Newspaper Page Text
Saturday, March 26, 1910.
By Robert H. Murray
I by the government, the Yaquis have'been
iaKen away iroiu me oiienders.
Deportation undoubtedly has involved
hardships upon the Yaquis, through the
very nature of things. But it is difficult
to a-ede to the proposition that it would
have been better or the Mexican gov
ernment to hav waged a war of exter
m'nation against" the indians for seem
ingly this was the only alternative that
offered if peace was to be secured in
"TE 7ttavatar KOVrvRA. March 26. J
Y Southern Sandra is the land of
"" the Yaqui indians, the "Apaches
of Mexico," as they have been termed
by those who have had opportunity for
comparing the Yaquis and their brav
ery, ruthlessness in war and relentless
hostility nvith the kindred, character
istics of the Apaches which formerly
made them the scourge of the far west
in the United States. Like the Apaches,
the Yaquis have been forced to give way
before the march of progress. They
fought stubbornly and valiantly to resist
the encroachments of civilization and to
hold themselves exempt from the white
man's laws. But the pressure became
too strong for them. Xow the Yaquis
are a conquered people.
Only a few weeks ago the Mexican au
thorities and the principal chiefs of the
Yaquis celebrated the first anniversary
of the -treaty of La Pitahaya. By the
terms of the treaty, the Yaquis laid down
their arms, ceased to struggle and agreed
to live In future on terms )f amity with i
The Yaqui a Farmer. -Farms
have "been given them, and it is
said federal aid has generously been ex
tended to provide them with agricultural
implements, seeds, livestock and other
necessities. By inheritance and- inclina
tion the Yaqui is a tiller of the soil. Cu
riously enough, he is a fighter, too. l'or
hundreds of years the tribesfolk cultl-
Correspondent Denies Stories of Cruelty, But Admits I force he Me3cicajj government to com-
x - M-v-tk'Jrj - "i'i '-ww Tensate them. ReDresentations on the
I f 4- ft&ewt tttr -4- .ssoft -. kl r, w. Ail . "I "m Jl 1717. i rn ?- ff Wachindnn Ynn. Hs -nncm rrlaA fl Q
ili, juxtuy cuuuiuiib xictvtj aen jriace ana inau nrLTJ. nXr:;:
the Mexican government to the urgent I
Hardships Accompanied the Deportation of
the Indians History of the "Wars.
travelers, women and chil-
vated the land in the fertile valleys of
the Yaqui and the Mayo river. From
the days of the Spanish conquistadores
until the treaty of La Pitahaya the
Yaquis had never recognized the au
thority of the government. They refused
to acknowledge the sovereignty either of
the Spanish or of the Mexicans. They
militantly asserted their rights to the
land that had been held by their ances
tors for generations. "Let us alone,"
was the only condition that they could
be induced to accept as a basis of rela
tions with the Spanish and the Mexicans.
Had Sonora been a barren and unpro
ductive region it would nave been feasi
ble to leave the Yaquis in undisputed
possession of the country they claimed
as theirs. But Sonora is rich in min
erals, gold, silver and copper, while its
snM fni- tlio trine nnrt Is 1-iisrhlv Tirn-
ductive. It was inevitable hat. with the , excitinr cause furnished by the Mexican
development of the rest of Mexico and government. The final period of the
the contiguous portions of the United i.aqui war lasted from 18S5 until 190S.
States, the farmer, the miner and th5 ! faring three years hostilities were in-
cattleman, should invade the Yaquis I te l "PJ-ea oniy Dy occasional brief inter-
Sonora would have fared much further
along lines of commercial, agricultural
and mining development, too, had It not
been for the retarding influence of the
Yaqui troubles. But the fact" Is that
it is only within recent years that the
federal government has been In a posi
tion to carry out a definite, energetic and
persistent policy toward the Yaquis.
Money was lacking and there were other
tasks that took precedence.
The Bloodiest Epoch.
peaceful. The Yaquis are still here in
numbers, tilling their farms, or em
ployed as free agents in tne mines or on
haciendas. They are being absorbed and
elevated by contact with men of a high
er race and enjoy eq-ml privileges, so
far as citizenship is concerned, with
thoe surrounding them. The futureN of
the Yaquis is as promising as that
of 'the indians in the United States is
hopeless. The Mexiean government has
insisted that the Yaqui shall take and
keep -to his proper place In the na
Sonota ns: end of sending a compara-j clonal economy, but he has not killed
tivcly rmail pcrtiou of the Indians to him in the process.
Yucatan, where they are kept out of
mischief and work for wages. Sonora Is ' Next article; Labor.
It is interesting to note, in examining
the history of the Yaqui wars, that the
bloodiest epoch of the conflict was tire-
probably would have continued Indefi- bivouacs. It was the boast of the Yaquis
of -the Yaquis, and quite apart from any
necessity of mastering the Yaquis
It is undoubtedly true that the Mex
ican government exhausted every 'meth
od of diplomacy, argument and gener
osity to placate the Yaquis. Now and
then the indians, when hard pressed,
would consent -to accept the allotments
of lands and assistance from the na
tional treasury, and assume a friendli
ness which often lasted no more than
a few months. When troops were with
drawn, fresh outbreaks followed. "When
ever the Indians could be induced to
give battle to the troops, the sol
But the troops lost heavily when the
Yaquis confined themselves to their fa
vorite and most successful tactics, split
ting up into small bands, ambushing the
soldiers, and descending In sudden ana
impetuous whirlwinds upon camps and
Asleep Among the Chimney Pots
Physician Tells Benefits of Outdoor Sleeping to Mind and Body
(By Addison W. Baird, M. D.)
.Irritation Almost Drove Him Mad
Eyes So Swollen Could Scarcely
See Skin Specialist Said It was
Psoriasis Cured by Cuticura.
SO PLEASED WITH CURE
ANXIOUS TO TELL OTHERS
Ve hare just received acansignmeal
e PURINA POULTRY FEED5, C4
ad examine than.
tse ft mixture of over e dozen varleUag
of grains and seecs. They contaS
absolutely no grit which make
freight. They contain absolutely no
burnt nor smutty wheat. Your chick
ess will thrive upon this feed if s ne
experiment, but a practical feed f of
practical poultry raisers. Costs M
S4 Mk Joe a sample of it,
0. 6. Seefon &
The Yaqui -would share his country
nvith no one- He ivas in-.olerant of com
panionship or amicable relations Tvith
the outlander. Progress and the opera
tion of the inexorable law of civiliza
tion -which, to be effective, must replace
the old order with the new, made no
convincing- appeal to him. He fought as
long as he ;ould, and yielded only when
the pressure became too strong.
An Indian Contrast.
This marked difference appears by
contrasting the case of the Yaquis -with
that of the indians of the United States.
No -war of extermination was -waged
against the Yaquis by Mexico. Although
conquered, the Yaquis are still a numer
ically strong .and virile people. There are
probably 25,000 of them still in Sonora.
One sees them everywhere, threading the
streets of the cities and towns, on their
way to and from market; or busy In
their fields, no matter -vhere one travels.
Severe and for the most part unmerited
condemnation has been unsparingly ut
tered at the expense of the Mexican
government for the cruelties and op
pressions "which it is alleged to have
visited upon the Yaquis. Critics -who
have taken up the Yaqui question as a
text either have dealt in half truths or
deliberately misrepresented the facts. In
dealing -with the Yaqui problem he gov-
vals of peace.
j cajeme was the shrewdest and most
vupuoie Tvar cniet tnat the Xf ius ever
had. Under him they attained most
nearly to their Ideal, -which -was that of
absolute independence and submission
only to their own leaders. Cajeme or
ganized the Yaquis and the Mayos on
a -war footing. His "warriors were suf
ficiently numerous and well drilled to
defy the best forces that the Mexican
government was able to send against
them prior to 1SS5. So the Indians -were
left pretty much to themselves. Cajeme
-would brook no divided authority. Oppo- j
aiLiuii 10 nis ruie arose among a taction
I of the indians, headed by a chief from
the Loreto Molina tribe. Cajeme banish
ed the rebels from the Yaqui territory
and confiscated their property.
-Chiefs Family Murdered.
The Molinas refuged in this city. An
armed neutrality then existed between
the Yaquis and the government, -which
probably would have contained indefi
nitely had the Molinas not set them
selves to punish Cajeme for their ban
ishment and the confiscation of their
lands. On a night in January, 1885, 30
Molinas attacked Cajeme's home. Ca
jeme was away, but his wife and chil
dren were murdered by the Molinas, and
his house was burned.
Cajeme demanded of the Mexican of
eminent has behaved more humanely j f icial in command or the troops Hi Guay-
and generously with them than, it must
be confessed, did the United States with
the remnants of the aboriginal tribes.
If any blame is to be laid at the door
of the Mexican government in connec
tion nvith the Yaquis it proceeds from
the lack of firmness and energy -with
which it set out at first to bring the
Indians into subjection. Had the gov
ernment grappled with the situation in
this state in the beginning as determin--edly
as it did later on. humanity 'would
have been served, through the sparing
of the lives of thousands of indians and
Mexican soldiers -who fell in the vari
ous -wars with the Yaquis, -and the blood
of non-combatants, peaceable farmers,
mas. Whither the Molinas retreated, that
he surrender the latter. By way of en
forcing his demands the Yaqui chief
seized a number of small steam and sail
ing, craft belonging to Mexican residents
of Gnayraas, and threatened to destroy
them unless the Molinas were surren
dered within three days. I will also de-
that before they could be subjugated
two Mexican soldiers must be -sent to
Sonora for every Yaqui. Gen. Torres,
In command of the troops in this state,
once sent a thousand soldiers' caps to
the city of Mexico and demanded of the
minister of war that they "be filled with
From the Yaquis one cannot justly
withhold a sincere tribute of respect
and admiration for the tenacity with
which they kept up the war. Yaquis,
who were ostensibly peaceful, would de
vote their earnings as laborers, or con
tribute from the proceeds of their farms,
to the support of thev warriors In the
field. Cajeme's forces were constantly
recruited by fresh detachments of men
who replaced those of his followers who
were killed, wounded, or spent by pri-
-vatlon and hardships of life in the field.
Hundreds of Yaquis crossed the border
and worked In the United States, send
ing their wages to replenish Cajeme's
Death, by the bullet or the halter, was
-meted out to hundreds of the Indians by
various Mexican commanders, who were
provoked to such drastic methods by
much the same sort of outrages as those
which ensanguined the annals of In
dian warfare in the United States.
Hopes of permanent peace were enter
tained several years ago when, after the
fall of Cajeme, his successor, Tetabiate,
made a peace agreement at Ortiz. The
warriors entered the service of the gov
ernment as auxiliary troops. River
lands were distributed to the Yaquis.
Schools were established, municipal ad
ministrations "were organized and the
more intelligent of the Yaquis, those
who could read and write, were given
positions of authority. This peace en
dured for two years. Suddenly, and
without warning, the indians arose
The Deportation Policy.
Then the government Inaugurated the
AJfD FEESH FIELD,- GAEBEN AND FLOWER
CALL OK OR WRITE TO
I O. G. SEETON
THIRD AND CHIHUAHUA STREETS
KAY, GRAIN, FLOUE AND FEED
clare war against the Mexicans." was j policy of deportation which, more than
the way Cajeme's ultimatum ran. j anything else, brought about the final
The Mexican commander refused to J submission of the indians. Love of his
native land is the predominant charac
teristic of the Yaqui. He will brave death,
accede to the demands of Cajeme, who
immediately destroyed the boats and
took the field at the head of '500 war
riors. f - . - f Z
Government Adepts Defiance.
There was nothing' for the govern-
imprisonment and any other penalty
with stoicism. But exile from his 'Sier
ra" or land, breaks his spirit and in
spires him with terror. Knowledge of
ment to do save to accept the defiarce ! this trait led to the determination of
thus forced upon it by the Yaquis. The
most lamentable feature of the disturb
ances -which followed was furnished by
the outrages committed" by the indians
in their forways upon settlements and
haciendas. Neither women nor children
were spared. When it took the warpath
the Yaqui did not invest himself with
the barbaric panoply of feathers and
j breach clout, like the Apache, for the
I Yaquis is not a "blanket Indian." He
forebore to smear his face and body with
paint. Habit had wonted him to the
conventional garments of civilication.
the government to essay the experiment
of deportation. It was impracticable to
place them on reservations, for large
bodies of troops would have been neces
sary to guard and prevent them from
stealing back to Sonora. Labor was
needed on the hennequin plantations
The Yaquis are excelent workers. The
distance separating Yucatain and So
nora rendered it Impossible for the
Yaquis to return to this state. The cli
mate of Yucatan Is identical with that
of the Yaqui river coast country. Not
the trousers, shirt and hat, but this did more than 5000 Yaquis, all told, were
not mitigate his ferocity. He fought ac- i sent -tucatan. amines were not sep-
fe 0 a jt
I r 2eE4& 'Vj
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contain the feljbest type of aecfaashsl siill Drought about by
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Every Modern Feature of" Value
is Found in Victor Styles.
Pipe Ganss strengthened ajralnst bendinjr bv our siacle
exefesive device, leaving them light in weight. New Lever
Spreato, light, effective and pleasing to ah users-, made
with or without Balance Lever, as desired; Dust-Proof
Wheel "Bores. No make of cultivator caa be sold lower than
the Victor Cultivator and contain the sase faija qpahty and
light, strongandneat in design, it has pleased thousands of satisfied customers and is
better this year than eTer. Insist on getting the Victor from your dealer. The
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Backed by an Unqualified Guarantee. We are headquarters for all that'is best in Imple- j
ments, wagons annvehicles. Catalog Free. Write us your requirements. i
Parlirfa Orendorff Impltment Co., Dallas Texas.
cording to his lights, and on the princi
ple common to all savage warfare, that
hazards, striking and sparing none.
arated, but each married man was allow
ed to be accompanied by his wife and
the important thing was to win at all children. The government has been
condemned for sending women and chil-
Travelers were constantly massacred. l o1"611 to Yucatan, but the fact seems to
De mai it woum nave been far more
inhuman to have divided families, hus
bands from wives and parents from
Some Ynquls Left.
While it was originally the Intention
to deport all of the Yaquis, circum
stances so shaped themselves .that he
effect aimed at by the government was
attained before more than 5000 had been
shipped away. The Yaquis who re
mained in rebellion saw with dismay
and disquietude the disappearance of
their fellows. A desire to avoid exile
speedily brought them to a conciliatory
frame of mlud. .The Yaqui leaders were
shrewd enough to see that the govern
ment had at last found the joint in their
armor. They issued an address to the
entire nation, appealing especially to the
rebels in the mountains, counselling
submission. Promises of good behavior
were accepted by the government. Ship-
The highways were so unsafe that only
the most wreckless would venture far
from a town without an escdrt of troops.
Places which had been Industrial, min
ing or agricultural centers were de
populated. Mining enterprises, especial
ly those In which American were In
terested, were abandoned because of the
impossibility of preserving communi
cation with the cities and towns from
which the miuers drew their supplies. I
have had mentioned to me the names
of scores of families in Sonora who
suffered the loss cf members at the
hands of the Yaquis. It is undeniable
that the Indians put prisoners to torture.
Scalping was practiced.
Did Not Respect Americans.
No foundation exists for the assertion
offered bv champions of the Yaquis
that Invariably they respected the lives
and property of Americans. Many
Americans -were killed by them. The
A couple of years ago in the course
of my lecture on the "Prevention of
Consumption," which I was delivering
for the board of education at a school
house in a distant part of Brooklyn, I
laid special emphasis on the fact that by
initiating early measures to bring about
a cure In suspected or Incipient cases
no time was lost, Inasmuch as all means
Intended to build up the body vigor were
of benefit in any event. In particular
I dwelt upon the need of plenty of fresh
air. , I ,
After the lecture several in the audi
ence stopped to discuss various phases
of the subject, and one man asked
if I kept the windows of my bedroom
wide open all night. It chanced to be
bitterly cold weather, and I answered
jestinging that one was tempted to keep
them closed on such a night. "Then," he
replied, "It Is a case of do as I say,
and not do as I do." As a matter of fact j
my bearoom windows were reguiany
open at night and furnished with awn
ings for use in stormy weaher;but this
chance remark led me to reflect whether
a better plan could not be devised.
Sleeping on the Roof.
Some time later, in renovating my
house, I embraced the opportunity to
build a camp or sleeping room on the
roof up among the chimney pots, as
Sam Weller would say.
The roof house is twelve feet square,
and consists of a steel framework cover
ed in with fireproof materials to com
ply with the building code. Across the
front extends a "series of doors, so that
this whole side can be thrown open.
The walls are double and the inter
space has openings top and bottom,
thus providing free circulation of air;
and the roof also is double, with venti
lation through a small cupola. The
effect of this cellular construction Is
to prevent the apartment from becoming
overheated -when the sun's rays play up
on it throughout the long summer days.
The whole cost was less than ?400.
Fnrnlshlng' "the Roof Room.
The sleeping room Is reached by a
steep stair from the top floor of "the
house, the coaming of the scuttleway
having been carried up Into the room,
and the stairs guarded by a handrail.
The room contains two iron cot beds, a
couple of chairs, shelves for extra bed
ding, a candle lantern and a few other
As this sleeping apartment is shut off
from the rest of the house by a door at
the foot of the stairs, the atmosphere in
it is always that of the outside air, hence
there is no sensation of a close, con
fined space, such as one finds in a gar
ret. Moreover, there is no such disad
vantage as attaches to sleeping in
an attic room, for the reason
that one can dress and bathe In
the well'warmed top floor, and even in
winter time the exposure is only mo
mentary. At -night it takes a very brief time to
reach the blankets, and In the morning
one's movements are accelerated by con
tact with the cold air. Of course in
cold weather it is necessary to have an
ample supply of warm covering, but
when one has settled for the night in
a tunnel of blankets there is a very
pleasing sensation of cosiness. In hot
weather the atmosphere in the sleeping
room is never oppressive, and even on
close summer nights a refreshing move
ment of air Is ordinarily found.
Sometimes high winds are rather an
noying, especially when it blows great
guns during a winter gale. Rain on the
roof is soothing rather than unpleasant.
although thunder storms in the nlerht
time moonlight glistening on the sur
rounding snowclad roofs forms a- very
Don't Easily "Catch Cold."
Experience shows that sleeping in the
open air renders one less liable to
"catch cold," and that an incipient
coryza usually disappears over night
The appetite is markedly increased; not
inordinately, but three good meals a
day are very acceptable. This increase
of -appetite has its Inconvenience for it
renders the need for more exercise im
perative, and in city life exercise is dif
ficult to obtain.
Altogether, for thdse who are obliged
to dwell in the city and who desire to
obtain plenty of fresh air either as a
therapeutic measure or simply as a mat
ter of hygiene, it will be found that a
roof house "is a handy institution, and
that the "climate of New York" is
highly beneficial. Sleeping in the open
air wherever tried brings about a whole
some stimulation of every function of
the body, and refreshment to the mind
and soul (Exclusive service Charities
and Commons Press bureau.)
MAY PUT ON BULL
FIGHT IN ST. LOtTCS
St. Louis Showman Tele
graphs F. J. Hall to Buy
Him Fighting Bulls.
Maybe a bull fight will be pulled off
In the near future in St. Louis, and may
be it will not, but if tne pRrns of Zack
Mulhall, showman, do n-jt go awry, and
sufficient assistance is given by sheriff
F. J. Hall, of El Paso, ,oounty, the resi
dents of the fdurth largest city in the
United States will have the privilege
ui seeing an exhibition of barbarism,
that is, if they care for it.
While in Fort Worth a week ago,
sheriff Hall saw Mulhail, at which time
he stated he had "things fixed" for a
hull fight in St. Louis, provided Mr.
Hall could secure the matadors and the
necessary bulls. Upon hts return home,
Mr. Hall contracted for Mulhall with a
matador and communicated with the
showman by wire.
An answer was received yesterday aft
"Wire just received. Buy me two fight
ing bulls- Will write you."
An attempt was made to hold a hjill
fight in St. Louis during the world's
fair, but the police interfered and almost
caused a panic The bull, which had
been Imported for the fight, were, after
they were lassooed on Olive street, con
verted into steaks at a packing house.
MAIL FOR COL. JENNINGS
"I was completely cured of a skin
disease by the use of the Cuticura Rem
edies after doctors
had failed. The
complaint first at
tacked me in 1906,
my hands and arms
right up to the el
bows breaking out in
large blisters, some
an inch across. X
need not tell any suf
ferer from distress
ing skin complaints
whatl went through.
The irritation al
most drove me mad.
I became an out
patient of a London hospital. I re
ceived little benefit, and after a fort
night's attendance I was seen by a skin
specialist who told me the complaint
was psoriasis. The irritation was not
allayed at all. I persevered with the
treatment and continued to attend the
hospital for two months bet I was far
"Later the disease took a more seriot
form, affecting my neck and face as weM
as ray hands ana arms. My- neck was
covered and sometimes my eyes were so
badly swollen, that I could scarcely see.
Irritation is too mild a word to describe
my suffering; it was excruciating agony.
I was sent to a doctorwhogaTeme some
ointment, but it did me no good and in
the end I lest my job. A friend in Lon
don sent me some Cuticura. Soap which,
softened my hands, made them feel freeh
and more comfortable. I obtained some
Cuticura Resolvent and Cuticura Oint
ment and was especially pleased with,
the Ointment which immediately allayed
the irritation and caused the "sores to
heal steadily and surely. Xn three weeka
I was completely cured and there baa
been no return of the complaint. I am
so pleased with my care that I ana
anxious to tell others about it Arthur
Duncan, Litchard Hill, Bridgend, South
Wales, Jan. 16, 1909."
Csticura Soap (25c.) t Oeaase tbe Site. QrMean
Ointment (50c.) to Hel tie Stta. aad Catteon
Resolvent (66c.). (or la t&e form of Cbecefete Coated
Plus. 25c per vtel of CO) to Purify ta31ood. SoM
t&roaRbout t&e workL Potter Bros & ciem. Cerp
Bote Prop, 135 Columbia Ave, Bootes. Mass.
aa-ilolled Free. CuWcara Book ob Skis Dbeut.
A GOOD PIANO FOR
Letters Received for Helen Jennings
and Frank Strome, Who I Sap
posed to Have Saved Her Life.
Letters addressee to Col S. TV. Jen
nings Helen Jennimrs and T-mnic fztnmo.
who Is supposed to have been given one- I
half of "Valere" ranch for savins , ' fitfi-
! me ox xieien Jennings, remain undeliv-
i urea in me a iaso postoffice.
Do you want a piano?
Do you want a violin?
Do you want a mandolin?
Closing out sale of pianos,
Col. Jennings Is umenown hro on
elsewhere in the county where the post
office has endeavored to locate him.
Some of the letters are addressed to
"Valere range, 100 miles east of El
Paso." In this district Sierra Blanca is
located, but Col. Jennings and the ranch
are unknown in that section.
The letters are from all over the
.country and those without return ad-
are occasionally disturbing. All of the ure?ses, are. oemg held here, while the
series of doors enclosing the front of J'"0"'i"- lorce continues its effort to
jnoney loss resulting from the Yaqui up- 1 ments of laquis to Yucatan were halted.
rising fell as heavily upon Americans
as upon Mexicans. Sonora's proximity
to the American frontier had led Amer
icans to invest millions In mining ven
tures and in agricultural enterprises.
Americans who had suffered at the
hands of the Yaquis repeatedly called
j upon the United States government to
Pine Ridge Sanitariym
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Aueust 10, 1909. shows a comnlrte reca erv of S2 6-7 per cent. Write for
handsome, pike torc SANTTARimi. Atlanta. Ga.
Illustrated booklet. Dr. Geo. Brown, Pres. Dr.J.ILCraTrford, V.-Pres. Dr. L. C Eouglln. Ses.
Tabor's Metal Weather Strips
for Doors and Windows keep out I Graj (JlfoH & Q0 Sen, Agfs
the sand, dirt and wind. , c' M ' j?
Phone Bell 43. Chamber of Commerce Blag.
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R. T. Felix Gouraud's Oriental
Cream or Magics! Beautifler.
(jooS Ygff xw;u.c3 liui. ililipitjs.
Ut; -3 TSS?s'Vk Bash, and skin Diseases.
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Accept no counter
feit of similar
name. Dr. L. A.
Sayre said to a
lady of the baut
ton (a patient):
"As you ladia
will use them.
'GoHrnnrl' niim' ni th Ipst harmful of all the
skin peparations., For sale by all drussKs and Fancy.
Goods Dealers In the United States, Canada aad Europe.
FEHD.T.KOPKIHS, Pro,, 37 Grsai Jones Street KnrM
ANGELUS ggjggj? & WORKS ELGGK BROS., Props.
Pfcn SX,1 Crawford Thsaier BIdg., Opp. Plaza
Notv 5s the time to have your clothes cleaned and pressed for Easter. Prices
reasonable. 'Gloves cleaned second to none. Satisfaction guaranteed.
Get a box ef the genuine
Rat and Roach Pasta
the only guaranteed Exterminator for roaches,
rats. mice, water bugs, etc Aloaey back If It falls.
2 oz. box 25c 16 oz. box Sl.OO.
Sold by dealers everywhere.
STEARNS' ELECTRIC PASTE CO. - CHICAQO. ILL.
After 10 montns of negotiation thA
treaty of La Pitahaya was made, and
the Taqui tvar over at last
Nothing could be farther from ''the
truth than the statements that the
Yaquis -svere sold into slavery in Yuca
tan, and that hundreds of them have
succumbed to the climate and the cru
elty of their taskmasters. While nomin
ally prisoners of -war, the Yaquis have
a status corresponding to the rest of
the field laborers in Yucatan. They are
docile and industrious and the records
of the -war department show that some
of the men, flvith the aid of their half
grewn sons, earn as high as $2.50 sil
ver a day. Those to -whom the Ynmif
fies detection. It j laborers have been allotted are bound
ret"b.v the war department to treat thnm
humanely, feed and clothe them, pro
vide them with medical attendance and
pay them the prevailing rate of wages.
Denies Peon Cruelty Story.
From a common sense standpoint, it is
absurd to maintain that any planter in
Yucatan, where labor is scarce, and the
necessity of handling crops is urgent
-will fail to feed his men enough to en
able them to perform a maximum amount
of physical labor. If a Yaqui, or a peon
is not well fed and contented, he wili
shirk his work. Thus he becomes an as
set, instead of a liability. Human brawn
and muscle Is too valuable in Yucatan
or anywhere else in Mexico for tw
matter, for any planter deliberately to
depreciate its earning value by s'tar
vation or brutality.
I have heard of cases where monev
has been made by trafficking in Yaouis
since the deportation began The war
department exacted no fee for supplying
planters with labor, the only financial
stipulation involved being an obli-a
tion on the part of the planter to nay
the transportation charges of the labor
er from Mexico City to his plantation
War department has been mislead and"
Yaquis, instead of being utilized by
the persons into whose charge they were
given, have been turned over to brokers
who have disposed of them to other
planters at a price. When these viola
tions of agreement have been unearthed
the roof house are commonly left open
at night even In stormy Tveather. Rain
and snow may beat in; but that Is a
matter of no consequpence as the house
is carried on iron girders about two
feet above the roof of the main house,
and melted snow or rain drains through I
the floor -without harm. The morning
of the day president Taft was inaugur
ated several bushels of snow fonnd.
their way in around the beds, causing,
however.'' no particular Inconvenience
Quieter, Deeper Sleep.
I have found that sleep in the open
air is auleter and deeper than indoors.
One may be sleepy when the alarm
sounds in the morning, but rises re
freshed and invigorated. In fact, this
urban open air me lias a number of
pleasant features. There- is a sense
of remoteness, of being away from, the
noise and movement of the city.
Looking out over the roofs the scene
is often one of great beauty. The elec
tric light streaming upward on the tall
buildings of the neighborhood is very
striking; and further on can be seen
the Palisades with brilliant arc lights
and the dark river beneath. In winter
locate thft rtfr5nrc tn -r..v.. j.x. ,.i
IS ORG.13TIZIXG XSW
IXSTRAXCK C03iriY HERE
The El Paso Life Insurance company
is being organized. J. A. Bordeaux, of
San Antonio, is making the prelimlnarv
arrangements, and will be in charge
as general manager.
Offices have ueen -opened in the Trust
budding, and, together with a number
of associates in El Paso. Mr. Bordeaux
is completing the preliminary arrange
ments for launching the ne-w company.
The Thlel DctcctU- Service Co
.Has opened offices in El Paso at 219
Caples BIdg.. and is prepared to handle
legitimate detective work for corpora
tions, mine owners, firms and attorneys.
This service has branches in the prin
cipal cities, in the TJ. S., Canada ana
Mexico. They havP both phones.
AVH lubricating and refined oils guar
anteed to give perfect satisfaction for
purposes recommended. Gulf Refinin"
aBBtawia'jV""'""J'- .P9HBBr!BlAVB'r ' lL rJaaaaaaaT
A Good Mandolin for $1.40
A Good Violin for $2.65
$275.00 Bishop iaao, Oak Case,
for .-. $100.00
275.00 Bishop Piano, Mahogany
Case, Hsed, for .$125.00
$375.00 Stuyresant Piano, Mission
Case, new, for $225.00
$475.00 Pianola Player Piaso, aew,
$550;00 Kscher Piano, Mahogany
Case, new, for , $350.00
Piano, Prices InclaAe Stool and Scarf or
Send For Catalogue.
101-103 El Paso St
BAGGAGE & TRANSFER
Cure Rheumatism-No Cure, No Pay
New Electric Treatment Insu
lated metal insoles positive and neg
ative worn inside shoes. Body be
comes battery nerves the connecting
wires. Continuous current of life
giving electricity to every part
brain, heart, lungs, stomach, blood,
bones, muscles and tissues. Ask any
A positive guarantee is signed with
each sale. Your money will be re
turned if Electropodes fail to cure
Rheumatism, Nervousness, Neuralgia,
Headache, Backache, Cold Feet, In
somnia, Lumbago, Liver and Kidney
complaints. Electropodes are mail
able. If not at your druggist's, send
us $1.00. State whether for man or
PH0NF. BELL 1 AUTO 1001
Will be up right away.
Careful men- Reasonable 'prices.
116 SAN FRANCISCO ST.
WESTERN ELECTROPODE COMPANY
251 Los Angeles St. & Los Angeles, Cal.
Ef Pbso Trunk F8Gtorrave
Opposite postoffice, acro
' Plaza. TeL 1054: Auto 1961.
ODOM TRANSFER CO.
BAGGAGE AND MOVING
ALL KINDS OF HAULING 1
Beil Phone 1054 Aste Phene 1965
109 MAIN ST.
Write fer Catalogue of
- AND STATIONERY J
EL PASO, TEXAS.
3?R. G. E. GAMERON
Reliable dentistry at reasonable price.
Office Over Guarantee Saoe Store.