
for those of his agents and supporters.
Each candidate under the law is re
quired to appoint an election agent, and
all campaign expenses must be paid
through this agency. Expenses may
range from $1750 to $9000. according
to the population and area of the con- .
All claims for election expenses must
h, oKmSffcri ii -ru-.fo. -n-fi-Mn
14 "das's after the election, all such
claims as allowed by a court mast be
paid within 2s days, and fun ana com-
(Continued on Page 7.)