Newspaper Page Text
EDITORIAL AND MAGAZINE PAGE
Monday, January 31, 1910.
Established April, 1881. The El Paso Herald Includes also, by absorption and
succession, The Dally News, The Telegraph, The Telegram, The Tribune,
The Graphic, The Sun, The Advertiser. The Independent,
The Journal, The Republican. The Bulletin.
MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS AXD A3IER. XEWSP. PUBLISHERS' ASSOC
Entered at the El Paso Postoffice for Transmission at Second Class Rates.
Dedicated to the service of the people, that no good cause shall lack a cham
pion, and that evil shall not thrive unopposed.
KES. j '
Advertising1 department 116
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Daily average 10,
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r Advertisers has
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tine figures of drculahon guaraateed.
Is Suicide Or Murder Excusable ?
IS THERE an excuse for murder and suicide under certain conditions? A
prominent physician has declared that there is such an excuse for both.
Other doctors will disagree with him and some others will agree. Other
laymen will disagree and other laymen will agree. He made the statement
before a convention of ministers. It is certain that the ministers disagree with
him most of them anyhow but if they did, they failed to get up in meeting and
say so and silence, the old proverb says, gives consent.
Dr. Edward Anthony Spitzka, professor of anatomy at Jefferson Medical col
lege and one of the leading brain specialists of the country, before the Clerical
Brotherhood of tie Protestant Episcopal church at Philadelphia, is the man re
sponsible for the two very bold statements.
The doctor was asked if there is any distinguishing feature in the brain of a
"No," replied the doctor, "jthere is no appreciable difference to indicate any
such tendency. The brain of the suicide is generally! normal, except in the case of a
victim of alcoholism, in which case the alcoholism will show.
"1 believe that in some cases a person is jutified uTcommitting suicide and I
3o not think it would be held against them in the hereafter.
"Take, for instance, a person doomed to die from cancer and suffering torture.
In that case I think there would be no responsibility attached. A spying soldier
sentenced to be hanged in the morning, I think, would be justified in dispos ng of
aims elf before an ignoble death.
"Then, again, take an engine man caught under his engine in a train wreck,
with a fire rapidly approaching. He would be due to go in a few minutes, anyway,
and I feel that a physician would be justified in giving him a grain of morphine
to relieve him of his sufferings."
There is at least room for discussion as well as food for thought in the remarks
of the doctor. Maybe the time will come when he will be vindicated generally,
specially in his suicide theory. Who knows?
Farewell, soldier boys. El Paso's best wishes follow you-
The Texas Irrigation congress has a live man at its head in M, L. Swinehart,
of Pecos. '" x
Farmers of all classes .will find interesting news in The Herald'Sv Saturday dry
Bible reading is not necessary to be a religious reader; you can be a religious
reader of the sporting columns Jf you want to.
There is going to be a rivers and harbors bill this year, which means that there
will hardly be a public buildings bill and that El Paso will have to wait for the new
The Texas Dry Farming congress will vmeet in Eagle Pass the last Wednesday
n August. Every town in west Texas should prepare to send delegates. This
work, next to irrigation, will do more for west Texas than any other movement
Prosperity In Northern Mexico
CHIHUAHUA is showing a great awakening in the mining field of late, indi
cative of the general faith the public has in mining conditions in northern
Mexico and this part of the country in general.
The heavy investments of the Pearson syndicate and the beginning of work on
the extension of the Sierra Madre railroad has had a great deal to do with the re
sumption of mining activity in northern Mexico; Dr. Pearson is looked upon as a
man of sense and judgment and his investments in Mexico have had the effect of
assuring other capitalists that Mexican investments are safe; then the fact that his
railroad is to be built through many districts now isolated has given further im
petus to the movement.
The Heaald on Saturday printed news of the enlargement of two Mexican
smelters one at Terrazas and one at Chihuahua and also the fact that extensive
operations were to be commenced on the old Veta Colorado property. These an
nouncements follow several others of a like nature in the last few days and show
that northern Mexico is awakening and doing its share to increase the general
prosperity of the southwest of which El Paso as the commercial center, will get
Get on the honor roll subscribe to the young women's home) fund.
EI Paso has one question that is always present and it is not a dry one, either
it's the water question.
It would be unique to read of a murder trial these days and not see either the
self defence or the unwritten law plea.
Let us hope that burro patrol doesn't get the Shriners the he haw at New
Orleans. , '
The Herald prints the best mining columns in the southwest more news and
all of it accurate. The Herald's mining news is written by a man of lifelong ex
perience in the' camps of this section.
' o H
Fido is now in the class with, the school boy after vacation is ended- his days
of pleasure are over. It is a muzzle for Fidov if he poises his nose out of the front
That Dalhart printer who saw three
many people in that there were tails to
without much provocation regardless of
The meat prices are dropping under the boycott, it appears, because the deal
ers are anxious to get rid of their stocks, but the packers are not shipping in any
thing and as soon as the demand is resumed for meats, the prices will be where
they were before.
The increase in values on Sonora street as a result of the decision to open San
Antonio street ought to be proof enough of the importance of these street openings,
and ought to warrant further openings where they are needed. It is better to open
all such streets now than to wait five, ten or fifteen years and open them when
the cost will be several times as much.
." .2020 2020
VI I V T T T I I U
to subscribe for
The Herald should
beware of lmpos
ters and should
not pay money to
anyone unless he
can show that lie
Is legally author
ized to receive It
examined and certified to
comets the other night only differs from
what he saw. Lots of persons see stars
the sky's condition.
WE HAVE often roasted Xero tihat he .played his violin, while his native
Rome was ourning and the-firemen raised a din; there he sat and played
"Bedelia," 'heedless of the i iery storm, while' the fire chief pranced and
sweated in liis neat red uniform. And f often think that Nero had a pretty level
head; would tine iire (have been extinguished had he fussed
around instead? Would t(he fare insurance folks have loosen
NERO'S ed un a sheket more, had old Nero squirted water on some
FIDDLE grocer's cellar door? When there comes a big disaster people
straightway lose their wits; tihey go round with hands
J " a-wringing, sweating blood and throwing fits; but the wise
man sits and fiddles, plays a tune from end to end, for it never pays to worry ov er
things you cannot mend.. It is good to offer foattle -when catastrophes advance,-it
is well to keep on scrapping wthile a fellow1ias a ohance; but when failure is as
certain as 'the coming of the dusk, then it's wise, to take your fiddle and fall back
on "Money Musk' v
Copyright, 1909, by George Matthews
Washington, D. C, Jan. 29. Now,
about that historic remark of the gov
ernor jDf North Carolina to the governor
of South Carolina:
For some reason or other they don't
seem to make that observation so much
latterly. The fact has been noticed in
cidental to' the gathering of governors
In this town this week.
Gov. KItchin, of North Carolina, was
shaking hands with the Honorable Some
body Else, when Gov. Ansel, of South
"Now," observed an outsider, "I want
to know whether history repeats it
self." "No; we frown an the demon rum In
my state now," declared Gov. Ansel.
"Certainly not; we have been caught
in the wave of moral reform," declared
"Whereupon nobody said a word about
the excessive lapse of time between liba
tions, nobody took a drink, and the
story got circulation that the governors
of both the Carolinas, if not abstainers,
come so near It that nobody has been
able to pot a highball over on either
of them since they came to town.
The governors' gathering has been
curiously Illuminating as to this matter
of people's attitude toward the busi
ness of drinking drinks. Statistics gath
ered during the meeting indicate that
more than half the governors don't drink
at all, and several of the others posi- '
ttWE Tq )
tively refused to line up in front of a
bar to take theirs, .though some of them
uiu. sip a. oil tt euuic ui nic uumauuii
banquets extended them.
But the punch the wonderful punch
that was served everywhere they went,
with concentrated anarchy in its every
drop, with rebellion in a drink and
revolution in every half pint It must
be conceded that their excellencies cer
tainly "fell for it" regularly.
And then they carried it around with
the dignity which would befit persons
cccustomed to taking something more
or less regularly. The social observers
have given it up In despair. They can't
explain, except that the barkeepers ut-
terly failed, and the pretty girls at the
;AIik DOIXG WELL.
x.nn. Cor. 'MVioial VNT "M1 StnndnrrL
, x . ,, . t rrhii
El Paso is to have another -banker his
makes eigni. sucn msuiuuuua -"
From Bisbee (Ariz.) Review.
Annthfir eood rain during the
two weeks would put the farmers and
stockmen of the Sulphur Springs valley.
in line for a prosperous , year. Many
new settlers are coming to the valley
and many are getting ready to make a
thorough test of irrigation by pumping
from the underground water supply.
WOULD BENEFIT ALL.
From Raton (N. M.) Reporter.
A gladsome note wafts In from Ari
zona. It, is announced that there Is
1 great activity among the big copper
producers of the Globe oistncr, wim w
cent copper in sight. This means a
stentorian calUfor coal and coke from
Colfax county, for which we have bent
the listening ear these many moons.
WATER FOR MORE LAXD.
From Phoenix (Ariz.) Republican.
Gov. Sloan has been assured by the
seorotsrv nf the interior that funds will
be provided for the reclamation of 20,
000 acres In the neighborhood of Ran
ker, by the instalation of pumping
plants this year. Before many years
the "Parker country" will have added
several millions of dollars to the tax
able wealth of Arizona.
SOME EARLY HISTORY.
From Army and Navy Journal.
In reading the chapter on the close of
the war of 1812 in their story of the
21st United States infantry, writn
bv Capt. C. E. Hampton, of that regi
ment (who married Miss Pascal, of San
Antonio, Texas), we are remindcl of
the very warm protest we received some
time-ago from some enthusiastic wom
en associated with a patriotic order for
having suggested that commodore Mac
donough had not been properly honored
for winning the battle of Lake Cham
plain, while a great monument had been
erected to commemorate the part played
by Gen. Macomb in defeating the col
umns of Sir George Prevost. Capt.
"Hampton, who might naturally be ex
pected, as an infantry officer, to give
full weight to all the claims to primary
importance for the land forces, writes:
"Gen. Macomb's troops successfully
checked the assaulting columns of Sir
. ,KLW I
With The Exchanges
, Denatured Poem
punch bowls fetched the governors every
The most unfortunate man in congress
is Andrew J. Peters; of Massachusetts.
Mr. Peters is beginning to believe that
there is a conspiracy against him.
Mr. Peters has carried more undeliv
ered speeches on his person than any
other member of the house. Time after
time he has appeared on the floor, load
ed down with law books, his pockets
bulging with manuscripts, his brain
almost bursting with statistics; immac
ulately attired and prepared to enlighten
the country. He has remained patiently
at his desk waiting for his time to
No less than half a dozen times has
Mr. Peters carried back to the house
office building law books, manuscript,
etc., due to the failure on the part of
some one to give him a chance, to speak.
On one occasion Mr. Peters actually
did get two minutes to speak on a na
tional subject. A member of the Re
publican side asked him a question re
garding the platform of the Democratic
party. If the question had been pro
pounded to an old timer, the old timer
would have brushed his interrogator
aside and kept right on talking. Not
so with Mr. Peters. He picked up a
book and went searching for his party's
platform. He was about to read it when
the gavel fell and the presiding officer
declared that Mr. Peters' s time had ex
Mr. Peters's latest attempt to make
a speech was when the Mann "white
slave" bill was up for consideration.
He was loaded to the guards with in
formation. His desk was piled high
with law books; he had on his speak
ing clothes and chairman Mann had
given him half an hour. His secretary
had distributed printed copies of his
speech. Mr. Peters was certain he would
be heard this time, but a brother Demo
crat got the floor, kept It for an hour,
and when Mr. Peters arose. Sereno ' B.
Payne, fLoor leader, aflso arose and
moved that the house adjourn, which it
did with alacrity. , '
Mr. Peters hopes to speak before he
retires from congress.
George Prevosr, yet had the result
j hinged mainly upon the engagement on
fland it is evident he would sooner,, or
Jater haye been forced to succumb' to
the crushingly superior numbers
brought against him. But Sir George
was watching with greater care the
outcome of the contest on the lake.
"There Macdonough was completely
victorious." Prevost thereupon retreat
ed into Canada. Americans that would
depend upon an untrained miiltia to
protect the country from Invasion
should read this chapter by Capt. Hamp
ton, that they might understand the
pitiable condition to which this coun
try was brought by its dependence up
on "an aroused people," who too long
havbeen held before the American na
tion as a satisfactory substitute for a
trained army. Capt Hampton gives de
tails regarding the little known part
that the smuggler, Jacques L.afitte,
played in the battle of New Orleans,
when Jackson defeated the British
forces under Gen. Pakenham.
Lafitte had gathered about him on
Barateria bay, just west of the mouth
of the Mississippi, a little colony of
reckless men. British agents there of
fered him advantageous terms for his
assistance, but Lafitte went to Jackson
with a promise to aid him on condition
that the general and the governor of
Louisiana intercede with the United
States government to obtain immunity
from prosecution fnr ra9tt offenses.
Having received the promises of these
officials, he marched his men to the
American camp, where, being trained
artillerists, they did great service In
the battle. Lafitte obtained the im
munity he sought, but was always re
Several years later, having been made
governor of the port of Galveston by
the new republic of Texas, he became
incensed at what he regarded as 'the
espionage and Interference tof the
hJTnited States, and set sail from that
port, saying he might as well ' be a
pirate as to be so regarded. Soon after
wand he was killed In a fight with a
British sloopofwar off the coast of
Pays $20 for 3Ienl.
Nashville, Ind., Jan. 31. David Orn
steinr who fed and housed a tramp one
cold night in the winter of 1904, was
surprised when the same man reap
peared at his house and asked for din
ner. After the tramp ate his meal he
handed Ornstein a $20 gold piece. The
man said he had prospered and had
determined to revisit Ornstein in the
guise of a tramp and show him that
sometimes generosity to a wayfarer is
31?5 -"n (JustRsI )
fep- -Jir '
KNOCKING FOR STATEHOOD
Arizona, With lis Vast
FOR fully a third of a century Ari-
zona has been hoping and work
ing for statehood. At last it
stands on the threshold of realizing
this ambition, and it is asserted that
no other territory has come Into the
union with a more splendid past or a
more promising future.
Here irrigation is touching the soil
as Moses touched therock with his
rod. Here the mineralogist finds fab
ulous hidden wealths-Here the geologist
sees the world's best story of its own
Written in books of stone in its can
yons and gorges and petrified forests,
In characters which the expert may
read, is the account that nature gives
of the unnumbered millions of years
since America -emerged from a shore
less sea. The four greatest of sculp
tors fire, water, -sand and wind have
united to make Arizona a treasurehouse
of wonders The debris of their studios
has npt been cleared away, hence It is
the geologist's paradise.
Record of the Past.
Here, too, the ethnologist and the
archaeologist find wonderful records of
the past. The ethnologist can picture
a people who lived but little removed
from the stone Vige. Through the workr
( of the archaeologist he is permitted to
study the surroundings of cave dwell
ers and cliff dwellers who lived in
times so remote that even tradition is
dumb as to whence they came or whith
er they went. In fact, one wonders if
he does not survey at one glance the
whole existence of man from the time
of Adam to this .yar of grace 1910.
The dry, preserving qualities of the
atmosphere have kept intact ruins that
elsewhere might have crumbled Into
dust thousand of years ago.
But Arizona is more than a nature
written record of bygone ages. It is
as much a land of tomorrow as of yes
terday. The plants of 'jthe tropics commingle
with those of northern climes, and the
growing things of the desert associate
with the fruitage of the valley. Nature
has stored up mineral wealth of untold
value. Gold, silver, precious stones,
copper, lead, zinc and coal are all here.
rnv.AHA f. . ... . .. t t- nf
xjicic 10 cupjjcr iii suuii juum.iues as
to justify the prediction that the Ari
zona ranges henceforth will lead the
The work of the government in con
structing the great irrigation project of
the Salt river valley will make this
one of the foremost Irrigated regions
of 'the world. The famous Roosevelt
dam is one of the parts of this project.
It Is located across the canyon of the
Salt river, almost 70 miles northeast
of Phoenix. It rises 276 feet above bed
rock, and is so Intersticed with the side
walls of the canyon that it seems al
most a part of the everlasting hills.
Over 300,000 cubic yards of solid
masonry, and nearly as many barrels
of cement, have entered into its con
struction. The water it impounds will
form the, largest artificial irrigation
lake in the world, with the single ex
ception of the one which will be formed
by the Elephant Butte dam, near Engle,
This lake will hold enough water to
cover 1,284,000 acres of land one foot
deep. The average amount of water
required to grow a season's crop fs four
feet, and all but some io inches of this
must come from the mountains through
the rivers that drain the watersheds.
The government builds the Irrigation
works and gets its money back from
the sales of land and water.
The Yuma project is almost as large
as the one at Salt river. The Colorado,
mad from its wild rush down the Grand
canyon, is impounded, and its waters
scattered over the desert, transferring
the barren waste into a land of sur
Creat Reclamation Work.
It Is said that Arizona has the largest
unbroken forest In the world. It lies
within the San Francisco mountains and
the Black Mesa forest reserves, and
contains over 6000 square miles of tim
ber land, In addition to this there are
other vast areas of timber that stretch
far north of the Grand canyon.
The work of the reclamation service
is converting millions of acres of land
into a veritable Eden, and intensive
farming will make possible a density
of population undreamed of in any re
gion where Irrigation Is unknown.
Egypt, with less irrigable land than
New Mexico and .Arizona, with no for
ests, no minerals and next to nothing
in the way of manufactures supports a
population of 11,000,000 souls; at the
same time paying a tribute of $3,000,
000 a year to the sultan, maintaining
an army of 30,000 men, and paying in
terest on a bonded debt of staggering
proportions. With Its giant dams and
reservoirs, Arizona may well be expect
ed to rival In productiveness the far
famed valley of the Nile.
Home for Ovtriclies.
The Salt river valley ranks with
South Africa as a home for the ostrich,
and 80 percent of all the ostriches in
the United States are to be found in
this one little section. More 'han -000
baby ostriches of last year's hatch "are
(From The Herald
JOE SWEENEY SECURES
LICENSE TO PRACTICE LAW
County clerk Parker nearly lost his
ranch buildings at San Elizario yester
day. Some trash was being burned in
tht rear of the buildings and the Sparks
were carried to the houses by the wind.
A Wcket brigade saved the buildings.
Fitzsimmons experiences no uneasi
ness over his coming fight with Peter
Maher. He says that he defeated him
with onex hand and now can surely do
it with two.
Joseph U. Sweeney filed application in
the district court today for a license
to practice law.
Ihe auditors who are going over the
city books, have., found no errors and
will finish their work within the speci
The.Jiobies have once more begun
insulting women on the streett.
The McGinty band will hold its reg
ular practice itonight.
There 'will be a mass meeting in the
district court room tonight for the pur
pose of deciding upon ways and means
to get the railroads to give special rates
during the coming fistic carnival.
Walter Williams, the negro is out of
the hospital minus one eye which the
surgeons extracted after he was shot.
The warm weather has started the
grass to growing and tuffs of it are
seen creeping up through the cracks
In . sdewalks.
Rev. Ira P. Sanky spoke again at
Chopin Music hall last night discussing
Several people seeing the new gas
By Frederic J.
now growing to maturity, and the bet
hatching and growing records of South
Africa do not surpass those made by
the Salt river growers.
The feathers are among the finest in
the world, and the profits are large.
The birds are plucked every eight
months, and a mature ostrich gives a
pound of feathers at each plucking.
The annual sale of feathers from each
bird amounts to about $37. Gov. Sloan
states that the business of ostrich
growing seems capable of indefinite ex
pansion in al the valleys located like
the Salt river region, and that the
world's principal supply of plumes for
milady's bonnets may yet come from
Embraces' Larfce Territory.
The territory of Arizona will make
no mean stat in point of size. In fact,
only the states of Texas, California and
Montana, of those now in the union, are
larger. If "Wiseon&ln and Michigan were
united into one state it would be no
larger than Arizona, and Iowa and Illi
nois together are not greater in size.
The New England btates New Jersey,
Delaware, Maryland, Virginia and West
Virginia might all be placed within
the confines pf this great southwestern
Utah is trying to get possession of a
part of Arizona. The Grand canyon
effectively cuts off the northern part of
the territory, so that It is valuable
only as a grazing country and a re
gion of undeveloped wealth. Recently
the legislature of Utah passed a memo
rial to congress in which it was set
forth that this region Is owned princi
pally by Utah people; that the terri
tory of Arizona cannot get across the
Grand canyon to govern it, and that
the cattle, sheep and horses grazed'
there are owned by tax dodgers, who
drive their herds 'and flocks into Utah
when the Arizona assessor -comes
aroupd, and back to Arizona when the
Utah assessor would list them.
Asserting that Arizona gets no bene
fits from this country, and that It Is
i-TiTcIolltr ravt onfl ntrfl of Utah.
though legally belonging to Arizona, it
is asked that the Grand canyon be
made the boundary. But congress Is
not in a mood to subtract anything
from Arizona, and the memorial of the
Utah legislature will find a convenient
pigeonhole in which to repose.
Beauties of Grand Caayon.
It is useless to attempt to describe
the splendors of the Grand canyon.
Every great American descriptive
writer has exhausted his vocabulary
in trying to picture it. Maj. Powell
plucks up Mount Washington and hurls
It Into the canyon, and lo, the waters
are unchecked: then, figuratively, he
throws In the Blue Ridge, and still the
raging Colorado goes Its way.
Charles Dudley Warner, wearying of
description, tucks away the Yosemite
In a side gorge and calls it lost. Then
he brings back Babylon and its hang
ing gardens, and declares their beauty
to be mere homllness as compared
with the canyon of the Colorado. He
can only find a fit comparison by peer
ing into the future and conjuring up
visions of the New Jerusalem.
Meteorite mountain, with Its crater a
mile across and a furlong deep, pre
sumably made when some comet's core
hit the earth. Is ever an object of in
terest. So Is the trail worn deep In
the adamantine rock by he moccasined
feet of prehistoric races, telling a story
of millions of -travelers before the age
of tradition. The irrigation canals or.
prehistoric races still may be traced by
deep worn furrows in solid rock, where
the quiet flowing waters ran on for
Population of 200,000.
Arizona will start out as a state with
a population of about 200,000. The
actual present day values of the terri
tory are estimated at about a half bil
lion dollars. It has some 60 banks,
every one of which is said to be pros
pering. There is much promise that the his
tory of southern California will be re
peated. In fact, many of the people
who helped transform southern Califor
nia into a land of wealth are now go
ing Into the Yuma region on account
of the opportunities that offer there.
In the wild sections of Arizona there
is a peculiar little animal known as
the hydrophobia skunk. In its quest
for food it visits the camps of tourists
and cowboys, and sometimes it will
attempt to eat the toe, or nose, or ear
of a sleeper. Its bite is followed al
most invariably by a fatal attack of
The Prairie Dop.
The prairie dog abounds, and as a
tempting morsel of food It is to the
Arizona indian what the 'possum i3 to
the southern negro. The Indian has a
novel way of capturing the nimble
prairie dog. A small mirror is placed
near the mouth of its hole. When his
dogshlp comes out, the Image is taken
for an intruder, and immediately there
starts a onesided fight. While the dog
engages in this unusual battle, the In
dian creeps into close range and trans
fixes him with a shot which prevents
the little animal from falling back into
of this date, 1836) i
burners at the music hall last night,
thought they were kerosene lamps which
had caught fire and wanted manager
Leitch to throw them out.
Serviano Madera contribxttted $3 to
the tramps' Wienerwurst fund thia morn
ing for mixing Mexican gin wth his
There was another chapter in the
rainstorm serie? last night but the sky
was bright and clear this morning.
The county commissioners will be
asked to open the registry lists afc once
for voters in the coming city election-.
The soup house started yesterday with
a washboiler full " of soup. Uncle
Smith fed four persons and took in
The way people are coming to town
Indicates that "ere long there will uot
be sufficient accommodations for the
Henry- Kelley and1 justice W. D. Howe
entertained a number of friends at the
soup house this morning regardless of
Metal market: Silver 67 c; lead 3.90;
copper Sc; Mexican pesos 54c.
From Columbus (N. M.) News.-
The rapid "settlement of the Mlmbres
valley within the last 60 days has been
remarkable greater than at any other
time since the valley was offered for
homesteadlng. and In all, the prospects
seem brighter than ever before.
New Mexico, Land Of
FEW states have come Into the union
with greater promise of future
development than New Mexico. So
vast is Its domain that 100 Rhode
Islands could be tucked away within
Its roomy boundaries with still enough
space left for a Massachusetts. In pop
ulation it claims nearly 400,000, and of
wealth almost a half billion dollars.
Webster' Falme Propfeesy.
Could Daniel Webster come back to
earth long enough to learn the facts
about New Mexico and California, he
would conclude that "he was neither a
prophet nor the son of a prophet. Aft
er the Mexican war he inveighed with
all the force of his powerful oratory
against accepting California and New
Mexico as Indemnity. He said It was
as sure as death arid taxes that neither
of . them would ever be worth a dollar,
and. he beseeched and implored, en
treated and demanded that all this "sage
brush" be not made a part of the
United States. He said that our chil
dren's children would not live to see
New Mexico the home of 'more than
60,000 souls. Yet Arizona was made
in the main from the territory of New
Mexico, and together they have over
Land of TarqHob Sky.
New Mexico Is Known as the land
of the turquo'is sky. The records 1
ihe United States weather bureau show
that no other region in America has as
many hours of sunshine. The federal
government has shown what It thinks
of the climate by establishing Its prin
cipal army and navy sanatorlums there.
Thousands of afflicted Americans jour
ney there for pulmonary troubles, and
someone has alliteratively styled it "the
land of the lunger."
Former senator Teller, of Colorado,
tells the prize story about the climatic
benefits of New Mexico. Once he had
a serious throat ailment that threat
ened to take from him the record of be
ing the most persistent talker in the
senate, so he journeyed to New Mexico.
He afterward declared to friends that
thrc t trouble .began to .get better
soon after he reached the New Mexico
boundary, and that by the time he
reached his destination ha felt as well
as ever. The result was that he came
back to the senate to use his famous
"Ah, Mr. President," a few thousand
times more before his term of office
Like Arizona, the territory of New
Mexico Is famous for its geology and
for its prehistoric ruins. Its geology
tells of millons of years of world mak
ing, and affords examples of how even
the solid rock may grow. The face of
the Sandal mountains, which lie toward
the Rio Grande, shows a record of 5000
feet of perpendicular geology, each foot
of which may have oeen thousands of
years in the making.
West of Mount Taylor, toward the
Zuni reservation, erosion has bad a gi
gantic playground, and it is aid ta'"
nowhere else on the earth has it played
such, phantasies. The teeth of time,
wind and water have been busy for
more million years than the geologist
Oldest Toivk la Ne-sv World.
It Is said that New Mexico possesses
the Oldest living town In the new world,
if, Indeed, its founding does not ante
date Babylon, ,NInevah or any of the
other cities of ancient story. It Is the
little Pueblo town of PIcuris, once a
flourishing place of thousands of in
habitants, but now having only about
30 denizens of the passing- race the
last links that bind the prehistoric past
with the living present. The ethnolo
gists conclude that ere long the last
leaves of the withering tree of the
Pueblos will have fallen, and that a
noble race will then live only in tradl-
Race suicide has become an epidemic
among the younger Pueblos race sui
cide in the shape of intermarriage with
the Mexicans. These marriages produce
a progeny which forgets about the
Never did a high caste Spaniard or a
proud English nobleman protest more
vehemently against the Intermarriage
of his children with mean born people
than does the old Pueblo against these
matches that obliterate his racial Iden
tity, but his opposition meets with little
EBerMeas Crep Yields.
That comparatively little of the area
of New Mexico has felt the influence
of civilization is shown by the fact that
of its 78,000,000 acres of land less than
500,000 acres are under actual cultiva
tion. But its river valleys, once their
famished sands are satisfied with
-draughts of water from the big Irriga
tion lakes, reward the irrigstionlst a
thousandfold. Water is the only magic
necessary- to transform them from
parched deserts "of hot sand to veritable
bowers of wealth producing vegetation.
In return for -the water to stlsfy
their thirst they give barley that stands
seven feet high, oats whose heads meas
ure 30 Inches, pears weighing 19 ounces
each, peaches that will balance a pound
of gold, watermelons that weigh 40
pounds each, and cabbage heads that
tip the beam at 42 pounds. At the
Louisiana Purchase exposition the
peaches of New Mexico were awarded
first premium in the face of the compe
tition of California and all the south.
The Bee ladastrx.
These blooming valleys stir the busy
honey bee to unusual activity, a single
colony of them making the beekeeper
more than 100 pounds of honey & year.
In one case an average sized colony
stored 196 pounds of prime honey In a
single season. The mountains and
woodlands which skirt the valleys offer
a rich field for the old fashioned be
hunter, since thousands of colonies that
have escaped from their hives have
taken up their abode there.
New Mexico leads all the American
states In raising Angora goats. Two
of its prize winners exhibited at the
St. Louis exposition were remarkable
for their fleeces. One yieldeAxH pounds,
which sold for $43. The other sheared
16 pounds, 10 pounds of which sold for
$5 a pound.
The introduction of the Angora goat
Into the United States was durinar the
I administration of president Polk. The
sultan of Turkey sent for a man to
come and experiment with the raising
of cotton in that country. The cholca
fell upon Dr. James B. Davis, of Co
lumbia, S. C, and his work was so sat
isfactory that on his departure from
Turkey the sultan presented him with
nine Angora goats. This small flock,
was the foundation ot the Angora goat
Industry in this country, there now be
ing over 1,000.000 of the little animals
in the United States and Alaska. -Rio
Of the several irrigation projects un
der way 'In New Mexico, the most im
portant Is the Rio Grande This pro
ject Is partly in New Mexico, partly in
Texas and partly In old Mexico. The
(Continued on Page Twelve.)