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EDITORIAL AND MAGAZINE PAGE
"Wednesday, March 16, 1910.
JB-JL-4 JL. JtrSbX-?
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The Albuquerque "Protest"
EL PASO need have but little fear from the protest of the Albuquerque people
against the.EJepnant Butte project. It is the New Mexico people who need
to have a care the people of that territory who reside-on the Mesilla valley.
The Albuquerque people are working against their own residents.
El Paso is assured of water through tie treaty of the United States with Mex
ico for an equitable division of the waters of the Rio Grande. El Pasoans wera
pressed to accept the proposed international dam, which could have been con
structed sear here and much cheaper than the Elephant Butte dam, but, moved
by a desire to see as much prosperity as possible in the region roundab out, El
Pasoans joined the Mesilla valley people in the effort to secure the Elephant Butte
dam. This was approved and ordered built and the government is going to
All that the Albuquerque people can do is protest; little satisfaction it will
give them, and they are welcome to what they get out of it. The injury, if any
should ever come, will be to the New Mexicans in the Mesilla valley, residents of
the same territory as Albuquerque, not to the El Pasoans nor Texans.
The United States is pledged to give the Mexican people a certain amount of
water from the Rio Grande; international law demands this. The United States
will fulfill its obligations with Mexico and the El Paso valley will get water at the
same time; that is assured.
The Mesilla valley will also get water, but not due to the aid of the people of
its own territory While Albuquerque and the northern part of the territory fight
the whole project, the El Pasoans have been and are still working for it as a
whole. The Mesilla valley will probably learn for all time as a result of this fight,
just where to look for its friends. El Paso has declined to take a settlement with
a dam at El Paso; it las stood for Mesilla valley reclamation too.
The building of the Elephant Butte dam does not prevent the people to the
north, up about Albuquerque, from irrigating their farms from the river. They
can build diversion dams and irrigate all they want to; they are merely prevented
from constructing storage dams to catch water that would interfere with the big
international project. The people in that northern region are not now irrigating
one-tenth of the acreage that they might irrigate if they tried, and although they
have had the water for 200 years and more, they have never tried extensive irri
gation systems. Mexico, Texas and the Mesilla valley have been irrigating as far
back as history runs, and they are entitled to continue it, through rights they
acquired By prior discovery and usage. ""'
Albuquerque should recognize the equity of the entire matter, and probably I
does, but the sound of the hammer is sweet music to the ears of many people,
hence the. knock.
Now we are going to "have another trust, an electrical trust. Shocking.
It is probably better news to the friends of Cannon than it is to the friends of
Taft that the two are backing each other up.
Woman's partiality for the mail 'tis ever thus resulted in the betrayal of
a secret again and the revelation of the whereabouts of stolen silverware.
It certainly does not seem like the best of business management when a school
board runs into debt $40,000 one year and doubles the amount the next. We are
in danger of seeing our schools go into bankruptcy, maybe, and teachers's warrants
selling at half price.- v
It is astonishing that a letter should be 35 years in reaching its destination in
the United States in this day of fast trains and faster postal clerks. It would not
have been so shocking if it had been a telegram turned over to some messenger
The Engineer Heroes Of Peace
mfT TK s matter nf rn-neTafnlsHnn that
I enginemen of the west is going to be arbitrated. The union men who are
handling the wage questions with the railroads, deserve the full measure of
credit for their fair mindedness in accepting the offer for arbitration.
These men had asked for arbitration at first, but were refused by the railroad
officials, according to report, and had every provocation after they had decided
upon a strike, to carry it out and contend for their full demands. In many cases
this would nave been done and, while the result would more than likely have been
arbitration in the end with no better conditions granted for the man, many union
organizations would have insisted on striking.
Hot so these level headed engine men; they were willing to arbitrate the mat
ter even at the very last moment, and when the railroads called upon the govern
ment for intervention in the interest of arbitration, the employes readily accepted
the proposition. They showed that they had the consideration of the public in
mind, and that they did not wish to be plunged into a strike that might involve
many thousands besides their own members in industrial strife, until the last effort
bad been exhausted. The employes had offered arbitration, but had been refused
they had exhausted every effort and had ordered a strike; then the" railroads ap
pealed for arbitration and the employes accepted the appeal.
There will be no strike; the men will have their cases heard by an unbiased
jury, and what is considered just will be granted them; the country will not be
plunged into another great industrial fight; there will be no tying up of freifSt and
an industrial stagnation and there will be no occasion for sympathetic strikes and
suffering of families of strikers. The country will move on in the even march of
progress, the enginemen the heroes of the hour.
If some people could work the lightning,4-they would pull off many "mysterious
deaths." v -
It is to be hoped that the new attorney general, Lightfoot, is not the .same
in weigat that he is in foot. ' - " '
Pay your tax on Fido, put down that new sidewalk and set out the trees
before it is too late. Be a good citizen.
Just to prove that El Paso is developing in every way, the railroads are
compelled to announce largely increased" business into the city this year over the
corresponding months last year and 1909 was not a bad -year itself.
Although Anna Gould is divorced from count Boni, a French court has just
"held that she must continue to pay his parents $5600 a year, which she agreed
to settle upon them when they gave their consent for the wedding. Serves her
risht; it ought to be more.
t a 1 JLgJ.
to subscribe for
The Herald should
beware of impos
ters and should
not pay money to
anyone unless he
can show that he
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ized to receive It.
pubUcaaoc The detail 1
the Assodfttioa. No A
..,... ...... , ft &
Tm nitPcHnn nf -rsracma nf firomim -ma )
E HAD a little organ there, the which I watched him grind; and oft he
cried, as in despair: "Please ihelp me I am blind!"' I muttered, as nis
music rose "He olavs in irisrhtful luck!' And then I wont down in my
c1obhes. and gave him half a buck. A friend came rushing up just then, and said:
"lou make me ache! You are the easiest of men that beggar is a fake! The
fraud has money salted down more than you'll ever earn; he owns a business
block in town, and he has farms to burn." I answered: "Though the beggar own
a bankroll large and fat, I don't regret the half a bone I
threw into liis hat. I see a. man who looks as though
THE the world had used him bad; it sets my jaded harfc aglow
BEGGAR. to give him half a scad. And though that beggaT man
' may be the worst eld fraud about, that makes no sort of
odds to me; that isn't my lookout. I'll stake Tom, Harry,
Dick or Jack, whene'er he comes my way; my conscience pats me on the back, and
says that I'm O. K. But if a busted pilgrim came to work me, in distress, and I
inquired his age and name, his pastors street address, and asked to see the docu
ments to prove he told no lies, before I loosened up 10 cents, my conscience would
arise and prod me till I couldn't sleep, or -eat a grown man's meal; and so the
begger man may keep that section of a wheel."
Copyright. 1909, by George Matthew a
"Bridge Game Not So Popular,
By Lafayette Paries.
THAT has become of the old
time games, such as J-iOn-don
Bridge Is Falling:
Down,' and others that children used
to play when 1 was a boy?" asked
Father, ripe for further instruction,
as Son enters with -his usual grist of
owl like wisdom.
"Takes a wiser guy than a kid to
play the bridge game these days," re
torts Son. "Only a few of the people's
popular voices up at Albany have got
the dope down fine."
"Seems to me I've heard of a caTd
game called bridge." murmurs Bright
side. "The legislators don t use cards. Dad,
oecause you can't tie a chunk of long
green on a piece of pasteboard without
attracting the attention of Mr. Innocent
"Playing cards always did appear
to me like time wasted," asserts Father.
"That's the way our hired men at the
state capitol pipe the lay, I guess. Their
little game of bridge is played with
envelopes each and every one holding
its bit that feels good to a man with
sugar fingers," explains Son.
"You don't mean that grown men play
for sugar?" Father queries incredu
lously. "It's the kind of sweet stuff that will
buy houses and lots, bring Teal food
on silver trays, put money in a bank,
lift mortgages from the old homestead,
choke a horse when wrapped up in a
large roll and perform other apparently-
feats that only real money is sup
posed to pull off." answers Son, assum
ing a flippant attitude toward the root
of all evil.
"And do these few favorites spend
much of their time on that sort of pas
time?" Father wants to know.
"Nix on their own time for the merry
little game of bridge, when they can
use the people's," Son responds.
(From The Herald
Work Starts on Rio Grande Road;
Burglars Steal Jewelry and Clothes.
Col. Masten, the new engineer for the
Gulf, Rio Grande & Pacific railroad,
which Col. Locke proposes building, said
this morning that he would stalt out
tomorrow -with a corps of 10 men sur
veying the line to Mazatlan.
Word has been received from Pecos
to the effect that J. B. Miller, of that
city, was shot at while sitting in the
rear of Bucchols & Comparot's store.
This Is the third time Miller has been
shot at, but as in the two former in
stances, he was not injured.
The hotel option committee is busy
securing options on several sites, and
It Is expected that one will be secured
in a few days. -
In the probate court this morning the
will of the late Nannie Kellogg Rich
ards was admitted to probate, and Clara
M. Kellogg and A. K. Richards were
appointed executors of the estate, which
is valued at ?50,000.
City attorney Townsend has filed 1C
more suits against delinquent taxpay
ers. Mr. Meillerfert. of tHe international
boundary commission, has returned
from Mexico City. Commissioners Mills
and Orsono will be in town Friday
The management of the Chiines of
Noranandie company has figured out the
cost of the light used for rehearsals,
and has tendered a check for $1.60 to
THEY WERE XOT
From Globe (Ariz.) Silver Belt.
"Are the races good for El Paso?"
plaintively asks the Herald. That de
pends largely on the city's complaint.
From Dalhart (Texas; .News.
The Dallas News struck a popular
chord in a recent Issue when it touched
on the possibility of Mexico proving her
claim to the site on which El Paso is
located. The News suggests that all
the cities in the state would raise large
sums for the purpose of paying the
ransom. It would be a hard blow, not
only to the stage, but to the entire
country, to lose El Paso, and the News
is right, no one would hesitate about
contributing to this cause.
THOSE TEXAS LAWS..
From Santa Fe (N. M.) New Mexican.
A news item in The El Paso Herald
says that after George W. Frenger, of
Las Cruces, had discussed the lien laws
of New Mexico at the meeting of the
Lumbermen's Association of New Mex
ico and Arizona, at El Paso, W. L. Fox
wortu, of Texas, arose and said that
"the Texas laws are quite as bad, if
not worse, than those of New Mexico."
While this can hardly be considered a
compliment to the territory's solons,
yet there is consolation in a Texan ad
mitting that the laws of New Mexico
are better than those of the Lone Star
state, niiich has been a state ever since
it came into the union, 60 and more
THAT EL PASO HOTEL.
From Austin (Texas) Statesman.
A good hotel, a new hotel, a first class
hotel, would be the best investment El
Paso could make. It would pay hand
some returns on the Investment from
the start, and it would be the best ad
W The Exchanges
Their Latest Tabloid SIcetcIu
"There seems to be a sudden desire
on the part of the public to have offi
cials really work to earn their salaries,"
"Those easy money days are sure
enough gittin' by," Son retorts. "Al
bany bridge is falling down, and the
scramble to get out from under is al
most as good to see as a three ,rlng
"Bridge parties seem to be getting
unpopular everywhere. I notice even
up In Poughkeepsie a church congre
gation has become rent over card
games," says Father.,
"It was a church deacon who broke
up the Albany party, too." Son re
marks. "Statesmen used to break their
necks to catch up with church mem
bers strolling in public places. It was
always a good ad for their reputation.
If even a church janitor reaches his
hand in his pocket now to drag out
a red bandanna in the presence of a
statesman there's a wild panic to get
under cover. Here's once the church
has put the kibosh on one of our most
exclusive little games."
'Public servants ought to be very
careful about their conduct at all
times," Father gravely declares.
"That's what they all say now.'
avers Son. "There's a lot of perfectly
good rocks in several state institutions
yearning to be broken, and anybody,
that had anything to do with the bridge
parties feels sad when he thinks about
the blisters that may rise where the
sugar used to melt."
'Duck on a rock cwas another popu
Jar game when I was a boy," Father
"It'll be about as popular with the
Albany bridge ducks who land on the
rocks as a little German band at a
Chinese funeral," Son concludes, as he
departs for the Great White "Way.
Copyright. 1910, bv the New York
Evening Telegram (New York Herald
company). All rights reserved.
of this date, 1S36)
, Chief Fink has returned from Hous
ton, where he attended the meeting of
the Texas -chiefs of police, and where
he was made a member of the com
mittee to see the legislature and seek
the enactment of stricter laws relative
to pawnshops and second hand dealers.
The artesian well was down 704 feet
in gravel at 1 o'clock today.
A car of hogs came in this morning
over the T. P. and was shipped to Mex
At the board of fire police election
last night, C. TV. Fassett was chosen
captain and H. B. Stevens assistant cap
tain. Monday, March 23, a benefit perform
ance will be given by the Lyceum Stock
company for tb,e benefit of the Cycle
This morning it was discovered that
some one had broken into the Christian
church and stolen the silver communion
Unknown thieves robbed Finnigan's
warehouse Saturday night and carried
off clothing and jewelry belonging to
Fred W. Reiser and Geo. McGonigle,
valued at over $200.
A Mexican entered the jacal of Ygna
cio Mora, near the Santa Fe roundhouse,
at 3:30 this morning, and Ygnacio shot
him in the foot.
Metal market: Silver, GS 7-Sc; lead,
S3; copper, 10c; Mexican pesos, 54c.
vertisement for the city and the best
drawing card for moneyed visitors that
could be advanced. El Paso Herald.
It is peculiarly the duty of El Paso
to have Its hotels up to latest construc
tion and- accessories. That marvelous
city of far western Texas has been
for years the Mecca of poor mortals in
the last stages o tuberculosis. Tho
city is of necessity infected with germs
of tn.ii awful disease. Great care has
been taken to -avoid infection but it
must be there, and the hotels are more
difficult to keep free of it than are
any other places. A new, modernly
built hotel, with special regard to Its
peculiar perils, would be at once a safe
guard to travelers and a big advertise
ment for El Paso.
THE DANGER TRAIL.
"The Danger Trail" is a story of an
adventure that took place in the far
north and Is thrilling from start to
finish. The hero is captured twice by
enemies, and narrowly escapes losing
his Ufa each time. e meets and loves
his enemy's sister, who tries to save his
life, and has nin taken (in a sled
drawn by wolfhounds) miles away to a
deserted village there he is made a
prisoner, leading the nrothers to believe
that he is dead, and when she sends
her servant to have him removed far
ther away, he attacks the servant, over
powers Jiim, then binds him, and at the
point of a pistol, makes him promise to
take him to his love, which promise he
keeps. There the hero is captured again
and is to be executed at 6 oclock, a. m.
Just before the hour the brothers dis
cover that they have the wrong man,
and were wrong all the time. Of
course he marries the sister. It Is
written by James Oliver Curwood and
Is published by Bobbs Merrill Co. Price
The Sargasso Sea b7
One of the Baffling Myteries of Nature. ZZZZZZ
THE Sargasso sea is one of the baf
fling mysteries of nature. It Is
popularly believed that this phe
nomenon is the graveyard of a mighty
flet of dead ships, and fictionists have
made much of its suggestions of ro
mance, tragedy and lost treasure.
When Christopher Columbus was sail
ing toward America he encountered the
Sargasso sea. He recorded in his jour
nal that "they began to see many tufts
of grass which were very green and
appeared to have been quite recently
torn from the land." Upon sight of
this phenomenon his sailors exclaimed
that the very sea itself was turning
Into land in order to retard his prog
ress. This vast expanse of weedy sea is
verj- little less of a mystery to the pres
ent generation than it was to Columbus.
As far as science is able to tell us the
Sargasso sea "is practically the same
today as when it was first discovered,
and Is perhaps the only one of the
larger aspects of nature which has not
undergone some change since that time.
Its area is still definitely undefined,
and the cause of its weedy deposit is
stillan dispute. It has remained a bat
tling ground for scientists all these
years, and has developed into a 'source
of delight for imaginative writers.
It is situated in the north Atlantic
ocean, and is similar in shape' to an
egg, the large end being toward Florida.
It reaches from longitude 70 to longi
tude 40, being about 600 miles south
west of the Azores. Its width lies be-
l tween latitude 20 and latitude 35.
The 'Bermuda islands are the only
body of land within Its area, they being
near its northwest edge. It Is esti
mated to be about 130,000 square miles
The Sargasso sea has been likened to
a basin of water with light substances
floating UDon its surface. "When this
'basin is given a circular motion the
mass gathers in the center, where there
is the least disturbance. The Sargasso
sea Is the center of the body of water
enclosed in the circle formed by the
joining of the gulf stream current and
the equatorial current.
1 Covered With Seaweed.
The Sargasso sea is covered with
masses of yellow brown seaweed. Each
stalk has little air bladders which en
able the plant to remain at the surface
of the water.
This weed usually is seen in long,
parallel rows, which stretch away in
the direction of the prevailing winds.
Sometimes it becomes so packed as to
form island like patches. These are to
be found mostly In the western part of
the sea, and are seldom over 100 feet
In diameter, although fields several
acres In extent occasionally are seen.
It as believed that near the center of
the'sea these areas become larger. This
weed serves to keep the water calm,
even though a heavy wind is blowing.
Where this great supply of seaweed
comes from Is a mooted question. Some
believe that it grows atthe bottom of
Modfied Russian Blouse
r ' ' ' ' ' " t
i (7a lfcqSlil"- "V ; r x ! i. Ob
0?05ED 2K MISS ICOY
In this dressy costume of tea leaf green silk silk cashmere Is seen a charm
ing modification of the Russian blouse. All th fulness of the seamless shoul
dered coat is gathered Deneath the fancy belt into a waist band to which is at
tached the soutache-braided, shaped and carefully fitted hip pieces.
The skirt although side plaited all round, is rather scant and has a widely
boxed front, panelled- with soutache bra Iding.
The large hat of coarse white straw faceJ with dark green velvet has a
ciown covered uith small white roses and tea leaf foliage.
tho sea dirtctly beneath the area Jn
which it Is seen. This theory has been
discredited by scientists making sound
ings, which showed no growths what
ever at the bottom.
Others believe that the plant grows
on the surface of the water, each branch
that breaks off from the parent stem
becoming an independent plant. This
I theory aso has been discredited. The
greater number of scientists cling to
the belief that the weed Is a habitat of
the gulf of Mexico, as it has been found
attached to rocks at the bottom in most
parts of it. Their theory Is that the
seeds of this plant become attached to
rocks in the manner usual to all algae.
When the plant has obtained a con
siderable size it offers greater resist
ance to the progress of the continual
current than the stalk will stand, and
consequently is broken off. It then
rises to the surface and Is swept on
ward by the stream until it passes
through the gulf of Florida. The gulf
stream has a tendency to throw all
floating bodies off to the right of its
cburse, and the weed is therefore grad
ually turned into the central area. One
point in substantiation of this theory
is the fact that the ends of all the
stalks are dead.
A Submerged Meadow.
While no shoals or hidden rocks have
been found, in fact, nothing whatever
of a dangerous nature, it Is neverthe
less an unpleasant sensation to have
a ship pass swiftly through an ocean
covered with herbage resembling a par
tially submerged meadow. It requires
several similar experiences before the
uneasiness wears off. J3o .much has
been surmised in connection with the
Sargasso sea that to divide the truth
from the untruth Is a difficult mat
te?. One of the most prevalent of the un
truthful Ideas regarding this phenome
non Is that ships are unable to make
their way through Its expanse, and
that to attempt it will result in their
being caught and carried to the center,
from which there is no escape. Scien
tists discredit this story absolutely, and
from Columbus's journal it is not ap
parent that he had any difficulty in
Various scientists have attempted to
define the exact area of the Sargasso
sea. In 1865, M. Leps, a Frenchman,
made maps in which that region was
charted definitely, and it is claimed that
all the maps made in the last 40 years
have been based on these. As a re
sult of his observations, Mr. Findley,
an English writer, who Is considered
an authority on the subject, claims that
it has no specific boundaries, but fluc
tuates. He believes It is more south
erly In winter and the reverse during
the summer months. One scientist
claims that the Sargasso sea is as large
as the Mississippi valley.
Sargasso Sea Fish.
While the area of the Sargasso sea,
and the weed found in it, both have
remained a mystery to scientists, they
are no less unknown than the animal
OrTl - rE? -3TS1GHT SYSS'OO.
life which abounds in this unexplored
The most extraordinary of all the fish
to be found there is the antennarius.
It cements little balls of weed together,
in which It deposits its eggs.
This fish is yellow, brown and white,
with a body thick in proportion to its
length. It is four or five- Inches long,
the head and mouth being enormous
for its size. When agitated it becomes
Inflated until It resembles a tight ball.
Its eyes are a brilliant green.
Specimens of this fish occasionally
drift Into the harbor of Beaufort, N. C,
and on being picked up by boys along
the ieach are taken to the laboratory
of the United States bureau of fisher
ies there. In this way some knowledge
of the habits and life of the species
has been obtained. Two specimens,
which were watched closely, fought
constantly until .one killed the other.
- The only insects living oa the surface
of the Sargasso sea -travel so rapidly
that it- is extxenaely difficult to catch
them. Flying fish are plentiful, but
there are no marine birds in the vicin
ity. At night the entire scene assumes a
brilliant aspect.- Then the phosphores
cent weed gives off a silver glow a
short distance beneath the surface,
causing even the fl3h to appear out
lined with light. It is said that a
branch of the seaweed when placed in a
s'mall, dark cabin, will give sufficient
light to distinguish various objects.
Naturalists claim that seaweed is the
most extensive of all vegetable growths
on land or sea. A full grown plant is
about the size of a cabbage, and is about
a foot in length. It is found as far
south as Cape St, Roque, Brazil, it
fringes every Island of the Antilles,
every shore of the Caribbean, and 13
found as far north as Cape Cod.
It has been estimated that it takes
five and a half months for the de
tached weed to drift to tho eastern part
of the Sargasso sea. There is a limit
to its separate existence When ft is
subjected to change of temperature or
difference of locality caused by con
tinued wind or current, large quantities
become decayed and sink to the bottom.
In a few instances branches are known
to have drifted to th,e shores of the
British Isles and western Europe, but
when found were always in an imper
The source of supply from the gulf of
Mexico is so great that the quantities
that are lost are not noticeable.
i .uoars crew JLHsapear.
xne popular Deuet that the Sargasso
sea is a giant whirlpool, drawing ven
turesome and abandoned ships into its
vortex, has given rise to many remark
able stories. One of its victims was
supposed to have been the; "Marie Ce
leste," which left New Trbrk in 1887
for Europe with 13 people on board.
Including the captain's wife and child.
Two weeks after setting out a British
bark sighted her in the Atlantic ocean
with no sign of life on board. A boat
was sent and a thorough search made,
which revealed absolutely nothing that
would give a clue to the cause of the
desertion of the ship. Everything was
in its place, even the boats at the cav
ita. The hull was undamaged, cargo in
tact, and the rigging and spar were in
perfect condition. The sails were all
set, and the weekly wash of the crew
hung above the forecastle.
In the cabin there was a sewing ma
chine, with a child's garment under the
needle, and on the table there was a
half finished meal. The log book was
posted to within 48 hours of the visit,
and from the condition of the ship it
was proved that no storm had been
encountered- Althoua-h th TTnftrt
pStates government-snared nothintr in
its effort to unravel the mystery, no
trace of any member of the ship's com
pany was found. "
Tomorrow Labor Troubles in Pana
(Continued from Page One.)
is hoped, be able to find the true policy
of the government-"
Obligation of Conservation.
He expressed the opinion that "a
greater obligation rests upon tbxf states
than upon the general government to
inaugurate laws to prevent waste in .the
utilization of national resources." There
has been a grossly exaggerated notion
among some people, he declared, as to
what the general government can do
in conserving ihe natural resources that
lie in the deposits of minerals, and are
contained in the soils and the streams.
For the most part, ho pointed out, they
have passed Into private ownership and
are under the municipal ownership of
"It seems to me," he continued, "that
we should not try to impose the whole
burden of conservation on the general
government, but leave it to the states
and to the municipalities to work out,
except insofar as national Interference
is necessary to protect national inter
ests; and I want to be understood as
opposed to the theory that, because the
state has not exercised to the full its
powers in the matter of -reforms, ipso
facto that national government must ex
States 3lEst Be Alert.
The national government, he said, can
not "en-ter the state and dictate the
means or method of the development of
its streams and rivers, except insofar
as their navigation is concerned." Wise
conservation, in his opinion, implied "as
full and free development of our natural
j resources as is consistent with our civ
ilization and needs."
"But we muot not forget." he asserted,
"that we are not through with the policv
of development, of building up new co-m-irunities
and settlements, ueven in far
off Alaska. We have not reached that
period -where we can say the remainder
of our public lands shall be auctioned
off in the highest bidder to increase
the revenues of the national treasury.
They must still be used as inducements
to increase thrifty settlements and pro
vide new homes to landless settlers and
to promote commerce and industrial pur
suits In the most remote regions of the
"What the public domain needs today
I.; a speedy survey of all available areas
for settleTic-nt: an adequate and scien
tific classification of the remainder of
the public lands, and such legislation as
will enable a determination of all private
entries and rights in the interest of the
Dona tide claimant without unreason
able delay and. above all, protection
against the monopolization or waste
of our our national resource "
Mr. Ballinger declared that "the pres
ent laws and methods of disposal of
deposits of coal, phosphates, oil and nat
ural gas are utterly impractical, either
llV? 'the standpoint of the locator or
that of the government, "and no ade
quate method exists," he added, "for con
troling or supervising hydro-electric
power produced from power plants in
stalled on government water power
Sti0 man or sec of men can m-
plj with the present law and finance a
coal mine on the public domain on 640
acres of laud except under extremely fa
vorable conditions. The absurdity of the
law fn Itself invited fraud and ind'recc
methods of evading its provisions. It is
hoped congress will furnish th interidr
department with the necessary ma
cmery to guard safely and properly the
public Interests in their utimate disposition.